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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 24, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Colder Tonight, Snow Flurries; Fair Wednesday River Stage (Flood Stage 13) 24-Hour Today Year Ago 7.44 .19 5.52 .02 VOLUME 53, NO. 30 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 24, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Russia Rejects U.S. Protest on Loss of Plane Claims American Crossed Into Red Territory MOSCOW MV-Russia has reject- ed a U. S. protest against a shoot- ing scrape involving an American plane in the Far East. A Kremlin note said the American craft made two "premeditated" violations of Siberian territory and fired first. The Soviet rejection printed in Russian newspapers today, coun- terdemanded that the U. S. gov- ernment take steps to prevent fu- ture violations of Soviet borders by American planes. (A Moscow radio broadcast said the reply was delivered Saturday to the U. S. Embassy in the So- viet capital.) Neither Plane Damaged The American protest had de- clared the March 15 volving an Alaskan-based B50 bomber which the Air Force re- ported on weather reconnaissance 25 miles off the coast of Siberia's Kamchatka Peninsula. It said a Soviet MIG15 shot at the bomber, which then returned the fire. The U. S. Air Force said neither plane was damaged. The Russian reply said it had been "established" that the bomb- j er made two flights over Soviet territory March first at Cape Krestovoi, in Southern Kam- chatka, and the second near the village of Zhupanoyo, northeast of the Soviet base of Petropavlovsk. "Good weather which in both cases enabled the crew of the (American) aircraft to carry out visual reconnaissance on a large area excluded the possibility of a loss of orientation and confirmed that the above two cases of viola- tion of the state frontier of the USSR were of clearly premedi- Early Morning Risers got this view of the atomic cloud that formed after the Atomic Energy Commission set off the second atomic blast explosion today in its series of spring tests. This picture was made from Mt. Charleston in Nevada, approximately 55 miles from Yucca Flats, Nev., where the test blast occurred, (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Planes Participate In 2nd Atomic Blast LAS VEGAS Nev. brilliant atomic explosion was touched off on the Nevada desert this morning with 53 12 intercontinental B36 bombers-flying on various missions overhead. The Energy Commission's terse announcement about said only that this was the first time declared. Shooting Explained It claimed that the U. S. plane shot at Soviet fighters that had taken off when the second alleged violation occurred and "for the purpose of self-defense one of the Soviet aircraft had to open fire." The "infringing" plane then turned and headed east from the Siberian coast, the Russians added. The U. S. had said that two Soviet MIGs suddenly appeared near the bomber as j.t was flying off Kamchatka about 100 miles northeast of the Petropovlovsk base. One jet stayed overhead but the other swooped down firing. The American tail gunner fired only after the Russian fighter opened with its guns, the U. S. Air Force declared. The American protest had de- manded disciplining of the Soviet pilot. It also called on the Russians to prevent recurrence of such in- cidents. Britain, Russia To Talk Over Jet Air Clashes LONDON (.T) Prime Minister Churchi'.1 announced today that Britain will accept Russia's offer of talks designed to avoid air clashes over Germany. Churchill disclosed acceptance of the proposal in an address to the House of Commons about the recent shooting down of an unarm ed British bomber by Soviet jet fighters near Hamburg. Seven British airmen lost their lives. Churchill said Gen. V. I. Chui- kov, head of the Soviet Control Commission in Germany, proposed two-power talks to avoid any fur- ther incidents accepted. and Britain had 100 Homes Vacated In Wausau Flood WAUSAU W Rescue workers using wailing fire sirens awakened a residential area on the southwest side of Wausau early today and evacuated some 15 families as ice- choked waters of the Wisconsin River roared through the streets. More than 100 homes were left vacant, some with water well up into the ground floors, as the river left its banks. Damage was esti- mated unofficially at about 000. Many persons were awakened from their sleep shortly after mid- night by the sound of the waters' rushing and the thump of ice cakes against buildings. Others were roused by firemen and police, who used boats to reach about 15 homes where the water was highest. n Clark in Hong Kong HONG KONG W Mark Clark, U. N. Far East commander, toured Hong Kong and the new territories today. The general and his wife are due to end their Southeast Asia tour Wednesday with a flight back to Tokyo. Ethiopians Heading For Korean Front ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia Emperor Haile Selassie today saw a new Ethiopian battalion on its way to Korea to replace the first Ethiopian battalion, which had been serving in Korea about two years. The fresh battalion left here by rail today for Djibouti, French So- maliland, where it will board an American naval transport. French Premier Heads for U.S. To Ask More Aid By PRESTON GROVER PARIS Rene Mayer and a large French delegation leave tonight for Washington, seek- ing U. S. help and to persuade America that France is not the weak link in the Western defense chain that she is sometimes painted. Several American officials are making the trip with the top-level aboard flight. They are due in the U. S. capital tomorrow for talks with President Eisenhower, Secretary of State Dulles and other top American, officials. Among other things, the French want: 1. More help in Indochina, where they have fought a six-year, wast- ing war with rebellious, Commu- nist-led jungle guerrillas. 2. More aid in Europe, where they have made up-and-down-hill progress toward regaining their position of prewar importance. 3. An immediate advance of 125 million dollars to meet their 1953 military schedules. 4. A long-term program of aid from America upon which the European countries can base their budgets, in place of year-to-year uncertainties about what Congress will do. From Eisenhower's first foreign aid bill, France would like in all about a billion dollars, instead of the approximately two-thirds of a billion she has had in one form or another during the past year. With the extra money, she says she could increase her Air Force 25 per cent, strengthen her Army from five top quality divisions and seven secondary ones to perhaps 10 or 12 first-class units. In addition, she could step up the training of Viet Namese soldiers to take over her fight in Indochina. 4 Airmen Killed In Plane Crash COLUMBIA, S. C. Air Force liaison squadron men were killed when their five-place plane fell apart in the air and plunged into a wooded hillside near here last night. The plane was on a round-trip training flight from Donaldson Air Force' Base at Greenville to Shaw Air Force Base at Sumter. It crashed on the return trip. Ronald Cowart, 14, an eyewit- ness, said one wing came off and the plane spiraled to earth. '..i such a large number of aircraft had participated in a test. The AEC said today's blast was fired from a 300-foot tower on the Yucca Flat proving ground 75 miles from here. There was no hint as to what the missions of the planes might be or where they are based. Today's shot appeared much brighter here than the one that opened the 1953 spring series last Tuesday. And its coral tinted cloud, which divided as it rose, seemed to ascend much faster. The AEC did not disclose the energy of today's blast or des- cribe the type of device being test- ed. Gambling Center But the sound of the explosion, which takes about seven minutes to reach this resort-gambling cen- ter, was not so loud as last week's. This was apparently due to atmos- pheric conditions, which govern how loud and strong a shock wave will be at a given point. Brig. Gen. William C. 3ullock, director of an army-maneuver in which troops were stationed in foxholes yards from ground zero, reported there were no cas- ualties. The AEC said animals, including pigs and rabbits, were exposed to the blast for a study of bio-chemi- cal effects. The Army also stationed sheep at varying distances from ground zero and announced the troops will get a look at the animals, when it is safe to enter the area, so soldiers can see what happens to living things not fully protected. Planes have been noted over the test range in previous eral explosions have been bomb- never in numbers to compare with the 53 announced today. The B36 is capable of car- rying an atom bomb cargo from this country to any target in the world. Observers said the flash of to- day's blast was one of the bright- est ever noted here, comparing with those in the first series in 1951. Presumably in view of the brighter flash and the fact troops were stationed about 500 yards far- ther explosion was more powerful than last week's. And presumably the weaker shock wave was due to different atmos- pheric conditions. Gl's Break Up Biggest Chinese Raid in Months Battle .Rages Over Three Key Korean Hills Senators to Scan FBI Bohlen Rl By GEORGE A. MCARTHUR SEOUL and Col- ombian troops broke the biggest Chinese attack in five months to- day in a savage battle for three key hills on the Western Korean Front. Early reports from the lines in- dicated close to 300 Chinese were killed or, wounded on Pork Chop, T-Bone and Old Baldy Hills along the Imjin Valley invasion route to Seoul. U. S. 7th Division soldiers cut out the heart of the attack by dawn, but the Reds held doggedly to one side of Old Baldy, still a churning battleground in the af- ternoon. It was not clear who held the chopped-up crest. Part of Battalion Part of the Colombian battalion with the 7th Division took the first blow on Old Baldy. Later U. S. infantrymen came up to help. The Chinese opened the battle along a six-mile strip last night with diversionary attacks on the Colombians just after dark. Three Red charges were beaten back. Then, at exactly 9 p.m., the Reds swung their Sunday punch. Three battalions charged from under roaring artillery against the hills. At T-Bone, the 17th Regiment beat the Reds back after two hours of bloody fighting. But at Pork Chop and Old Baldy the Chinese poured to the crests. They swept into trenches and bunkers held by the Americans and Colombians of the 31st Regi- j ment. Five Red tanks pulled to blast Pork Chop. Artillery and mortar shells crashed into the scarred hill. In the darkness, the Allied troops met the Reds hand to hand. They fought on the torn top of Pork Chip for three hours in smoke and roar of machine guns and burp guns and exploding ar- tillery. At dawn the Reds fled. But on Old Baldy the battle still raged for the top. American tanks opened up on the Reds and the Chinese laid a smoke screen to bring up rein- forcements. Allied big guns poured a thunderous barrage into the haze. White Horse Mountain Not since the battle for White j Horse Mountain last October have i the Reds hurled such reckless j large-sized attacks. The air war was quiet. Low clouds held many Allied warplanes on the ground. j Eighteen U. S. B29 Superforts! hammered two Red supply and j WILMINGTON, Calif. troop concentrations on the West I the caviar to the petit fours, every- Coast and two on the East Coast One watched what Harry S. Tru- Some Of The Crew Members and passengers of a Czech airliner who sought political asylum after an escape flight from Prague line up at the U. S. FraMurt Rhine-Main Airbase in Germany to- day. The uniformed pilot, Miroslav Slovak, 24, stood alongside the navigator's wife. At far left is the navigator. All except the pilot are unidentified. The airliner, on a scheduled flight from Prague to Brno Monday night, detoured and flew across The U. S. zone border of Germany to Frankfurt. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Hearings Started On T-H Labor Law WASHINGTON Senate Labor Committee today begins six weeks of hearings on revision of the controversial Taft-Hartley law despite a Democratic demand that the group wait for the Eisenhower administration's views. Chairman H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) and Sen. Taft Republican on the group, [decided to push ahead with the sessions even though Secretary of Labor Durkin has not made any recommendations. House hear- ings have been in progress for j over a month. Sen. Murray senior Democrat on the Senate commit- tee, said he thought it bad practice to proceed with the testimony until the administration is ready to Truman Fills Up At Spring Dinner On Pacific Liner in predawn strikes. j man was doing. In the battle for the hills, the j But the members of the Beverly Americans and Colombians fought I Hills Wine and Food Society didn't heroically. i emulate the former President. He Two Americans sealed in a bunk-1 ate heartily. They didn't do justice er on Pork Chop called in artil-1 to all the viands served at the lery on their own heads to clean! a-plate dinner, the peak of Reds all around them. Long before the wine and food They were rescued at dawn. I boys got to the main course (roast A lone tank atop old Baldy I sirloin of prime beef, Nipponaise) slugged it out with the streaming state what it wants. "But I was he .said. President Eisenhower has in- cluded Taft-Hartley revision on an 11-point program of legislation he wants in this session but has not spelled out suggestions for change. Taft, one of the authors of the 1947 labor-management relations law, has introduced amendments calling for 15 changes ia the law, two of them designed to meet e Assignment Given Taft And Sparkman Confirmation Seen Wednesday, McCarthy Conceding Defeat WASHINGTON W) The Senate Foreign Relations Committee de- cided today to have two senators examine FBI files on Charles F. [Chip) Bohlen, nominated for am- bassador to Moscow. The task was assigned to Sens. Taft (R-0) and Sparkman Taft, the Senate Republican lead- er, and Sparkman, the 1952 Demo- cratic vice presidential nominee, Doth are supporting Bohlen's ap- pointment. During hearings on Bohlen, Sec- retary of State Dulles gave the committee his evaluation of the material in the FBI files. He said there was nothing to raise doubts as to Bohlen from the standpoint of loyalty or security. But some critics of the appoint- ment have been insisting the sena- :ors themselves should look over this material. Taft suggested Monday during a torrid Senate debate on Bohlen that it might be well to have such an examination although Taft said he personally was perfectly willing to accept Dulles' appraisal of it. The Senate may reach a vote late Wednesday. Conceding Defeat And Sen. McCarthy a leader of the opposition, conceded that when the vote comes there may be only four or five votes against Bohlen, a career foreign service officer. Taft said an examination of the original reports made by FBI in- vestigators the unevaluated "raw" files-r-would be "a great protection to Bohlen" in clearing up rumors that he might have associated with immoral persons. Taft said such an evaluation could be ready when the Senate meets again Wednesday. McCarthy called this "an excel- 'Freedom Plane' With 2 9 Flees Czechoslovakia FRANKFURT, Germany UP) Four anti-Communist a a "freedom plane" out of their homeland Mon- day night after slugging the radio operator and grabbing the controls ac gunpoint. First details of the daring dash for freedom came from U. S. High Commissioner James B. Conant. i Conant said the pilot and three recall Bohlen for testimony before fellow conspirators refused to land the committee, the craft with 29 persons aboard ...McCarthy said he knew what original reports. Secretary of State Dulles presented a summary of the reports to the committee last week and said Bohlen was "a good loy- alty and security risk." Lie Detector McCarthy proposed that Bohlen be given a lie detector test on conterence in conn against him turned up this account of what i S? -DT tnu Today two others requested per- mission to live in the West. The other 23 will be returned to Czechoslovakia in the plane. They asked to go home. Escape Plan At a news conference in Bonn, Conant gave LWU ui ..uciu U0nant gave i objections to the present law j h d before the silver.hulied by the they were full. The guest of honor voiced by Eisenhower in the cam- j C47 put jown at Frankfurt's Rhine- wasn't. jpaign last year. [Main Air Base: j The occasion last night was the j Taft was the first witness sched- j escape plan was organized society's spring banquet. It was uled at today's Senate committee' held in the dining room of the SS hearing, but he said in advance ranks of Reds with one tread blown off. As a wounded Allied soldier staggered by, the tankers pulled him in and then buttoned up to shoot more. They were res-1 president Cleveland, aboard which! he planned only to make a gen- by a mechanic of the famed Skoda I cued by 7th Division troops. Farmer Pays Back Folks From Town DANVILLE, Ind: Circuit I sters, cherrystone dams, le fois Court jury sat back yesterday to gras de Strasbourg aux truffles and hear why Raymond E. Heald had j caviar and shrimp were featured. spent two years trymg to out Truman and his family sail for a eral statement on the history of a suitable plan. This mechanic had Honolulu vacation today. The reason Truman was going strong after his hosts had faed was this: He didn't stuff himself at the reception, where such delicacies as blue point oy- Ithe law. still i Following Taft was to be Thom- as E. Shroyer, Washington attor- ney and former adviser to the Re- publican members of the Senate Labor Committee. A statement Schroyer prepared for the com- mittee largely reviewed present served with the British RAF dur- ing the war. "They finally found the. pilot, Miroslav Slovak, 24, ready to help the them. The fourth person in on the FBI made a full investigation of Director J. Edgai 't favor such tests, but Mc- ___y disputed that. There has been no official dis- gathered Bohlen by FBI investigators, what interview- ers say, including rumor and gos: sip, without evaluating the infor- mation. Sen. Bridges (R-NH) said in an escape plot was a television engin eer. Only these four on the plane knfw what was going to happen provisions of the act. He said in wnen they tooij Og from prague on Bohlen but only a "hurried check." Taft disputed this and Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala) said the FBI had turned up more than 100 fflVQrSulfi tO BOnlGn Town Hall in Plainfield. the reception. Heald complained townsfolk have i So when dinner was called he dumped two basketsfull of tin cans! He had an oyster or two and held i many cases they gave employers regularly-scheduled flight to.Brno. s lavulaulE tu and beer bottles in front of the I on to the same drink all during rights which had been guaranteed i "When the plane was one half to four which were derogatory. only to labor unions under the j two-thirds of the way to Brno the Sparkman said that was a pretty former Wagner Act. pii0t gradually began to swing west high average for anybody. At the House hearings today A. and hedgehopped to the U. S. gen (R-Vt) told Mc- J. Hayes, president of the i Carthy he ought to give the new International Association of "When they came along the (Ger-IE i s e n h o wer administration a chinists, was critical of most i man-Czech) border near Munich to succeed, major Taft-Hartley provisions and two members of the escape plan have on trial a Republican been littering up his farm. was prepared to eat. He waited un- just gave them back what! til the oysters Mikado were cool, they've been giving me he said. I and then sailed into them. He liked _ _. i1_ _ I___J.T- ___3 The jury, including eight farm the broth, and the ebi-no-onigara- ers, acquitted him on a dumping 'yaki, imperatrice (lobster thermi- charge. Georgia's Oldest Triplets, all hale, working daily- beamed happily over their cake as they celebrated their 60th birthday in Marietta, Ga., in the midst of 40 kinfolks. Left to right are'Miss Debbie Dot Trappnell, Mrs. D. W. Hall and Mrs. H. L. Sanders. Mrs. Hall, mother of seven children, works at a hospital in Metter, Ga. The others work at retail stores in nearby Atlanta. (AP Wirephoto to The Eepublican-Herald) i, too. 'This was an appetizing dish and, with Liebfraumilch 1949 to wash it down, everyone soon made it disappear. But the beef, with bean sprouts, mushrooms and artichoke hearts, slowed down the gourmets from Beverly Hills, but not the gourmet from Independence. The former President gave every evidence of enjoying the salad, an endive with French dressing. The other diners toyed with theirs. He was one of the few in the room who ate petit fours, coffee, ice cream and cheese. Before sailing today Truman plays host at a reunion luncheon aboard ship for 10 Southern Cali- fornia fellow veterans of D Bat- tery, 129th' Field Artillery Regi- ment, 35th Division the battery Truman captained in World War I. April 9th Bataan Day MANILA Elpidio Quirino today proclaimed April 9 Bataan Day in commemoration of the heroic defense of Bataan by American and Filipino forces in World War II. Eataan, at the entrance to Ma- nila Bay, feu. to the Japanese early in the Pacific War. called for their repeal. The statements of Schroyer and Hayes agreed on one point: The law's present requirement that labor union officials must file non- Communist affidavits is of little use. Schroyer said the proviso was "presently serving little, if any, useful purpose." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly went to the cabin and slugged the radio operator. The co-pilot was forced to stay there. "Three members of the escape plan carried arms. The passengers secretary of state and. by implica- tion, the Republican President of the United Flanders de- clared. "I would just like to suggest to the junior senator from Wiscpn- were cot aware of what was sin that he give this administration going to happen until it came a chance and put the responsibility time to land. "The Skoda mechanic started talking to Frankfurt's Rhine-Main Airport and asked assurances for asylum for his group before the plane would land. About a half- hour after starting this conversa- tion, they were allowed to land on II U1.1U T -i f f 1 J H cloudy and somewhat colder to- the military side_of the field." night with snow flurries. Wednes- day fair. Low tonight 20, high Wed- nesday 32. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 42; minimum, 25; noon, 29; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 39 at noon Monday, min. 25 at a.m. today. Noon clouds scattered at feet and overcast at feet, wind 15 miles per hour from west southwest, barometer 29.85, steady, humidity 87 per cent. Queen Grandmother In Grave Condition LONDON (ffl Queen Mary's condition has become "more a medical bulletin an- nounced early this afternoon. The bulletin, posted at the gates the 85-year-old queen motber's residence, said: "During the past hours Queen Mary's condition has become more grave. There has been a serious weakening of the heart action which gives rise to increasing anx- iety." v on them." "I don't think the President is on McCarthy said. "He is doing an excellent batting average is very high." Wiley said, however, that oppo- nents of the nomination were "challenging the secretary of state, the attorney general and, in the last analysis, the President of the United States." Death Toll 246 In Turk Quake ISTANBUL, Turkey Minister Ethem Menderes told newsmen Monday night 246 persons were killed in the earthquake that struck Western Turkey last Wed- nesday. The minister recently re- turned from a tour of the quake- stricken area with President Celal Bayar. Previous newspaper reports had put the toll from last week's quake high as ;