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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 23, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Colder Tonight; Generally Fair Tuesday River Stage 14-Hour (Flood Stage 13) Today 7.25 .48 Year Ago 5.50 .07 VOLUME 53, NO. 29 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 23, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES APRIL QUOTA Minnesota, Wisconsin Among 41 States to Draft 19-Year-Olds Wearing A Navy Immersion Suit ana a jiymg helmet, Adlai Stevenson, Democratic presidential nominee donned a Mae West life jacket as he prepared for a flight from Seoul to the Carrier Oriskany off the Korean Coast. Helping him at right is Lt. John Holloway of Chula Vista, Calif., pilot of the Navy dive bomber which took Stevenson to the carrier. At left is Capt. George C. Fee, aide to Lt. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor. Stevenson visited Korea on his cur- rent Far East tour. CAP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) More Aggressive Stand on Korea Urged by Van Fleet WASHINGTON sentiment for a more aggressive stra- legy in the deadlocked Korean War was evident today among sen- >tors who heard Gen. James A. Van Fleet detail his complaints that American forces there don't have enough ammunition. Van Fleet, recently retired after nearly two years as Allied field By RAY HENRY WASHINGTON Iff) Forty-one states will draft 19-year-olds for military duty next month, and two others may have to, an Associated Press survey showed today. For 14 these 41 states, it will be the first draft of 19-year-olds since World War II, The survey of state selective service directors also found that all but two and South will be taking 19-year-olds in May. The Alabama director said it will be June, perhaps later, before any will be drafted in his state. The South Carolina director said he didn't know when. The other three states that won't take 19-year-olds in April are Maryland, Vermont and Virginia. New Jersey and Tennessee direc- tors said "maybe not." April Quotas Thirteen states plan to call 19- year-olds to fill at least 50 per cent of their April draft quotas. Probably the biggest number will come from Illinois where the state director estimated the "bulk" of a quota would be 19-year-olds. Pennsylvania will need about of a quota. California comes third with about of The April draft quota for the whole country is The present draft age is ISVi to 26. Draft boards have been tak- ing first the oldest men they have. I Until January state directors had j been ordered to take no 19-year- olds. i The actual number of 19-year- olds the states need to fill April TODAY commander in Korea, called for harder-hitting attacks on the Reds. But he said he doubts United Na- tions forces have enough ammuni- tion to repel any major offensive the Communists might mount. "Sure, if there is a sitdown and no Van Fleet said, "there is no ammunition requirement; therefore, no shortage." But, he added, "should the en- emy start something, which is un- I predictable, then do we have I enough to meet his offensive, and Ike Set for Showdown On Bohlen By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP the State Department, Charles E. Bohlen is currently called "Jenkins1 Ear." It may seem an odd name for I mony heard by the Senate Armed _ n Services Committee behind closed President Eisenhower's recently doors earlier ttis month A trans. nominated ambassador to Moscow, j crjpt] security information de- but the historical allusion is apt I leted, was made public by the all the same. j committee last night. Jenkins was the British sea cap-i Sen, Symington former tain whose pickled ear brought on! secretary of the Air Force, asked a war between England and Spain. I Van Fleet if he thought "our pilots The international situation was should have the right of 'hot pur- Van Fleet said stocks were so low at times that he issued or- ders to cut down on artillery fire, and that the troops "have to be in trouble in order to shoot" the heavier mortar and howitzers. The general spoke out in testi- pretty tense anyway when the Spanish government, having cap- tured Jenkins and his ship, cropped his ear as punishment for alleged free-booting in Spanish waters. Jenkins saved the ear, salted it and brought it back to London where it was shown in the House of Com- mons as evidence of the evil deeds attacking. suit' across the "I certainly the general re- plied. "So do said Symington. Sen. Flanders (R-Vt) suggested at one point that the ammunition supplies may have been used as "a leash" to keep Van Fleet from of Spain. Sir Robert Walpole, Saying the "bloody stalemate" the first I is an outrageous position, Flan- prime minister of England, did not ders said; "Let us do something give a snap of his fingers for Jen- j now." kins, and did not want a war. But j Van Fleet replied he favors "hav- the ear and the outcry it provoked jng it out with Russia, and I mean were too strong for the peace-lov-1 an understanding with Russia; I quotas, the AP varies widely. Massachusetts, survey showed, with quota, will need "substantially all" 19-year-olds, as will Arizona with a 243 quota, the District of Colum- bia with a 218 quota and Oregon with a 350 quota. Following States Lake City Man Hit by 2 Cars Near La Crosse Peter Stuhr, 66, Killed on Highway; Coroner Checking LAKE CITY, Lake City man who stepped from a train near here two' years ago moments before the train killed his brother in a crossing collision died a vio- lent death Saturday night six miles northeast of La Crosse. Peter Stuhr, 66, died in a La Crosse County hospital only min- utes after he was knocked to the pavement by one automobile and run over by a second on Highway 14 near Medary. Coroner Investigate! Dr. George Reay, Onalaska, La Crosse County coroner, said Stuhr was struck by a car driven by Carl E. Schliebe, West Salem, Wis., and run over by a vehicle driven by Paul Belke, Cataract, Wis. Blood samples of the dead man and from Schliebe and Belke have been sent to Milwaukee for analysis of possible alcohol cpn- tent, Dr. Reay said this morning. When results of the test are known Tuesday or Wednesday coroner's inquest will be sched- uled. Stuhr had called at the home of a niece, Mrs. Betty Bowman, near Medary, and was returning on foot to the home of his son, W. R. Stuhr, when the accident occurred. La Crosse County highway police and Dr. Reay investigated. The officials said the Schliebe au- tomobile was traveling southwest toward La Crosse when it struck the pedestrian. Schliebe ran to a tavern nearby and called county police. As he returned to his au- tomobile, he told the officers, he saw the Belke car strike and drag Stuhr's body. Belke was travel- ing toward Sparta. Ike Stand 'Chip1 Only Smouldering Uprights remain of Stable 22 at Jamaica Race Track in Jamaica, N. Y., after a flash fire that destroyed at least five race horses. Several other horses were reported missing. About 500 thoroughbreds, including some of the country's leading winners, are quartered at the track, awaiting the April 1 opening of the Jamaica racing season. Track officials estimated the damage to the barn amounted to and the horses were valued at another (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Stuhr's brother, Henry, 52, was killed April 15, 1951, when his pick- Eleven Indiana, up truck was struck by. the after- Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi, Ne- noon Hiawatha less than a block braska, Missouri, North Dakota, I from his home on the north side 'Big Name' Chairman May Succeed Roberts ing Walpole. War with Spain had to be declared rather shortly. Like Open War Change the names around, giv- ing Bohlen the role of the salted ear; and you have approximately the story of the relations between Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy and the Eisenhower administration. The nomination of Bohlen as ambassa dor to Moscow has transformed what was always a tense situation Into a situation of open war. In certain pompous quarters, previous reports of possible trouble between the Eisenhower admin- istration and Sen. McCarthy have been ignorantly dismissed as mere trouble-making. But as these words written, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles has accused Ben. McCarthy's particular friend end ally. Sen. Pat McCarran, of in- dulging in untruth. Sen. McCarthy has countered by calling Secretary Dulles a liar, almost in so many words. This is war, and no mis- take about it. Named Bridges Aide It is a war that Secretary Dulles President Eisenhower went to great and perhaps unwise lengths to avoid. When Sen. Mc- Carthy renewed his attack on the State Department immediately after the inauguration, he was not brusquely reminded, as he might have been, that his own party was now running the State Depart- ment. Instead, the department, urged on by the White House, made a series of considerable con- cessions to McCarthy. One of the most important of (Continued on Page 13, Column 4) ALSOPS hope a peaceful understanding. I do not mean a .shooting war." Sen. Case (R-SD) said the corn- hearings proved that West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wy- a-.small percentage of their quotas will be 19-year-olds. In the following states, over 50 per cent of the listed quotas will be 19-year-olds: Arkansas, 940 quota; Michigan, New Hampshire, 151; Ne- vada, 48; New Mexico, 280; Rhode Island, 197, and Texas, In the following, about 25 per cent of the quotas will be 19-year- olds: Florida, about 850 quota; Idaho, 248 quota; Kansas, 749 quota; Ken- tucky, quota and Louisiana 892 quota. North Carolina expects to take 700 of a quota; Okla- homa, 500 of quota, and Colo- rado, 100 of 336 quota. No estimate of the number was made for Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Montana, Ohio, South Da- kota, Utah or Washington, but each of them will be taking some 19- year-olds. Baruch Urges Stand-By Curbs WASHINGTON M. Baruch said today that if war comes and finds the government unprepared to clamp on immedi- ate economic controls, "there will not be a person alive who will not bitterly rue this tragic, needless neglect." Urging that the administration and Congress get together on a stand-by economic controls or that Congress do it alone if New York financier to presidents said: of Lake City. Peter Stuhr had been a passenger on the train and had just left the train at Lake City. Funeral Wednesday Funeral services will be Wed- nesday at 2 p.m. at the Peterson Sheehan Funeral Home, the Rev. Lloyd Asp, pastor of the Lake City Methodist Church, offi- ciating. Burial will be in Lake- wood Cemetery, Lake City. Stuhr was born May 26, 1886, in Goodhue County. He had been a lifetime resident of Lake City. He had been employed at Gillette I WASHINGTON Repub- licans are discussing the possi- bility of replacing C. Wesley Roberts with a "big name" chair- man of the GOP National Commit- tee. This suggestion has come pri- marily from associates of Sen. include children in Lake City; the son who lives near La Crosse; his wife who is a pa- tient in a Rochester hospital, and three sisters, Mrs. Herman Ken- ning, Lake City, and Mrs. Frank King and Mrs. Frank Kilby, both of St. Paul, ROKs Roast Red Bunkers By GEORGE A. McARTHUR SEOUL Iff) South Korean raid- ers roasted Red bunkers and trenches with homemade jellied- gasoline bombs today in two hit and run raids on the Far Eastern Korean Front. The troops counted a dozen dead North Koreans and more were be- lieved caught in the scorched bunk- ers, the U. S. Eighth Army report- have a sitdown policy in the Ko- Tne next war-and all of us rean War" and he added: i Prav jt wil1. be likely American people are getting sick and tired of this kind of a situa- to explode in a big smash. Cities may be all but obliterated. Who i knows where Congress will be? ed. The deadly, jerry-built bombs Bernard Baruch, center, got rapt attention from his brother, Sailing, left, and Sen. Harry F. Byrd right, before a hear- ing of the Senate Banking Committee today in Washington at which Baruch warned of the dangers of failure to enact stand-by economic controls. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) were metal ammunition boxes filled with jelly-like napalm, the clinging core used in aerial firebombs. The ROK'S popped their fire- boxes into Red positions on two craggy hills held by two North Korean platoons. Only small clashes were reported elsewhere along the West Front, soaked by a night of rain. The heavy weather pinned down Allied warplanes this -morning, but later Sabre jets flew over North- west Korea in a fruitless MIG- hunting swing, WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and colder tonight with diminishing winds. Tuesday gen- j erally fair and continued rather I cold. Low tonight 34, high. Tues-1 day 44. I LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 241 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 67; minimum, 38; noon, 56; precipitation, .66. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 60; minimum, 35; noon, 38; precipitation, .54; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Maximum temperature 59 at p. m. Sunday; minimum 35 at a. m. today. Noon broken at feet, overcast at visibility 12 miles; wind 16 miles per hour from southwest with snow showers; gusts up to 32 miles per hour; barometer 29.63, rising; humidity 82 per cent. Governor, Groups Study Problem of Teacher Shortage ST. PAUL Iff) An extraordinary conference called by Gov. Ander- son today brought together school authorities, civic leaders, parents and representatives of labor, church and farm groups to con- sider steps to relieve an alarming shortage of elementary school teachers. i "We are looking toward a dan- i gerous elementary teacher short- 1 dangerous in fact, that it is conceivable that there simply will not be enough teachers to handle the number Of pupils in our Gov. Anderson told the group at the opening of the conference. The governor suggested that) communities should provide schol-' arships which would, in turn, offer incentive for high school students to go into teaching. Further, he said, some communities would abandon restrictions which keep married women from teaching if the public is aware of the problem. A recommendation also was made by Gov. Anderson that a standing lay-committee be created to make itself aware of new devel- opments in the critical situation to acquaint the public with the prob- lem. F. R. Adams, teacher personnel director in the state Department of Education, said the situation is so alarming that the schools will need about new elementary teach- ers each year if teachers continue to leave the profession at the rate they have been in the last few years. "This is more than twice as many new teachers as will be completing the programs of preparation for elementary teaching from all Min- nesota colleges and universities this Adams said, Bill Asks Raises For State Teachers ST. PAUL W) Minimum sal- aries for school teachers based on the number of years of experience, with automatic raises each year, are provided in a bill introduced in the Legislature today by Rep. Lor- en Rutter of Kinney. Rutter said that enactment of his measure would help solve the critical teacher shortage in Minne- sota. Rutter's bill would provide that a starting teacher would' get a year with an annual increment of not less than for each year of experience up to and including 12 years. Teachers with two years exper- ience would receive with an annual raise of not less than three years, with at least a year raise; four years, 250, with a raise of not less than annually up to 12 Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) but also is being -discussed privately by national committee members who are friends of Roberts and were prenomination backers of Presi- dent Eisenhower. Roberts became GOP chairman after the November election, suc- ceeding Arthur E. Summerfield, who became postmaster general. Roberts has been under fire in Kansas for his part in the 1951 sale of a fraternal insurance organ- ization's building to the state. The national chairman said he got an fee for public relations work in the sale but denied he lobbied among legislators for it. Roberts, a former Kansas Re- publican state chairman and an early worker in the Eisenhower presidential campgain, has ac- cused a Kansas City Star reporter of distorting the story of his fee. The reporter, Alvin McCoy, replied he wrote only the facts. Roberts' national committee friends think he will be given a clean bill in a report soon by the Kansas Legislative Investigating Committee. Some witnesses told the com- mittee the building, on state prop- erty, either already belonged to Kansas or would revert to the state if the insurance company aban- doned it. Some of Roberts' friends concede a clean bill from the legislators may not be enough to head off any future move to replace him as GOP national chairman. This is based, in part, on the theory that Democrats will continue to try to make political capital out of the Kansas inquiry. Aside from the Kansas case, however, some Republicans appar- ently feel Roberts hasn't the national reputation to big contributions and to command headlines Five Race Horses Die in Jamaica Race Track Fire NEW YORK Iff) At least five race horses were dead today af- ter a flash'.fire leveled.a barn at Jamaica race track, the third fire at a New York, track and 10th in the country since last May. Firemen, who kept the blaze from spreading to barns housing about 500 thoroughbreds getting ready for the track's April 1 opening, could find only five char- red carcasses last night in the ruins of Barn 22. Tecplete, which won his only start in impressive fashion at Santa Anita, appeared to be the most valuable horse lost. Among those saved was In tent, twice winner of the rich San Juan Capistrano Handicap at Santa Anita, who was found racing around the track all alone in the dark. Intent and four others, Fleeting Owl, Last Round, High Chief and Benhadar, raced wildly about the track area to get away from the fire. Cost of Practical Joke Sure Costly GREEN BAY, Wis. W-Ber- nard Loch, a tavern keeper here, is something of a prac- tical joker. He put a sign in the tavern window saying "We will pay for 1947 pennies." Get it? That's for one thousand, nine hundred and forty-seven pennies, or in coppers. But Loch forgot to explain the joke to his bartender. Now he's out and has only a couple of 1947 pennies to show for it. Secretary Of .State John Foster Dulles, left, and Chairman Alexander Wiley (R-Wis) of the state foreign relations committee, talked earnestly in a state department corridor as controversy flared over the nomination of Charles E. Bohlen as ambassador to Russia. Wiley sat in as Dulles held a news conference, the latter disputing a charge of Sen. McCarran (D-Nev) that Bohlen's ap- pointment was cleared over objections from state department security officer. Between them is Assistant Secretary of State Carl McCardle. (AP Wirephoto) Senate Debating Nomination of Envoy to Russia McCarthy Wants Showdown Vote on Diplomat Delayed By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Sen. Taft (R-Ohio) reported today that Pres- ident Eisenhower is standing pat on his nomination of Charles E. (Chip) Bohlen to be ambassador to Russia. Taft, the Senate majority leader, and Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) of the foreign relations committee had a private meeting with Eisenhower after the regular Monday morning conference of GOP congressional leaders with the President. Afterward, Taft told newsmen there had been "no change" in the position of the President, Wiley, or himself on the controversial nomination. "We are going right ahead with Taft said. He added that Sen- ate debate would get under way later in the day. The nomination has been under fire by GOP Sens. McCarthy of Wisconsin and Bridges of New Hampshire. It also has been sharp- ly criticized by Democratic Sen. McCarran of Nevada. House Speaker Martin (R-Mass) said there was no discussion of Bohlen at the regular legislative conference. Opposition Renewed But Bridges, another of those in attendance, renewed his opposition in a statement read into newsreel and television microphones as the meeting broke up. He and other opponents still were .fighting a rear- guard action. Sen. McCarran (D-Nev) said he has a "chestful" of information for his colleagues about Bohlen, .and Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) was ask- ing for a delay in a showdown vote. Both have demanded closer scrutiny of an FBI security check- up on the appointee's background. Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas, the Democratic leader, predicted that a substantial majority of his party members will join with most of the Republicans to confirm Boh- len. Won't Demand Vote Sen. Taft of Ohio, the Republi- can leader, said he won't demand a vote today but indicated he wants action by midweek at the latest. He said the appointment may come up for discussion at the weekly meeting of congressional leaders with President Eisenhower today. Taft'.s attitude indicated Bohlen's critics-won't have much luck in efforts to recall Secretary of State Dulles and to get testimony from R. W. Scott MeLeod, State Depart- ment security officer. McCarthy and McCarran have contended Dulles cleared Bohlen over McLeod's objection when the secretary appeared before the Sen- ate Foreign Relations Committee, which approved Bohlen, 15-0, last week. Dulles said in testimony re- leased yesterday that he cleared Bohlen when MeLeod "did not wish to take the responsibility" and passed the case on up to him. Sen. McCIellan not a foreign relations committee mem- ber, said MeLeod should be sum- moned" to "speak for himself." But Dulles said he doesn't think securi- ty officers, "whose primary job is to raise doubts and find out sus- picious circumstances, are the per- sons who should have final respon- sibility in matters of this kind." McCarthy, who accused Dulles of giving an "untrue" account of McLeod's views on Bohlen, charged MeLeod had been "ordered" not to show up Saturday at a meet- ing of the Senate's permanent in- vestigating committee, which Mc- Carthy heads. Efforts by news- men to reach MeLeod have been unavailing. Dulles characterized Bohlen, a 48-year-old career officer who speaks Russian and is a specialist on Soviet affairs, as "a good secur- ity and loyalty risk." President Eisenhower has said Bohlen was a good appointee. Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala) said those statements ought to be enough. "If the President and the secre- tary of state say 'this is an honor- able man' and 15 members of the foreign relations committee all vote for him after hearing the de- rogatory information turned up in the FBI investigation, he ought Hi be Sparkman said. ;