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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 21, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Windy, Cooler Tonight With Thundershowers River Stage J M-Heor (Flood Stigi 13) Today 5.94 .42 Year Ago 5.73 .09 VOLUME 53, NO. 28 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY-EVENING, MARCH 21, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES in Ai r This Sedan, parked behind house No. 1 in Tuesday's atomic test at the Atomic Energy Proving Grounds at Yucca Flats, Nev., suffered damage but not in comparison with the broken and smashed two-story frame house, part of which has fallen over on the car. The house and the car were feet from the detonation point of the bomb. Additional pictures showing the one of house in the test being shattered appear on Page 5. The recent blast was a Civil Defense Authority's experiment to discover the effects of an atomic explosion on civilian life and.goods. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) 5 MIGs Shot Down, 7 Others Damaged By GEORGE A. MCARTHUR SEOUL Sabre jets today shot dowji- five .Communist MIGs and damaged seven others in the skies over North Korea. il_ i__Al_ Tttnfn UstnnTviA Germans Shot British Bomber, Soviet Claims BERLIN report reached Berlin from the Soviet zone today that the jet fighters which shot down a British bomber March 12 were piloted by Germans. The Spandauer Volksblatt, a con- servative British sector newspaper, said it had learned of the report from East German contacts. Allied airmen were unable to either confirm or deny that the Russians may be training East German Communist "air police" in flying the MIGlSs. Farmer and 9 of Family Killed in Car-Truck Crash WASHINGTON, N. J. UPI-A 32- year-old dairy farmer and nine members of his family lost their lives in a head-on highway crash sisted it was necessary in case last night as they were on their way to do the weekly shopping. Their 1953 sedan was crumpled in a collision with a trailer truck on a two-lane highway in Warren Governor Gets Bill to End Rent Controls House Votes to Require Cooking of Garbage for Hogs By JACK MACKAY ST. PAUL UP) Rent controls will end in Minnesota April 30 if Governor Anderson signs a bill passed by the Legislature. The bill, which received final House approval late Friday, is expected to reach the gov ernor's desk by Monday. The governor has three days in which to sign or veto the meas- ure. Otherwise it becomes law with- out his signature. The governor has not indicated what position he would take. The federal rent control act ex- pires April 30, but backers of the state decontrol measure in- r -t State police said it was one of the worst traffic accidents in the history of New Jersey. Congress decides to extend the federal law. The state act takes effect April 15, but controls would not be lifted until elapse of a 15-day period in which the president is to be noti- Nordin'i Motion The vote in the .House was 67- 57, only one vote more than the necessary majority of 66 needed for passage. To prevent the bill from coming up again, Rep. John Nordin of Columbia Heights moved Two American pilots downed their tenth MIGs and became dou- Another son, Raymond, the only ble aces during the furious air battles. Cant. Manuel Fernandez Jr., of Miami, Fla., and Capt. Harold VST__1____T_ OiT.ylrt To Killed outright were Clarence Matlock, who operated a 60-cow dairy farm in rural Silver Lake, rec0nsideration and asked N. J., his wife, Alma; three daugh- j House mmbers to vote against his ters, Ester, 10, Joan, 5, and Rose- mary, 2; a son, Clarence Jr., 1, his mother, Elizabeth, 75, and his two sisters, Grace, 48, and Mary, 50. TODAY Mystery In Red Intentions By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON most like- ly explanation for the rash of shooting incidents on the Soviet air borders lies in a significant mo- ment of the recent past. It was the time after the Inchon victory, when Gen. of the Army Douglas MacArthur hadv given President Truman what amounted to a promise that the Chinese Com- munists would not intervene in Ko- rea. Every outward appearance supported Gen. MacArthur's con- viction. In July and August, a couple of Chinese divisions would have been enough to tip the balance against our own hard-pressed forces. If they had intervened then, the U.N. armies might have been thrown out of Korea. In early September, a couple of Chinese divicions could have stopped the U.N. invasion of North Korea. The mere announce- ment of a "preventive occupation" would have brought a U. N. verdict against crossing the 38th Parallel. Experts Disagreed Gen. MacArthur reasoned that if the Chinese had already thrown away such opportunities, they would not enter the Korean fight- ing when Pyongyang was in our hands and the North Korean arm- ies had utterly disintegrated. For once, in a way, former Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson agreed with Gen. MacArthur. When the Indian Ambassador at Peking, Sar- dar Panikkar, sent anguished warnings against a drive to the Yalu River, Acheson ridiculed the warnings and their author. So far as i? known, only three leading American officials argued for the course that now, by hind- sight, looks so brilliantly consolidation of our forces on the narrow North Korean where we would now give our eye- teeth to be. One was former Sec- retary of the Air Force, Thomas Finletter, who merely pointed out that we had won what we had set out to win, and had better be satis- fied. The other two were the chief American experts on the Soviet Union, Charles E. Bohlen and George F, Kennan. Kennan and Bohlen admitted it was logical to think the Chinese would not come in. They said they could not give solid reasons for their view. But they still maintained that the mas- ters of the Kremlin and their satel- lite leaders had a neurotic sensi- tivity about their borders. Going to the Yalu, they warned, was get- (Continued sn Page 13, Column 8) ALSOPS Fischer Jr., of Swea City, each raised his MIG destruction score to ten, the Fifth Air Force saifl, Fernandez shot down two MIGs today while Fischer shot down one. On the ground, there were only sporadic clashes between mud caked soldiers "as steady rain soaked the 155 mile battlefront un- til near dawn. Allied fighter bombers sliced through clearing skies to strafe and bomb the Communist front and just behind the Red lines. Twenty American superforts blasted Red troop and supply cen- ters in North Korea during dark- ness. Seven of the B-29s bombed tar- gets southeast of Pyongyang and six others hit north of the Red capital. The six superforts, flying north member of the family taken from the car alive, died in a Warren hospital early this his eighth birthday. Two men in the truck escaped uninjured. They were the driver, John Scarantino of Scranton, Pa., and the owner, Lawrence Butler of Dunmore, Pa, Scarantino, dazed and horror- stricken, was booked at state po- lice barracks here on a technical charge of causing death by auto. Butler told police his truck was following a coal truck going north on the highway when the coal truck put on its brakes and pulled over to the right shoulder of the road. Then they saw a car coming straight at them, Butler said, and Scarantino pulled across the left lane onto the left shoulder to try to avoid the car. But the car also pulled for the same shoulder, Butler reported, of Pyongyang dropped bombs j and the vehides collided. S nni A short time after the accident, stacks at Sinm on the mam rail and road network from Manchuria south to the front. First Lt. Richard P. Guidrez, Raymond_ headed for Washington's shopping center, came upon the wreck on the highway. He said the family always made a Friday night shopping trip to this community and this trip was a special occasion because it was the eve of young Raymond's birth- day. .j Relatives said Matlock's mother up. With one MIG down and by 70 grandchildren. other damaged, the Reds broke off' the fight and fled. MIG claims, his first of the war. He got the first MIG and sent flames streaming out of ths Red's another MIG that was on the tail of his flight Area Voting Southeastern Minnesota repre- sentatives lined up as follows on the rent decontrol bill: To end Ander son, Preston; George Daley, Lew- iston; Lloyd Duxbury, Caledonia; Frank Furst, Lake City; C. G. Langley, Red Wing; Leo D. Mad- den, Eyota; Teman Thompson, Lanesborq. Not D. McGill, Wi- nona. In the vote on cooking of gar- bage, John Daley, Lewiston, fa- vored passage, and John D. Me Gill, Winona, -was reported not voting. motion. Nordin's motion, as he desired, was defeated 66-51. Minority leader Fred Cina, Aur ora, read a telegram from four -Minneapolis families stating they had been notified by their land- lord that their rents would be raised from to if rents are decontrolled. Rep. Vernon Welch, Minneapolis chief author, pointed out that 13 states have already enacted sim- ilar legislation. The House passed a bill by Rep. G q d o n Forbes, Worthington, which provides that no garbage shall be fed to livestock or poultry until it has been thoroughly heated to at least 212 degrees for a con- tinuous period of at least 30 min- utes. Forbes claimed the measure was aimed at protecting against vesicular exanthem, a hog malady. Two strong candidates for elec- (Continued on Page 13, Column 7.) GOVERNOR This Is The Wreckage of a 1953 Chevrolet that crashed head-on into a tractor-trailer two miles north of Washington, N. J., Friday night, bringing instant death to the driver, Clarence Matlock; his wife; four of their children, Aged 1 to 10; Matlock's mother, and two sisters, all of Biairstown, N. J. A fifth, child died today. The truck driver was unhurt. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) A Steel Helmet and shoe lie on the ground, fower right, beside a twisted mass of metal that was once an airplane before it crashed and burned Friday night as it made its approach to land at the Oakland, Calif., airport. The plane smashed into a plowed field, 20 miles south Oakland, killing 30 Air Force personnel and a civilian crew of 5, including two women. The servicemen were headed for duty overseas. (AP Wirephoto to The .Republican-Herald) Ike Rejecting Increase In Military Budget WASHINGTON UP The Eisen- hower administration apparently has turned thumbs down on pro- posals for a sizable increase in former President Truman's military spending pro- gram. Informed members of Congress interpreted Secretary of Defense Wilson's statement' yesterday that there will be no boost in the Truman defense ruling out recommendations left on Pres- ident Eisenhower's desk when Tru- raan quit the White House. As described by the legislators, these recommendations involved a several billion dollar boost in de- fense spending in the two years beginning July 1. Their disclosure recently to a group of congression- al White House visitors caused some leaders to comment publicly at the time that the military pic- ture was "grim." The National Security Council is reported to have approved the pro- posed additions, but Truman was said to 'have taken no action on them in his final days in office, leaving the decision to Eisenhower. Lawmakers said it was their understanding the added money would be used to rescind stretch- out orders in particularly critical items, such as the new B52 jet bombers. No Discussion Wilson did not discuss these recommendations at his news con- ference yesterday nor did he view the military picture as particularly grim. He said he wishes the country were better prepared than it is, but he commented: "I don't think any of us should lay awake nights for fear we are going to be blasted into eternity tomorrow morning." Still, he added, it might be well to "keep in a reasonable posi- tion to meet the Maker." Wilson said he believes reduc- tions can be made in manpower and spending without weakening combat strength. He forecast a reduction by July 1 of the 3V4 million persons now in uniform. Eisenhower has said in the past that the best defense force may not necessarily be the largest. The President told his news conference Thursday that the nation can't afford to reduce its combat strength, but savings could be made in administrative costs. Wilson disclosed that the monthly rate of defense spending had been frozen at the January level of nearly four billion dollars, adding that he hopes the rate will not go up. He said also he hopes draft calls, now running about a month, can be reduced. It seemed apparent from Wil- son's talk about spending cuts that no huge new outlays for atomic defenses are in the works indi- cating he sees no ominous devel- opments that might force the U. S. info, expensive girding for atomic attack. Study Cited The secretary said he had heard of a study prepared by the Massa- chusetts Institute of Technology which put the cost of an atomic defense net at 16 to 20 billion dol- lars. He said it was under review but he expected no early action, Wilson said there is no change in the military posture of Russia, as a result of Joseph Stalin's death and succession by Premier Georgi Malenkov, that would call for re- vision of administration plans to cut defense spending. Along this line. Secretary of State Dulles told his new confer- ence yesterday the U. S. has had no overtures from the Soviet gov- ernment through diplomatic chan- nels. Malenkov Gives Up Post as Secretary By THOMAS P. WHITNEY MOSCOW Minister Georgi M. Malenkov, new chief of the Soviet government, has resigned his post as secretary of the Russian Communist party's powerful Central Committee. A five-man Secretariat, headed, by former Ukrainian party boss Nikita S. Khrusb- chev, takes over. The change was announced today, by Pravda, the party's news- paper. It said a plenary session of the Central Committee accepted resignation March 14. Malenkov's The announcement made it clear that the 53-year-old Khrushchev, who gained a reputation for firm policies in the Ukraine, will de- vote his full time to the task of .administering the party. He willj operate under the leadership of the committee's 10-member 'Pres- idium, which is still headed by Malenkov. The new set-up will allow Mal- enkov to concentrate full attention on his post as prime minister. The four other members of the new Secretariat were listed probably in their order of impor- Mikhail Suslov, 51, former party leader in the North Caucasus and Lithuanian republic and recently editor-in-chief of Pravda. Peter Pospelov, ex-Pravda editor who long headed the Marx-Engels- Lenin Institute as a leading theore- tician of the Red party. Nikolai Shatalin, recently a can- didate to the Secretariat. Sevyon Ignatiev, 49, veteran party worker and former deputy in the Moscow Soviet. Today's shakeup in the party Secretariat was the third within six months. The Moscow announcement ap- peared to explain why Khrushchev was given no ministry in the Mal- enkov government although he ranked high enough in the new Kremlin pyramid of power to be listed directly after the five deputy premiers cabinet. making up the inner Under the one-party Soviet sys- tem, control of the Communist organization means control of the government. Giving up the administrative post does not mean that Malenkov of the party's has relinquished party. As chief control of the Presidium, he still is boss. Actually he has apparently tight- ened his grip on the organization by placing in command five men who can be considered bis lieuten- ants. CENTRALIA, III. his 80th birthday Robert T. McMillan won- dered if he now may be the oldest active railroad engineer in the U. S. His family came to Centralia, 111., 100 years ago to help the Illinois Central Railroad get start- ed. He now has a passenger run between Cairo, 111-, and Centralia. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy and windy with occasional thunder- showers tonight, possibly severe early tonight. Sunday generally fair with diminishing wind. Cooler late tonight and Sunday. Low to- night 32, high Sunday 48. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 61; minimum, 33; noon, 50; precipitation, 18; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Max. temp. 57 at p. m. Fri- day, min. 42 at a, m.' today. Noon readings sky overcast at feet, wind calm, visibility 12 miles, barometer 29.44 falling, hu- midity 80 per cent. Chinese Reds Capture U.S. Sailing Boat HONG KONG Wl A 42-foot sailing boat flying the American flag and carrying two U. S. news and radio correspondents and five others was captured Saturday (Hong Kong time) by a Chinese Communist armed vessel between Hong Kong and Macau, the Royal Navy Observatory said tonight. The craft was towed-toward Com- munist controlled Lapsamai Island, 16 miles west of Hong Kong, the navy reported. The craft was believed to be the yacht Kert, owned by U. S. news- paper and radio correspondent Richard Applegate of Medford, Ore, Applegate, accompanied by In- ternational News Service Corres- pondent Don Dixon left Hong Kong Saturday morning on a projected one day sail to Macau. They planned to pick up International News Photo Service photographer David Cicero at Macau for the return trip. The other five passengers were not identified but reportedly in- cluded a reservist in the U. S. Navy. It was not immediately clear whether the boat was on its way to Macau or returning to Hong Kong at the time of capture. It was about five miles off Lantao Island. A Fireman Assisted a woman down a ladder from fourth floor of blazing Chestnut Hotel in Chicago. Three men, a woman, and a child, all unidentified died in the fire. Fire, which started in the basement, caused damage estimated by fire officials at (AP Wirephoto) Flames Consume Big 4-Engine Passenger Ship Craft Carrying Air Force Men From New Mexico OAKLAND, Calif. inves- Jgation was launched today into the flaming crash last night of a four-engine plane which carried 35 passengers and crewmen to their deaths. The 30 passengers were Air Force personnel from a Kbs- well, N. M., base bound for Far East. The crew included the company's chief pilot, Harvey Rodgers, 41, ef Lafayette, Calif. He is survived by his wife and three children. The plane, a Transocean Air Lines DC4, struck a hill near De- coto just a few minutes after it cleared for a landing with the Oak- land Airport. Decoto is the area of California's worst air 50 killed in the crash of a United Air Lines plane under similar cir- cumstances Aug. 24, 1951. That plane, too, was about to land. Alameda County Sheriff's Capt. Richard E. Condon at the scene of the Transocean crash said there, were no survivors. Eyewitnesses said the aircraft, flying through a drizzle, smashed into the hill, broke into bits and then burst into flames. Mrs. Henry Andrade, who only 300 yards from the crash scene, said she heard a crash and then a series of explosions. She ran as close to the burning plane as she could. "I saw men with their clothei on on the ground- some trying to get up, staggering, falling back into the flames." Alameda County sheriff's of- ficers said bodies could be seen burning within the portion of the fuselage that remained intact. Tbs wreckage of the plane was scat- tered over a quarter-mile radius ia the soft, newly-plowed field where it fell. The civilian crew included two stewardesses. The 30 airmen were from Walker Air Force Base. The Air Force said the airmen were support and maintenance special- ists en route to the Far East for a tour of duty with the 509th Bomber Wing. The wing's loca- tion was not disclosed. Many of the airmen's next-of-kin live in Roswell, said an Air Force information officer. Most of fte victims had been stationed there for some time. A rumor that the DC4 might carrying "secret cargo" was quickly denied by the Air Force. Ambulances vainly rushed the victims to a nearby hospital. Murky fields and poor roads in the crash area hampered efforts to evacuate bodies and fight the fire. Transocean Air Lines is the world's largest non-scheduled car- rier. The Air Lines released the names of the five crew members killed last night when a four-en- gine Douglas DC4 crashed and burned 20 miles south of Oakland. Company personnel aboard were: Harvey W. Rodgers, 41, Trans- ocean chief pilot, of Lafayette, Calif. Herman E. Nura, 41, pilot of Daly City, Calif. Fred W. Patchett, 37, co-pilot, of Burlingame, Calif. Velma Sandridge, 27, stewardess, no address available. Mrs F. E. Chapman, second stewardess, of El Paso, Tex. Civil Defense In U.S. Only 15% Prepared NEW YORK Civil Defense currently is only about 15 per cent prepared to cope with an air attack, says the executive assistant Civil Defense administrator. But the official, Col. Justice Chambers, adds that "a lot of progress has been made and I think that within the next six months we may be up to 50 per cent." Chambers spoke last night on a recorded Columbia Broadcasting System program, "Bomb Target, USA." He said Civil Defense work- er enrollment has climbed from IVi million to four million in the past year. Gen. H o y t Vandenberg Air Force chief of staff, also spoke, saying: "The Soviet Union now has nearly bombers that on one- way trips can reach all important targets within the U. S from bases behind Iron Curtain." ;