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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 20, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Mo.Lly 1IUU warmer tanlfhl with lljfht nnttw. partly near normal perk tart. Full Leaved Wire Report of The Associated Press s OKOLSKY Read His New Column Daily on Editorial Page Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME PAGES War in Greece Unlikely, Acheson Says Badger Tax Bill Proposed Goodland Plan to Balance Budget, Create Trust Fund MadUon, Win. A.lHembly- mnn Vernon Thomson. Republican party floorleader. Introduced In the JcKt.'Jature today bills which would rtilse approximately in new and Increased taxes, balance the blennlum budget nnd create a construction and im- provement reserve trust fund that would be swelled by nearly 000.000 annually. Thomson said the bills rcprescnt- rcl the tax program of the Into Governor Walter S. Goodlund and drafted as one of the Into executive's final official acts. In addition to raising during the 1947-49 blennlum through new taxes on cigarettes, liquor and brer, a surtax on Incomes, the bill would siphon off from highway revenues over the 000.000 earmarked by the segrega- tion law and take from the expected surplus In the treasury. The proposed new and Increased taxes and the amounts they would ral.w Include: An additional one cent per package on to ralM 5S.G50.000. A new per barrel tax on beer shipped out of the "tale to raise An additional per xallon tax on liquor to raise 000. A new 30 per cent nut-tax on Individual to ralne 700.000. The totn.1 of these new and ad- diUotuU tuxes are estimated n' for the blennlum or J16.273.000 annually. These proposals would make available in addition to the estimated income of from present taxes to balance the budget and create a construction trust fund of for the biennlum. Each year starting with the fiscal year July 1, 1049, a total or would bo ndded to the trust fund from the u-hlch would bo continuous. In case the legislature did not want to Irvy the taxes proposed by the governor, Goodlnncl sug- gested four alternative types of luxtf which would ralso for the blennlum. Thry Included: A tax of ten per cent on cor- porate to ralne 000. An additional dividend tax of one per cent to ralie Repeal of the deductible divi- dend provision to ralite 000. Thomson released a statement In corporatlnjr GoodMnd's Jdcns on th nubjrct. It wild: "Prior to the war n thorough an comprehensive study wa.i made as to thr nerds of Wisconsin's publl Institutions, found thnt Thompson Blasts White Supremacy New Governor Plans Action Against Ku Klux Klan By Romncy Wheeler Atlanta, Mel- vln E. Thompson declared today that Herman Talmadge and his poli- tical associates no longer had the right to speak for the Democratic party, and branded the Talmadge- sponsored "white supremacy" leg- islation as an invitation to fraud and stolen elections. In a, speech prepared lor a joint session of the Georgia legislature ust 24 hours after the state su- preme court had rejected Tal- madge's claim to the governorship, Thompson said: "Those who sought to seize the state of Georgia for their selfish ends, and who undertook to prosti- tute the Democratic platform to extend their own reign, now have I no right to speak for the Demo- cratic party. "Their program Is not the peo- Hospital Strike Bill Due for Final Action Crewmen From The S.S. General W. H. Gordon scramble to safety on and beside the overturned life- boat they attempted to launch to rescue ten men from the bow of the broken tanker Fort Dearborn, 1.100 miles northwest of Honolulu, T. H. (A.F. Wirephoto.') pie's program. It is not the Demo- cratic program, it is not my pro- gram. No selfish group can ex- ploit Georgia, and no selfish group will ever control Georgn so long as elections are free." Thompson, who must pass on 151 bills apparently signed Illegally by Talmadge, indicated he might veto Talmadge's number one measure, the so-called "white primary" bill. He declared, however, he favored restoration of the Democratic white wimary, and asked enactment of legislation which would set rigid education requirements for voting and provide separate voting booths "or white persons and Negroes. Thompson turned stinging rebuke on Talmadge for.his attempt to bar Negroes from, the polls by removing primaries from state control and St. Paul The bill barrin hospital strikes was readied for fina action in the House today with tha ('outlawing secondary boycotts slatei to come to a senate vote on Frldaj after both houses had given prelim inary approval to the respcctivi measures Wednesday. Representative Joe Prlferel, St Paul, pushed through an amcnd- jment providing compulsory arbitra- tion in disputes involving hospita workers, with the governor empow- ered to set up three-man fact-find- ing boards whose recommendation? will be binding on both employes and employers. Debate which preceded prelimin- ary approval of the anti-boycott bill in the senate centered on definition of such a boycott. The language finally adopted, said the term sec- ondary boycott shall mean: "Combining or conspiring to cause or threaten to cause injury or dam- age to any person by, (A) withhold- ing patronage, labor or other bene- ficial intercourse, (B) Picketing or bannering, (C) Refusing to handle, Install, use or work on particular materials, equipment or supplies, or (D) By any other unlawful means, in order to bring him against his will into any concerted plan to coerce or Japanese Try Firtt Diet Filibuster Japanese legisla- tors, whc have been practicing democracy for months now. came up today with their first filibuster. Only they don't call it that in the too hard to translate. They call it "unfin- ished deliberation'." Social Democrats in the Diet objected to a government at- tempt to Increase" the number of electoral districts and an- nounced they would tulk far into the night, if necessary, to prevent a vote. Taxing' of Slots 8y Benton County Soard Uncovered By Jack Mackay St. for operation, f slot machines were collected byi nfllct damage upon another, or to Benton county officials :ind deposit- Hn no- nf mi imlnujfitl _ _ __ the doing of an unlawful act; or engaging in a practice dcs- gnated as unfair by chapter 179 of ;he 1945 Minnesota statutes, or to jring any person against his wfll nto a concerted plan to coerce an- other." Final Approval Given Given final approval by the hous were bills requiring pasteurizatio or commensurate aging of all chees produced in the state; permlttin the conservation commission to re open the rough fish spearing: sea son, closed two years ago by the leg Islature, and allowing old age assist ance recipients who are Joint tenant of property covered by liens to re tain individual equities In the even of the death of either. The house appropriation commit U.N. Returns Atomic Control to Committees lake Succesi, N. T. American Delegate Warren R Austin today carried a report direct to President Truman on United Nations reaction toward proposed American aid to Greece and Turkey. As Austin faced a series of conferences with State department As a result it wa It would cost abou tor a long-time pro- "A further study was made as t the immediate construction need of thr University of Wisconsin rtnte teachers' colleges, public wel fare department. Stout institute superintendent of public instruc tlon. board of health, and the Grand Army Home for Veterans and the amounts or were arrlvec bfisrd on prewar needs and pre- Itulldlnjf Needs "The building und construction of Wisconsin In all probability will a figure close to bn.od on prewar prices. "With this in mind and although has already been pro- vidPd (In building funds appropri- ated by the 1043 and 1945 legis- Governor Goodlnncl, fully thnt not one. two or three es could provide the en- tire amount, recommended the crentlon or n construction nnd im- provement reserve trust fund that will be built up over a period of years to meet immediate and future needs." It is not known whether Acting Governor Rennebohm has seen this program and approves it, but Proof Reds Have German Patents to Be Sent Marshall By Doturluu B. Cornell Washington Representa- tive J. Parncll Thomas (R.-N. J.) said today he will arm Secretary of State Marshall in Moscow with "additional proof" that Russia has obtained thousands of valuable German patents from America. Thomas told a reporter the evi- dence l.i from the flics of the Houso committee on un-American activities, of which he is chairman. "Our antiquated patent laws pro- vide the greatest way I know he said, "for giving away vital nllltary information, it's a one way and high administration officials In Washington, the TJ.N. turned from atomic energy, to lesser weapons of death in Its far-reaching program for world disarmament. The 12-natlon atomic energy com- mission, with Soviet Delegate Andrei A. Gromyko In the voted un- anlmously to refer the' report on atomic control back to its working committees in another attempt for agreement on basic Issues where the United States and Russia still stand far apart. Committee work probably will begin next Tuesday. Hardly had the commlslson ad- journed Its first meeting of this year when Secretary-General Trygve Lie called the commission on con- ventional armaments into session for next Monday. This group will deal vlth .all reduction plans outside the leld of atomic energy and weapons of mass destruction. Austin also will represent the United States on the new.' body and was expected to take up basic Unit- leal. Stiff Opposition To Shapes in House and making them subject only to party ,tce unanimously a bill giv IIT_ w u nftif-A rules which could exclude any voter white or Negro, if not acceptable t the party. Thompson continued: "I am for a white primary, but I am not for any measure or legislation tha would strike out every primary elcc tlon'.' law from' the statutes of ou state and allow fraud and stolen elections to run rampant in Geor- gia." Thompson urged the laflfislature ;o carry out Talmadge's program of a group of rebellious Republicans expanded state services. Including today promised a stiff House fight against the Knutson tax cutting bill despite a move toward revisions giv- ing greater percentage relief to small taxpayers. Representative Engel eadtng a party revolt against the measure by Representative Knutson slashing income taxes 20 per cent across the board, told reporters, "it still would be a rich man's bill" even with the proposed .hanges. "I plan to take the fight to the House he said. Democratic members of the tax- framing ways and. means commit- tee which Knutson heads indicated the revisions will not alter their op- continuation of a 50 per cent in- crease in teacher salaries. He warn- ed, however, that additional revenue was needed, and by Implication sup- ported the only pending revenue measure a three per cent retal sales tax. Thye to Back Aid to Greece Despite Risks Washington Senator Ed- ward J. Thye last night issued a statement in support of President Truman's proposal to aid Ing employes salary increas of more than for the tw years starting July 1. Pay for th estimated workers would be geared to. the TJ. S. Department o Commerce living cost index, with th Increases frozen until July 1, 1048 employes to benefi from any prior price decreases. Minority Leader Prlferel called the increases "Inadequate" and two state employe union 3. Peterson, legislative chairman for Jie state employes union council A.F.L., and Ralph L. Distad, busl- less agent of the Minnesota Insti- tutional employes policy committee also A.F.L., issued a Joint statement saying "The committee completely gnored the heart of the state em- ploye's problem, that of getting wages or salaries comparable to hose paid in private industry.1 Fingerprint Children Strongly supported by the state rime bureau, a bill which would equirc fingerprinting of all school hlldren over 12 was given tentative pproval by the senate education ommittee as a means of more adc- uate identification rather than to errct out criminals, backers argued, enator A. L. Almen, Balaton, said hat no further hearings have yet asked Congress to any treas- ury surpluses to debt reduction in- stead of tax cuts. Republican ways and means mem- bers called a huddle today to dis- cuss a plan to give more than a 20 "I think an explanation Is due General Marshall from Soviet For- Ign Commissar Molotov. since they tot all these patents from us, why tussla has refused to give us a Ingle patent since 1927." Backing up a Soviet demand for in reparations from Germany, Molotov told the foreign ministers conference In Moscow ucsclny that the United States and rltaln had takon over German atcnts. Inventions nnd gold worth ngton trip. Later Austin will a deputy to sit through the long sessions anticipated in preparing an Initial report ort arms reduction by May 13. Soldiers Fight English Floods By Jack Smith of Idlers, civilians, police and Gorman sol- he probably will make some state- ment about the program soon, Three Killed At Menomonie Menomonie, Win. (a1) Three young men were killed early today when the automobile in which thei riding crashed into the rear of a semitrailer, the driver of which iiad stopped to give assistance to occupants of another car which had Kone Into the ditch. Thr dead were: Arthur Radle. 22: KUKene Dp Long. 21; and Richard Bchltnc, all of Menomonie. They UTrr, in th" front sent of Thr- iiccldent occurred on state trunk highway 12, seven miles west of this city. Dunr. County Traffic Officer Clarence Walter said the truck driver. Elmer Rasmussen, St. Paul, told him thnt he stopped his vehicle when he noticed a woman stansir.c on the rond waving her sinnx. He had Just set out warning fl.-vr'.-j. when the Bvhllng car crashed ir.Ui iht- svmJlriilkT, the officer sold. Marshall took the offensive. He war prisoners fought a losing battle snld the gold was being held for today to hold back overflowing rivers disposition by an Allied reparations that already had spread destruction agency. He said Russia had been and "misery through scores of towns getting the patents from the United and villages. Aid was on the way to States patent office. He suggested stricken communities, that Russia share scientific and Two army amphibians sped toward technical information she has ob- the mining village of Bentley near talncd from Germany. "Boncaster In northern England, "This prompts me to announce." where a telegraphed SOS said last Thomas said, "that I shall Immedi- night persons had been trap- ately send General Marshall all ped without food lor more than 24 additional material which the com- hours. mlttec has accumulated on this very Important matter with a flondland suggestion that he present this ad- personal up to or perhaps They are con- sidering a possible cut of 23 or 26 per cent for these lower income brackets. Knutson said the full committee's] I showdown vote will come tomor- row. The bill probably will come to a vote in the House late -next week. "the risks and dangers involved. Dr. Lovelace Named Doctor for Airline Kansas City Trans-World Airline yesterday named as its medical director Dr. W. R. Lovelace, II, 38, former army officer nnd oefore the war on the staff of the Mayo clinic at Rochester, Minn. een scheduled on the school aid bill since adoption of an amendment Tuesday allocating 20 per cent of the per pupil basic aid on a school census Instead of average dally attendance basis. The senate elections committee approved for passage the bill which would bar Commupists from riling for state offices or from having any places on election ballots, and the senate civil administration commlt- ;ee considered but took no action on a measure which would provide monthly pensions for legislators ed in a newly-created fund placed on the county records, Richard A. Golling, state public examiner, re- vealed in a report made public to- day. Unofficial and "off-the-record' meetings were held by the county board which hired a collector, a for- mer slot machine operator, to pick up the fees or tax for the privilege of operating slot machines, Golling disclosed. The money, totaling wa. deposited with the county treasure and credited to an "amuscmcn Golling's report said. Thi collector was identified by Golling as Ralph Walstcdt who, nt the tlirn he was employed by the county, was working- for the village of Sauk Rap- ids in a similar capacity. Sheriff Joseph A. Winkelmon of Benton county was quoted by the public examiner as saying he die lot attend the meetings of the coun- ty board at which the slot machine (Continued on Parr 3. Column 4) SLOTS INVESTIGATION Patterson Asks Passage of Army, erger Bill Aid Cannot Wait U.N., Hearing Told Possible Extension of Programs Feared by Congressmen By Aler II. Singleton Washlncton Under Secre- tary of Stale Dean Achcson. ex- pressed conviction today that Amer- can help in Greece and Turkey to the spread of communism II! not "lead to war." Tlic question was raised by Rep- cscntntlvc Mansfield (D.-Mont.) s the House foreign affairs com- mittee questioned Acheson on Presi- ent Truman's broad program to end money, material and military missions to the two Mediterranean oun tries. Acheson hesitated for a. moment nd then sojemnly declared: "I wns going to is no ossibillty tliat it would lead to ar." He paused again then dded; "I don't think It could lead to war. By strengthening the forces or democracy and freedom, you do a great deal to eliminate the fric- tion between great powers." On the other hand, he said, col- lapse of Greece and Turkey might set oil a chain reaction" among other to the east and to the under similar pressure." Extension of Policy He was asked bluntly by Repre- sentative Smith (R.-wis.) .whether Congress should assume the United States will pursue the some policy in other countries. "I don't think It Is ever correct to assume Acheson re- plied. "There are other areas In which we may not be able to give help. There arc countries in which, we may give aid in a different way." He insisted that help for Greece and Turkey to resist communist ag- jression cannot wait lor United Nations action but assured the law- makers: "We arc Giving serious consldera-- Jon and study to ways in which, thn United Nations may take hold or this problem after the present emcr- :cncy is passed. "There is no possibility of putting the responsibility for extending the aid which Greece has asked from, he United States on some other or upon .the United Acheson told the committee. Washington (IP} Secretary of Patterson told senators today lat the "old idea of voluntary co peration" between the army and avy "received its death-blow a carl Patterson offered this opinion to he Senate armed services commit- ee. He supported legislation to nity the present separate War and avy departments into a single nn- onal defense establishment with rmy, navy and air force depon- of Navy Forrcstal al- testified favoring the ents. Secretary ady has cosure. Patterson said "former boundaries between sea operations and land operations" have been erased by science and invention and the de- velopment of air power. Under the legislation the army air forces would be given co-equal status with the Army and Navy de- partments.. By John M. Illghtowcr notified the council of foreign ministers tonight that .she could not nomic reconstitution agree to eco- of Germany Merger of Badger Public Pension Systems Urged Madlion, He- den chairman of the olnt ...legislative interim commit- ee on pension and retirement plans, ed forces yesterday in an appear- ance before the joint committee on I British Foreign Secretary Ernest France Demands Coal for Aid in German Problem unless other powers agreed to her demands for guarantees of German coal. Foreign Minister Georges Bidault of Prance, answering the rejection of ills request for coal guarantees by s a- dltionnl proof to the foreign minis- Valued at ters. Racine, Wls. Executors of the estate of the late Governor Walter f V4 1.440 4ULC7 VT1MVC4, London Greek Aid; 8. Goodland wm go to Madison Warn, It May Mean War falttoboTn the Bovemor's Wichita, M. Landon today backed President request for financial help und military advice to Greece und Turkey even thoujrh In muklnjr the Innn. he mid, the nation mny be "deciding- for war with Riuxlit iu( much we decided for war with Ger- many when lend-lease was pan- ed." "Either we perform we lire likely to follow the time- worn paths of procrastination, right Into another IS or 20 from asserted the former Republican presi- dential candidate, speaking at Temple Kmiinue! last night. deposit box. The governor transferred mofct of his securities to a Madison bank several years ago. Friends said the estate was valued at Turks Pleased at S. Naval Visit jubila- tion crept through typical Oriental (calm today as Turks learned offi- cially that an American naval force will steam through the Dardanelles next month; the third such visit in Turkish waters within a year. "America Is backing up words with said cne typical, mldclle- Inance to urge the passage of a bill which would merge all public employes' pension systems, except one governing teachers, into a single state program. "The pension bills we passed In former years are now wholly inade- quate and as a result, the biggest financial problems before the legis- latre now involve pensions for pub- lic he said. The bill would transfer conserva- tion warden and state employes pension funds, with proper credit for service, to the proposed new fund, permit systems for police- men and firemen in villages and cities to liquidate and become port of the state plan and permit contlnua- Bevin last night, said: "I am directed by my government to state that we cannot be parties Isters themselves. Authoritative sources said today that Moscow's official reaction to President Truman's Greek-Turkish proposals seemed to be trending to- ward the view that the United States is developing an out-and-out anti-Soviet policy. First inklings of the official Rus- sian line were reaching American ears informally today and roused Immediate speculation as to what effect, if any, such a view would have on the prospects for reaching agreement in the current negotia- Debate on Portal Bill Continues; Lilienthal Next Senate debate on antl-portnl pay legislation roll- ed into its -fifth day neither Republicans nor Democrats ventured to guarantee when would end. Disappointed G. O. P. leaders. Program to Exclude '47 Flax Washington Secretary of Agriculture Clinton W. Anderson notified Senator Cordon (R.-Ore.) yesterday that the price support program will not be extended to the 1S47 crop of fiber flax. Anderson wrote Cordon that it study showed extension of the sup- sort program to cover the 3947 fiber flax crop "could not be justified." Anderson said loans nre available on the J946 and prior crops until June 30, 194S. Weather to agreement on other problems tions on the future of Germany. unity, level of in- dustry and a previous settlement of the scheme for export of coal in a sense which is in conformity with our request. "No different attitude could be Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov and U. S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall agreed at last night's session of the council of foreign ministers that it was entire- ly possible "for the big four to com- striving to clear the decks for other mportant business, expressed hope ;he measure to wipe out portal wits would come up for a vote by Jightfall. When the portal bill is out of the way. the debate on confirmation of David E. LJlienthal a-s atomic en- ergy commission chairman is scheduled to start. Almost equally high priority, how- ever, lias been accorded legislation providing for United States partici- FEDERAL FORECASTS For Winona and vicinity: Mostly loudy, little warmer tonight, occa- ionolly light snow. low tonight 28. cloudy Friday, near normal emperntures. High 46-48. Minnesota; Mostly cloudy tonight and Friday with occasional light ain or snow, mostly snow. Little change in temperature. Wisconsin: Mostly cloudy. Light snow ending by morning but be- ginning again in northwest half late Friday afternoon or night. Lit- tle chance in temperature. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 2< hours ending at 12 m. Maximum, 41; minimum, 21; noon. 30; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night nt C.-17; sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Chicago -10 Denver ..............50 Los Angeles .........65 Miami 78 Minrieapolis-St. Paul.. 39 Mew Orleans 56 New York............ 44 Phoenix 78 30 29 54 64 23 46 32 49 40 29 .02 pation Jn the international refugee organization. adopted by any French govern- promise their differences and reach tlon and ultimate liquidation of Milwaukee's municipal annuity and benefit funds. class Turk, love it." "I am a Turk and I Towboat Cairo Ready for Trip Downstream St. Paul The Cairo. Mis- sissippi towboat which broke a 30- year record In reaching harbor here so early, will start its return trip late today with a tow carrying 2.000 tons of grain and 300 tons of. flour. H ment." Russia agreed yesterday to a larg- er share of German coal for Prance. Deputies of the four-power for- eign ministers were reported today to have agreed that at some future point, all Allied belligerents and all formor enemy states which turned against and fought Germany should have a chance to express their views on the German treaty. This is one of the few major points agreed upon in the deputies' study of the German question, ac-i cording to official informants whoj have followed the debates in Lon- don and Moscow. The agreement was described as coming at the last minute, before the deputies were to submit their recommendations and their various open disputes to the foreign min- an accord on critical German eco- nomic problems. Molotov appeared to be in a particularly conciliatory mood, but aside from the agreement that dif- ferences could be reconciled there was scant progress toward writing a German peace treaty. Seasoned observers in the Ameri- can delegation feel that the essence of the big four negotiations is that ;he western powers and the Soviet each are seeking to create the kind of Germany which each side feels will fair most readily un- der its control. To the extent this hypothesis is true, the difficulties still in the path of the Moscow conference are mag- nified, despite the friendly and Five Dead in South American Plane Crash Bogota, Colombia The toll of dead in South American plane accidents in the last two months mounted to 91 today with an- nouncement that all five persons aboard 'a Taca airliner which crashed and burned yesterday were killed. The ship went down on a flight between Bogota and Bucarnirmnga, the fifth plane crash in South America in two months. Seattle 61 Washington .........44 RIVJER BULLETIN Flood Stage 2-1-Hr. Stage Today Change 12 Reads Dam 4, T.W Dam 5. T.W....... Dam 5A. T.W..... Winona 13 Dam 6. Pool....... Dam 6, T.W. Former Greek Cabinet Minister Assassinated Salonika, Zev- Gos, who was Communist minister of agriculture in the liberation Red WJIIK 14 3.1 Lake City 7.1 3.5 4.3 2.4 3.4 5.3 9.6 4.8 Dakota 7.9 9.4 4.5 12 4.6 Tributary Streams 3.8 3.5 2.5 4.2 4.5 Dam 7, Pool Dnm 7, T.W. La Crosse Chlppuwa .it Durand. Zumbro nt Theilman. Buffalo aboTc Alma... .1 .1 .1 cabinet of George Fnpendrcou in 1944, was shot to death by gunmen hopeful- statements made last night shortly after 1 p. m. on a street by Marshal and Molotov. here'today. Trempealeau at Dodge Black at Neillsvllle... Blnck at Galesville... Root at .1 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to During the next 36 hours there will be little change above Lake Pepin, a slight rise from Alma to Genoa of .1 to .2 foot and n further fall from Lynxville to Guttcnbcrg. average fall of .5 foot. ;