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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 19, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Clearing, Colder Tonight, Saturday Fair, Quite Cold Attend Winona's Spring Preview Tonight, Saturday NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 100 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 19, 1954 EIGHTEEN PAGES Looking Every Bit as ominous as the flying bomb that it is, a U. S. Air Force E61 Martin Matador points its sleek nose sky- ward during a demonstration of its launching technique in Balti- more, Md., Thursday. The first squadron equipped with these pilotless bombers is now on its way to West Germany after a training period at Cocoa, Fla. (UP Telephoto) BUSINESS IN AMERICA Atom-Power Plant Seen for Pittsburgh By SAM DAWSON BOSTON An atomic power plant is planned for Pittsburgh, New England wants one too. It intends to get one.-But it wants its money's worth. New England could use the expensive new gadget sooner than some other areas, because power costs here are higher than the national average. Because of security bans, the Cambridge industrial scientists can't discuss the type they think they could make work more eco- nomically. TODAY Tax, Farm Issues Toughest; By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON "The Republi- one experienced Democrat- ic Senator has remarked, "are in about as nasty a bind as I've seen since I've been here." The state- ment may seem extreme. Yet a good many unhappy Republicans would privately agree that it is not exaggerated out of all reason, at least as regards the legislative situation in Congress. Consider the following facts: ITEM. President Eisenhower has heavily staked his prestige on fore- stalling the Democratic attempt to increase personal income tax ex- emptions. Despite passage in the House, Senate sentiment on this is- sue is so clear that the Senate is likely to provide the decisive arena. And Republican leaders pri- vately admit that there is virtually no hope of beating the amendment calling for a increase, spon- sored in the Senate by the respect- ed, impeccably conservative Sen. George of Georgia. Increase Seen Sens. Langer and Young of North Dakota, Bennett of Utah, and Mc- Carthy of Wisconsin are mention' ed as likely or possible Republican deserters on this issue. Sen. Morse of Oregon is expected to vote with the Democrats. And the Democrat- ic leadership conceded the loss of only one of Virginia. Thus the current betting, on both sides of the aisle, is that a com- promise increase will eventually emerge from the Senate-House con- ference.' The President could veto cny increase in exemptions, of course, but only at the cost of re- ducing the whole legislative situa- tion to near-total chaos. ITEM. The Eisenhower adminis- tration's prestige is also heavily- involved in the Administration- sponsored farm program, calling for flexible price supports. On this issue the Democrats are not quite as united as on taxes, but the vast Washington State Prison Fugitive Caught in Duluth DULUTH, Minn. armed burglary and bad check suspect, who told police he is a fugitive from the Washington state prison at Walla Walla, was arrested Thursday night in a downtown ho- tel bar. The suspect gave his name as Lloyd Arthur Henifin, 24, Kenne- wick, Wash. He told officers he had escaped from a train in Wash- ington while en route to Walla Walla to serve a sentence for forg- ery. Police said Henifin bad cashed several bogus checks in Duluth hotels, ranging from to Officers investigated after Mrs. Thomas Kinarney, manager of the Carter Hotel, became suspicious. Henifin was arrested in the Hol- land hotel bar as he sipped coffee. Sec. Stevens Deplores Wild Blows at Army CHARLESTON. S. C. MV-Secre- ary of the Army Robert T. Ste- vens said today, "It is deplorable Tax Bill Passes House MinusExemptionHike 'All the Facts' In Army Report Promised Public Censored Material Will Be Released, Symington States By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON Syming- ton (D-Mo) pledged today that the public will "get all the facts" that were censored out of an Army memorandum critical of Sen. Mc- Carthy (R-Wis) and his staff, if the Pentagon still has them. ts senior officers should too often I Publication of the memorandum 3e the target for irresponsible crit-1 touched off a sharp controversy hat the Armv and especially leaers been fofgot- ten or flouted. The six New England governors, meanwhile, are jointly naming a committee this week to study the problems of bringing a nuclear plant here, in time. The AEC says it plans to set up four other experimental plants. These early ones, almost every- one seems to agree, may be too costly to be sold to stockholders of private companies. They may have to be by taxpayers, through government spending, for some time. William Webster, executive vice president of the N'ew England Electric System, is chairman of the New England Council's atomic energy committee. The council is out to get an atomic power plant and anything else it thinks will help build New indus- trial future. Webster says that atomic elec- tric power plants are coming for sure. But he sees as far off the day when they 11 be cheap enough to compete with plants powered by fuels presently in use. He says: "The first ones will 'breed' better and cheaper ones. when they do will we be really j excited about it." j Webster says the region's plans j gravely ill two months ago. From for further industrial expansion the window of his Vatican apart- will call for more sources of ment he blessed more than energy. And its high power I persons cheering him from St. largely because coal and other Peter's square. cism. The secretary's row with Sen., _.. IcCarthy one phase r- stevens McCarthy ;hich centered on Stevens' charge anti his chief aides. Symington es- RaJ_plj jZwicker un- tablished yesterday that parts of The memor- andum detailed instances in which McCarthy and the chief counsel of his subcommittee, Roy Conn, allegedly sought special treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a for- mer committee aide.' Secretary of Defense Wilson and other Pentagon officials promised the Senate Armed Services Com- mittee yesterday that these miss- ing parts, together with stenog- raphers' transcripts of telephone conversations in the dispute, would be handed to any congressional committee asking them. Won't Hide Anything till unsettled. However, Stevens did not men- on McCarthy in his talk prepared or the inauguration of retired Ten. Mark W. Clark as president f the citadel, historic military chool ia Charleston. The secretary said, however, he determined to defend the Army its prestige and integrity." He said that nothing was more detrimental to the military service than the feeling among its mem- bers that they are held in low es- teem by their fellow citizens. "Any action which fosters such a con- j elusion .strikes, at the tap roots of.! he said. Wilson assured the committee he He said also that President Ei-1 was "not going to try to hide any- senhower's expressed opinion that thing." Passage Big Victory for Aircraft Workers Gathered in force in Seattle, Thursday, to watch the first "production line" B52 jstratojet bomber roll from the Boeing plant. It was the first of the huge intercontinental bombers since two original test versions took to the air nearly two years ago. The plane is powered by eight huge turbo-jet engines. Gen. Nathan .Twining, Air Force chief, called it "the long rifle of tha air age." (AP Wirephoto) Next Fight Will Come In Senate t not bei Other Pentagon officials have thrust into the political arena to said some profanity was struck become involved m partisan poli- Pope Makes First Public Appearance Since His Illness VATICAN CITY UP) Pope Pius II appeared in public today for the first time since he became iuels to heat steam boilers musl De transported from make atomic power competitive here before it would be in some other areas. Other sections may give New majority will vote'for rigid sup- ports. They will be joined by a large number of Republicans, led by Young and McCarthy, and a majority vote for rigid supports is regarded as inevitable. Veto- Up To Ike Again, the President can veto. If he does, he will get flexible farm supports under the 1949 An- derson Act, since rigid supports have been regularly tacked on to this act. But getting flexible sup- ports under an old Democratic act is hardly the same thing as getting the administration's own farm pro- gram. ITEM. The Democrats mean to keep the McCarthy-Array pot boD- ing for weeks on end, with the hearings continuing for most of this session. The country will thus be treated to the spectacle of Repub- licans endlessly shouting "liar" at each other, while the Democrats on the side lines adopt suitable at- (Continued on Page 3, Column 5.} ALSOPS England a run for its money. In some remote areas power costs are still higher, and some of them want power. The increasing need for energy is a a strictly regional long-term factor, the Cambridge scientists point out. The military mind also is in- trigued. The armed forces are talking of building atomic power plants at distant as Greenland or the Sahara. Power is costly there. And coal or oil for fuel could be cut off if it had to be transported in submarine- infested waters. ConnecticutJest Vote Backs Ike AVON, Conn. Ei senhower received overwhelming support Thursday night in an Ei- senhower-McCarthy test at Repub- lican caucuses in six small Con- necticut towns. Two other small towns decided against taking any action on the issue. In another the drafters of a resolution attacking Sen. McCar- thy withdrew it at the last minute, and the caucus adopted a com promise resolution supporting the President without mentioning the Wisconsin senator. Republican caucuses were held all over the state to elect town committees. The introduction of McCarthy vs. Eisenhower resolu- tions at some of them was against the advice of at least two Repub- lican state leaders. Avon, where the move started, voted 350-1 in favor of Eisenhower. The resolution said "We believe that the antiadministration tactics of Sen. McCarthy are forcing upon all Republicans a choice now be- tween the senator and the Presi- dent." Exactly as the 18-ton master bell of St. Peter's Basilica boomed the 12th stroke of the noon hour, the top floor window of the papal apartment opened and the white- clad, 78-year-old Pontiff appeared in the window. A great shout went up from the throng, swelled by nuns and priests including a group from the North American Pontifical College. He stood erect and raised his arms, again and again, in greeting in quicker tempo than he usually did in the past. 'maae Then he brought his hands to- gether in prayer and the throng, taking its cue, knelt. It was, in effect, the Pope's first audience since late in January. out Of the memorandum. in Chicago yesterday, McCarthy declined comment on Wilson's tes- timony, but said, "We'll have aE the story complete before we ge! through." Wilson said, among other things, he has full confidence in the truth- fulness of Stevens and the Army report. Chairman Saltonstall who failed in attempts to steer the Armed Services Committee away from the dispute, said in an inter view he would not ask for the pre- viously omitted material. He noted that McCarthy's own investigations subcommittee, with Sen. Mundt (R-SD) as acting chair- man, aSjeady has promised public hearing on the Stevens-McCarthy row "and I hope and pray we won't get into that." Promises Full Report Informed of this, Symington, the only senator serving on both [roups, said: "I'm promising that if the Armed Services" Committee does not ask 'or them and make them public that the investigations group will." Mundt. said in an interview the McCarthy subcommittee "would listen sympathetically and atten- tively" to such a suggestion if it is Red Premier Of Poland In New Post WARSAW, Poland Bierut, No. I Communist leader in Poland since the end of World War II, has resigned from the premiership to become first secre- tary of the ruling United Polish Workers (Communist) party, it was announced today. Vice Premier Josef Cyrankie- wicz, who held the premiership until the government reorganiza- tion in November 1952, was re- stored to his old post as premier. (Western observers in Vienna believed the switch in the Polish leadership was made on Moscow orders as part of a general Krem- lin plan to end the "cult of heroes" that prevailed in the Com- munist world during Stalin's time, replacing one-man dictatorships with "government by The changes were the first offi- cial act yesterday of the new Cen- tral Committee just elected by the party at its second postwar con- gress meeting in Warsaw. Aside from these two changes, the par- 315 Too Close To H-Bomb st WASHINGTON ffl- By RUSSELL Bk.NES Rep. W. Sterling said today a ty's powerful Politburo remains virtually the same. The announcement said Bierut resigned from the premiership be- cause he could not hold that .post and be. party secretary at the same time. He proposed that Cyrankiewicz take his place an the Central Committee concurre Bierut was president of Polan from the end of World War until that post was abolished in 1952. He then took over the pre miership from Cyrankiewicz. In the new regrouping, the POL of chairman of the b abolished. Stefan M uszewski, chairman of the Polish .Soviet Friendship Society, wa If the McCarthy group does no dropped from the party Politbur congressional investigation is under way to determine whether avoid- able errors were made during the monster hydrogen blast in the Pacific March 1. The Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee, which he heads, has begun questioning Atomic Energy Commission officials in closed sessions, he said. Two committee members, Rep- resentatives Price (D-Ill) and Van Zandt yesterday called for a full-scale probe to learn why the 315 persons subjected to un- expected radiation exposure were allowed close enough to the blast zone to be endangered. Van Zandt said questioning should include naval officers in command of the task force. The blast, reportedly three or four times greater than expected, spilled nuclear dust well beyond the hazard zone which had been drawn. Its power has been esti- mated at between 600 and 700 liamentary step today to legalize times that of the Hiroshima atom j the raismg of a army bomb, which killed persons. f TuJntv.throo Western defense. But not German Upper House Approves Army for EDC BONN, Germany Ger- many took the final German par- BULLETIN WASHINGTON Sen- ate Finance Committee today approved a House-passed ex- cise tax bill after adding about 50 million to the 912 million in cuts already in the measure. The biggest new revenue re- duction adopted by the com- mittee was in a provision wip- ing put the tax entirely on ill movie tickets under M By WASHINGTON President Eisenhower chalked up a big vic- tory in House passage yesterday of a major tax revision bill with- out a personal income tax cut he opposed, but an even tougher fight was shaping up in the Senate today. With party lines holding un- usually firm, the House beat down 210-204 a Democratic move to slash income taxes a year by raising the personal exemption for each taxpayer and dependent from to The President went to the coun- try by television and radio Mon- day night to urge defeat of thii proposal. He said it was politically inspired and would be a serioui blow to the government's finances, even endangering national de- fense. The whole tax issue is certain to be aired at length in the com- ing campaign for control of Con- gress. There were sharply vary- ing appraisals of yesterday'! House action. Rep. Kirwan of Ohio, chairman of the Democratic Congressional Twenty-three Japanese fisher- j men, 80 miles away and outside the hazard zone, were badly burned. Price said the fact they got that close to the blast indi- cated a Soviet submarine could bring out the facts eventually Saltonstall said, his Armed Serv ices Committees may step in. Bu he refused to say how soon tha might be. Pope Pius XII waved from the window of his Vatican City apartment to some Italian Alpine veterans gathered in St. Peter's Square today, in his first public appearance since be be- came ill. The Pope's appearance was greeted with cheers and cries of "Long live the Pope" by massed worshipers in the square. (UP Telephoto) but was made a member of th party's Revisions Commission. as first vice premier were Hilary Mine and Zenon No wak. Jacob Berman was name vice premier. Mine resigned from his old jo_ as chairman of the State Commis sion on Economic Planning. Ir addition to the first vice premier ship, he also was elected to the Central Committee's secretaria along with Edward Ochab, Fran ciszek Mazur and Wladislaw Dwor akowski. Dworakowski, who had been vice premier, was removed irom the government. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Clearing and colder tonight. Generally fair and quite cold Saturday. Low to- night 24, high Saturday 37. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 57; minimum, 35; noon, 38; precipitation, .66; sup ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AfRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 56 at p. m. Thursday, min. 36 at a. m. oday. Noon report Temp. 37, ky overcast at 700 feet, visibility miles with light rain, wind 12 miles per hour from north north- ast, barometer 29.59 steady, hu- midity 83 per cent. have pierced through security precautions for a better vantage point. A total of 28 American techni- cians and 264 natives, on several islands more than 100 miles away, Iwere exposed to milder radiation. Sen. Pastore (D-RI) and Rep. Holifield congressional observers at the test, reported last night that the Americans and natives are "normal, happy and in the best of They added in a joint letter released by the committee that they saw no evidences of radiation in a visit to the victims on Kwaja- lein and were told "no permanent injury" was likely. The legislators reported that the unexpected extent of the radiation exposure resulted from "a larger explosion than expected" and un- predictable wind shifts. Fire Destroys 3 Cafes, Plumbing Shop at Luverne LUVERNE, Minn, An early morning fire swept through three Wain street cafes and a plumbing establishment today. No one was injured, but the structures were left in shambles. Burned were the Club, Rainbow man probably will get into uni- form until France approves. The Bundesrat, Parliament's up- per house, approved amendments to the constitution specifically say- ing it is legal for West Germany to join the six-nation European De- fense Community (EDC) and to raise armed forces by drafting men over 18. Six of the nine states whose min- isters compose the Bundesrat ap- proved the amendments, giving the necessary two-thirds majority. The amendments already had been approved by the lower house, the Bundestag. Before becoming law they need the signature of President Theodor Heuss and proval of the three occupying Western Allies. House Vote WASHINGTON (ft-The Thursday as the House defeat- ed 210-204 a move to increase by the personal exemption for income taxpayers and their dependents included: Minnesota: sen, Andresen, Judd; O'Hara, Hagen. McCarthy, Blatnik, Marshall. Wisconsin: Davis, Kerston, Laird, Smith, Van Pelt, Wlthrow. Johnson. Not voting but paired Campaign Committee, said that at a result he has raised from 45 to 60 his estimate of anticipated Democratic gains in the House in November. His Republican counterpart, Rep. Richard M. Simpson of Pennsylvania, replied i tax action will bring votes The important Foreign Affairs lommittee of the French National an- iuai> uic uijv auuuu will uiuig the GOP. He predicted Repub- lican gains of 25 House seats. Battle Moves to Senate As the battle over the higher and Grill cafes and Pat's Plumb- ng and Heating Co., located in he center of a downtown business lock. The buildings were one- tory frame with brick fronts. Harry J. Schneekloth, night po- ice officer, discovered the fire bout 4 a.m. Some 30 firemen fought the lames. They were hampered at imes by dense smoke, but man- ged to keep the fire from spread- ing to another a pool hall, arber shop, a cleaning establish- ment, a department store, jewelry :ore and theater, all in the same lock. Aiding Luverne firemen was a iece of equipment from the Rock apids, Iowa, department. Assembly already has voiced its disapproval of the constitutional changes, urging the French high commissioner in Germany to veto them. The Allies presently are work- ing out a formula to give assur- ances they will not approve such amendments permitting the rearm- ing of this former enemy country unless France and the other coun- tries which still have not ratify the EDC. Belgium completed ratification of the EDC last week and the Netherlands did so in January. France, Italy and Luxembourg still have taken no action. France's main stumbling bloc to ratification is the powerful oppo- sition on the left and right spurred by inherent French fear of the rebirth of German militarism. The Bonn government pushed through the constitutional changes to spike opposition Socialist ma- neuvers to sabotage the EDC. Vital Statistics Report Shows Lower Birthrate ST. PAUL GD Minnesota in the first nine months of 1953 register- ed more deaths, marriages and divorces but fewer births than in the corresponding period of 1952. The state health department's section on vital statistics reported these figures (second totals are those for first nine months of Deaths Mar- riage licenses issued Divorces Births exemption proposal shifted to the Senate, the xadministration ap- peared to face an even tougher fight than it had in the House. One GOP Senate leader conced- ed privately he believed the increase in exemptions would pass the Senate, where there are 48 Democrats to 47 Republicans. In that case, the final version would have to be worked out in a confer- ence between the two branches. Just before the House vote yes- terday. Republican Leader Halleck of Indiana 'implied in a speech that Eisenhower would veto the revision bill if the Democratic pro- posal won. In the showdown, only 10 of the 211 Republicans voting supported the exemption increase. Nine Democrats opposed it as com- pared with 193 who voted "aye." The lone independent voted for it. The House afterwards passed by a 339-80 vote the 875-page tax revision bill to which the Demo- crats had tried to attach the re- duction in income levies. Would Rewrite Code This measure would rewrite the entire tax code for the first time in 70 years. It covers such a broad range of subjects that Senate floor consideration of it may not come for two or three months. Senate Democrats believe they have a big asset in that veteran Sen. George dean of the Senate, is leading the battle in that branch for the boost in ex- emptions. George is the Democrats' lead- ing tax expert and has been con- (Continued on Page 15, Column 3) TAX BILL ;