Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 18, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Billion U. S. Air Defense Program Only a Start New Problems Created for Eisenhower Long Range Guided Missile War Possible By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP (Third of a Series of Five) air defense program costing to billion, that is cur- rently being considered by the President and the Na- tional Security Council has got to be regarded, unhappi- ly, as only a beginning. The administration has sought to muffle the issue. But it can now be revealed on highest authority that the National Security Council is also con- sidering an additional Civil Defense program that may cost another to billion. The rationale of both the air de- fense and Civil Defense programs is solemn warning, already re- ported here, that this country will lie naked and open to devastating Soviet air-atomic attack within two years' time. The warning emanates from a large group of the most highly qualified American scientists, who have worked on Project Lincoln and its offshoot, the Summer Study Group. These research groups, sponsored by the Massa- chusetts Institute of Technology on Air Force contract, elaborated the air defense program to ward off the air-atomic danger of which they warned. But no system of air warning and interception can achieve a 100 per cent kill of at- tacking aircraft, and this is not claimed for the Project Lincoln program. There is a difference between complete air defense and effective air defense. Even when the attack- ers carry atomic bombs, a high kill rate of say 70 to 80 per cent is considered to provide an ef- fective air defense. Enough of the attackers will be knocked down to make sure that this country be neither devastated nor seriously crippled, and so can car- ry on the war. This, in itself, will be the best possible insurance against an attack being attempt- ed. If attempted nonetheless, the attack will chiefly result in the ex- haustion of the enemy's vital atomic stockpile and the crippling of his own striking force. Plenty of Danger But nothing- but a complete air defense with a 100 per cent kill rate will fully guard our most vital defense atom- ic production plants. More im- portantly, an air defense that is merely effective, with a kill rate of 70 to 80 per cent, will still .leave our huge urban population in con- siderable danger. Hence the need for the additional Civil Defense pro- gram, which can bring up the global total of spending for insur- ance against air-atomic attack to a fantastic to S27 billion. The Civil Defense problem was carefully studied by another ma- jor government research group, Project East River, which co-or- dinated its work with that of Proj ect Lincoln. Presumably the Civil Defense program now before the Security Council is based on Proj- ect East River's findings, sealed down to take account of Project Lincoln's promise of effective but not complete air defense. It is un derstood that providing deep shel- ters for the urban population and VOLUME 53, NO. 25 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 18, 1953 Boston Shift to in U.S. Milwaukee OK'd ST. PETERSBURG, Fla. Iffi The National League voted unan- imously today to allow Lou Perini to move his Boston Braves fran- chise to Milwaukee in the first shift of a major league franchise in 50 years. The action was taken on condi- tion that the American Associa- tion, of which Milwaukee now as a member take necessary moves to clear the territory. The association went into im- mediate sessions, and it was indi- cated approval would be granted there, 7-0, with Milwaukee abstain- ing in the voting. GIs and Civilians Learn How to Live In A-Bomb Attack By BILL BECKER LAS VEGAS, Nev. friendly practice field of the Atomic Energy Commission, American civilian and soldier alike may have learned new lessons to wrest victory out of atomic war. These are the pointers indicated by yesterday's double-barreled nuclear test: For 1. In a car, "I would stay in it, open the windows down as far as possible on the seat 1 or the said J. Slayton Jen- iner of the Federal Civil Defense Administration. 2. In a house, try a basement- type bomb shelter, but make sure you have a solid concrete base- ment. 3. If caught in the open, lie flat on the ground if no good shelter is available. For 1. Crouch in a foxhole or lie flat. Army officers think now that the dug-in soldiers could have re- mained above ground, lying prone, at their two-mile distance from yesterday's blast tower on Yucca Flat. Watch Wind 2. Watch the wind and stay be- hind it. The breeze after the de- tonation at. 300 feet .swept the radioactive column and cloud cast- ward across the flat, where it hung threateningly for hours. But troops were able to march north through the vicinity of ground zero. 3. The bomb can be a friend if instructions are followed. Like their predecessors in atomic man- euvers, the foot soldiers and 500 observers found little to fear in foxholes. Most said it wasn't as Velde Wants House Vote Of Confidence WASHINGTON UP) Rep. Velde (R-I11) today awaited word from the House Rules Committee to open the way for him to seek a vote of confidence as chairman of the House Un-American Activities Committee. He told newsmen he has the promise of Chairman Leo Allen (R-I11) of the rules group that his "personal request" for clearance of an ouster resolution will be con- sidered. Velde joined Rep. Donald L. Jackson (R-Calif) in asking the rules committee to send to the full House the resolution offered by Rep. Roosevelt (D-NY) last week. Roosevelt called for Velde's oust-1 er, accusing him of bringing dis-j bad as they expected. Elton Fay, credit on House members. Roose-1 Associated Press military affairs Probed as Reds, Brownell Says velt said, among other things, this was a result of Velde's assertion that it is "entirely possible" the Red probers might to into "the church field" in search of sub- versive individuals. Masked Bandits Get reporter, found himself most im- pressed by "the unearthly white light" as he crouched face dowa MIAMI, Fla. W- in a five-foot trench. 4. Earth shock can be as potent a weapon as blast in a low-level explosion, Fay concluded. The pro- longed shuddering of the desert, Fay and other observers believe, contributed greatly to the quick collapse of the first Civil Defense test house, feet from the tower. Used to Atomic Age For the scientist, the first atom- i ic test of 1953 brought reaffirma- Masked bandits j tjon that_ special protection for key indus-1 ramrodded their way into a jewelry j j Smaller bomDS can pack a tries are the main outlays propos-! store on swank Lincoln Road late I Tuesday mght and made off with 1 a half million dollars worth of ed. President Eisenhower may de- cide, after all, to buy air defense without Civil Defense. On the sur- face, it seems essential to provide protection for the people of our cities when one in every five at- tackers is expected to reach his target. Failure to buy Civil De- fense looks like taking one chance in five that the population of any given city will experience the fate of Hiroshima. In fact, however, the chance taken will be far smaller. For the odds against an attack being delivered at all will rise steeply as our air defenses are im- proved from their present sorry state. Great Choice This grim arithmetic docs not alter this additional Civil Defense program's very great significance. In effect, the air defense program may be regarded as the culminat- ing symbol of the great choice his- tory has thrust upon this country between comfortable prosperity for the short run or national .security for the long run. By the same tok- en, the additional Civil Defense pro- gram may be regarded as a sym- bol of the many new problems- thai are created by a preference for the survival of this republic. Choosing national security will not reduce the need for defense economy, in the sense of the long, over-due attempt to reduce the high unit cost of American de- fense. True defense economy will remain as urgent as ever. But economies in unit costs will in- evitably be swallowed up by new outlays, necessitated by the re- morseless forward march of mili- tary technology and the increas- ing power of the Soviet war ma- chine. Take, for instance, the curious case of the meteor that fell on one of the Pacific islands. The first reports of this occurrence so alarmed the Joint Chiefs of Staff that they held an emergency night meeting. The reason was simple. (Continued on Page 5, Column 4) ALSOPS diamonds. Police called it the "hottest" holdup of the season. Detective Sgt. R. P. Thompson said two men with handkerchiefs across their faces used a stout piece of lumber to batter down the rear door at the A. Taylor and Sons store. Abe Taylor, owner of the store, his wife Lillian, and their son Donald, working late, were hustled to the front of the building by three shots fired into the floor. real wallop. The device, only three-quarters the strength of the Nagasaki or normal A-bomb, made itself heard or felt in a number of communities including Las Vegas, 75 miles away, Med- ford, Ore., about 600 miles distant, and Los Angeles, nearly 300 miles away. 2. The U. S. civilian and soldier are growing up to the atomic age. Reporters covering the AEC and FCDA events of the past three years sensed increasing awareness of the importance of survival measures. The AEC scientists iota urea JIHO me uuur. 7- Then the men took two trays of an.eager audience in Cml diamonds and fled. f Defense workers. This Is The Rear of House No. 2 as it looked Tuesday after an atomic explosion, IVa miles away at the atomic proving grounds at Yucca Flats, Nev. Side shown is that away from the blast and some of the windows still are intact. Area was so intensely radio-active that the Atomic Energy Commission photographer had only two minutes to make this and two other pictures. The Civil Defense Authority conducted the tests. (AP Wirepnoto to The Republican-Herald) m A. Asks Deportation Of Those Found To Be Communists NEW YORK Gen. Her- bert Brownell Jr. says nearly foreign-born residents of the United States are under investiga- tion for possible Communist links. He adds that they will be subject to eventual deportation "where evidence is found that they have violated our immigration and na- uralization laws." Widening Inquiries The widening inquiries are part of .a campaign to rid the nation of subversives, Browneli told the So- ciety of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick at a dinner last night. "It's a job worthy of a modern- day St. Patrick to drive these snakes from our the at- torney general declared. Brownell said that among those under scrutiny are nearly naturalized citizens who "are be- lieved to be or to have been en- gaged in subversive activities or presently to be or to have been mmbers of, or affiliated with, the Communist party." "These investigations are to de- termine whether their naturaliza- tion can be Brownell added. "If naturalization is re- voked by the courts, these persons will again be aliens and subject to deportation." Another being probed are aliens residing in the U. S., Brown- ell said.' Wherever these investigations uncover evidence of subversive activities or "membership in or affiliation with the Communist Brownell continued, deportation proceedings will be in- stituted against these aliens." Party Leaders At present, 280 Communist party leaders are under deportation ord- ers, the attorney general asserted. Brownell also discussed the new administration's government em- ploye loyalty program, saying its predecessors had shown a "pussy- footing" attitude in certain loyalty and security cases. "Under the new Brownell said, "an employe or applicant for employment may be loyal in his own mind, but still, because of personal habits of con- duct, a background of carelessness, negligence, or failure to observe reasonable rules of security, he is in fact a security risk and there- fore not acceptable as a govern- ment employe." He said the old loyalty program was "a was "discredited" and was inadequate. 1 U.S. Demands Russ Discipline Fighter Pilot WASHINGTON (ifi The United i States today demanded that Russia discipline the Soviet jet fighter who attacked a U. S. weather recon- j naissance plane last Sunday 25 miles off Kamchatka. The State Department announced a protest has been delivered to the Moscow Foreign Office by the Am- erican Embassy. The note asks measures to pre- vent a repetition of such an attack and "disciplinary action" against those responsible for Sunday's in- cident. The Air Force announced Tues- day that the American B50 bomb- er, flying out of Alaska, was trailed by two Soviet MIGISs nnd that one Russian plane opened fire on it. The B50 returned fire and the Soviet plane did not press the attack. The exchange apparently did no damage to either plane. The State Department announced the substance of the protest, but the text of the note was not made public. It has been made clear here that the U. S. Air Force will con- tinue to fly its missions despite Russia's implied challenge to its use of air space over international waters of the North Pacific. Higher Milk Price Trend About Over WASHINGTON UP) A 2V4-year uptrend in milk prices in the na- tion's urban markets has come to a halt. Reporting this, the Agriculture Department said today fluid milk prices early this month averaged 23.2 cents a quart at retail, the same as a year ago. This is the first time since August, 1950, that the average retail price has not exceeded the level of the game month a year earlier. The Crew Of The U. S. B50 bomber which shot back at a Russian-built MIG15 jet fighter Sun- day east of Kamchatka (Sibera) Peninsula pose before their plane at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska, recently. Lt. Col. Robert S. Rich, stand- ing left, Baraboo, Wis., ordered the return-fire, directed by T. Sgt. Jesse L. Prim, Ozark, Ark., 3rd from left kneeling. Left to right, standing: Rich; 1st Lt. Harry F. Welch, pilot, Port Huron, Mich.; Lt. Col. Win. J. P. Griffin, Fernadine, Fla.; Maj. Anthony Barry Jr., Washington, D. C.; WO David E. Marlin, Topeka, Kan., and Sgt. James Martini, Nogales, Ariz. Left to right, kneeling: M. Sgt. Thomas P. O'Keefe, Punxsu- tawney, Pa.; T. Sgt. Jesse R. Cope, Pressman's Home! Tenn.; Prim; S. Sgt. Edward P. Abbott, Tampa, Fla.; A. 1C. Charles A. Hall, Tacoma, Wash., and S. Sgt. Jack W. Davies, Wilkes Barre, Pa. (U. S. Air Force photo via AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) MIG Fired First, 850 Leader Says FAIRBANKS, Alaska quick-acting commander of a U. S. Air Force plane said last night he ordered the chief gunner to "fire back" when his B50 bomber was attacked by a Russian-type MIG15 high off the coast of Siberia Sunday. 5 Perish, 5 Injured In N.Y. Hotel Fire TICONDEROGA, N. Y. least five persons perished and five were injured early today in a fire that destroyed the Ticon- deroga Inn. Police said more than five may have lost their lives in the spec- tacular fire, which within minutes made a tinder box of the 75-year- old three-story frame dwelling, a block and a half from the center of this historic northern New York village. The known dead were Desmond La Pointe, 44, owner of the hotel; Michelle La Pointe, about 18, a daughter; Charles Noel, 24, a truck driver who roomed at the inn- Louis Vigilotti, 35, and Wil- liam Miner, 65, both bartenders. Tito Sees Two British Pilots Die in Jet Crash DUXFORD, England UP) Two British jet fighters collided today before the horrified gaze of Pres- ident Marshal Tito, killing both pilots. Then the shaken Yugoslav lead- er, for the first time, saw and Billion Cut in Truman Budget May Be Sought By JACK BELL WASHINGTON UfV-Sen. Taft (R- Ohio) said today a four billion dol- lar cut in former President Tru- man's spending estimates, may be enough to balance the federal bud- get in the year beginning July 1. Taft, the Senate Republican lead- er, said in an interview he be- lieves that from IVi to 2 billion dollars can be whacked off the cost of civilian activities but the remainder will have to come off per hour dive into _ and fired only after the MIG had opened up. The attack occurred as the U. S. plane, on a routine weather flight, cruised north 25 miles out to sea from the Siberian coast. The Air Force said apparently neither craft was damaged in the third such sky encounter between planes of the East and West in a week. It was the first incident reported by the Air Force in which an Alaska-based plane had actually been fired on by Red aircraft. Cloudy, Windy And Colder Tonight; Colder Thursday ti-' TWENTY-FOUR PAGES RUSS ATTACKS WON'T STOP U.S. FLIGHTS Pentagon Studies Report of Fight In North Pacific By C. YATES MCDANIEL r, WASHINGTON W) The U. S. Air Force will continue to fly its wordwide missions despite Rus- sia's shooting challenge to the use of air space over international waters of the North Pacific. That was the word which top Pentagon spokesmen gave out af- ter their study of reports on the first confirmed two-way fight be- tween U. S. and Red military planes outside the Korean war zone. Military officials who may not be named also let it be knowr that the Pentagon had talked down a State Department suggestion to postpone any public announcement of tee incident. Nor Off The Air Force pinpointed the Sun- day incident 25 miles from the coast of Russian Kamchatka, and an Air Force spokesman said the U. S. photo observation craft was operating within standing instruc- tions to stay 25 miles from Rus- sian territory. This is in line with orders to airmen to avoid pro- voking trouble. The State Department had the bare facts of the Kamchatica clash early Monday, it was learned and advised caution in announcing the event because neither the at- taking IG-15 nor the defending U. S. B50 suffered human casu- alties or any apparent damage. The line of reasoning of some dip- lomats ran like this: 1. Silence by Washington might help to smoke out inten- 2. Publicity could weaken psychological impact of the strong U. S. and British protests in re- cent days over the unopposed sen fired on by Red aircraft. i sooting down of two Allied air- President Eisenhower declined craft over Germany. Ask True Story The Pentagon won the decision to announce the Kamchatka affair comment, but there were congres- sional demands for an investiga- tion. The B50, on temporary duty with the 15th'Weather Reconnaissance Squadron at Eielson from Forbes Field, Topeka, Kan., was approxi- mately 100 miles east and slightly north of the huge Russian mili- tary base at Petropavlovsk on the Kamchatka Peninsula. yesterday after mtaintaining the military view that it would be bet- ter to get out the factual story be- fore Moscow could use a perverted version for propaganda to exert diplomatic pressure. The Air Force also argued that the U. S. B50 made its first, brief Rich gave this account of the rep0rt Of the encounter immedi- skirmish: ately after it occurred in clear i g. 3n_u unou tCJ, V it- tu iu His budget-balancing estimates i The B50 had flown from Eielson English and might have been heard much lower than those pre- 1 OVer the Aleutian Islands to a by nonmilitary planes or surface j -I cmmrt are much lower tnan rnose pie-1 over tne Aieuu.au isiauuo tu heard another jet crash the sound >vi madg by other congres. pomt the Kamchatka Peninsula harripr ,__ __j t--j ahmif barrier. Britain trotted out its hottest sional leaders. Truman estimated that during the fiscal year the government will pay out about 10 billion more than expected reve- nues. But Taft said he doubts ex- penditures will rise much, if any, above the present annual rate of about 72 billion. military aircraft for inspection by Tito, who is anxious to get similar planes for the Yugoslav Air Force. The collision occurred during tight formation flying by Meteors. Twenty-four jets in all were in- volved. As four of the Meteors were changing position one ran into the tail of another. The wreck- Taft sam mat vz Dim0n altitude age fell six miles away from this can be taken as a starting point j craft which was at an altitude Royal Air Force airfield in spending can be cut four leet. bridgeshire. I billions below that, it would bal- Rich said the planes which were 'ance the budget. He added: then identified as MIGISs kept "I don't believe, however, that coming on our and suddenly and had been flying north about 25 miles off the Siberian coast for 30 to 40 minutes when the vapor trails of two planes were sighted 10 miles coastward from the U. S. plane. He said the two planes vanished and appeared a few minutes later behind the B50 and some to JUUC 1C. J1 il- TT C Taft said if that 72 billion level feet higher than fte U S When the Meteors returned to land, Tito saluted the planes in tribute to the dead pilots. The accident wiped the Mar- shal's usual wide smile from his 15 I face. He leaped up in horror as the planes came together. Later he was pale and disturbed as he entered the officers' mess for a pre-arranged luncheon. It was the second incident of its kind Tito has witnessed since he left his homeland to pay an official visit to Britain. Six days ago, while The Ohioan opposes a move by he was en route here, three British R6p. Daniel A. Reed (R-NY) to Naval aircraft crashed off Gibral- advance to July 1 a 10 per centj tar. Four men were listed as j cut in income taxes that other-1 missing and presumed dead in that I would become effective next j accident. Jan. 1. we can cflt civilian activities back more than 1% or 2 billion and we will have to get the remainder out of military funds." Taft said that when Secretary of Defense Wilson estimates mili- tary retrenchments it should be possible for congressional leaders to draft an over-all program on taxes and spending. one heeled over into a "pursuit dive" and made directly for the B50. Rich said he immediately or- dered the pilot of his plane, 1st The Air Force had previously re- vealed evidence that Russian planes have scouted Alaska and Northern Canada at infrequent in- tervals in the last few years. England Ending Nationalization Of Steel Mills LONDON Conservative iv, irt- -Rnrnn government's bill to repeal the divrinto a layer of Devious Labor regime's national- dive into a layer 011 Qf the stee, industry won House of Commons approval last clouds at the level As the B50 screamed toward cov- er, Rich said, he beard three or four of the crew members shout over the intercom system: "They're firing at us." "I issued the order 'Fire said. Marshal Tito of YugoiUvia stands with Prime Minister Wins- ton Churchill, center, and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden after being greeted upon his arrival in London Tuesday. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) j The Barabbo, Wis., colonel said members of the crew could plainly see smoke trailing from the MIG's guns as it fired "three or four" bursts from yards away. T. Sgt.- Jesse L. Prim of Ozark, Ark., central flight control gunner, waited until the MIG was within 400 yards and then fired, by re- mote control, a burst of 20 shots from each of six ,50-calibcr ma- chine guns. All of Prim's shots passed be- hind the MIG, which dove under- neath the bomber, came up on the other side in a high climb and vanished. The whole episode .lasted about 14 minutes, Rich said. The 15th Weather Reconnais- sance Squadron has been making routine weather flights west over the Aleutian Island chain and the Bering Strait and to the North Pole on alternate days for. several years. The first air encounter between planes of the West and East oc- curred a.week ago yesterday when a MIG15 downed an American Thunderjet on patrol over West- ern Germany. The pilot escaped alive. On March 12, a MIG15 shot down a British bomber over the Elbe River Valley in Western Germany, with the bomber's seven crewmen killed or fatally flaming craih. injured in the night and was sent to the House of Lords for final action. Little ef- fective opposition was expected in that predominantly Conservative body. Commons voted 304-271 to ap- prove, on its third reading, the legislation authorizing Prime Min- ister Churchill's government to auction off the vast industry after April 5. In a noisy debate before the vote, Supply Minister Duncan Sandys, who is Churchill's son-in-law, said the measure will "undo the folly" of the Nationalization Act of 194fl, passed by the previous Labor gov- ernment. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy, windy and somewhat colder tonight. Thursday generally fair and colder. Low tonight 30, high Thursday 38. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 61; minimum, 40; noon, 48; precipitation, none; sun sefs tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Max. temp. 54 at p. m. Tues- day, min. 40 at a. m. today. Noon readings broken layer of clouds at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 15 miles from west, gusts up to 25, barometer 29458 humidity 65 per cent.