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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 18, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FATR, CONTINUED COLD SUPPORT YOUR Y. M. C. A. VOLUME 49, NO. 26 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 18, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Common Defense Pledged in Pact The Alsops Belgrade Center of Hot Zone Youngdahl Asks 3.2 Beer Control By Joseph and Stewart Alsop j Washington It is time to begin! watching very closely what to Marshal Tito. Many signs, in-! eluding two probable attempts toj assassinate Tito, suggest that the I Kremlin is going all out this spring to stamp out the heresy in Yugo- slavia. Tito him- self has recently taken certain steps of major importance, such as quietly closing the Greek-Yugoslav frontier. And here in Washington, the National Security council has recently reach- ed a vital decision as to American policy on Yugoslavia. Taking these developments in Wants Industry Under State Commissioner Cites 'Intolerable Conditions' in Some Rural Areas By Jack Mackay St. Paul Governor Young- dahl today recomended that the legislature give the state liquor control commissioner power to- regulate the retail 3.2 beer indus-j try. Present law places the entire j Yugoslav dictator is that they rather humiliatingly failed. One is said to have occurred last August, when a bridge was reported dyna- mited in the path of Tito's heavily armored motorcade while he was touring Slovenia. The second experi- ment in medieval diplomacy was supposedly foiled in October, when it is stated that seven soldiers of Tito's guard, who had been suborn- ed by Kremlin agents, were detected and shot. Both of these stories are accepted ters. the hands of local authorities and, the governor claims, there has grown up a "complete hodge-podge" of regulations. The governor said a survey by the liquor commissioner showed that places of about li- censes to sell 3.2 beer on sale at retail are located in types of busi- ness contrary to law. These include bowling alleys, pool rooms, dance halls, grocery stores and filling stations. The lia-uor control department is po b erless under present law to correct THE FAILURE of direct action by their agents has probably in- fluenced the Politburo's planning for its drive against Tito this spring, about which the whole Balkans are already buzzing. The drive is ex- pected to take four forms. There, will be great efforts to detach from! Tito subordinate figures in his gov-j ernment. The blockade of become absolute. The: propaganda barrage of the Comin- lorm will be stepped up by many decibels. And something like an overt territorial attack will be made, by setting up a puppet "Free Mace- theoretically including the region of Yugoslavia with predomi- (Continued on Page 10, Column 3.) ALSOPS Coal Bed Fired As an Experiment To Obtain Gases this situation, he said. Other specific laws which the governor believes are needed to help control what he termed "Intolerable especially in rural areas, are: 1. Givinjr the liqnor commis- sioner authority to approve all on-.ia.Ie liquor licenses. (The commissioner now has power of approval for off-sale licenses.) 2. Vesting liquor the right to make arrests when they find violations of laws regulating sale of liquor or beer. 3. Uniform dosing: of liquor and beer establishments. In a talk prepared for delivery tonight, the governor contends there is no opportunity to obtain the uniformity in regulations that is needed when considering that 774 different municipalities and 87 county boards issue licenses and make regulations. Pointing out that taverns hav- ing merely a beer license can stay iopen an hour longer than hard j liquor establishments, Governor Youngdahl said: "This leads to a difficult prob- lem. Groups of drinkers leave the on-sale liquor places when sale of er rents between House membersjherence to the pact wpuld be an derground bed of coal was for ignition today with may burn for years. T: ment seeks to tap a vast of fuel. Filibuster Over, Senate Turns To Other Work Whole Question Of Civil Rights Laid Aside Secretary Of State Dean Acheson discusses details of the North Atlantic security pact at a "back- ground" news conference in the State department at Washington this morning just prior to release of the text of the treaty. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) House Rent Debate Perils New Farm Bill By Francis M. Le May sharp split ov- Italian Chamber Votes Affiliation By Jack Bell Washington The crushing weight of a Republican Dixie, steamroller left a new debate-gag rule stamped on the Senate's books furious objections by Truman Democrats that it would block action on civil rights. After voting, 63 to 23, last night ito adopt the compromise i tended to stop most future 'ilibus- Senate put aside for the 'time being the whole question of President Truman's civil rights program. That program was at the core of the long rules-change fight. Republicans said the new bill would permit action on civil rights. Ahead was an imposing array of vital administration legislation dealing with rent controls, the Eur- opean recovery program, recipro- Attack on One Means Immediate Aid From Others By John M. Hightower North Atlantic treaty, it was officially dis- closed today would pledge the United States and Allied nations to resist automatically an "armed attack" against any one of by "the use of armed force." Each nation would decide for itself whether military force was "necessary." The pact thus recognizes that in this country only Con- can declare war. The unprecedented treaty, Truman Hopes For Enactment Of Plan Later Key .West, Truman expressed hope today of ultimate enactment of the major part of his program despite oppo- sition from rebellious Southern Democrats and others. The chief executive in a news conference, said that he is trying to pass his legislation through a three-party Congress, made up of Democrats, Republicans and Dixie- crats. And he said the latter are not good Democrats. Mr. Truman said the North At- lantic pact has his entire approval and had that read the entire text- he has approved the _r---- speech on it that Secretary of State cal trade agreements and housing. is making tonight. All are ready for Senate action, with rent controls tabbed for de- Rome-OT-The chamber of deputies, beating down a dogged leftist with rent eontroB tao.eaor ae- nlibuster, voted tonight to authorize the government to negotiate Monday after a routine bas adherence to the North Atlantic defense alliance. The vote on the resolution of confidence in the government's foreign policy was 342 to 170. The pro-communist socialist leader, Pietro Nenni, said Italian ad- representing city districts and those from rural areas raised a little-un- certainty today over the future of farm legislation. In the House fight on rent con- trols, many rural district mem- 'invitation for the invasion of our country." The filibuster ran three days be fore the matter came to a vote. Outside the police-ringed cham- bers' voted 'tor amendments whichjber building, sporadic red-inspired! their city colleagues contended! violence broke out in several would weaken controls in cities. Rome, Milan. Ge- quickly j Committee 300 Million Dollar Education Aid Bill possible "reprisals." Fifteen Democrats and eight Re- A publicans opposed the new rule to aid to education bill got eral members should have gone along" with the city membe a stronger rent control bill. mill town 70 miles from Rome, a 4-hour. general strike was called [to protest police action yesterday without dissent a companion bill to labor and public The committee also approved ss liquor stops and, i bottle or two of liquor, rush out toj tavern to continue their drinking! another hour and, in many eleases, longer. they could be justified or warrant- ed in any way." The House soon will consider leg- islation setting future policy for support, and other vital to rural areas. ss sssft r eler deputies remaining to speak in health program in order to share in _ _ t-Vta the parliament talkathon. Each the federal funds against the alliance. There was a general air of fatigue Some northern Democrats, who as the bleary-eyed deputies shuffled eral grants, depending upon the in- The wealthier the for the lighting at the Alabama I "Many of these taverns are been holding private confer- cated in rural communities where jences to decide on a course of ac- _ _ (Opportunity for policing is limited.'tion of young people often find) Representative Pace way to these taverns and, [House farm leader, sounded an m- iresented the fight on the rent bill, to and from their seats. It gave -V states the most haan nrtvafo nj- cto_i'JUUIel "ic luuou. i aid, To the mining industry the project! is of prime importance. What they're [among them, there often warning to other members.munist Antonio Giolitti rose and to find outiminors' Here in Uke rural areas during the fent charged that many of the specta- 10 ima uui ft th _o nollcine. riphnt.p HP said: iU- UluCll Wltll 1JU CliCULaYC P UCUttLC. flC baiLt. at Gorgas is this Can coal be con- .rf frequently sltj ..j am sure then, that those of Can te h serve-farm districts will anywhere_ concemed for the wei- not be wanting in sympathy and verted into satisfactory heating! without removing the solid fuel'' from its underground seams. tho fare for their youth, wish to of the problems fac- expenmeni ied today by those who serve our city districts. chamber the air of a raiiroad Committee members estimated tion where a late tram is awaited. with minimum state contribu- Occasionally there were tense tne total avanabie for the rings and quick, angry [health program will amount to a year. Committee action sends the two measures on to the Senate. Early One of these occured when corn- tors in the galleries were police is in prospect there. plain clothes. During the early education bill, authorizing iness session today. Behind the Senate was a bitter battle of 16 working days that end- ed shortly before midnight last night when the G.O.P.-southern Democrat coalition.forced Adoption of a debate-limiting rule assailed as ineffective by Democratic lead- ers. Thirty-four Republicans Joined with 29 but ten of them from approve a rule under which the "yes" votes of 64 senators can gag debate any time except change. on a future rules While he declared that of course, Dixiecrats are not good Demo- crats, Mr. Truman talked patient- ly and kindly of the rebellious Con- gress which has dealt him ser- ies of setbacks. He said he still had hope that members of Congress will function aH'right'. After all, he said, it Is a new Con- gress, which has been in session little more than a month since or- ganization was completed. He said he thought we ought to give Congress a chance to act. Mr Truman said he wUl review the legislative situation with Demo- crat leaders at the White House Monday and call in his cabinet for a talk Monday afternoon. The leaders are Vice President Barkley, Senate Majority Leader Lucas, Speaker Bayburn and House Majority Leader McCormack. the last. Its adoption means that two- thirds of all of the Senate's 96 elec- ted members will have to be in the chamber and vote for a gag before it can become effective. Senator Lucas of Illinois, the Democratic leader, predicted there never will be any anti-poll tax, an- ti-lynching or anti-job discrimina- tion bills passed now. because talk won't be stopped under the new rule. Senator Wherry of Nebraska, the G.O.P. floor leader, said the com- promise, which he authored, opens the way as never before to civil rights action. In last night's vote for adoption of the rule, ten Democrats from outside the South joined G.O.P.- Dixie team. They included Senators Frear of Delaware Hayden and McFarland a prominent ?f Arizona, Hunt of Wyoming. John- while gunning for a Korean wprr nf Oklahoma, leader who is a foe of comr The unprecedented treaty, pro- posing for the first time in peace a bind America in an alliance with European nations, was made pub- ic by the United States and the seven other countries which intend sign it here about April 4. This official disclosure of the terms is expected to arouse Rus- sia to new heights in propaganda attacks against the alliance. The Soviets already have denounced it as an aggressive move against them, despite repeated assertions of Western leaders that its aim is strictly defensive. Words In Pact The treaty, words and 14 articles long, provides for creation of a council of the member na- tions, and of a defense committee to strengthen and co-ordinate the defenses of the whole huge region of North America, western Europe and the North Atlantic. An attack against the territory, occupation forces, ships, planes or islands of any of the Allies any- where in this vast area would be the signal for all the powers to spring into action, according to the ;reaty's provisions. The key provision of the pact is article five, which says: "The parties agree that an arm- ed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all: and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective self defense recogniz- ed by article 51 of the charter of the United Nations, will assist the party or parties so attacked by taking forthwith, individually and in concert with the other parties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the se- curity of the North Atlantic area. Loaf-Debated Section "Any such armed attack and all measures taken 'as a result there- ______ ______ of shall immediately be reported The President would not com- to the U. N. security council. Such measures shall be terminated when the security council has taken the measures necessary to restore and maintain international peace and security." That is the long-debated section which, although stopping short of an automatic pledge to go to war, Is designed to put Kussia on notice that an attack on any of the West- (Continued on Page 5, Column L) ATLANTIC PACT ment on the apparent defeat of his civil rights program, the House "local option" rent control bill or the tabling of -his nomination of Former Governor Mon C. Wallgren of Washington as chairman of the National Security Resources board. U. S. Missionary's Wife Killed in Korea Seoul theorized to- day that red terrorists slew the wife early 1947. smaller scale bureau said encouraging were obtained. The second project is going lesulte placesjbest the interests of the farmers ]iquor places we seek to protect the econ- to cities of the first and second class lornier welfare and good standard of staying open an hour later than those in other communities, drink- million tons may be consumed over; M oftgn i living for those who consume the products of the farm." period of many months years. Mining by fire, if perfected, enable the nation to tap a vast new source of fuel. This is in the mil- lions of tons of coal embedded in thin seams that can't be mined eco- rush into cities from some of these outside communities for more drink- are impelled to1 Cooley said he believes city and nomically by ordinary methods. have been snuffed out because we permitted senseless and inconsistent regulations to persist." The governor charged that "pow- country members will "get together and solve our problems in a spirit of mutual cooperation." Also the new process might helps lerful interests that profit from lax- so e new process mg enforcement" often stand offset the danger this country faces 0 ith the first Gorgas experiment as the first of its type in the United States. Several foreign nations, particu- larly Russia, have tried it. Mayo Clinic Finds Mtisrard Gas Useful The governor contended that his recommendations if embodied in law will not interfere with the work of local officials but will enable the state to assist them more ef- fectively and do much to promote uniformities. Stable Conditions Business of mustard gas a weapon of World War I. in ing Hodgkin's disease and tumcrous growths of white blood j chicafo unless business- cells and tissues, has produced j men or consumers get panicky, the some encouraging results, threejnatjon jjjjj year should be only Mayo Clinic doctors reported to- slightly less pos- day. sibly better in 1948, the They said in an article published i government's top economist said in the Journal of American Medical j today. association, that the gas, also call-) AS' a result of "the disinflation ed nitrogen mustard "has limited usefulness" for temporary improvement without ne- is a very j Of sajd Chairman Edwin G. producing Nourse of the President's council cessarily altering or delaying the course of the disease. The report was made by Dr. C. C. Shullenberger. Dr. Charles H. Wat- kins and Dr. Robert P. Kierland, members of the Rochester, Minn., clinic staff. of economic advisors, "we may take off some fat, but we shall not die and need not really suf- He said "It 4s not the voice of pollyanna but of -business statistics that says underlying conditions are sound and basically favorable." ing, let a gun clatter to the floor of the box in which he was sitting. The continued filibuster virtually assured that the vote of confidence stand for the North Atlantic agree- ment would be delayed until after the pact terms are made public today. The Senate was scheduled to begin consideration of a similar vote of confidence today. More than a score 'of communist senators are list- 'ed to speak. Coal Shutdown Cuts Ohio River Freight Pittsburgh Freight traffic on the Ohio river was hit severely teauiiKis aaiiiiica anu vmci Bfuuu.j wiuiers oi j t. today as coal miners start operating expenses, was introduced Republicans who stuck it out to! man Rhee himself declared the kill- tne {ifth day of a two-week "boil- by a bi-partisan group of 14 end against the had shocked the Kepuonc oi day -s Aiken of Ver-i Korea. About 90 per cent of the freight of Michigan, Ivesi Police Chief Kim Tai Sun turned hauled on rivers in the Pittsburgh nger of North all his detectives on the ohio and its tribu- son of Colorado, Kerr of Oklahoma, McCarran of Nevada, Miller of Id- plain ciuuies. LUC canjj me uuj, Mcuarran 01 ncvauct, hours one of these spectators, federal grants to the states for aho. Tydings of Maryland and Popular U. S. missionary woman communism. I Three Koreans were arrested teachers' salaries and other school j of Kentucky. JH. Underwood, 60. Syng- Fanner R. W. Albright, left, looks over one of his cows at Kenyon, Minn., as he and his attorney, Allan E. Pinseth, center, and a neigh- bor, Isaac Emerson, discuss a court decision upholding Albright's contention that a dairy cow is a machine, in considering regulations relating to taxing capital gains. The U. S. appellate court upheld Albright's contention yesterday. Accordingly, gains made in the sale of his stocktn 1945 and 1946 may be assessed for tax purposes at 50 per cent instead of 100 per cent. (AJP. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) f ators. It looks like a cinch to pass the Senate once it gets to a vote. Intended to equalize educational opportunities in the states, the bill provides for federal grants on the basis of each state's average annual income and the number of its chil- dren. Allotments would vary from to a little over a pupil, with the largest amounts going to the poorest states. Public Works Plan Urged in Wisconsin Madison, planning of a state public works program for legislative consideration when there is need to relieve unemploy- ment was proposed yesterday. Assemblyman Molinaro (D-Ken- one of the authors of a joint resolution, told an assembly com- mittee that unemployment Is on the increase. He said people were un- employed in Wisconsin when the resolution was Introduced two weeks ago, and predicted the fig- ure would reach by May or June. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and fair and continued cold tonight and Satin-day. Low tonight 16; high Saturday afternoon 34. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m today: Maximum, 35; minimum 16; noon, 24; trace of snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 7. included Senators Aiken of Ver-j Korea, 'mont, Ferguson of New York, Langer kota, Lodge of Massachusetts, Ma-JHe predicted a break within coal, lone of Nevada, Morse of Oregon i hours. and Tobey of New Hampshire. Film Planned Barge movements are infrequent Mrs. Underwood was fatally these days wounded yesterday by one of twoi Rjver spokesmen said figures hooded gunmen who burst into the number idled are not yet ihome as she was giving a tea. available. 1 Kim told The Associated Press Vienna HI Marc was convinced the gunmen got noted' French movie producer, orders from Korean reas. He arrived at Innsbruck to shoot the believed they were looking for Mrs. exterior shots for his new film j Mo Yun Suk, a foe of communists. "Marie based on A guest said she was to have ad- the novel of Louis Hemon. dressed the meeting. The work stoppage already has made more than railroaders idle, in addition to coal miners. Mystery Marks Uranium Seizure President James L. Merrill of the University of Minnesota pre- sents a diploma to his daughter, Sylvia, a graduate of the college of education and one of 900 students who got their sheepskins in March commencement exercises at the university in Minneapolis last night. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Mexico City Mystery and confusing contradiction marked the story today of the seizure of a small cylinder containing a uranium sub- stance, possibly stolen from an atomic laboratory in the United States. The Mexican secret police said the capsule contained pure uranium 235, the stuff from which atom bombs are made. They expressed be- lief it had been stolen from America which so far as is known is the sole producer of U-235. Attorney General Francisco Gon- zalez de la Vega said later, however, the cylinder contained only an ingot of refined uranium having no ex- plosive power, and not enough of the material to be of much use to anybody. The Atomic Energy commission in Washington said none of its plants or contractors had reported the loss of any material essential to the making of an atom bomb. -Mexican secret police said the investigation now is in the hands of F.B.I. agents attached to the U. S. embassy here. The F.B.I. refused to say .anything about the case. ;