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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 17, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Red Planes on Reconnaissance Mission Over America Contrails Seen On 10 Occasions By Air Spotters One Discovered Near Big Air Base in Greenland By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Soviet strategic air force, as though to celebrate its increasing power, is now flying fairly frequent recon- naissance missions over the American continent. So far as is known. Soviet air reconnaissance in this hemisphere began last summer. The earliest Soviet contrails (which are vapor trails that consolidate in the cold air, in the wake of high-flying air- craft) were sighted over Alaska and Northwestern Canada. Since then, the sightings have been intermittently recorded. So far, approximately ten have been confirmed as undoubtedly result- ing from Soviet reconnaissance missions. Only the week before last, two more contrail sightings were added to the total. One was in Northern Canada, the other in the vicinity of our important Thule airbase in North Greenland, indi- cating that the Soviets are sys- tematically reconnoitering the whole Northern defensive fringe. Air Defense Job These contrail sightings give added significance to the already awe-inspiring air defense choice that now confronts; President Dwight D. Eisenhower. As exclu- sively reported by these corre- spondents yesterday, the Presi- dent is now considering the find- ings of an air defense study group of the most highly qualified Ameri- can Scientists, formed by the Mas- sachusetts Institute Technology under Air Force contract. This is the group known as Project Lin- coln, which also bore the name of the Summer Study Group when the working party was expanded for final review purposes last summer. The scientists of this group have in effect offered the President a simple but enormous choice. On the one hand, they have sol- emnly warned that this country will be nakedly exposed to air- atomic destruction by the Kremlin within the short period of two years. On the other hand, they promised a reasonable measure of security against this fearful dan- ger, if the President will order a comprehensive air defense pro- gram, incorporating the most re- cent scientific advances, at an es- timated cost of to billion. The President must choose wheth- er to spend the money or run the risk. The contrail sightings on the Northern hemispheric fringe bear on the Project Lincoln-Summer Study Group findings in several different ways. They illustrate in the first place the weakness of our existing air defense system. No Warning American planes reconnoitering the fringes -of the Soviet Empire have been rather frequently in- tercepted, and at least one of them Navy Privateer in the Baltic incident has actually been shot down. The Soviet reconnaissance missions have been flown, in con- trast, without once encountering in- terception. Still more .significantly, the con- trails the Soviet bombers left be- hind them have provided, in al- most all instances, the only evi- dence of their passage through our air. Few of the contrail sightings, although regarded as definitely confirmed and leading to defensive alerts, have been accompanied by warnings of the presence of an en- emy from the vastly over-touted "radar fence." The radar sta- tions just were not near enough. This implies, of course, a vital fact that is well known to the So- viet intelligence if not to the Amer- ican public. To all intents, our Northern approaches are a defen- sive vacuum. We lack the depend- able very early warning which is the first and most absolute es- sential of a truly effective air de- fense system. The vast, empty, Northern spaces of this hemi- sphere give us the possibility of building an effective air defense. But by the same token, the diffi- culties of throwing an air warn- ing and. defense net across those frozen, hostile spaces account in large measure, for the enormous estimated expense of a .real air de- fense of the United States. Then too, these sightings of So- viet contrails in our Northern air support the Project Lincoln-Sum- mer Study Group view, that the threat of the Soviet strategic air force cannot any longer be lightly- laughed off. Over North Greenland There can be very little doubt that reconnaissance missions are now being run both regularly and frequently by the Soviet strategic air commanders. Visual observa- tion has had to be largely depend- ed on, to discover these Russian "recon" missions. Visual observa- tion is highly undependable, to say the least, in the depopulated North- ern wastes. If ten contrails have been definitely sighted by our air- watchers, many scores more must have passed unobserved, except by the ermine, the ptarmigan, the Arctic fox and the other creatures of the tundra. The spread of the sightings is also meaningful. The earliest iden- tified Soviet reconnaissance mis- sions almost certainly were flown over the Bering Strait, from the big strategic air base which the' (Continued on Page 13, Column J.) ALSOPS Cloudy, Warmer Tonight With Rain; Cooler Wednesday VOLUME 53, NO. 24 ,SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 17, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAOES P ear A-B Whitehall Man Killed When Car Strikes Culvert Accident on Highway 93 Near Independence INDEPENDENCE, Wis. (Spe- 29-year-old Whitehall man was killed instantly when his 1952 automobile struck a culvert on Highway 93, three miles southwest of here, at a.m. today. Donald Hagen, manager of the Olson Feed Store at Whitehall, was 'dead when a friend, Melvin Halverson, Whitehall, traveling be- hind him 'in a pickup truck, came upon the scene minutes later. Trempcaleau County Coroner Mar- tin Wiemer, Independence, said death was instantaneous. Hagen and Halverson had left Club 93, about 1% miles from the accident scene, together, Halver- son first in his truck and Hagen following in his car. Halverson said Hagen passed him and that he suddenly missed Hagen's lights. When he came upon the wreck he found that the car had hit the left side of the concrete bridge over a small creek on the Ralph Skroch farm. It appeared that Hagen had been trying to turn the car back onto the road, Sheriff .Ernest. Axness. Whitehall, said. The impact of ramming the abutment pushed Hagen into the back seat and near-- ly out the back window ness, who called Traffic Officer Maurice Scow, Arcadia; District Attorney John C. Quirin, Arcadia, and Wiemer, The body was taken to the Johnson Funeral Home, Whitehall. Hagen was born May 1, 1923, the son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Ni- cholai Hagen, Town Preston. Surviving are six sisters and three brothers, Mrs. Ludwig Ericksmoen, Mrs Spencer Knutson and Mrs. Helmer Hermanson, Blair; Mrs. Dorothy Johnson, Whitehall; Mrs. Norman Nelson, Maynard and Hartley Sparta; Norris, Rushford, and Mrs Willard Johnson, Ettrick A Vast Mass Of Boiling Flame seared the desert at the atomic proving grounds in Nevada today a moment after an atomic "device" was detonated on top of a 300-foot tower In the photo at the left, beneath the churning dust on the right side of the fireball is pictured the nearest of two houses built by the Civil Defense Authority to test the effects of the atomic explosion. In the picture at- the right the awesome violence of the blast was caught by AP Photographer Hal Filan who made this picture with a 28-inch lens from Nob News, seven miles from the point of detonation. (AP Wire- photo to The Lunches With Marshal Tito By TOM OCHILTREE LONDON Tito met young Queen Elizabeth II in Buck-. This served] world Queen Elizabeth Knowland Demands Russia Be Branded Aggressor in U.N. WASHINGTON By JOE HALL Cooper of Kentucky said today the sort Russia urged by two of his fellow Kremlin included that the Yugo- slav dictator has made the grade socially in the West. It also marked the first time Britain's Queen has sat across a luncheon table from a wartime Communist guerrilla chieftain turn- ed dictator. But in this cold war period Tito is a dictator with a difference he is feuding with Soviet Russia. Tito drove to the palace after taking in the British Museum and the ancient Tower of London. A heavy police guard .surrounded him on the rubbernecking visit to some ,IW iiiu. -v i LUC i IAJ ouiiiv; Funeral arrangements are incom- j Of the great tourist sights of the plete. Services are temporarily set city. It was done at high speed, for First Lutheran Church, Blair, j The tour lasted 70 minutes. the Rev. K. ing. M. Urberg official- Two Dozen Guests More than two dozen were at the luncheon party, ia- oen. xuiuwiaiiu (R-Calif) told the Senate yesterday the United States should immediately seek to persuade the United Nations to brand Russia as an aggressor in Korea. 2 Million Major Crimes in 1952, FBIChiefSays WASHINGTON FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover reported today Suestsi crimes eluding the Queen's husband, the Duke of Edinburgh; the Queen Mother Elizabeth; Princess Mar- garet and Prime Minister Church- 1. The Queen received Tito in one of the audience rooms on the ground floor overlooking the ter- race and sunlit palace lawns. ill. Wickard Quits As REA Chief Job May Go to Ancher Nelsen WASHINGTON The way is cleared for the appointment of Lt Gov. Ancher Nelsen of Minnesota as rural electrification administra-____ _______________________ tor as Claude Wickard, incum- secret .service agents determined offered his resignation to to keep him safe from assassina- 'resident Eisenhower. tion in England. The precautions Mr. Wickard stepped out of the were dictated by fears of Moscow- picture under Republican pressure devoted Communists, Tito-hating _ British Fascists and Yugoslav monarchists living in exile here. Security measures to safeguard J Tito remained in effect. Yugoslavia's anti-Russian dicta- tor spent his first night on British soil at a secluded mansion on the outskirts of the city. He was guarded by a small army of constables, detectives and despite the fact that his 10-year term in the a year, non- political job would not have expir- ed until June 30, 1955, Although no announcement was made' about his successor, it is known definitely the post has been offered to Lt. Gov. Nelsen. He is not expected to come to Washing- ton, however, until the Minnesota Legislature concludes its session. Mr, Nelsen who was reported by the Pioneer Press on March 6 to have accepted a federal job, repeatedly has expressed a desire to serve out his lieutenant gover- norship. Lately his friends have advised him to serve out the cur- rent legislative session at least Mr. Wickard's resignation is ef- fective immediately. He plans to return to a larm he operates near Camden, Ind. The REA post is a presidential appointment, although the bureau is in the Department of Agricul- ture, Earlier this month Secretary Benson's office would neither con- firm nor deny that Nelsen had been offered the REA position. Reports at that time were that the new administration was pres- suring Wickard to resign even though he previously had said he intended to stay on. Commenting on his resignation, Wickard said today it would be "good specula- tion" to say that he had been asked to leave the job. Wickard has had the full sup- port of the more liberal support- ers of the REA program. than two million major were .committed in the United States in 1952. It was the Knowland advocated the action as part of a program to bring an immediate cold war showdown with the Communists. A second point would be a request from this coun: try that all U. N. members with- draw recognition of Red China. A third was a complete blockade of Red China. Sen. Ferguson ap- pearing on a radio interview last night, said the U. N. should take a firm stand toward .what he termed "treason by Russia to the United Nations." Ferguson Disagrees Ferguson said he disagreed with po m first time such a total has been war> he added: "I can't see reached since accurate statistics that we can cause to take have been kept, he said. aeen xepi, re r Reports submitted to the bureau w an rf, by law enforcement agencies VJ o---------- puoiican .roucy uut nc throughout the country put -the emphasized yesterday he was voic- i Thic is 154 ina rml-tf Kiq rvwm. ronvictionS- total at This is above the 1951 figure. Hoover said every category of major crime showed an increase. "Statistics .show that a major crime was committed every 15% seconds during 1952, and one crime was committed for every 76 per- sons in the general population of the United he said. The compilation listed fe- lonious homicides in 1952 com- pared to in 1951; rapes against aggravated assaults to the year before. "Riley" mascot of the Theta Phi Alpha sorority at Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y., hadn't planned a special observance of St. Patrick's Day. The dog with the Irish name but of unde- termined "nationality" is content with the daily routine of being the darlin' of 60 co-edi. The pretty clockwise are, Ann Gilboy, Surham, Conn.; Carol Fahey, Jtbaca, N. Y.; Carol Mc- Gowan, Mount Vernon, N. Y.; Kay Horan, Union, N. J., and Midge O'Connor of Syracuse. (AP Wirephoto to Republican-Herald) mjght touch a new worid any step she doesn't want to take Knowland is chairman of the Re- publican Policy Committee, but he ing only his own convictions. AH Price Curbs Off 'WASHINGTON govern- ment today abolished all remaining price controls. The Office of Price Stabilization (OPS) announced the lifting of price ceilings on steel, alloys, ma- chine tools, and the few remaining chemicals which had been left, un- der ceilings. Responding to the Eisenhower administration's drive toward a free economy, OPS acted six weeks ahead of the April 30 deadline for expiration of price-wage control authority under the Defense Pro- duction Act. U.S. Bomber Routs MIG in North Pacific WASHINGTON tfl A United States reconnaissance bomber fought off a Russian-made MIG15 jet fighter off the east coast of Kamchatka Sunday. The Air Force, announcing the incident, said today it took place about five miles east of the Si- berian peninsula in the North Pa- cific Ocean. The Air Force gave this account: The U. S. plane, a B50, was on a "routine weather reconnaissance flight from an Alaskan air base." Louis Roesner, Veteran Theater Man, Dead at 72 He took the floor the day after I Two Russian type MIGlS's inter- Georgi Malenkov, the new Soviet Premier, had said peaceful settle- ment of the issues between this country and Russia was possible. Knowland's comment: "Deeds rath- er than words would be more im- pressive." Ferguson, saying he took "a very dim view" of Malenkov's speech, declared: "Communism is really a religion of promises. They operate by prom- ises. When they get in a tight spot, they draw back; and then they come out again. I think we are generally agreed in this coun- try that you can't believe gang- sters who are in a conspiracy." Churchill Rejects Red Barter Deal LONDON Minister Churchill rejected today a Commu- nist proposal to barter a British businessman in a Hungarian prison for a Communist girl guerrilla held by the British in Malaya. Churchill told the House of Com- mons that members of his govern- ment after ernest consideration, had decided they could not enter- tain the proposal advanced by Hungary's Red regime. The decision blasted the hope of Mrs. Winifred Sanders, whose hus- band, Edgar, is serving a 13 year prison term on espionage charges. Sanders, 48, is the cousin of George Sanders, Hollywood movie star. The Communists proposed to trade Sanders 'for Lee Meng, a Chinese glamor girl Red whose death sentence recently was com- muted to life imprisonment. The British said she was one of the top leaders in the Communist ter- rorist campaign ia Malaya. cepted the American aircraft but only one attacked. The U. S. plane "returned fire but there appeared to be no dam- age to either craft." The announcement did not pin- point the scene of the action fur- ther leaving immediately unan- swered the question as to whether the fight took place near the south- ern tip of Kamchatka, opposite the U S. owned Aleutian Island chain, or further north in the Bering Sea. 1st Fishing License WASHINGTON (ft President Eisenhower today received South Dakota's No. 1 trout fishing license and an invitation to attend the Young Republicans National Con- vention in Rapid City June 11-13. Sen. Mundt and Case, South Da- kota Republicans, reported Eisen- hower accepted the license with deep gratitude and promised to decide soon about accepting the convention invitation. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and cloudiness and warmer tonight with rain beginning late tonight Light rain Wednesday turning cooler by evening. Low tonight 35, high Wed- nesday 48. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 43; minimum, 22; noon, 54; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) High 49 at noon today; low a.m. today 25. Clear skies, visibil- ity 15 miles, wind from southeast at 12 miles an hour, barometer 29.94 and rising, humidity 64 per cent. X Louis G. Roesner Louis G. Roesner, pioneer Winona theater man, died at the Winona General Hospital at p.m. Monday following an illness of more than five years. He was 72 years old. Although confined to 219 W. Wabasha St., since 1948, Roesner's condition had not been critical until he suffered a stroke last Friday. At the time of his death he was president of the Winona Theater Co., which operates the State, Avon, West End and Sky-Vu drive-in the- aters in Winona and president of the Rock Amusement Co., which operates the Lawler and Empress theaters in Rochester. Roesner's career in the motion picture field covered a span of 61 years and he was among the first in Minnesota to see the possibil- ities of the industry. His first job in a theater was as program boy in the old Winona Opera House (now the Winona Theater) on its opening night in 1892. From that time on his interest in "movies" grew in intensity arid in 1909 he opened the 300-seat Prin- cess Theater in what is now the Arenz Shoe Co., 75 W. 3rd St. With the huge growth in motion pic- tures this house became too small and in 1912 Roesner formed the Colonial Amusement Co. and built the Colonial Theater, at that time regarded as one of the most beau- tiful theaters in the state. The Colonial was located in the .build- ing now occupied by the Kelly Furniture Co., 166 Main St. Took Over Opera House In 1914, Roesner took over the Winona Opera House and followed this soon after with the construc- tion of the West End Theater. When the Princess Theater building was sold, he purchased the Dream The- ater in what is now Langenberg's men's clothing store at 79 W. 3rd St. In 1926 he affiliated with Fink- elstein Rubin, forerunner of the Minnesota Amusement Co., North- west theater operators, and in 1928 took over the Apollo Theater con- structed by the Beyerstedt broth- ers and renamed it the State which was remodeled and opened to the public early in-1929. Revealing Roesner's pioneering (Continued on 3, Column t) ROESNER Combat Teams, Newsmen Only 2 Miles Away Civil Defense Test Gauges How Homes, Cars Stand Bomb By BILL BECKER ATOM BOMB SITE, Nev. Dawn came in with an atomic rumble today for troops sad hundreds of other observers on Yuc- ca soldiers and some newsmen closer than any human has been since Hiroshima and Nag- asaki. Two combat battalion teams and 20 reporters only two miles from the 300-foot tower where the blast flared at a.m. a.m., CST) came through unscathed. The low, fiery blast sucked dust from the desert floor into a whirl- purplish-red fireball, but little tieat was felt by observers on News Nob, seven miles away. The shock of the blast was sharp and -bounced over the mountains ringing the test site to crack down as far away as Pasadena, Calif., Cedar City, Utah, and points ia between, it was announced here. Brilliant Flash In Las Vegas, nearest sizable city to site, 75 miles away, it flared a brilliant white, over nearly half the horizon, then turned yellow before finally fading away into pink. But it, caused no excitement, and only a few residents reported feeling the sound wave. The test was designed primarily to gsfage how houses and cart through a real blast. The -Admin- istration built two two-story on the proving ground and scattered nearly 70 cars among the Joshua trees. The closer of two Civil Defense houses being tested was believed to be smashed, but a light appear- ed to be burning in the vicinity of the more distant house, feet from the tower. The two two-story homes were erected to help architects design houses with maximum protection. Cottony Cloud After the first flash, the charac- teristic white cottony cloud formed quickly. As it rose to perhaps 000 feet, an ice cap appeared atop the big ball. The peculiar detonation set up a drumlike cacophony that ricocheted around the vast perimeter of the test ground. Within 19 minutes, wind swept the cloud southeast- ward, with its dirty gray high- lighted by the first rose gleams of the rising sun. By that time the top was re- ported at feet. At first, the low purplish burst sucked up dust and dirt from the his home at ,jesert fioor into an angry, brown mushroom. Dust swept eastward along the desert floor finally ob- scured both test houses. Of the dozen atomic viewed by this observer, this one of the smallest. The fireball's brilliance was less and it appeared smaller than most. The AEC an- nounced beforehand that it would have an energy output equal to 15 000 tons of TNT. As the dust on the proving grounds cleared, trucks carry- ing the troops from their for- ward positions could be seen mov- ing slowly towards their maneuver objective many minutes after the blast. George B. Owen, of Phoenix, Arizona's Civil Defense- director, said that in his opinion today's blast "proves that wind currents would have a definite effect on rescue problems." He said the cloud did not: lift sufficiently for rescue work to be done immediately and was too widespread for effective work in case of atomic disaster. Owen was present at last year's drop from a plane detonated at feet A half-hour after the blast, the atomic cloud began to mingle with nature's clouds, all lighted by the early morning sun. With its gray tail, the cloud stretched half the, length of the 16-mile long flat. While the burst did little to warm the spectators on News Nob, in- cluding Civil Defense leaders from various parts of the country, it certainly thrilled the vast major- ity "fascinating and intriguing" and "a challenge for all humanity" were some of the reactions. Senate Committee Approves Erickson WASHINGTON Ml The Senate Judiciary Committee Monday; ap- proved President Eisenhower's nomination of Enard Erickson to be U. S. manna! in Minnesota. ;