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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 16, 1949, Winona, Minnesota CLOUDY TONIGHT, COLDER VOLUME 49, NO. 24 SUPPORT YOURY.M.C.A. WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 16, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES City Teachers Threaten to Quit it I It I Compromise Crop Surplus Plan Awaited Ways of Preventing New Farm Slump Under Discussion By Ovid A. Martin Washington The Truman administration is expected to come up soon with a "compromise plan" on ways of preventing a new farm The AIsops Tax Worry Perils New Allied Pact The Quebec Coliseum, a civic sports center, is shown here after a raging blaze early Tuesday reduced the building into a mass of rubble and twisted steel. Losses were estimated at close to 000. No one was injured. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Five Children Die In Minnesota Fire By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington. The conservative coalition which now clearly com- mands an effective majority In Congress will soon be faced with dangerous choice. Such men as Senator Walter F. George and Sen- ator Robert A. Taft, who bitterly oppose any tax Increase, 'must either stand forth incongruously, as the champions of deficit financing, or they must find some way really decisively to re- duce government spending. The- choice is dangerous because the most immediately painless area of reduction is the proposed rearmament program for Western Europe, without which the Atlantic pact will be hardly more than a scrap of paper. The facts are simple enough. Al- {ire ln a ce neater- ready this year, the government is expected to go slightly into the Middle River, chil-j- dren were injured fatally when fire destroyed a three-room home herej Tuesday. Their mother, who car- ried a daughter from the home, j was burned critically. In "very poor" condition at Mer- cy hospital -at Thief River Falls was Mrs. Riley Sloan, 28. Dead are Karlene, one; Kathleen, three; Samuel, five; Riley, Jr., six, and Karen, two. One child. Harold, ten, injury because he was told by his mother to run for aid. Father Not Home The father, a road construction Potato Surplus Boosts Price Support Costs can help the government save rnon- Mine Strike To End on March 28 district leader of the United Mine Workers said today he sees no reason why the coal mine work stoppage won't end as scheduled on March 28. Some operators have expressed fear the two-week shutdown order- ed by John L. Lewis for miners east of the Mississippi would con- tfnue past the deadline established by the fiery U.M.W. president. Commenting on those fears, John P. Busarello, president of district ,No 5 U. M. W. at Pittsburgh, depression and vast crop surpluses. ,jryly: Farm leaders in and out of Cong-1 "i Can only say that this two-i ress are divided sharply as to whatlweefc period of mourning, called' the government should do. The split in 1948, will conclude March 28." Lewis, himself, didn't have any comment as the work stoppage went into its third day. He calls it a memorial period but also points, out it's the miners' protest against appointment of Dr. James Boyd as director of the II. S. Bureau of Mines. The Senate's interior committee already has approved the Boyd ap- pointment. Now, It's up to the Sen- ate which is expected to aft soon. Shopkeepers serving the idle miners reported the stores are beginning to feel the pinch of thej work stoppage. So are the commun- ities where furloughed railroad workers reside. Warren Cold To Slot Machine King's Denial Sacramento, Calif., Costello's denial in New York that he heads a nationwide slot machine racket leaves Governor Earl War- ren cold. "My experience with rackets, and it goes back quite a few years (Warren previously was attorney general and before that a county is that the people In centers around the question of whether there should be a return to pre-war crop control methods. Secretary Brannan and his ag- riculture department aides are working on a program aimed at bringing the conflicting views to- gether. Measures being studied by the not yet neces- sarily Use of flexible price supports for nonper- "jishable crops, consumer subsidies for perishable foods, and market- ling programs aimed at keeping low quality and low grade fruits and vegetables off food markets. Want Wartime System Some farm leaders want to keep indefinitely a wartime system of rigid price supports for such stor- able crops as cotton, wheat, corn, tobacco, rice and peanuts. This sys- tem directs the department to sup- port producer prices of these crops at 90 per cent of parity. (Parity is a legal standard for] measuring farm prices, designed toj be equally fair to farmers and non- farmers.) This system will be replaced next] year with a setup of flexible sup- ports ranging between 60 and 90 !per cent of parity unless Congress directs otherwise.' Under this sys- tem, supports would be highest in periods of crop shortages and low- est in times of surpluses. Critics contend the rigid supports ,_ _ would force use of rigid production One way you and marketing quotas to prevent wnich, they say, could ey is by eating potatoes. Icost the government billions of dol-, An unexpected surplus in the early Carl Blake, Jr., 13, and his 16-year-old wife, Winifred, are shown at Kalamazoo, Mich., with their three-week-old son, Carl, m, born February 23 in Lakeview hospital, Paw Paw, Mich. The teen-age parents, married last fall, live with her parents and six other young children in a tiny two-room house. The young father is appealing for help in locating a job. His age is below minimum working.limit in Michigan. (A.P. Wirephoto to The-Republican-Herald.) Senate Filibuster Ends With Dixie Bloc Victory By Edwin B. Haakinson and Oliver W. De Wolf long filibuster over and an alliance of Repub- licans and southern Democrats in control, the Senate today moved to- ward a showdown on a modified talk-gagging change in its rules. Before the chamber is a majority-backed opposed as ineffective by a minority made up of Truman Democrats-to let the "yes" votes 64 of the 96 senators end. debate on roost business. Demand Board Reconsider Wage Increase Association Asks For Meeting With Board of Education By Gordon Holte The Winona board of education today was faced with the alterna- tive of granting immediately the wage increases proposed by the wi- nona Public School Teachers as- sociation or losing the services of entire teaching staff at the close of the present school year. Protesting school board action Monday night which rejected the W.PJ5.T.A.-proposed salary schedule in favor of a over-all increase of teachers' salaries, the association met in special session late Tuesday afternoon in the Central Junior High school auditorium to demand an immediate showdown on the wage controversy. One hundred members of the association representing about two-thirds of the local member- ship attended the hastily called meeting. A resolution was drafted and ap- proved placing the teachers on rec- ord as favoring termination of their contracts April 1 if their wage ad- justment requests are not met. School principals, also members of the association, are included in the contract termination resolution. Second Resolution The protesting' teachers also ap- proved a second resolution request- ing a meeting with the school board a delegation from that group- Thursday, at which time the entire admit he told conference yesterday. Costello was named by Warren's worker, was in North Dakota on "culture department to buy more crop in Florida has forced the Ag- thgse WQUld state commission on organized i-iiITT i rii-i'-ma a c npB.n Of Slot in- business, authorities said. The fire broke out about 5 a.m., shortly after Mrs. Sloan tended a than one-hundred pound bags to steady prices. Additional pur- chases may have to be made in other southern states. She reawoke when she detected smoke and aroused the children with the cry, Her oldest child, Harold, ran a half-block for aid as the flames income to drop to ruinously low levels. They also contend low price guarantees would be more likely to promote surpluses because grow- ers would tend to plant more land Potato growers are protected order to offset loss of returns the farm price support law. Last which would result from lower me larni pnue supjjuiu iitw. .uaou year they were guaranteed a min- imum of per 100 pounds. The 1949 guarantee averages The nearly one-third slice was made by congress. red as a result of the tax cut passed by the 80th Congress over President Truman's veto. But the signs are that unless taxes are increased, this will be more than a foretaste of what is to come in the next fiscal year, v. men oegms, on July 1. The Budget bureau that without new taxes, mum deficit will be in the neigh- jexit of the home. clothing of all: is anybody's guess. The bulk of the borhood of six or seven hundred j ihree was afire prices. The ten into the Aifcen Flexible Supports as reputed head of slot in- terests doing an annual business Republicans and southern Demo- crats who sponsored it wrote into this compromise a provision for tin- limited debate whenever a motion is made to change the Senate rules. That's the kind of a motion- made February .28 by Democratic Leader Lucas of Illinois which kept the Senate knotted in a fili- buster that came to a dramatic end at 10 p. m., Tuesday night. At that, hour, bipartisan circula- tors of the compromise announced they had the pledges of 52 members of 01 aiiui- ripmnrrats and ney made public a letter which included 30 Democrats and to support it, and it alone. The 22 said his client had written warren! denying any knowledge of the slot machine racket. iston (D.-S. C.) ended a four hour Sayrng he" tod not received thejand 20-minute speech. He was the wmaker to bold the writ- farm am not ___________ Costello and (receive a letter) I would last letter Warren said letter, warren baia Dixie lawmaker to bold the the controversy began jien mio me AB.AIH ,_., KU passed by the Republican 80th it to admit spread from what authorities said! The Agriculture department plan-jcongress. defective chimney. iners hoped the reduction in sup-i Under it, growers of the basic 31i and Oscar! port prices would result in smaller i jjohnson, 45 neighbors summoned crops. Such assistance on past crops estimates, by Harold, saw ,Mrs. Sloan carry-Jims cost more than the mmi-i. two children toward the front! What will happen later this year million dollars. In view of the sizej As neared the door, she drop- of the budget and the national.ped Karen, but carried the infant, debt, this would be no great shakes, j Karlene, outside and collapsed in But this minimum is based on snow. sorts of assumptions, some of themj jonnson Beat out the flames as Lamb smashed in a bedroom win- dow at the northwest corner of the home. demonstrably false. THE FIRST ASSUMPTION is that the national income will hold Carries Out Three 1949 crop has not yet been planted. Meanwhile, the government is still paying the 1948 price, or 90 per cent of parity, for spuds from last year's bumper crop. The 1948 guar- antee is 60 per cent of parity. (Parity is a legal standard for measuring farm prices. It is de- signed to be equally fair to farmers and non-farmers.) crops would get price supports at 75 per cent of parity when sup- plies of the respective crops were is, neither too short nor too big to meet market needs and to provide a reserve. As sup- plies advanced above normal, price supports would drop below 75 per cent, and vice versa. Plans under administration study would change this to .provide for supports at 90-per cent of parity when supplies were normal. As supplies grew larger than normal, i supports would be reduced, but not Pgrnn ;below 75 per cent of parity. Warren Olney, III, the crime commission's chief counsel, advised Costello had said he was willing to come to California for a hearing, exclaimed: "Fine. There are a num- ber of things we'd like to question him about, including 'Bugsy' Sie- gel." Siegel was slain gangster style Johnston sat down. The filibuster was over. Senators were summoned by a Quorum1 call. 'Unwanted Boy' Put in Hands of Boston Judge Boston, hair cut "like a real 13-year-old Ger- ald Sullivan Tuesday talked to a judge about the new wonder of a world where he was no longer the unwanted prisoner of a jailer mother. It was his second full day out- side the dark prison room where his mother said she kept him near- ly years to hide the shame of his illegitimate birth. The bright-faced lad who "wants to love everybody" was kept se- When they had straggled !ciuded in a foster home until late some of them, sleepy-eyed, frpnp-l yesterday when he was taken to cots in nearby district court Judge Frankland wage dispute would be discussed. Presiding at yesterday's meeting was Alfred Stiff, president of the W.P.S.T.A., who asked that Secre- tary Lewis H. Schoening take an attendance "roll-call" before con- sideration was turned to the school raard wage proposal scribed as "nothing more than ft slap in' the face." At the outset of the session, V. A. Koivumaki, chairman of the as- sociation's salary study committee, reviewed recent developments in the wage wrangle. School Spirit "This afternoon, the annual ath- letic awards program for Senior High school athletes was Koivumaki began. "Team members President Barkley called for a vote on the motion Lucas had made 16 days before. Sd I Te vot, was 78 to 0 to take up the crime commissioner said he j a resolution offered by was a Costello associate. i Wherry of Nebraska, the Senator G.O.P. W. L. Miles. Judge Miles will decide how the boy will grow a state home, with a family or back with his mother. Mrs. Anna F. Sullivan, 45. Argentina Has up. Even the mildest whisper a recession could knock all Three times he entered the burn- Despite the .current surplus some j------ estimates of receipts and jinr structure, returning each time grocers have complained they have j For example, suppose that the tures into a cocked hat. The an unconscious child. jbeen unable to get old _crop price of wheat is a government income Treasury is now which and Riley, Jr., becameitatoes at support prices. They and the supply of the grain collecting would conscious in the 10-below cold. [farmers prefer to sell to the gov-jis normal. Under the Aiken law, I the price support would be 75 per the food trade I cent of or a bushel. Dlummet down At the same time ex- nenditures would sharply increase. Samuel remained still. jernment, A 10-minute search for Officials claim If farm prices present levels, fell much below (who had been dropped by the pain-lcould get all the potatoes it need-j But under the suggested com- paymentsjwracked mother, was in vain. Herjed if if offered a little more than promise the price support present, would "0 up into ten figures. And j body was not pulled from the house the support price, which is a min- would be 90 per cent of or if unemployment greatly fire reduced it to ruins, direct government aid to the un-i Karen was the only victim killed employed would be I in the fire. The others died later expensive. The second assumption is Imum, not a maximum. Buenos Argentina was on holiday today as President Juan D. Peron prepared to take the oath to support the country's new constitution. The strongly pro-Peron General Labor Federation called a 24-hour work stoppage to assure the biggest were presented letters and awards in recognition of other ______ __ ____ their achievements and there was a lot of school spirit. "Last night, the board of edu- cation made its awards to mem- bers of the teaching staff when it recognized their efforts by rejecting well-considered, mini- mum salary schedule proposed by your salary study committee. "Throughout the year, the salary study committee has probed all aspects of the local school financial situation and the result of this stu- dy was a minimum salary proposal which was presented to the board of education's teachers and text- books committee earlier this year. After revisions had been made.'the salary schedule was approved by floor leader, and Senator Hayden It proposes that two- thirds of senators voting be per- mitted to gag debate at any time. In the beginning, that was ac- ceptable to Lucas, most of the Tru- man Democrats and most of the Republicans. But the southerners, fighting any gag that would pave the way for President Truman's civil rights .______ gram, demonstrated by their talk] escaped Sunday, long-haired and in stay away. Officially, Gerald was before the judge on a charge of being a neg- lected minor, a procedure under the Massachusetts law which em- powers the court to take his tody. Today his mother, who has three children, will be arraigned on a charge of neglecting the boy. He they could balk any action on it. When Truman Democrats reject- ed earlier compromise efforts, and Senator Knowland (R.- jat Mercy hospital in Thief River that Falls, 22 miles south of Middle (Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) ALSOPS Mid-March Cold Snap Hits South inid-March coldi snap hit parts of the South today' The mercury tumbled below freezing over areas of Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Georgia and the Carolinas. The cold air spread into the Dixie area from the Mid- dle Atlantic states, where temper- atures generally were below freez- River. Karlene, Samuel and Riley, Jr., died shortly after admittance to the hospital. Kathleen' died at 7 p.m. The family moved to this com- munity last fall from a farm sev- eral miles west. They previously the Kremlin again are crying In Paris French foreign ministry the scalp of Premier Marshal Tito I sources said they are closely watch- lived near Warren, county seat. the Marshall I Fat Shortage Detroit Former Congress- man Harold Youngblood was.the winner today in a court suit invol- ving an ounce and a half of fat. Youngblood told Ordinance Ref- an possible crowds for the ceremonies, the Jead in forming the RUSS PRESSURE ON TITO followers in Yugoslavia. ia policy "hateful" to the Soviet of Yugoslavia. Moscow's apparently renewed ing the situation in southeast Eur- ope. Ministry officials said they Moscow s apparently renewed ope. ministry saiu drive against the "renegade" Yug- had no definite information on any oslav leader is reported to have internal, as well as external, as- pects. Reports filtering out from be- hind Tito's private little iron cur- tain via travelers, foreign emba- ssies and other sources tell of do- mestic difficulties in Yugoslavia. These reports, none of them con- firmed, have popped up in sev- eral places. imminent move there, but concern is 'felt at the prospect of a revival of Russia of the independent Ma- cedonia idea, which would be likely to encounter stiff opposition from Yugoslavia. Such a Macedonian state would Union. The latest blast came from com- munist Vice-Premier Matyas Ra- kosi of Hungary. Rakoski, reported to be the "strong man" of the communist dominated Hungarian government, said Tito and his fol- lowers "betrayed the cause of peace and joined the imperialists." "The people of Yugoslavia will return sooner or later to the fam- ily inew compromise with the south- jerners. Assured that 52 senators will vote down proposals to gag debate either by a majority of those voting or by 49 senators, the southerners joined with the Republicans to take com- mand of the situation and move the administration out. From the sidelines, Lucas was bitter. He told reporters the G.O.P.-Dixie compromise "closes the door on any civil rights legislation." He said it will be almost, impos- sible to get 64 senators to agree to end debate on any controversial matter. He said he will offer a pro- feminine tatters, from his bleak ten- ement room cell. Yesterday Police Captain Fran- :is W. Russell was .besieged with offers of help for the once un- wanted baby. They ranged from adoption to schooling and came :rom many parts nation, outu a wuuiunv of the peoples' democracies posal under which 49, a "constitu- embrace the southern tip of Yug- (communist he said. majority of the; Tito has hit back at the Comin-jaccomplish that result. It seemed oslavia, a piece of Bulgaria and of Albania and a portion of Greece jp-round Salonika. form many times. He also has doomed to defeat. ing, Chattanooga, Term., reported a March 2. eree Oscar Riopelle that he bought The conservative newspaper TJ1-J Diplomatic and intelligence sour- ounces of steak at a store onitimissimo here said yesterday Titojces in Istanbul said yesterday soon will meet "some western world I "something may be about to pop" readme of 21 'above, 'Atlanta's lowj :He said that when he in view of the inter-Jin Yugoslavia. One source who re- _ ____ ____Jt.._ii__ tn IrfoTlTlflOrt CQIrl Vl 2G. The below freezing steak at home, it- came to also covered parts of Kentucky and I only 16 ounces. The former law- Ohio. The mercury dropped to 161 maker contended this constituted above at Lexington, Ky., and over-charge of seven cents. 19 at Covington, Ky. j A store official held out a piece There, were a few wet belts. Light of fat toward the referee and ex- snow fell In eastern Montana, the i plained it had fallen off the steak Great Lakes region and in the New I when the package was wrapped. England states. Rain was reported along the Pacific coast from north- western Washington to Oakland, Calif. However, Ripopelle ruled that Youngblood's "'beef" was the le- gitimate one and lined the store nal situation of Yugoslavia." The Italian news agency Astra said the internal situation in Tito's domain is "particularly delicate in Macedonia, where Bulgarian and Macedonian communists faithful to the Cominform continue to push an active propaganda campaign against the Belgrade government." Propaganda Cltimissimo also said pro-Com- mform propaganda "is spreading if used to be, identified said he be- lieved the .overthrow of the Tito regime is imminent. Criticism from Moscow-line com- munists outside Yugoslavia has been loud Yugoslav reds split with the Kremlim and Com- inform (communist international in- formation They accused Tito of straying from the Marxist-Leninist line as expounded by Stalin and. pursuing charged the Cominform nations were cutting down trade with Yu- goslavia in order to hinder the country's economic development. The Yugoslav leader was believed to have purged his Communist" par- ty of all those upon whom he could not rely last year. Lucas added that the provision for unlimited debate on a motion to take up a rules change "may make it impossible for the Senate ever to change its rules again." "To my way thinking, the co- alition has closed the door for any civil rights legislation at this ses- Moscow, while anxious to getjsion of Congress, nothwithstandins rid of Tito and bring Yugoslavia back among her satellites, does not appear willing to risk driving him into, the camp of the west. Russia has backed Tito's claims against Austria to the .current Big Four negotiations for an Austrian independence treaty in London. __ the fact that the Republican and Democratic parties pledged enact- ment of the 'decent civil rights pro- he declared. Wherry retorted that the com- promise "opens the door for legis- lation that we have not nad before! the Senate in years." Mrs. Anne F. Sullivan, 45, (above) pleaded guilty to a charge of neglecting her 14- year-old son. Gerald, and was held in bail at Boston. Police. Captain Francis W. Rus- sell said child was kept in a locked room ten years. He quoted the mother as saying her son was illegitimate and she wished to hide Her. "secret sin." ing, it had its first reading.1 At this point, Koivumaki explain- ed board procedure in considering amendments to the salary schedule which requires that such amend- ments must receive two readings at successive monthly board sessions before adoption can be voted. Teachers Ignored "Last he continued, "orj proposal actually didn't even receive. a second reading. The board in- stead went into executive session and brought out another wage pro- posal that ignored both the recom- mendations of its own teachers and textbooks committee and the teach- ers salary study committee. "Our spirits should now be at a low lowest they could pos- sibly only for a mo- he went on. "If we have any intestinal fortitude let's come right out and say it if we have any at all, we'll act immediately, firmly and confidently to realize our just requests. We have been working on a salary schedule in which the maximum is be- low the average for Bip Nine conference schools (schools in the Southeastern Minnesota area including. Rochester, Albert Lea, FarJbauIt, Wing, Owa- tonna, Northfield, Mankato and "We're as good as these other- teachers and we're entitled to re- Continued on Page 14, Column 4.) TEACHERS WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observation for the 21 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 32; minimum, 15: noon, 30; precipitation, trace of snow; sun -sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional .weatber on Page .7.. ;