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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 14, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Rain Tonight, Snow Ending Sunday Morning VOLUME 53, NO. 22 SIX CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 14, 1953 Czech Dictator Dies Klement Gottwald TODAY New Trend In Nation Alarming ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON A few days ago, after being somewhat critical of the investigative methods of Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, these report- ers received the following letter froai Chicago. Dear Sir: I like the work that McCarthy does by uncovering Moscow ter- mites but it seems to us (me and my friends) that you just hate any one that tries to get the Moscow agents out in the open. Funny it is not the working class that the Red Jesuits can hoodwink so easily, but the so-called bah! Yes, we think you do a very good service to Big Joe Yours truly, E. 0. Lipen- sky. A great number of similar let- ters are invariably received when- ever a critical reference to Sen. McCarthy appears' in this space. About half of these communica- tions, most commonly anonymous, are obviously the work of neurotics and paranoiacs. They reek with anti-Semitism and other ugly symp- VIENNA, Austria Klement Gottwald, 56-year-old president and dictator of Czechoslovakia, died to- day. Prague radio announced his death. Since Friday the radio has been broadcasting news on his con- dition, after reporting that he was stricken with pneumonia and pleur- isy the day after returning from Moscow, where he attended Prime Minister Stalin's funeral. Although Russian doctors were summoned in an effort to save his life, Gottwald succumbed just nine days after the death of Stalin, his life-long friendj and idol. Although the radio hinted that Gottwald had been afflicted be- cause of Moscow's icy winds, West- ern diplomats in Vienna said they thought many Czechs would regard the suddenness of the president's death with considerable skepticism. They said it seemed almost too much of a' coincidence that two Communist leaders would die with- in a fortnight. There were even some hints that Gottwald had been "purged" in this fashion-by the new Kremlin regime headed by Prime Minister Georgi M. Malen- Ikov. I The Prague Radio announced that Gottwald died at 9 a.m. (4 a.m. CST) today. "Everything possible was done to save his an official an- nouncement issued by the presid- iums of the government and the Communist party said. At his bedside, nouncement, were said the an- many famous Obviously Pleased with him- self, Col. Royal N. Baker of McKinney, Tex., posed next to his plane in Korea after down- ing his 12th Communist MIG. His performance gave rise to reports that the U.S.A.F. was using a new "miracle gunsight" but Baker said his aircraft was equipped with his "old re- liable gunsight" he had been using since his arrival in Korea. Sabres Down 3 Communist MIGs Over N. Korea By STAN CARTER SEOUL UP) Allied Sabre jet pilots knocked down three Corn- Soviet specialists, together with the nation's top doctors. Tornado Kills 14 in Texas, 3 In Oklahoma HASKELL, Tex. W-The count stood at 17 today after ram- paging, marauding tornadoes struck towns in a zig-zag pattern across Central West Texas and Oklahoma. Texas counted 14 of the dead in I of the 4th fighter-interceptor group, Russ Veto Puts U.N. in Scramble For Lie's Post Soviet's 56th 'No' Blocks Seating of Canada's Pearson By OSGOOD CARUTHERS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Soviet veto by representatives of the new Malenkov regime threw U.N. delegates once again today into a wide-open scramble for a successor to Trygve Lie as secre- tary general of the United Nations. The Russians cast their 56th veto in the 11-nation Security Council last night to wash out a powerful nine-vote majority for Canada's Lester B. Pearson. The Canadian foreign secretary, president of the U.N. Assembly, was backed by Britain and France. The United States managed to muster only five than a its candidate, Car- los P. Romulo of The Philippines. The lack of a majority made it unnecessary for the Russians to use the veto in his case, as they had threatened to do. Russia's Candidate Russia's candidate, Polish For- eign Minister Stanislaw Skrzeszew- ski, got only one the Russians. There vvere three votes against him and seven abstentions. After four-hours of wrangling in the oak-paneled conference room, council members decided to ad- journ attempts to find a generally acceptable candidate until next Thursday. Meanwhile, the five permanent members the U. S., Britain, France, Russia and Nationalist to hold private con- sultations in an effort to break the deadlock. Any one of the five can veto a munist MIG-ISs today and the Air candidate and all five must be Force announced that the Korean War's top jet ace, Col. Royal N. Baker would fly no more combat missions. The Air Force said Satire pilots, utilitizing a secret gunsight, shot down three MIGs, probably de- stroyed two more, and damaged two additional Red jets. among the majority voting for a successful nominee. If a candidate fails to get a majority, a negative vote by one of the five does not constitute a veto. Some diplomats felt the defeat of Romulo put the U. S. in a humil- iating position and demonstrated that .all countries in the West do not meekly follow American orders. But Romulo said he was confi- A spokesman said Baker, of Me- j dent rf only five votes before Kinney, Texas, decided himself not j Jheeting and was certain of a Rus- to fly any more. As commander j sian veto if he reached a majority. the Friday-the-13th storms. An undetermined number of per- sons were injured and damage was expected to run into the millions of dollars. Three small Texas towns and toms of mental illness in political j their farm O'Brien form. They convey the impression xnox the brunt of 'the wild winds. A woman wis killed at Bradley, Okla., as a twister smashed southeastward across that state, taking heavy blows at Rush Springs, Lawton, Ft. Sill and Dickson, where two other persons died. Hail ai Big at Golf Balls that the sewers of our public life have burst, and the accumulated filth is flowing in the streets. But there are other letters, which de- serve more serious consideration which come from quite honestly puzzled people, these puzzled peo- ple write, in effect: "McCarthy is against Commu- nism. You're against McCarthy Doesn't that mean that you're in favor of Common Stand This attitude has become such a common phenomenon nowadays that it perhaps justifies a personal word. lin the first place, these re porters venture to claim an anti- Communist record that is consid- erably longer, and more consistent, than the record of Sen. McCarthy himself. One of them passed the war years in China, as a member of Gen. C. L. Chennault's Flying Ti- gers, as a trusted adviser of Chiang Kai-shek's government, and as an officer of Gen. Chennault's 14th Air Force. In these different capaci- ties, he was one of the first Ameri- cans to warn the government in Washington of the acute post-war danger represented by the Chinese Communists. He consistently fought the military policy in China that was then strengthening the Chinese Communists. The historic record will show that these efforts produced significant results, decidedly out of proportion to the standing of their maker. The knowledge derived from these game efforts was the foundation, in turn, of the first comprehensive and reasonably accurate discussion of the American failure in China, which was published by these re- porters in 1949, one year before Sen. McCarthy started his Red- hunt. Formed in 1946 The other member of this part- nership had no share in politics un- til 1946, when the partnership was formed. At that time, there was hardly a single American news- paper man with a natjional audi- ence, or a single leading American politician, who was warning against the menace of Communism in America, or even against the'men- of the Soviet Union. Yet at that time, infiltration had Kone so far in the labor movement, for instance, that the Wisconsin CIO was virtually controlled by Communists. These same Wisconsin (Continued on Page 12, Column 4) ALSOPS he had completed more than 125 missions. The usual number of combat missions is 100. The Soviets were believed to have cast one of the two votes against him. There were four abstentions. The Philippine ambassador said if his name comes up again he 'ex- Jap Cabinet Falls Diet Is Disso KfciV Emergency Police Attached a towline to one of the cars that was stopped dead by a sudden earth slide resulting from a storm Friday, on Cross Island Parkway in Queens, N. Y. Owner of the Cadillac, foreground, Maj. Harold Harty of New Rochelle, N. Y., had to await bulldozer to be pulled out. The city had its heaviest sus- tained rainfall in three years. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) State House Passes Party Label Measure ST. PAUL proposal to require legislators to run for office with party designation received its biggest boost since the middle 1930's Friday when the House passed a party label bill 88 to 36. The bill won after leaders in both the conservative majority and liberal minority factions threw their support behind the measure A fourth comTnunity in Texas, noon, warplanes smacked the Reds Rochester, received minor dam-1 from' the battleline north. Four age from the tornado. Hail as big! rail bridges were claimed knocked as golf balls lashed Lawton, Okla., out. and Ft. Sill .with damage esti- mated at more than dollars. The Air' Force said its fighter- Pects0to Pick U-D He added 4. v i that Pearson may lose some sup- bombers swept almost to the Yalu J River border of Manchuria during the day and plastered Communist supply and troop facilities. Fighter-bombers scored a field day against Red rolling stock, hit- ting 67 boxcars in one strike. Dur- j ing the day, 30 boxcars were i destroyed or damaged. Despite closing skies in the after say that the Oklahoma twisters were the same, but their directions and time indicated they were spawned of the same deadly weather. Jud, Tex., was the first hit. Then the black funnel smashed near O'Brien, Rochester and finally Knox City. A little later, Oklahoma residents scurried for shelter from the storm. port as a result of the intense back- stage dealing going on. La Crosse Judge Delays Sentencing LA CROSSE ffl Circuit Judge Lincoln Neprud Friday postponed until March 20 the sentencing of two young soldiers convicted Wed- nesday of third degree murder in The Sabre pilots hit the MIGs j the death of Cpl. Frank Walla, 42, million in a series of swirling fights as Seward, Neb. I high as feet over MIG alley, j Dist.-Atty. John Bosshard agreed would not I Tne battle swept to the Yalu River I to the postponement which was re- ami Texas Ias the Red Pilots quested by Atty. Robert Joanis, 1 The swirling air battles and fighter-bomber strikes climaxed the second straight day of relent- less Allied blows on Red Korea. Ground action was extremely light. Allied troops threw back three small Communist probes on the muddy Central and Eastern Fronts. But Aljied artillery guns caught several of Reds defense counsel for Pvt. Thomas Reilly, 19, Detroit, and Pvt. Wayne Kamp, Postville, la. Joanis said he would confer with Atty. Arthur Sheridan, Waukon, la., the other defense counsel, about preparing what he called "usual motions" in connection with sentencing. He indicated that there would not out "in the open and pasted them I be an appeal to the state Supreme with shells. I Court. View Shows Some of the damage done by tornado which took four lives at Knox City, Tex., and 10 lives elsewhere in nearby communi- ties. Exact number of those dead as ft result of the tornado activity on the West Texas towns is not known. An estimated 300 houses were damaged in Knox City, a town of persons. This aerial view was just 3 hours after the tor- nado struck. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) which also is favored by Gov. An- derson. Minnesota's legislatures have run without party designation sinoe 1913. The proposal has been re- vived in recent years. Once it was killed on the House floor and once in committee. The measure has another hurdle to clear in the House before going to the Senate where it is expected to meet stiff opposition. Rep. Eric Friberg, Roseau, a con- servative who strongly opposed the proposal, served notice of intention to move to reconsider. He has two days in which-to make his motion. the last-minute rush this year that typified other years. get Friday.s House action in the But local agencies are still pre- pared to meet a last-minute rush Income Tax Returns Due Next 2 Days Deadline for filing federal income tax returns is midnight Monday, but local authorities don't foresee should it occur. Extra service is being planned by the Postoffice. The money or- der ordinarily closed Sat- urday afternoon, will be open until 5 p.m. today for the convenience of persons filing income tax returns with money orders. The Postoffice doors will be open until midnight Monday instead of the usual 11 p.m. closing time. Postal authorities said today all mail "will be postmarked when de- posited." They don't anticipate any heavy rush and the normal crews will be in force. Postal patrons were warned, how- ever, to be sure to have sufficient postage on their income tax re- turns. Neither the state nor fed- power to suspend for up to 30 days Viroqua Crash Kills Policeman, Youth, Trucker VIROQUA, Wis. (Si An auto transport truck and a police squad car collided into flames Friday night, burst and killed a police officer, a 15-year-old youth and a truck driver. Authorities identified the victims as Curtis Starry, 29, Viroqua of ficer; Conrad Thurin, 15, son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Thurin, Viro qua, and Dennis Corr, about 35, of St. Paul, the truck driver. Vernon County officers said the transport almost ran over the squad car near a county road inter- section with U. S. Highway 14 near here, with both vehicles bursting into flames. They could give no reason why young Thurin was in the squad car other than that he was a friend of Starry. eral income tax agencies will pay postage due and if postage isn't enough, the returns will be sent back to the sender. First class mail rates are 3 cents an ounce. Norbert D. Schmitt, local inter-1 nal revenue agent, said today busi- ness "has been slacking off late- ly." He noted'the heaviest rush of j people seeking aid on income tax i problems during the last three weeks of January. It was his opinion that persons are becoming more prompt in fil- ing returns, choosing to file early rather than wait until the last minute. Nevertheless, his office on the second floor in the Postoffice will be open from 7 p. m. until mid- night Monday, should anyone seek ielp. Harry Iliff, internal revenue agent from St. Paul has been here the past month to aid Schmitt serv- ice persons in this area. He return- ed to St. Paul today. Because March 15, the usual fed- eral income taxMeadline, fell on a Sunday, another day was added. Deadline for itate income tax returns it Sunday, however. State Income tax forms carry the instructions "Mail on or befor. March 15, 1953." U.S. Dairy Embargo Hurts New Zealand WASHINGTON Zealand says she finds it difficult to under- stand why her traditional friend, the U. S., has clamped restrictions on imports of her cheese, dried milk and other dairy products. Bill Encourages Local Inspection Of Restaurants ST. PAUL W) Cities and vil- lages would be encouraged to set up their own program of in- specting restaurants and drinking establishments under a bill await- ing consideration today by the Appropriations Committee of the Minnesota Legislature. The House Health Committee ap- proved the bill Friday but then sent it to the Appropriations Com- mittee because it calls for a change in the present distribution of li- cense fees which would be upped from to Before recommending it for pas- sage, however, the Health Commit- I tee eliminated a provision that MADISON UP) An economics j would establish a card system of professor told a group of Wiscon- A B and c gradings of estab. sin industrialists Thursday he saw jishments. Representatives of the 66 needed for passage. Reps. P. Kenneth Peterson, Min- neapolis, Republican state chair- man, and A. F. Oberg, Lindstrom, led the drive for the bill. Inmates of state penal institu- tions would get a pay under a bill introduced Friday by Rep. John F. Howard, St. Paul Park. The increase was recommended by former Warden Leo Utecht be- fore a legislative committee. The current 15 to 65 cents a day pay rate would be raised from 30 to a day under Howard's bill. The Senate laid over until next week action on a municipal liquor store bill which would give the State Liquor Control Commissioner operation of any municipal liquor store where any officer or employe was convicted of liquor law viola- tions. The bill has Hoose approval. C jGGS no indication sion. of a major depres The prediction came from Dr. Leo Wolman, of Columbia Univer- sity. He spoke to a University of Wisconsin institute. industrial management WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Rain to- night changing to snow by early Sunday morning and ending. Gen- erally cloudy and colder Sunday. Low tonight 32, high Sunday. 37. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 38; minimum, 29; noon, 36; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Maximum temperature 35 at p. m. Friday; minimum 30 at a. m. today. Noon overcast at 800 feet, visibility 7 miles, wind 12 miles- per hour front east northeast; barometer 29.90, falling; humidity 88 per cent State Board of Health said it would be difficult to conduct.inspections on that basis. Mrs. Coya Knutson of OWee is chief author of the bill. Co-authors are Reps. Odean Enestvedt, Sacred Heart; John D. McGill, Winona; Edwin Odegard, MiJaca, and Hen- ry Appeldorn, Pipestone. With the exception of Odegard, all are mem- bers of the minority liberal fac- tion. A principal provision in the bill decrees that inspection of restau- rants, eating and drinking estab- lishments and places of refresh- ment must be regulated by tie health board "in accordance with the sanitation requirements as set out in the U. S. Public Health Service's 'Ordinance and Code Reg- ulating Eating and Drinking Es- tablishments.' The measure further provides that local communities which de- sire to operate their own sanitation programs may do so and the state would be relieved of the jnspec- tional responsibility, according to Mrs. Knutson. Communities with their own inspection setups would get back from the state of the .license fee. House Votes Out Governing Liberal Party Prime Minister Yoshida Orders National Election TOKYO Wl Japan's rebellious Diet tonight toppled the pro-Ameri- can government of Prime Minister Shigeru Yosbida. The wily politi- cian immediately dissolved Parlia- ment and called for new national elections. Yoshida. tentatively set April 19 for the elections. His cabinet will serve as a caretaker government until a new Diet is elected. Japan's latest political crisis erupted when the Lower House passed, 229-218, a vote of non- confidence against Yoshida and the cabinet. The prime minister's Lib- eral (actually conservative) held a 245-221 margin in the Lower House. But tonight more than 20 members of dissident factions with- in the Liberal party bolted and voted against Yoshida. Three major opposition parties joined the rebellious liberals. Yo- shida had survived crisis after crisis during nearly five years of rule under the Allied occupation and Japan's newly won sover- eignty. Foreign Policy The 74-year-old politician has followed the United States lead closely in his foreign closely to suit some of the opposi- tion. But the non-confidence vote does not necessarily mean the opposition wants to break ties with the U. S. The opposition, which includes the Progressives, rightwing and leftwing Socialists, protested main- ly against Yoshida policies which Shigeru Yoshida it complained would again make Japan a police state. Yoshida wai pushing three bills to tighten gov- ernment controls over labor, the police and schools. vote to throw out Yoshida came after tense day of debate in the Lower House and dozens of conferences. Immediately afterward Yoshida'g deputy, Taketora Ogata, handed the Diet speaker an imperial re- script announcing dissolution of the Diet. The paper from Emperor Hirohito was merely a parliamen- tary formality. Yoshida dissolved the Diet last Aug. 28. At that time the prime minister was struggling with Ichiro Hatoyama for leadership of the Liberal party. Informed Sources Informed sources said he dis- solved the House and called for new elections for the following Oct. 1 because he felt his hand would be stronger against Hatoyama than if he waited. Technically Emperor Hirohito is the only one who can dissolve the Diet, but he always follows the suggestion of his prime minister. Representatives debated through- out today and tonight in a tense chamber as three major opposition parties pressed the motion against Yoshida. After dissolving the Diet Yoshida issued a statement accusing his opponents of playing politics in- stead of discussing legislation. "The government has been per- severurg. But in the face of thk deplorable situation, there is no alternative but for the government to ask for the judgment of public. basis professed in the non- confidence resolution is entirely un- warranted." Whether Yoshida. can get the peo- ple to back him again in a new and expensive election is debatable.: ;