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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 14, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday; Same Temperature VOLUME 52, NO. 23 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 14, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES Write-in Votes Must Be Counted Talk of Ultimatum To Reds Denied By ROBERT EUNSON TOKYO are cropping up again that the Allies are get- ting ready to give the Reds an "ultimatum." says Brig. Gen. William P. Nuckols, spokesman for the United Nations truce delegation. Since the talks began last July, there have been half a dozen deadlocks where neither side seemed able to take a backward step. The current beadon collision at Panmunjom is over two major Reds want the Russians named as neutral observers to ad- minister details of the armistice. The U. N. command delegates say "not on your life." U. N. command wants vol- untary repatriation for all prison- ers; that is don't send anyone back TODAY Everybody Wrong As Usual By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON It sometimes seems' that the American voter, that testy and unpredictable fel- low, takes a sly pleasure these days in confounding the profession- al politicians, the self-appointed experts and everybody else. For what stands out about the New Hampshire primary is that every- body was usual. The supporters of Gen. Dwight B. Eisenhower were wrong. They were wrong as far back as Feb- ruary 15. On that date, the Eisen- hower leaders, including Gov. Thomas Dewey, and Sens. Cabot Lodge, Frank Carlson and James .Duff gathered in a New York hotel to discuss the Eisenhower pro- spects. And they were so convinc- ed that Eisenhower could not win unless he were present in person to campaign that they made a Col- lective telephone call to Paris to tell him so. Ika Firm When Eisenhower stuck to his initial position, a black mood fell on the Eisenhower camp. In New Hampshire, Sen. Lodge was at pains to say that the preferential primary would not mean very much. All the other'Eisenhower leaders privately took a dim view of the general's chances. A day or so before the primary, there was much talk in the Eisenhower camp of sending a sort of polite ultima- tum to the general, if he lost badly, asking him either to return and campaign or to withdraw and get his followers off the hook. But Taft and his supporters were equally wrong. If Taft had main- tained his original position that he entered the New Hamp- shire primary.only as a sort of gallant gesture against hopeless might have emerged al- most unscathed. But when he in effect predicted the capture of four delegates (which the faint-hearted Eisenhower men were ready to concede him) and said that he considered the preference primary a "horse he opened him- self up to the severe political wound which he has now suffered. Kffauvcr Surprised As for the Democratic primary, nobody was more wrong (except possibly one of these reporters) than Sen. Estes Kefauver himself. it may be worth describing an interview with Kefauver which took place a few days before his resounding victory over President Truman. The interview was "not for attribution" at the time, be- cause Kefauver wanted to talk frankly but did not want to com- promise his chances. And it is worth recounting now, if only be- cause it suggests the element of mystery which lends American politics its peculiar fascination both to- participant and spectator sportsman. The talk took place in the usual dingy hotel bedroom, after a Ke- fauver rally in the usual dingy hotel "ballroom." The rally was sparsely attended, consisting largely of non-voting teen-agers wearing cardboard coonskin caps. Kefauver, obviously tired, had spoken haltingly, and with about as much fire as a turtle. Later, talking to one of these reporters, he seemed near the end of his tether. No. he said sadly, he knew he didn't have a chance, with both labor and the whole Democratic regular organization working j against him. He might just take a single delegate, but no more. As for the preference primarv, he would be delighted if he scored, say, 40 per cent of the total. Poor- mouthing to reporters is a familiar political technique, but Kefauver certainly seemed quite honestly convinced that he had no real chance. LittU Support in South It is still remarkably difficult to take Sen. Kefauver really serious- ly as a Presidential candidate, since he has little support in the' South and he has alienated most of the Northern Democratic organ- ization men. As for the effect of Kefauver's triumph on President Truman, the possibility that this might arouse in the President his famous streak of Missouri stub- bornness must be balanced off against the fact that Truman, af he runs at all, wants to run against Taft. not Eisenhower. unless he wants to go. The Reds say "not on your want them all." Meanwhile, half a million men on each side squat in foxholes and watch each other uncertainly along a restless front. Even if the Allies were consid- ering an ultimatum, what good would it do? Need More Men The unqualified opinion of an of ficer in this command who know as much about what is going on in Korea as anyone else is tha four more divisions are needed to drive the Communists back to thi Yalu river. "The advantage we held in July is lost now, unless we build up our he said. The Allies still hold the upper hand in the air. But the World War II Model B-29s malting the run up to MIG alley every night aren't getting any younger. The Navy has been shelling Won- san daily for more than a year, but every now and then a de- stroyer going into the harbor for closer range gets shot up by shore batteries. Meanwhile, Communist supplies in Korea are mounting. This week Gen. Matthew head- quarters' announced it was certain most of these supplies were Soviet- made. The Reds have taken time to dig in so deeply and so well, there is no hope of smoking them out now without heavy casualties. Military pressure, meaning more casualties, has to be applied be- fore the Communists will talk. At least, this is the opinion of Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, chief U. N. delegate. Talk or Elsa But suppose the U. N. conimani gives the Reds an ultimatum: "Talk or else." "Or else "Or else we'll bring over ou B-36 atom bombers and pulverize the cities in Manchuria and China "Or else we'll bring over our fivi divisions from Europe and throw them into the Korea battleline. "Or else we'll blockade China with the Seventh Fleet. "Or else we'll open up on U. S production and mould every car washing machine and plowshare it sight into a tank or a steel nosec shell." That, in the opinion of men out here who should know, is the only kind of ultimatum that would do any good. Excluding that, the only thing is patience. There have been stalemates be- fore, both at Kaesong and Panmun- jom. The issue over the 38th parallel almost blew up the talks in August and September. It took months to make the Communists hand over a list of prisoners. The Reds might be planning on talking for years. If the Allies want to talk to them, perhaps they'll have to plan on a long time too. Two Firemen playing a dwindling stream of chemical, fight a losing battle as gallons of high octane gasoline go up in flames at Min- neapolis. William Day, driver, escaped from his cab just as flames enveloped the truck. He said the truck hit a deep chuck hole on the outskirts of Minneapolis this morning, breaking the axle. As the truck settled, sparks from dragging metal ignited a thin traE of gasoline that began to leak from the tank. In seconds the whole truck was ablaze. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Revenue Bureau Revision in Effect Tonight Senate Gives O.K. By Vote Of 53 fo 37 WASHINGTON tfl President Truman's controversial plan to re- organize the Internal Revenue Bu- plan he said will help wipe out corruption in comes law at midnight tonight. The Senate gave the President his biggest triumph thus far in the 1952 Congress by approving the plan 53 to 37 late yesterday after two days of debate. Senators, by endorsing the pro- gram, gave up one of their cherish- ed and time-honored the right to participate in naming internal revenue .collectors in the states. 7 Collectors Fired Truman and his Senate support- ers argued that the elimination of political patronage from appoint- Legal in Primary, Burnquist Holds Decision Will Permit Ike Forces To Stage Campaign in Minnesota ST. PAUL General J. A. A. Burnquist said today: "It is my opinion that 'write-ins' and if used in the Minne- sota primary be counted and reported with election returns." The question was put to Attorney General Burnquist by Secretary of State Mike Holm in connection1 with a write-in drive for Gen. Eisen- Senators Unlikely orris By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON stormy Senate investigation of lush ship deal profits and trading with thi Chinese Reds ends today. And with apparently, ends a threat to ite government cleanup man New mid Morris for contempt of Con gress. Senatorial, tempers still smol- ered over Morris' statement thai the diseased minds" of some o: the lawmakers have subjected him o "insinuations and innuendos.' There was every indication that Russia Hints Of New MIG MOSCOW Cfl indicated today she has a new MIG plane designed by the same plane-build- ing team who conceived the Korea proved MIG15 jet fighter. The hint came in the award of Stalin prizes for aircraft to Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurcvich, designers of the MIG series, and 16 other members of Mikoyan's airplane engineering bureau. Mi- koyan's first prize came to 150- 000 at the official rate. Andrei Tupolev, a specialist in designing long distance bombers, also won a first prize of rubles. B ike Visits Pinay PARIS Dwight D. Eis- enhower, and his chief of staff, Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, con- ferred with French Premier An- toine Pinay and Defense Minister Rene Pleven today. Japanese Peace Treaty Assured In United States WASHINGTON The Senate turns to the Japanese Peace Treaty and three Pacific security pacts today with strong bi-partisan support assuring ratification. A vote is expected early next week. Chairman Connally (D-Tex) of the Foreign Relations Committee planned to lead off the debate. His committee gave unanimous ap- proval to the treaties, saying they help prevent a new war in the Far East. Little opposition was in sight, al- though Sen. Jenner (R-Ind) has said he intends to offer some res- ervations. The peace treaty was signed at San Francisco last Sept. 8, six years after the Japanese surcend er. Russia and her satellites refus :d to sign. The three Pacific security pacts which also require ratification by i two-thirds Senate vote, are with apan, the Philippines, and Austra- lia and New Zealand. In its report to the Senate, the foreign Relations Committee said these three pacts constitute an integral part of the peace settle- ment in the Far East" The Security Treaty with Japan grants the United States the right to maintain land, sea and air forces in Japan. There is no limit on the size of these forces or the duration of their stay. Gen. Omar N. Bradley, chair- man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, had expressed concern that U. s! military operations in Korea might be hampered without such an agreement. The proposed resolution ratify- ing the peace treaty would put the Senate on record as sayings that nothing in the treaty was deemed to give Russia any claim to South Sakhalin Island or the Xurile Js- lands. It also states that ratification of the treaty does not imply recogni- tion by the United States of any provisions of the wartime Yalta agreement ia favor of Russia against Japan, I his troubles on Capitol Hill were far from over. But the talk of citing him for contempt subsided. On this final day of public hear- ings, the Senate investigations sub- committee centered its attention C-47 Cargo Plane Explodes, 6 Men Killed BAY MINETTE, Ala. Air Force C-47 cargo plane burst into flames high in the air yesterday. _._ _______ Six of the seven men aboard died anew on the 3V4 million dollar as the ship smashed into a pine "It it i The Yalta agreement, signed Feb. 11, 1945, provided for hand- ing over the strategic Kuriles and South Sakhalin to Russia. Russia profit which Joseph E. Casey, Washington lawyer, has acknowl- edged, the ship deals produced for him and other public figures.on a investment. Windup Witness As its windup witness the group called Raymond S. McKeough, a former member of the old U. S. Maritime Commission and a friend of Casey since they served 'as Democratic House members. Adm. William S. Smith, wl headed the Maritime Commission when it sold surplus tankers to Casey's group in the late 1940's, testified yesterday that it was Mc- Keough who introduced Casey to him as "my close friend, Joe "Jasey." McKeough was an Illinois House Democrat from 1935 through 1942. Dasey was a representative from Massachusetts in the same years. Sen. Hoey who heads he subcommittee, told a reporter he plans to call no further wit- nesses and said it would not take very long to write a final report. The group's announced goals are show whether: (1) Influence peddling entered he tanker deals; (2) taxes were ivoided on the big profits; (3) the taritime laws were circumvented, bus making all of the eight ankers involved in the deal liable o government seizure; and (4) whether impropriety marked the se of two of the tankers to haul il to Red China until a ore the Korean War started. Silent on Report Subcommittee members declined to say in advance how the report would deal with the blasts aimed at-them by Morris, who swore he did nothing wrong in connection with the ships and the trade with China. Morris heads the China Intent tipnal Foundation, Inc., whose sub- sidiary United Tanker Corp. op- erated the tankers to China under contracts with Soviet Russian thicket. The seventh 'man, a lieutenant, parachuted safely although his 'chute was scorched by the intense flames. The plane was based at Moody Air Force Base at Valdosta, Ga. It was reported en route from Kelly Air Force Base at San An- tonio, Tex., to Bainbridge, Ga. Lt. H. H. HoweE, the injured airman, was picked up by a Navy helicopter. He was only slightly The Air Force identified three of the dead as Maj. Daniel L. Blass of San Antonio; Capt. Burton E. Russell of Wilmington, Mass.; and S.-Sgt. Robert Updyke of Tyrone, Pa. The names of the other three dead were withheld pending noti- fication of next of kin. OPS Approves Pay Boost for Truck Drivers WASHINGTON The Wage Stabilization Board today approved a 19 cent hourly pay boost and substantial other concessions for truck drivers in 12 central agencies. Sen. Mundt who was ab- sent from the hearing room when Morris let fly his remarks, an- nounced he had studied the trans- cript of what Morris said, and found it contemptuous. But he said Morris clearly was "a victim of a white rage" when he spoke, and should not be punished. But, Mundt added, outburst shows he is utterly unequipped for the type of job in which the Pres- ident has placed him (and he) is states. About employers are di- rectly affected by the board's ap- provals of a new collective bar- gaining agreement, which may set a pattern for others in over-the- road trucking industries. The new contract approved by the board under its anti-inflation rules includes a provision for six paid" holidays, a a week in- crease in the cost of extended health and welfare benefits, a increase in the allowance .'or a night's lodging and other conces- sions. The agreement approved today was negotiated by the Central States Area Employers Association and the Central States Drivers Council of the AFL Teamsters Un- 3D. States affected are Ohio, Michi- gan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North and South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas. aent nas placed mm (ana he) is ni driven by an uncontrollable V3C3rlOfl rldHS Tei! Through' Snowball Fight Man's Life JANESVILLE !ffl A snowball fight cost the life yes-1 Anyway, Kuhlman, of Walworth 1-n' __.... CHICAGO Plans of Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Kuhlmaa for a motor trip to California were dash- ed yesterday maybe "fell through" would be better ex- pression. ment of collectors was the key anti- corruption provision in the plan. Seven collectors have been fired or forced to quit in the last year in the wake of a series of tax scandals largely uncovered in con- gressional probes. Sen. George who fought the plan bitterly, told a reporter, "It's now squarely up to the Presi- dent, the secretary of the Treasury and the commissioner of internal revenue to clean up the revenue bureau, not only in Washington but across the country." He said the President and his supporters made corruption the is- sue in the fight over the reorgan- ization proposal and got what they said they needed to eliminate it. Dr. Robert L. Johnson, national chairman of the Citizens' Commit- tee for the Hoover Report, hailed the move as "a victory for better government." He said, "Congress has met a great responsibility squarely." Hails Favorable Vote Secretary of the Treasury Snyder hailing the favorable vote, said the change would be made as speedily as possible, but slow enough so as not to affect efficiency. Internal Revenue Commissioner John B. Dunlap said the reorgan- ization can be put into effect within a year. The first one that must be taken at to name acting heads of the collect- ors' offices since the posts of the present 64 collectors are abolished. Snyder and Dunlap called a news conference today to discuss details. The present collectors may take the civil service exams for the new top administrative field iobs in the bureau if they qualify. But Dunlap has said most of them will be out. He said the bireau needs experi- enced and skilled tax men in the posts. Seventeen of the collectors now in office have civil service status, and these may be found qualified to stay on. The Senate vote on the plan was a surprise since both sides had been predicting a "nip and tuck" outcome. In the showdown, the plan was backed by 30 Democrats and 23 Republicans. Nineteen Republicans and 18 Democrats voted to kill it. Of the 18 Democrats opposing it, 14 were Southerners. Congress Checks Wetback Flow From Mexico WASHINGTON Congress gave final approval yesterday to a law designed to check the flow of wetbacks info this country from Mexico. First the House and then the Senate approved a compromise version of separate measures the two bodies had passed. The bill now goes to the President. The new restriction on immigra- tion applies equally to all parts of the country, but it was drafted primarily to cope with the wetback problem. The term wetback stems from the fact many of the aliens wade the Rio Grande to slip un- detected across the border. The bill makes it a felony sub- ject to a maximum penalty of five years imprisonment and a fine to transport, harbor or conceal illegal aliens. Local Write-In Vote Urged for Gen. Eisenhower Local members of Minnesotans for Eisenhower, heartened by the general's success in the New Hamp- shire primary, today swung -into action in an attempt to obtain write- in votes for Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- hower in the Minnesota primary bower. The general's name was eliminated from the Minnesota primary ballot by a Supreme Court ruling that filing petitions were defective. This is the attorney general's opinion: "To what extent the courts will hold that the election laws permit- ting writing-in of names and use of 'stickers' are applicable to I an election of the nature here con- sidered and held this year for the first time re- mains to be seen, but it is my opin- Tuesday. "We believe that a great number of Minnesotans were disappointed when Gen. Eisenhower's name was removed from the primary ballot because of legal William F. White, local chairman of the Eisenhower group, said to- .erday of Stanley O. Selci, 2L, Witnesses said Selcfc and fellow workers were tossing snowballs at each other after leaving the Chev- left the Premier's office after a 50-minnte conference. has been in possession of them i rolet assembly plant when Sekk since the end of the war. The {walked into the path of a switch peace treaty leaves their disposi- engine. He is survived by his wife i tjon to ths rutnre. [and a. child. Wis., went to a loop garage 10 get his car. The auto, parked on the third .floor, rolled into an elevator shaft and smashed into the base- ment. Garage attendant Robert Robin- son had gotten oat of the car to I ring for tba elevator The measure permits immigra- tion officials to search any place except a dwelling anywhere with- in 25 miles of z border without a warrant, if they-have reason to think illegal aliens are there. NATO Chief in Greece ATHENS. Greece S. Adm. Bobert B. Carney, XATO Com- mander-in-chief for Southern Ear- ope, arrived here today from Tur- key to confer with Greek military and political chiefs. day. "If Tuesday's primary election is limited to a contest between Stassen and Slettedahl on the Re- publican ticket and Sen. Humphrey on the Democratic side, it will be a meaningless and expensive farce which will not indicate popular opinion in he said. "We urge all those who are un- satisfied with the candidates listed on the ballot to write in the name the candidate of their choice, re- gardless of party. If all registered voters get out and vote for their favorite candidate, whether he's on the ballot or not, we are confideni that Gen. Eisenhower will make an excellent showing." Red Artillery Quiet After Heavy Shelling SEOUL, Korea Koream War quieted today after the heav- iest Red artillery operations in- cluding shell bursts uncomfort- ably close to four American war- ships. Even the air war was washed out by storm clouds, blown down from Manchuria. Communist shore batteries open- ed up twice yesterday on U. S. war- ships besieging the east coast port of Wonsan. But the Navy said none of the American craft was damaged. Shells from coastal guns straddle the cruiser Manchester and de- stroyer Fox. American carrier planes swept in to support the two ships in the succeeding artillery duel with the Red artillery. The sea-air attack silenced the Commu- nist emplacements. In a separate action in the Won- san area, shore batteries fired at the destroyers Kyes and McGinty. "Both ships received near the Navy said, "but sustained no damage." Along the 155-mfle ground front Red artillery fired rounds, a U. S. Eighth Army spokesman said. Most of it was on the east- ern front. The U. S. 25th infantry division in the Punchbowl sector reported it was the target of rounds. But the artillery fire this morning mentioned by the Eighth Army communique came from U. N. guns. Allied artillery and tank fire broke up a two-hour fight between Chinese and an Allied patrol on the western front near Yonchon. No other ground action was re- ported Friday morning. Warren Dreamed Of Baraboo, Circus ion that 'write- ins' and 'stick- ers', 'if used, must be counted and reported with election re- Burnquisr As Youngster BARABOO, Wis. Earl Warren of California said last night that as a youngster be had always dreamed of coming the birthplace of the Ringling Brothers circus. A candidate for the Republican presidential nomination. Warren told his audience that as a boy he "would rather carry water for the circus elephants than be a candidate of the little elephant tor the White BotMe." turns, and if thereafter questions arise as to their validity or legal effect, that will be the proper timt) for their determination." Two Other Questions Holm asked two other questions. One was whether the presidential primary law actually provides for a popular expression of choice of candidates as well as for the elec- tion of delegates. In reply to this the attorney gen- eral quoted both the title and section of the law which give both of popular choice and election of Another question was whether voters in communities using voting machines can ask for and get reg- ular paper ballots. The attorney general said that under the law municipalities customarily using voting machines may substitute paper ballots for the presidential primary if they determine the usa of such machines is not practicaL Nowhere in his opinion did tht attorney general answer the ques- tion of the legal effect of write-in votes. Only Psychological Since only the candidates whose names appear on the ballot have delegates slates filed, it appears unlikely write-in votes could have any but a psychological effect. The ballot will bear the names of form- er Gov. Harold Stassen and Ed- ward C. Slettedahl, MacArthur stand-in, for the Republican nom- ination and Sen. Hubert Humphrey for the Democratic nomination. William I. Holbrook, secretary of Minnesotans for Eisenhower, said yesterday that a write-in cam- paign for the general will be push- ed. He said the goal is a telephone "drive for five." "We ask every person contacted to promise to vote; then to see that four of bis friends do the same." Boost Ktfauvir Frank P. Ryan, head of a group that put Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn) on the not to stay said he was planning two moves. Ryan said before the opinion was an- nounced that if Burnquist ruled write-in votes will be honored, he will telegraph Sen. Humphrey (D- Minn) and ask him to declare himself for Kefauver. Humphrey is entered in the primary as a favorite son candidate. If he is unable to get the Humphrey back- ing, Ryan said, he will start a write-in campaign for Kefanver. But from another Kefauver camp came conflicting news. Mel- vin Cooper, St Louis Park, who identified himself as head of the state Kefauver organization, said he had received word from na- tional Kefauver headquarters say- ing the senator does not wish to be entered in the Minnesota pri- mary in any way. Cooper said the Kefauver organi- zation is urging that all supporters' go along with Hubert Humphrey as a favorite son candidate. Cooper said he questioned "the motives of men who claim to be adherents of Kefauver but persist in going in a different direction." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity fair to-'; night and Saturday. Not change in temperature. Low night 24. high Saturday 38. LOCAL WEATHER Official observation for the 24-- hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 46; minimum, 24; noon, 34; none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to-' morrow at weather on page i. ;