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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 13, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Rain or Snow Beginning Late Tonight VOLUME 53, NO. 21 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 13, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Europe Fears Undeclared Air War U. 5. Demands Apology From Czechs on Plane Attack Americans Act To Prevent Any New Assaults Compensation Asked For Loss of Jet, Cite False Facts WASHINGTON ffl The United States told Communist Czechoslo- vakia today that American authori- ties in Germany "will take the measures necessary" to prevent further border attacks by Czech aircraft. This notice was given in a second protest note demanding an apology and compensation for the shooting down of an American jet plane last Tuesday. Two Communist MIGISs, flying out of Czechoslovakia, jumped the U. S. plane, while it was on a rou- tine patrol flight. The pilot para- chuted to safety. The note was delivered in Prague at 10 a.m. (EST) by Ambassador George Wadsworth. It charged the Czechoslovak gov- ernment with "falsification of facts" in contending the U. S. plane had violated Czech territory. Radar established beyond ques- j tion, the U. S. note said, that the American plane was shot down within the border of the Am- erican zone of Germany. American Jets The note said that the American Jets were under U. S, radar sur- veillance at all times and declared, "the American aircraft did not cross the Czechoslovak border at any time." The note continued: "The Czechoslovak government's attempted explanation of this pro- vocative incident is a falsifica- tion of facts designed to cover its responsibility for this inexcusable action." The Czech Foreign Office was reminded that after a series of Speedy U. S. Subte Jet Planes, of the type shown here, firing its 5-inch rockets over a gunnery range, will be sent "very soon" to Germany to replace the slower Thunderjets, according to an announcement from Washington, The Air Force said that the plan- ned dispatch of 25 Sabre jets has no connection with this week's air incidents over Germany, in which a U. S. Thunderjet and a British bomber were shot down by Soviet-built jet fighter planes. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Consumer Market Free, No Ceilings By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON The consumer's market was wide open not a price ceiling in there was talk of coffee and perhaps beer costing more. President Eisenhower's step-by-step return to a free consumer economy came to a halt yesterday after a six-week control-thawing drive. The latest order lifted price ceilings from goods selling at the 'vears" rate of 40 billion dollars a year. Eden Protests 'Barbaric' Attack On British Plane Hear Premier In Address at Waldorf-Astoria NEW YORK British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden has de- nounced as "barbaric" the shooi- ng' down of an RAF bomber by a pair of Soviet MIG jets. Eden, delivering a major speech ast night before the Foreign Poli- cy Association, departed from his prepared text to lash out at Rus- sia over yesterday's attack on the British plane, which killed five of the seven crewmen. Reading text, Eden said the U. S. and Britain stood ready to nego- tiate with despite Premier U. 5. to Rush Fastest Fighters to Germany WASHINGTON fffi The Air replacements for F84 Thunderjet, which an American Thunderjet Force said early today that 251 fighter bombers. was shot down by two Czech Sabre jets will leave "very soon" I The spokesman emphasized the MIGISs. in a mass flight to Germany. F86 Sabre Jets are not going to An Air Force spokesman said Germany as a result of the inci- the planes, a normal squadron, are I dent in Weisbaden, Germany, in Send Sabre Jets 6 MIGs Spinning Stalin's that both na- tions would welcome a similar in- tention from the Soviets. Discarding the text momentarily, Eden added: By STAN CARTER SEOUL UPl U. S. Sabre jets sent six Russian-built MIGISs spinning to destruction today as Col. Royal N. Baker became Am- erica's top jet ace with 12 MIGs shot down. Baker, of McKinney, Tex., said he _ thought Friday the 13th was good luck for me." He munist plane today. The U. S. Fifth Air Force .said on Thursday, another MIG was probably des- troyed and one was damaged in a fiery climax to a day of trip- hammer Allied air blows. Today's bag ran the toll of MIGs since the Korean War started to 604. Of that number, 585 have been destroyed by Sabres. Up to He said Gen. Hpyt S. Vanden- berg, Air Force chief of staff, told a press conference in Paris last October that the F84 jet would be replaced by the F86 Sabre jet. He added that the replacements were "in the cards" since then and that the Air Force view is toward replacing all of the Thun- derjets in Germany eventually. U. S. Air Force headquarters in Weisbaden denied reports that squadrons of Sabre jets were on the way as reinforcements in view of the latest incident in which So- viet jets shot down a British plane "There is nothing of the kind got his 12th MIG and 13th Com- up to the present. On the con- trary we have today heard of the shooting down while on a routine exercise of a Royal Air Force training bomber Deliberate and unprovoked attacks of this kind by what are supposed to be friendly forces can only be called barbaric." Eden urged the United States to fight only a "partial" war in Ko- rea, which he termed a "thank- less" assignment and added: "It is one thing for a nation to throw its entire strength into a fight for survival. It is another :o conduct a partial war with all kinds of restraint upon your ac- i tion. "And yet we know that these restraints must be maintained." Eden was interrupted with ap- plause when he said that no goods of strategic importance had gone to Red China from British sources border incidents in 1951 the "Next date on tne decontrol calendar is April 30 when, unless ex- choslovak Air Force had been m-! by Congress, the law which authorized wage-price controls and Drop in Farm Prices Over, Benson Claims PHILADELPHIA Recent drops in farm prices are at an end and continued prosperity is around the corner for the nation's farmers, according to Ezra Taft Benson, secretary of agriculture. In an article in the April issue of Farm Journal magazine, Ben- son said he wants farmers to sug- gest new legislation before 1955 i "which will give farmers even security than they have March 7, the Air Force said, 52 j Sabres were lost in air combat, a victory ratio of nearly 12-1, While the swift Sabres raised a curtain of protective fire to the north, U. N. fighter-bombers plas- tered Red targets close to the front. Twenty-four Thunderjets bombed a Red troop center south of Kang- dong into flaming ruins. Others I battered rail and road supply lines j and rained their destructive bomb loads on the Red front lines. B-29 Superforts roared through 'the pre-dawn darkness and loosed! U. 5. Air Base Job in Germany Near Completion WIESBADEN, Germany two-year job of moving America's air might in Germany to better protected bases west of the Rhine River will be completed in the near future, the U. S. 12th Air Force announced today. Until two months ago, two U. S. jet fighter wings were stationed near Munich, in able to both air and ground attacks 140 tons of high explosives on [from Communist-ruled Czechoslo- Red supply dumps on North Kp-jvakia. Now they will use part of rea's west coast. Seven of the big) the Air Force's new complex of jet, uclm seven others hit Yangjichon, both I bases nearing completion in the j on the main west coast rail line. French occupation zone west of the j f Another Superfort attacked the Red front lines on the Western and Central fronts. Twin-engined B-26 invaders went] truck-busting across the peninsula i Rhine. The thinking behind the move was underlined unexpectedly on Czech fighter planes ftructed to keep a distance of 20 kilometers (about 12 miles) from the U. S. Zone. Thereafter the For- eign Office admitted several vio- lations by Czech aircraft. "The flagrant incident of March 10 indicates, however, that the Czechoslovak government has re- verted to its previous practice of the cote said, and added that it was apparent that the former buffer zone order is no longer in effect, "In view of this attitude of the Czechoslovak government, the United States authorities in Ger- many will take the measures neces- sary to prevent any further viola- tions of the border of the United States zone by Czechoslovak air- craft and any repetition of the present the note said. Finally the U. S, demanded ex- pression of regret from the Cze- choslovak government, and assur- ance that no such incidents will occur again, disciplinary measures TODAY Partnership Troubles In Capital By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP created the Office of Price Stabili- zation expires after 27 months on the books. Eisenhower has said he does not want controls continued except far defense materials and critical area rents. He has said he will not ask Congress for standby power to re- have been sold to Communist Chi- na from any British territory. "We also are taking further steps to ensure that no ships of any na- tionality taking strategic cargoes to China shall be bunkered in British ports. "These measures speak for themselves. They do not represent i them, and when Soviet jets shot Along the g r o u n d, Communist i down a British Lincoln bomber on [foot soldiers jabbed the Allied lines! a training mission .Thursday, kill- I in a dozen spots, but were thrown i ing five of the seven crew mem- Butter Support Prices Fixed of Ag- riculture Benson said Thursday the government will support butter prices .at prices ranging from 65.75 impose controls in an emergency a new policy which some members of I "They are designed to stop leaks to 64-75 cents a during the Congress say he should have. in an existing system. We are con- 12 months starting April 1. Still under controls are items i fident that they will effectively dis-1 Cheese will be supported at 37 vital to the defense effort. These include steel mill products, pig iro'n, ferro-alloys, nickel, beryllium, manganese, tungsten, molyb- denum, tantalum, columbium, WASHINGTON -The partner- i steel drums, metal cans, machine ship between the President and j tools, concrete reinforcing bars, the Congress is not working well, isuiphur, sulphuric acid, oleum and ______i_ J.L _ ____. i r'-ij -f f__ as yet, in the crucial field of for- eign relations. Confirmation of Charles E. Bohlen as Ambassador to Moscow has been delayed again, despite Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' express request for urgent action. The enslavement courage and prevent the very j cents a pound, and dried milk at small proportion of forbidden IS to 14 cents a pound. back with heavy casualties. bers. Air Attacks Indicate Post-Stalin 'Jitters7 By DON SCHWIND LONDON W) British officials Eisenhower himself. You have to go a long way back to find another case of a triumph- against the offending flyers and resolution has been buried, al- "immediate compensation for the j though ;t was sponsored by Pres, destroyed F-84 U. S. ]et fighter plane. 3 Czech Airmen Flee to West GRAZ, Austria Three youth- ful members of Communist Czech- oslovakia's air force fled to Au- stria today in a World War II German aircraft and asked for political asylum. The three fully-uniformed air lieutenant and two serge on a runway used by British military planes at Thal- erhof Airport in the British occupation zone. Grinning and evidently pleased with their flight of 115 miles from the Czech city of Bratislava, the three asked British soldiers who immediately surrounded their plane: "Is this Told that it was, they asked for asylum. They were taken into custody by British military author- ities. Their German "Arado 96" used as a training plane for fighter taxied by British airmen into a closed hangar and placed under guard. The three airmen were tentative- ly identified by Austrian police as Lt. Vladimir Krman, 24; Sgt. Gus- tav Molnar, 26, Sgt. Josef Fleisch- backer, 25. sulphur trioxide. Decontrolled yesterday sides coffee and instant coffee beer and such things as hot water heaters, garbage dis posers, metal building materials soybeans and all animal feeds which had been controlled, No. 2 heating oil used in the Northeast, most many industria materials and some kinds of in- dustrial machinery. Coffee seemed to be the major plies which were getting by. "But of course these additional measures can only be fully effec- tive with the co-operation of other maritime and trading nations. We shall join with you in an effort to get this." The dollars and cents levels are today Soviet attacks on British based on the 90 per cent of "par-1 and American planes were evi ity" dairy support level which Ben- son had promised earlier to main- tain for the coming year. They reflect 90 per cent of parity for dairy products as of Feb. 15. dence Of post-Stalin jitters behind the Iron Curtain. Highly-placed officials said they believed the MIG fighter attack that cost Britain a Lincoln bomber antly victorious President having so much trouble, so early in the game, with a Congress that for housewives. helped to elect. The trouble is far I Price officials and coffee traders from fatal, but one wants to know ?8re6d now the cause from 89 to 95 a The story begins with President i most bnmds- miSnt UP Eisenhower's message on the State 12 cents- Grocers absorb of the Union, and especially with Eisenhower's condemnation of the wartime secret agreements. Other foreign affairs references in the message had been checked with the State Department staff. This passage on the secret agree- ments had not been checked. The words were hardly out of the Pres- ident's mouth before Congressmen and Senators began offering h. me- made resolutions utterly repudiat- ing Yalta and every other great wartime agreement. In the absence of Secretary Dulles, who was abroad, the able State Department legal adviser, Herman Phleger, took the lead in tackling the problem. His sharp lawyer's eye quickly discerned the damage to important American in- terests, such as our position in Berlin, that would be done by re- pudiating Yalta outright. Therefore the State Department somewhat self-righteously asked he White House just what the ?resident had had in mind. The White House answered, equally Continued on Column 2) ALSOPS some of it. "If it goes over a one big New York coffee merchant said, "we'll run into severe con- sumer resistance." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winoaa and Vicinity Cloudy tonight and Saturday. Rain or snow beginning late tonight, be- coming rain Saturday. No impor- tant change in temperature. Low tonight 30, high Saturday 42 LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 47; minimum, 30; noon, 32; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun ris'es to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 44 at p. m. Thursday, min. 30 at a. m. today. Noon readings over- cast at feet, visibility 7 miles, wind 3 miles per hour from north- west, barometer 30.20 steady, hu- midity 88 per cent. Sgt. Jamet right, instructs Patrolman James Winke to put a parking ticket on auto parked in front of a fire plug which firemen had to use in putting out a furniture store fire on the West side of Chicago Thursday night. In order to use outlet on the plug the firemen had to run hose line through one door, across front seat, and out the other door, (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) and six lives near Hamburg, Ger- many, Thursday was due less to trigger-happiness on the part of the MIG crews than nervousness in higher echelons of the Kremlin. "Since the death of one informant said, "the Communists V Britain Accuses Russia of Brutal Murder of Six Months of Crisis Seen While Malenkov Solidifies Position By DON DOANE BONN, Germany Britain accused the Soviet Union today of a deliberate and brutal act of aggression involving murder in the shooting down of a Royal Air Force Lincoln bomber near Ham-. burg. This attack Thursday by Soviet MIGs cost the lives of six British airmen and wounded a seventh, tt was the second on Allied planes by Communist planes in three days and spread fear of an undeclared aerial war throughout Western Europe. The Western world appear- ed to be in for months of crisis and tension while Soviet Prime Minister Malenkov solidifies his position in Moscow. But the U. S. and British air forces challenged the trigger-happy Communist fighters by flying as usual along the Iron Curtain border today. The Americans said they are bringing in 25 F-86 Sabre jets swiftest operational fighter replace outmoded F-84 thun- derjets in Germany. The British directed RAF pilots to be especially alert along the east-west border where Soviet fighters apparently have been ordered to shoot on sight. Strong Protest A strong protest lodged with tba Russians today took no cognizance "of a Russian announcement Thurs- day night that the four-engined British bomber had violated the East German frontier and had on the much faster and better equipped MIGs. In tough words, the British high commissioner for Germany, Sir Ivone Kirkpatrick, demanded pun- ishment of the Soviet fliers, and reparations for British lives and lost property. Kirkpatrick's note was delivered to Soviet General of the Army Vassily D. Chuikov, top Soviet commander in Germany. Earlier, Soviet authorities delivered to Kirk- patrick a note from Chuikov saying the Soviet general personally had ooked into the case and could find no guilt on the part of the Soviet pilots. Seven crewmen were aboard the British bomber. The crash killed 'cur outright and of his injuries )efore reaching the hospital. This morning the pilot succumbed. The Russians announced the sole sur- vivor was under treatment for njuries at an East German hos- pital. Battle of Notes As the incident thus turned into a diplomatic battle of notes, the have become very jumpy indeed I American, British and French high about vigilance around their bor- commissioners met here to con ders. Fliers have probably been told there is greater danger of attack from outside, now that Stal- in is dead, and they are taking it seriously." Britain Protests Britain protested to Soviet au- thorities in Germany today against what the official note termed "this deliberate and brutal act of ag- gression involving murder." A few hours later, an Air Min- istry statement said the bomber carried no ammunition and was Flying without the breech-blocks of its machine guns. These, the statement said, had been left in England for servicing when the plane took off for the routine training trip that ended in iragedy. The statement replied to Soviet charges that the Royal Air Force bomber fired on its MIG pursuers. Cannon Shell Foreign Office spokesman said investigators had found a Rus- sian cannon shell in debris of the jomber which fell in British con- rolled territory. Most of the bomb- er's hulk plummeted into woods on he Soviet side of the East German border. Answering Russian charges that the bomber had penetrated Soviet controlled territory, the spokesman dded: "We have no reason to think that this British aircraft had de- iated from the corridor in any material way. A warning would ave been fair enough, but out- ages of this kind against an air- raft which showed no sign of ag- ression are unpardonable. "If the Russian airmen paid a (little less attention to gunnery and a little more to navigation these regrettable and deplorable in- cidents would be less frequent." sider what to do about the attacks from Communist jets. The brief British protest did not mention the Soviet allegations, but by ignoring them indicated rejec- tion. The British note said: "At about 1430 hours p. m.) yesterday, a Royal Air Force Lin- coln aircraft was attacked and shot down by Soviet fighter aircraft in the Hamburg-Berlin air corridor near the zonal frontier. I protest in the strongest terms against this deliberate and brutal act of aggres- sion murder of British airmen. I request an investigation should be undertaken immediately by the Soviet authorities and that those responsible for this outrage be punished and that due repara- tion be made for damage to personi and property." Minnesota Farmer Visits With Ike WASHINGTON. UP) President Eisenhower Thursday renewed an acquaintance with Alfred Larson, who was one of his hosts when he made a campaign speech at the National Plowing Contest in Kasson Minn., last September. Larson, whose home is in Hay- field, Minn., visited with the Presi-. dent at the White House. He was accompanied by Rep. Andresen He said Eisenhower gave him an autographed picture of himself for Mr. and Mrs. Henry Snow of Kasson, at whose farm the plowing contest was held. Larson was chair- man of the reception committee. Larson said he and the president talked some about soil conservation and flood control. ;