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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 13, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER df.rlnr colder tonight, Friday generally tulr. Full Leaded Wire Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations OKOLSKY Read Hit New Column Daily on Editorial Pace VOLUME 47. NO. 21 W1NONA. MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING. MARCH 13. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Gov. Goodland Dead of Heart Attack Congress Ponders Greek Aid Vandenberg In Favor of Giving Help Others Fear Step Means Eventual War With Russians By Jack Bell con- scious that It may be plunging the United States and Russia at least Into harsher political Btrlfc. Con- gress took up today President Tru- man's plea for actual money and indirect military help for Greece and Turkey. There were openly voiced fcur.i that war with the Soviet union mleht be the eventual result. Chairman Vandenberg pinpointed the deepening clash of ideologies as he summoned the Senate foreign relations committee into session to hear Acting Secre- tary of State Dean Acheson ex- plain In detail Mr. Truman's "fate- ful hour" proposal, Vandenberg called on Congress to support President Truman fully but first advocated public hearings on methods of aiding Greece and Turkey. "The plain truth Is that Soviet- American relationships are at the core of this whole Van- drnberg declared. "Every effort .xhould be made to terminate these controversies. This effort must oc- cur in plain understanding of basic principles which we shall not sur- render." Would Preserve Greece President Truman speaking before a Joint session of Congress, asks aid for Greece and Turkey. At for upper'left ore Senator Arthur Vandenberg Senate president pro tern and House Speaker Joseph Martin In center foreground are (from left) Admiral William Leahy, Major General Harry Vaughan and Captain James H. Foskett. (A.P. Wlrephoto.) Asserting that the Independence of Greece and Turkey must be pre- served "not only for their own sakes but also in defense of peace and security for all of Vanden- berg added that In this critical moment "the President's must upheld." Mr. Trumnn told Congress grim- ly yesterday that armed Commu- and political threaten the "very existence" of Greece and Turkey. He asked to loan the two countries. Hf souiiht also authority to Rend in American military and civilian personnel to train troops and super- vise relief and rehabilitation ex- penditures. But Vandenbcrg while cxpress- (ConUnuccl on Page 14, Column 1) CONGRESS Marshall Puts U. S. Policy On Offensive By John M, Hlghtower Moscow Top America diplomats said today that Secrctar State Senate Passes Golf Club Liquor Measure St. Paul The senate to- day pawed the golf club liquor bill, 35 to 30. The gclf club liquor bill, spon- sored by Senator Leonard Dcrnek D! Winorta. authorizes Issuance of on-sole liquor licenses to bonafldc Eolf clubs 20 years old outside the corporate limits of cities and vil- lages. The measure was once voted down by the senate sitting aa a commuter of the whole. Failure of its opponents to move for its indefinite postponement made It possible to revive the bill two days e.xo. Then it was advanced to the calendar for final action today. A companion measure Is bcfor the house liquor control committc Anti-Slot Machine Bill Advanced St. Paai Governor Young diihl's ami-slot machine bill wi recommended to pttss today by th CMit-rul ifpislation committee of th state house of representatives by vote of IB to eight. The committee substituted brand new bill, changing a numbe of provisions as compared with th original bills. Then the committc amended the measure to includ number Jars and exempt manufac turcrs and distributors of slot ma chines and plnball machines. Persons "willfully possessing" any of the gambling devices arc subjec :o revocation of their licenses, In eluding food, beer, liquor, cigar or any other permits. Blind Student on Winning N Debate Team St. Paul A blind student who read his arguments from Braille was a member of the two- znan team which won the North- wrM debate tournament for Au- ruxtann college of Rock Island, 111., Into Wednesday. HP was Dick Schrcmpf who, with hts partner Harold Brack, defeated Marcus Gravdahi and Robert Llllo or Moorheud. Minn., Concordla In '..lie rlniils. The tourney was held u: St. Thomas college here. In the women's division, honors taken by Elizabeth Rice and JK'tty Howard of Whcaton college, Whtaton. 111., who defeated Joan Skouce and Lydlu Booth of St. Olaf, Minn. of State George C. Marshall was determined to put United State foreign policy on the offensive an keep it decision fraugh with vital" implications for th outcome of the "Big Pour's" cur rent sessions here. In development of this deter mlnatlon. these Informants said President Truman's 'declaration yesterday concerning Greece am Turkey played a major part. While Soviet reaction to th President's speech was awaited with keen' interest in diplomatic circle and while the recall ot the Russian envoys from London and Washing ton was the subject ot much spec- ulation, there seemed to be genera agreement that the conduct of for- eign affairs under the new Amer- ican secretory would be more dy- namic than in many years, with the present mooting of the counci" of foreign ministers the first test- ing ground. To Test Soviet Strength There can no longer be any doubt that the highest American officials on their declared -belief in the existence of a Soviet expan- sionist and aggressive attitude to- ward, the rest of the now moving to pit American power and prestige against Russian power and prestige in an effort to check that expansion. The immediate impact of this development on the "Big Four" negotiations over Germany still re- mained unclear, since the foreign ministers were edging into the German problems slowly, with much wrangling over familiar and well-worn issues. The main development thus far was British Foreign Secretary Ern- est Bevln's Insistence on and Rus- sian Foreign Minister V. M. Molo- tov's agreement to disclosure of the number of German prisoners o war now being held in Russia and elsewhere. Molotov Conciliatory There has been much speculation since the war ended on the number of former enemy soldiers in the Soviet union, some estimates put- ting the figure aa high as Bevln said there had been reports that some of these had. been in- ducted into the Soviet army. Despite the sharpness of of Bevln's and Molotov's arguments last night, the third session of the Legion Behind Aid to Greece, Griffith Says Memphis, Tcnn. Paul Griffith of Washington, D. C., national commander of the Legion, says the Le- gion in "solidly" behind Presi- dent Truman In his proposed program for Turkey and Greece iniof'vr us It with pi-event- ing the spread of Communism. "I cannot what the Le- gion attitude might be about men to Greece and Tur- he told the Commercial .Appeal hut night, "but we are keenly Interested In preventing the spread of Communism." U. S, May Ask Permanent U.N. Balkan Watch Lake Success, N. Y. Au- Truman Rests In Sunshine at Key West, Fla. By Ernest B. Vaccaro Key West, Fla. President Truman sought today to flnd re- laxation and sunshine at this nava submarine base against a back- ground of crisis. a grave international Having called upon the nation to assist "free peoples" to work out their own destinies in the face of totalitarian and communist en- croachment, he awaited the reaction of and other capitals to yesterday's blunt speech to Con- -Press Secretary gress. Presidential Charles G, Ross said about 20 tele- grams, all favorable, were forwarded to Mr. Truman at his long week- end retreat here last night. They came from individuals. "The President has absolutely no plans while here other than to Ross said. Three Major Talks In Two Weeks Presumably he will follow the course he pursued here last Novem- ber, swimming at an outdoor pool on the base in the morning, and ihorltatlve sources said today that1 swimming and suntanning at a ,he United States may propose beach in the afternoon. Size of Army Linked With Revised Policy Experts Ponder Recommendations on Draft Law By Elton C. Fay. Associated Press Military Affairs Reporter Tru- man's newly enunciated foreign, policy confronted the United States! today with the problem of deciding quickly whether to continue reduc- ing Its armed strength. The address to Congress carriec 10 Implication that an armed clash is expected or contemplated. How- ever, the armed forces are main- tained for the support of foreign policy in time of peace. At the War and Xavy depart- ments it was pointed out that a critical time element is Involved in at least two phases of this gen- eral the planned av- erage strength for the year be- ginning; next July 1 of for the army and for the navy be carried out or should the rate of reduction be checked to stabilize the armed services at a higher manpower figure? this case, will Congress and the White House proceed with Mr. Truman's recommen- dation of March 3 that selec- tive service be not renewed upon its expiration date of March 31? Waller S. Goodland The nation's military forces are of definitely modest proportions li the area where the new .foreign policy focuses most sharply, the. Mediterranean. s. Forces Compared There are, of course, the occupa- tion armies in Germany and Aus- tria and- some American nava erafh' based in German occupied ports. However, the land forces Df the United States are presumed to be far outweighed by similar forces of other nations, including Russia, with several tens of divisions under arms. Russia's-surface naval :orcc Is believed to be negligible, her aid force presumably of no more than moderate proportions with emphasis on fighter aircraft rather than bombers. (A recent press dispatch from lermany reported that the A.A.F. was returning home all Its heavy bombardment aircraft, a report which A.A.P. headquarters here has declined to discuss.) establishment of a permanent! The President, looking tired on the ground that until they United .Nations boundary commls- ion to watch over the trouble pots in the Balkans. These sources said U. S. officials elt it may be advisable for such commission to watch the borders f Greece, Yugoslavia, Albania and conference generally ran smoothly, with Molotov displaying an un- usually conciliatory attitude on the prisoner of war question, and others. Concerning the recall of their imbassadors which the Russians iave not announced here spec- ulation ranged from the possibility that they were coming: home to report on British and American policies in the Middle East to a guess that they were returning merely because the foreign mlnis- crs are here. Bulgaria for some time. Such a step appeared to be tied n closely with President Truman's eclaratlon on America's new for- ign policy aimed at halting the world march of Communism, es- eclally in the Balkans. There was no indication just how ar the American delegation to the Jnlted Nations has gone toward drawing up a plan for a permanent U. N. boundary commission. But authoritative sources said it was under consideration. An American delegation spokes- man said the President's proposals' to aid Greece would not conflict in any way with the efforts of the U. N, security council's Balkan In- quiry commission now studying frontier conditions in Greece, Al- bania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. Meanwhile, top U. N. authorities considered President Truman's ap- peal to Congress for American aid to Greece and Turkey "too hot" for comment. It was met by what one informed source described as a strenuous two weeks In which a directive from the Presi- Mother, Aunt Await Decision of Court In Wabasha Action Wabasha, Minn. (Special) The aunt and mother of eight- year-old Claude Carpenter awaited the decision of Judge Karl Finkelnburg today, wondering which will have the custody of the boy. The aunt, Mrs, Cora Billings, and the mother, Mrs. Alvin Parsdahl, had their day in court Wednesday, each testifying of their love for the child and their ability to rear him. But after about six hours of testi- mony, ending at 5 p. m. yesterday, District Judge Finkelnburg took the case under advisement, includ- ing- a motion by Mrs. Billing's at- torney, Arnold Hatficld, to quash the writ of habeas corpus on the ground that the district court had no jurisdiction over the guardian- ship decision of the probate court. There was a long parade of wit- nesses yesterday, even the young- ster who Is the center of the legal mttle. Claude, obviously nervous, :old the court that he liked both Ms aunt, who has reared him at ler home in Wabasha since he was wo and a half, and his mother, who lives with her present husband Escaped Austin Prisoner Caught In Minneapolis Austin, Minn. Al- bert Relnartz said today that Glen Watson, 23, one of the two men who escaped from the jail here March G, was captured in Minne- apolis at 2 a. m. today. Sheriff Reinartz said that Watson ;old Minneapolis police he did not know the whereabouts of the other escaped prisoner, Ralph G. Kack- cy, 30, Valley City, N. D., who was Jeing held for trial on first degree forgery charges. n Tacoma, 'Wiish. Watson was awaiting transfer to The boy was not nskcd Cloud reformatory after being Rennebohm Wisconsin's New Chief Oldest Governor Dies in Bed After Day at Office Madison. "i.ough old Governor Wal- ler Samuel Goodlnnd is dead. The 84-year-old Republican gov- ernor, oldest state chief executive I in the nation, died In his bed at the executive mansion of a heart attack last night. The governor had removed his coat, preparatory to going to bed and apparently was sluing on the bod winding his watch when, stricken. The watch was found, on the floor. Shortly after Goodlnnd retired Mrs. Goodlnnd went up to his room and discovered him slumped on the bed. She called the Wiscon- sin Genera! hospital. When Dr. Ovid O. Mycr arrived, the governor was pronounced dead. Lieutenant Governor Oscar Rcn- ncbohm will succeed GoocUand in the state's top post. He issued the following statement on Governor Goodland's death: "Few men have been so trust- ed by the people of Wisconsin a-s Walter S. Goodland, and no one has better deserved tha.t confidence. His independence of thought and action was out- standing. He was never im- pressed by temporary political expediency but continually tried In do those tiling which his Rood judgment told him were for the lasting benefits of all people. "Wisconsin has lost a. creat public servant. Those of us privileged to know him person- ally held him in true affection as well as respect. I am sure all the people of the state join Mrs. Ucnncbohm and me in express- ing sinccrcst sympathy to Mrs. Goodland and the members of the governor's family." Sworn In Rennebohm was sworn in at J p. in. today. Chief Justice Marvin B. Rosenberry of the state supreme court administered the oatii in the lieutenant governor's office In the capltol. Rennebohm broke down during a joint legislative session this morning as he prepared to turn delivered three major addresses and held fateful conferences on the crisis in Greece and Turkey, left Washington In his plane, the so- called Sacred Cow, immediately after addressing Congress. In asking to provide economic and financial aid for Greece and Turkey, and their "free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside the President said he was "fully aware of the Implications involved." Mr. Truman plans to fly back to Washington Sunday afternoon or Monday morning. Senate, House Vote to Limit President's Term dent they will not know the na- ture or extent of assistance that might, be given Greece and Tur- key, War department officials de- clined to discuss publicly the terms of Mr. Truman's suggestions. The army, in line with usual diplomatic practice, already has military missions attached to the American diplomatic establish- ments in Greece and Turkey. Man Killed in Blast on Ship heavy explosions aboard the American motorship Ed- mund Fanning at her dock here to- day were reported to have killed one man and injured ten of her crew of CO and left her in flames. The prow of the vessel was badly damaged. There was no immediate explanation of the blasts; The dead man was idcntlflcd''orri- to choose his home. Becomes III Mrs. Billing's attorney snid the appearance in court affected the boy considerably and he became ill last evening. Until the judge mokes a decision as to the custody of the child Claude Is in the technical custody of Wabasha County Sheriff John Jacobs, but by agreement he was at the Billings home last night. The witnesses yesterday included Mrs. Farsdahl: her husband, Alvin; Mr. and Mrs. Billings; their daugh- ter, Juanlta, 17; Mrs. Farsdnhl's son by her first marriage, Buzzlc ten; Probate Judge Homer Goss; the Rev. George Barnott, pastor of the Gj-ace Memorial Episcopal church, Wabasha: Mrs. Ivan Marx, president of the Wabasha Veterans of Foreign Wars Auxiliary, and Miss Laura Folcy, Wabasha county welfare worker. In her testimony Mrs. Farsdahl admitted that the father of Claude, Both Senate 'apprehensive" silence. 'International Communism' Blamed for Riots The Asuncion, Paraguay rovernment blamed "international ommunism" today for the current Washington and He definite ___ time future presidents may 22, who sustained a spinal in- thc White House. [jury. But the1 proposed constitutional amendment that would set such a deadline cannot be submitted to (Continued on Page 7, Column 3) MOTHER uprising in Paraguay and terms, ihat the revolt was confined to the jesiegcd town of Concepcion, where the states until the national law- makers agree on a precise limit. By a 59 to 23 roll call vote, sen- ators stamped their approval last night on a period which Senator Taft said might vary from a legal minimum of six years to a maximum of "ten years less one day." The House had specified previous- ly that no President should serve more than two terms or part of J. S. Plane Overdue on British Flight London The U. S. army Ir transport command said today nat a twin-engined transport with wo army fliers aboard was hours verdue on a flight lost night from rcslwlck. Scotland, to Bovlngton Irfield near London. A spokesman said the Beech- raft utility transport was unre- orted from other fields and that ts gas must have been exhausted cforc midnight. The names of the pilot and com- unlcutlons officer were withheld. troops refused demands to sur- render. (The Buenos Aires newspaper E Mundo, an Independent conserva- tive tabloid, said that, "despite of- ficial pronouncements of the Para- guayan government, everything in- dicates the movement is essentially military." El Mundo said persons arriving from Asuncion reported "the situation in that capital is absolutely chaotic" and that bar- ricades were being erected in front of the government palace.) Minister of Economy Guillcrmo Enciso Velloso said In a speech: "Material and moral support is offered the rebellion by the Com- munist parties of Bolivia and Uru- guay." Loyalist troops besieged Concep- cion. a town of in northern Paraguay, 130 miles from Asuncion, where the revolt started six days ago. Crisis in Bulgaria Reported by Turkey of a crisis in Bulgaria circulated in Turkey today in connection with reported movements of loreSgn diplomatic personnel. Usually reliable sources said a United States diplomatic courier stopped at the Bulgarian frontier was told by a guard, "There is a terrific can't say more." Unconfirmed reports meanwhile said the French diplomatic mission to Sofia had departed that Bul- garian capital and might reach Is- tanbul today. News dispatches earl- ier had reportejl a French protest against Bulgarian treatment. The U. S. 'courier, informants said, was refused admission to Bul- garia, despite his visa, by author- who declared they were under instructions In his case. sentenced to a term not to exceed two and one half years on second degree forgery charges. Reinartz said Minneapolis police quoted Watson as saying that he and Knckley escaped from the jail by sawing the bars with the blade of a saw they had found In a jail mattress. The sheriff sold he would go to Minneapolis today. In Minneapolis, Detective Captain Jamas' Mullens said that Watson was taken by detectives as he was walking near a Minneapolis restau- rant. The 'detectives who mude the capture were Clarence Chrlstalnson and Clifford Bailey. Mullens said that Watson had given ho further information on the jailbreak. Attlee Given 374-198 Vote of Confidence Minister At- lee won a solid vote of confidence in the House of Commons last night after calling for "full cooperation of Industry" with the Labor govern- ment In Britain's fight for eco- nomic survival. The Labor party's big majority to Oscar Rennebohm over the gavel as senate presiding officer to Senator Frank Panzer "I appreciate the fine Rennebohm snid. Then his voice, broke and tears appeared in his eyes. Unable u> finish the statement, he broufiht down' the gavel !.o end the brier session. Rennebohm he would con- fer early this afternoon with Mrs. Goodland to determine her wishes concerning funeral arrangements. Goodland, who proclaimed himself Winston Churchill's demand'for al.n "lough old codger" as he entered confidence" vote, climax to three successful campajgn for a third days of searching debate on the gov- ernment's postwar recovery policy. Weather term ns governor last year, was at the executive office until o'clocic yesterday afternoon. Fine" in Afternoon He told his financial secretary. Frank Graass. he left that he FEDERAL FORECASTS "feeling fine" and added "I'll Winona and vicinity Clearinslsee you tomorrow." GoocUand had and a little colder tonight: low 24. Friday generally fair, highest in the afternoon 3G. cloudy tonight with a few snow flurries northeast colder. Friday fair and rather cold. Snow flurries in extreme north tonight and Fri- day. Rain in southeast and rain or snow in northeast tonight becom- ing partly cloudy Friday. Colder to- night. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 38; minimum, 32; noon, 35; precipitation, .44 of an inch of and melted snow; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES remained at his home Tuesday, com- plaining of pains in his legs, but apparently had recovered yesterday. The governor retired shortly after dinner last night and was stricken a few hours later. He died at p. m. A plurality of votes over his Democratic opponent. Daniel Hoan of Milwaukee, swept Goodland into his third gubernatorial term. and at the same time marked his second victory over a preprtaiary snub by the state voluntary Repub- lican organization. The state group endorsed Dclbert J. Kcnney, West Bend industrialist, for the Republican nomination, and a former state adjutant general. Chicago 57 Kansas City 45 ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pet. Delmar Rndd, 19, Is Shown after he was pulled from the wreck- age of a collapsed building In Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was buried for more than 24 hours. Three more men remain In the rubble. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Los Angeles Miami Mpls.-St. Paul New Orleans New York Phoenix Scuttle SO 73 38 68 IB 7G 58 Washington 55 40 57 69 32 62 35 50 30 .03 2.41 Ralph M. Inimcll, .also was in ths race, but Goodlnnd easily topped the field. Goodland originally came into or- ifice after iv similar snub. In 1942 'he was passed up as a candidate [for lieutenant governor by the Ro- nominating convention. Ha refused to be ruled off the ticket however, and Ills decision resulted (Continued on 3. Column 3) GOODLAND ;