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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 11, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 49, NO. 20 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 11, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY Royall Flays Russ Double-Dealing The Alsops Mediocrity Marks U. S. Executives Senate Showdown Near on Filibuster By Stewart Alsop President has ev- ery right to choose as his principal subordinates men whom he knows! and likes and trusts. Yet, as some! sage has remarked, government isl people. And the plain fact is that] the government is showing more and more symptoms of a disease might be described as creep- ing mediocrity. Moreover, these symptoms are beginning to appear at the really vital points. One vital point is the National Security council. The National Se- curity council is the government's highest policy-making body. In the senators held the balance of power past, it has advised the President tod the genate neared a crjtl. on a whole series of great issues, Barkley Rules Two-Thirds Vote Can Stop Debate Chamber Slated To Decide on Issue Today By Jack Bell Washington A half dozen from American policy in the Far East to whether or not to knuckle under to the Soviets in Berlin, and the President has almost invari- ably accepted the advice. Clearly a great very great deal- depends on the quality of this ad- vice. And this in turn depends in large measure on the quality of the men who are members of the council. The three defense secretaries are now to be dropped from the council. Therefore the council is cal vote on a ruling by Vice-pres- ident Barkley opening the way to halt a ten-day southern filibuster. At the climax of eight hours of sometimes fiery argument, Bark- ley held valid last night a debate-! limiting petition filed by Senator! Lucas of Illinois, the Democratic! leader, and 32 colleagues. Senator Russell general of a Dixie band fighting a long! range battle against President Tru- man's civil rights program, irame- likely to have only four full appealed to the Senate to (Kd reverse the vice-Dresldent's deci- bers, aside from the President him- self. These are Secretary of State Dean Acheson; Louis A. Johnson, he becomes secretary of de- fense; Mon C. Wallgren if the Sen- ate confirms him as chairman of the National Security Resources board, and Secretary of the Treas reverse the vice-president's deci- sion. Russell's appeal was pending as senators began the llth day of a word war over a proposed change in rules. This rule change would permit two-thirds of the senators voting to gag debate at any time. ury John Snyder, whom the Barkley held that the affirmative ident has ordered council meetings. to attend all vote of two-thirds of those pres- ent is enough to clamp a limit on THERE IS NOTHING mediocre about Dean Acheson, who has al- ready proved himself a brilliam secretary of state. But the same thing can hardly be said of the cautious, undistinguished John Sny- der, who is one of the leading ad- vocates of a business-as-usual pol- icy. And if it is difficult to see the debate that has been going on over Lucas' motion to bring up the rules change. His ruling did not go as far as the rules change pro- posal. Barkley held in a 25-minute opin-, ion that the Senate had never con-j fronted the situation it now faces. Always before, he said, debate! how Snyder is limitation had been denied against cipate in the making of policy motion such as Lucas' to take Up the highest level, it Is downright impossible to discern the qualifi- cations of Mon C. Wallgren, the President's poker partner. Wallgren may not be confirmed, although the unedifying spectacle of the filibuster against him by Senator Harry P. Cain, one of the least valuable members of the Sen- ate, may win him support. But the fact remains that there is absolute- ly nothing in Wallgren's back- ground to qualify him for member- ship in the National Security coun- cil, other than geniality and the friendship of the President. The big question mark Is the fourth prospective council member, Louis A. Johnson. Johnson will now have the third most important job In the country. He is undoubtedly a man of force and ability. He has the reputation of being a tough, ruthless driver, with no compunc- tions about knocking heads to- gether. No doubt certain Pentagon heads could be knocked together to the national advantage. Yet Johnson's forthcoming role as one of the chief architects of national policy does not inspire un- diluted confidence. There is little in his background to fit him for the role. Like the President's form court jester, George Allen, John- son has had close connections with the financial operator, Victor Em- manuel, a shrewd cultivator of po- litical contacts. Johnson has also been a bigtime American Legion politician. He will undoubtedly give the Defense department a strong American Legion has already picked his friend, Paul Griffith, like himself a f irmer Le- gion commander', as his chief as- sistant. Another friend and enthus- iastic supporter is Major General Hnrry Vaughan, the President's bumbling military aide. WHAT IS LEAST confidence-in- spiring about Johnson's appoint- ment is simply that it was frankly reward for services rendered as chief money-raiser for the Truman campaign. The Secre- taryship of Defense is thus placed in the same category as an assist- ant postmastership. All this does not mean that John- son may not turn out to be an effective secretary of defense and a useful member of the National Security council. Yet'it is certainly not reassuring that of the four prospective members of the na- tion's highest policy-making body, one is a very able man, two are amiable mediocrities, and the fourth is a frankly political appoint- a bill because there was some other pending business before the Sen- ate. So, he said, he didn't feel that previous decisions were binding on him. "This is the only time that an uncomplicated, bald, stark motion, without anything else on the cal- endar without anything else be- fore the Senate has been pre- hg said. Whether Barkley will be upheld or reversed in this decision appear- ed to rest with half a dozen sena- tors most of them who won't tell how they are going I to vote. The showdown will come when Lucas moves probably today to lay Russell's appeal on the table. Such a motion cuts off further de- bate and gives a majority of those voting a chance to decide the issue. Dump Explosion Kills 13 Persons Rent Decontrol Plan for Small f- Cities Asked Bid to Save Regulation In Compromise By Francis M. Le May Loss Estimated At in Fire at Wausau Wausau, minute everything was quiet. The next min- ute, smoke and flames were pouring from, every window and crack." That's how eyewitnesses describ- ed the delayed action fire which roared through the two-story Mc- Crossen block, one of this city's oldest business buildings, yesterday afternoon. A fire originally broke out in the kitchen of a first floor restaurant about p. m. The fire depart- In a desperatejment apparently had it out in half bid to save rent controls for big an But suddenly, at it roared anew, seeming to hit every cities and defense areas, the ad' ministration today promised to scrap rent ceilings in more than 100 rural and small city areas. Representative Patman (D.- Texas) announced the decontrol plan. At the same time he predicted 'a wave of strikes" over the country, if Congress fails to continue rent controls for industrial areas where here are housing shortages. "The workers simply cannot stand rent increases from 50 to 500 per Patman said. "A vote to kill rent controls is a vote for strike." The administration's move came as Republicans with the help of some Democrats threatened to take over the reins in the House and imit any rent control extension to only 90 days. It confronted Presi- dent Truman with his biggest test of power in the new Congress. Leaders called the House into ses- >ion two hours earlier than usual, o set up a showdown vote by night- all. Speaker Rayburn (D.-Texas) pre- dicted defeat for the Republican portion of the structure at once. No injuries were reported. Fire Chief Arthur A. Buss de- clined to make an estimate of loss Berlin Blockade 'Threat to Peace' Secretary Says Pledges Efforts To Avoid War In Yearly Report By Elton C. Fay Washington Secretary of the Army Eoyall today accused Russia of duplicity and falsification. He called her blockade of Berlin "day to day threat to the peace of the world." Royall's discussion of foreign af- fairs, in plain-spoken, unvarnished words, was contained to his annual report on the status of the Army department. He used it as a pre- amble explanation of the burden- some occupation duty of the American Army. He reviewed what he called "Soviet set down the record of attempts since 1945 to J90-day proposal and said he expect- j Aqaba. Tel Aviv denies any fight- at once, but unofficial estimates set come to agreement with, Russia, it at or over. The that "from the beginning of a brick veneer structure, housed a basement tavern, the restaurant anc a' dress shop on the first floor anc offices on the second floor. Israel Signs Cease-Fire With Trans-Jordan By The Associated Press Israel and Trans-Jordan signed a formal cease fire at Rhodes to- day for their front in Palestine al- though the Arab nationals com- plained the Jews are attacking them near their Red sea port of Ken Kropidlowski, No. 13, Cotter High school forward, goes up to block a field goal attempt by William Christopherson, Austin, St. Augustine forward, in a Catholic State High School Basketball tour- nament game at St. Paul Thursday afternoon. Cotter won, 50 to 43, to enter the semifinals. No. 9 in in the background is Ron Dreas, Cotter guard. Wtaona plays St. Thomas academy tonight and the game will be broadcast locally by KWNO FM. For details of Thursday's game turn to sport page. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Captured Train Bandit Reported Near Death of two men who held up a crack passenger train on a spur-of-the-moment impulse and'then tried to shoot it out with police when facing arrest was reported near death today. Both were arrested yesterday in a pawnshop just six blocks from the White House 15 hours after the wild West style train robbery near Martinsburg, W. Va. j Police identified them as Luman] Ramsdell, 23, now near death in a; hospital, and George Llewellyn Ash-j ton, 21, both of Youngstown, Ohio. Ramsdell reached for his gun Brunswick, .Germany An explosion at a British scrap iron dump near here killed 13 workers j when police entered the pawnshop! today and injured 36. jon famed Pennsylvania avenue. 1 long Dry Spell Cuts Flood Peril ed rent controls to be continued for 15 months. But barring an over- night change of mind among some Democrats, the issue remained in ing is going on around Aqaba, where British troops are poised. The cease fire is necessary b fore a full armistice can be won doubt. A check showed 50 Democrats op- posed to any further rent controls. If Republicans voted solid, with such support the 90-day extension could pass. Democrats hold 262 House seats, and the Republicans 171. There are now 600 rent control areas. The heaviest attack on con- tinuing controls comes from House members representing large rural areas. By lifting controls in many rural communities administration forces hope to pick up some votes for their rent bill. Tighe Woods, rent administrator, agreed to the decontrol plan under a provision of the administration woud t Russ Declare Death Penalty For Sabotage Russians today decreed the death penalty for economic sabotage in their economic and social pro- areas back under controls if rents jump unreasonably. The G.O.P. plan went before the House for a vote with some Demo- cratic support. It shaped up as a showdown which could prove whe- ther a two-party coalition might of the of Berlin. jgram. h sald ed rent controls to be continued for The casualties were Germans and j and asked the two men to identify _ that the death penalty would be themselves But police shot The Geological mac tne aeain penauy V.OUIQ oe SP Ced maMy working at the dump. The scrap was being cut for ex- port. British officials said the ex- plosion came when a heavy metal ball dropped on heaps of metal castings in order to crush them for convenient handling. The officials conjectured an explosive charge was hidden among the scrap. They said the explosive might have been placed there during the war so Ger- man owners could destroy the dump. Armed Forces Aid in Storms andsug ripped ah said yesterday that dell's chest two inches below his for floods in the northern Great! months. But barring an over- night change of mind among some Democrats, the issue remained in the blockade and up to the present time the situation in Berlin has been tense." And he asserted: "During all this period the effort has been made to stand firmly for American rights without being tru- culent. Often the decisions have been close ones where an error on either side was entirely possible. Fortunately, up to this time war has been avoided and America's position has been maintained. "It has been apparent that the Soviet- authorities have had no in- tention either of respecting past agreements or of composing the growing differences. Future Unpredictable "The future of the Berlin situa- tion just as the future of other situations involving the Soviet Union is hard to prophesy. It is difficult to deal with a nation which has no compunction against the use of threats and force and oppression to attain its desire. "We cannot and will not sur- render our rights nor our princi- ples. We will continue to do every- thing decently possible to avoid war." In the section of the report on Army operations, Royall noted that by last June the total strength of the Army had slumped to 538.000. But, the secretary noted, the effect of the peacetime selective service .aw on voluntary recruiting had a strong effect, both in the regular Army and in National Guard and reserve recruiting. (On February 1, this year, actual strength of the regular Army was The Army now is dropping down toward the level pro- posed by President Truman in his judget recommendations for the next fiscal year beginning July 1.) Build Up Intelligence Royall disclosed an effort to build up the Army's intelligence system: "'The purpose of these activities is to keep the armed forces ana he United States informed of the ntentions and capabilities of po- ,entially hostile foreign said. "The Army also gathered information concerning activities or conditions within the United States which might threaten internal se- curity to the extent that troops employed to pro- They asked Bunche to federal property Israeli attacks" which they said! World conditions require that were made with tanks and armoredjArmy intelligence activities be in- tensified in the coming year. Ef- forts of the Army will be directed (by U. N. negotiators. The order does not apply to the Nabliis tri- angle of eastern Palestine because Iraq troops are there. Iraq has not made known its stand. The accord was reported to freeze lines in Jerusalem, which Israeli Premier David Ben-Gurion said yesterday is and will remain Israeli territory. Trans Jordan holds the old walled city and its many monuments of the Christian, Arab and Jewish religions. Britain hinted through Minister of State Hector McNeil of British involvement at Aqaba by saying "An ally should be protected against an aggressor." He express- ed hope that Britain would not have SE to fight, and indeed that the whole heart. Ashton, clad in a zoot-suit, quick- ly surrendered without resistance. The Federal Bureau of Investiga- tion has filed train robbery charg- es Pronounced The order wa reported i by the Plains and the west decreased dur-1 Soviet-licensed German news agen- ing February. cy, A.D.N., which described the "The major development during crime as sabotage or subversive ac- Pebruary was the decreasing of the flood threat in the northern great n has tuea tram roDDery cnarg-[ lains and ,n the the agency against both men Ashton is in its monthiy water review. ing he'.d under bond. Both men readily admitted they yanked the Baltimore Ohio's fast A month earlier it expressed con- cern over the flood possibilities from record-breaking snowfall over i Ambassador express to a stop Oj the West, pulling an emergency cord, robbed its 147 passengers and crew mem- jbers at gunpoint, and later held up a nearby tavern. "Serious as local floods may be to the areas the report said, "a major Missouri river flood (has not ye8 developed. When arrested here after an in-, ls prlricipany because the tensive three-state manhunt theithaw far has proceeded in an Washington More had on them just al-jorderly south to nortri direction, and persons received aid from the combined efforts of the armed forces in the stormbound western states, Army Secretary Royall an- nounced today. This aid included food, fuel and livestock feed. Moreover, additional thousands of Indians on reservations were aided by the bulldozers, trucks, planes and other equipment of the armed forces, Royall added. "Operation snowbound" Included clearing of more than miles of roads and feeding about head of livestock. though it was reported that an! estimated to was tak-j en from the train and about j from the tavern. However, Ashton insisted that all they got in the sensational rob- beries was about They were trying to buy and luggage in the pawnshop when captured. He made it clear that only the two of them were involved in the holdup, and not the four estimated earlier by confused passengers andj mem. These symptoms are not to the National Security council.i A tfllle The new Congress has been trans-p1" Ivllli formed into something- like a Paul Pilot rel of eels largely as a consequence of thoroughly ineffective adminis- tration leadership. Yet the United States can still afford, as it always has, a good deal of mediocrity and incompetence and court house pol- itics in -the domestic field. What the United States cannot afford is mediocrity and incompetence in its, response to> the world situation. names of five Air Force men who died in a C-46 troop carrier plane crash on Okinawa March 5 were announced today by the Far East Air Force. They include Lieutenant William R. Wilson, co-pilot, 27, St. Paul, Minn. The-name of a sixth fatality was And that is now a clear and pres-1 withheld because next of kin had ent danger. yet been notified. rainfaU has not greatly the tions "aimed at paralyzing, damag- ing or wrecking industry, production and economic measures of German Democratic self-government or- gans." German reds have blamed what ;hey call western-initiated acts of sabotage for the inefficiency of in- dustry, low production and trans- port difficulties. doubt issue might be settled in peace. Palestine Mediator Ralph Bunche, sent more U. N. observers to the frontier port, but all U, N. sources were silent about what, if anything, is going on. Trans-Jordan told Bunche Israel violated the U. N. truce four times. The Arabs said the Israelis thrust, across their border but withdrew, jwould cars. McNeil said no British troops have been involved. He said the Israelis were reported to have reached the gulf of Aqaba. They A check showed 50 Democrats op-icould do this through Israeli ter- posed to any further rent controls, ritory. A Jewish military spokes- If Republicans voted solid, with man said yesterday Israeli has no such support the 90-day extension designs on Aqaba. Israeli officials could pass. Democrats hold 2621 to the past have said they would House seats, and the Republicans I like to have Aqaba made a free 171. The rent administration inform- ed members of Congress today that over 100 areas could be decontrolled if the rent control act is continued. These areas by counties include: Earth, except AJD.N. said the order was issued city of Mankato; Brown, except city to intensify the campaign against I of New Ulm; Clay, except city of robbery of mail and water freight. "The interests of the Berlin popu- lation demand increased efforts to trend will result in minimum flood damages. Of incalculable benefit to the entire region is the enormous j amount of moisture that has seeped the weather restoration of the German capital's T i frO'nmr COlrf Two Killed Near Stillwater in Mishap trainmen. Stillwater, men, "We were sitting in the club car! one a farmer living north of Still-, and we got into an argument with! water, were killed today in a head-; the he said. Ion automobile collision. 'We didn't like a drink he gavej The accident occurred at 2 a. m.l us. So we went back to our Wisconsin highway 35, between1 in one of the coaches and got our! Stillwater and Somerset, Wis. guns out of our suitcases. Then The dead were Lawrence Sicard, peace the agency said. Moorhead; Freehorn, except city of Albert Lea; Mower, except city of Austin; Olmsted, except city of fight these crimes which hamper Rochester; Rice, except city of Pari- bault; Steele, except city of Owa- tonna; Waseca, and Otter Tail. port. Wisconsin Lists Dates for Fairs Madison The state depart- ment of agriculture listed the fol- lowing fair dates in Wisconsin: La Crosse, August 10-14; Nelllsville, August 19-22; Mondovl, August 25- 28; Durand, August 26-27; Black River Falls, August 27-30, and Galesville, September 8-11. toward providing on a world-wide basis military intelligence which will enable the Army to formulate its plans for helping to carry out our national policy." Gubifchev Arrest Draws Red Blast Soviet press to- day aimed broadsides at the arrest of Valentine A. Gubitchev, Russian engineer held in New York on spy charges. The Russian news agency Tass accused P.BX investigators of trying to pump security information con- cerning Russian defenses from Gu- bitchev in the course of questioning. Newspapers carried such headlines as "crude, arbitrary action of Amer- ican in this first press mention of Gubitchev's arrest. MAN TO RIDE ROCKET came back to the club car and held up the steward. "We didn't plan to hold up the 25, son of Mr. and Mrs. Adolph Sicard of Somerset, who was driv- ing toward Somerset, and Arthur rest of the people. That came Weiss, 30, son of Mr. and the spur of the moment. We didn'tjMrs, August Weiss, farmers living even ask each other about it. of Stillwatfir. just both started going right! Miss Patricia Sandquist, 19, and through the club car, holding Germain, both, of Stillwater. the passengers. Then we through the other cars." went: were injured seriously and were I brought to Lakeview hospital. Chicago Zoom! And straight up some 25 miles man will ride in a proposed rocket powered winged missile. The rocket, says a Chicago researcher, will 'reach its peak almost at the limit of the earth's atmosphere. Then, he said, it will glide safely back to earth. It will be called the first "space" ship. The man-carrying rocket is being developed by Eugene A. Maynor. veteran rocketeer and chemical and mechanical en- gineer. Plans for development and launching of the winged rocket were disclosed by May- nor to a war veterans group last night. He said his rocket ship should reach a speed of miles an hour on its upward flight, under impetus of 80 seconds of power. It should continue upward for another 60 seconds at 700 m.piL, indicating a possible maximum altitude of between 30 and 36 miJes. After the fuel is exhausted and its speed lower, Maynor said, the rocket will become a fully controllable glider. The pilot could disengage the rocket motors and glide down to a landing at a speed of 46 miles an hour. The missile wffl be built of stainless steel, he said. The main body will be a tube about 30 feet long and three feet in diameter, devoted mainly to tanks for pounds of nitric acid and furfuryl alcohol, the fuel for the craft. It will have a wing span of 24 feet. A pilot's compartment and storage space for the scientific instruments will be in the nose of the tube. Present plans, he told the vet- erans group, call for a series of "shoots" from a barge in Lake Michigan. Maynor, who has experiment- ed with rockets for more than 20 years, was engaged in rocket with the Navy and Army ordnance officials in World War IL He served as an artillery captain in World War I. Later he returned to Alabama Polytechnic Institute and re- ceived his engineering degree. Burns Kill Blind Man Milwaukee Prank Cotanch, 63-year-old blind man, died yester- day of burns received Wednesday when his clothing ignited as he tried to light a cigarette. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and and quite cold again tonight; low 20 in the city, 16 In the country. Satur- day partly cloudy and somewhat warmer; high in the afternoon 40. LOCAL WEATHER Officials observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, 11; noon, 25; precipitation, trace of snow; sun sets tonight at 6r08; sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 15. ;