Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 10, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Cloudy Tonight, Light Rain or Drizzle Wednesday GIVE VOLUME 53, NO. 18 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 10, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Top Red Made Ambassador To Chinese Emphasizes Soviet Efforts to Please Chinese Communists By THOMAS P. WHITNEY MOSCOW new Russian government named Deputy For- eign Minister Vastly Kuznetsov its envoy to Peiping today, empha- sizing Prime Minister Georgi Mal- enkov's promise of continued unity with Communist China. The announcement of the ap- pointment of Kuznetsov, a leading figure in the Soviet Communist and long the head of Rus- sia's trade unions, appeared in the same issue of the Moscow news- paper Pravda as a. eulogy of the late Prime Minister Stalin, written by Communist Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung, Kuznetsov succeeds Alexander Panyushkin, former Russian am- bassador to the United States. Pan- yushkin, the announcement said, was recalled in connection with his "transfer to other work." He had been shifted from Washington to Peiping only last June. Stresses Friendship In his Pravda eulogy, Mao de- clared "the great friendship of the peoples of China and the Soviet Un- ion is inviolable. Any imperialist aggression whatsoever will be routed by us." "We deeply the Corn- Smoke Rose in a giant column from a warehouse on the waterfront at Wilmington, N. C. High winds threatened to spread the fire before it was brought under control. Damage was esti- mated at more than (AP Wirephoto) jnunist Chinese chief wrote, "that Vasily Kuznctsov the Central Committee of th Com- munist party of the Soviet Union and the Soviet government, headed by Comrade Malenkov, can uncon- ditionally continue the cause of Comrade Stalin, advance forward and brilliantly develop the great cause of Communism." Stem Unetiy The appointment of Kuznetsov offered some support for Western beliefs that the Kremlin is uneasy about the reactions of Mao Tze- tung, the boss of Red China; to- ward the Malenkov government, Some sources have suggested that the Chinese leader is likely to demand a much greater voice in world Communist planning than he claimed when Joseph Stalin was alive and in the saddle. Malenkov took particular pains in his speech at Stalin's funeral yesterday to emphasize his gov- ernment's desire for an even closer relationship between the world's two largest Communist countries. Speaking over the bier of his dead chief, the new Prime Minister said: "We must in every way consoli- date the eternal, indestructible and fraternal friendship of the Soviet Union with the great Chinese peo- ple and with the workers in _ countries of the peoples' democ racies." Not in Moscow But unlike most of the world1 Communist chiefs, Mao was not on hand to hear the statement. Th' Chinese leader did not make th: pilgrimage to Moscow for the cer emonial entombment of the d Stalin in Lenin's mausoleum. He sent, instead, Chou En-lai, wh doubles as Pejping's premier anc foreign minister. Kuznetspv was named deputy foreign minister in the governmen' reshuffle that accompanied the ele vation of Malenkov to the top spo in the Soviet hierarchy. Previous ly, he served as chairman of the Ail-Union Central Council of the Trade Unions. In addition to this job as head of Soviet labor, Kuznetsov had been boss of the World Federation 01 Trade Unions, the Red-dominatec group that functions as a highly important Russian weapon in the cold war. It supplies. the Soviel Union with agents abroad and di- rects infiltration for subversive purposes of labor movements throughout the world. Many Muscovites visited Red Square today to see again the big red marble tomb of Lenin in which the body of Stalin was buried Monday. Above the huge metal doors, where previously was carved the single name the two names now appear in red letters on a black above, "Stalin" under it. The tomb is closed to the public at present but it was announced that the people would be informed when it would be opened. Pre- tumably this would be soon. Man Rescued After 4 Hours in Cistern WURZBURG, Germany William Hergett of Baltimore, Md., fell into a cistern Sunday night and spent four hours struggling to keep his head above water before he was rescued. He swam in the near-freezing water for some time before finding a ledge on which he could stand His yells finally attracted the attention of a maid in a nearby American troop quarters. She call ed military police. Hergett was treated in an Army hospital for exhaustion and shock. Million Fire )n Water front at Wilmington, N.C WILMINGTON, N. C. men continued today to pour ton of water into the smouldering ruins of a quarter-mile stretch of Wil mington waterfront where a wind swept bla2e yesterday caused dam age estimated in the millions of dollars. Loss estimates ranged from 10 to 30 million dollars. Five persons were still hospital- ized as a result of burns and in- juries. Twenty-one persons were treated at hospitals yesterday. One man, William Cummings, 48, was reported in serious condition. The fire started in the U-shaped )uilding owned by the Wilmington Terminal Warehouse Company and mrned out of control for more than hree hours. Peter B. Ruffjn, the firm's vice president, said he thought the blaze started in the wiring system. Carrier Bomb Blast Kills 2 WASHINGTON Wi The Navy reported today a dislodged bomb exploded on the flight deck of the carrier Oriskany in Korean waters March 6, killing two men and wounding 15 others. The accident occurred when a Navy pilot, returning from a strike over North Korea, attempted _______ _______............. to land with one of his bombs retaliation for Denmark's failure which had failed to release over so far to release "the fugitive MIG. The plane was flown last Thurs- day to the Danish island of Born- holm, 60 miles from the Polish coast, by a 21-year-old Polish fighter pilot who said he wanted political asylum. He has been held ever since by Danish authorities, who have not announced what they plan to do with him. His plans, the first undamaged MIG to fall into Western hands, was disassembled and brought here Red Poland Holding Six Danish Ships COPENHAGEN, Denmark, 9 Reliable sources reported to- lay that Communist Poland is hold- ing six Danish fishing vessels cap- tive in the port of Gdansk possibly in reprisal for Denmark's etention of a Soviet-built, Polish WIG-IS jet fighter plane. Authoritative sources said seven Danish fishing craft took jefuge in the Polish port from a raging storm Sunday and were ordered to leave "in three minutes." One cutter, the Thailand, made it out in time, but the others were held. The six ships carried a total of about 20 crewmen, the sources said. Their fate was unknown. Though numerous Scandinavian craft have been detained by Polish Coast Guard vessels in, recent years, six is the largest number ever held at one time. Political circles here viewed the action as Plan to Probe Churches for Reds Assailed Rep. Velde's Scheme Runs Info Opposition Among Congressmen WASHINGTON un Chairman Velde's proposal that the House Un-American Activities Committee search for Communists among the nation's clergymen ran into stiff opposition today from other com- mittee members. The Illinois Republican, target in recent weeks of criticism from three Washington churchmea, said Monday night the committee may get into "the church field" in its hunt for Reds. Rep, Kearney second ranking member, told newsmen he disagrees violently with Velde's proposal. "I am abso- lutely opposed to it, and I am de. mandirtg that the subject be dis- cussed fully by the he said. Rep. Walter top minor- ity member, announced that he will offer a resolution within the group to make committee approval necessary before any investigation can be made. He said the move was aimed at preventing the committee chairman from undertaking probes on his own decision. Speaking for Self Kearney, Walter and other mem- bers said the committee has not considered the possibility of seek- ing out Communists among clergy- Wilson Hints at rive in Ko rea President Eisenhower today received a copy of the "4-H Report to the Nation" from a dele- gation of 4-H Club achievement, citizenship and leadership winners who visited him at the White House. Left to right: Marlene Hutchinson, 17, Lincoln, Neb.; 20, Stony Point, N. C.; Carolyn Crum, 18, Alfalfa, Okla.; Eisen- hower; PolKn Shoemaker, 18, Denver, Colo.; Edna Short, 18, Chipley, Ga., and Billy Davis Jr., 18, Valdosta, Ga. (AP Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald) And Rep. Jackson (R-Calif) and Frazier other committee members, said: "Velde was speak-j ing for for Velde offered his proposal in a radio interview. He said he couldn't tell at this time whether any probe "would be into some of the organizations which are affiliat- ed with the various churches, or whether it would be individuals." But, he added, "I would rather presume it would be individuals." Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam of :he Methodist Church, who was one of those to criticize Velde last month, said in a statement: Allied Infantry Hurls 2 Raids At Communists By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL m Allied infantrymen hurled two smashing riids at Naguib Has Taken Egypt Out of Red By ED POLLAK CAIRO government of Gen. Mohamed Naguib has taken Egypt out of the red in seven action-packed months. When they took over last July, Naguib and his team inherited an economic situation fringing on bankruptcy. The soldier Premier and his men tackled economic problems with military thoroughness. Recently a Cabinet minister announced tha diterto criticisms recently made by j clergy of methods used in investi- the target, the Navy said. At the moment of landing, the bomb shook loose from its wing position, bounced twice and ex- ploded. Five of the 15 wounded were listed in serious condition. The Navy said all of the families of the dead and injured have been notified. The dead are Photographer Air- man Thomas Leo McGraw Jr., Watertown, N. Y., and Aviation j yesterday by the small Danish Electrician Airman Thomas M. lighthouse supply vessel Argus for Yeager, Columbus, 0, I close study by Air Force experts gations? "I believe the Communist party s a conspiracy and that conspira- ors should be discovered, tried, and, if guilty, punished. I believe he F. B. I. is far better qualified or that duty than Mr. Velde'.s committee. "Mr. Veide should know that no 'rotestant land has been seriously infiltrated by Communism." Velde is a Methodist. In remarks which followed his adio interview Monday night, the 42-year-old Velde was quoted as :aying a committee probe would 'probably include individual mem- bers of the cloth, including some who seem to have devoted more time to politics than they have to the ministry." Another critic of Velde, the Rev. A. Powell Davies, pastor of All Souls' Unitarian Church, said he didn't know what line any pro- posed investigation might take, "As for me, I would hugely en- joy it. I have a record of fighting Communism that goes all the way back to the Russian revolution. It's in print." Dr. Davies said that if any preachers are Communists, "why today and other IT. N. troops beat back Communisl probing attacks all across the 155- mile Korean battlefront. Bad weather grounded all Allied warplanes. One raiding party battled its way into Red trenches near Old Baidy on the Western Front and grap- pled hand to hand with the Com- munists for 20 bloody minutes. The raiders returned to their own lines after the Reds brought up two reinforcing to 80 men. There were no estimates of casualties. A second Allied raiding patrol wrested a Chinese outpost from its defenders in a savage close- quarter battle north of White Horse Mountain on the Central Front, then used the outpost as a base for the fighting that raged all forenoon. Egypt, for the first time since the end of World War II, would have a balanced budget in 1953-54. Here is how. Naguib and his men won their economic battle: First, they went all out against soaring prices. Prices of foodstuffs and commodities were frozen. Army officers were attached to the Ministry of Supply to see that ceiling prices were applied and halt black market operations. Sev- eral merchants were arrested and jailed. Simultaneously, a 15 per cent slash on house rents was de- creed. Selling Cotton Then the government tackled the job of selling Egypt's cotton, which accounts for nearly .75 per cent of Jiis country's exports. Cotton sales, especially to Bri- tain, a long-time major buyer, had slumped to insignificant figures since 1950. The main reason was Malenkov Poor Insurance Risk, Heart Men Say NASHVILLE, Tenn. news- paper survey of Nashville heart specialists has turned up general agreement that Georgi M. Malen- kov would be a poor insurance risk. Six of 15 specialists queried by the Nashville Tennessean agreed to comment for publication and all six agreed that the'new master of Russia may well be suffering from a heart or glandular ailment that the price was artificially kept The heart more pre- Eighth Army officers said the far above world prices by the old j internal medicine specialists ........_ Wafdist government, for specula- i pointed out that a di- tive reasons. Britain, locked in agnosis by newspaper .photographs banged against the Allied lines on every front but were hurled back by dug-in U. N. soldiers. Last night, 12 B29 Superforts bombed Red Korean supply dumps and B26 Invaders pounded Com- munist road traffic. Invader pilots 'don't they get after" them "and ar- reported 109 Red trucks destroyed, rest them? If they are spies, and' The heaviest Communist ground are part of'the Communist con-i blow struck an Allied outpost raiders killed 61 Reds before re- turning to Allied lines. Earlier today Communist troops political battle with Egypt and spiracy, they certainly should be punished." The other Washington churchman who criticized Velde earlier, the Very Rev. Francis B. Sayre Jr., dean of the Washington Cathedral, declined comment. An Episcopal clergyman, he is a grandson of President Woodrow Wilson. Velde's statement Monday night heightened talk of a possible major split among members of the com- mittee, which has been investigat northwest of Yonchon on the West- ern Front. An estimated 200 Chi- faced with internal difficulties, had cut her purchases here drastically. The new government closed the Alexandria cotton futures exchange and decreed henceforth the gov- ernment itself would handle the cotton trade. Prices were based on those of the New York Cotton Tells Congress Munitions Will Be Plentiful Committee Inquires Into Charges Of Gen. Van Fleet WASHINGTON UP) Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson said today enough ammunition will be available soon to give the 8th Army command in Korea "con- siderable latitude" in determining whether there should be "a more active type of operations." His statement, carrying a hint of possible early stepped up blows, or even a limited offensive against the Communists, was made to senators inquiring into the ammu- nition supply situation. WEson said ammunition produc- tion has been expanded rapidly in recent months. He declared sup- plies in Korea are adequate to meet present needs. Wilson was first of a number of iop level civilian and military leaders to testify before the Senate Armed Services Committee at an inquiry into charges by Gen. James A. Van Fleet-that supplies of some ammunition have been and still are short. Van Started Stir Van Fleet, retiring commander of the Eighth Army in Korea, stirred up the controversy over ammunition shortages by public and closed-door testimony Senate committees last week. For what senators called Van Fleet met face- to-face with Wilson; Secretary of the Army Stevens; Gen. J. Law- ton Collins, Army chief of staff, and other Pentagon leaders. Although tie hearing was behind closed doors, prepared statements by Chairman Saltonstall (R-Mass) and Secretary Wilson were handed o reporters outside. Saltonstall told the military and defense leaders that Congress and he public "are seriously disturbed bout conflicting reports as to the dequacy of ammunition supplies vailable to our fighting forces in lores." Wilson indicated in his statement hat he and President Eisenhower ad gone into the question of mmunition shortages and Gen. 'an Fleet's complaints at the time ley visited Korea last year after election and prior to taking ffice. Ammunition Production The defense secretary said that mmunition production had been :epped up sharply recently, -es- and descriptions would be limited, ipecially in types that had been The successor to Generalissimo' Josef Stalin has been described as being 51 years old, 5 feet 7 inches tall and weighing 250 pounds, with a pudgy, sallow and unsmiling face. "He doesn't look unlike people with Cushing's said Dr. nese Reds rushed the position aft- j France, Holland, Turkey, West Exchange, plus a percentage for William Scott. "It is a disease of long staples. [the adrenal, glands and results in At the same time Naguib en- i hifi- blood pressure and obesity. A cardiac goes along with it. He is liable to blow a fuse under pres- tered trade talks with Italy, er it had been hammered by rounds of artillery and mortar fire. The Allied troops met the charge with deadly rifle, machine-gun and mortar fire. The Reds pulled back after 80 minutes, leaving 45 of their dead behind. Smaller fights flared on the Central and Eastern Fronts as the ing for proof of Communist influ- U. N. troops fought off a series of Red probing attacks. Mundt Asks Aid For South Korea WASHINGTON (B Senators Case and Mundt, South Dakota Republicans, proposed yesterday ences in the nation's educational system. There have been reports that Democratic members are dissatis- fied with the course taken by the committee since Velde assumed the chairmanship. Velde, a former FBI-' agent, is serving his third term in the House. The Democrats have told news- men in off-the-record conversa- ions they are being ignored com- pletely when it comes to making )lans. They say they rarely are ;old beforehand what witnesses are scheduled to be questioned. and East Germany, Japan, and other countries behind the Iron Curtain. Recently it was announced an agreement with Red China was under way for exchange of Egypti- an cotton for grains and other commodities. A deal with Soviet Russia also was reported. Government officials, asked about those deals, invariably an- swer: Economic Policy "Our economic policy is very simple. We are ready to sell our sure. Other comments: Dr. Amos Christie, president of the. Middle Tennessee Heart As- thought he might have a glandular disturbance. Things go through your mind like that when you see a picture. Dr. J. Harvill insur- ance statistics indicate men with too much weight do not have a life expectancy as great as peo- ple with average weight. He may be a cardiac. Dr. Clinton E. vod- cotton and other produce to what-) ka stimulates appetite. Malenkov is ever country cares to buy it." To replenish the almost empty treasury, Naguib's government de- cided that all citizens, with no dis- tinctions, were to pay their taxes. billion dollars worth of wool, cot' ton, grains, dairy, poultry and meat products for shipment to South Korea. That war-torn republic would deposit in a reconstruction fund Frazier said he is "unalterably Korean currency to pay for the to a. probe of clergymen, products. IP nfad that the government buy_ half administration has started a big drive toward collecting taxes Mist Mary Brown of Minnopolii is 72 and the only woman auto mechanics student at the Greer Technical Institute in Chi- cago which has 600 male students. Showing holding some wrenches during class, she can't see anything odd about her en- rolling in school because she'll be leaving Minneapolis in a year or so and moving to the family homestead near Marietta, Minn. Her brother, who operates the farm, is in failing health. Miss Brown thinks she'll be needed on the farm and figures the knowl- edge of mechanics will be mighty helpful. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Jackson said it is "unwarranted. Red Guerilla Leader In Malaya Killed KUALA LUMPUR, Malaya S. Manyam, 29, listed as one of the most notorious Indian Commu- nist guerrillas in Malaya, was Hied by British forces in Malacca State, it was announced today. Manyam, a former rubber tapper, was a branch committee member of the Communist party and an assistant editor of a Communist publication. German Given Top Post in U.N. Plan BONN, Germany West German government announced to- day that the first German has been given a leading post in the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization He is Count Siegfried Von der Recke, a top official of the West German Agri- cultural Ministry. The 54-year-old count has been named. FAO repre- sentative for South and Central America. long overdue. Several million pounds are being claimed from ex-King Farouk and the royal fam- ily alone. One of the first measures en- forced by the new regime aimed at enticing more foreign invest- ments. That was an amendment of a law which prohibited more than 49 per cent foreign ownership in corporations. The new legislation allows foreigners to own up to 51 per cent, a controlling majority. Finally drastic controls have been imposed on imports from hard currency areas, thus avoid- ing a squandering of dollars, Swiss francs and sterling pounds, Egyptians proudly point to the latest decisions of Naguib's Cab- million pounds to be al- located to land reclamation and six million to go to construction of new roads. short He said February production was 114 per cent of the ammuni- tion actually fired or used in January. There have been recurrent re- ports for months of an ammunition shortage. Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, went before the Senate group several months ago and told them enough ammunition had been fur- nished at all times for the Eighth Army to carry out its mission in Korea. Bradley is out of town on an over- seas mission and was not among those appearing at today's meeting. Chairman Sallonstall (R-Mass) said in an interview that as far as he is concerned it will be the com- mittee's objective to get Wilson, Van Fleet and- the others to agree on the future ammunition needs of U. N. forces in Korea and on the methods of supplying those needs. "Regardless of whether they dis- agree on what has happened in the past, or even on what the present very definitely overweight. They j situation is, we hope they will get very definitely tend to have s car- diac (heart Dr. J. Allen di- sease does occur more often in peo- ple who are overweight. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy to- night and Wednesday. Occasional light rain or drizzle Wednesday. No important change in temperature. Low tonight 32, high Wednesday 43 LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 48; minimum, 27; noon, 44; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Cintril Observations) Max. temp. 41 at p.m. Mon- day, min. 35 at a.m. today. Soon readings Sky overcast at feet, visibility 7 miles, wind 8 miles per hour from east, baro- meter 30.10 falling, humidity 82 per cent. together on the needs for the fu- ture and how to supply the Massachusetts senator said. Sen. Byrd who demand- ed last week that Wilson punish officials responsible for any short- ages, said he doubts the Pentagon generals and Van Fleet ever will see eye to eye on past perform- ances. Natural 'Sen, Kefauver (D-Tenn) said he thought that was true because of a natural difference in viewpoints on the part of a commander in. the field who always wants ample supplies and bis superiors at home who have to parcel out ammuni- tion for a number of uses. However, Sen. Case (R-SD) said dates and figures Van Fleet pre- viously gave the committee con- vinced him "there were some criti- cal shortages and there was no excuse for them." Armed services committee mem- bers indicated they will ignore a weekend suggestion by Sen. Taft (R-Ohio) for a broadened inquiry into the conduct of the Korean War.