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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 10, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w. EATHER I fair, e l, el fiu dr llllle wurtitff in Ihe IS COMING Re yonr new radio can tt. Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 48, NO. 19 WINONA, MINNESOTA. WEDNESDAY. EVENING. MARCH 10. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Air Russian Force is Expanding Ily Jowph und Waithlnrton Tho military phase of tho Soviet-western conflict has clearly marked by tho pro- posed defensive iillliinco between tho westrrn European powers and tho United States. Tho real mili- tary balance of power between tho Soviet union and tho United States thus becomes more Important than ever. And It Is time to recognize the fact that, especially In the cru- cIiU race lor supremacy In tho dlr, the Soviet union Is pulling well uhcod. Information on Soviet armaments can never, of course, bo wholly ac- curate. Yet tho most reliable In- formation available Indicates that tho existing Soviet military air strength of combat planes moro than equals that of the rest of the world combined. What is more Important, there Is evidence that thn Soviets arc achieving an Immense production lead, During thn lost year, thw Soviet union Is believed to have produced Just short of military planes, equal to slightly moro than 70 per cunt of combat plane production, Tho United States was n poor second with 14 per cent of world produc- tion, and the rest of the world trailed. STATISTICS AUK DULL but these statistics are worth ponder Inc. Nor do they toll tho whole story. Thn war-developed Jot-pro- pelltd fighter plane has made all other types of fighter obsolete, Ac- cordlnc to those who should know the Soviet factories last year turn- ed out upwards of Jet fighters, in five different designs. During the same period, tho United States produced less than one-fifth that number of Jots. This year, tho Sov- iets ore stepping up Jet production to more than 2.500 planes. Even more disturbing to those responsible for American security has been vory recent evidence'that Donovan Inc. Fire Loss Masaryk Dies in 3-Story 'Plunge Jim Mnsaryk the RUMlano tiro now attempting to produce what had previously been im Anglo-American monopoly long-rnngo strategic air force. During the war, tho Soviet air force WM strictly tactical, Uut In tho few weeks, ma.vt formntlonii of long-range bombers, pat- terned on tho American B-20, have np'Xurrrt in thc Russian skies. Sov- iet technicians havo produced ft modification of tho B-2D with a longer fuselage for troop transport. It estimated that with existing aircraft, plat gliders, tho Soviets could now transport in tho nolgh- troops to nny which Includes rnwt" o'f Europe, tho Middle and North Africa. With tho B-20 typo bomber, moreover, Soviet avi- ators, flying one way from existing Soviet bojiivt. could reach any point in the United States except for tho borhood of CB.OOO point In nn area tip of Florida and small portions of Texas. THESE FACTS, of which most Americans are blissfully unaware, are certainly alarming. To bo sure, they urn no doubt less alarming than they appear ut first glance. For inn great Soviet air superiority In part ut least MUmory. Miiny m the vast air force urr of a typo long nKo clpclurncl ob- nc.lpto by tho United Htiilrn itlr lorcr. Moreover, although tho Sov- IrUi havn capable technicians, Am- erican technical capacity lit still far supprlur. Of the five Soviet Jet, designs, for example, only nne bclluved to rival American designs In speed nnd rangn. And that ono is n close Imi- tation of the American P-84 (Re- public Moreover, there evidence that tho Soviets arc not entirely successful. The new Soviet long rango bomber Is un- doubtedly an exact copy three American which were forced down in Siberia toward tho end of tho war, und which the Russians refused to return. Yet tho Soviet technicians evidently had trouble trying to copy tho extremely harcl- to-muke wheel assemblies, for some months ago tho Soviets at- tempted unsuccessfully to buy sev- eral hundred B-20 wheel assemblies from an American company. FINALLY, "iS QUITE clear that In tho long run tho American industrial potential Is Immensely greater than that of tho Soviet union. Yrt certainly there are no grounds for complacency. Thu west- ern powers cannot hope to rival thn Soviet ground Tho nus- Mttnn put morr than 100 dlvlnl'mx in thr field during HIP war, United Blatcs IPKK titan 100. Anglo- American power Is supremo, but urn powrr Is Incompletely effective against a massive continental land powrr. candid iirtmll thai no rffrctlvo defense has brru found for tho new Bovlct-Cler- mun submarine- capable fit nub- merging indefinitely and of speed- ing under water at 17 knoUs, And the Soviet union holds Europe hostage against the atomic bomb, Thomas Faction In Rochester Loses Election Itoohcstnr, IMlnn. In the larg- est city vote In history here, two school commissioners backed by Mayor Claude McQuillan were elected and apparently doomed the "progressive education" policies of Dr. Maurice A, Thomas, superinten- dent of schools. New school commissioner nt large Is Samuel P. Allen who defeated two-to-ono Mrs, M. M, Hargravcs, a Thomas supporter. Tho final un- official vote was to In election of a third ward school commissioner, Robert L. Jacobs de- feated W. A, Schneider, a teacher backed by Thomas, to 583. Tho election contravorslal educational policies of Dr. Thomas, who has already sub- mitted his resignation effective in Juno. Ho said ho had been unable to pet cooperation from tho school board, Tho anti-Thomas fight has been led by businessmen with real estate dealers figuring prominently, Thom- as's policies havo been attacked as "too costly." ,Other elections were for aldermen In three wards. In tho first ward Leo C. Ander- son defeated August Dornack, to 620. Austin Kennedy became al- durman of tho second ward, defeat- ing Robert O. LcIglHon. 055 to 505. In tho third ward Earl A. Thccl polled votes to 087 for Charles Fox. Five other unopposed candidates wero also re-elected. 100 Flee Apartments in Chicago Bomb Blast C'lilRagn More than 100 flud from tholr apartments In u llii'ce-slory brick office-apart- ment building today when n bomb exploded. Thu explosion blasted out thu door of a small printing shop and shattered moro than n score of windows In nearby buildings. No one wan hurt. Says New Czech, Government Attacked by U. S., British Press After Recent Coup BULLETIN Lake Success Dr. Jan Fapanck, Czechoslovak delegate to the United Nations, demand- ed today that the U. S.'secur- ity council Investigate tho communist coup In Czechoslo- vakia. By A. Prague Jan Masaryk, non- party foreign minister in the new communist government, killed him- self today In a leap from his third story office, the government an- nounced. He was 01. (General Lev. Frclmla, a Czech resistance loader in London, com- mented: "Suicide? It is-possible. Masaryk was the son of Thomas Masaryk, founder and first presi- dent of the republic. His death took from the communists the use of the distinguished name. The controlled radio said Masaryk must have been seriously aggrieved and wounded by the -malicious attacks him by the Western Officials of the foreign ministry, after a period of reluctance to con- firm the report, finally announced Masaryk had died at 8 a. m. The government broadcast at noon offi- cially announced the death, The government delayed without expla- nation foreign news agency tele- graph circuits for 30 minutes, Vaclav Nosek, minister of inte- rior, told tho purged Parliament Masaryk hurled himself from his bathroom window. He said tne foreign minister had spent the.night reading letters and telegrams from England and the United States at- tacking him lor continuing in the communist government. Numerous cigarette stubs were found on the desk, Nosok said. All the new cabinet attended the session. A wreath of roses and lilies lay on the bench where Ma- saryk would have sat. The two major political parties arn planning to make use of spe- cial motion picture films during the Ilarascd. Masaryk lost appeared pub- licly Sunday. He looked har- assed, haggard and worried. Even while Masaryk's body was borne from thc courtyard where he fell, Dr. Prokop Drtina, who was minister of Justice in the previous cabinet with him. was convalescing from head injuries sustained in what police said was a three-story plunge from his villa. Czechoslovaks gather in little knots discussing Masaryk's death. It was a shock to those who re- garded him as a possible balance wheel for the country. It was a blow also to those who believed ho might be helpful in getting them out of tho closely-guarded country legally. Masaryk once helped Jews escape from German occu- pation forces. The government announcement said Masaryk had "suffered an 111- ncss, coupled with infirmity, and it seems probable that in a moment, of nervous disturbance, he Jumped out of a window in his official Hal In tho (Czcrnln) palace." "Right to the last mlnulc, he showed no sign of Ihe announcement said. "To thc con- trary he was full of lively optimism. The circumstances are being inves- occupied a small and Republican-Herald, photos Dense Clouds Of Smoke Sptraled Skyward This Morning when flames engulfed zero weather to watch the blaze, huddle over a steel box of hot castings to warm frozen hands. In the background firemen, dc spite the intense heat, can be seen playing water Into the interior of the one-story structure. Dewey 6, Stassen 2 In N. H. Primary By Jack Bell Washington New York's Governor Thomas E. Dewey showed today he still packs a potent political punch by capturing six of eight presidential delegate votes in New Hampshire. But by taking the remaining two in yesterday's first 1948 pri- mary, former Governor Harold E Stassen of Minnesota kept, him- Western Europe Military Pact Near Signing Brussels, of 1'ive western European tlgatcd." Masnryk unpretentious apartment in the lav- ish foreign palace His sister, Alice Masaryk, lives in presidential campaign this year. 1'vo a homo near the palace. Anothra heard some of the candidates .1 sister, Mrs, Olga RcvlUod, lives in Gcnuva, Switzerland. Masaryk was revered in Czecho- slovakia as the son of Thomas G. No doubt tho pictures will all be comedies. This will have a big effect on the Moreover, In their more moments, Navy men will U1K L11UUL, Ull o.v V l 1 third party Musaryk. liberator, founder and first At last Henry president of modern Czechoslova- win have kla. His retention In the commu- Wallace will htwc to comb his hair Of course, with all the candidates making movies of their campaigns Prcsldcnf Truman will havo a definite ad- vantage His will bo a musical. This also r.x- plnliiK why rushing lo build Huh llopo a balcony on the White Houso. in filming these big productions, tho parties will have to uso hcnt-rt'Slstant cameras to protect them from ftll of the hot air In tho political speeches. Onn of the candidates Is trying lo Insuru the popular vote He's trying Lo get Mickey Mouse as his Amrrlcan atomic Tho implications aro clear. A western European military alliance to forestall further Soviet expan- sion Is coming Into being. Without American military strength lo (Hip- port It, military alliance will br mriuilnKlrfl.i. Effocllvn Ami-rlciin strength rrdUliTH dccislvn superior- ity in the air. Air superiority will not br uchloved cheaply. But the pmMblr cost of allowing tho Soviets indefinitely to inrmian their Unicl In thr ulr is not pluiuiulit lu contom- plulc. running mate. Of course, he'll lose the cat vote. Instead of thc usual pop corn machine In thc lobby, all parlies are Initialling a new machine that gives out cigars und kisses babies. And if a drama critic likes a can- didate's picture He's going to glvn II four votes. Si'viM'iil fif Ihe candidates aro try- Ing lo nrl 7-iiimi Turner In pliiy op pasILn thorn. Of course, they don't euro whether or nol Ihcy got elect- ed. But all of tho presidential candi- date's want mo to help Ihotn with their movies After all, I've been running for years. nlst-poscd cabinet after the coup was interpreted here as a commu- nist maneuver to make use of his name. Ills flat endorsement several clays later of close cooperation Ilusla, coupled with an "I am with you" mcsnacc lo the army and to his "Czech nnd Slovak however, seemed lo mosl qualified observ- ITH hero lo mean thai ho had cniliiirliRil on IL iliillnilr. course of iiotliin. wcro Iwo schools at thmiKht as lo what thiil course might be. One felt he was playing a most dangerous double game. Tho other felt he had lent him- self to thc new government, in thc possible hope that he could slccr It on a middle course and bring Moscow and the West logclhcr in Ihe peace he always insisted must be maintained. Masnryk first became foreign min- ister for thc Czech government in exile on July 8, 1940, He returned Prague when Czechoslovakia wns liberated from the Germans in 1045 and kept the foreign affairs post. Masaryk's mother was an Am- erican, the former Charlotte CinrrlRiic, of llrooklyn, was hum In Ho llvoil In Now York for n pnrloil before World War I, working as nn of- fice boy, plumber's assistant anil a piano player in n movie ulcr. He boiiNlcil thai he linow every alley of New Yorlt tirecn Third nvcnuc sinil Iho East river. Ironed out final details today for a five-way military alliance tended to check the march communism. Pierre Elvingcr, Luxembourg self in the thick of the race for the Republican nomination. Politicians thus regarded the New England result'as pretty much of a standoff. They turned their eyes westward for thc consin's April 6 primary. There Dewey and Stassen take on General Douglas MacArthur, who jwlll be testing for the first time his as a positive candidate. impshlrc race long by Dewey supporters! of thc New Yorker's strength in New England. Governor Charles M. Dale, one of the six Dewey-pledged delegates elected. delegate, said a drafting committee outcome a "flattering has prepared eight articles of the thc eovcrnor. proposed treaty. Four remain to; be drafted, he said. It w.-is understood the articles drafted today included provisions for Stassen Well Satisfied Stasscn's supporters on the other hand insisted they were well satis- mutual assistance, machinery for flcd wltVl collecting two Phlladel- scttlement of disagreements arising among the five powers and eco- nomic questions. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Fair and continued cold tonight; lowest zero in the city, five below in the rural areas. Increasing cloudiness Thurs- day and a little warmer in the afternoon; Highest 22. tonight and Thursday. Continued cold tonight. Not quite so cold northwest por- tion Thursday. north and most- ly cloudy south t.onlKhl; nnd. Thurs- day. Light, snow extreme wnil.h poi-tlon Thursday. Continued quite cold. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending-at 12 rn, today: Maximum, 20; minimum, noon. 1; precipitation, none; sun sets l.onlghl, nt sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pep. Bemldji ...........-2 ihlcago 20 Deliver DCS Mollies Duluth Int. Falls Kansas City Los Angeles Mlnml Mpl.s. St. Piiul New Orleans New York Scuttle Phoenix Washington Kcglnu 1 Winnipeg 20 15 4 -5 23 04 71) 7 02 48 <1IJ Cf) 43 -8 -13 -37 H -'.i -3 -23 -33 7 70 -12 59 30 31 44 38 35 -30 .08 ,08 .75 .38 .03 .30 phla convention ballots in an area where the Mlddlewcsterner was little known in 1944, when Dewey won thc party nomination. They had, however, claimed as many as five places as the campaign drew to a close. Stassen made three personal, hand-shaking tours of the state, the last one only a week ago. Dewey put in no recent appear- ance but depended on nn organiza- tion headed by Dale. President Truman won endorse- ment of the Democrats in their primary. He was unopposed. The Dewey slate captured three of l.ho four delegates elected at large. Leading the way were two veteran campaigners Former Governor Robert O. Blood, who polled votes in the 282 of the 208 precincts already counted, and Governor Charles M. Dale, who pot Thc third Dcwcy man to win In thc contest was Robert Upton, vice-chairman of the Re- publican state committee with Fourth place went to a Stassen Hampshire's present Republican national committceman Frank Sullowny wilh votes. One interesting sidelight of the primary was the small vote polled by two delegates running pledged to Genera) Dwlght D. Eisenhower, al- though Iho general had announced he WIIK not lnl.ere.slcd In politics. Elsenhower's name appeared on the ballot, however. Thc best show- Ing of the men running under his banner was votes. A record vote for a presidential j40 Workers Forced to Flee Foundry Fireman Cut Over Eye Kettle Explodes By Ed Hensley A fire wrecked the grinding and cleaning room or the Donovan, Inc., foundry, 1124 West Fifth street, shortly after 8 a. m. today. Forty workers fled to safety seconds after flames engulfed, the sprawling one-story struc- ture. One fireman was Injured when a tar kettle exploded. The blaze started when an infra-red heat lamp exploded, igniting a dipping tank contain- ing a highly volatile sealer, said H. Gill, plant manager, after a pre- liminary investigation. Before Clar- ence Zabrowskl, 472 Broadway, ail employe, could reach ft mechan- ism Unit drops a fire cover over the tank, the Homes had swept to tha wooden walls of the building. Za- browskl called the fire depart- ment. The workers ran from the build- Ing, leaving coats and other per- sonal belongings behind. The en- tire structure was a mass of names when the fire department arrived. Sub-swro weather hampered their efforts to bring the blaze under control, although it was confined, to the cleaning and grinding room. Minutes were lost because a fire hydrant at Vila and West Fifth streets was frozen. Gill praised Zabrowiki for his quick thinking in dropping the fire 'cover over the burning tank, there- by averting a possible disastrous ex- plosion. Cut Over Eye Richard Blank, a hoscman, suffer- ed a cut over his eye when he was struck by a flying piece of metal when the tnr kettle exploded from the intense heat. The fire damage will result in sharp curtailment of production at the foundry, according to Mr. OUL He explained that the destruction of the grinding and cleaning room means a complete cut-off of all shipping. The plant manufactures costings for tractors and farm equipment. The plant manager said that tem- porary equipment will be set up within a few days so that operations can be continued. He predicted, however that normal production won't be possible for 30 or 40 days. Gill's loss estimate docs not cover production time. The entire plant employs 175 workers. The fire tills morning is the third at the foundry in recent years. On. October 6, 1945, a fire de- stroyed the entire plant. The blazo broke out from a flashback In newly-Installed furnace. Lost Au- gust'a minor blaxe broke out in the cleaning and grinding room. The fire today literally destroyed the wooden structure. Only outside walls were left standing. Three pieces of equipment from the Wlnonn. Fire department and 14 firemen fought the blaze for more than three hours. It was brought under control shortly after 10 a. m. Forty Workers Of Donovan, Inc., foundry were forced to flee for their lives this morning when a flash fire destroyed the foundry s grinding and cleaning room in the rear of the main building, sil- houetted in the foreground is a crew of workmen removing a cart of red-hot castings from the blazing structure. One fireman was hurt fighting the blaze in sub-zero Mercury Dips to 7 Below, Coldest March Since 1943 primary turned out, close to The mercury took a dip to seven below zero lost night as Winonans continued to freeze in the coldest March weather since 1043. In that year the lowest tcmperatui'0 record- er for the month was ten below on March 5. No immediate relief was in sight for tonight. "It might warm up by Thursday evening." was thc best the weatherman would, promise. In that year the lowest tem- perature recorded for the month Thc high temperature over night here was 20 above zero. The tem- perature at noon today was a chilly e above. Some of the coldest weather of the winter descended on Minnesota and the Dnkotas today. Tempera- tures fell as low as 42 degrees be- low zero. Headquarters of Chippewa Na- tional forest at Cass lake in Cass county reported a low of 42 dc- jgrces below zero early today. The rarest ranger at Big Falls, Minn., up near International Falls, reported a minimum reading of 38 below this morning. Lows of -37 were reported by Park Rapids and Bcmidji. Minn., and Grand. Forks, N. D. International Falls had Far- co-Moohcad, -32; Devils Lake and Bismarck, N. D., -31; Duluth and willmnr. -24; St.. Cloud, -23; Twin Cities, -12. The coldest March 10 on record since 1933 was recorded this morn- ing at Milwaukee, with a tempera- ture of six degrees above. Madison's reading early this morn- ing was one above. La Crosse was six below. Green Bay was one be- low, and Lone Rock was zero. Temperatures of from zero to as low as 35 below extended over the north and central Rockies and thc northern plains eastward to thc Great Lakes region, Thc mercury dropped In some sections to the lowest of the winter season. High readings yesterday included 79 at Tampa and Miami, Fla., and 70 in San Antonio, Texas. The Rock river nt Molinc, 111., was almost at flood feel but city officials said there was no "Immediate" danger In the Molinc area. California, already under n brown- out to conserve power, will be forc- ed by Its worst, drought 1.0 adopt, daylight, saving lime Sunday. Thc added hour of dnyllRht will save power, already curtailed 20 per cent. Navy Aids Chineie Storehouse Blast Victims TslncUio. China The TJ. S. Navy used all available facilities today to aid hundreds of injured in the tremendous explosion of a Chi- nese ammunition storehouse blast which killed nt least 200 Chi- nese. Estimates Of thc number injured ranged to (In Nanking, Vice Admiral Oscar C. Badger, commander of the U. S. Western Pacific fleet said no Navy personnel was Injured to thc explo- sion.) Bulleti ins House Banking committee today re- jected n motion to kill nil ri-nl control thn end of thlx month. Chairman Wolcott