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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 9, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Mostly Cloudy, Rain or Snow Beginning Tuesday GIVI VOLUME 53, NO. 17 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 9, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Reds Talk Peace at Stalin Rites f-s- A Box Containing 250 pairs of mittens from a shipment of clothing collected in s drive at Minneapolis and St. Paul, under sponsorship of the Marine Wives Club, is opened at the Marine Memorial Orphanage near the Marine Air Wing Base in Korea. Eager children and two of their'Korean directors crowd around the colorful display. Kneeling in front is Cpl. John Lindquist of Stillwater, Minn., left, and M.Sgt. Earl E. Clapp of Cannon Falls, Minn. Standing in the rear is M.Sgt. John A. McNamara' of North Minneapolis. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) Tax Battle in State Legislature Intense ST. PAUL battle between -the minority and majority factions in the Minnesota Legislature became intense today as the lawmakers entered their tenth week of activity. With only six weeks of the current session remaining, the top leaders in tfce minority bloc revealed that they are highly con- cerned over the matter of raising needed additional funds. TODAY ilii Kremlin Power anced 2 Deaths May Be Result of Gas FARIBAULT, MinnrW) A State Crime Bureau agent said today a leak in a natural gas heating stove may have caused a 12-year-old attpntion of the nublic the minor- st- Paul and her 50-year-old plans, laid 25 years ago, achieved ftv leaders in the House and Senate I stepfather to die of carbon monox- dramatic .success through the ity leaders in tne Mouse ana senate poisoning Communist civil war which brought AgL Bilfconley said a Chinese under Stalin's i ernor C. Elmer Anderson and was found in a gas heating stove, s .fi' House Speaker John Hartle, Owa- which might have permitted the is deai Hecannot carbon mnnnx do to enter the anart- uequeaui to anyone ms prestige. To bring their sentiments to the attention of the public, the minor Stalin's Death Help for Peace, Dulles Declares End of Premier Opens Way for Eisenhower Era UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. U, S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles said today the death of Stalin had increased the world's chances for peace. Dulles, in his first news confer- ence at the U: N. since becoming secretary of state, said Stalin's death, however, would not bring any changes in U. S. policy. He said the U. S. would continue to follow the course it has in the cold war, but that, with Stalin dead, that course would have more chance of success. He told a group of correspond- ents representing countries from all over the world that Stalin had put a damper on man's aspirations for peace and the enjoyment of hu- man rights, and said he doubted any successor to the Red dictator would have the prestige to do so as effectively. Dulles said the death of Stalin had removed a very serious ob- stacle to the realization of the peaceful aims set forth in the U.N. Charter and those countries sup- porting those aims could now achieve success and greater real- ization of U.N. aims. These views were given in response to ques- tions. "The Eisenhower era begins as the Stalin era he said in a prepared statement. Malignant Power "For 10 years the world has been dominated by the malignant power of Stalin. He capitalized on the prestige which was won by the Red army defenders of Stalingrad, and when the Red armies moved into Eastern Europe, Stalin used them to establish his Communist satellite regimes. In Asia, Stalin's tonna. The group warned that carbon monoxide to enter the apart "if we ment where the bodies were found. fail to find a solutign to the A crime bureau chemist was at- ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Reading the riddle of the Soviet government is problem of how to raise sufficient tax revenues, many of our neces- sary state and local programs will be curtailed by the middle of 1953." Signing Letters Signing the letter were Sen. due to be a fashionable game for George Siegel, St. Paul, Senate many a long day. Only very ten-1 minority leader; Rep. Fred A. tative answers are given, as yet, by the small group of American experts who truly know the Krem- lin and its personalities. For what these answers arc worth and they are at least worth more Cina, Aurora, House minority lead- er, and Rep. A. I. Johnson, Benson, chairman of the House Minority Group. They called attention to the ap- pointment by Schwanke of a Rev- than the positive answers achieved 1 enue Raising Subcommittee head- by mental they are I ed by Rep. Warren S. Moore, i Duluth, and requested that the crudely as follows: First, Georgi Malenkov is Chief of State but not as yet Dictator, the most powerful but not as yet all powerful, boss but not as yet tyrant. Second, allotment of other ports suggests an intricately adjusted balance of power, which may break down. Third, the design has plainly been made with particular de- ference to the Red army, which may conceivably play a major role in any breakdown of the power balance, as armies often do in tyrant- states. "A_s Stalin dies, Gen. Eisenhower, the man who liberated Western Eu- tempting to confirm the finding. T. great republic, with a prestige un- Lloyd Ballenbach and _ his matched in history. A new era be- gins, one in which the guiding spirit is liberty, not enslavement, and when human relations will 29" be those of fraternity, not one-man w Then, in the words of 1 our charter preamble, the nations, large and small, may come to en- dead in the bedroom of his mother's apartment Sunday afternoon. Bal- leabach's 38-year-old wife and his in the same room. Blood samples and vital organs of the victims were being sent to- day to the State. Crime Bureau laboratory in St. Paul for pathologi- cal analysis, said Dr. A. W. Nuetz- man, Rice County coroner. Neutzman said an autopsy was conducted Sunday night but that there was no indication subcommittee make its full and caused the deaths. There final report by March 20. The were no marks of violence on the committee was scheduled to meet oodles the coroner said. next Wednesday night. Agent William Conley of the We makers rSuest because IState Bureau of Criminal A we maKe tms reojiesr oecause sairi nn in the report can then Be fully there was no indica- fidered by the tax committees of A check three-room apart- both houses and subsequent recom-. ment lflcated d on mendations made to the; full Central Ave.. Faribault's main the letter said. was being made today. cannot afford to leave such dis-1 Nuetzman said authorities lacked cussions to the last days of the j instruments for checking a possi- session, when calm and considered bie gas leak Sunday judgment become impossible in the Neither Ballenbach's wife or ;n rush of last minute legislation, Miss Zak were able to tell author- f which characterized the .close of Hies today what had happened. This Is The Lenin Tomb in Moscow's Red Square in which the body of Joseph Stalin today was placed beside that of his predecessor. This scene was made on a Sunday afternoon in 1947 as a line of Russians awaited their turns to pay tribute to Lenin. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) Britain to Stop War Shipments To Red China By JOHN M. H1GHTOWER UP) The United States and Britain today planned to seek prompt help of other free nations in tightening an economic blockade against ocean shipments of war-useful goods to Communist China. The first move, informants said, will be taken through a secret in- ternational group which has head- quarters in Paris and which is concerned with preventing the flow of strategic goods into Com- munist countries. Members of this group are American and European nations and Japan. Its existence is tions are secret. joy equal rights and dignity and I known unofficially but its opera- peace." f Dulles touched on foreign policy problems all over the world in rapid fire order, he: Atomic Report to Ike Reviews Russ Plans By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON special atomic report compiled recently at White House direction probably is being amplified to reassess Rus- sia's nuclear weapons program under the new Kremlin regime. The report, carrying a high secrecy label, was understood to have been prepared for President Eisenhower following his White House talk with the Atomic Energy Commission a few weeks ago. Along with details of U. S. prog- ress and plans in the atomic field it presumably contains the latest available information from scien- tific and agent sources on Soviet efforts. But since then a new re- gime has come to power in Mos- Under that regime, the already considerable state and political sower of Lavrenti P. Beria, a ruth- McKay to Balance Resources Program WASHINGTON Douglas McKay, in his first formal speech as secretary of the interior, said today the nation should preserve less and coldly calculating official, its natural resources as much as Winding Up Talks British Foreign Secretary An appears to have become greater. Beria wears several official hats. Se is boss of the secret police. I it exploits them. The new cabinet officer said he the 1951 session." Mrs. Ballenbach told authorities chtaese NbaHst eNaUonallst in m -Liit ia a tuaL 111 The new design with these pe- the next several weeks sufficient cnhar features is considered tojrevenues are not raised tte al. have been the personal handiwork jternative will be to -cut Dack of Stalin. It is too complex to have been produced in a few frantic .days of jealousy-charged leaders' meetings, in the anxious ante-room of Stalin's death chamber. Most probably Stalin actually reorgan- ized the Soviet government and put the reorganized machine to work in the shadows, before the party Congress some months ago. Time of Emergency The light has not been let in, precisely because this is regarded as a time of emergency. Stalin himself stayed in the shadows until the emergency of the last war, when he assumed formal respon- sibility as Soviet Chief of State. In the same manner, his former subordinates have now emerged from the shadows in the emer- gency of Stalin's death, to take formal responsibility for their respective sectors of the vast state organization. Thus Vyshinski, who was Foreign Minister in name on- ly, has stepped down to let Molo-; tov become Foreign Minister in! name as well as in fact. What has happened must be bet- ter for Stalin's generation. Of Stalin's two old friends and com- rades in arms, Molotov as Foreign Minister has a dangerous respon- sibility but little power; while Voroshilov as the new "President" of the Soviets has n front-man's (Continued on Page 8, Column 1) ALSOPS The lawmakers warned that if in her daughter became sick Satur- day night and vomited. Ballenbach and Miss Zak came to the apart- ment about 1 a.m. Sunday and all sharply many basic programs, went to bed. which have been accepted for years I The bodies were discovered as fundamentally, decent, humane and necessary to the mental, phys- ical and spiritual health of the citizens of Minnesota." They also took issue with the position of some majority leaders on the question of a sales tax, adding: "It is with amazement that we read that house majority leaders said last Monday and again on Thursday that a sales tax has "got to come" to Minnesota, Several members of your group have al- ready introduced such sales tax bills or plan to do so. "This attitude, if translated into action by the 1S53 legislature and our state administration, will im- pose a staggering burden on low income tax payers. It is the most unfair tax in the field of taxation and has been passed in sonie states only because of the influence of certain industries, who desire to shift their tax load to those least able to pay. "There is no justification for shifting more taxes upon the shoulders of small businessmen, wage earners, and farmers. We need a fair, balanced tax program in Minnesota, Already these people are paying two thirds of the entire tax load in Minnesota while corp- oration businesses pay only one- third." by two aunts, Mrs. Hugh Converse, Faribault, and Mrs. Lillian Mc- Cormick, Owatonna. Ballenbach, his wife, his step- daughter and his sister-in-law, all of whom lived at 350 Chestnut Street, St. Paul, came to Faribault Saturday to visit Ballenbach's mother, Mrs. Amanda Ballenbach, who is in a hospital. The aunts went to the elder Mrs. Ballenbach's apartment when Bal- lenbach and his family failed to visit the hospital as planned. No Prayers Offered At Stalin Funeral LONDON funeral of Joseph Stalin today included no spoken prayers or religious rites. In keeping with Communist doc- trine that "religion is the opium of the the church took no part in the burial rites. Oldest Civil War Vet Weakening ROCHESTER, N. Y. A. Hard, the oldest Civil War soldier, was in dangerous condi- tion today, nearly a week after amputation of his right leg. that country. 5.1 Has no plans to ask the U. N. (Continued on page IS, Column 1) DULLES litical'and economic talks here j ?eria is director of the Soviet Saturday, announced new steps, I energy program. -IHlJli J. J -CV11- iJTll 1 1 thonv Eden and Sppretarv nf Stntp bmed when Malenkov picked up 1. Announced he would leave in I SuUes winding un a round of DO the reins held by tte May for a journey to the Near wmmng up a 01- po I n--- East and South Asia. 2. Said he believed relations be- tween Moscow and Peiping would be determined independently by those two countries and there was little the U. S. could do to influence them. 3. Said a Big Eour meeting with Russia's new foreign minister, V. M. Molotov present deserves thought but wryly commented he had had experience dealing with Molotov before. 4. Said the U. S. was doing what it could'to mitigate the difficulties Now he heads both the Interior to strike 8 balance between and State Security Ministries, com- i the views of: primarily by Britain, to disrupt maritime shipments of strategic goods to the Chinese. Reds. This effort goes far beyond the long-established program of the Allied countries and co-operating friendly nations to cut off war goods from the whole Communist bloc. A communique issued Saturday afternoon quoted Eden as promis- ing the British would set up a new licensing system for ships regis- tered in the United Kingdom and the colonies_ to prevent such ships from carrying to Red China stra- tegic materials from non-British countries. The export of materials of this kind from Britain has long been banned. Beria's jobs fit together. His In- terior Ministry gives him a firm hand for acquiring the brains, brawns and material needed in the atomic program. Control of the se- cret police brings with it control of external as well as internal es- pionage the operation of the atomic spy network which has worked so well for Russia. Beria, so far as is known, has no scientific background to qualify him for direction of the Soviet atomic program. He doesn't espe- cially need it. To a nucleus of able Russian physicists he has added scientists kidnaped or lured from Germany, England and elsewhere. The U. S. was profoundly con- 1. Those who would keep the Malenkov Warns World Russian Leaders United Molotov, Beria Echo Words of New Chief, Urge Stronger Army "3y THOMAS P. WHITNEY MOSCOW w) Over the bier of Joseph Stalin, his successor Georgi M. Malenkov today pledged the Soviet Union "to strengthen by ev- ery means the mighty Soviet armed but declared his foreign policy is one of peace. Both Malenkov and Laventi P. Beria, in funeral orations, praised the "heroic Korean people." Mal- enkov said a "mighty camp of peace, democracy and socialism has been set up" under Stalin, and he counted the Chinese, people in that camp. After the orations, Stalin's body was placed in Lenin's tomb on Red tomb to whose top Stalin invited Gen. Dwight D. Eis- enhower in 1945 when he visited Moscow. Cold Day, The funeral lasted an hour and a half and took place outdoors in windy Red Square with the tem- perature around-12. Somber music by a band of 750 pieces set the tone. Stalin's he died Thurs- day at the age of 74 after a brain brought from the Hall of down before Soviet leaders come to praise him, and then gently placed in the Lenin mausoleum. Speaking beside the bier of dead leader of world Communism, Malenkov declared in ringing tones that the Soviet Union desires in- ternational co-operation and busi- ness ties with all countries, and that the chief task of his govern- ment is to prevent a new world war. Malenkov called on the Soviet people, also, for an "uncompro- mising struggle against external and internal enemies." It is their "sacred he told the Rus- sians, to "strengthen the Soviet armed forces and maintain their readiness against enemy attacks." Words Echoed His words were echoed by hig :hief deputy premier, Lavrenti P. Beria, who said the Soviet 'have modern equipment and able to ward off any aggression." "Our enemies think our loss will bring disarray to our ranks. They will be he declared. The .No. 3 man in the new gov- ernment, V. M. Molotov, was third funeral speaker. Stalin's coffin was moved on a gun carriage to the flower-banked Red Square just before 10 a.m. to- day, Moscow time (2 a.m., EST) country nearer its natural state, from Hall of Columns of the with public_ recreation parks and day after his death. There millions of sorrowing So- viet women and fish and game preserves. Power Dami 2. Those who would build power dams, drainage and irrigation pro- jects and oil and gas developments. McKay said resources manage- ment is not a new field for him. He said he has been active in such work as a' state legislator and as governor of Oregon. He said he feels strongly about preserving wildlife and recreation- al resources, adding: "I almost wish in some ways that the secre- tary of the interior had no other responsibilities." However, he said, he recognizes "the equally heavy obligation" of developing water resources for ir- filed past the bier to say farewell to the man who in 29 years at the head of the Soviet government had become a god to them. A vast throng stood silent as military bands played Chopin's Funeral March and the cortege made its slow way to the rostrum at the mausoleum. On the rostrum were party and government lead- ers, top Communists from Russia's Chinese Commu- nist Premier Chou En-lai, and dip- lomatic representatives The top leaders of the Soviet r, '-.'j i- 4-i't O LJiC kJW cerned about Soviet successes in j ngation and power, grazing, tim- j Communist party and g0vern the atomic effort evea before the I ber and mineral industries, as well Tht Rev. C. F. Savage, rector of Christ Episcopal Church in Moline, HI., conducted graveside services for Pvt. Edwin Rietz, 21, of Rock Island, who died on Heartbreak Ridgef Korea, on Jan. 3 in the arms of his twin brother, Pvt. Irwiff Rietz, seated extreme, right. The twins' mother, Mrs. Elije Rietz, is seated at left. (AP Wirephoto) Python, Pigeon Pals LUENEBURG, Germany Of) A nine-foot python in the local zoo was fed a live pigeon for "his din- ner recently. The python refused the proffer and the pigeon made no attempt to flee. Now they have become fast friends and sleep with the python coiled gently about the bird. "In the exercise of these respon- he said, "I shall attempt to maintain a balance between the developmental and the protective concept." WEATHER advent of the new Russian regime j the trusteeship of compelled a new look at the dan- ger of war. Not Happy Over Results Paradoxically, American atomic and military officials ar, not bap' py that the Soviets, so far a.s is known, have exploded only three atomic devices. One school of bought contends this probably is evidence the last one of the series satisfied Russian nuclear weapon- eers that they had developed what they wanted and that the USSR ;herefore was going into quantity production. This thinking seemed to conflict with the fact that the U. S. has conducted repeated atomic explo- sion tests even while going ahead with stockpiling of operational weapons. However, it has been Soviet mil- itary policy to "freeze" weapons designs when a reasonably satis- factory model has been evolved. FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight and Tuesday. Rain or snow beginning Tuesday after- noon. Warmer tonight. Low to- night 26, high Tuesday 37. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 25; minimum, 7; noon, 25; precipitation, trace. Official observation for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 39; minimum, 22; noon, 39; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) High temperature for last 24 hours was 37 degrees at noon today. Low was 22 at p. m. Sunday. Broken clouds at feet, visi- bility 15 miles and wind from south and southeast and 12 miles per hour. Humidity 64 per cent. Barometer 30.14, ilowly falling. ment carried the coffin to the ros- trum. After the orations, they slowly descended from the plat- form, bearing the coffin to the mausoleum, as the Soviet anthem was played. At noon, the hour of interment, every steam whistle in the Soviet Union blew for five minutes aad the big cities across the country rocked with artillery salutes in Stalin's memory. Nation's Leaders Then, as the nation's leaders re- turned to the platform, troops of the Moscow garrison and of the funeral cortege marched past the mausoleum, paying last honors. The bodies of Lenin and Stalin will lie ia the mausoleum untQ construction of a vast new pan- theon a shrine of Communist built for them and for other dead Soviet leaders. Malenkov's oration was his first pronouncement of his new govern- ment's program. He said he sup- ports the doctrine of Lenin and Stalin that capitalist and Socialist countries can long live in peaceful "coexistence and competitiott" with one another. He called also for the further strengthening of the Soviet state and its armed forces, and of friendship between the Soviet na- tionalities, with Communist China, and with the "peoples' democra- cies" allied with the Soviet Union. ;