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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 8, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 49, NO. 17 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 8, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES om at Teterboro With Record __ _ ,rrn r u ul Hop RBH I IV.-i-_i__1 lAM MfauA -'-V-5 I r Obviously Suffering, Victor Sammertok, 46, center, is carried to an ambulance at Winnipeg, Canada, from an R.C.A.F. plane which brought him and 12 other Eskimo victims of polio from their homes at Chesterfield inlet, on Hudson bay. The mercy flight was completed early Monday. The 13 were hospitalized at Winnipeg. Sixty of the inlet's 275 residents have been afflicted in the outbreak, 4 Protestant Churchmen Get Life Sentences All Property of Leading Defendants Ordered Confiscated Sofia, four top defendants in Bulgaria's spy trial of Protestant churchmen were sen- tenced today to life imprisonment They are Vassil Ziapkov, 48, Congregatioiialist minister; Yanko Ivanov, 48, Methodist; Nikola Nau- mov, 49, Baptist, and Georgi Cher- nev, 46, Pentecostal. Each was fined leva, or about 750. The Moscow trained prosecutor, Dimiter Georgiev, had demanded death terms for each and long pris- on terms for 11 other churchmen on trial with them. All were ac- cused of spying for the United States and Britain and of black market currency dealings. Ziapkov also was accused of treason. Lose Civil Rights The four leading defendants were! sentenced additionally to loss of civil rights and confiscation of all property. Ziapkov, the main defendant and religious representative of the Prot- estant denominations, was accused of leading an organized intelligence Miss Peggy Dow of Athens, Tenn., a former Northwestern university coed, appears in court to get approval for her seven- year contract with Universal- International studio at Holly- wood, Calif. A talent scout spot- ted her as she appeared on a television show while visiting at Hollywood. (AP. Wirephoto.) discovered February 21. The inlet lies within the Arctic circle, 250 for the two western powers. miles north Herald.) of Churchill. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Puzzle on Removing Molotov Continues By Eddy Gllmore M. Molotov, closest associate of Soviet Prime Min- ister Stalin, will be 59 years old tomorrow. The authorityef-fche Soviet statesman who was succeeded as foreign minister by Andrei Y. Vishinsky last Saturday has not lessened. He remains vice-chairman of the council of ministers (deputy prime min- ister) and a high-ranking member! of the policy-making politburo ofj the Communist party. Molotov, who has been a close] friend of Stalin since the days ofj tne Bolshevik revolution, has re-! mained one of the Soviet leader's intimates. There has been no hint from the Soviet press as to the possible in- ner meaning of the shifts in the foreign ministry which saw Vish- insky take over Molotov's duties. Vishinsky in turn was replaced as first deputy foreign minister by Andrei A. Gromyko. Molotov, always known as a "Stalin was prime minister from 1930 to 1941, when Stalin took over the post himself in the war emergency. In London it was reported yes- North Atlantic Defense Pact Details Revealed London Diplomatic writers published last night what they said were details of the proposed North Atlantic defense pact. They said the treaty would be signed in Washington before the end of Added to his life sentence was a five year term on account of spreading rumors about the count-] ry's economic life. He got also 15-year sentence for allegedly try- ing to Incite against the govern- ment. All the 15 ministers had abjectly confessed during the trial. Several wept copiously as they professed their guilt and said they had be- come convinced during their im- prisonment that communism is best for Bulgaria. Others Sentenced Other sentences were: Lambri Mishkov, ,41, Congrega- tionalist, 15 years for spying, three years for spreading false rumors and a fine of leva, or aboutjl Cold Wave Moves Into Northwest Temperature Drops To Ten Below at Pembina, N. D. By The Associated Press Cold weather moved into the North1 Central states today giving hopes to temporarily alleviating flood con- ditions in Iowa and Nebraska. The mass of cold air from Canada hit into North Dakota andj northern Minnesota today, .sendingI temperatures to as low as ten belowl zero at Pembina, N. D. The chilly weather was expected to extend over the central section of the country and cold waves were forecast tonight for Minnesota, Wisconsin and Iowa. Meanwhile, streams in Nebraska and Iowa spilled over their banks and forced hundreds of persons to nee from their homes. Floods Critical Flood conditions were reported as "extremely critical" at a community of in southeast Nebraska. Water from the rampag- ing Big Blue river overflowed sev- eral city blocks. Students from Doane college joined National Guardsmen in relief work. Some 40 families were driven from their homes as the Big Blue swept over an area two miles wide, edging towards Seward, a town of At Beatrice, a city of down- stream residents made emergency preparations. In Nebraska, the Missouri river remained below flood stage but In Iowa scores of persons still were un- able to return to their homes fol- Council Urges State to Raise Judge's Salary The city council, continuing its interest in .the current session of the Minnesota legislature, asked that body Monday night to raise the salary of Winona's municipal judge from S2.500 to a year______ .__ and urged It to defeat a bill which rationad. Residents in the town of would require municipalities to pay were to receive typhoid shots part of-the cost of automatic rail-l today. Highway 75 was reopened [through the town and rail .traffic Bill Odom Crawls from cockpit at Teterboro, N. J., today after setting a world's nonstop record for light planes by flying his single-engined craft from Honolulu to Teterboro in 35 hours. Odom left Honolulu at a. m. (E.S.T.) March 7 and arrived at p. m. On a previous attempt to fly the same course he landed at Oakland, Calif., January 13 after running into unfavor- able weather. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) West Berliners Ask More Coal Berlin Blockaded west Ber- in a belated cold the weekend because of high waters. o a there is no of indica- In Missouri Valley, gas service stillltion that they will get any. was cut off and water was being The "salary of the municipal was resumed. 3ge who now Is E. D. Libera is set by a special act of the Minnesota legislature, passed in Georgi Vassev, 48, Baptist min- 1885, which establishes the muni- ister, got the same sentence asjcipal court of Winona. The act was Mishkov. I amended in 1945 to raise the sal- Haralan Popov, 41, Pentecostal, of the Judge from to years for spying, three years for' spreading false rumors, leva fine on the same charges and an additional fine j (about of for leva black market currency dealings in dollars. loncho Drianov, 41, Pentecostal, and Ivan Stankulov, 44, Baptist, each was sentenced to ten. years for spying and. leva fines on the' same charges. Additionally, they were deprived for 15 years of political and civil rights. Zdravko Bezlov, 28, Methodist, 15 years for espionage, three" years for March. Representatives of the powers Another Winona-sponsored bill In the legislature would permit the city to pay jurors in this court a day. Presently civil case jur- ors get a day, criminal case jurors nothing. Rochester Judge Paid It was pointed out that the Roch- ester municipal judge receives 180 a year, and is provided an of- fice in the city building and two clerks. The bill providing that munici- Ditch Overflows About 50 miles north of Missouri blockade, valley, the Monona-Harrison ditch overflowed onto acres of low- lands and forced several farm fami- lies to evacuate their livestock.- Temperatures were around normal over most of the country outside the north central cold belt. They] were slightly higher from the Great' Lakes region southwestward into Texas and generally lower along the] Atlantic and Gulf coast states. There was some rain in lower Michigan, Illinois and Missouri and some snow accompanied the cold into North Dakota and Minnesota, The average Berliner has received only about 27 pounds of coal all winter long. He has had to heat his home almost entirely with fire-_________ wood. Officials tried to conserve jlican leaders talked today of only the meager amounts of coal which ja go-day continuation of rent con- House G.O.P. Backs 90-Day Rent Curb Bill Washington House Repub- Hop New Mark for Light Planes Trip From Hawaii To New Jersey Takes 36 Hours By Leonard Leddington Teterboro, N. J. Big Bill Odom soared in from Honolulu shortly after noon today setting a world's nonstop record for light planes. The 29-year-old former World War n ferry pilot, already holder of the -world-circling speed record, touched down his tiny monoplane at this north Jersey airport at a. m. 36 hours and one minute after leaving Honolulu. It was Odom's second atempt to bring his single engined, 185-horse- power plane nonstop from Honolu- lu to Teterboro, which is about four miles west of New York city across the Hudson river. He carried 288 gallons of gas- oline. The exact mileage of the long distance hop awaits an official check of his sealed instruments, but flight sponsors estimated it be- tween and Perfect Landing Odom streaked over the field at a. m. He circled the field, then came in for a per- fect landing. The lanky pilot taxied his Beechcraft Bonanza Waikikl Beach along the runway, stopping at a hangar. His plane was followed by an ambulance and two fire trucks. Hundreds of persons immediate- ly swarmed around the plane as Odom brought It to a stop at a. m. A bright sun shone through_and there was a crisp north-to-north- east breeze as Odom swooped on- to the field. To the east New York's towering skyscrapers were clearly visible. Odom hopped out of the plane and crouched on the right wing can be flown in over the Russian The Senate situation raised for pictures and well-wishing entente was heavier because finals has already passed the house negotiating the pact met with been in the military reserve. of representatives and a hearing (Secretary of State Dean Acheson] zahari Raichev, Baptist minister, terday that senior British diplomats Washington yesterday and said ten years for spying and a v. Jt- Vimr-irr on r_. _ believe Molotov is being groomed afterward they were almost finish-Qeva flne. ed with the task of writing the to take Stalin's place as prime minister. I treaty. Informants said the opinion The aniance js a 20-year pledge parently was based on reports all slgners wui resist with mil- to the British foreign office byjtary force an armed attack on any Ambassador Sir Maurice Peterson isjgneri sajd Frederick Kuh, London In Moscow. The informants said Peterson also warned against ex- pecting any basic change in Sov- iet foreign policy. Similar views were expressed privately in London by a high- ranking diplomat of an eastern European communist country. All the informants expressed the opinion Stalin would remain the top man in Russia even if he should quit the prime minister's post. Stalin is 69 and his health has been reported to be "bad. He may wish to free himself of some of his administrative duties. The informants stressed that Peterson did not make an outright prediction that Stalin contemplates retiring from the post of prime minister. Student Pilfers Bay Psalm Book correspondent of the Chicago Sun- Times. Kuh said the draft recognizes, however, that only Congress can commit the U. S, to war by stat- ing "this treaty shall be ratified by each of the parties in accord- ance with, their constitutional pro- cesses." W. N. Ewer, diplomatic writer for the London Daily Herald, Or- gan of Britain's ruling labor party, listed three points he said were in the treaty: 1. Immediate help to any member in case of attack. 2. Mutual aid in the prepara- tion of defense. 3. Consultation if there seems any danger of attack. Ewer said it is now "confidently expected" the pact will be signed WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 44; minimum, 24; noon, 41; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at before April 1 in Washington. The diplomatic correspondent of the liberal News Chronicle said the U. S.., Canada, Britain, France, Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg Los Superior court and perhaps Norway would be the may decide whether the pilfering of I "foundation He said one of the world's most Italy, Portugal and Ice- books was a college prank or not. land would be invited to 30in later. FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and snow tonight, becoming much colder. Wednesday clearing and continued cold. Low tonight 12; high Wed- nesday 23. EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota, tures will average 2 to 5 degrees above normal. Normal maxima 28 north to 44 south, normal minima 8 north to 24 south. Colder Wednes- day, warmer Friday, colder Satur- day. Precipitation light, generally less than inch as snow north and rain or snow Saturday. Caught leaving a U.C.LA. library window with the "priceless" Bay Psalm book in hand, Charles J. Glenn. 27-year-old postgraduate student faces prosecution on burgla- ry charges. The Portland, Ore., man, arrested Friday maintains he "bor- rowed" it as "part of my initiation in a secret society." He was booked on suspicion of burglary and re- leased under bond to appear In superior court today. Librarian L. C. Powell said the Bay Psalm book Is one of 11 known copies of the initial volume print- ed in the American colonies, dating From Washington It was reported that Chairman ConnaUy (D-Tex.) of the Senate foreign relations com- mittee had dropped his opposition to inclusion of Italy in the pact. Wier Asks Funds For Channel Work Washington Representa- tive Wier (D.-Minn.) yesterday ask- ed the House appropriations com- mittee to approve a grant to extend the nine-foot channel of the Mississippi river to the north- back to 1640. He said he will ern limits of Minneapolis. He said recommend extension would make avail- on at a meeting today with nearly three miles of excellent Clarence Dykstra. The book was [river frontage on both sides of the part of the Freedom train collec- tion. river, providing fine harbor facili- ties. on it is set for Thursday in the senate. The railroad and the city would share in the cost in proportion to the benefit received by each. A single-track installation cost ap- proximately a double-track Installation about Council Opposes Bill In its resolution the city council says that it is opposed to the bill "on the grounds that the munici- palities do not receive either rail- road tax support or highway tax support and that the additional costs on the cities would have to be borne by additional levies against the already overburdened Tax Refunds Average Returns Being Made Weekly By Charles Molony Washington Refunds for overpayment of 1948 income taxes already have hit a clip. They're averaging about 550 a question of whether there wi handclasps. any rent curbs at all after BusinCSS Trip March 31. The pilot was hatless when he 100 Fishermen Rescued From Michigan Ice Menominee, Mich. A Coast] to get the early re- Guard lifeboat poked its that made such early through the ice-flecked waters ofjrpflmriine uassiUe Green bay last night to rescue refunding possicie. the last of more than 100 fishermen! Officials don't know exactly how marooned on ice floes. jmany of the return-mak- A 44-mile an hour wind rippedj Green bay's ice early in the day.' One giant chunk started up the bay for the open water of Lake Michi- gan, carrying 60 men in tow. As private and Coast Guard planes each. It's a record for speed, officials said today, pointing out that the deadline for filing 1948 income tax returns is still' a week off. The hot prospect for a refund- four out of five taxpayers are likely roe League of Min- and boats and hundreds of volun- nesota Municipalities, noting rushed to aid the trapped nw% under the law the cost would be I the eight by 20-mile ice chunk borne by the party benefiting, has! ground into a bank of crushed ice. Stated out that "one of the men dashed ashore and saved tical problems which would devel-ia few vehicles, but a truck, a car op if the proposed law passes would land 75 expensive nets had to be be the difficulty of countering the abandoned. Across the upper peninsula of Michigan, a series of small rescue operations lifted 35 men from scraps of the breaking ice in Keeweenaw contention which the railroads would likely make an these, cross- ing protection cases, that since the railroads were there first the cross- 1 aS SHOW IlUitUlItlillUElUL} WC1G U11E1E south Friday or I ing protection provides no benefit bay. Three of these men were saved i as their floe reached the en- Additional weather on page 13. railroads." I or relatively little benefit for the Some officials guess that perhaps taxpayers end up with refunds amounting to something like biggest reverse tax-money flow of the kind in his- tory. These figures relate strictly to re- funds in cases where the returns show on their face that taxes col- lected via withholding from pay ex- trance to Lake Superior. BREAKDOWNS STUDIED Cincinnati Feeling tired? Maybe you have a nerv- ous breakdown. Anyway, that's what Dr. Wal- ter C. Alvarez says is the com- monest cause of that spring fever feeling in the wintertime. Dr. Alvarez is senior consult- ant at the Mayo clinic in Ro- chester, Minn. He spoke yes- terday to some family doc- tors attending the first scien- tific assembly of the American Academy of General Practice. "So many of the people I see complain principally of being Dr. Alvarez said. "They have no pep, they have lost their joy in life. They want to know why they are dragging around." First off, the Mayo physician said, he wants to know if the patient has earned his fatigue through _ overwork. "Perhaps there has been great strain, or grief, or disast- er, in the family, or in the busi- he said. "Persons who have earned their fatigue gen- erally feel it late in the after- noon." There, he said, is where this nervous breakdown business en- ters the picture. "Usually this breakdown has not been recognized even by good Dr. Alvarez continued. "Why? Because they were depending on tests and X-ray studies, and such tests do not reveal a nervous break- down. "They do not show that the woman sitting in the office has a broken heart, because of the loss of a beloved husband, or beau, or only child. Such trag- edies do not show up in tests." Nervous breakdowns, he said, may be of two main that is earned; one that comes from a clear sky because of a bad nervous heredity. How do you tell the difference? "There is one easy said Dr. Alvarez. "Those with a. nervous break due to bad her- edity often feel their fatigue on waking in the morning. Usual- ly they straighten out by aft- ernoons and sometimes they are full of energy by nightfall. "The man with a good her- edity, who earns his fatigue by overwork, gets it usually In the afternoon. By 4 o'clock he would like to quit and go home. It is the work he has to do after he is tired out which does him great harm and event- ually brings a. breakdown." It-s estimated, how- some 10000000 ajready in Representative Martin of Massa- chusetts, No. 1 Republican in the House, reported that a majority of the House G.O.P policy committee has taken a stand for the 90-day1 idea. Congress could then "take another look in he said. Present rent controls expire March 31. Senator Myers (D-Pa.) went be- fore the Senate banking committee io. urge approval of his bill for a 27-months extension. Myers, with C.I.O backing, wants the Senate to pass a stronger measure than the one approved by the house banking committee last Friday, for 15 months. President Truman asked two years. Whether the Senate will ever get an opportunity to act on any exten- sion bill depends on a number of factors. These all lead back to the emerged from the plane's door but quickly put on the gray Homburg which he wore when he left Hono- lulu. His first comment: "I feel just like a business man, coming home on an easy trip. The only trouble I had was over the Rocky mountains, where I had some bad weather. "Once I let my tank go dr? while I was making a record the plane, and I found my engine went dead. 'The plane dropped down through clouds and I had a helluva time finding an opening again." Odom was greeted by dignitaries from New York and New Jersey, including aviation and public offi- cials. The red and silver plane was sur- rounded quickly by the milling throng of visitors at the field to see current southern filibuster to save j tne fller compiete his record-smash- the filibuster. lmg fught. They almost obscured If Congress fails to act to extend the current rent control law past March 31, there is little chance that the curbs ever will be revived. the plane. A broad grin on his face, Odom finally pushed his way through the crowd and Into the lounge of the Chairman Sparkman (D-Ala.) of Atlantic Aviation Company. the banking subcommittee, Major' ity Leader Lucas CQ1.) and Sen- ator Taft chairman of the G.O.P. policy committee, have all agreed this is true. Meanwhile, a new move by Lu- cas to' break the filibuster threat- ened to halt Senate progress to- wards any .new rent curbs until the floor fight over a proposed rules change is concluded. His face was clean shaven and he did not appear too weary. In addition to the ever-present homburg, he was Wearing a clean white shirt, red and white tie and his grey plaid "lucky suit." Odom said he had 14 gallons of gasoline left. It Was Easy' "It was I want to do Is sit he said. Odom, 29-year- old career pilot, came into promin- southern resistance to, the propo- wealthy sal. spf. a record of con- night or "round-the-clock" Senate ceed the total amount of tax due could bring his subcom- in 1948. Cases of complicated tax] questions aren't counted. Chief reason for the record flow of refunds is that when the income tax' cut was voted last spring, it was made retroactive to the start of 1948, but withholding rates weren't reduced into line until after last May 1. For that reason, many taxpayers were "over-withheld" for the first four months of 1948 and they're entitled to get their money back now. Less important explanations of the refund outpouring are the 1948 act's lowering of tax percentages, added exemptions for persons over 65 or blind, and the provision that married couples may split income for tax rates in order to get into lower tax-percentage brackets. Anticipations of refunds have been so strong that, officials say, some taxpayers who got the bureau's col- lectors to help them make out early] returns and then found they had1 no refund coming have been highly vocal in protest. "Irritation would be a mild word for what they one official said, adding that plenty of people have written collectors' offices a week or two after filing returns claiming refunds and kicked about delay in getting the money. Bearings to an end. He said it is too much to ask of a senator to appear at 10 a.m., for rent hearings and then be expected to attend Senate sessions from noon on into the night. Queen Mother Nazli Leaves Rochester Rochester Queen Mother Nazli of Egypt left with her official party aboard a Northwest Airlines plane for New York last night. The queen mother had been at the Mayo Clinic since December 21 for treat- ment following an earlier opera- tion. It was her.; third visit to the clinic. brother, were cut and bruised but were not hospitalized. verted A-27 attack bomber. Four months later, Odom smashed that record. He circled the globe in 73 hours, 5 minutes and 11 seconds for a speed mark which still stands. The flight started and ended at Chicago. On his first attempt to set a long distance record for light planes, the .anky, balding airman flew statute miles January 13 from Hon- olulu to Oakland, Calif. Flying the same plane he used today, Odom was headed for Teter- joro but was forced to turn back on the West coast when he ran into storms over the Sierra Nevada mountains. This flight, however, broke the previous record of miles, set In 1937 by two Russian flyers. Odom topped his January mark yesterday when he passed over San Francisco at p. m. When he took off from Honolulu Sunday night he carried with him four quarters of water, a half pint of orange Juice, chicken sandwiches and a few chocolate bars. Wood Lake Man Fatally Injured Vesta Mrs. Clara Jahnke, Wood lake, was fatally Injured last night when a car driven by her husband, Adolph, 47, collided with a second piloted by Theodore R. Grams, 66, of Echo, at a nearby highway Intersection. The-two men out Italy closed their doors today and Agnes Jahnke, riding with her Italy Tax Protest owners through- In a one-day protest against gov- ernment taxes, which they say are too nigh. ;