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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, March 07, 1953

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 7, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Nor So Cold Tonight, Sunday, Periods of Snow (5IVE VOLUME 53, NO. 16 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 7, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES 10-Mile Line at Stalin Bier; Malenkov New Soviet Boss Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin lies in state in the Hall of Columns of Moscow's House of Trade Unions. Banked by flowers, the coffin rests on a high platform in the great hall during the second of four days of official mourning. The body of the Soviet leader is on view for the public. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Building to Resume At Housing Project Construction will resume early next week on Winona's 160-unit housing project. That was announced Friday afternoon by William J, Thurow, vice chairman of the Winona Housing Redevelopment Authority. He said that Public Housing Administration engineers have de- cided that the buildings can be erected on the same site as originally planned but that pilings must be driven for the foundations of about TODAY Vincent Decision Stands By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Evidently early reports have misrepresented Secre tary of State John Foster Dulles' approach to the gigantic problem of reorganizing and administering his new' department. It has been alleged that Dulles was following the- system of the legendary Rus- sian pursued by wolves, throwing any State Department employee to Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy in the happy hope of escaping himself. This has now been proven wrong in the highly significant case of John Carter Vincent, which has been too much obscured by the rush of other events. In this case, Secretary Dulles assumed personal responsibility for deciding Vincent's fate, after the Truman Loyalty Re- view Board had held that this in- tensely controversial foreign ser- vice officer was doubtfully loyal. Dulles took his responsibility ex- tremely seriously. through the whole long record of the charges against Vincent, before the Senate Internal Security Com- mittee and elsewhere. He consi- dered other evidence that was al- so presented to him. He talked with Vincent. In the end, he concluded that there was no doubt about Vincent's loyalty, but that there were grave doubts about his wis- dom that, in short, Vincent was a perfectly loyal American but a silly fellow. Resignation Allowed On the basis of this judgment, 22 buildings. Thurow said that an estimate j has been made of the cost and j the number of pilings considered j necessary to insure stability of the large frame and brick buildings. However, he declined to reveal the estimate; he said that actual conditions encountered during the excavation and construction may change the present estimate. Work Stopped Feb. 4 Work was stopped on the project Feb. 6, only several days after excavation had begun, when unfav- orable soil conditions were en- countered. The contractor, WMC, Inc., called attention to the soil, indicating that it might not be stable enough to support the long buildings. The largest is 126 by 25 feet, the smallest 78 by 26 feet. Borings were made at the site Chicago and Wash- ngton Public Housing. Administra- ;ion engineers came for a con- ference. The decision that pilings will solve the than re- designing of the foundations or changing of the made finally Thursday afternoon at City flail, when three members of the authority conferred with A. M. Korsmo, Washington, chief PHA engineer; Henry G. Schnobrich, chief of construction and inspec- tion in the Chicago field office ol the PHA, and D. W. Mewhinney, Minneapolis, PHA project engineer. Present from the authority were Thurow, Ervan Abts and Arthur Gallien. Chairman Frank Cunning, ham and C. Paul Venables are out of town on vacation. 'To Prevent Settling' "The soil conditions are not as serious as first said Thu- State Funeral Monday for Dead Dictator Body to Be Placed In Lenin Mausoleum, 4 Days of Mourning By THOMAS P. WHITNEY MOSCOW Soviet Union today readied the greatest funeral in its 37-year history for Joseph V. Stalin. The new government and the Communist party an- that his body, after rites Monday, would lie alongside Len- a's in Red Square until a great new temple shrine of world built to re- ceive them and other Red "im- mortals." An official announcement of the party Central Committee and the pvernment Council of Ministers, low headed by Georgi M. Malen- as Stalin's successor, said the uneral- would be held at noon Monday (4 a.m., but gave no details of the form the rites would take. Nor did it say whether any part i" would be taken by religious lead- rs, who have led public prayers or Stalin since his last illness was nnounced Wednesday. 4 Dayi of Mourning Moscow observed the second of four days deep- official mourning for the fallen leader who died Thursday night of heart failure and other complications following a massive brain hemorrhage Sun- Mourneri Form A Long Line outside the House of Trade Unions in Moscow today as they wait to file past the bier of Soviet Premier Joseph V. Stalin. Stalin's body rests on a high platform in the building's great empire-styled Hall of. Columns. A huge portrait of Stalin, edged in black, hangs above the entrance. (AP Wirephoto of Radio Retransmission via Paris to The Wincraa Re- publican-Herald) Hope Says GOP Thousands Waiting day. Sorrowing Muscovites and other Russians waited through bitter cold in a 16-abreagt, 10-mile- long line to pass Stalin's flower-1R- (-Kan) promised farm- Will Continue Farm Supports NEW YORK Rep. Clifford j In Bleak Cold to See Stalin roiy. "Due to the length of the buildings, it was considered ad- visable to use piling to prevent un- even settling over the years." There are 33 dwelling buildings in the project and an administra- Secretary Dulles allowed Vincent tion building. About 22 are in the to resign with full pension rights, j lowest part of the West End site. The difference between the Dulles I Thurow said that the unrevealed decision and the prior decision of cost of the piling will be paid out the Loyalty Review Board was the j of the project's contingency fund, difference between firing a cook created when the low bid of for burning the roast, and charging I was under the PHA con- cook with being a professional struction estimate. The contractor, according to an earlier announcement of the auth- ority, has 400 days from May 1, 1953, to complete the project. poisoner. The difference was in- stantly recognized by Sens, Mc- Carthy and Pat McCarran. They had, in effect, charged Vincent with being a professional poisoner of the worst kind. They at once denounc- ed Dulles for his action in the bit- terest terms. But the Dulles decision in th Vincent case was also bold in an other way. Before the Senate In ternal Security Committee, th s e m i-professional ex-Communist Louis Budanz, had testified unde oath that Vincent was an active member af the Communist party On the basis, of first hand experi ence of the part played by Vincen in war-time China, the Budenz tes timony was challenged by one o these reporters. It was also flatlj denied by Vincent. Budenz none theless reaffirmed his sworn state ment, and was strongly upheld by Sen. McCarran. What confronted Secretary Dul les, then, was an propo sition. Either Budenz was untruth- ful when he made his charge against Vincent, or Vincent lied in his denials. It is singularly signi- ficant that a brilliant and season- ed lawyer, with the conservative cast of mind and strongly judicial temperament of John Foster Dul- les, should have decided this con- flict in favor of Vincent after the most laborious review of all the evidence. Judgment Significant If Dulles thinks Vincent was tell- ing the truth in denying member- ship in the Communist party, then he must also think that Budenz foreswore himself when he declar- ed under oath that Vincent was a Communist Party member. This clearly implied judgment by Dul- (Continuad on Page 9, Column 3) ALSOPS banked, open coffin. It rested on -a high platform in the House of Trade Unions' great empire-styled Hall of Columns, on Red Square a few hundred yards from Lenin'.s ruddy-colored, stone mausoleum. From over the world, top for- eign Communists hurried to the Soviet capital for the last rites of the man who for 29 years, ever since t'.e death of Lenin, received first allegiance of the Soviet Un- ion's 200 million people' and of the millions of Communists abroad. Plan Monument The announcement of the funeral time said the ceremonies would end with the placing of the sar- cophagus containing Stalin's em- balmed body in the Lenin mauso- leum. Presumably then Stalin's body will remain exposed, under glass, for public veneration as Lenin's is. "A monumental building a Pantheon is to be built as a memorial to their immortal said the announcement. "The bod- of Lenin and Stalin as well as ers Thursday night that the gov- ernment will continue farm price supports through 1954 and then provide a program to give the farmer a "fair share of the na- tional income." Hope, chairman of the powerful House Committee on Agriculture, told the Commodity Club of New York that price supports at 90 per cent of parity will be continued on the basic commodities during 195 and 1954. "What happens after that will b up to he said, "and th position of Congress today, whic I think will be the position o Congress a year from now, is no to give up any farm program unt ,ve have something better to tak its place." Hope emphasized that there wi 3e no change of objectives unde the new administration. He sail "as expressed b; Eisenhower Agricul ar the remains of other outstanding reien isenower a gr leaders of the Communist party Secretary Ezra T. Benson j parity prices in the market plac (Continued on. Page 9, Column 4) and a fair share of the nationa STALIN (income for agriculture." Left Of A Greyhound Bui, incoming from Yuma, Ariz., was torn open when the vehicle struck an abutment near downtown Los Angeles today. Several of the 15 persons injured are ia critical condition. Some of the injured are viewed still sitting in the bus shortly after the accident occurred. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican. Herald) By EDDY (Editor's note: Eddy Giltnore, Associated Press correspondent in Moscow for more than a decade, joined the vast lines of those mewing the body of Joseph Stalin today. Here is his MOSCOW death as in life, Joseph Stalin is a singular figure of a man. in the Hall of Columns, his head on a silk pillow, he is a striking figure. There is a monumental dignity about him. He wears a gray military that the world has seen in so many pictures. Over his hearl are numerous medals. You start in this seemingly end- less line of people at the door of the Hall of Columns in the House of Trade Unions. It's a bitterly cold day, the kind that makes the pavement burn through the soles of your shoes. The sun is shining but the mercury has sagged below zero. Moscow's wide streets near the House of the Union are cleared and orderly as lines converge on the green colored building in the heart State Rests In La Crosse Death Trial LA CROSSE state rested Friday in the prosecution of two of the city, a very short distance more Camp McCoy soldiers in the from the old Kremlin, where Stalin street corner slugging death of a Nebraska National Guardsman last August. worked and died. All Kinds of People There are all kinds of people. The usual offering of defense j old people, young people, middle motions for dismissal of third de- aged people, children gree murder charges against Pvt. Wayne Kamp, 21, of Postville, la., and Pvt. Thomas Reilly, 19, of Detroit were denied by Circuit Some have eyes red from crying. All are solemn. About them is an air of expectancy that they are close to seeing something dramatic. Judge Lincoln Neprud who then Some carry wreaths of spring adjourned the trial until Monday. flowers_ Some hold small blmches Taft Asks Full Quiz in Conduct Of Korean War WASHINGTON Iffi Senator Taft (R-Ohio) proposed today a full- scale congressional investigation of the conduct of the Korean war. Taft, the Senate Republican lead- er, told reporters he thinks it might )e wise to broaden a pending 'in- quiry into reputed ammunition hortages to cover also the cir- cumstances surrounding armistice alks and the handling of prisoners. The senator advanced his plan NEW YORK WI Andrei A, shortly after Gen. James A. Van by a fall but more likely was j Gromyko arrived here by plane Fleet had spent an hour and 10 caused by a blow by some object from Lonclon Friday to replace minutes with President Eisenhow- such as a bottle. In previous testimony during the engthy legal maneuvering since Valla's death, witnesses have said hat Delores Vinson, 16, one ol he defendants still to face trial, truck Walla with a bottle. WEATHER Federal Forecitt Winona and vicinity Mostly loudy, not so cold tonight and Sun- ay. Occasional periods of light now. Low tonight 12, high Sunday The two soldiers, along with two others who pleaded guilty and two :een-age girls who have pleaded insanity, are charged with beating Cpl. Frank Walla of Seward to death in a robbery to finance an extension of a spree. Dr. Martin Sivertson, pathologist who performed the autopsy on Valla, 42, said death was caused! by a brain hemorrhage. On cross examination he said ;he injury might have been caused I of golden mimosa. Two or three (Continued on Page 9, Column 5) THOUSANDS Gromyko Arrives As U.N. Delegate Gen. Marshall To Represent Ike At Coronation WASHINGTON Wi President Eisenhower is sending his war- time boss, Gen. George C. Marsh- all, as his special representative to the June 2 coronation of Brit- ain's Queen Elizabeth. Named as assistant representa- tives yesterday were Gov. Earl Warren of California and Mrs, Gardiner Cowles of the Cowlas publications. Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, will represent the U. S. mil- itary services. 8. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 ours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 20; minimum, 5; oon, 17; precipitation, trace; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Cm. Observations) Max. Temp. 12 at p.m. Fri- ay, min. 4 at p.m. Friday, oon overcast at 000 feet, visibility 5 miles with ght snow, temperature 14, wind 5 iles an hour from east, barometer .51 slowly falling, humidity 55 er cent. Andrei Y. Vishinsky temporarily as leader of the Russian delegation to the United Nations. Gromyko had no comment on the death of Premier Stalin and his succession by Georgi M. Mal- enkov. "I have nothing to he told newsmen as he disembarked from a British Overseas Airways plane. "I'm just here to attend the Gen- eral Assembly.'" Asked if he would speak today in the UN, he replied only: "I'm not familiar with the situ- ation." Gromyko, ambassador to Great Britain, flew into New York less than 24 hours after Vishinsky sailed on the French liner Liberte for conferences with Moscow officials. Vishinsky learned just before sail- ing that the Malenkov regime had reduced him from foreign minister to deputy foreign minister while assigning him as permanent dele- gate, to the UN, Gromyko was accompanied here by Vladimir Lavrov, first secre- tary of the Soviet embassy in Lon- don. They were met at Idlewild Air- port by eight beaded by Semyon K. Tsarapkin. of tne Russian UN delegation. er. The general declined to say whether he and the chief executive talked about his claim that ammu- nition has been seriously short in Korea. The retiring commander of the 8th Army, whose report on ammu- nition supplies had set off the con- gressional investigation, would say only that he had had a "friendly, old-time chat" with the President. "We should know about all of these things for their impact on what we are going to do in Taft said in proposing the broader study. He said he had in mind the pos- sibility of creating a special com- mittee to bring all inquiries about the Korean war under a single tent. Man Goes to Buy Tombstone, Dies PEORIA, 111. WI Charles E. Jones, 76, went to the office of a monument company Friday to 'urnish wording for tombstones for umself, his wife and other family members. Before he bad given a clerk the information he collapsed and died. Big Shakeup In Government Top Command Molotov Returned To Old Post of Foreign Minister By EDDY CILMORE MOSCOW M. Malen- kov today led the Soviet Union and its wide 'successor to Joseph V. Stalin. His elevation was accompanied by a wholesale shakeup of top govern- ment personnel. Selection of Stalin's 51-year-old protege to be the new Russian prime minister was announced by the Kremlin Friday night. Long a close associate of the dead Com- munist chief, Malenkov had been considered his likeliest successor. A government Communique said the host of other ently aimed at streamlining the So- viet neces- sary to assure "uninterrupted and correct" leadership of the country and to prevent "any kind of dis- array and panic" following Sta- lin's death. The -communique also announced that the Supreme Sov- iet Union's Parliament would meet in Moscow March X4 to con- sider the changes. Among the most important switches were: 1. L. P. Beria, boss of the Soviet secret police and Russia's atomic energy program, named head of the newly combined Interior and State Security Ministries. He pre- sumably also wilt retain his po- lice and atomic duties. 2. Deputy Premier V. M. Molotov returned to the post of foreign min- ister he held from 1939 to 1949. replaced Andrei Vishinsky, who was appointed permanent Soviet representative to the United Na- ions in New York. Vishinsky had .aken over the Foreign Ministry ob from Molotov. 3. Marshal Nikolai Bulganian, a member of Stalin's five-man inner war council during World War II, was named minister of the armed orces in place of Marshal A. M. asilevsky. The latter a eputy minister. 3 Named 4. Three deputy foreign ministers Iso were Jacob lalik, who held the same position nder Vishinsky and formerly lussia's U.N. delegate, and Vassily {uznetsov, formerly head of oviet trade union movement. Beria, Molotov, Bulganin and azarus Kaganovich were all re- amed deputy prime ministers, ince Beria's name was mentioned rst, be will be the top deputy. With Malenkov, these four form a new "Presidium" of the Council of Ministers that apparently will be a highly important government organ. Marshal Klementy Voroshjlov, formerly a vice premier, was chos- en chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, replacing Nik- olai Shveraik. This post (largely an honorary one) is equivalent to the presidency of the Soviet Shvernik was made chairman of the All-Union Council of Trade Unions, in place of Vassily Kuz- netsov. Anastase Mikoyan, former com- missar of foreign trade, now heads the newly-combined Ministries of Foreign and Internal Trade. Ten other ministries merged into three. The changes were announced by the Central Committee of the Com- munist party, the Council of Min- isters and the Presidium. Presidium They also set up a new all-pow- erful 10-man Presidium of the Cen- tral Committee, including Malen- kov, Berial Molotov, Vorshilov, N. S. Khruscbcv, Bulganin, Kag- anovich, Mikoyan, Saburov and M. G. Perukhin, chief of the chemical industry. The old Presidium elec- ted at the big Communist party Congress last October included 25 members. The Communist party newspaper Pravda said in an editorial the changes were "directed toward preventing any kind of interrup- tion in leading activities of and party organs." To aid the 53-year-old Bulganin at the Armed Forces Ministry, the government named Marshal Georgi Zhukov, Russia's first com- mander in occupied Germany, as one of two deputies. The other sub- ordinate post went .to Vasilevsky, the former minister. ;