Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 7, 1952, Winona, Minnesota
Cloudy Without- Much Change (n Temperature Winona High-Rochester 8 O'clock Tortight VOLUME 52, NO. 17 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 7, 1952 SIXTEEN PAOES Ban on China Invasion Asked In Armistice Red Negotiators Act to Forestall Move by Chiang This Unidentified Lady was carried to safety while other victims of a bleacher collapse helped each other to unscramble themselves from the tangled mass of beams and wooden chairs. More than 275 spectators at the Sonia Henie Ice Revue were injured last night in Baltimore, Md., when a section of the grandstands in the armory crashed to the floor. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Ike Given Slight Edge Over Taft in N. Hampshire Vote Editor's note: A -week ago a survey of political sentiment in New Hampshire, including reports from each county in the state, sh'owed that local newspaper editors thought the Eisenhower-Taft race would be close with Eisenhower having an edge. Today, with the primary only four days-off, another survey is reported. By RELMAN MORIN CONCORD, N. H. second and final newspaper editors' survey of "grass roots" sentiment in the New Hampshire primary election campaign again indicates ,Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower has a slight lead over Sen.. Robert A. Taft by a smaller margin than, a week Editors of newspapers provjded'ihe tolrinrt ihe, city-, revealed -it hadn't -issued- TODAY Taft Set For Gain In N. H. By STEWART ALSOP CONCORD, N.H.-Sen. Robert A. Taft is certainly among the shrewd- est professional politicians in the United States. And when, against the advice of all those around him, Sen. Taft entered hiSrJiame in the primaries here in New Hampshire, he may well have made one of the most brilliant political moves of his career. His chief rival. Gen. Dwight D. has one immense as- set. This is his immense appeal to the mass of the voters. It is this it is really just about Eisenhower's only asset with the hardshell Republican professionals Taft undoubtedly hopes to weaken fatally in the primary vot- ine here next Tuesday. For Taft can reasonably hope to run a very close second to Eisen- hower in the preferential primary "beauty contest" as it is called here. He can even hope, with luck, to win this contest, and thus seem to puncture, once and for all, the "myth" of Eisenhower's greater popularity. The fact is that Taft is in a peculiarly enviable position here, for be and his back- ers have carefully cultivated the notion that he has entered the New Hampshire primary with all the cards stacked against him. in an admirable spirit of derring-do. In fact Taft has all sorts of political aces up his sleeves. Helped Bridges Gen. Eisenhower, for example, has the enthusiastic backing of such conspicuous Republican. fig- ures as Gov. Sherman Adams, for- mer Gov. Robert O. ot whom are running as Eisenhower Sen. Charles Tobey. But the powerful political organi- zation of that agile operator. Sen. Styles Bridges, is worth the back- ing of all these put together. Brid- ges is maintaining in public a rather smug attitude of neutrality. Yet it is significant that Bridges became Senate minority leader with the indispensable help of Sen. Taft, and that he is considered here sure bet ior a place in any Taft cabinet It is significant also that Bridges' former assistant, Wesley Powell, who almost beat Tobey in the 1950 primary with Bridges' si- lent help, is the leading Taft dele- gate candidate. Bridges has a most intimate' understanding with "The Manchester Union Leader." a pow- erful New Hampshire newspaper several degrees to the right of Chicago Tribune." This pa- per, which blankets the state in its en 4) appraisals after taking soundings of sentiment in their counties. At the: same time; a- majority estimated that President Truman would defeat Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee by possibly three-to- one. New Hampshire voters go to the polls next Tuesday. Taft, Eisenhower, Harold Stassen and. William R. Schneider, St. Louis are running the Republi- can race. And a slate of delegates favorable to Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur has been entered. Two Democrats On the Democratic side, Truman and Kefauver are pitted against each other. Apart from the slates of dele- gates, the voters may mark their ballots in a preferential section of the ballot, known as the "popular- ity contest" This is a direct vote for the candidates themselves. The newspaper of whom have conducted pbBs to de- termine the trends of sentiment- gave the following percentage ap- praisals of popular sentiment among Republicans today: Claremont Eagle-r-Eisenbower by 55-45. Last week, "an edge to Eisenhower" without any percent- age esimate. Concord 50, Taft 45, MacArthur and Stassen combined, 5. Last week, Eisen- hower by 52-48. Dover 55; Taft 40; MacArthur and Stassen combined, 5. Same as last week. Keene by 52-48. Last week. 50-50. L a c o n i a Last week, "inconclusive findings." Election day, Tuesday, coincides with "town meeting" day. There- fore, an unusually heavy "back- country" vote has been predicted, and observers believe this leans toward Taft In the cities, Eisen- Stands Collapse At Ice Show, 275 Fans Hurt By BOB MCHUGH BALTIMORE huge section of ice show bleachers, "not even nailed collapsed like a giant game of jack-straws and injured more than 275 persons last night Thirty-two of them were reported in "serious condition." As 10 hospitals continued treating the bruised and battered victims, tie Sohja Henie show a permit for the temporary stands in Balti- more's Fifth Regiment Though none was required by law, the show had asked for one and had been refused, according to building inspector Paul Cohen. The massive section shuddered and gave way about p. m., five minutes before the show was scheduled to begin. The heavy beams and planks went down with a roar, pinning men, women and children under a mass of heavy splinters. Men tore at the tangled beams to rescue screaming children and crying women. There was no panic among others in the crowd, and the rescue oper- ation carried on by police, firemen and national guardsmen was com- pleted within 30 minutes. Cohen said the show was refused a request for a permit because all stands were not up at the time inspectors called yesterday after- noon. He added that'none would have been issued anyway since the sec- tion which would seat about 700 persons was "of temporary con- struction and not even nailed down." The armory is exempt from the city building code because it is state property, but it is customary for those renting the building to apply for a permit. Mayor Thomas d'Alesandro' or- By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea Commu nist truce negotiators today sough to forestall a possible naval block ade of the Red China coast or an invasion of the mainland. The Reds proposed writing a ban into a Korean armistice. "It seems that what they are trying to do is to stretch the armis tice agreement to any place in the world where forces in Korea have any territory under their con- said Col. Don 0. Darrow He said the Reds held that "any military action would be prohib- ited, not only in Korea, but in any other place." The Communist maneuver came during a discussion of withdraw- ing naval forces from Korean wa- ters during a truce. Harvard-educated Col. Pu Shan proposed deleting specific refer- ence to Korea. Blockade Darrow said the proposal appar- ently was designed primarily to prevent an Allied blockade of the Chinese mainland or an Allied-sup- ported invasion by Chiang Kai- shek's Nationalist forces from For- mosa. There has been unofficial talk that the U. N. command might at- tempt to enforce a Korean truce by threatening to blockade the China coast and bomb Chinese in- dustrial centers if the Reds vio- late the armistice. Darrow intimated the Commu- nist move could have far reach- ing effects on the truce negotia- tions. But he emphasized the Reds might be "just exploring the Congress Cool For Full Fo reign Truman Warns Free World Must Have U.S. Help By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON UP) President Truman forecast today the "ulti- mate decay of the Soviet slave provided free nations build up their military strength. But, he told Congress, the free world cannot rearm adequately without continued American help. Submitting to Congress the first report on the mutual security program, President Tru man made his third plea in 24 hours for the plan's approval. He told Congress, still talking about scaling down the program despite his special mes- sage to Congress yesterday fol- lowed by a direct radio plea to the nation last night: "The ultimate decision between "ree world and slave world lies in the balance. "For the nations of Western Europe, the year 1952 may well be the critical time in the de- fense buildup, bridging per- iod between extreme vulner- ability and effective prepared- ness." Today's report went far'beyond lis message to Congress and the iddress to the nation in supporting arguments for the mutual security program, the official name for the ombined foreign military and economic aid programs. The President outlined the things Jready accomplished in the joint earmament drive touched off by the outbreak of the Korean war as well as itemizing how new funds will be spent, and what can be expected. idea." bower is considered more popular. dered a "full and complete" inves- tigation until "every is un- covered. Director of public works Paul Holland was placed in charge of the probe. Brig. Gen. Harvey S. Ruhl, aide to the adjutant general, said ar- mory rental contracts carry clauses compelling the manage- (Continued en Page 9, Column 1) STANDS "Tomorrow they may have a dif- ferent said. The U. N. staff officer told the Communists they apparently were "not aware of the nature of the conflict in Korea." He said .both sides "are fighting only in Korea" and to avoid pos- sible misinterpretation an armis- tice agreement should "clearly specify these limitations." Darrow said Red negotiators "had practically no arguments to come back on that" Another truce group negotiating prisoner exchange met for almost an hour. It made no headway to- ward ending the stalemate over voluntary repatriation. Communist negotiators did accept a revised version for exchanging interned foreign nationals. Interned Pysan It provides that all foreign civ- ilians be and assist- ed" to return to the otter side after an armistice if they so de- sire. The U. N. command holds only a 23-year-old Russian and her 32- month-old daughter. They are in- terned at Ptisan. The Communists have reported holding 48 foreign civilians. The U. N..command has asked for an accounting of 30 others. Rear Adm. R. E. Libby again asked for data on former South Korean soldiers the U. N. claims were captured 'by the Reds but were not listed on official pris- oner rosters. The Allies have said The President said which he defined as "the ostrich- like disposition to ignore the real- ity of the Soviet has stead- ily declined as confidence in the free .world's defense has grown. He said "not'dne nation .has turn- ed from: the path of co-operation" and that'this-country's Atlantic allies in Europe, including Greece and Turkey, have increased then- armies in the past two years by more than half a 'million men. The quality of the troops, he said, has also increased. The President said the power ef Communism in the Western European countries has declin- ed. It remains a threat in France and Italy, although its power has been "very stantially reduced" in those countries during the past five years. The danger of runaway inflation in Europe has been brought under control, he said. Truman renewed his appeal for continued American support of ef- forts to increase the living stand- ards of underdeveloped peoples in the Near East and Africa as the best means of gaining stability and' Slick Snow on the Berthoud Pass highway west of Denver brought this big 'transport truck to grief as it swerved off the road into drifts up to the cab windows. Jerry Hiatt, University of Denver skier from the nearby winter, sports area on the pass, looks over the abandoned truck. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Naval Air Station Robbed of NAVAL AIR STATION, QUONSET POINT, R. I. ffl-Two masked men carrying short, stubby revolvers held up the Quonset Point Naval Air Station Credit Union today and escaped with in cash. Naval station officers said the bandits fled in a green sedan, racing through the air station gate at 50 miles an hour. Three Marines were on duty at the gate... Government funds were' VOlved. Gerald Lynch' oi Apponaug, R: I., the Credit tJnion manager, and Thomas Smith, civilian guard, were about to carry the funds, in canvas sacks, from their parked cars at the rear of the building when the bandits'drove up. most of the South Koreans .were impressed into the Red armies. The official TJ. N. communique said Libby's request again was dis- missed as "a fabrication which has been thoroughly repudiated." Both the prisoner exchange sub- committee and the staff officers- debating "truce supervision agreed to meet again at U a.m. Satur- day in Fanmunjom. fighting Communism. In the Far East Truman reported a continuing buildup of Chinese Na- tionalist forces on the island of Formosa and a steady flow of United States assistance to war torn Indochina. He also told of arms deliveries in smaller amounts to Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines. The President pictured all of the Far East as -under the shadow of Communism and said Red China is waging physical and psychological warfare against the young nations around its borders. Only American assistance, he (Continued on Page 9, Column 2) TRUMAN Pinay Wants Supporters In Cabinet PARIS Antoine Pinay, new- ly confirmed right wing Premier of France, said today he would form a cabinet only if he-has ministers from the groups that voted for him. These included a variety of po- litical colorings from the left-of-. center Catholic Republicans to 27 bolting right-wingers from Gen. Charles De Gaulle's party, whose defection enabled Pinay to snatch victory from the jaws of defeat. Pinay wants a political truce so that a team of experts can try and free the country from the threat of financial disaster. Pre- mier Edgar Faure's cabinet, France's ISth since the liberation, fell a week ago after Parliament voted funds necessary for defense projects, but refused to vote the taxes to raise the funds. Marines Beat Attacks In East Korea SEOUL, Korea W-U. S. Ma- Administration Supporters Fear Tough Sledding By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON wi President Truman's one-two "Sunday punch" for his foreign aid program left Congress members still talking about scaling it down today, almost as if nothing had happened. Even administration supporters conceded they were in for a tough time. The President led off with word special message to Con- gress yesterday noon declaring every single dollar of the amount he asked for was needed to meet the threat Russian Communism. Then he went on a far-ranging network of radio and television last night to carry his plea direct to the American people. Although the President said "We'd be better off to win the fight against Communism than to win any particular some senators and representatives said privately today that he appeared to be injecting politics into the mat- ter after asking .them to avoid doing so. Congressional Threats Alluding to congressional threat! to slash foreign aid by billions, Truman told bis radio-TV audi- ence: "Now I know this is a very popu- lar point of view; especially in an election as popular as a campaign pledge to reduce taxes." But, he said, the request, not moreythaiOour national. rines beat off five pre-dawn at- Tritnbla County at Bedford, Ky., was destroyed by fire with a loss estimated at The two-story brick struc- ture was built in 1884. Bedford, population 300, has no fire depart- ment Origin of jthe fire was undetermined. Wirephoto.) Medal of Honor To Badger Vet WASHINGTON Secre- tary Frank Pace wfll present the medal of honor March 12 to Jo- seph Sudut, Route 3, Wausau, Wis., whose son, 2nd Lt Jerome A. Sa- dut, 23, was ItiHed in Korea. Also attending the ceremony wfll be the deceased hero's mother and sister. Animals Shot in Hoof-Mouth War REGINA; Sasfc. known herds infected with foot-and-mouth disease in the Regina have been slaughtered, witH the excep- tion of one herd being held for ex- perimental purposes, federal vet- erinary officials' said last night. The one herd, comprising 39 cat- tle, officials said, win be kept un- der close quarantine daring toe ob- servation period and will stroyed "inside one week." In Thursdays kflling at McLean, 28 mfles east of Begsna, 129 cat- tle and five swine were shot, bringing the total number of ani- mals slaughtered, to ;acks on the rugged eastern front in Korea today. None of the attacks was in force. But they were the largest report- ed along the 155-mile front. The Reds began probing posi- tions of the tr. S. First Marine Di- vision about 2 a.m. The skirmishes continued intermittently unto. when the Communists pulled back to the safety of their bunkers. The longest fight lasted about 20 min- utes. Stormy skies put the damper on aerial activity today after highly successful raids on Red supply fa- cilities Thursday. Land and sea based war planes cut Red rail lines Thursday at a near-record 354 points. They also destroyed or damaged eight lo- comotives and more than 70 freight cars. Enemy Posts Blasted Scores of supply vehicles, 11 bridges, gun emplacements, and supply or troop shelters were blast-" ed, Air Force and Naval headquar- ters announced. Planes of the Fifth Air Force tore up North Korean rail lines in 194 places and put four Red loco- motives out of action in addition to wrecking 30 boxcars and other sup- ply vehicles. Capt Charles Wolfe of Cbula Vis- ta, the "loco acre of laid a bomb squarely on a loco- motive south of Pyongyang to boost his total "kffls" to eight Attack bombers from the car- riers Valley Forge and Antietam cut Red rail lines in 160 places (yesterday, destroyed one locomo- I tive, damaged two others and trap- ped another in a tunnel by demol isaiag the entrance. They also took a heavy toff of freight trucks; buildings and other Communist TOp-" ply facilities. Identify The Eighth, Army today identi- fied three U. N. divisions now in the battle line. The Third and Brit- ish Commonwealth Divisions are on lae Western front, facing the Chinese. The Marines are on the' mountainous Eastern front The announcement made no mention of the 40th and 45th National Guard Divisions which recently were Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Ia) told this reporter what the President "really means is they won't spend a dollar more than the Democratic administration requires to stay in 'We fafled to stop Communism in Korea and it's become more clear every day.. that European unity is not enlooper said. "Meanwhile the evi- dence of waste and corruption ia public funds and contracts is (row- Dtmecnti AppUud Two Democrats on the Senate Poreign Relations Committee, Mc- Mahon of Connecticut and Green of Rhode Island, applauded the Truman appeals, but, in separate interviews, agreed they face a stiff fight this year. "We may spend the money to foreign lands but spending it for our own McMahon said. "It's politically unpopular to claim otherwise and, this being an election year, we'll have to fight it out with tiie fun vigor'that m great cause demands." "I think it's a very well thought- out Green said. "I may question some details but I agree with most of the principles." The Senate and House Democrat- ic chairmen who normally pilot foreign aid bills, predicted cuts. Chairman Richards of the House Foreign Affairs Com- mittee, said Congress may gouge out .more than a billion "and I'm dot. saying that it snould not be more than that" Chairman Connally of the Senate Foreign Relations Com-- mittee, was happy Truman asked less than last year, when he quested S'A billion, but added: 'I am confident that even this lower figure can be cut" Ike's Suez Being Studied Fcwr-Manfh-OM Crow registers a look of amazement as he inspects a litter of; fonr kittens born in a bureau drawer to Frosting, a cat owned by, his grandmother, Mrs. Ted Misner, in Long Beach, Calif. Frosting appears startled, too. Wirephoto.) shifted' into the front lines from Japan. It did not say whether any other divisions are in action. In Washington, toe Defense De- partment announced that Ameri- can Forces in Korea nave suffer- ed nonbattle casualties tip to last .Jan. 1. Defense Secre- tary Lovett wid of them have returned to duty. CAIRO, Egypt UB-, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's views on the toe of the4 Suez Canal military, base for Middle- East defense are being. "carefully the indepewK ;ent sewspaper Akher Lahza said today. The views of the commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organ- ization have been submitted Egyptian official quarters, the pa- per said. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST and Vicinity Mostly cloudy, no important change in temperature tonight and Saturday.- low tonight 18, LOCAL WEATHIR Official'obmvttiow lot foe 24 boon endiag 12 a. 4oday: Maximum, 37; 14; noon, 29; pradpiifttfea, mm sets tonight rimr to- morrow at r Additional oa 4.