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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, March 06, 1953

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 6, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Colder Tonight; Light Snow Saturday VOLUME 53, NCV 15 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 6, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Mini of Dead Stalin's Successor Thit Is The House Of Trade Unions in Mos- cow. In its famed Hall of Columns Premier Jo- seph Stalin lies in state. Seven Communist party leaders are making funeral arrangements for the Russian leader. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) New U. S. Policies May Wait Indications of Soviet Trend By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Wl Changes in Soviet leadership following Pre- mier Stalin's death seem certain to slow down the making of basic new TODAY Malenkov May Be orse By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Roman history is probably the Free World's best guide to what must be currently happening in the Kremlin. There was the time, for instance, when the Emperor Tiberius was dying. At the end, his coma simulated the Emperor's ring and accepted congratulations as the new wearer of the purple. Then the terrible old man roused himself and called out. The terrified courtiers scat- tered like hens in a hawk's shad- ow. And the trembling Caligula saved himself and won the empire by helping to strangle Tiberius in his bed. For the reasons implied by this episode, most American diplomats foreign policy decisions promised by the Eisenhower administration By President Eisenhower's own estimate, the situation facing the U. S. government in the future- involving questions like a cold war peace or new outbreaks of hoi so unpredictable that its attitude can only be one of sharp watchfulness. Furthermore, in the opinion oi other high government officials, this uncertainty may continue for many months. Secretary of State Dulles, at the time of his nomination for the No. 1 Cabinet spot in the Eisenhower administration, said he would promptly undertake a review of U. S. policies all over the world." Dulles said that might take a year. He said many policies might be retained but he hoped that new and better ones could be found in most instances. Far East Situation The critical Far Eastern situa- tion growing out of the communi- I zation of China and the Korean and deatn- Indoehinese Wars is clearly one Being deceived, Caligula put on j place where the administration is committed to produce some new approach if at all possible. Dulles spoke at a time when the U. S. had to assume that Russia would continue pretty' much on the same familiar lines indefinitely under the leadership of ac aged but apparently healthy Joseph Stalin. That assumption has now been destroyed. The impact of its destruction on familiar with the Soviet Union as- j American and Allied interests de- sumed that Josef Stalin_ was_ dead j pends primarily, of course, on already, as soon as they heard the announcement of his illness. It is not wise to say that tyrants are dead, or even dying, until it is certain they will not live to re- sent any jumping to premature conclusions. But the question our diplomats found hard to answer was the question "Who's Cali- Two Schools of Thought As to the succession to Stalin, there are two schools of thought, deriving from two different inter- pretations of the recent changes in the structure of the Soviet govern- ment. The first and more dramatic theory emanates from the Moscow Embassy, and is understood to be tentatively accepted by former Ambassador George F. Kennan. If this theory was correct, a mortal struggle for the succession to Sta- lin had already broken out, and was already convulsing Soviet so- ciety, even before his weakened heart failed the Russian dictator. In brief, those who hold this theory think that the Soviet Polit- buro was sharply divided, for a period of several years, over the crucial problem of staffing tne Communist party Secretariat. This body in effect controls all patron- age in the Soviet Union. Stalin himself won power through the Secretariat, by placing his owri raen in key posts. More recently the Secretariat has been the strong- hold of Stalin's grim favorite, Malenkov. The issue before the Politburo, It .is argued, was whether the long- delayed postwar reorganization of the Communist party should con- firm Malenfcov's control of the Sec- retariat. On this issue, it is believ- ed, Molotov and all the other senior members of the Politburo stood firm in opposition. Because of the split in the Politburo, it is further asserted, the official Communist Party Congress was put off from year to year, until only a few months ago. Three Events Three things happened at the Party Congress. The Politburo it- self was dissolved; or rather it was melted into a new and much larg- er body, the Presidium. And be- sides abolishing the Politburo and (Continued on Page 2, Column 5) ALSOPS i what happens in Moscow with respect to (1) the choice of a suc- cessor, and (2) the policies of the new strong man and the extent to which he is able 'to make them effective. Some persons high in the new administration are known to have regarded Stalin as a moderating influence on aggressive Soviet policies. They feel some apprehen- sion that his removal from the scene is likely to make things worse, not better. Soviet experts in the State Deerjury or Communist party mem- jership." 'The termination was based upon his refusal to co-operate with 'ederal authorities and the federal grand jury by declining to give Dr. Morrill said. "The university, of course, did not and could not presume to deprive any citizen of his con titutional rights under the Fifth Amendment. "It was the considered judge ment of university regents, and administration, however, that the ailure to co-operate with federal luthorities in grand jury procedure was incompatible with his obliga- tions as a member of our faculty :nd as an employe of the> state. "That judgement is not affected y the court decision; and the case insofar as the university is con- erned is closed." Dr. Weinberg's terminal appoint- ment at Minnesota was for the chool year 1951-52. The board of egents dropped Weinberg from the acuity in June, 1951 but under the erminal appointment he remained n the payroll another year. He as indicted May 23, 1952. a )eer Too Numerous N.Y. Airport BINGHAMTON, N. Y. U) re so numerous at the Broome ounty Airport that the county has ecided to buy a station wagon to e used, among other things, in chasing them off the runways. sages sent by two officiate of .the United Nations, of which the USSR is a founding member. The General Assembly presi- dent and foreign secretary of Canada, telegraphed Soviet For- eign Minister Andrei Y. Vishin- sky that the world organization had "lost one of its founders and the Soviet peoples the man who was their indomitable leader in the common struggle against Nazi aggression." Trygve Lie, U. secretary general, sent his personal condo- lences without mentioning his U. N. connection. Soviet Premier Josef Stalin is pictured above in one of the rare photos of the Russian ruler's youth. nor has there been any word where Stalia is to be buried. The Hall of Columns is only a few hundred yards from the great mausoleum in Red Square where V. I. Lenin, Stalin's predecessor and the father of Russian Commu- nism, lies embalmed in a glass coffin. The Hall of Columns is in the House of Trade Unions of Red Square. Built in the Empire style under the Czars in 1874, it features 28 white Corinthian style columns. It can accommodate at least persons and often has been used (Continued on Page 15, Column 7) STALIN By DREW PEARSON WASHINGTON is little likelihood of revolution in- side Russia as a result of the crisU over Joseph Stalin, Central Intelli- gence reported to the White and the Pentagon shortly after the aged dictator was taken sick. Allen Dulles, brother of the Sec- retary of State and head of Central Intelligence Agency, deliv- ered the report to President Eis- enhower personally. His associates made a similar report to the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Naturally they made reservations on what would happen inside Russia, but here are the possibilities that might occur following Stalin's death: 1. Continuation of the present sit- uation. 2. An outbreak of war with the West. 3. Internal tensions; possibly revolution. Of these three, CIA concluded ibat the most likely result would 3e a continuation of the status quo. While reporting that there would be flare-ups inside Russia from certain dissident groups CIA expressed the view that they wouldn't get .anywhere. The Iron Curtain was too tight, the intelli- gence chiefs said, for revolting groups to get any aid. Little could be done from the outside to help sow the seeds of revolt. Therefore, Moscow could be able to keep its far-flung area in line. Further- more, part of the dissident ele- ments already have been remov- ed and whole populations trans- planted. All this, however, including the possibility of war with the out- side world, will depend on who steps into Stalin's shoes' Close Observers of the Russian government today were of the opinion that Georgi M. Malen- kov, left, deputy premier of the Soviet Union and a leader in international Communism, stood at the top of the list of possible successors to the dead Stalin. Vyacheslav M. Molotov, center, former Soviet prime minister, and L, P. right, long the chief of Soviet state security secret police, also were reported new Hn'; (AP photoi) ;