Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 5, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Fair Tonight And Friday, Temperature Same Attend Winona's Spring Preview Friday, Saturday VOILUME 53, NO. 14 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 1953 'TWENTY-TWO PAGES Stall n in oma Cl ose to NWA Loses Suit in 2-0-2 Plane Crash CLEVELAND Northwest women and six men ruled in favor Airlines, was denied dam- ages today in its suit against the Glenn L. Martin Co. The action resulted from an air- line crash in Wisconsin near Win- ona, Minn., in which 37 persons died. A Federal Court jury of six TODAY Middle Eastern Dynamite By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP it is just as well that the perpetual crisis in Iran entered one of its incan- descent stages at this time.. This week, Secretary of State John Fos- ter Dulles and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden can talk the problem over face to face, directly, frankly and without the obstacles created by cable com- munications. Under the whiplash of necessity, they may even agree, at long last, on a positive, com- mon policy in the Middle East. The need is certainly dire. The drama at Tehran is only one part of a broad and terrifying pattern, in which the other parts are also close to incandescence. In recent weeks, the American Ambassadors throughout the Mid- dle East, and especially in the Arab countries, have begun to take a tone of downright despair in their messages to the State De- partment. The Arab-Israeli dis- pute has dragged on too long. Anti-American feeling has grown more and more inflamed. The new anti-Semitism of the Kremlin has greatly increased the inflamation. Grave Dangers There are grave immediate dangers. For instance, if the Kremlin chooses to send arms to Col. Shishekly, the dictator of Sy- ria, the sequel may easily be an- other outbreak of large-scale fighting between Arabs and Is- raelis. (The border, war goes on interminably, like a low fever.) Or the Soviets can arm the Iraqi dissidents. Or there can be some sort of irreparable breakdown or governmental crisis. This would happen even in Egypt, which is the only place where the trend of of the Baltimore aircraft factory after 8% days of deliberation. The trial was the second longest in the history of Federal Court here. It began last Nov. 6, but only 48 days were consumed in court. Northwest claimed faulty con- struction of a wing which sheared off one of its airliners, causing it to crash Aug. 29, 1948. The airline company also said 14 other planes which it purchased from the Martin firm had similar weaknesses. Attorneys for Martin argued that pilot Robert Johnson flew into a violent storm, instead of around it, as required by the airlines' own rules. Northwest attorneys said the verdict would be appealed. Some 33 wrongful death against Martin and Northwest have been held up pending the outcome of the suit. They total Ike's Attitude On Stalin One Of Watchfulness Despotism .Decree Up to Congress, President Declares Van Fleet Favors Allied Offensive By DON WHITEHEAD By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON on President suits Eisenhower declared today it is entirely up to Congress now to work out the wording on a resolu- tion condemning Russia for enslav- ing free peoples. Eisenhower told a news confer- ence there is no rift between himself and Senate Republican Leader Taft of Ohio over changes made in the resolution the Presi- dent submitted to Congress. Taft backed his change, an amendment saying that approval of the resolution condemning Soviet enslavement of peoples did not mean Congress was taking any WASHINGTON WV-Gen. James A. Van Fleet appeared today to on the validity World >r a smashing Allied whir-h wmiiH Hrivo I War II agreements made with favor a smashing Allied offensive which would drive the Communists far back into North Korea and permit South Korean troops to take over a shortened battle line. This pattern began to emerge from his testimony to congression- al committees eagerly seeking his i The retiring former Eighth Army who testified before two House groups yesterday was called for another discussion of Korea fighting today before the events is at all hopeful. 'In this somber pioture, Iran has a double importance. One of the causes of the troubles that over- took the aging Premier Mossa- degh over the weekend, is .a divi- sion of power over the army and police. The Shah of Iran formerly controlled both police and army. Mossadegh has been seeking to wrest this control from him. The process is only half completed With the forces of law and order thus distracted and divided, there is an obvious opportunity for the Communist Tudeh Party. The gov- ernment of Iran is now such a ramshackled structure that it may fall apart at any time. Invited Trouble Premier Mossadegh actually in- vited trouble, by beginning to be- have like a dictator before he had consolidated his power. Behind the new riots are the riots that blew up some time ago, out of the rivalry between Mossadegh and his former ally, the Mullah Ka- shani. The aged Kashani, who leads the Tehran street mobs and runs the Fedayan Islam, a "Mur- der sought to prevent Mos- sadegh from being granted full powers by the Iranian Parliament. Kashani's challenge failed. Mossa- degh threatened to send the Mul- lah abroad "to study theology." The religious potentate subsided for the time being. Then Mossadegh moved in on (Continued on Page 5, Column 4) ALSOPS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Friday. No im- portant temperature change. Low tonight 10, high Friday 26. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maxi- mum, 29; minimum, 9; noon, 19; precipitation, none; sun sets night at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 25 at p.m. Wed- nesday, min. 10 at a.m. to- day. Noon scattered clouds at feet, wind 16 miles per hour from north northwest, visibility IS miles, barometer 30.03 steady, humidity 80 per cent. Jury Acquits Weinberg of Perjury Charge WASHINGTON Dr. Joseph W. Weinberg was acquitted today of a charge of perjury. He was accused of lying when he denied to a congressional committee that he had been a member of the Communist party. U. S, District Judge Alexander Holtzoff told the jury he did not agree with the verdict. The jury deliberated more than seven hours. It received the case Wednesday and was in ses- sion until after midnight without reaching an agreement. Then it brought in a verdict within about IS minutes after reporting back for duty at 9 a. m. Weinberg, the Commit- open to Public Sen. Saltonstall com- mittee chairman, announced the first part of Van Fleet's testimony would be open, to the public and the latter part would be heard in secret. This was the same proce- dure used by the House Armed Services Committee yesterday Van Fleet told this House group he believed victory could be won in Korea without necessarily spreading the war. He asserted the fighting will end only with a mili- tary decision. After a later secret meeting with the House Foreign Affairs Com- mittee, Chairman Cbiperfield (R- 111) reported Van Fleet had said American troops could be pulled out of Korea in numbers only af- ter a military victory placed the Army on a shortened defense line uurtal11 which could be held by the South Koreans with .American support. Achieving a shorter defense line in Korea would mean driving to the narrow waist of the peninsula, north of the North Korean capital city of Pyongyang. Such a line would be almost half the width of the present line, which closely fol- lows the 38th Parallel. Chiperfield described Van Fleet as being "emphatic in stating that the war in Korea must end in a congressional investigation of atomic spying, stood tensely as the jury filed in. When the foreman, Eugene W. Hopson, a government worker, re- ported the verdict "not the, pale, thin bespectacled scien- tist smiled happily. His wife Merle, nothing short of oj short of that would be peace Qrient the unification of all, or almost all, of Dairy Hearings Start March 17 who was amo'ng" the spectators! 1 WASHINGTON On A House broke into a big, happy smile. Dairy Investigating Committee will Weinberg then was discharged start hearings March 17 on the from the bond under which he has i need for import controls on dairy remained at liberty since his in- 1 products. dictment on charges of lying before Chairman Andresen (R-Minn) of the House Un-American Activities 'he Agriculture Committee's spe agreements Russia by Democratic administra- tions. Row Stirred Up The amendment has stirred up a row in Congress. Democrats are fighting it, shattering administra- tion hopes' for unanimity behind the cold war move the resolution represents. At his news conference Eisen- hower also: 1. Said his administration has neither misgivings nor optimism about Russian intentions in the light of Prime Minister grave illness. He described the administration's attitude as one of very definite watchfulness. The President said that as of this moment he would be willin to go half way to Russia for meeting with whoever succeed Stalin. He added that the condition would' be the same as those h imposed last week in expressin willingness to confer with Stalin 2. Blasted the current wave o anti-Semitism behind the Iro as deplorable and heart he said, t a man who has seen, as he has the results of Nazi efforts to ex terminate Jews. 3. Reaffirmed bis stand in favor President Eisenhower smiled, walking past re- porters, center, as he arrived for his news con- ference today in the Old State Dept. Auditorium. Following him is James Hagerty, press secre- tary. Seated at the desk is a secretary on the President's staff, Jack Romagna. One camera- man, upper left, stood on a chair to get his view of the entrance. The woman reporter is Mary Craig, Washington correspondent for Maine newspapers. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Committee May 25, 1949. cial investigating group said hear- ings would be arranged later on other phases of the dairy situation. Dr. Joseph Weinberg leaves U. S. District Court in Washington with his wife today, happy after be was acquitted on a charge of perjury. The "Scientist X" of a congressional investigation of atomic spying, Weinberg was accused of lying when he denied to congressional committee members that he had been a Com- munist. Dr. Weinberg is a former professor of the University of Minnesota. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) cf the states having full ownership of offshore lands within thei historic borders. He said, however the federal government must re tain certain rights in those waters in such matters as national de fense and the prevention of smug gling. Reorganization Plan 4. Said he expects his first re organization plan, making the Federal Security Administration a full-fledged department headed by a cabinet member, will be ready for submission to Congress next week. 5, Expressed opposition to ex- tending the draft from the pres- ent 24 months to 30 or 36 months as suggested by Gen. James A, Van Fleet. This third news conference Ei- senhower has held as President drew an overflow crowd of report- ers to the conference room, seating a little over 200. The President launched it with volunteered statements about Sta- lin and Russia but most of the time was given over to questions and answers from the newsmen. First off, Eisenhower said he could not predict what effect Stalin's removal from power would have on East-West tensions. He said he was discussing the question with his closest advisers but that all the discussions ended up largely where they started. The President went on to say this country must cling to the determination that progress must be made toward achieving peace. A reporter asked whether Eisen- hower thought the impending change in Russia's leadership would worsen or improve the Soviet anti-Semitic campaign. Eisenhower said it was a matter of hoping for the best. He said he deplored the Russian moves against Jews. Then he added that he questioned whether it was wise to say any- thing, that a statement by a man in his position might make things worse. Apart from his rejection of a longer draft term, Eisenhower bad almost nothing to say about Wed- nesday's testimony by Gen. Van Fleet at the Capitol. Van Fleet said among other Division, Uncertainty Seen Among New Soviet Rulers Mikhail Federov, chief of Tass'. Washington Bureau, re- layed President Eisenhower's expression of sympathy to the Russian people following re- ports that Premier Stalin was ill. things that in his view the only way to end the Korean conflict was by a military victory. Asked directly for comment, Eisenhower said that Van Fleet had expressed similar views in the past and that there was nothing particularly new in. his testimony. Eisenhower described, the Capi-, tol Hill furore over the anti-en- slavement resolution as a technical difference over how best to ex- press certain sentiments everyone appears to share. that Stalin Dead 36 lours, Canadian Surgeon Thinks MONTREAL UP) A lead g Canadian neurosurgeon ho asked not to be identified, saic Jday if description.! of the brain hemorrhage suffered Sunday night by Stalin are correct, thej73-year old Soviet dictator has been dead at least 36 hours. "Paralysis of the right side of the body, inability to talk, uncon- sciousness and an irregular breath- ing description of Sta- lin's condition after he suffered the to give an ac- curate picture of a severe hem- orrhage of the he said in an interview tonight. "No one in the condition described has more than a day, or two at the most, to live." The specialist said irregularity of breathing rhythm in a patient who has suffered a brain hem- orrhage is usually a prelude to death. "However, if Stalin's condition las been incorrectly reported and [iis afflictions are not as serious as we have been told, there is a very good chance he may live in- he added. The doctor said a stroke is cansed when a blood vessel breaks and blood is allowed to flow into he brain. The hemorrhage must be stopped, immediately 'if the >atient is "to survive, but surgery o try to atop it generally fails. Leader Can't Seize Power Until Stalin Is Dead (Editor's note: William L. Ryan, AP's Russian-speaking specialist on of Com- munism, has long been a close student of what will happen in the Soviet Union when Stalin dies. Now observing Commu- nist operations in Europe, Asia and Afrcia, he cables these views from. Paris on the Soviet dictator's illness and what it presages.) By WILLIAM" L. RYAN AP Foreign News Analyst PARIS seems to be playing it straight with the story of Stalin's illness, and this in it- self indicates there is division and uncertainty among the rulers of the Soviet Union. If there were perfect concor among the powers of the Kremli is, if there were someon at the top whose authority was un seems unlikely tha Stalin's illness, apparently his fina one, would have been announced s quickly. The stroke was sudden. India Ambassador K. P. S. Menon the Soviet leader only a few day ago and reported him in apparen good health. Soviet authorities held up th announcement of his illness only two days. For most. Soviet lead ers, such a grave illness is usually announced in the obituary. Shock to Public Maybe the would-be heirs were unable to hold the news up long and feed such a profound shock to the Soviet public in. small doses While one faction may be pre-em inent at the present time, the chances are it is far from secure in its pre-eminence. As at the time of Lenin's death, there is every chance for a strug- ;Ie for Stalin's mantle, even though has appeared to have chosen Deputy Premier Georgi M. Malen- :ov as his successor. But the man who succeeds 'Stalin will need a mighty buildup. Stalin was all-powerful in a way .enin never was. Those under Sta- in have been virtually robots. Un ler Lenin there were many who were Bukharin, Ka- menev, Zinoviev and Stalin him- self, to name a few. In a struggle for power, it would >e dangerous for the Soviet Un- on if Stalin lingered on, only just live. This would permit the ru- mor mills to get in motion as they o quickly in totalitarian coun- tries. It would generate a feeling f insecurity among the people and, bove all, among members of the lommunist and low- In a country like Russia, such feeling could lead to an explo- ion. If Stalin hovered between- life nd death, there would be suspi- ion, gossip and quarreling in ad- ance of the succession, instead of sudden stroke which could pre- art the country with an accom- lished new leader Churchill Asks Approval of Budget LONDON W) Prime Minister Churchill today asked the House of Commons to approve a record peacetime defense budget of over 4Vi -billion dollars. This is an increase of more than 12V4 per cent over the 1952-53 figure. The British expect the U. S. to cover about one tenth of the total. The budget calls for spending of pounds for the year ending March, 1954. 4 Rapid City Men Killed in Plane Crash RAPID CITY, S. D. W Four Rapid City men were killed when their light plane crashed into the snow-covered rugged range coun- ty northwest of Haydraw, S. D. on a flight from Bismarck, N. D., to Rapid City Wednesday. Dead are the pilot, Clint Cash' man, about 30; 58, Marty Levine, 42, and Ed Roach Sr., 55. The latter three are en- gineers for the Northwestern Eng- gineering Company and had flown to Bismarck to survey a proposed No Chance Seen For Recovery by Top Medical Men Red Paper Calls For Unity of Soviet People During Crisis By EDDY GlLMORE THOMAS P. WHITNEY MOSCOW UP) Joseph Stalin's heart is faltering, the latest bulletin from his physicians discloses, and the announcement of his death may be only a matter of hours away.. A medical bulletin tonight for the first time mentions a failure of the prime minister's heart! Previous reports had centered around a brain hemorrhage (stroke) and disturbances in breathing and blood circulation. Tonight's third from the 10 doctors since a stroke felled Stalin in the Kremlin Sunday night that his condition lad deteriorated today. It called lis status "exceedingly It was perhaps noteworthy that bis third bulletin was issued only 2 hours after bulletin No. 2. A ull 24 hours passed between the first and second bulletin. .7 This third bulletin was issued at p.m. and reported condition up to 4 p.m. (Jl a.m., It described signs of heart ailure. The bulletin read: "The treatment is at present fii reeled mainly toward combating the irregularities in breathing and blood circulation, in particular of the coronary one." (This would mean the circulation of blood through the heart. A leading medi- cal authority said the bulletin meant Stalin icon would be dead, if he was not already so, and said it wag in effect a description of fatal heart The physicians bulletin described Stalin's blood pressure as having decreased as he grew increasingly pale. Heart Action Bid The bulletin issued at 2 a.m. (8 p.m., EST, disclosed Not Halfway Now BELGRADE, Yugoslavia MV- The Yugoslav newspaper Po- litika today carried a three- column cartoon picturing the ghostly spirit of Stalin rising from the Kremlin. In the fore- ground; a caricatured Pres- ident Eisenhower, beating a fast retreat, was crying over his shoulder: "I am taking my offer back. I don't want to meet you halfi'." way." construction project. The Beechcraft Bonanza took off from the Bismarck airport at p. m. on the return flight. An alert was sounded early today and the Civil Air Patrol instituted a search. Rapid City pilot Bill Hackett recognized the demolished craft about 8 a.m. about six miles northwest of the Meade County community. Clyde Young, Rapid City, took off in a ski-equipped plane and anded at the site where he deter- mined the four men were dead. Snowplows are working, through he desolate range to clear a path to the site. H Colder Air Spreads Over Central Region By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Light snow fell along the North- rn tier of states and there were few rainy spots but fair to partly the brain hemorrhage that struck down the 73-year-old leader of world Communism Sunday night affected the trunk section of the brain, in addition to the left sisc- tor where the bleeding occurredV His heart action, blood circu- lation and .breathing continued "gravely it added. (In New York, competent medi- cal sources said on the basis of the report on Sta- lin's condition since the initial an- nouncement Wednesday of the ill- the Russian chief "lit- tle or no chance of recovery." A loudy weather prevailed over most of "the nation today. Colder air spread over North .entral regions and extended south- astward in the southeastern states, emperatures were below zero in arts of North Dakota and Minne- ota early today, with a low of -4 International Falls, Minn. Snow flurries bit the XJreat Lakes egicra and ,the Upper Mississippi alley while light snow fell in the festern Dakota and the Middle and Upper Ohio Valley. leading Canadian neurosurgeon said in Montreal that if the medi- cal report was correct, the Soviet leader would now be dead.) Grivt Condition r: "Towards the end of March the bulletin declared, "the state of health of Joseph V. Stalin continues grave. The patient is iu a state of deep unconsciousness, nervous regulation of breathing as cardiac activity continue to re- main greatly impaired." As this latest report on the con- dition .of their leader was an- nounced to the saddened Russian people, the Communist party laper Pravda, in a front-page edf. xirial, called for "unity of the pat- y and the people" in these dif- ficult days. The government's Council of Min- isters (Cabinet) and the Commu- nist party's Central Committee '-Al- ready had announced they "guiding" the party and the coun- try, but there has been no tion here as to how government or party leadership would be fected by Stalin's incapacity. Although unquestionably tenM and nervous, Moscow's citizWB went about their normal the morning broke with snow fall- ing from grey, heavy-laden skies and a biting wind whipping ouv.fif the northeast. (V Factories, stores and offices >eri open' as usual. There were no crowds in the open area under the frowning Kremlin battlements.