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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 5, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COLDER TONIGHT AND SUNDAY SUPPORT YOUR Y.M.CA. VOLUME 49, NO. 15 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 5, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWELVE PAGES Hopes to Regain Sight Bluff Siding Man Going to New York For Rare Operation Flood PerilSpots Watched Two Arrested as Russian Spies State Bonus Deadlocked On Financing St. What kind of a soldiers' bonus is the legislature go- ing to pass? That's the most common ques- tion asked around state capltol cor- ridors and in legislative chambers. Everybody seems to agree that a bonus will bf' voted, but the pro- blem of financing the expected to aggregate between and stump- Department Of Justice Worker Held Accused of Taking Information From Confidential Papers Washington A Russian member 'of the United Nations staff and a woman employe of the Department of Justice were ar- rested in New York last night American ed everyone so far. A sales tax two per j charged with stealing cent or three per cent on every! secrets, article except food and medical sup-1 Attorney General Tom Clark, expected to be introduced announcing the arrest today, iden- soon by Representative Floyd Flom of Glenwood to defray the cost. And many top-notch leaders in the leg- islature stand ready to support it. if Governor Youngdahl vetoes a bonus bill with a sales tax attached as a rider? The governor has repeatedly said he doesn't like the sales tax idea and the odds are titled them as: Judith Coplon, 27, formerly of Brooklyn, N, Y., a Justice depart- ment employe since 1943. Her exact job was not given but of- ficials said it was a minor one. Valentine A. Gubitchev, 32. The Justice department's an- nouncement __________ conflicted with re- strong he would not sign such from -Q. N. officlais on measure. Gubitchev's exact status. The an- Then what happens? It's almost aunouncerlent here called him "a Republican-Herald photo Auto Mechanic Stanley F. Wieczorek at work: He'd like to gee again. Stanley F. Wiecrorek To Try for certainty that the house couldn't produce a two-thirds majority to override a veto in the light of the minority bloc's opposition to a sales tax. There are 44 members in the minority group, and that's enough I to stop a two-thirds vote. So, the legislature would have to j start all over to figure out financing, j That's where the fears arts expressed iby some lawmakers and heads of I ranSplantingiveterans' organizations. They are afraid the whole problem will be "tossed back" at the voters to decide, By Adolph Bremer A 46-year-old Bluff Siding. Wis., automobile mechanic will take a long trip next week, a trip that could mean an end to nearly 12 years of total blindness. Getting that chance to see again it's nothing more than that be Stanley F. Wieczorek, whose eyesight was lost in an In- stant July 13, 1937, when a broken compressor for a refrigerating unit sent sulphur dioxide gas into his eyes. If a New York eye surgeon finds that Wieczorek is a candidate for by. referendum, -whether they want veterans of World War n paid a bonus through a sales tax. Meanwhile, spirited debate and member of the Russian delega- tion" to the U. N. and third secre- tary of the U.S.S.R. secretariat there, assigned to the Manhattan office of the U. N. United Nations sources agreed that he is a Rus- sian national but described him as an employe of the U. N. secre- tariat itself. Arrests Made by F.B.I. In either case a question of im- munity for arrest might arise. While the United States has not passed an Immunity law to prote.ct the staffTa-gainst diplomats generally are protected, It has authorized a U. N. head- ll as an international zone, have been outcries In The Alsops Red Stooge In Prague Now in Jai By Stewart AIsop Washington According to in- telligence reports considered entirely reliable, a. short man, with a sharp face and shifty eyes, is now in Jail In Prague. He is awaiting trial be- fore a people's court for treasonable I the comparatively rare corneal acts against the state. His name is] transplant operation, he may see The minority insists that many in her purse a flat-package con- Fierlineer and since again. That would be a big gain: (Minnesota boys were in service after! taining typewritten summaries of rieulUger, ____ _...v. -Jt-Vot rfota TTTOC. infnT-mi.Hr.7i ohct-rlMort fi-ntn fmi- strong feeling kept members of ln house veterans and military affairs j committee far apart on the amount! of payments and the eligibility I Congress against the possibility of dates. Representative E. J. Wind-1 subversives getting into this coun- miller of Fergus Falls is chairman. through, the U. N. gate. A seven-man subcommittee was! The arrests were made by Fed- split four favoring Bureau of Investigation a month "across the board" and! agents who had followed Miss Cop- three now wanting a to New York yesterday after- with "cutoff" dates for payment also noon. She had been under sus- a stumbling, block. The majority picion for some time, the Justice wants to halt payments to veterans department said. j in service after September 2, 1945. When arrested, Miss Coplon had! Root River Up Six Feet In 24 Hours Whitewater Foot Over Flood Stage at Beaver Forty-eight hours of continuous above-freezing weather has moved the ice out of the Mississippi riv- er at Winona and sent numerous tributaries to the near-flood or flood stage, but serious floods are not expected, according to the La Crosse station of the Weather bureau. A. D. Sanial, federal forecaster, that today's rapid rises are caused by ice jams, rather than excessive run-off water. He said that the Zumbro river went up to its banks at its mouth at Kellogg yesterday, but that the level is now falling, The Root river, as recorded at Houston, rose six and a half feet in the 24-hour period ending this morning, and he believed that it might be at flood stage "temporar- ily" sometime this afternoon, Near Flood Stage At 7 a. m. today the still covered by ice stood at 13.9 feet. Flood stage Is 15 feet. Sanial said the ice might go out today. The Whitewater river stood at eight feet at Beaver, one foot above flood level, and portions of high- way 74 between Weaver and St. Charles were impassable, Meanwhile, the stretch of above- freezing weather was scheduled to end tonight. The forecast -is for a low of 26 tonight, with continued cloudy skies. However, tomorrow the melting will begin again. The pre- dicted high for Sunday Is 35 or 38. Mississippi to Rise The Mississippi itself at Winona, after the ice cleared from the chan- nel overnight, was predicted to rise another foot by Sunday morning. From 7 to 11 a. m. today the was four-tenths of a foot. Mr. Sanial said that the river is clear of ice from St. Paul to Red Wing, and that portions of the river south of Lake Pepin are clear but that the Ice In Lake Pepln Itsell By Eddy Gilmore stiu 22 Inches thick Y. Vishinsky replaced Vyacheslav M. Molotov as Ice stiu foreign minister today in a momentous shift of helmsmen in interns- i Ice to pools Nos 7 and 10 tlonal relations. still noldmg. Russia's second most important official in dealings with the ice jg syjj Republican-Berald photo by AI Olson Whirling cakes of ice, limbs broken from trees and other debris along with precious top soil as Garvin brook overfloods its banks. The above picture shows the muddy torrent near the entrance to Farmers Community park in Stockton valley. Melting snow from the ridge areas has turned the brook into a virtual river on rampage, as whirlpools and cascading waterfalls add their roar to signs of approaching spring. Vishinsky Replaces Molotov As Russian Foreign Minister Vishinsky Once Top Russian Prosecutor side world, Foreign Trade Minister A. I. Mikoyan, also was replaced and no appreciable rise by his deputy, M. A. Menshikov. after 23 years at the job. Until today noted there However, the Buf- the coup of February, 1948, he has that date because there was no transportation overseas to get them The story of how he" got this home and is willing to compromise chance is about a woman who sees I on March 31, 1946, as the final date. i Right now he can see as much as j you can when you close your eyes. been the socialist vice-premier of Czechoslovakia. The arrest of Dr, Fierlinger little- about hundreds of men Xr i. and women who see very well and real political significance. Yet its about a blind man wno hlm.j purely human aspects give Ida pecu-self from the despondency over liar fascination. FJerlinger's fate blindness when he learned that he is like the climax of a rather do stuff without seeing." play part Eugene O'Neill, withl Many Offer Eyes Just a trace of Greek tragedy and a I This is a story about a heavy strain of. say, "The Aida de Acosta Breckinridgei Foxes." For Dr. Fierlinger has deals in human eyes, and Czechoslovakia's leading little fox. i about Wieczorek who needs new ones, but in the story, too, are a' ms RECENT HISTORY is reveal-narge number of 60! ing. He was Czech ambassador have agreed to give- Moscow before the war, and at the! their eyes when they die to Mrs.I insistence of the obscene Joachim j Breckinridge so that others may von Ribbentrop, he was expelled atisee. the time of the Nazi-Soviet pact. Next Wednesday morning Wiec- 13 More Sentenced In Hungary Budapest, Hungary Thir- teen persons charged with black market money dealings in connec- Nothing daunted, he returned as zorck will step into the office with the Josef Cardinal Mind- information abstracted from con- fidential documents involving se- curity data and restricted infor- mation. Both Both Being Held are being held in By The Associated Press Russia's new foreign minister Vishinsky is New York. Since Gubitchev is a mem- ber of the United Nations secre- tariat, the matter is being dis- cussed with State department officials and officials of the secre- tariat. Suspicion was first aroused dur- ing a federal employe loyalty check, Clark said. An extensive investigation followed. The FJ3.I.. tinder the direction of J. Edgar Hoover, found out that clandestine meetings were being held by Miss Coplon and Gu- bitchev. Yesterday when Miss left for New York at 1 Andrei Y. Vishinsky is a free- swinging orator who packed in capacity crowds whenever he spoke before the United Nations. He always speaks in a loud voice. Shouting Is his normal form of delivery. As he warms up, his arms whip the air and his voice grows even louder. Vishinsky turned in what might be considered his top speaking performance in his speech at the 1947 U. N. assembly! In New York. His speech ran Vishinsky also had been Molotov's deputy. These dramatic most important in the Soviet Union since Molotov took over the foreign ministry a decade ago from Maxim announced by the presidium of the supreme Soviet in a brief statement which left unanswered a host of ques- tions. There was no hint as to what new Jobs Molotov and Mikoyan might be taking. It said nothing about their being relieved of their duties as deptuy chairmen of the the emissary of the Czech govern-jthe Eye-Bank for Sight Restora-iszenty case were-sentenced today (E.S.T.) she was trailed by F.B.I, land others. words and took one hour and 33 I minutes. He put the label of "war- Coplonlmonger" on John Foster Dulles, p. m. S. representative to the U. N., ment-in-exile. During the war hejtion, Inc., at 210 East 64th streetito one to eight year prison terms, decided, apparently, on New York city. There a sur-l Three of the 13 were Roman his bread was buttered. Igeon proficient in the corneal graft'Catholic priests. One of these was In 1944. the Czech military will examine the longjMonsignor Imre Boka, who served sion in Moscow warned the aging'medical record that Wieczorek cardinal as treasurer. He was President Benes that Fierlinger was'accumulated in 12 years of to four years in prison ness and those clouded eyes that and loss of political rights for an- other five years. He was also fined do not see. selling out to the Kremlin. Benes ordered him to London. with the backing of the Kremlin, If the burn from that sulphur flonents (S83) was already strong enough to gas isn't too deep, Dr- Gabor Horvath, former secre- Benes. replying that he was ill, and j there's 'a chance to replace that to JDukejPaul Esterhazy, drew "too busy" to leave Moscow. jclouded cornea with a clear The first postwar Czech govern-j Wieczorek may see again. longest years. He took all the blame in the cur- ment was union at formed in the Soviet! Our corneas are tiny pieces ofjrency speculations charge of which a conference between Czech communists and non-commu- nists. Fierlinger ostensibly repre- tissue, no bigger or thicker employer was accused, saying he dimes, which curve in front of thejwould rather face death than be irises and pupils of our eyes. Noth- sented the socialists. His hand ing else under the sun possesses disloyal. Esterhazy, once the richest man in Hungary, was sentenced to 15 strengthened by the Kremlin's back-i their characteristics or can fulfill Ing, he was able to browbeat function, noncommunists into yielding keyj Normally Transparent ttetbetsirrningCtorf "thTend and with spying and treason. years on February 8, when the card- inal received- a life term on convic- agents. At Meeting Place She and Gubitchev arrived at what appeared to be their ap- pointed meeting place, 193rd street and Broadway, at p. m. For almost two hours they "avoided direct contact, while they employed the numerous tech- niques used to. detect" spotters, the F.B.I, said. They finally "effected a contact when both dashed aboard a bus near 42nd street" the report con- tinued. The arrest was made on Third avenue between 14th and loth street. Every now and then Vishinsky gets off a vivid phrase. In one blast against the United States he charged the U. S. with preparing "a Pearl Harbor" for Russia. He once attacked a U. N. com- mittee report on the Balkans as a "pile of garbage." He said U. N. Balkan investigators were "amateur Sherlock Holmses." A Cuban of Italian descent once challenged Vishinsky to a duel for defining the Italian soldier as a better runner than a fighter. In an attack on the U. S. atomic energy policy Vishinsky shouted that the U. N, must "ban that hell Just what type of information the bomb." Once, with sarcasm, she had with her at the time referred to "that little bomb." her arrest was not disclosed, other j When Dulles charged at Paris coup" than that it was from confidential that the- communists were trying freedom. TET FIERLINGER still had Im- portant services to render his So- viet masters. With Russian support, through them. But if they are op- que or clouded like Wieczorefc's, the light is stopped. In some cases the clouded cor- nea can be restored by cutting it Those sentenced today were des- cribed by the communist-run gov- ernment as minor actors in an al- leged political conspiracy. They in- cluded several bankers and brokers. Legion's Congress he became head of the Socialist 'away and replacing it with a piece party, and prime minister. As clear, healthy cornea. mier, he turned over Czech Car-! xhat cornea must be secured pathia and Czech uranium mines another person, and in the Russians. He was replaced asjinstances from a person who has! 'Vldjumy premier by the communist Gottwald died, and the transplant must in 1946. but he remained obedient, made within 72 hours after death. L. After the pitiful Czech attempt toj That's where Mrs. Breckinridge's participate in the Marshall plan eye-bank comes into the story. was stepped on by the Kremlin, Although the corneal graft oper- further proofs of Fierlinger's sub- ation had been performed before servience were demanded. I the founding of the the eye-bank The American "majority" in Con- a troublesome one, Word was passed from 1945. it was performed infreq- uently becaues only about 15 surg- eons were proficient in it, and more significantly because of the that Fierlinger's socialists must merge with the communists. Fier- Itiiger promptly issued a proclama- tion of solidarity between the in making the transplant ciallsts and their communist com- j within the prescribed 72-hour per- rades. too much for Pre-jiod. The eye-bank was begun to sident Benes. who told Fierlinger overcome those obstacles. j in a painful interview that he could For instance, in the four months I not be regarded as a loyal Winona friends of Wieczorek! Legion Legislative Director John Thomas Taylor said today. Taylor told the Legion rehabilita- tion commission of the 435 Representatives and 48 of the 96 Senators are Legion "Plus two Spanish-American war veterans who-in effect make it 50 in the Senate." But, he added sadly: "Some of these men are not as in the (Continued and Pase 9, Column 7.) ALSOPS (Continued on Page 3, Column 5.) "We have the greatest difficulty BLUFF SIDING some of them." documents involving security data! to encircle the world Vishinsky Loots for Action Washington Wiscon- sin's Representative Lawrence Smith a member of the House foreign affairs com- mittee, said last night he was "looking for some drastic move" by Russia. "I think if anything it will be a military he told a reporter in commenting on the replace- ment of Molotov. "I wouldn't be surprised to see the Rus- sians go into Helsinki, and Norway also. "I have an idea the Russians may be playing it wide and fast and calling our hand in Europe because of the Atlantic pact, the Marshall .plan and the Norwegian and Danish maneuvers toward the side of the western Smith said. Andrei Y. Vishinsky State Air Crashes Kill Pilot, Injure 5 By The Associated Press A pilot was killed and five other persons injured, three of them council of ministers. On the ta a trlo of and restricted information. The charges against the two, filed in New York, were of con- spiracy to commit an offense against the United States pertain- ing to the removal of government records and defrauding the U. S. of the faithful and impartial serv- ices of Miss Coplon. Cora Bangsberg Dead in Madison La Crosse, Wis. Mrs. Ed- ward Rominske, 63, Butternut, Wis., former telegraph editor of the La Crosse Tribune, died at a Madison hospital last night. The former Cora Bangsberg start- cried "bosh" and "fairy tales." traryt It used those titles in refer-) ring to them. There was no hint as to What significance the changes might por- tend. (Diplomats in Lake Success, Lon- don, Washington and other world capitals were dumbfounded by the unheralded change. They speculat- ted that it might, be preparatory to Molotov's succeeding Prime Vishinsky is a table Josef Stalin, or that it when the going gets rough, and even sitting down he bounces up and down in his chair, waving his arms, during an argument. He never forgets he once was Russia's top prosecutor. He first gained world notice as prosecutor' in the Moscow purge trials of 1936 and 1937. Vishinsky is a slightly built man with gray hair and a red face. He walks with a nervous, quick step. He is genial off the U. N. floor. He did some surprising things at the U. N. He once held a news conference for two and a half hours with more than 500 present. He turned up at St. Patrick's Roman Catholic church in New York city for a solemn mass in- meant that Molotov had been given accidents involving airplanes yes- terday. Donald A. Bliss, 26, of Bottineau, N. D., was found dead in the wreckage of his small ship, two days after a farmer near Ferham reported he thought he heard an airplane fall. The mishap occurred Wednesday morning in a heavy fog and Otter Tail county officers ed her career with the Tribune to invoke divine guidance proof reader in 1914. At one on the U. N. deliberations. the boot in order to executive a I first discounted the report of time she was society editor and for 12 years telegraph editor. She is survived by her husband. far-reaching change in Soviet pol- icy in the cold war with the west. Others, recalling that Vishinsky has been the most scathing de- nouncer of the United States and the west in United Nations spee- the more tive instrument of the same pol- icy.) Queen Mother Nazli Leaving Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minn. Queen Mother Nazli of Egypt, who has been a patient at the Mayo Clinic, is to leave Rochester within a few days. Henry Flatau, the farmer who lives two miles north of Perham. Three persons sitting in an auto watching planes at Wold-Chamber- lain field in Minneapolis were in- a shot the port and crashed into the seriously hurt was Mrs. car. Most E. A. La Palme, 58. Her husband and Mrs. A. E. Frick, 62, were hospitalized with lesser injuries. One of the transport's propellers sheared the steel top from the auto in which the three sat. Near Henning, Robert Bronk, 28, and Benny Bendrickson, 45, both of South St. Paul, were seriously He started out in Russia with Riad Ghali, political advisor to I injured when their light ship struck the Menshevik minority faction of the Communist party which later managing editor of the {leftist of ttie two. the queen mother, said she will go to New York. Her daughters, Prin- A brother, Roy L. Bangsberg, is (lost to the bolsheviks, the more cesses Faika and Fathyia will ac- company a power line as they attempted a landing. Both were taken to Wes- ley hospital at Wadena. The plane Iwas demolished. falo river, in Wisconsin, was over its banks at certain points yesterday. High in Winona yesterday after- noon was 52, and the low was 36. This year's opening date for the river at not exceptionally early, although in 1948 the ice did not leave until March 19. First boat upriver last year was the Coast Guard cutter Sycamore, which passed Winona March 28. The Hel- ena and four barges followed March 28. The record of river openings: E 19 11 6 15 13 26 2 24 9 22 1 18 21 5 15 2 58 28 22 19 15 4 23 14 15 2 II 22 31 17 18 30 14 12 14 28 I 6 18 24 37 Jt 31 19 3 14 9 26 30 8 A. J. Rockne Breaks Hip Rochester, Rockne, of Minn. A. J. Zumbrota, prominent former Minnesota legislator, was in St. Mary's hospital here today with a hip fracture suffered In a fall at his home last night. Rockne, 89, was a member of the Minnesota legislature more than 40 years. He served his first term in the house of representatives start- ing in 1903, and was speaker In 1909. He started serving in the senate in 1911. Rockne has been in ill health for several months. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy and' somewhat colder to- night and Sunday. Low tonight 25; high Sunday 36. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 52; minimum, 36; noon, 41; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Chicago...........58 Denver 66 Phoenix 76 Washington .......52 Winnipeg .........36 International Falls Los Angeles Miami Seattle 37 57 77 58 35 34 45 40 13 19 43 64 43 Additional weather on page 3. ;