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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 5, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Mltll AfHtW iltltlflti Mini HftlurtUr mitrttlnil tnd FM IS COMING Do rare your new radio reoeln It. ftflrntuon. Full Leased Wire Newt Report of The Associated Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 46, NO. 15 W1NONA, MINNESOTA. FRIDAY EVENING. MARCH 5. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES MATTER OF FACT Military Phase Begins Ily .liisrph ami Stewart Alsop Thr Soviet-western conflict Is now dearly punning into H rirw uncl perhaps decisive phiiitc. f'imur fine wii.i the period of Arnnrl- run wlr-fli'liinliin n phu.'io of np- toward the Soviet Union, Phase two was a period of nwnkcn- liiK it of lUtompts to hull Soviet by polUlcul uncl economic munn- urcs, culminating In the Europium n-k AI rrcovory program. The AI.IOPII bo u military phase marked by clc- fenMve piic-ls, military basing ur- niMgrim'iit.M uncl coordination of war throughout tho non-Soviet world. The first major measure of this new phase Is likely to bo what amounts to n defensive alliance be- tween the wrstcm European power, and thr United States. Just wha form thl.n nrrnngomont rmiy taki Is dtlll unccrliiln. There In also dls' agreement within the iidmlnlntnc tlcm ii.i to whether tho Inltlntlvi should be, left to the 01 Khould be tiikrn by Tho Impor- timt fart remnln.i that romnrknbl unanimity linn suddenly npponrec on nil levels of American pollcj making, n.i to tho neod for nil Am- 13 Lost As Towboat Capsizes Truman Asks Congress to Wind Up WAA June 30 To Appease Southerners WimhlriKlon President Trumnn asked Congress today to wind up Iho War Assets ad- ministration June 30. The disposal of remaining domestic xurplus wnr property wmilil lie triumfcrrccl to the Fed- em! Works iiKonny. Of tho original of surplus property, about will remain to lie disposed of nt home by June 30. Tim worth left to be sold abroad by that date would be transferred rrom the State department to the owning agencies for handling. These agencies primarily arc the Army and Navy departments. In a special message to Con- grcHN, Mr, Truman Niiiil: "The enactment of mich leg- islation will abolish our lanrcxt remaining war agency and pro- vide for an orderly liquidation of the present war surplus dis- posal program." rrlrnn-Kuropcnn nor I. iillliinco of some breakfast meeting hotel at Monroe; THIS IS A logical (icfiuol to ro- rrnl. rvrnl.i, The nctuivl beginning of thr new In tho Sovlot- wp.iirrn conflict must bo traced to Brltl.ih Foreign Minister Emo.n Bovln's call for a union ot western Europo, Devln'x bold proposal wti put forward with ,iomo bo thr British government hat nfcrpt advance of tho Soviet plans for Cxoehodlovakld anc Finland. It wiv.i welcomed parti- cularly at tho State department. I has now boon given strong Impetus by IhP actual occurrence of Iho rape of Czechoslovakia, and ttlo begin- ning of the attack on Finland. In fear and dismay, most western Eur- opean lenders are now pressing for Immediate realization of tho Bcvln Idea. In thfl coumo of tho preliminary however, unvonil of tho western Kuropcnii leadern, and im- prclully I'remtor Spunk of Belgium havn out that n union ol western Kuropo no longer would be ittrong enough. Tho Soviets woul: not bn Imprrwrd by any mnre group- Ing of fltatr.i militarily and economi- cally rxhaiintod by thfl wnr. In order to rnuko Urn proposed union truly rffectlvo, tho Unltod Slated woillc hiivr. to Join tho party, at leant to tho extent, of Joining In military uncl strategic planning and ncldlnf American strength to tho pool. THIS POINT OIr view was re- layed bunk to Washington nomo tlfno HKO. and mot wtlh n friendly response here. the modo of procedure Is iitlll unsettled. Iho American policy- makers seem to be protty wcl agreed on what they ultimately want. Broadly speaking, tho doslrec blueprint Is for a western European union, re-insured militarily by tho United States with u Kuropcnn- Amerlcan combined staff to do the homework. This would be, In effect a mlltary-stratoglo copy of the pat- tern of economic cooperation al- ready laid clown by tho Marshal pliui. The development of such a now pattern would obviously solve many pressing problems of n practical nature which ure difficult for this country to deal with on n unilateral Cooperation among nil the nations along the Atlantic scaboarc shoJld provide nn easy solution for the question of Iceland and Green- land bases, now in dispute with Iceland and Denmark. It should removo tho remaining Portugese ob- jrctlons to the strategic use of the Azores. It should make It possible to renrh agreements with France and Belgium concerning the defense of North A.'rlcu and ihc COIIKO. It should permit coordina- tion of Amerlcnn and IHItl.ih stru- teirlr planning and political effort in all tho many nrcus of joint In tercst, AnOVK AM-, development of this new pattern should make It possible to tackle the most basic of all problems from the European stand- point 'those listed above are, after nil, of primary Interest to this coun try i. This Is the problem of the defense of Europe Itself ngulnst Soviet aggression. Solution of this problem will lay tho worst ghost now haunting European minds, of Soviet nrmlrs marching almost un< opposed to the North Sen and the English rhaiuiel. All this, to be sure, Is reckoning without the Inevitable- slips botwlxt tho cup und tho lip. At tho mo- ment, for example, tho French are having an iicuic attack of tholr neurosis about Germany, which Is tragically natural, but now widly out of tlalit. French demands for cxtromn guaranties ugiilnxt tho ru- cmergcnc-e of a Gorman state arc thus hampering tho Initial agree- ment between Britain, Franco and the Benelux countries, which Is the necessary nucleus for any western European union, Yet tncsu difficulties, In the lOKlc of the situation, arc bound to prove temporary, Military measures to show a strong front against Soviet liKgressloti are now clcnrly needed. They will, therefore, eventually be taken. American participation Is needed to mako those measures effective. Tho United States will participate, The alternative Is too clear and too onfcrencc, grim to permit liny other outcome, Stassen Claims He's 'Out Front' In Wisconsin E. Stas- son confidently claims he Is "out front" in tho Wisconsin primary and today he starts tho first of a series of nine two-clay tours of the state. Tho former Mlnno.'ioln governor opened tho drive at luncheon here today. women ti 1 p. m. ho will bo nt tho Port Atkinson municipal auditorium and at p. m. In the Bclolt collOKO Held house. Ills Saturday schedule calls for a In tho lunch Eugene at the Baptist church at Elkhorn followed by a talk at the Elkhorn municipal building; u 3 p. m. meeting at Lake Geneva: another meeting one hour later at Burlington, nncl a fourth mooting at p. m. In the Eagles hnll. at Kcnosha. Tho tour will be made by bus. Stnsson wound up n two-day cnnr pnlgn tour In New Hnmpshiro Thursdny night and turned his at- tention to Wisconsin. In n news conference nt Kcene, N, ho said his own poll and others had con- vinced him ho is lending in the Wisconsin race. Stnsscn declared he would barn- storm Iho southern nrcn of Wiscon- sin. Asked whether he thought Dcwoy had strength In Wisconsin, Utassen replied: "Yos, he has Homo strength but my polls show mo In first Package of Contains Valuable Relict Munknlo, package of mumontos loft by her father In 1D30 but unopened until now has given up n treasure or relics, Mrs. Botty Webb reported today. Mrs, Webb snld the package con- tained two prayer books, ono print- ed In 1031 and another In 1735; an Ivory chess set hand mndo more than 300 years ngo; a small bell dntlng brick to 1000 and two watches more thnn 200 years old. Mrs. Webb said contents of the package hnd not boon carefully checked until she was cnlled upon to produce somo family history in court Duluth Burglars Blast Open Safes, Get Loot Duluth, Minn. Burglars Thursday night pushed and dragged heavy safes into the meat coolers of two west Duluth grocery stores, blasted them open, und mndc off with loot estimated nt ifl.ioo. The stores victimized were the Cash S; Carry Market, reporting n loss In cash and checks of approxi- mately and tho Zenith Cosh Market, Inc., where tho loss totaled about In cash. The burgliu-s knocked off handle of the safe and then placed their explosive charge in the open- ing. Detective-Sergeant Prank Lake was directing the police Investiga- tion at both establishments this morning. McGrath Fails 'Stormy' Strips for Students, Gets Dunking Baton Rouge, her revealing enterprise in offering uni- versity students here n short course In a very liberal art, the strip-tease dancer, got dunked. whose leal name Is Staclo Lawrence, came up from New Orleans to present a few bare facts to students at Louisiana State uni- versity. She even brought n band Withdrawal of Truman Declared Goal in Dixie Washington Democratic peace feelers were reported today to have bumped into an unburiglng Dixie stand that only President Tru- mnn's exit can halt the civil rights revolt. Democratic Chairman J, Howard McGrath, who also is a Rhode Island senator, has been sounding out some of his southern colleagues on the chances for a compromise. Split Discussed The party split over Mr. Truman's race equality proposals also" Is said to have boon talked over informal- ly with some senators by Secretary of Labor Schwcllcnbnch, a former senator himself. Some of those approached said both were told that only Mr. Tru- man's withdrawal as n potential candidate could bring pence. McGrath seemingly had little to offer except a return to the 1944 pnrty platform plank on civil rights. That declaration promised only in a general way to bring about great- er equality among the races. It con- tained no specific reference to the antlpoll tax, nntllynching. antijob discrimination and anti-Jim Crow measures proposed by the President. Tho southerners were reported to have said, in effect, that this would along. Whllo bled before yelled "tako some of tho boys assom- the ti.S.U. flcldhouse it down to n bra and n pair of black and white striped panties. At tills point n group of muscular young men hustled "Stormy" of! her Improvised lecture platform and dumped her in n kncc-dccp pond. In the ensuing moleo tho band had Its piano .smashed and the truck In which It was carried pushed away. When last scon a group of students was merrily shoving It around and singing. One wheel Inter was found on the second tlor of the football stadium. Campus lenders said they had been unable to Identify as students any of those responsible for dunk- be fine, but not enough. What they want, they made it become a personal issue, McGrath obviously could prom- ise no move by Mr. Truman to get out. In fact, the Democratic chair- man has told friends ho Is as ccr- In as ono can be about polltlcH that Mr. Truman is cluLermlnocl to President Said Stubborn The President is described Two Finnish Parties Oppose Military Pact Helsinki, Finland minority parlies announced opposition a military Their stand means that parties rop- rcsentlnR a majority of the mem- bers of Parliament now are aliened against such a tie. The minority parties the Con- servatives and the cd other parties and blocs, how- in approving the opening of with the Soviet union As'o'no'southTrner'putlon a friendship and mutual assist- it to a reporter: Mr. Truman hns'ancc pact as suggested last week by Prime Minister Stalin. Ratification Necessary The final decision on the answer by friend and foe alike as a stubborn man who won't give up In the face of n fight. Meanwhile, Senator Lister Hill who Is a pro-Truman candidate for convention delegate, joined Senator Allen J. Ellcndor Thursday in one of the President's civil rights propo- sals. The two said In a minority report on a bill to set up a fair employ- ment (antijob discrimination) com- mission that it would aid commun- ism. They argued that the measure off- ers an "invitation to sabotage" be- cause It would keep tho federal gov- Ing but n university from discriminating clal said he bclluvcd they were. Heading Up A Full Slate of "MncArthur for President" delegate candidates In Wisconsin, two former governors, Philip F. La Follctte, loft, and Fred R. Zimmerman have filed their nomination papers. Above, they look over Zimmerman's papers which, as secretary of state, ho filed with himself at Madison, against a Job seeker "because of his national origin or ancestry." to Russia now rests with Prcdldcnt Juho Pnnslkivl, n. statesman long experience) in dunlins with the Russians.- Parliament would he re- quired to ratify any treaty. Tho Conservatives, with 29 scats In Parliament, and the Liberals, with nine, will deliver their i'ornml response to the president late to- day. The Social Democrats, with 46 seats, Cancer Fund Recommended _____.... House ap- the Social Democrats emphasized propriations committee today recom-l that Finland has "no chance to re- mended a fight Stalin's proposal for negotla- the Swedish party, with is', already have recommended to Pnnslklvi that he appoint n delega- tion to negotiate. Together, the four represent 101 of Parllmenl.'s 200 scats. The popular front, Of Communists and Radical Socialists, has urged ac- ceptance of negotiations toward a full military pact. They have 51 parliamentary scats. Agrarian Stand Expected The Agrarians, who hold tho other 48 seats were expected to make their stand public some time today. There were some unconfirmed re- ports that the president already has draped his reply to Stalin. In responding to the president's request for parliamentary guidance, cancer. It approved a appro- prln tlon for the construction of 18 hospitals and laboratories under the direction of the National Cancer in- recommended a further appropriation in the stltute. It also future. The Initial fund would enable the institute to get its program under- way. Congress would be obligated under the committee's plan to pro- vide additional money Inter. Alabama Court Rules Against Quick Divorces Montgomery, Ala- bama supreme court has turned thumbs down on the state's "Quickie" divorce law. In a ruling Thursday the court held unconstitutional nn act of the 1945 legislature which said that no period of residence was required if both the husband and wife in a divorce suit were within the trial court's Jurisdiction. It was not known immediately how many divorces will be affected by Thursday's ruling. The court's action Thursday re- vived an old one-year residence re- quirement for divorces granted in Alabama, tions. At the same time, the party said negotiations must be conducted on the premise that "'our nation wants to maintain neutrality. The great majority of our peace-loving people is against binding our country to military alliances and wants to do everyting possible to keep our coun- try out of possible conflicts." Great weight was attached to the statement because the Social Demo- crats play n major role in Finland's politics and her trade unions. Bulletin Washington Presi- dent Truman returned to- day from his southern vaca- tion. His plane arrived from Key West, Fla., at p. m. W Jackson, Miss. A trucltload of dynamite blew up today on a highway kill- ing a bystander, damaging three residences and injur- ing three occupants. The blast was heard in Jackson, 23 miles away. The Federal-Dargc Linen towboat Natchez, Jn the top picture, sank Thursday night nonr Greenville. MIM. Thc-toont was valued nt 000 and was 180 feet long. Below Joe Cummlngs of Algiers, La., is being rescued and taken ashoTe by the towboat Ircnii Chotin. (A.P. Wirephotos to The ALCOHOLIC KICK FOR CARS SEEN Ily Alton L. nn alcoholic kick into auto engines may bring n :lny of: High-power performance on low-grado gasoline. Trucks and autos climbing hills In high Instead of creeping up In low. Economical driving on the flat, with a ready surge of power when needed. I'arl nf your power coming from corn cubs, or grains. Those possibilities from use of al- johol as liquid fuel were described oclay by Dr. G. E. Hllbert, director if tho Northern Regional Research nbonitory, U, Agriculture, at Farm S. Department of Pcorla, 111., to the Chcmurglc council There arc some "ifs and A gallon of alcohol can be blend- ed with nlno gallons of low-grade gasoline to mnkc ten gallons of premlnum antiknock fuel, he said. The blends wouldn't require any changes In engine design or read- justment. Something different, for tho extra burst of power, arc gadgets already available which can inject mixtures of alcohol and water. This wns clone with airplanes during tho wnr. The alcohol injections would take trucks uphill in high. Such power is needed occa- sionally. Tho rest of the time en- gines could operate on chcnpur, lower octane gasoline. This would save oil reserves, for It takes more crude oil to produce high-octane gasoline. Tho biggest "11" is the present high price of alcohol, Dr. Hilbcrt in many ways, and alcohol costs will snld. Even if corn cost a dollar n bushel, alcohol would cost 50 cents n gallon under present recovery practices. But this may not mean so much within a few years. "Regardless of this price differ- ence, there are many instances where the use of alcohol-water in- jection with low-grade gasoline will bo cheaper and give better opera- tion than premium grade gasoline." Present petroleum reserves appar- probnbly depend more on grain costs than technical improvements, he continued. Still, production costs may be reduced. The Peoria laboratory developed an enzyme, from a fungus, which can substi- tute for malt in fermenting grain. This one substitute would make ethyl alcohol from grain cheaper by three cents a gallon. The samo laboratory TUso Is stu- cntly arc enough for many years. And plants arc being built to make dying the cost and yields of mak- synthctlc fuels from coal and nat-ting alcohol from corncobs and other ural gas. If future demands out-1 residues. Answers may be avail- strip this supply, or send costs up, alcohol from farm products may enter the picture, Dr. Hllbert said. Methods of making alcohol from grains arc well known and efficient I cobs. able in another year. The prob- lem isn't making alcohol from the cobs, but doing it economically. One of the biggest costs is collecting the Teachers' Union Heads Say School Board Stubborn Minneapolis The presidents of striking teachers unions Issued a statement today declaring school board stubbornness is keeping the Minneapolis schools closed. The statement was issued by Charles E. Boyer and Margaret R. Tupper, presidents, respectively, of the Federation of Men Teachers and the Federation of Women Teachers. If, followed the breakup of ft brief meeting Thursday between School Superintendent Willard E. Goslin and representatives of the unions, whose members went on strike February 24. The teachers' representatives de- clared Goslln and the school board were not negotiating in good faith. Goslln had informed the negotia- tors their proposal for an an- nual Increase in teachers' salaries 'is nowhere near the realm of pos- sibility." The union presidents' statement went into tho issues in the strike and declared: "The teachers still are in hopes that Superintendent Goslln and the board of education will negotiate In good faith. The public schools of Minneapolis can be opened when- ever this is accomplished. "It was the board of education's order closing schools for four weeks during 1948 that finally precipitated the action of the teachers on Feb- ruary 24. "It is the board's stubbornness, and perhaps an overdose of pride, that is keeping the schools closed." The union leaders said the area of agreement thus far reached in negotiations is limited to Goslin's promise to restore the four weeks which the "board of education has cut from the 1948 The teachers have contended this curtailment of the school year amounted to a ten per cent wage cut. The union lenders said that dur- ing negotiations the teachers' de- mands for wage increases were seal Wallace Suggests Freedom League New Wallace today announced formation of nn Freedom league because, he said, "the time has come for those of us who believe in old- fashioned Americanism to fight back." The third party presidential can- didate wrote In his column in the current New Republic: "I want everyone who has a specific instance of how the federal government or businessmen have abridged our freedom to write in to the Freedom league." The league's headquarters is list- ed nt the New Republic office, 40 East 49th street. Wisconsin Treasurer Reports Cash Balance Madison, Treas- urer John Sonderegger reported to- day a cash balance of the state treasury March 1. Of the total. belonged to the general fund for administra. tlve purposes. River Current Hurls Natchez Against Piling Tragedy Occurs Near Greenville, Mississippi Greenville, Thirteen crewmen were dead or missing to- day after the 180-foot, towboat Nat- chez rnnimcd Into a bridge, turned ore and sink In tho swollen Mis- sissippi river. Federal Barge line officials at St. Louis said 13 of the crew of 26 were known survivors. Two bodies were recovered. The towboat Sohlo Latonii brought 11 survivors to Greenville. Another, Engineer Louis Keeling or Greenville, was picked up far down- stream, and wns being brought to Greenville in critical condition. Captain Sees Tragedy Cnptnin William A. Howcll, mas- ter of the Sohlo-Lntonln, witnessed the end of the Natchez from his pilot house. "The current caught her and roll- ed her he wild. "She went down in about a minute. The men. Wiscontlnitet Miffing St. Wisconsin crewmen were listed as mLsnlnc today In the sinking of the tow- lioat Natchez near Greenville. Miss. A casualty list released by the the Federal Barge lines reported that Adolph J. Ilnnken. whose next of kin is Mrs. A. J. Han- ken of PrcRCOtt, WLs.. and Looin W. Frank, whose next of kin U his brother, George Frank of River Falls, WIx., were below firemen, engineers and so on had no chance. The men picked up were mostly deck crew." Howcll, who lives at Cairo, HI, snld the disaster was "by far the worst" in the 13 years he on l.ho vlvor. Is 28 years old. Thi) young oapl.nln nnlrt he thought this master of the Natchez, CnpUtn John Browlnskl or St. Louis, win missing. "Most of the fellows didn't know what hod he- relnted. "The pilot wasn't on un- derstand the captain was at the wheel." The survivors were taken to Kings Daughters hospital here In ambulances which had been wait- ing for several hours. Most of them suffered principally from shock. waller Huns of St. Louis, the pilot, said nt the hospital that he had been awakened by the crash of the barges against Uic pier. Ho ran out onto the bridge beside tho pilot house. Clem A. Collins also of Cairo. HI., the second mate, said he was near the pilot house when he saw the crash coming, and ran to the top of the vessel. "It sounded like something rip- he related. Collins floated down the river after the boat turned over. swallow- Ing a large amount of oily water. Out of Breath "I was Just about out of breath when I was picked he said. The Nntchcz was on charter to the Stniidard Oil Company of Ohio, which owns the Sohlo-Latonia, The two boats were taking tows of crude oil from. Mayersvlllo, Miss, to St. Louis. and down to down. a year, a rcduc- come more than half the statement continued. Goslln said today he does not "expect to make recommendations for a higher salary schedule until the school finances are on a sounder basis." The superintendent added that he favors a "high level" of teachers' salaries as a part of the general school Improvement program. Loss Set at in West St. Paul Fire St. wns estimated at In a fire which destroyed a five-family apartment in West St. Paul Thursday. Firemen said ten- ants lost all of their furnishings, clothing and personal property. Bob" nope better any signs. Co- vantage over most of the stars. He has his own brush. Of course, Jol- son is doing char- coal drawings. Sinatra tried to paint, but he hnd to give it up Every time he went to art class an- other student would pick him up and dip him into the paint. I bought a plaid beret, a two- toned smock and a neon brush and went out into the woods to paint. With that kind of outfit, I had to go into the woods. It's a funny thing, though Everything I paint looks like Betty Grable. Andy Devlne is with his easel having trouble Every time he gets something on canvas, his stomach erases it. My brother is making a fortune with his new hobby. He's out at Santa Anita painting buttons on the chests of guys who lose their shirts. Crosby isn't interested in paint- ing anything drawing money. He just keeps But as a painter, I'm an art _..-c I can't get any of the Hollywood actresses to come up and sec my etchings. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Cloudy to- night with local light snow begin- ning tonight and extending to early Saturday morning. Generally fair lute Saturday with rising tempera- ture in Uic afternoon. Low tonight 12; high Saturday 32. Minnesota: Increasing cloudiness tonight, becoming cloady Saturday with occasional light snow north. and west portions. Rising tempera- tures over state tonight and Satur- day. Wisconsin: cold tonight. Fair and Saturday continued increasing cloudiness and slowly rising tem- peratures. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, 6: noon. 21; precipitation, none: sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECASTS Minnesota and peratures will average normal southern Wisconsin and three de- grees above normal elsewhere, nor- mal maximum ranging from 28 north to 44 south. Normal minimum eight north 23 south. Rising tem- peratures Saturday and Sunday above normal Monday colder Tues- day. Precipitation will average less than inch Minnesota arid Wis- consin. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Pep. Bcmidjl 29 -17 Chicago ...........28 Denver 16 DCS Moines........22 Duluth 24 International Falls. 21 Kansas City .......34 Los Angeles........66 Miami .............80 25 01 36 58 Phoenix 60 Mpls.-St. Paul New Orleans New York Seattle 15 -10 16 9 6 23 45 70 5 53 10 44 30 .03 trace .03 I.ii .07 Winnipeg ..........13 ;