Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 4, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Light Snow Tonight and Thursday Attend Winona's Spring Preview Friday, Saturday VOLUME 53, NO. 13 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 4, 1953 FORTY PACES H as rain H emorrnage Jamej C. Hagerfy, right, White House press secretary, today announced to reporters that President Eisenhower had made a statement ex- pressing sympathy to the Russian people in com- menting on the serious illness of Premier Stalin. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) f% I Despotism Resolution Ike Expresses Doesn't Affect Yalta Pact, Taft Declares 'Victory' Only Korean Answer, Van Fleet Says U.N. Can Win War Without Enlarging It, General States WASHINGTON tfl Gen. James A. Van Fleet declared today the United Nations forces can win a Malenkov Top Candidate As Successor to By JOHN M. H1GHTOWER WASHINGTON name of Georgi M. Malenkov led all the rest in Washington speculation on a possible successor to the gravely ill Joseph Stalin, but Russian spe- cialists said anything could bap- pen in the event of the Premier's military victory in Korea without J enlarging that war into a greater I So much secrecy shrouds events conflict. in Moscow and obscures the small WASHINGTON tfl By JACK BELL Sen. Taft (R-0) Sympathy to Russian People sai'd today President WASHINGTON President Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles agree that a resolution to I Eisenhower expressed his sympa- condemn Russian "enslavement" of other peoples in no way affects I thy to the Russian people today World War II big power agreements. Taft's statement was in reply to Democratic taunts that by revising the wording of the resolution originally submitted by Dulles the Republicans had "emasculated" a cold war propaganda device sought If Defendants In Dairy Case Fined ST. PAUL, Minn. UP) Fines totaling were assessed to- day against 11 defendants in a milk and cream anti-trust case in U. S. District Court. Surprise no defense pleas entered by the defendants late Monday disposed of a trial scheduled to start today. The group, which includes dairies and a labor union, entered the nolo ctxntendere pleas to charges that they fixed milk and cream prices in the Minnea- polis area. The' 11 and the fines imposed by Judge Dennis Donovan; Northland Milk and Ice Cream Co.; Franklin Cooperative Creamery Association, and Minneapolis Milk Dealers As- sociation, each, and E, S. Elwell, Northland president; Npr- ris Creameries, Inc.; Ohleen Dairy Co.; Clover Leaf Creamery Co.; Superior Dairies Inc.; George E. Hanson of Superior; AFL Milk Drivers Union, and Dewey Ewald of Ewald Brothers Dairy, each. by the President. Whether any legal effect" or not, the revision stirred up a lot of Democratic opposition. Thus it may, have jeopardized chances for the overwhelming vote Dulles has said it needs to have any prop- aganda effect. Taft declared in an interview: "Both Mr. Dulles and President Eisenhower agree that nothing in the present resolution is intended in commenting on the serious ill- ness of Premier Stalin And, he said, he knows of no other way to break the deadlock over the prisoners-of-war great snag of armistice talks. With the four-star general in the witness chair of the House Armed Services Committee, Rep. Patter- son (R-Conn) asked: "Is there any solution Jo the problem of inter- change of Van Fleet replied in one word: 'Victory." Patterson: "Other than that, there's nothing Van Fleet: "That's all." Later, Van Fleet endorsed by in- ference one of the pronouncements by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, who was fired by former President Tru- man as Far Eastern Commander. Rep. Cunningham (R-Iowa) asked: "There is no substitute for victory in (MacArthur's words.) Van Fleet: "Not in my opinion." Closed Session Van Fleet, who is home for re- tirement, testified for an hour and a half at a public session of the House Committee. Then the com- mittee went into a closed session The President voiced hope in a 1 wjth him to hear more details statement that God will watch over I could B0t be brought out in the Soviet peoples "regardless the identity of government personal- The President went to his office and met with Allen Dulles, head of the Central Intelligence Agency, and discussed with him the inter- national situation as it might be affected by Stalin's collapse. Eisenhower also kept in touch with Secretary of State Dulles on the situation and conferred with him personally before entering a. to affect the validity or the status National Security whatever it is of the Yalta Councll< agreements in one way or an- other." Taft, Addition Made the Republican Senate World Speculates On Change of Power in Russia By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Reaction around the world to the announcement of Joseph Stalin's serious illness: in Rus- sian affairs say anything can hap- pen when Stalin dies, but Georgi M. Malenkov is considered to have inside track .for his job. Officials not optimistic that Stalin's death would bring any great change in Russian policy. Minister Chur- leader, would not go so far as to say, however, that Eisenhower and Dulles specifically approve an ad- dition made to the resolution yes- terday fay the Senate Foreign Rela- tions Committee. .By an 8-6 vote largely on party j Mohammed Mossadegh kept up the lines, the committee wrote into the offensive today in his struggle resolution a declaration that its for power with Shah Mohammed adoption would "not constitute any j Reza Pahlevi, demanding that Par- Mossadegh Still Winning in Iran TEHRAN, Iran UP! Premier determination by the Congress as to the validity or invalidity of any of the said agreements or under- standings." This was done over Democratic opposition to satisfy what Taft and Sen. H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) said were from Congress should not affirm the agreements made by Presidents Franklin D. Roose- velt and Truman at Yalta and other conferences. "A lot of people denounced the Yalta agreements in the campaign and now don't want to be pus in the position of affirming Smith said. Despite the obvious risk that the Democrats, who condemned the change roundly, might not along, the Senate Republican Pol icy Committee voted unanimouslj to stand behind the committee's action. Its chairman, Sen. Know And of California, said he hopes that after the Democrats study th( revised resolution they will decid( to it. Senate Democratic Leader Lyn don B. Johnson of Texas opened mmediate fire with a declaration hat he would "oppose any effor; to attach partisan amendments liament intervene in alleged royal court intrigues against his govern- ment. The move was disclosed Tuesday night by the semi-official news- 1951- public for security reasons. The general, in declaring a mil-, itary victory could be won without enlarging-the war, said that was his "personal opinion" but that he would have io'withhold his reasons for that view until.Jhe closed meet- ing. During a general discussion of the situation In Korea, Van Fleet said there is no serious supply shortage but that replacement of men is not satisfactory either in numbers of quality of troops. Van Fleet praised the "very good teamwork" between top American commanders in Korea and said he "couldn't ask for finer support" than he received from the Air Force and the Navy. Standing Room Only Van Fleet called the present war situation of stabilized lines a "sit- down of our own choice." He said it is "not a checkmate, not even a stalemate." Spectators crowded into the big hearing room in the House Office Building. Many were standing. Van Fleet repeated a belief he j had expressed in Korea when he I was retiring from his that the United Nations could have won a military victory in the spring group of Kremlin personalities which directs them that persons outside have no very adequate means for predicting what may happen. Malenkov, like V. M. Molotov a deputy premier, seems to outside observers to have strengthened his position as chief claimant to Sta- lin's mantle greatly in recent years. He took a particularly prom- inent role in' last fall's Russian Communist Party Congress. He is a close associate of Stalin. Struggle Possible Informed persons here do not rule out, by any means, the pros- pect that there may a bitter strug- gle for leadership among the men in the Kremlin. Nor do they rule out the chances of a purge of those whose loyalty to any successor might be questioned. It was also believed at least pos- sible that a successor to Stalin al- ready had been picked, although that would seem to be contrary to Stalin's technique for maintain- ing himself in absolute power. As free world diplomats appraise the situation, Stalin has ruled dur- ing much of Communist Russia's more than three decades with an absolute, dictatorial authority not matched in any big power since the end of World War II. Thus, according to this view, he Condition of Premier Grave, Doctors Report Minister Joseph Stalin Moscow Announces Illness OtStalin LONDON text' of the Moscow radio broadcast announc- ing the illness of Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and quoting the of- ficial Soviet news agency Tass follows: A government statement about the illness of the chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers and secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist party of the So- viet Union, Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin: The Central Committee of the Communist party of the Soviet I Union and the Council of Minis- ters of the USSR announce the great misfortune which has befall- en our party and our grave illness of Comrade J. V. Stalin. During the night of March 1, Comrade Stalin, while he was in Moscow in his apartment, had a hemorrhage in the brain which af- fected vital parts of the brain. Comrade Stalin lost conscious- ness. A paralysis of the right arm and leg developed. A loss of speech occurred. Serious disturbances de- veloped in activities of the heart paper Bakhtar Emrooz as Tehran returned close" to normal after riotous demonstrations in which three persons were killed and an estimated 60. injured since Satur- day. Bakhtar Emrooz said Mossadegh is insisting that Parliament ap- proach the royal court and demand elimination of intrigues. The capital city was quiet today. Shops and bazaars that closed down at the start of the trouble Saturday chill, who may survive as last of that will jeopardize the President's She wartime "Big offers __j sympathy to Russians. British re- call fears of rash action, in the event of a struggle over Stalin's job. Bonn, Ade- nauer says Stalin's death would not let the world relax and "should only strengthen us to pursue the course on which we have embarked." press agency sees implication in Mos- cow announcement that Stalin al ready is dead. Yugoslavs wonder how change "in power would affect Moscow's fight with Tito. Vienna Western diplomats be- lieve no changes are likely in con- trol of satellite countries in view of recent purges by men in power dissatisfied elements are bound to probe for weaknesses. "The Communist system needs a constant bogey man to keep in power." prestige before the country and the world." Senators Sparkman (D-Ala) and Humphrey foreign rela- tions committee members, said the amendment meant that Congress and the President would be de- nouncing Russia for violating agreements which might or might not have been valid in the first place, Campaign Pledges Humphrey said the Republicans apparently want to "tie the Presi- dent's hands to satisfy some cam- paign pledges which were made when they didn't know the full facts of the case." Sparkman said the committee- approved revision was "politically inspired" and "pulled the punch of the resolution" so far as its usefulness is concerned in the Ei- senhower administration's war of nerves against Bussia. out of their refuge in the Parlia- ment building and-returned home. Van Fleet's appearance before the House group was the first of a series of meetings planned for him with House and Senate members particularly concerned with the mil- itary service and foreign affairs. The general arrived Tuesday and made a report to President Eisen- hower. Vaa Fleet said that he would like to pay tribute to the men of the Eighth greatest generation of Americans we have ever produced." Then Van Fleet, whose son is moved Hsted as missing in action in Korea "h a firm, unchallengeable grasp upon the final rungs of the ladder to succession. dropped his voice to say: "Your sons, our bless them.1 President Eisenhower pinned another ,Oak Leaf Cluster to the Distinguished Service Medal on the chest of retired Eighth .Army commander Gen, James A. Van Fleet in a ceremony at the White House. Looking on as the new honor was conferred on the already be-medaled general, is Defense Secretary Charles Wilson. 3-Way Succession In recent years, American offi- cials specializing on Soviet affairs have considered that the succes- sion would be worked out in one of three ways: 1. Malenkov may succeed Sta- lin. This belief is a development of the last year or so. In that time Malenkov has emerged stead- ily as the key man, so far as it is possible to judge here. Such events as the recent ar rest of nine top-flight doctors on charges of having contributed to the death of two high Soviet offi cials in past years appeared to be serving to increase Malenkov's power by decreasing that of a po tential rival, L. P. Beria. 2. A committee or triumvirate might be formed to direct Soviel affairs, set policy and make over- all executive decisions until a new leader emerged. This would be a way of mini- mizing the conflict over succession. But it would obviously require a high degree of co-operation at the outset among the principals. No Immediate Upheavals Some experts here have thought such a ruling committee might be comprised of Malenkov, with his control of Communist party ma- chinery; Beria, with his presumed control of 'the police powers; and Molotov, former foreign minister and long-time trusted friend and adviser of Stalin. 3. There might be a quick and perhaps bloody conflict among the chief contenders for the succession. This1 has ordinarily been thought of by the experts as more like a alace revolution than a national struggle. For their theory has been that in the initial stages after control passed from Stalin's hands there would not be upheavals in the So- iet Union on a national scale. 'arty and government organiza- ions have been considered too ef- for that i and breathing. Medical forces enlisted to treat Comrade Stalin: Professor Therapeutist P. E. Luknomsky of the Academy of Medical Science of the USSR. Professor Neuropathologist V. Konovalov. Professor Therapeutist A. L. Myasnikov. Professor Therapeutist E. M. Tareyev. Stalin Could Die Any Minute, Authority Says ?i NEW YORK tw-Dr. Arthur I. Suyder, ranking medical man on duty at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center early today, said Premier Stalin "could die any on the basis of Moscow's report of his condition. After a newsman read Snyder a Moscow bulletin on Stalin's condi- tion, Snyder said the Russian lead- er apparently is "critically ill" and in "extremely serious condition." Snyder added: "The ultimate prognosis (fore- cast or prediction) depend? on the progress that he makes in the first the first week." The doctor said Stalin appeared to have suffered a "fairly large cerebral vascular accident due to hemorrhage." The reference was Professor Neuropathologist. I to biood vesseis in the head. N. Filimomov. Professor-Neuropathologist R. A. Tkachev. Professor Neuropathologist I. S. Glazunov. Docent (teacher) Therapeutist V. I. Ivahov. The treatment of Comrade Stalin is conducted under the guidance of A. F. Tretyakov, minister of public health of the USSR, and I. Kuperin, chief of the Medical San- itary Board of the Kremlin. The treatment of Comrade Sta- lin is conducted under constant supervision of the Central Com- mittee of the Communist party of the Soviet Union and the Soviet government. In view of the grave state of the health of Comrade Stalin the Cen- tral Committee of the Communist party of the Soviet Union and the Council of Ministers Of the USSR finds it necessary to publish be- ginning with today medical bulle- ins on the state of the health of Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin. The first bulletin on the state of health of J. V. Stalin, at 11 p.m., Ireenwich Mean Time (6 p.m., 1ST) March 3, 1953. "During the night of March 1-2, 1953, Comrade J. V. Stalin had a sudden hemorrhage of the brain which affected vitally important parts "of the brain as: result of which paralysis r: the .right leg and speech. "Relevant medical steps were aken on the 2nd and 3rd of March lirected toward improving the dis- Continutd on 9, Column 7) MOSCOW I Pope Praying For Stalin VATICAN CITY UP) Pope Pius XII retired to his private chapel and prayed for conversion of Prime Minister Stalin as soon as he learned of the Soviet leader's ill- ness, a Vatican source said today. This source said the Pontiff prayed too for a better future "for the oppressed Russian people." Mexico Seizes 15 U.S. Shrimp Boats CAMPECHE, Mexico UP) The Mexican Coast Guard vessel Vir- gilio Uribe today stood uneasy watch over 15 U. S. shrimp boats it seized Tuesday off the Yucatan coast and herded into harbor here. The ma'ss seizure strained U. S.- Mexican relations already tense because of four previous arrests. Aroused shrimp boat operators in Florida and Texas planned a protest meeting in Tampa, Fla., Thursday night. They also fired protesting wires to the State De- partment in Washington, The Mexican government was officially silent, but a Marine ministry spokesman indicated au- horities might go slow on this latest Announcement Made 48 Hours After Attack By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW OB Prime Minister Joseph Stalin, 73, has been strick- en with a paralyzing of the brain, the government an- nounced today. The last bulletin !rom his physicians called his con- dition grave. There is as yet no indication how leadership of the government will be affectea. Stalin was stricken in his Krem- lin apartment last Sunday night, but the attack was announced only today, a little more than 48 hours later. The physicians' bulletin call- ing his condition grave is now more than 10 hours old. "Comrade J. V. Stalin had a sud- den hemorrhage of the brain which affected vitally important parts of the brain, as a result of which paralysis of the right leg and right arm occurred, together with the loss of consciousness and the eight attending physicians an- nounced, No Material They added that treatment had brought no material change in the condition of their patient, and "the degree of the disturbed functions of the brain has somewhat in- creased." The Central Committee of the Communist party and the Soviet Union's Council of headed by his absence from duty would be "more or less prolonged." But they called his withdrawal temporary, and urged the 200 million people of the So- viet Union to "display the greatest unity and redouble their ener- gies in building Communism." Stalin has led the government since 1924, when V. I. Lenin died. He led the Soviet people to victory in World War II, and his illness conies only a few weeks after the 10th anniversary of the Battle of Stalingrad, turning point of that war for the Soviet forces. The paralytic stroke Stalin suf- fered evidently is similar to that which killed Franklin D. Roosevelt, his wartime ally. President Roose- velt, who met with Stalin at Tehran and Yalta in wartime conferences, died at 63 in 1945. The announcement of Stalin's ill- ness was made over the Moscow radio as many Muscovites were go- ing to work. The announcers gave the words slowly, and the bulletin was read over and over again, Crowds Gather Crowds gathered in front of newspapers placarded on bill- boards. There was a look of con- cern on many faces. Pravda, of- ficial organ of the Communist par- ty, headlined the news with the black Com- munique." It was subheaded: "Of the illness of the chairman Council of Ministers of the USSR and secretary of the Central Com- mittee of the Communist party, Comrade Josef Vissarionovich Sta- lin." The official announcement dis- closed that the Soviet Union has a new health F. Trety- akov. It said the treatment was being conducted under direction of Tretyakov and I. Kuperin, chief the Medical Sanitary Board of the Kremlin. The previous minister of health was Y. I. Smirnov. Tass, the official news agency, telephoned foreign correspondents a brief bulletin about a.m. The AP correspondents in Moscow called their London and Paris of- fices immediately, with the calls going through quickly. These calls were placed from the central tele- graph office. The lines had to be held while censors cleared news copy for transmission-abroad.. All copy was subject to censorship. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy with periods of light snow tonight and Thursday. No important change in tempera- ture. Low tonight 12, high Thursday 26. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the' J4 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 33; minimum, 9; noon, 23; precipitation, none; sun sets tonfeht- at sun rises to- morrow -at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Max. temp. 25 at p.m. Tues- day, Min. 8 at p.m. Noon read- overcast at feet, miles, wind 10 miles per hour from west, southwest, barometer 29.69 steady, humidity 88.