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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 4, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER allr fair tonlilil ami Krli continued IS COMING Be rare yonr new radio can 1C Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 48, NO. 14 MINNESOTA. THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 4. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY MATTER OF FACT Russians Speed Up Conquests Jcwrph and Stowurt Aliop Washington Tho struggle Is over, and tho terror Is already be- ginning In Prague. Yet there Is still one Important fact to note about tho death of freedom In Czecho- slovak I n. Thc ruthless power piny which has jusl. been executed with ditch preci- sion was actually prepared In broad outline in Moscow during tho war, nearly five years Alsops The communists overwhelmed the non-communist majority ot Czechs for n very simple reason they already controlled cvury real source of power In tho state. They ob- tained this control almost wholly by tho efforts of two non-commu- nl.its, tho minister of war, General Ludvlk Svoboda. and tho deputy premier and newly reinstated social- ist lender. Dr. Si-.dcnck Flcrllnger These men acted, In effect, as agents of tho Kremlin, No ono knows now, and perhaps no ono will ever know, what traps the Kremlin laid or what Induce- ments thc Kremlin offered to Fler- llngcr and Svoboda, n career diplo- mat and a career soldier with de- cades ot service behind them, But it is very definitely known that Flerlingor and Svoboda were cap- tured In wartime, when Svoboda commanded the C7.ech troops with tho Red army, and Fiorllngcr was tho Czech government-ln-cxllc am- bassador to Moscow. The evidence further indicates that their future roles wcro then already alloted to Svoboda and Flerllngcr, Yet this was still tho period when General- issimo Stalin was assuring Presi- dent Bcncs, President Roosevelt and every other Allied leader or his deep respect for Czechoslovakia's inde- pendence and freedom, DURING THE WAR, loyal Czechs actually carried warnings of what afoot in Moscow to President Bones in London. Benes mndc fruit- less efforts to halt Svoboda's In- filtration of pro-communist officers Into his Czech detachments. Bencs nlso attempted to recall the jillppory Flcrllngcr, ostensibly for con.iultn- tloti. MJcnlliig trouble, nrroHiintly rupllud Una he waH too busy, and in uny case his health was too bad for tho Journey. Ho added, threateningly, that his So- viet friends wanted him where he was. Bones was caught In tho tolls of own decision to orient Czecho- slovakia, toward the Soviet union. Ho dared not flout tho Soviets by repeating his order to Fiorllngcr, or intervene openly to control Svoboda. And thus the tragedy of Koslcc inevitably occurred. In tho moment of tho German collapse, nt tho end of thc wnr, members of thc Czech govcrnmcnt- In-cxllo met with thc Czech com- munists nt tho little town of Koslce, to establish a new government. The Series group had expected to make no great concessions to tho com- munists. But at Koslce, they found an atmosphere ot Intrigue and In- timidation, Flerllngcr was tho evil genius ot the meeting. At one mo- ment ho overflowed with the slimy soothing syrup which Is one of his upeclaltle.t; at the next, he hinted threateningly ot reprisals by thc "red It a truly "sympathetic regime were not formed. AS A D1KKCT outcome of Flcr- linger'n efforts, tho war ministry went to Svobodu; thc crucial minis- tries of Interior, education ai.d In- formation went to overt commu nl.its, and of course Flcrllnger hlm- i.elf entered thc government In a iitrorig position. Thr government was hnrtlly formed before Svoboda boKim to extend his infiltration ef- fort to the Czech urmy as n whole, handing the vital secret Intelligence bodily over to the communists. At thc Interior di-partmrnt, Communist Minister Ncxiek transformed the po- lice inn. mi nrgiin of the communist party. And l-'lrrllnger, as leader of the nociiilKts, labored to paralyze nnv opposition to this communist M-lzure ot thc source.-; ot state power. No real opposition arose until thc terrible humiliation of last .summer, when tho Czech government chang- ed Its unanimous vot-; on the Mar- shal! plan by dlivct order from Stalin, Iiy then, opposition was use- lew. Thc Socialists threw out Flcr- llnger nnd replaced him with Boh- tlinlt I-ausinaii. Besides Lnusmnn, coumce was shown n few other non-communist, leaders (notably not including Foreign Minister Jan Ma- snryk, tho salon favorite In New York, who tm.i played perhaps the mw.t morally r.hitbby game ot all.) But the hard tact remained that power was all In communist hands. They began to use their power when the command was transmitted from the Kremlin ft fortnight ago, by thc Soviet Under Secretary of State Zorln. Czechoslovakia fell, like a rotten apple. There Is tv moral In this story for those who advocate friendly negotiation with tho Soviets. Ot what use are negotiations with a government which blandly promises one thing and secretly plots the opposite? There Is also (v warning The fall ot Czechoslovakia, has not altered the world power balance. But tho brutal methods employed and tho suddenness ot the coup have disclosed an Important alteration in the Kremlin's timetable. It Is not impossible that thc world crisis will rcuch thc acute and decisive stage in thc next few months. l WINONA MINNESOTA. 1 HUKSLJAI U. S. Generals Urge Guns for China Stassen Says U. S. Palestine Position Weak Steel Parley Suggested by Minnesotan Hanover, N. II. Harold E. Stasscn .says the American position In Palestine Is "very The Republican presidential as- pirant told a rally In Berlin Wed- nesday night that he did not sec any way the United States could net except through the United Na- It would bo definitely he added, "if this country did any- thing alone." He said however, that America should take the leadership In seeing that tho U. N. partition decision Is carried out. Once again he proposed a u. N. police force with the United States supplying its share of troops for keeping order in the Holy Land. Stasscn's comment on Palestine camo after he demanded that Presi- dent Truman personally intervene to stop steel prices from rising. Barnstorming through New Hamp- shire in a last minute bid for sup- port In tho state's March 9 presi- dential primary, Stassen said that the boost in steel prices would lead to another round of wngo increases. He suggested President Truman call both Benjamin head of the U. S. Steel, and Philip Murray, head of C.I.O. Steel Workers' union, to a White House conference. Tho object would be to try to get them to agree on a plan calling for "a six month moratorium." Under this plan the big steel companies would revoke the 54.85 per ton price Increase recently an- nounced for seml-flnlshed steel and tho workers would put off asking pay raises, Battleship Pennsylvania, Survivor of Pearl Harbor, Atom Bomb Test, Scuttled Pearl Harbor The Battleship Pennsylvania, survivor ol the Pearl Harbor debacle and two atomic blasts, was scuttled near Kwajaleln February 10, the navy announced today. "Damage received at Okinawa was mainly responsible for the Pennsylvania's -unseaworthiness and not damage inflicted during atomic bomb tests" at Bikini in Winchell Poet Dies in Plunge New York Phillip Stack, who contributed poct.ry to Walter WlnchclI'H iiyndluatcd Broadway column under the pseudonym "Don was killed today in a 12- story plunge from a mid-Manhattan apartment building. Police, listing the death as ap- parent suicide, said Stack lett n note saying he was "Incurably ill.' Tho 60-year-old writer plunged to his death from the studlo-ofllcc of a greeting card manufacturer, for whom he wrote verso. Bullet ins Nucrnbers, Germany S. army intelligence of- ficers have turned up an- other German who claims to have seen Hitler and Eva Bran n escape from Germany as thc war ended. This one Is a former German air force pilot named Arthur Fred- crick Ancclottc-Mackcnsen. The intelligence officers said today he told them he saw Hitler and Eva escape by plane from Berlin to Den- mark and as far as south- ern France in late April, 19-15. m groups of Wcsl Africans today de- manded self government for Britain's Gold Coast colony, thc scene of riotous disor- ders last weekend. Swainsboro, Ga. Two men and two women were reported wounded to- day when a posse seeking the slayer of a Georgia po- lice officer poured shots into a house where thc four had hidden. He'll Change His Mind, Experts Predict Stafford King Confides to Friends He May Run for U. S. Senate Against Joe Ball By Jack B. Maekay Stafford King SI. Faul Stafford King, state auditor, had confided to friends ho will make the race against Senator Joseph H, Ball for the Republican nomination but statehouse political experts predict he'll change his mind. King IH safe in hiK state auditor's job for two more years, until 10SO, so he wouldn't be risking that post even if he Jumped Into the sena- I torial contest. But, the politlcos i point out, he would be jeopardizing I his present cordial relationships with the Republican party if ho 'ignored the desire of a majority of the state central committee members. Two principal reasons are given by the observers for their fore- cast Hint ho will abandon his plans to run. They arc: 1. The Republican party would funds to help finance his campaign. 2. Pressure from fellow Republi- cans who dislike tho Idea of anyone stirring up a light within Republi- can ranks. When informed that financial as- sistance would be forthcoming to King's campaign from many sources outside the regular party, the ex- perts put it this way: ___ 'King Is interested in staying in public office. If he is defeated for the Republican senatorial nomina- tion, he could stay in his present post until 1950. But in 1950 Repub- lican leaders would remember that he ignored party wishes and there wouldn't be any inclination to give hlni funds to run even for state auditor. In fact, the party would scout around and get someone else to run against King." Meanwhile, King has refrained from making any formal announce- ment. He has, however, told many of his friends that he intends to seek the senatorial post. the atomic bomb tests" at July, ID-Id, the navy said. Two oilier warships, termed vic- tims of "progressive also were scuttled last month. They were the Destroyer Trippc, sunk February 3, and the Attack Trans- port Banner, sur.k February 16. The Navy said the Pennsylvania could not have remained afloat much longer in Kwajnlcln lagoon. She was towed there after the Bi- kini atom tests. She was consid- ered a possible Czech Communist On Way to U. S. As Ambassador Washington Czechoslova- kia's new Communist government already has an envoy on the way Q a posSiDlc tuiiuu...B to replace thc ambassador who quit fa fc Jn the Ittgoorii as dld the "nnllnn stnto. I pigs of the Bikini tests. Hit Japs 13 Times The "Mighty as the Navy calls her, recovered from the Pearl Har- to rathe'r than serve a "police Diplomatic officials said today Ir- vin Munk was named minister coun- sellor to Washington after last ivcek's red coup in Prague. Due In New York Monday, 'he thus was en route when Ambassa- dor Juraj Slavlk quit his post Wed- nesday to "flghv. for Czechoslovak democracy." Munk is ulated t.o becomo charge d'affaires. In that capacity ho will head the embassy staff which did not immediately follow the ambas- sador Into voluntary exile. The state department, meanwhile, Is prepared to assure Slavik that he is welcome to remain in the United States, In announcing his resignation Slavlk declared that the great ma- jority of l.fce Czech people remain ;ruc to Ideals and that he "will act in their behalf and in their name." Ho did not say whether he has spe- cific actions in mind. 17 Jews Reported Killed by Arabs ambushed a Hagnnah patrol near Ramallah today and police said 17 Jewish mll- tlamcn were killed, Arab sources said thc patrol was trying to penetrate through tho hills ,o lay mines on thc highway when t encountered Arab defenders. A two-hour gunnght resulted. There was no estimate of Arab casualties, Arabs said thc Jewish patrol came from Kalandlya settlement, which idjolns the airport where tho ad- vance party ot tho United Nations commission charged with carrying out Holy Land partition landed Wednesday, Thc Ramallah road is the only outlet to thc north and west of Jeru- salem which Arabs have used since thc partition vote last November. Taft Opposes Name in Wisconsin Primary J. Stearns, Milwaukee attorney, said today he lad been rcciueiitecl by Senator Rob- ert A. Tal't to cancel his efforts to organize (i slate of delegate candi- dates in Wisconsin's April G primary pledged to Taft tor thc Republican jresldentlal nomination. Mihai Declares Abdication Was Forced Upon Him King Mihai of Romania said today his abdica- tion was forced upon him and he docs not consider hlmse'.f bound by It. sails Friday for the United States. He had lunch today with thc British royal farr.ily nt Buck- ingham palace, and then issued a statement which said in part: "At thc present moment it is no longer necessary to Insist on the circumstances and causes of certain political events. "The motives of the profound po- litical changes imposed on the small states of eastern Europe are already too well known. "As far as Romania is concerned, I want to avail myself of the first possibility personally to confirm the facts as they'happened. "On the morning of December 30, 1947, Mr. Petru Groza and Gheorg- hiu-Dej, members of the Romanian cabinet, presented to me the text of thc act of abdication, urging me sign It at once. Both of them came to the royal palace after it had been bor'attack to strike at the by armed detachments, 13 times with pounds of inlormlng me that they -would hold than was fired by anylmc responsible for tho blooclshod olhor battleship In history. which will follow iiu cormixiucncc OH Okinawa, ED houni before Of the Instructions already issued by war ended, an aerial torpedo rippedj them In case I shall not sign with- the Pennsylvania's stern.and the time limit." 20 men. She was commissioned March 1C, 1915. She had a displacement of tons and was 608 feet in length with a beam of 106 feet, three inches. She carried 12 14-inch j guns, 16 flve-lnchcrs and many! smaller weapons. j This is how the Pennsylvania day gave Thomas B. McCabe a week ended her days: Sixteen sailors manned her on the last run. (In her glory days, the Pennsylvania carried 130 officers and enlisted She rode ignominously at the end of a tow hawser, her once power- ful engines silent. At the desig- nated spot, the crew opened the sea-cocks, removed the condenser plates, scrambled to the deck and boarded a tug. Her stern dropped beneath the waves, but for two ar.d a hair hours the Pennsylvania resisted her fate while Navy planes circled over- head. Then she slipped to her grave. Russia Returns 2 U. S. Tankers Two more lend- lease tankers have been returned to the United States by Russia, at -unlessHawaii (..lirtrfnirn 'Ut11 h-ilLC. Senators Await McCabe's Reply Washington Senators to- Jay gave Thomas B. McCabe a week to answer charges of mismanaging surplus war sales in China, On his reply m.iy hinge his ap- pointment to the federal reserve board of governors. President Tru- man has' said if the nomination is approved McCabe will replace Mar- rincr S. Eccles as chairman. Senator Charles W. Tobcy (R.- N. chairman of the Senate banking committee, refused to dis- close his plans for a possible-com- panion Inquiry into Eccles' demotion to the vice-chairmanship. But he said the committee will "follow through" on what he termed "a rather nauseating" account of the disposal of surplus war goods in China. House Subcommittee O.K.'s Alaska Statehood Washington Alaska clear- ed another hurdle today toward A bill which would make it the a time of critical world ihoitage tankers are the former Swance Rail and tho Paul Dunbar They were brought to Yokohama by Russian crews. American crews will bo ilown here to sail thc ships to the Persian gull' for oil to re- lieve thc shortage along the U. S. East coast. The first Icnd-Icnsc ship to be returned by the Russians wns de- livered to an American crew last week in Hong Kong, Four oilier tankers are to be brought here, and a firth is slated for delivery at Trieste. Minnesota Fliers Rescued Near Border After 4 Days in Wilds Without Shelter JntiTiiiitluniil Falls, Two [Hers were safe hero today after spending four days In thc wilder- ness with no shelter and little food after their plane crashed Sunday. Jack Oreen, a hardware merchant here and former army pilot, and Al- len Kilcheskl, commercial fisherman living on Seine bay or Kalny lake, miles cast of International Falls, were tho victims. They were found and flown to safety late Wednesday after an aerial search by four planes. Glen Van Ettcn, a local pi- lot, spotted them. Green, suffering severely from ex- posure In addition to Injuries in thc plane crash, was brought to thc Fort Frances, .Ont., hospital Just before dusk Wednesday night and Kllchcs- ki was to arrive there by train today, Seeking Trails Thc two were searching out canoe trails and portages they expected to use next summer. They left here last Wednesday and wcro to have returned not later than Tuesday. En route to International Falls from Atlkokan, 140 miles to the oast, Green said tho plane's motor suddenly stopped Sunday and the shlp'fcll In tho woods abutting Groy- troiit lake, 80 miles east of here. Both men were knocked out as tho ship came' down among tho trees and Green said that when he came to after dark, Kilcheski was trying miles on snowshocs to Mine Centre where ho took a. Canadian National Railways train to Fort Frances. He arrived at thc local airport simul- taneously with Mrs. Green who had her husband. thc grade _ was approved ta h committee. u B They mny make Emily Post thc new traffic commissioner of Cali- fornia. They will If they follow the sug- Helen HIttson's one woman safety campaign. to pull him from the p'.ane's wreck- become worried uboul her husband, age Lacking blankets, the two1 International Falls Pilots Ed An- spent the r.lijht sleeping on thc dersoii, Ray Lciscnfcld nnd Van_Et- ship's .seat cushions beside a fire. At daylight Monday, thc two went Into n. clearing and tramped out thc tcn took oil about noon and Ray Jeffries, pilot, and Les Espe, both from Winncbago, Minn., delayed a Hittson to a for her "expert and cour- driving. She said she'd al- bclievcd good and drivers should be reward- California Three Northern Democrats Propose MacArthur as Substitute for Truman By the Associated Press Rebelling Dixie Democrats today received a setback in their drive to keep President Truman's name off southern ballots. But from the North, came fresh support for a change in party standard bearers. Virginia legislators Wednesday threw out a bill to bat Mr. Tru- man's name from tho ballot. At the same time, three New Eng- land Boston's long-time Mayor James M. urged General Douglas MacArthur as their party's presidential candi- date. Curley, who lost Thanksgiving was granted a presidential pardon after serving five months of a 6 to 18 months mail fraud sentence, declared the nation is demanding that Mr. Truman stay out of the ice. He joined Former Governors Joseph B. Ely of Massachusetts and Francis P. Murphy of New 'Mac' Would Accept Washington Ilepre- ROlliUlvn A, L. Miller niild today he wire Genoml Douglas MacArthur would ac- cept tbe Republican presidential nomination. "The general would certainly be the candidate of the Miller told his colleagues. "He is not controlled by spe- cial Interests and he might even be opposed by political parties. Hampshire in proposing the su- preme allied commander of Japan as the Democratic nominee. Curley was asked whether .he plans to start a move at the Phila- delphia convention to substitute MacArthur for Truman. -I don't think It will be neces- sary he replied to a reporter. "The country is doing it now." MacArthur has been mentioned most frequently as a possible G.O.P. nominee. In that connection, a campaign committee was organized in New York Wednesday "to boom Mac- Arthur to the end that the people demand he be nominated for presi- dent." Warren Wright of Chicago, acting leader of the group, said no pledged delegates will be sought. Instead, he added, the committee will reply on a nation-wide poll three weeks before the G.O.P. convention to convince party leaders that Mac- Arthur is the people's choice. Meanwhile the Ku Klux Klan, in another phase of the Dixie re- bellion, carried its burning torch to Wrlghtsville, Ga.. where only one Negro approached the polls In a county primary election. Grand Dragon Dr. Samuel Green told the hooded gathering that if the civil righte program is enacted federal bayonets will be used again to enforce equality. If that hap- pens, he sold, "blood will flow." Congressional action on the con- troversial program was momentar- ily halted. The Senate calendar is crowded with other matters. And Speaker Joseph Martin (R.-Mass.) told a reporter he docs '-not see how the House, either, can get around to acting on a pending antilynching bill for another month. But another G.O.P. leader, who asked that his name not be used, said: "We will pass it eventually. It's a matter of timing." New York's Governor Thomas E, Dewey blasted the Truman admin- istration today in a telegram to his supporters in Wisconsin, where he and Stassen will tangle with MacArLhur In another primary April 0, driver th kV er And supporters of Henry A. allVCl Ull.lK.fJ I1L1 word big letters in fishing trip to add A. snow. Later Kilcheskl went to an fourth plane to the searching party, open stream nearby and hooked a. small lake trout which, with a loaf of bread retrieved from the wreck- age, was their only food for the four days. The nsh was boiled in the metal case of an electric lantern, Green said. When no planes were sighted, the two decided, to try to walk to a cabin they knew was on the lake- shore. Tuesday night they made two miles through snow averaging three feet deep and added another mile Wednesday. Both they bedded clown on boughs beside a lire. Brother Gets Alarmed Paul Kllchcski, brother of Allen, became alarmed Tuesday when he failed to return and tramped 2C Van Ettcn spotted the plane's wreckage and the "help" sign and, following the men's trail, found them near exhaustion three miles away. He landed 011 a nearby lake and, with Paul Kilcheski who had accompanied him, went to the aid of the two. Green, weakened from Injuries, exposure and lack of food, was flown to a lumber camp near Flanders. Ont., and second and third trips were made for the two Kilcheskls. At the camp, Green's condition was decided to be so critical tie had to be taken out Immediately so Van Ettcn llew him in. The two broth- ers were to be taken to Flanders to catch a train for Fort Prances. idea Is crazy. He says "courteous drivers are a threat to our way of life." But if the traffic commission takes this idea seriously, Califor- nia pedestrians will be getting a sporting chance. Thc drivers will have to let them step into the street before they go after them. They'll probably start new rules. You won't be able to plunge into 11 crowd haphazardly. You'll have U> call your shots. I did hear of one guy who thinks It's vlght for a driver to be polite. In fact, he chased a blonde in a convertible for .ten miles just so he could tip his hat. But I think it's a good idea to give out bonuses 1'or being consid- erate to other drivers. Of course, a lot of people will get paid Just for staying home. who also is the administration with his third party movement scheduled seven state conventions to gain formal back- Labor Head Who Denied Being Red Guilty of Perjury Washington Convicted of lying when he denied being a com- munist, Milwaukee Labor Leader Harold Christoffcl today faces a pos- sible 60-year prison term. Actual sentencing will be delayed however, until motions for a new trial are argued early next week. The six-count perjury Indictment on which christoffcl was found guil- ty by a federal court Jury Wednes- day grow out or testimony be- lore the Houso labor committee. ChristoHcl told the committee on March 1, 1947, that he was not then and never had been a communist or had communist connections. The Jury of eight men. and lour women was out five hours before re- turning its verdict of gtnlty on each of the six counts. The penalty lor perjury in the District of Columbia is two to ten years on each count. Christoffel was committed to jal immediately after his conviction. He previously had been at liberty under bond. O. John Rogge. chief defense law- yer told a reporter that if the plea for a new trial Is denied he will ap- peal to the tJ. S. court of appeals and, if this fails, to tho Supreme court. Some dozen witnesses testlflet during the two and a half week trla that Christoffel, former president of the Allls-Chalmcrs local 248 of the C.I.O. United Auto Workers, fre- quently associated with high Com- munist party officials. Louis F. Budenz, former, managing editor of the Communist Worker and presently an associate professor at Fordham university said flatly that Christoffel was communist. Wedemeyer, MacArthur Join in Plea Administration Plan Gives Only Economic Aid Washlnrton Lieutenant General Albert C. wedemcyer told Congress today that, the United States must back up economic aid abroad with military support if communism Is to be stopped In China and elsewhere. Wedemeyer. who is director of plans and operations Tor the army, iesttfled before the House foreign affairs committee. The committee Is considering a proposed 000 economic old program lor China. "We arc going to pay in blood if proper steps are not, token by Americt to stop the spread of com- Wedemeyer said. Wedemeyer said would have helped China im- measurably" two years ago. he added, -I don't think I would recommend in aid to China unless there were military aid to protect that Experienced in China. The committee asked the gen- eral's views because of his long ex- perience in China, During the war lie commanded the China theater lor n. time and was chief of sUS to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Wedemeyer went to China last summer as President Truman's spe- cial representative. But the find- ings he submitted upon his return were never made public. The State department ruled that to do so might be "actually harm- ful" to both this country and China. Representative Judd a member of the House committee, told reporters he Is convinced that Wedcmcyer's views conflict with, those of Secretory of State Mar- shall. Marshall himself spent ft year in China as Mr. Truman's personal envoy before taking over the cabinet post. The committee already has learn- ed that the views of General DOUR- 1ns MncArthur on help for nt oddx with Uiono of ihull Mid President. The administration program now before Congress culls only for eco- nomic help for China, -It no guns, ammunition or other mili- tary assistance for the government troops battling communist forces. But MacArthur, in statement cabled to the House group from. Tokyo Wednesday, asserted that "underlying all issues in China is now the military problem." The supreme commander did not refer directly to Marshall's plea to the Chinese to broaden their own Nor did he mention Kroetz Sees Rapid Red Expansion If Aid Fails San Francisco John T Kmetz, assistant secretory ol labor predicted todny that all Of wcstcn Europe would be under communisn within a year unless an aid plan Is adopted promptly. Here for an observance of the 35th anniversary of the dcpartmcn of labor, Kmetz said in an Inter- view: "If the Marshall plan is not puc into quick operation, it. is bound to be tills way If the Russians main- tain their momentum. In Chicago, the C.I.O. United Auto Workers, who oppose Wallace announced a plan to form n "genuine progressive political party" alter the November elections. Vandenberg Entered On Nebraska Ballot Lincoln, Neb. The request of Senator Arthur Vandenbcrg (R.- Mich.) that his name be kept off Nebraska's April 13 Republican presidential preferential ballot was desrcffardcd. A bipartisan committee headed by Raymond A. McConnell, Jr., of Lincoln filed the petition for Van- denberg Wednesday. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and fair tonight and Friday. Continued rather cold. Low tonight ten in thc city, eight in rural areas; high Fri- day 26. 'Minnesota Partly cloudy and continued cold tonight. Friday most- ly cloudy with occasional light snow and rising temperatures north and west portions. cloudy tonight Friday mostly cloudy 'with scattered light snow northwest portion. No decided change In temperature. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 29; minimum, 3; noon 21; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pep. Bemldji ...........30 Chicago 28 Denver............. 26 DCS Molnes ........27 Duluth 23 International Falls 30 Kansas City........30 Los Miami 80 Mpls.-St. Paul 27 New Orleans .......67 Seattle 51 Phoenix Washington Winnipeg G2 54 13 24 12 13 6 22 47 75 8 CO 32 34 36 .03 o. .02 .33 Mr. Truman's assertion that no American aid can substitute for 'the necessary action that can bo taken only by tile Chinese govern- ment." But MacArthur told thc House committee It Is "infinitely" more important to support China "against destructive forces which threaten her cngulfmcnt" than it is to bring about "internal reform." He added: "The Chinese problem is part of a global situation which should be considered in its entirety in the orientation of American policy. "If we embark upon a general policy to bulwark the frontiers of freedom against the assaults of political despotism, one major frontier is no less important than another, and a decisive breach of any will Inevitably threaten to en- gulf all." China has been getting some American military in thc form of planes and aircraft this assistance was halted for a. time on Marshall's order. A number of Republican law- makers have insisted Uiat it is not what China needs is guns and bullets for her ground soldiers. MacArthur did not specify types, but he said shipments of surplus American military supplies have been resumed to China. And hs added: "Additional material support should be measured in equitable relation to such global aid as may be determined upon in thc orien- tation of American policy, without underrating the strategic Importance to us, as- to thc world, of a free and peaceful China." General Meyers Denied Recess WaKhlngton Attorneys for Major General Bennett E. Meyers failed today In an effort to get a two weeks' recess in his federal court trial. Judge Alexander Holtzoff denied the motion. He ruled that once a trial Jury begins hearing the case no temporary adjournment is al- lowed. Meyers is being tried on charges that he persuaded Blcrlot W. La- marre to lie at a Senate inquiry last fall into the general's wartime busi- ness deals. Lamarrc has testified that he falsely denied to senators on Mey- er's instructions that Meyer received wartime profits from a Day- ton, Ohio, plane ports firm, the Aviation Electric Company. Government attorneys said La- marrc's wife. Mildred, would be the next witness. Meyers has claimed that she once was his "girl but she has denied this. ;