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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, March 02, 1953

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 2, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Snow Tonight, Tuesday Drizzle And Warmer clvi VOLUME 53, NO. 11 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY 2, 1953 SIXTEEN PAOB Wet Wind-Blown Snow ushered in March in St. Louis Sunday with a Weather Bureim forecast for about a 5-inch snowfall. Occasional sleet and freezing rain also was forecast as a bad- weather belt covered central Missouri and extended eastward into Illinois. This scene shows St. Louisians leaving a mid-town church. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Jap House Moves To Oust Premier TOKYO Japanese House today threatened to overthrow Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida's staunchly pro-American govern- ment because the aging but .peppery statesman rival "stupid idiot." called a political Ike Calls on U.S. To Back Red Cross WASHINGTON HI President Eisenhower has asked the nation to contribute in money and blood to help the Red Cross do its job this year. In remarks recorded last week for television and radio broadcast yesterday, Eisenhower called the relief organization "one of the free institutions which has5 helped make this country great." He said it is serving nearly service- men, including many in Korea. The Red Cross is seeking 93 million dollars and five millipn pints of blood this year for its program of aid to servicemen and civilians. Andresen Plans Full Inquiry on Dairy Situation By RICHARD P. POWERS WASHINGTON A full in- quiry into the dairy situation will get under way about the middle of March, Rep. August Andersen today. Andresen recently was named to head an 11-man House Agriculture Subcommittee. One of the major points to be studied will be the effect of foreign imports on the domestic dairy, industry, he said, of March. Rep. August Andresen that recent heavy imports of whole milk powder has increased the necessity of the government going into the market to buy butter and other dairy products to keep up the prjces. Milk Powder TODAY CAB Rulins Carried to Eisenhower By JOSEPH AND STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON President Ei- senhower, fresh from the ivory tower of military life, was un- doubtedly wholly unprepared for the tremendous business-political pressures which rage about the White House. Already, he should have learned better. For when ob- scure government decisions by obscure men can transform the profit pictures of whole industries, these pressures are inevitable. Take what is known as "the Bal- boa case." This case involves a decision by the Civil Aeronautics Board on which domestic air lines will hook up with which air line serving South Amerira, in order to provide through services from do- mestic points. Two air line Air Lines and Pan to join together for this purpose. If this happened, the smaller com- petitors oi these two great lines would be placed, to put it mildly, in a most difficult competitive posi- tion. Two of these competitors are National Air Lanes and Braniff Air Lines, which also firve South America. White House Battle Last year, the CAB unanimously ruled that Eastern was to join Braniff for the South American service, while National was to hook up with Pan American. This of course delighted National and Braniff, particularly the latter, which would have been threatened with destruction if its giant com- petitor in the South American service. Pan American, had been married to Eastern for the through run. After this ruling, a curious game of battledore and shuttlecock started between the White House and the CAB. White House cronies John Steel- man and Mat Connelly intervened with President Truman. The Pres- ident sent the decision back to the board, with a request for recon- sideration. Again, the board voted unanimously to sustain its own de- cision, and sent the decision back to the White House for Truman's signature. The decision was then pigeon-holed in the White House, where it stayed from mid-summer of last year until just before the inauguration this year. Baiic Principle Then Truman sent it back un- signed a second time and the board voted the same way a third time. So now the decision rests with President Eisenhower. A tre- mendous outburst of particularly energetic lobbying around the White House and the CAB has re- sulted, What is at stake is not only the pattern of power in a great indus- The House, in a move unprecedented in Japanese politics, sent to a censure committee a motion to reprimand the 74-year-old Prime Minister. If the committee recommends Revere Yoshida loses the ensuing vote in the he almost certainly would be forced to resign. Some political observers feel he will resign any- way. After today's vote, which went against him 191-162, Yoshida called an emergency meeting of the Cab- inet Heated Exchange In a heated exchange on the House floor Saturday, Yoshida blurted out "bakayaro" (stupid idiot) at Eiichi Nishimura, a Right Wing, Socialist. Yoshida apologized almost immediately. But the touchy House jumped on the issue, forcing today's vote. The result was a face-losing defeat for the man who charted Japan's course through the end of the Allied occupation and into its present independence. Even some of his own Liberal party turned against him. Many members refused to vote, letting the minority opposition push the censure motion through. The next move is up to the com- mittee. It could recommend any- thing from a verbal spanking to expulsion from the Diet (parlia- ment.) Any recommendation will have to be voted on by the House. It was possible that the commit- tee will simply sit on the motion. A majority of the committee mem- bers are regarded as pro-Yoshida Liberals. Although the crisis erupted over a relatively minor issue, a political storm has been blowing up around Yoshida. "In 1950 imports of whole milk powder totaled only Andresen said. "But in 1952 they soared to about 40 million pounds. This had a major effect on butter- fat sales in this country." Stating that former Secretary of Agriculture Brannan had imposed an import quota of about six mil- lion pounds for the first quarter of this year, Andresen said he will ask Secretary of Agriculture Ben- son to flatly bar future imports of whole mflk powder. Andresen said he approved Ben- son's announcement that he will continue for one year to support dairy prices at 90 per cent of parity, said: that decision rested upon assuracce'by-fie dairy indus- try that it would work out during the year ahead a program that would require less government aid. Andresen said the subcommittee inquiry will be a "factual hearing to see just what the dairy situa- St. Paul Police Hunt 3 Daring Daylight Robbers Bandits Stick Up Dairy for In Well-Laid Plan ST.. PAUL UK A trio of carefu precise gunmen who got about 000 in a daring daylight robbery were being hunted by St. Pau police today. Following what appeared to be well 4aid-out plan, -the three un masked men walked into the fron door of Sanitary Farm "Dairie Sunday, climbed three flights o stairs to the business offices, am surprised 25 milkmen and thre office workers who were counting week end receipts. The men split up, each handling a particular assignment. One forced office worker MarL Ludwig into a small room where the safe was kept. He looted tin safe, which was 'open. Stocking Currency The second gunman startlec Mrs. Corrine Robinson in the glassed-in cashier's cage as she was stacking currency. Armed with a long-barreled .38 caliber gun the man grabbed the stacks o: bills and stuffed them into a flan nel bag. When he got to the rolls of coins he grumbled, "I might as wel take this too." Although he took no money, the third gunman displayed cool cour age as he walked into the large room where the 25 milkmen were sitting at three long tables counting their day's collections. Walking to a corner of the room, the man whipped out a Luger pistol and said, "Okay boys, please move over to one table and no one will get hurt." The startled milkmen complied. For several minutes the gunman remained in the corner. He said nothing but smiled calmly while keeping a close watch on the milk- men. He ignored at least which had been counted onto toe tables. Apparently working on a system- atic time table, the gunmen later converged and left the building to- gether. They walked out the saine they the front doori tion Dairy Industry try. A basic principle is also at stake. The government can sup- port the big companies which are (Continutd on Page 5, Column 5.) ALSOPS Major Opposition The three major opposition par- Rightist Social- ists and Leftist Socialists lasj week made one of their rare agreements: To combine forces and attempt to overthrow Yoshida's government. They based their opposition on three controversial bills which Yo- shida is backing. The bills would upset the occupation reform of the Japanese police system and reunite it in a nationwide body, limit polit- ical activities of teachers and ban strikes in public utilities. The opposition combine doesn't have enough votes to topple Yo- shida but hopes to pick up support from his own Liberals. The sharp-tongued Premier has nettled a substantial number of Liberals with his iron-handed rule. About 50 are in almost open revolt Unless they get back into the least Yo- shida government may be doomed. Tax Relief Sought For Small Business WASHINGTON busi- ness and industry are beset by "a crushing burden" of taxes and should be granted some relief, the Senate Small Business Committee said yesterday. But it did not recommend when such tax cuts should be made, or what size they should be. The committee, 'in a report to Results of the investigation will decide recommendations for action to-be made to the dairy industry itself, coupled .with any necessary legislation, Andresen said. He said tentative plans call for the subcommittee to hold hearings in Wisconsin Minnesota and Iowa. The Minnesotan said that he be- lieves dairy prices should be sup- ported at 90 per cent of parity as long as the government supports the prices of the six cotton, corn, tobacco, rice and pea- that figure. Pope Observes 77th Birthday VATICAN CITY Pius XII today quie.tly celebrated his 77th birthday and the 14th anni- versary of his election to St. Peter's Throne. The Pontiff is still convalescing from an attack of influenza and bronchial pneumonia. Although the Vatican took no official note of the twin anniver- sary, many of the world's leaders and thousands of the church's faithful did. Thousands of con- gratulatory telegrams were pour- ing in from around the globe. ..aft in, -E. GteRieflej, 'company president, estimated' that about; was taken. He said about half of it was in checks but the rest was in currency. Milkman Richard Kensler, 24 said he recognized one of the gun men as a man who confronted him in the. building last Wednes day and asked the way out. The man apparently had come to size up the dairy's layout. Benson Orders Canadian Cattle Embargo Lifted WASHINGTON ur> Secretary of Agriculture Benson today signed an order opening U. S. borders to imports of Canadian cattle, sheep and other domestic animals and their products, effective imme- diately. Imports had been barred for a year because of an outbreak of the dread foot and mouth disease in the province of Saskatchewan. Benson said the disease no longer exists in Canada. Officials said the action means that import conditions and regula- tions in effect before Feb. 25, 1952, when the embargo was put mercan one in Shouting Iranians carry Prince Ali Reza on their shoulders in Tehran in front of the royal palace during riotous demonstrations against Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh, The rioters shouted "give us death or the Shah" during the demonstration in which they drove Mossadegh from his home. As demonstrations continued today, Mossadegh ordered the arrest of 70 retired and active army officers to Jain the upper hand in his war against the Shah's supporters. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) into effect, go back into operation. 'hree Austin Youths Dead in Crossing Crash Legislature In Better Shape Than in '52 By ADOLPH JOHNSON PAUL 1953 Minnesota Legislature, now at the half way mark, goes into its final eight weeks today in better shape, at least on paper, than the 1951 session. Minn. UP) A car The current Legislature has sent a total of 71 new laws to the gover- carrying five young persons from Austin, all in their 20's, smashed into the side of the engine of a moving freight-passenger train near here Saturday night, killing three and injuring the other two. Killed were James Archie Robi- Dandelet and Ruth son, Betty Fenske. Mildred Corbin was reported in a "very critical" condition at an Austin hospital while the condition of Irvin Tiegen Jr. was described as "fair." Authorities said the five were on their way to dinner at an eating place near Austin. The car apparently struck the side of the engine. The train, made up of passenger and freight cars, was bound for Austin from Madison, S. D. The accident occurred at a -cross- ing where a similar accident dur- ing the recent Christmas holiday season took the lives of a truck driver and his passenger. There is no flashing signal at the -crossing, authorities said. State Highway Department, Mow- er County and Austin city offi- cials' today called for immediate action by the Bureau of Public Roads on installation of a flasher signal at the Milwaukee Road crossing. nor and he has signed them all. This compares with only 34 at the same "stage two years ago. Nine hundred and eighty bills have been introduced in the Senate, compared with 846 two years ago, and ic the House, compared with 976. Getting bills in earlier gives more time for study and should help avoid a last minute jam. With most major legislation in, attention during the next few weeks shifts to committees studying the various proposals. An exception is Gov. Anderson's request for higher beer taxes to help balance the budget. While several bills for the higher iron ore taxes he asked have been of- fered, no measures to raise beer taxes have been introduced thus far. the Senate, said many big firms are nearing completion of defense contracts let after the Korean War began, and that small firms which hold subcontracts "will be the first to feel the. cutbacks." Three Young Persons from Austin died Sat- urday night when their car hit the side of the engine of a moving freight-passenger train netr here.' Killed were James Archie Robison, Betty Bandelet and Kuth Fenske, all in their 20's. (AP Photo) Sen. Henry Sullivan, St. Cloud, and Rep. Claude Allen, St. Paul, chairmen of the key committees to pass on appropriations requests, report their work is well along. Both committees expect to com- plete regular hearings this week and then turn to the business of considering special appropriations requests and making allowances. Rep. Allen plans to start night meetings to speed the work of his group. The Senate Finance Com- mittee has set a hearing for 3V m. Thursday on the state em- ployes' bill, the issue which pushed the Legislature into overtime two years ago. Bills thus far passed have been largely local and non-controversial. The big fights still lie ahead. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and snow tonight with slowly rising tempera- ture. Tuesday cloudy and warmer with occasional snow, changing to drizzle and rain. Low tonight 25, high Tuesday 36. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 32; minimum, noon, 19; precipitation, none. 3; Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today; Maximum, 28; minimum, 6; noon, 24; precipitation, 3 inches snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Cen. Observations) Max. temp. 25 at p.m. Sun- day, min. 19 at a.m. today. Noon readings sky overcast at feet, visibility 8 miles with light snow, wind 15 to 23 miles per hour from east, barometer 29.94 steady, humidify 67 per cent. Allies Will Win In Korea, Says Gen. Taylor By OLEN CLEMENTS SEOUL Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor expressed belief today the Communists will "sooner or later" tire of the Korean iVar and that the Allies "will win no matter how long it takes." He declared that a major offen- sive by Chinese Nationalists against the Red China mainland would ease the pressure on his Eighth Army forces in Korea. However, Nationalist authorities on Formosa have said such an offensive could not be launched without U. S. or Allied naval and air support. Taylor, in his first interview since taking command of the Eighth Army 2 weeks ago, said he is confident his forces could withstand any Communist offensive in Korea. He added that his troops are in the strongest entrenched positions of any army since World War I. "We are sitting, waiting, and it may take a long time, but I am confident we will win no matter how long it he said. "The enemy sooner or later will grow tired." He expressed satisfaction with the Republic of Korea troops. He said more ROK units would be added to the Eighth Army as officers became avail- able. omes Iran Crowds Hurl Rocks at U.S. j. Embassy Cars Mossadegh Mobs Gaining Upper Hand in Tehran By WILTON WYNN TEHRAN, Iran HV-Mobs shout- ing anti-American slogans stoned U. S. cars and homes today as riots continued in Iran's capital. Premier M o h a m nr e d Mossa- supporters appeared to be gaining the upper hand in the demonstrations which have alter- nately assailed and defended the aged nationalist leader. Crowds hurled rocks at Ameri- can! homes on Roosevelt Aye., at Jie S. embassy's administra- ivej counselor Laurence C. Frank, and! at cars driven by embassy attache Warren Silver and by a secretary, Betty White. None of them was hurt. One Iranian student was stabbed to death in a fight between Mossa- degh supporters and members of the outlawed Communist Tudeh party trying to join a demonstra- tion backing the premier. The enraged mob, carried the body of the student A Mossa- degh follower to the Parliament Square and paraded it: above the crowd, which swelled to an esti- mated Police dispersed it by shooting into the air and firing tear gal bursts. Anti-American Outbreak At the anti-American outbreak, .Point Four and consular in the city were closed and em- bassy, personnel was ordered to keep off the streets. Mossadegh, meanwhile, moved to re-establish his hold on the gov- ernment's reins after the mob attack on his home Saturday which sent him dashing in pajamas for the traditional sanctuary ot the Parliament Building. The government arrested .70 army officers 65 retired and five on the active list and ac- cused them of inciting the demon- strators against the government Mossadegh also fired his army chief of staff, Gen. Mahmud Ba- harznast, accusing him of not acting promptly to check the anti- government rioters. These continued today an anti- Mossadegh mob raided the head- quarters of the pro-Mossadegh Iran party and smashed furniture and windows but generally demonstrations were in support of the premier. Replacing the weekend cry of "death or the the out- pouring of pro-Mossadegh dsmon- strators around the Parliament Building today screamed "death or the same battle cry which has helped avert previous threats to the premier's hold oh the government reins. The attack on Mossadegh's home and the subsequent erupted after an announcement that Shah Mohammed Reza Pah- levi, with whom the premier has been on the outs lately, was about to leave the country. At the demon- stration, the ruler said he had planned to go only for his health but was canceling the trip. Most schools were closed today and an estimated or students marched through the city, carrying huge pictures premier and screaming him. Security Forces Security forces in jeeps of the slogans and "Like our own army in the United States, the South Korean Army is top heavy with lieutenant colonels and up, but there is> a shortage of the company and pla- toon leadership type of officer, which we are rapidly developing in the Korean he added. About two-thjrds of the 155-mile battlefront is manned by ROKs. Wholesale Purging Of Jews Reported ATHENS, Greece reaching Salonika by' way of the Greek border town "of Kastoria today said wholesale and relent- less and-Jewish'persecution now is rife in Communist Albania, The reports said the arrest of every Jew in the country has been ordered. trucks patroled the tiff to main- tain- order. There has been an undercurrent of trouble between the ruler and the premier for some time. It came to the surface last month when Mossadegh openly accused the pal- ace of intriguing against him. The premier first threatened to resign but after a four-hour meet- ing with the shah last Tuesday announced that an understanding had been reached. The shah's trip abroad apparently was a part of their agreement. Food Prices Seen To Remain Stable WASHINGTON will be fairly stable, at an average level slightly below 1952( for the rest of this. year, the government; forecast Sunday. The Bureau of Agricultural EOK, comics, in a review of the picture, said food consumption probably continue at about same volume as in the past several years. :1 Larger supplies of beef and veal, and less pork, were predicted. T ;