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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 2, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COLDER TONIGHT FAIR THURSDAY SUPPORT YOUR Y.M. VOLUME 49, NO. 12 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 2, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES om Ci ircies Nonstop Russ Ignore Ouster Order The Alsops U. S. Wins Stalemate In Europe By Joseph Alsop Washington In the long night of a transatlantic air journey, it is not easy for the returning travel- er to sort out positive conclusions. Random impressions float too in- sistently through the pale beauty of a sunny winter day in Rome the ex- treme oddity cf spats, when worn by a belligerent Yugoslav commis- dreary reminder, in an evening with the occupiers of Germany, of tentious little colonial dinner party In Rangoon before the war. One conclusion none the less) standa out, even in the stuffy murkj of the airplane cabin. In Europe, stalemate has been reached in the I world struggle between the West) and the Soviet empire. And this Is trus because the Soviet power drive to capture Western Europe has been decisively frustrated. It is tempting to forget the mag- nitude of this event, and to argue that the Soviet drive westward was always bound to fall anyway, be- cause the Kremlin was not yet ready to employ the red army. But the truth Is that only 15 short months ago. the fate of Western Europe balanced on a knife edge. If the United States had not then held out a helping hand, the boldest Italian leaders have confessed to this correspondent that they would have lost the heart to resist the communists. In that event, Italy would have been lost. After a longer or shorter Interlude of dictatorship of the right, France would have gone also. And a whole long, ter- (Contlnued on Pare 8, Column 1.) ALSOPS Wisconsin Bill Asks Run-off Elections Madison Legislation pro- viding for run-off elections for Just- Ice of the state supreme court- and superintendent of public instruction was recommended yesterday by the assembly elections committee. The proposal, already passed by the senate, now faces assembly consideration. The committee also voted pas- sage for an assembly bill which set up permanent machinery for conducting primary elections prior to the April balloting when three or more candidates enter the high court and school races. FRANKFURT BUILDING BLOCKADED Eight Russian Soldiers, Families Remain Inside A TJ. S. Air Force B-50 bomber, above, comes to a halt on the ramp at Carswell Air Force base in Fort Worth, Texas, today after completing a flight around the .world. Crowd in foreground waits to greet the crew who had been In the air over 90 hours. Below, Air Sec- retary Stuart Symington, left, greets Captain James Gallagher, right, after Gallagher brought the B-50 down today at Fort Worth, Texas, following the first round-the-world flight of an airplane. Center is General Hoyt Vandenberg. (A.P. Wire- photo to The Republican-Her- ald.) TJ. S. Military Policemen are shown outside Russian repatria- tion mission In Frankfurt, Germany, today. Four Russian officers and four soldiers and their families are in the mission. Water, gas and electricity has been cut off and the telephones disconnected in the bloodless siege, and food has been shut off by orders to M. P.s to arrest anyone trying to enter or leave the building. (A.P. Wire- photo by radio from Frankfurt to The Republican-Herald.) Cominform Planning Military Alliance By A..I. Goldberg Prague, Cominform may be getting ready to hatch a military alliance to match the North Atlantic pact. Reports from Poland said a Cominform military conference has been called for about March 15 in Hungary, possibly at Debrecen. Re-1 liable sources in Warsaw were quoted as saying the defense chiefs of wood, Frankfurt provost marshal, By Richard O'Regan Frankfurt, Germany Armed military police today block- aded a Russian mission which re- fused American orders to leave the U.S. zone of Germany. Supplies of water, gas and elec- tricity were cut off and telephones disconnected in the bloodless siege of the Russian repatriation mission here. Food was shut off by orders to M.-P.'s to arrest anyone trying to enter the building or leave it. Four officers and four soldiers (and their families are In the mls- jsion. No one knows how much food they had. I A Russian officer, apparently from the Soviet military tried to enter the house, but was] turned away by an M.P. I The mission had been arranging; return of 'displaced persons to Bus-] sia. Russians Protest General Luclous D, Clay, Ameri- can military governor, on February 16 asked the mission to leave byi March 1 because the number of! DP's now agreeing to return to Russia is negligible. He said the I regular Russian military mission! could handle the work, and lifted i the credentials of the repatriation mission. Sparta, Wis. District At- The Russians protested vehe- to William J. Gleiss said yes- mently and denounced the order as i a violation of the Yalta and Pots- terday he nad asked for a rehearing on a court order-for a mental ex- amination of James Jackson, 21, of Tomah, charged with murdering his father. Circuit Judge R. S. Cowle earlier had authorized examination on pe- tition of Jackson's attorney, Quincy Hale of La crosse. The test was to In given at the University of Wis- Rehearing Asked On Mental Check ForTomahMan dam agreements. The U.S. Army set a deadline of 'last midnight for the Russians to leave. But forceful measures were not planned. General Clay said "As long as they don't want to get out of the house, we are in no hurry about lonely Hearts' Slayers Confess Three Killings getting them .out." The Russians remained house and at midnight the big yel-j low building was a blaze of light. U.S. Call Ignored At about 8 a.m. this morning, a platoon of American military headed by Colonel Sterling the eastern European countries were expected to review their military preparations. The announced purpose of thfi) Cominform (Communist Interna- tional Information bureau) is llmlt- !ed to propaganda. It is an organ- jization of the communist parties 'of Russia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, France and Italy, and was organ- ized October 5, 1947 to fight the Marshall plan and "U. S. Imperial- Ism." ._, A little over a month ago, how- Grand Rapids, Mich. 0P) ever_ a paraljel economic organ- The law moved today against the Economic Council for mail order Romeo and his Aid was formed he did object to requiring Sheriff Hans R. Biegel to be responsible for Jackson's custody during the five- day examination period. left American military post head- Jackson will be tried on a first de- quarters and went to the mission, j gree murder charge at the next term (located in the heart of circuit court, which opens March consin. Gleiss said he had no objection Six Major Changes Suggested in VA By Vern Haujland Hoover commission, today proposed "major Improvements" in the operation of the Veterans administration. It laid special emphasis on tightening VA education and insurance programs. The commission reported poor management and waste in the educa- tion setup, inefficiency and delay to liandling insurance problems and "serious internal organizational defects" In the. Agency as a whole. In the ninth of its series of 15 reports to Congress, the govern- ment reorganization group headed by former President Herbert to an examination of Jackson but I Hoover offered six recommenda- Arnerican community, When they arrived at the bulld-jther, Lionel, 20, testified he saw ing, Wood pounded on the front I James standing with a gun over tions for Improving the V.A. set- up. The result, It said, would be "considerable savings." It did not mention an amount. The commission said the agency should separate its Insurance pro- gram from its other functions and J21. At a preliminary hearing his bro-j set them up in a veterans insur- door and then the rear gates. He was ignored. their father's body In the kitchen of then- home January 24. ,Un, confederate In a ehastly story ofiby Russia. Bulgaria, Hungary, The senate-approved bill was in a ghastly story ot Romanias and Czechoslo- nmnrl O fl 11 t InTlM V PI PS TO (Ttf __ _ _ __ 2-Month Filibuster Longest in History of the Cominform coun- tries except France and Italy, where noncommunist governments are in power, and Yugoslavia, has been expelled. signed to cope with a current sit- a "lonely hearts" racket, uation where ten candidates have! Three two women and; entered the court race and eightja small in the back- have announced for the superin-jground. tendency. Facing murder charges Were The bill for permanent election swarthy, balding Raymond Marti- machinery would supercede z Fernandez, 34, called emergency legislation stocky If- calls for a run-off election in e-marrietl if no candidate received 50 per of the total votes. Tiie two can-; dldates with the highest number ofj votes would be final runoff. Opponents contended the run-off McManon sajd he would ask! the Marshall plan, would be expensive, would not degree murder charges1 conducive to a large vote turnout and his girl! At that time it was predicted stocky' Martha Beck, 29.iby some observers that a parallel and military organization also would divorcee children. be formed. C. McMahon The purpose of ECMA, Moscow had made "full confes-announced, was to foster economic 1 told freely of incorp-j cooperation. It had become evident .orating murder in an "easylthat stronger measures than pro- money" fleecing of lonely were necessary to match and would force at least two can- didates to conduct extra campaigns they had not anticipated. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy and slightly colder tonight with low 22. Thursday generally fair; no important temperature change; high 36. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 39; minimum, 18; noon, 39; precipitation, none: sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mta. Prec Chicago 35 26 Denver 49 27 Des Moines .......36 24 Duluth 24 22 Int. Falls 20 Kansas City .......41 30 Los Angeles 64 50 Miami 68 57 Mpls.-St. Paul 33 30 Trace New Orleans .......50 47 .04 New York .........37 23 Seattle 59 44 Phoenix 69 37 Washington 37 27 Winnipeg 29 3 The biggest task of any comin- (Continned on Page 11. Column 1.) form alliance would be to integrate LONELY HEARTS or standardize weapons, ammuni- jtion and equipment. By Jack Rutledge If the three- day-old senate filibuster sets a new record for length, you'll be dancing "round a Maypole when it ends. The longest filibuster on record was in 1846. It lasted two months. What was all the talking about? An act placing Oregon under sov- ereignty of the United States! So the present talkathon by Dixie lawmakers, in its third day today, will have to continue to May 1 if it tops the all-time record. This lists some earlier filibusters, those that made records and those that made history, but first some- thing about the filibuster: The traditional unlimited debate Raymond Martinez Fernandez, 34, left, and Mrs. Martha Beck, 29, right, are held in Grand Rapids, Mich., confessed slayers of Mrs. Delphine Downing, a young widow, and her three-year-old daughter, Ralnelle. Bodies of the victims were found buried in fresh concrete in the basement of their borne In Byron Center. Fernandez shows off his wig, left, purchase of which aroused Mrs. Downing's suspicions that he was a fortune hunter. At the right a police official confronts Mrs. Beck with the murder weapon. Fernandez, in New York, became acquainted with Mrs. Downing through a 'lonely hearts" advertisement in a magazine, and Mrs. Beet, posing as bis sister, accompanied him to Grand Eapids. dates back to the birth of the na- tion. It can be used in the Senate, but not the House. Under present rules any Senator may, under cs tain conditions, talk either himself or a bill to death. The Senator who talked longest without stopping, was Senator Ro- bert M. La Follette, Sr. of Wiscon- sin. Back In 1908 he talked more than 18 hours against a currency bill. He lost. The fabulous Kingflsh Huey P. Long of Louisiana, whose son Is now a Senator, probably was second. Huey Long talked 15 and a hall hours in 1935, battling for the Na- tional Industrial Recovery Act. He read the Bible, offered advice on love affairs, quoted Victor Hugo and even told how to fry oysters and make pot likker. Although the longest filibuster was in 1946 the longest continuous filibuster that Is, without recess- In 1915. Several Senators kept the Senate in session from noon February 8 until p. m. February 10. One ol the most spectacular re- cent filibusters Involved the man who ran with Henry A. Wallace on the progressive ticket last year Democratic Senator Taylor of Ida- ho. Taylor and Senator Langer (R- NJD.) filibustered against the peace- time draft. They lost after 17 hours and two minutes on June 19, 1948. The year before, Taylor teamed with Senators Morse (R-Ore.) to filibuster an effort to override Pre- sident Truman's veto of the Taft- Hartley labor act. The Senate was in session 30 hours and 52 minutes, longest in 20 years., A 42-day talkathon against repeal of the silver purchase act took place in 1893. A Panama Canal tolls bill was debated lor 30 days in 1914. Both filibusters failed. Some won, some lost, and that brings up the question: Do fili- busters uusally achieve their end? In other words, do. they ance corporation. It said the V.A. program of guar- anteeing home loans for veterans should be turned over to the Fed- eral Housing and Home Finance agency. And it suggested that the V.A. set up its own list of certified schools, in addition to state lists of "accredited and that it refuse to pay G.I. tuition to any school not on its list. One of Top Spenders The commission pointed out that In the year which ends June 30, 1950, the Veterans administration will spend 11 per cent of the total national bud- get and more than any other fed- eral agency except the military establishment and the Treasury de- partment. "While the administrator of vet- erans affairs enjoys broader ad- ministrative direction In organiz- ing his agency than most Import- ant government officials, serious Internal organizational defects still the group said, and pro- posed a general streamlining to overcome the flaw. It found that the federal govern- ment has too little control over the quality of the training provided veterans In many schools. In some instances, it said, gov- (Contlnned on Page 11, Column 3.) HOOVER One Man Dead In Hotel Fire At Rock Island Rock Island, HL One man died and three other persons were Injured In a fire which swept three top floor rooms of the Harms hotel shortly after midnight today. The dead man was listed on the hotel register as Russell Darnell, 46, of Davenport, Iowa. The in- jured are Orville C. Wells, 41, of Lacon, Dl., Edwin P. Scherer, Des Moines, Iowa, and Frances Gilmore, 30, Indianapolis, Ind. Their condition was described as not serious. Scherer, who has only one leg, hobbled 100 feet through a hall and escaped down a ladder set up by firemen. The artificial leg he left in his room was recovered by {Ire- men. New Dim Plans 2 More Churches New Ulm, more new- churches are planned in New Ulm. The city council last night approved proposed sites, In residen- tial areas, for structures planned by the Assemblies of God and Our Sav- iour Lutheran congregations. The Redeemer Lutheran and St. John's Lutheran congregations completed new churches here In 1948. Flight Made In Four Days Refueled in Air At Various Bases On Long Route Fort Worth, Air Force bomber today completed the first nonstop flight around the The B-50 superfort Lucky Lady n, carrying a crew of 14, arrived over Carswell Air Pores base today leu than four after it left the same field. It refueled four times in its historic eastward night. Unofficial elapsed time for the world-girdling trip was hours, one minute; an average speed of 239 miles per hour. It was officially estimated that the Lucky Lady n flew stat- ute miles from its takeoff in Port Worth around the world nonstop and returning to Carswell Air Force base. The world-girdling bomber took off from Carswell base at a. m., February 28. It landed to- day at a. m. It headed eastward, first re- fueling point at the Azores Island! about miles away. The next flying gas station was Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, miles from the -Azores. The third refueling point wu above the Philippines, a, trip. Longest Hop Longest flight between tanker planes was from the Philippines to Hawaii, about miles. The last flll-up came over Ha- waii. From there to the Port Worth home field was a little more than miles. The Boeing B-50 Is the postwar successor of wartime B-20 Su- perfortress. Closely resembling the B-29 IB exterior appearance, the B-50 considerably more speed, rate ot climb, range and bomb-carrylnf ability. Powered with four Prat and Whit- ney engines, the B-50 has a top speed of about 400 miles an hour, a cruising speed around 300 and to feet., Its bomb capacity is stated at ten tons, Its maximum range News of Flight Pleases Father o. Commander Melrose, of the nonstop flight of an Air Force bomber around the world was doubly exciting today lor a 72-year-old retired railway en- gineer and his wile. For Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius Gallagher it was the first word of one of then- sons in two months. He 'is Captain James G. Gal- lagher, 28, pilot of the globe- girdling bomber. "We hadn't heard from him since before Christmas; we were getting pretty Gallag- her said. "We were counting on seeing him at Christmas. He was sup- posed to get a 30-day leave after finishing some technical training at Panama City, Fla. But all of a sudden they canceled It and. we never knew why." The elder Gallagher said he had a letter three weeks ago from his son's wife, Mary, from Washington, D. C. She was en route to Tucson, Ariz., but made no mention of what her husband was doing. "That's certainly some the pilot's lather said. "It was a great relief to us." The father said his son joined the Air Force In 1942 several years after finishing high school In this central Minnesota city of He flew 35 missions "over the hump" in the Chtoa-Bunna- India theater during, the war. Alter the war he was stationed at Tucson. The captain and his wife have a seven-months-old. No Limit on Flight Fort Worth, the chief pilot of the first plans to circle the earth without stop- ping: "It just means you can flj anywhere any time." Captain James Gallagher of Melrose, Minn., commander and pilot of the Lucky Lady n, gathered with his men in the Carswell Air base briefing room today a few minutes after they ended then- historic flight. Generals and colonels served hot coffee to the tired, happy filers. Gallagher summed up flight In answer to by newsmen. Asked if he would want to take another world trip imme- diately, Gallagher laughed and the crew joined in. "Just give us a little rest and well be all the flight commander said. Gallagher said the crew, which worked In shifts, slept well In Its off hours. (without In-flight refueling) at miles. Its wing span Is 141 feet, Its fuselage length 99 feet. The weight of the plane for normal takeoff Is about pounds. Normal crew Is made up of 13 men-and officers. Production of the B-50 was start- ed In 1944, but only within the last year have deliveries Increased to the point where operational outfits began receiving the bomber. Air Secretary Symington, disclos- ed plans a year ago for equipping the strategic air command with (Continued on Pige 14, Column 4.) BOMBER Wisconsin Senate Advances Co-op Anti-Strike Bill Madison, Wiscon- sin senate, by a 23-4 vote, passed and sent to the assembly today a bill which would put Wisconsin electric co-ops under the utility anti-strike law. Action came without debate after a long fight on another measure that would have repealed the Jaw. Proponents of the repealer meas- ure lost the first round in their el- fort to keep the bill alive. An attempt to send the bill back to committee lor further hearings on it and on a substitute" amend- ment failed by n 14 to 12 vote. Enough members of the Republican majority held together to kill the move despite charges of some sen- ators that action on nrooocal was being railroaded. ;