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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 1, 1949, Winona, Minnesota WARMER WITH LIGHT SNOW WEDNESDAY SUPPORT YOUR Y.M.CA. VOLUME 49, NO. 11 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 1, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY Russ Ordered Out of U.S. Zone Tax Collecting Staff May Be increased House Committee Approves Giving Treasury More Aid New. Orleans Drops Work For Annual Mardi Gras By Kris Kreeger New Orleans Hi New Orleans quit work today and played "let's pretend." It was Mardi Gras. For glorious hours the problems of the rest of the world, and of the other 365 days, were solved simply by making believe they didn't By William F. Arbojrast exist. Washington (.-P) Funds to hire! By scores of thousands, the cos- new tax enforcing workers j turned people stepped out of the normal humdrum lives into the new j i i_ TV were approved today by ths House characters of thelr appropriations committee. 1 fancy. The Treasury had asked for The carnival season has saying they were needed to avert celebrated since January 6 and been with "threat of a weakening in tax- the payer morale." But the committee thought other- wise and said that to add em-1 ployes would be to approach the] "point of diminishing returns" to! tax collections. (Committee records showed that the addition of enforcement workers would give the internal revenue about employes In all. There was no breakdown as to] how many of these would spend full time In the enforcement field.) Postage Rate Hike Asked At the same time, the committee called for a hike In postage rates, especially those on publications un- der second class permits. The committee's action was to a bill making annual direct appropriations to the Treas- ury and the Postofflce departments for the year starting next July 1. In addition, the committee ap- proved so-called permanent and un- controllable appropriations for the Treasury department amounting to an estimated These include interest on the public debt aud such items as the old-age and survivors' Insurance fund and the employment trust fund administer- .ed by the Treasury. Interest on the national debt Is esti- mated at The Treasury's share of fhe total direct appropriations recommended for next year is a cut of from budget requests. The recommended for the postal service is be- low what the President requested. The bill is carded for House de- bate Thursday and passage Friday. It has not yet been considered by the Senate. In rejecting the request for more enforcement workers, the com- mittee Intimated its belief that the full number requested might cost more than the benefits to be re- ceived. Enough To Do Job The committee said, however, it "feels that the average citizen of But today only, Mardi Gras, Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lent, the whole city Joins In a general holiday of public masking and frivolity. Visitors estimated roughly at joined the uncounted resi- dents who went out to have fun, or watch others having it. Monarch of the celebration Bex, king of carnival and lord of Lester P. Alexander, Industrialist and boat builder. His queen was a beautiful, petite debutante with blue eyes and light brown hair, Dolly Ann Souchon, daughter of Dr. and Mrs, Edmond Souchon. Traditional high point of the revelry was the passage of Rex's parade of mule-drawn, painted can- vas floats through the streets at mid-day. Then there were two long pro- cessions of decorated trucks. Each truck bore members of a club, fraternity or other group, costum- ed alike or according to a central theme. But the parades were only tech- nical reasons for the citizens to congregate in the streets, dancing, singing, strutting, pushing, stomp- ing, laughing at each other and at themselves. Tonight the celebration ends with a torchlit parade. Tomorrow Lent begins. Today's revelers will become worshippers at Ash Wednesday services. Freezing Weather Hits Southland By The Associated Press Freezing weather hit parts of the southland today, threatening dam- age to Georgia the and rich peach crop In South Carolina. The chill extended over parts of Ala- bama, North Mississippi, Carolina. Tennessee and Meanwhile, the northeastern sec- tion of the country started to dig out from yesterday's snowfall the heaviest of the winter season in many areas. Falls up to 12 Inches were reported in western Massa- chusetts and parts of Connecticut and measured up to ten inches in New York city, and to sections of Rhode Island and Inland Massa- chusetts. The snowfall extended from the east Tennessee mountains to Maine and there were heavy carpets in the western New England states, New York and Pennsylvania. Driving was hazardous and rail and high- way traffic slowed by snow and ice. Temperatures dropped to below freezing over the snow belt. The U. S. Weather bureau warned of more freezing weather tonight in northern and central Georgia and other in the Dixie cold belt. Early today the mercury dip- ped to'29 at Augusta, Ga., 30 at Columbia, S. C., and tumbled to the freezing mark at Charleston, S. Republicans Asked To Crush Filibuster By Jack Bell Lucas of Ulinoia called on Republicans today to help still the sound and fury of a southern Democratic filibuster against a Senate rules change. Senator Connelly (D.-Texas) carried the Dixie banner into the It Hope for Curb on Debate will be up to Vice-Presldent Barkley to rule whether there can be any limitation of debate on a motion such as Lucas' to take up a resolution. That's the point at which Lucas said he wants some Republican help. Last August Senator C. The chill air did not extend into (R.-Mlch.) ruled as presiding offi- southern Florida but Jacksonville's jeer that the debate limitation didn't low was 38. Strong winds accompanied the 'apply in a similar case. This was in snow to ttoe New England effort bv Sfinator (R" Planes were grounded and highway i to call up the antipoll tax travel impeded. Some snow fell in southwest and a Barkley rules that the de- westem areas today. Temperatures moderated over the second day of a filibuster to save filibusters, Democratic Leader Lucas laid out a time table for a showdown early next week. Before the Senate In his motion to take up a resolution which would alter the Senate's rules so that two- thirds of those voting could clamp a limit on debate at any time. Southerners oppose this as an opening wedge for passage of Presi- dent Truman's civil rights program. Lucas, who heads the administra- tion's forces in the Senate, said the southerners will be allowed to talk along until Thursday In their ef- fort to prevent the Senate from passing on this proposition. !e predicted that a petition to invoke the debate-limiting cloture welcomed and assisted set a new procedure will be filed then. Communists Getting Bolder in Western Europe dec- larations In western Europe that an Invading- Soviet army would be pace In the cold war today. Communist party leaders In France, Italy, Germany and Brit- ain in the past week have spoken along the same line, in marked reversal of the conciliatory tones of the recent so-called peace of- fensive. The opinion that a master's voice was speaking and that the new course of communist strategy In- dicates, the of a more vigorous policy was expressed in American quarters here. British sources said obviously thef various statements "were to- Restricting Bill Introduced By Senator Imm Similar to One Offered Every Session Since 1935 By Adolph Johnson St. Paul Senator Val Imm, Mankato, veteran crusader for leg- islative reapportionment, today Britain. traduced a bill to divide the state into new legislative districts. 'The measure is similar to one he has sponsored at every session cused since 1935. It would cut senate membership from 67 to 45 and reduce the house to 90 members from the present it would become place their alleged iUegal activities. The trial "neared the conclusion of Its first phase by noon. By then, 13 of the 15 defendants had come 131. If approved, it would become to the witness stand. All have de- effective in 1951. clarsd themselves guilty and fol- Senator Imm said he believes tne established routine of smaller legislature would be bothjmaking ]ong. public confessions, more efficient and more economical.) full repentance and beg- He called his bill one of the gjng oniy a chance to redeem them- affectlng state departments to be I selves by going to work for the corn- introduced this session requiring! munlst-domlnated government. Bulgarian on Tria Says Superior Termed 'Stalin a Bloodsucker7 By Richard Kaslschke Sofia, of 15 Bulgarian Protestant churchmen on trial for treason here today accused his superior of having stated from the pulpit "Stalin is a bloodsucker." The accusation was made by Mltko Dimitrov, 39-year-old Baptist pastor, against Nikola Naumov, pervisor of the Baptist church In _ I I Tomah Slaying Suspect to Get Mental Exam Both have pleaded guilty to I charges of spying for the United; Major Defendant Naumov, however, Is one of four major defendants upon whom ac- neither increased personnel nor higher appropriations. "There is growing sentiment, not only in the legislature but among Only one defendant has deviated even slightly from this routine. He was Ladin Popov, 36-year-old Pen- tecostal pastor, who denied he had the general public, for action onjeven Deen a spy. But he confessed this pressing said the jUegal currency dealings in conver- Mankato senator. "A great share of -i- the public realizes the advantages Sparta, A mental ex- amination was ordered today for James Jackson, 21, of Tomah, charged with first degree murder in the shotgun slaying January 24 of his father, Earl Jackson, 60. Circuit Judge R. S. Cowie auth- orized the examination on petition of Jackson's attorney, Quincy H. Hale of La Crosse. The test will bei given Thursday at Bradley hospital University of Wisconsin, Edward M. Bums. of a smaller law-making body. Most legislatures around the nation are smaller than ours. "The last legislative reapportion- took place in 1913. There have been great population increases and shifts since that time. "It is high time that we follow the mandate of the constitution and reapportion legislative districts to conform to existing population and area. I sincerely believe that It is very desirable to reduce the size of the legislature." Seantor Imm's is the first state- sions of dollars he said were ob- tained from the United States. Emotional Fleas Popov became so emotional In his pleas of penitence, his voice rose and shook so much, that there were some open smiles in the Bulgarian court audience. The morning' parade of five con- fessing defendants Joined in plac- ing most of the responsibility for the crimes to which they confessed on the four- major defendants. The four had confessed earlier. Another defendant, Zdravko Bez- lov, 28, a Methodist, said the true wide reapportionment bill to offered this session. Bonus Measures Pour house members said bej light of communism had dawned on him while he was in the security Jail. There, he said, he had the they spfred by a central directive. The latest communist spokesman i to voice threats Is Harry general ..secretary of the British] Communist party. He was would submit a measure today to give World Warr H v( choice between a cash bonus and low interest loans. Sponsors are P. K. Peterson and Leonard Johnson, Minneapolis; Car! D'Aquila, Hibbing, and Howard Rundquist of Dawson. Under their plan, veterans would be given an opportunity to lieu of a cash bonus to borrow up to 000 to buy a farm or to buy a house. Starting interest would be four per cent, to be scaled down later. Veterans could borrow all but ten purchase price of (the property and would be loans. given Peterson estimated each borrower jwould save up to to interest by bate limit does apply to this case by the communist Daily Worker that he last night as declaring British corn- there are this country, who makes an honest. Great Plains and most of the because he disputed Vanden- frank income tax return, should not'west. The only sub-zero station re-iberSS' decision last year Lucas munists will try to sabotage any "Imperialist aggressive war" irUIlH IIIUUIUG J.1AC OLUblUll iC-i" i i T> J T 4. U be penalized by the failure of the porting was Sault Ste. Marie, he wants the Republicans tojagainst Russia. In event of such bureau, through a shortage of em- where the mercury hit nine below.jvote with him to uphold Barkley. hejaM ployes, to collect -what is properly Fair weather and nearly _ normal! Some on Spot due the government from those who i temperatures prevailed along would not voluntarily make a cor- Pacific coast, rect return." It said the extra employes approved should be enough for the Job, The committee approved in full the budget of the Bureau of Narcotics and granted of the requested by the Custom bureau and of Injuries Fatal To Foster Man ________r British communists would organize He conceded'that some of them strikes and "councils of action, are "on the spot" politically because! Tne marching tune was called they favor civil rights legislation. Tuesday by Maurice Thorez but don't like to overturn the rul- ing of Vandenberg. Lucas said that if the Barkley ruling, expected Saturday, is favor- able to the Lucas view that the present filibuster can be stopped, Eau Claire, Wis. Richard I he will force a vote early next A. Jones, 88, of Foster, died at with a motion to table any Lau auu ui. uuuca, oo, ui c Qlca m Y, the sought by the Secret I Eau Claire hospital last night of I appeal. Service. It did this after hearing i injuries suffered Thursday whenj A motion fx> table isn't debatable, reports of increased activity in the car he was driving slid off a I Yesterday's opening of the fill- counterfeiting, smuggling and the city street and crashed into a tree, i buster found supporters of the rules illicit narcotics market. For stockpiling strategic critical materials that would needed in the event of war. committee approved the full re- quest of including in cash and in contract authority. It said the program of stockpil- ing "is moving forward at a quite satisfactory rate." Mrs. Jones, 80, the only pas-1 change taking up most of the time, and senger to the car, is in serious! It wasn't until p. m. that be condition at the same hospital, i Senator George (D.-Ga.) got a the She suffered a fractured thigh to chance to tee of f to opposition. Lucas, the accident. j Wherry and Senator Hayden (D.- Jones had operated a grain had been explaining since vator at Foster for 34 years why they believe the Senate to his rtiirement two years ago. I ought to change its rules. secretary general of the Grench Communist party. He suggested that if the French people, "to spite of their wish" find themselves ai war with Russia and the Soviet army "had to chase the enemy in onto our soil" the communists would welcome the invaders. On Saturday Palmiro Togllattl Italy's no. 1 communist, became holier. The Italian people, he said would have the duty "to aid to the most efficient way" any Russian army which might be required to pursue an aggressor into Italy. Yesterday, Pletro Nenni, pro- communist socialist leader to Italy was quoted to press dispatches as a leftist crowd to 5 Repudiate Confessions In Hungary Budapest. Hungary Five of the 14 men on trial charged with black .market dealings for Josef Cardinal Mindszenty withdrew to- day their pre-trial confessions. They charged instead that police "intimi- dated" them. I A sixth defendant also withdrew] part of his confession. The men were accused of Illegal dealings in foreign currency and of "political conspiracy" with the cardinal and others already sen- tenced. Cardinal Mindszenty was sen- tenced to life imprisonment 21 days ago on charges of treason, seeking to overthrow the communist-con- trolled government in favor of the monarchy and with il- legal speculation in American dol- lars. Republican-Herald Adopts New Area News Policy The Republican-Herald today inaugurates a new policy in its handling of news from area communities It serves throughout Southeastern Minnesota and Western Wisconsin. Effective today, no more "neighborhood news" of the person- alized type will be published in small type under the community headings. Instead, this newspaper will use only "special" stories which will appear under headlines and will be set In regular size type. Objective of the change Is to give readers in these communities and readers generally a better coverage of "spot news" and to eliminate the items which properly belong, and in most cases get full coverage from the weekly newspapers serving that particular area. A feature of the new policy will be increased coverage of com- munity events through the use of pictures and special features. Playing an even more important role under the new policy will be the loyal 79 Republican-Herald correspondents who will continue to serve as news reporters for each town. Your co-operation with these correspondents in supplying infor- mation for news stories will facilitate more accurate and faster coverage of happenings in your home town. The Republican-Herald now has the largest circulation in its history and the largest circulation of any dally newspaper published in Minnesota outside of the Twin Cities and Duluth. This change Is in line with Its policy of publishing the best newspaper it knows kind of a newspaper its ever growing family of. readers want. Rus- sia and the United States. Social- ists and communists, he said should form together an "advance guard of the liberating armies.' In a strikingly similar statement at a rally of Berlin workers yes- terday, Otto Grotewohl, co-chair- man of the communist-dominated Socialist Unity party of east Ger- many, declared "no German hand would be lent" to aid Western powers in any "Imperialist war." Eau Claire Murder Suspect Questioned John- son, 32-year-old Eau Claire, Wis., man charged with the murder of a teen age couple, was questioned to- day under influence of drugs. Johnson was questioned at the University of Minnesota's depart- ment of investigation and appre- hension. Results were not disclosed. Accompanying Johnson were his wife, F. E. Yates, his attorney, Dis- trict Attorney Victor Tronsdal and Sheriff Lloyd Thompson, all of Eau Claire. The questioning was under- taken at the request of Johnson, his wife and.Yates. Johnson Is to go on trial late this month for the murder of Gertrude Baumann and Raymond Smith. Both were shot to death last Octo- ber 23 on an Eau Claire golf course. institution. He said he believed as many as a fifth of those eligible for bonuses might take advantage of the borrowing alternative, and that both veterans and the state would thus save money. Timber BUI Moving The senate public domain com- mittee, by an 8 to 7 vote, recom- mended the long term timber bill for passage. Senator Thomas D Vukelich of Gilbert, an opponent predicted debate .on the bill would tie up the senate for a week. The measure would authorize leasing state-owned land to private timber operators for periods up to 25 years. Sponsors, headed by Senator Harry Bridgeman of Bemidji, said the bill would encourage good forest conser- vation practices and help to stabi- lize the industry. Senators Herbert Rogers, Duluth and Elmer Peterson, Bemidji, said it would give advantages to big operators and discriminate against "little men." In the house, Representative Leon- ard Dickinson, Bemidji, offered a proposal to appropriate from the iron range resources fund to finance research into establish- ment of a cement plant to northern Minnesota.. Gen. Eisenhower, Truman Open Red Cross Drive Chicago 0P> General Dwight D. Eisenhower offi- cially opened the 1948 American Red Cross campaign for 000.000 to Chicago last night. President Truman joined to the national campaign "kick- off" held to Chicago for the first time to a nation-wide radio broadcast from Wash- ington. General Eisenhower spoke to some volunteer Red Cross workers to Medinah temple and a nation-wide ABC audience. The program also Included an address by Mayor Martin Kennelly, a dramatic sketch starring Actress Helen Hayes and Film Star James Stewart and short talks by James E. Day, general campaign chair- man, and other Red Cross offi- cials. opportunity to read between and pages of "progressive literature." With only two more of the 15 defendants to come before the bar, the court planned to begin calling witnesses this afternoon. There are Mission Must Leave or Be Escorted Out New Peace Feelers Out on Ending Berlin Blockade 67 The Associated Freu The United States Army today ordered a Russian repatriation mis- sion to leave the American of Germany by midnight. Other- wise it will "probably be escorted to the border." Russia protested the ouster order violently. One Informant Bald Russians told the U. S. the eight- man mission would be considered deserters If they left the U. S. zone. The Russians have been seeking since the war ended to return about persons, mainly Ukrainians, Latvians, Estonians and Lithuani- ans who want no part of Russia. The British-licensed Social Demo- crat in Berlin said the Russians have put out new peace feelers on the Berlin blockade. Jackson will be tried at the next term of circuit court opening March 21. The court stipulated that Jack- son pay toward costs of trans- portation and safeguarding him while at Madison. Jackson was bound over for trial after his younger brother, Lionel, 20, testified that he saw James standing with a gun over their fa- ther's body in the kitchen of their home. New German Shipbuilding Plan Attacked witnesses uus lULeriiuuiJ, o-nere are (tr) 77 witnesses listed, 53 of them for agencies were reported at the prosecution. The odds today, over a proposal from General Lucius D. clay to let the Denmark. western Germans build and oper- by Dr.j Russia has announced price cuts on 45 classes of food, clothes and other goods. The Russians used the decree for propaganda In praise of Stalin. Trud commented typi- cally that "living Is becoming bet- ter all the time." Pravda The communist newspaper Prav- da told Russians that In the United States "Production is falling, Increasing, the army of unemployed growing, inflation increasing, the purchasing- power of workers de- clining, real wages falling, every seventh city dweller starving, .farmers living In dire need, and the profits of imperialists at- taining unheard of size." British sources said the declara- tions of communist leaders In France, Italy, Germany and Bri- tain that the reds in those coun- tries would welcome an Invading Russian army "were Inspired by a central directive." It seemed -to be a Soviet offensive1 against the projected North Atlantic alliance linking the United States and Cana- da to Britain, France, the low- countries and probably Norway and Fire Damages Janesville Store Janesville, Wis. __ entire Janesville fire One Tirocr nalloH raif .Tact1 f.rt dlllrinp! _ ate ocean-going ships. It is a major policy issue which involves Britain and France and the cold war with Soviet Russia. Officials said American view- points are so conflicting the de- almost certainly will be put was called out last night to subdue a blaze which resulted In exten- sive damage to the R. S. Bostwick Downtown men's clothing store. The fire started on the second floor of the three-story structure. Dense smoke spread through the second and first floors and dam- aged clothing stocks. Water from four hose lines did further dam- age. The third floor and adjoining buildings escaped damage. Cause of the fire was undetermined im- mediately. of 1945 Potsdam agree- The Nnde Body of William Gilbert, one-half of a duo of desperadoes who killed three persons in cold blood, lies in the doorway of a Phoenix, Ariz., motor court where lie fought it out with police. He had boasted he would "never be taken and he was right. Even the horse-shoe good-luck piece over the door failed him. His ex-convict partner is in jail. which prohibits the building by Germany of "all types" cf sea- going vessels. Representatives of ship operators and maritime un- ions have filed sharp protests with the State department against any revival of Germany as a world shipping rival. Clay Is understood to have Army department backing for his view that the time has come to spur the recovery of the western occu- pation zone by putting idle ship- yards to work and letting the Ger- mans engage directly in foreign commerce. Shipping men said the Maritime commission thus has been cold to the idea. The Navy is reported to have called for a new outline of official policy before advising whether national security would suffer from the proposal. Clay's proposals were forwarded some time ago under a top secret label. One published report, neither confirmed nor denied officially, is that he favors permitting the Ger- mans to build several cargo ships and a large luxury Ita- Construction by Germany of any craft after tons would breach cabinet. Warship Deserts China's largest warship, the 270-ton cruiser Chunking, apparent- American iy deserted to the Chinese commun- Big Four agreements. Both shipping operators and unions earlier sought In vain to head off revival of the Japanese merchant marine. General Doug- las MacArthur has authorized a number of Japanese shipbuilding contracts and has helped the Jap- anese get cargoes from distant ports in the Orient. There are no international agreements to limit Mm on this point. Iraq Troops Leaving Israel Tel Aviv, (IP) Iraq regular army troops appear to be withdrawing from. Israel it was re- ported here today. Several thousand Iraqis have oc- cupied the Nablus triangle In cen- tral Palestine about 50 miles north of Jerusalem along with Trans-Jor- dan legionnaires. It is -assumed their reported The chance that the Scandinavian countries might join disturbed Fin- land. It could bring into play a clause of the Russian-Finnish friendship treaty giving Russia the right to ask for new bases la Pin- land if Russia feels her security threatened. Talks were underway to include communists In the Fin- nish ists. Wholesale arrests were said to have thwarted a plot to kidnap Acting President Li Tsung-jen. A Nanking newspaper said the com- munists are dropping their demand that "war criminals" be punished as a condition of peace. Pressure mounted for the banishment of Pre- mier Sun Fo. The new Bolshevik party of bellion-tum Burma said to a mani- festo it will link itself with the communists of China and Indochina alongside the Soviet Union. The reds said they will adopt "Soviet methods for ending world capital- ism and destroy all who have re- course to capitalist governments." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Increasing cloudiness and not so cold tonight; low 18. Wednesday cloudy and somewhat warmer with some light snow likely in the late afternoon or night; high 35. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 34 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 24; minimum, 4; noon, 24; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota, Wisconsin: Tempera- tures will average 1-5 degrees be- low normal. Normal maximum, 28 north 44 south. Normal minimum 5 north 23 south. Warmer Wednes- day, colder Thursday, warmer Friday and Saturday and turning colder again Sunday. Precipitation will average or less Minnesota to inch remainder area oc- curring as snow north and rain or snow south portion Wednesday and east portion Thursday. Snow flur- ries again Sunday. _____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. prec. Chicago............24 Denver 45 Des Moines .......23 Duluth 19 International Falls.. withdrawal is closely linked to thej Kansas City armistice talks at Rhodes between Israel and Trans-Jordon, and at Ras En Nakura between Israel and 13 34 Los Angeles .......60 Miami Minneapolis-St. Paul 14 Lebanon. The talks were scheduled j New Orleans ......58 to open today. New York .........35 Iraq has no common frontier Seattle 67 with Israel. The troops came herejPhoenix............ 67 partly through Trans-Jordon .......40 through Syria. I 14 29 11 5 2 23 43 50 5 43 22 38 36 23 0 .08 1. ;