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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 30, 1953, Winona, Minnesota r Fair, Hot, Humid Tonight; Warm Wednesday River Stage 24-Hour (Flood 13) Today 10.88 .02 Year Ago 6.56 .31 VOLUME 53, NO. 113 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JUNE 30, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES House Assures Excess Profits Tax Extension Measure to Come Before Reed's Committee July 8 By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON Eisen- hower administration, after weeks of bitter bickering, appeared today j to have cleared the legislative trail for a six-month extension of the excess profits tax. Working desperately behind the scenes, administration stamped out a stubborn rebellion in the House Ways and Means! Committee, oulmaneuvering Chair-1 mar. Daniel A. Reed who! had raised a blockade against I action on the bill. And thus they dramatically averted, literally at the last min- ute, an expected showdown House battie over a drastic move to by- pass the proud old tax-writing committee. House leaders joined Republi- cans and Democrats on the com- mittee today in voicing firm con- viction the tax extension would have relatively easy sailing now. The committee roadblock had been the big obstacle: both the House and Senate appeared likely to okay an extension if it came to a vote. The levy expires at midnight, but it can be renewed retroactively. Reed still held out strong per- sonal opposition. But his supporting ranks had been shattered, even among Republican colleagues on his own committee. Reed yielded only to the point of calling his sroup into session July S. Previously he had canceled all committee meetings to block any action on the administration's tax proposal. Concession Enough His concession was enough. Key Republicans said 10 or 11 of the 15 GOP committee members will vote to bring the tax bill to the floor. Democrats said they would support the move almost solidly. Rep. Richard M. Simpson (R- The Midwest Cities and a barge are tied to a cement channel marker below Homer alter one loaded targe broke loose from drifted downstream, boat and Polish Reported Clashing With Soviet Troops Heavy Showers Fall on Texas Drought Area Million Made Available by Ike for Relief DALLAS, Te.v. inland sweep of tropical storms today pushed showers toward West Texas and Oklahoma farm areas for which President Eisenhower made available an eight-million dollar drought disaster fund. Downpours, as heavy as 6 inches .it Baytown' scattered over East and Central Texas yesterday in time to save pastures, cotton, j peaches, late corn and vegetables in many counties. Forecasters expected scattered rain to drift into dried-up West Texas and Oklahoma. But in much of the area a four-year drought (old single-day mark of 13 set last I has so denuded the soil of plant I July 4- cover that rain would fall only on The ground war dwindled to sandy wastes. Most of the West! mostly probes and skirmishes, but Texas wheat crop and much of the I the Eighth Army announced that 1 cotton is gone. Pastures are crisp the Communists fired a record i and useless breaking IVa million artillery and BERLIN i.fl Polish anti-Corn-i fc'r 152 Texas Counties j mortar shells this month. That's munist mobs have clashed wr.h The White House announcement Imore than double number of Soviet troops in widespread dis- j yesterday relief would orders on the Oderneisse frontier, Reds, Rhee Sabres Bag Record 15 MIGs in Day JQHN RANDOLPH SEOUL Sabre jet pilots shot down 15 Communist MIG jets today to set a new one-day and one-month record for the ruce Hopes Decline For Immediate End of Fighting Sabres boosted their MIG bag for June to 74, smashing the old record of 63 set last September. And today's kill erased the shells fired by Red guns in any i previous month of the war. Texas and 40 in Oklahoma The the West Berlin Nacht-Depesche countles werc to be named in a v, Chief Engineer William L. Ritchie, Paducah, Ky., left, and James Blackburn, St. Louis, inspect a plate that blew off the crankcase of the diesel engine aboard the Midwest Cities this morn- ing on the Mississippi River north of Homer, causing an explosion and fire. (Republican-Herald photos) o Blast on Towboat; Barge Breaks Loose who evidently played a big A barge ,oaded wjth bar-1 towboat, commanded by Capt. Wii- rnlp in the settlement, said he__i_ r'mvnstrpam rels of gasoline broke loose from liam Joiner, drifted downstream the towboat Midwest Cities off Homer six miles below Winona at about two miles and rammed a concrete channel marker. One role in the settlement, said he "anticipates and hopes" Reed will agree to put the business profits tax on the, committee agenda for the July 8 session, or another meet- ing about that time. But if the chairman doesn't, it "cause of the explosion was un- on a sandbar and the towboat and was clear, a substantial majority determined but Chief Engineer j second barge clung to the channel of the corr.mittee was ready to take William Ritchie, a veteran river- midmorning today after an ex-1 loaded barge broke loose and drift- plosion and fire aboard the tow-1 ed another quarter of a mile boat. downstream where it went aground matters in its own hands. man, said trouble developed in the marker. The towboat Tampico, command- The big break came yesterday j crankcase of the Diesel unit. Fire ed by Capt. Paul Sullivan, was en as a tensi: House convened for a j spread rapidly through the engine route downriver and went to the heralded battle over an adminis- room and the entire crew was rescue of the Midwest Cities. called to fight it. No one was in- j Early this afternoon the Tampico jured and the towboat interior was was bringing the Midwest Cities not badly damaged, said Ritchie, j and one barge to the Winona levee, Helpless without any power, the than planned to return to the tration move to force the bill to the floor through the House Rules Committee. The fight had been billed as the toughest test for the administration yet. A flurry of confer- j ences preceded the session. Then GOP Leader Halleck of Indiana took the floor to announce the fight was off. The administration was convinced, he said, that the ways and means committee finally bring out the bill. Reed, 78, ruddy-faced and white- haired, stood tall and erect and denounced the move. Kc called for a showdown on principle in- volved. "This battle ougM to be settled A ilwij here and now without weekend'holiday is going" cost he declarer. "It ought to Minnesota lives in traffic ac- bc settled once anci for alwavs so reported today. Rioting workers set the stale cellulose factory in Kuestrin ablaze and fought Soviet Army units in the strec s, the newspaper said. Communist-officered Polish militia- men reportedly joined the side the workers in the battle. A mob shouting "Free Poland from the Communists" was joined by unarmed police in demolishing a theater in Dammvorstadt (Slu- bice) which had been showing a Soviet film, Nacht-Depesche added. Dammvorstadt is a suburb o f Frankfurt on the Oder. It said the Polish uprising in former German territory broke out June 17 after news spread of the Soviet zone revolt just west of the Oder. Still Disturbed "Despite terror and force exer- cised by elite Polish and Soviet troops rushed in from East Bran- denburg, the situation is still dis- turbed the newspaper as- serted, Allied officials here 'said they had no confirmation of the report. Refugees from Goerlitz, East Ger- man-Polish frontier city, disclosed last week that Polish tank troops had saluted rebellious German workers there June 17. i Nacht-Depesche said the Polish! formal Washington announcement today. Meanwhile. Gov. Edwin Mechem of Now Mexico appealed to Presi- dent Eisenhower for federal aid in New Mexico's drought crisis. He planned to fly to Washington today. In the Senate, Minority Leader Lyndon Johnson (D-Tex) and 12 other senators introduced a bill to provide money and power to meet disasters such as the Southwest drought. The measure would au- thorize government loans to farm- ers and stockmen at 4 per cent interest. Sen. Johnson told senators he had consulted several govern- ment agencies "and they do not know whether they have the author- ity to do the things that must be done." Secretary of Agriculture Benson, who returned to Washington from a week-end inspection of the Texas drought area, said the first steps in the administration program would be aimed at speeding emer- gency feed to livestock growers. He said growers will get the feed "at a level somewhat below the sup- port level" for the feeds involved. Feed will come from stocks of the Commodity Credit Corporation with any losses made up from the President's emergency fund. Lower Rates Asked Benson also said the President Shells Crash It meant that almost two shells crashed down on Allied lines for every single :'oot of the 155-mile than four for every Allied soldier on the line. The U. S. jets scored their great- est victory over the swept-wing Communists Claim U.N. Had Part in Freeing Prisoners By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN SEOUL UPI The North Korean Red radio today promptly and erged from afternoon battles high over North Korea. He was Lt. Henry Buttlemann of Bayside, N. Y. He scored his fifth kill. Maj. James Jabara of Wichita, Kan., history's first jet ace, also coidly rejected the U. N. Corn- had day. He downed j raanf, offer to sign ar) armistice Jabara now now on terms already agreed upon at Panmunjom. Shortly after, President Eisen- is only two below the all-time jet mark of 16 set by Capt. Joseph McConnell Jr. of Apple Valley, j emissary to South Calif. Red jets as battered infantrymen ing weather in nearly a on the Western Front rested mo-1 week that gave the Communist in- mentarily from two weeks of fantry a chance to drive forward bloody battling. J without serious punishment from The 36th jet ace of the war em-'Allied air power. Col. James K. Johnson of Phoen-1 Korea conceded that President ix, Ariz., bagged his 10th MIG and j Syngman Rhee also persisted in became the seventh double jet ace. j m-s 7efUsal to accept the truce. The record breaking victory' came on the first day of good fly- fighting spread to Landsberg, Kros- j ask the Interstate Commerce sen, Schwerin and Schwiebus. j Commission to permit railroads to An East German railway worker I lower flight rates on feed ship- was cited as an eyewitness of the i ments to the disaster area and 8 State July Holiday Traffic Deaths Predicted i grounded barge in an attempt to 1 pull it off the sandbar. The side of the barge which hit! witch's brew, the crowds swarm" I Dammvorstadt riot: iivestock shipments "The city was like a boiling pastures. to greener Rains in the eastern half of that they should never try Tnjs'was the prediction todav to usurp the functions and the con- i of j E P traffjc and stitutional prerogatives of our com-1 safcty for the Minnesota mittee. Then one by one, more than half a dozen ways and means members arose to.pledge commit- brought under control before it could spread to the leaking barge. The Midwest Cities is owned by the Lake Tankers Corp. and the cargo of gasoline was en route to the Shell Oil Co. terminal in Wi- ST. PAUL (.71 The July 4th nona. When the grounded bnrge is free, it will be towed to the Shell terminal here. Before the Tampico went to the rescue of the Midwest Cities, it anchored its empty barges along the Minnesota shore upstream from tbe helpless towboat. The Midwest Cities cleared Highway Department. the matter. The administration was safely and saving those eight lives. He pointed out that the Glorious Fourth is always a high point for happy to leave it that way. What caused the sudden shift in jdt Last" year, for instance, the situation? Administration ottt-1 th 498 separate mishaps cials and lawmakers close to thej d the long, four-day maneuvering reconstructed jt -c, nr that Reed might be willing to call a committee meeting. Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey quietly arranged a' private meeting with Reed Saturday. The chairman con- "And nothing would please me through the lock at the Trempea- more. added Darrell, "if ists in the state would maxe an Because of the high stage of the river, it was feared the loose barge might be swept downriver into the Trempealeau Dam but the sandbar prevented such an acci- dent. Before returning to the grounded barge, Capt. Sullivan said he ex- pected considerable difficulty in j pulling it off the bar because of its heavy load. It appeared to be firmly stuck, he Said. holiday with 12 of the accidents resulting in 14 deaths. "Nothing to record a death-free week- Darrell continued. "It could be done if every driver took a little extra care, made proper! IK6 to allowance for congested streets and highways and drove with the same DOOKlet ceded his committee would meet j courteSy he expects from others. soon, fixed no date. That started the ice thawing. If the committee were going to meet, couldn't action be worked Out with- out a big floor fight? At the same time, Simpson, an influential committee member, was wrestling with the problem. He had always opposed the tax extension. But he reportedly saw a chance that (1) his party would be split dangerously by the impending floor fight; (2) the procedure would set what he considered a dangerous Darrell advised motorists also to I Urging Spiritual 4th WASHINGTON to Judd tires and on theip cars is in top undertaking that holi- day excursion. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Fair, hot and humid tonight. Increasing cloudiness and continued warm Wednesday, followed by cooler j calls for emphasis on the spiritual side of Fourth of July celebrations. The pamphlet, "March of Free- is based on what it says are seven divine freedoms taken from the 23rd Psalm. These are set forth as freedom from want, hun- ger, thirst, sin, fear, enemies and to live abundantly. precedent for the House, bypassing Wednesday night. Low tonight 73, regular legislative committees: and [high Wednesday 90. (3) the tax extension would be LOCAL WEATHER pushed through anyhow. Simpson obviously decided it would be far the lesser of two evils if committee Republicans would agree to act on the extension. Simpson, the administration, and House GOP leaders found them- selves thinking along the same lines. Quietly key Republicans on the ways and means committee were sounded out. Arguments of party loyalty and committee pres- tige were put to them. Democrats also were approached. Almost everybody seemed to be anxious to avoid the floor scrap. Man Pays Train Fare VYCMinCK i -r- 1 (1AO Official observations for the 24'rOr I rip in. hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 95; minimum, 67; noon, 93; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at 4.28. AIRPORT WEATHER (No, Central Observations) Max, temp. 91 at noon, min. 77 at 7 p.m. Monday. Noon readings rvauib ill Ulc eaaLtJill lidii Ul the channel marker was crushed mg over all the main streets and Texas brought cooling reiief after m and was leaking badly. Capt. particularly the Rossmarkt a n d a record.srnasmng June heat wave. Joiner, making his first trip on the Neumarkt squares. They demanded j Galveston Island was lashed with wmds up to 4? mTles an hour as the storm swept inland. One Juror Still To Be Picked for Rochester Trial people. Militia sentries tore their ROCHESTER, Minn. UP) The people's democratic emblems from I first degree murder trial of Ster- their uniforms'' i TJ Toni-Jnc ifc fonj-fh u rebuilding of the government was fortunate the fire be j and fte end of the forced econ- omy. Again and again rose the cry: 'Free Poland from the Com- munists.' Police Quiet "The police remained quiet. Un- armed police joined the demon- strating population. A film theater was demolished. Placards and pic- tures advertising a Soviet film were torn down and burned. State food stores were stormed and the contents divided up among the ling H. Jenkins entered its fourth Nacht-Depesche said it learned j ,jay today with one juror still to be chosen. Two alternates also must be from other sources: Farmers in the Zielenzig-Meser- itz area stormed the houses of j' The 11 seated in the jury iox picked before testimony is begun. collective farm chairmen. Some persons were killed and wounded. Bans on Dairy Products From Canada Tighter OTTAWA, Canada a combination of embargoes, quota restrictions and higher tariffs, the United States tightens her import barriers July 1 against cheese, milk and other agricultural products. Trade officials estimate the new curbs may reduce Canada's trade with the United States by more than two million dollars a year. Canada in 1952 sold the United States about worth of the dairy items hit by the curbs. After July 1, officials estimate, the ship- ments may be reduced to about a year. The drop may not be large when compared with Canada's over-all exports to the U. S. last year, but officials see other had been selected from 57 pros- pects questioned. Judge Arnold JHatfield ordered another special venire for today. Jenkins is charged with fatally shooting his wife, 31, on May 24 after, he said in a statement to po- lice, he found her in bed with their landlord, James Williamson, 59. Williamson, wounded at the time, is still hospitalized, paralyzed from the waist down. ST. LOUIS Frisco Rail- road is S5 richer today because a passenger kept worrying about a implications in the move, free 100-mile ride he took in 1902. The dairy restrictions, they fear, The money came from a Cali- may be the beginning of curbs in fornia resident (not identified by i other categories of American ira- the railroad) who said he took ad- vantage of a confused conductor scattered at feet and on a train running late and rode thin and broken at feet, wind j from Lenea, to Springfield, 10-25 miles per hour from south) Mo., without a ticket, southwest, humidity 70 per cent, I The man added "thanks for the and said he was short of barometer 29.97 falling, visibility I favor" and saic IS miles. 'money at the ti time.. ports. Under the new curbs Canada's small American Cheddar cheese market will be cut by half. The American market for dried butter- milk will be cut one-twentieth of the 1952 size and its dried whole milk market virtually eliminated. Big Three Meeting Set for Mid-July By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON wide-ranging Big Three foreign ministers conference appears to be shaping up for some time in raid-July. Although billed as an informal session, there is every prospect critical cold war decisions may result from this American-British- French meeting. Far Eastern problems, especially the wars in Korea and Indochina, undoubtedly will dominate the agenda. But, informed officials said to- day, such troublesome questions as Germany's future, the British Egyptian quarrel and North Atlan- tic defense problems undoubtedly will be reviewed also. The first inkling that a foreign ministers' meeting was being planned came yesterday when the acting British Prime Minister, Richard A. Butler, told the House of Commons Britain had suggested such a get-together. Problems to Discuss Butler said it was necessary to discuss urgent problems and to "maintain the impetus given to our foreign policy" by the plans for a later meeting between Prime Min- ister Churchill, President Eisen- hower and French Premier Joseph Laniel at Bermuda. The State Department, somewhat surprised that Butler talked pub- licly about the plans, disclosed that Secretary Dulles has agreed to the suggestion that he meet here with Lord Salisbury, acting British for- eign secretary. France has been notified, with the idea that the French the French foreign minister. State Department officials, while publicly expressing the view that the conference would be "very use- Newsman and Wife Murdered; Boy, 15, Sought STURGEON BAY, Wis. UP! A Door County newspaper man and his wife were found stabbed to death in their home here today. Po- lice are seeking a 15-year-old boy in the case. Dead are Mr. and Mrs. Sumnar Harris. He was publisher of the Door County Advocate. Police Chief Romy Lamdo relat- ed that his officers were called by the boy's parents after they dis- covered a note about the killings Police entered the Harris home and discovered the -bodies. Harris, 48 and his wife, Grace, 45, had been lifelong resdents of Sturgeon Bay. The chief said Mrs. Harris's body bor, said he could not i establish a connection between the boy and the Harris family. There was no one else in the Har- appeared privately to have ris home. Their only child, a mar- ried son, lives in another part of the city. Guatemala Blast GUATEMALA, Guatemala un A terrific explosion shook this city early today and killed an estimated 50 persons. Large fires were started. some reservations. One reason was an inevitable French request for more U. S. aid to fight Communist-led guerrillas in Indochina. Laniel's new French government came to power last week with a pledge to do something about the heavy French financial and man- losses in Indochina. This Picture Shows part of the block-long line that formed at one of the IS Montgomery, Ala., inoculation stations this morning as polio fighters began giving some children under 10 years of age shots of precious gamma globulin. This is the first attempt to halt an outbreak of infan- tile paralysis with mass inoculations of the serum. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Walter S. Robertson, assistant secretary of state for Far Eastern affairs, told reporters after his fifth secret session with Rhee: "Obviously, there are points which need clarification in our ne- gotiations. Otherwise there would be no need for these meetings. President Rhee and I are trying to work out a solution which will be acceptable to our two govern- ments and, at the same time, sac- rifice the principles of neither." Robertson's remarks contrasted with earlier expressions of opti- mism from himself and Rhee. Ha said he would meet again with Rhee Wednesday. He did not say how long he expected the conver- sations to continue. Red Reaction Communist reaction to U. N. Commander Mark Clark's propos- al for a truce of Rhee's opposition was unexpect- edly swift, The broadcast from Pyongyang, North Korean capital, charged that Clark's letter to Communist mili- tary leaders Monday lacked "sin- cerity" and was "inconsistent" with the facts. It insisted there had been "connivance" between the UNC and South Korea in Rhee's order releasing more than anti-Communist North Ko- rean war prisoners since June 18. Pyongyang added that Clark's at Panmunjom through liaison "no guarantee" on the future conduct of the South Korean government and that, therefore, the Commu- nists could not accept it. It also demanded again the re- turn of all escaped prisoners. Clark had reminded the Red high command that the Panmun- jom negotiations were for a mili- tary armistice and that while he doesn't control the South Korean government he does command its Army. The U. N. commander promised to do his best to get Rhee's co- operation and pledged his com- mand to enforce the terms of a truce. Red China's voice at Peiping joined in scorning the UNC efforts to achieve a truce and accuse_d Rhee of planning to release Chi- nese prisoners in Allied prison camps. Heard in London A broadcast monitored in London said that Rh'ee, "emboldened as a result of open American conni- vance" in the release of Korean POWs, has been plotting with the Chinese Nationalists to free Chi- nese POWs. The Allies hold nearly Chinese, of whom have said they would resist being returned to Red rule. About 100 broke out of a U. N. camp near Pusan last week, but were rounded up. The Communists officially have demanded that the Allied command recapture the Korean POWs and prepare to turn them over to a neutral supervisory commission as outlined in the armistice draft agreement. Clark told them in his letter it was an unrealistic demand, inas- much as the Koreans melted into the civilian population with the aid of Korean national police. The armistice talks are in an indefinite recess asked by the Reds June 20. While Pyongyang radio's rejection of a resumption of negotiations was not official, it certainly bore the Red high com- mand's stamp of approval. While dickering with Robertson, Rhee moved Tuesday to strenghen lis military setup by naming Vice Adm. Sohn Won II his defense min- .ster. Sohn, South Korean chief of naval operations, replaces Shin Tai Yung, whom the government said resigned for "personal reasons." Meanwhile, the Swiss delegation which will participate in the neu- tral nations supervisory commis- sion arrived in Tokyo to await signing of an armistice. ;