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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 30, 1949, Winona, Minnesota SHOWERS TONIGHT, COOLER FRIDAY WINONA HAS A SWIMMING POOL VOLUME 49, NO'. 114 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 30, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Coplon Found Guilty Public Housing Bill Through House, 228-185 Conference With Senate, Early Agreement Seen Senate Passes Labor Bill, Sweeping Victory for Taft Measure Contains Basic Provisions Of T-H Law Washington The Senate to- day passed the labor bill constructed by .Senator Taft vote was 51 to 44. It. contains the basic provisions By Francis M. Le May Washington A mult lion dollar housing bill, Taft-Hartley act and marked from the brink of defeat and ram- a sweeping victory for the Ohio senator in his duel with the Truman administration over repealing the T.-H. law. med through the House, was chalk- ed up today as the first major suc- cess for President Truman's "Pair Deal" program. Jubilant administration leaders campaign followed up their hard-fought 228 measure, to 185 victory last night by moving It was a crushing defeat for Pres- ident Truman, who during the 1948 pledged repeal of the swiftly to iron out slight differ- ences between the House bill and the measure 'passed by the Senate April 15. Both Democrats and Republicans in the Senate predicted little diffi- culty in reaching a There was a chance compromise, the measure might go to the White House be- fore the end of the week. Senator Lucas of Illinois, the Dem- ocratic leader predicted before the vote that Mr. Truman will veto the Taft bill if it reaches him. Senate passage sent the measure to the House. House action on any labor bill is doubtful at this session. The A.F.L. and C.I.O., surrender- ing the fight yesterday, turned vio- lently against the Truman repeal Supporting the vast program on bill which they had supported soi the final House showdown were 193 strenuously for the last five months. Democrats, 34 Republicans and one I They called angrily for its defeat American Labot party member. Op-1 because the Senate on Tuesday had posing were 131 Republicans and 54 injected into it the first part of Democrats. Taft's labor The bill authorizes grants and I both injunctions (along Taft-Hart- loans up to more than ley lines) and plant seizure in "na- 000 over the next 40 years for: Slum tional emergency" strikes. Possible 13 Years in Prison Facing Girl Jury's Verdict Given on Both Counts of Charge By Karl R, Bauman Washington Judith Cop- Ion was convicted ioday of being a spy for Russia. The jury convicted her on both counts of the indictment against her. She faces a maximum sentence of 13 years in prison and a fine of] The jury announced its verdict shortly after p. m. after having her fate in its hands for almost 27 hours. It reported ready to give its decision at j p. m., 26 hours 58 minutes after re- ceiving the case. The jam-packed courtroom wasj white Sulphur Springs, W. L. Lewis today ordere deathly silent when the jury be-j soft coal miners east of the Mississippi river to work a three-day weel gan filing in at p. m. E.S.T. (starting next Tuesday, abandoning his traditional "no contract, n The former Justice department expires at midnight tonight For clearance, publicly owned city dwelling units and farm hous- ing aids. Passage In other words, the A.F.L. and C.I.O. prefer the Taft-Hartley act. which they believe gives them of the bill was greeted I good 1950 campaign issue, to by a great roar from the Demo- cratic side. For the issue had been in doubt, as the hot six-day debate up in a sudden, furious bat- tle. Opponents, mustering all their strength in an effort to kill the bill if possible, or cripple it in any case, succeeded at one point in re- ducing the measure to a skeleton of the program Mr. Truman hud re- quested. Shouting "socialism" and arguing that the housing costs imperil the nation's financial stability, a coalition of Republicans and south- ern Democrats mustered 168 votes to the administration's 165 in a drive to kill the puKidy-owned housing part-way measure containing in- junctions and other things they hate. The Senate agreed unanimously to vote today on the second part of Taft's to change the Jaft-Hartley act in a number of ways but preserve its "essentials" voting on a few Republican amendments to it. -r- Truman Democrats were not plan- ning to offer amendments because ;hey said trying to improve such a bill would be a "waste of tune." One of the pending amendments is designed to prevent states from enforcing stricter "right to work" i lews than the federal law. The second Taft substitute would Judith Coplon, 28-year-old ex-government worker, manages a weak smile while waiting the federal jury's verdict of guilty. Miss Coplon faces a possible'13-year prison term and fine. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) program. Two hours later administration leaders asked foe a roll call on the public housing section, which ac- counts for about five-sixths of the money authorization in the bill, They won by a five vote margin to 204. Drive to Cut Excise Taxes Gains Strength Washington The Senate finance committee today voted 7 to! 6 in favor of cutting federal excise taxes back to 1942 levels generally These are the taxes on such things as telephone bills, railroad tickets silverware knd luggage. The vote stuck a tax-cutting amendment on to a House-passec bill concerned with Industrial alco- the the sions of the Truman bill. administration a "fascist knock out all the remaining provi-j communists "do not consider ing its expected passage, the faced a final vote on the Truman bill as other words a vote on the whole Taft program in one package. There was a possibility its approv- al might signal a move to "recom- or send the bill back to the Senate labor committee, which in effect would kill Sena- tor Lucas told reporters he wouldn't support such a move. In any case, the labor debate ap- peared about over, leaders preparing to with Senate turn to con- hol permits. Senator Johnson posed it. (D.-Colo.) pro- Ou the House side of the capital, "Representative Martin (R.-Mass.) sought a quick on legislation he has introduced for a cut in the excise taxes. Martin said a petition is being signed to discharge the House ways and means committee from any further consideration of the measure. If 218 House majori- it. the bill would come to a House vote immediately. It would slash some taxes more than 50 per cent. The measure would cut federal taxes by about a year some congressmen estimate. It woulc no.t reduce the war-imposed extra rates on liquor, that now yield aboul annually. There would be no reduction in tobacco excises sideration of the Atlantic pact on Tuesday. State Cigarette Use Tax Becom Effective Friday St. Paul A new cigarette use tax becomes effective In Min- Disturbances Close Swimming Pool Washington government swimming pool which became, the scene'of opened to both white and 'Negro youths has been closed. Secretary of the Interior department, which operates the pool, ordered it closed until further notice. He acted after the mixed swimming led to a pool-sidfl melee for a second straight day yester- day. Park police said hundreds were involved in the pushing and punch- ing outside the Anacostaia pool in southeast Washinton. At least four youths were injured, one a trampled by a mounted policeman's horse. There were fivo arrests.1 nesota Friday. A tax of 30 cents per carton must be paid by consumers having cig arettes not bearing the Minnesota tax stamps. The use tax is designed to imple- ment the enforcement of the exist- ing tax on the sale of cigarettes in Minnesota, Tax Commissioner Spaeth explained. The state cigarette tax division has received reports that cigarettes are being shipped by mail to cer- tain consumers in Minnesota from out-of-state points. These cigarettes do not bear Minnesota tsx stamps. The new use tax does not apply ;o possession of one standard ear- on or less by the consumer. Spaeth explained, however, that Truman Rule Weakening Democracy, Reds Claim New defendant at the communist conspiracy trial testl- 5ed yesterday that American is "weakening democracy in this country, thereby' paving the way for increased danger of fascism." This is being done, said- Gilbert Green of Chicago, by appointing "brass hats 'and Wall Street men Russians Stop Trucks Trying To Enter Berlin Berlin German police to- Green said, however, that "betraying the They think', it is policies of the Roosevelt Federal Judge Harold R. Medina asked the defense witness: "By the way, what is a Green replied: "I think you remember Adolf Hit- ler, Mussolini and' men such as Ranldn in the who would destroy democratic liberty and who want to impose a brutal dictatorship." Green said com- munist faction opposed to Stalin "aiders and of fascism." Another fascist, the witness said, is Gerald L. K, Smith, founder of the "Christian Nationalist crusade." 3-Day Work Week Drought Near Ordered in Mines Disaster Stage in East employe was tense as. she stood up to receive the verdict. "The defendant will a mar- shall crie'd out. Her attorney, Archibald demanded that each juror be polled and this was done by the cleric, Paul A. Rose-. Palmer announced that the ver diet will be appealed to the U. S circuit court of appeals, and if nee essary, to the Supreme court. When the jurors had taken their places, Clerk Roser asked: you reached a verdict? Verdict Reached 'We Foreman Andrew H Norford, 34, a telephone company employe, replied, "What say you as to count foe clerk asked. Norford replied. H.e made the same asked how the jury founc on count two. The major ury was the nette former worker in carrying government se- crets around in her purse. Federal Judge Albert L. Reeves returned to the courtroom late last night, in response to a request from ;he jury, to elaborate on his in- structions on "intent." Foreman Andrew H, Norford, 34: a telephone company employe, ask- ed the judge for "more instructions on. count one dealing with the sub- problem facing the "intent" of the bru- Justice department ject of intent." Intent Means Purpose Green, one-of 11 top communist) The Russians claimed that the leaders on his 12th day truckers required a Soviet signature underneath the Soviet stamp which was put on their travel orders when the new law provides that each on the stand fighting charges, of conspiracy to advocate violent over- throw of the U. S. government. Green, who is being kept in jail between trial sessions for contempt of court, told Judge Medina yester- day that the trial is an example of ihe "danger of fascism growing in this country." The judge, who also has made ihree other defendants overnight iail lodgers, shook a warning finger at Green. .Green then explained: am not saying that this trial s fascism. What I am saying is iiat 50 or 100 years ago it would be unthinkable to have'the leaders of a political party brought to rial." Judge Medina interrupted, say- ing again that the Communist par- y is not on that 11 of its eaders are on trial for the alleged conspiracy. The exchange between Green and the judge occurred as the witness The judge explained, as he had day reported Soviet sentries havejm Us earlier instructions, that in- refused to let some 80 west German j tent means purpose, truck cargoes enter Berlin in the] He said the jury should decide past 24 hours, because of. Mss Coplon to deliver government secrets -to Val- irregulanties in their travel papers. entme A. .Qubitchev, a Russian, or The Russians, however, have not whether she intended to use the completely'stopped incoming trucks. papers- found in her purse when Several dozen were allowed to go I she and Gubitchev were 'in a examination or as memoranda for a book she said she had started writing. Miss Coplon, a former Justice de- partment political analyst, has been through tliis morning. .they crossed into the Soviet zone at on Wai since April 25 on charges soft coal but Lewis directed his miners to stay on the job for a- short work week "to remove the stresses and strains which could cause industry .am public irritation." He told the miners east of th Mississippi to work Tuesday Wednesday and Thursday nex week, when they return from thei present ten-day vacation. After that Lewis advised the diggers to work on Monday, Tuesday and Wednes day of each week. There was no time limit, to the Clark Files Suit to Break Up DuPont Empire .Washington Gen- eral Tom Clark today filed suit to break up the du Pont industrial empire. The attorney general announced that the action, under the Sherman and. Clayton antitrust laws, was filed this moriag in the U. S. dis- trict court at Chicago. Among the major demands of workea b? the mines." arrangement, although north am west the coal operators believe tfaej have a contract until August 1 under terms of the Tail-Hartley act. Mines west of the Mississippi are not affected by .the three-day limi tation, but Lewis advised bis tnem bers there to begin work, on Mon day "and continue consecutively during the week for the number o civil suit are a divorcement of the E. I. du Pont de Nemours Com- pany., of Wilmington, Del., from General Motors Corporation of De- iroit. It also asks that the du Pont fam- ily be required to release its hold- ings, described as controlling, (in the United States Rubber Company of New York. The suit names as defendants: E. I. du Pont de Nemours, General Motors, U. S. Rubber, Christiana Securities Company, Delaware Real- ty and Investment Corporation, Pierre S. du Pont, Lammot du Pont, irenee du Pont, and all members of the du Pont family related by blood or marriage to Pierre, Lammot, or Irenee du Pont who hold voting stock n either U. S. Rubber, Christiana Securities of Delaware Realty and iivestment Corporation. Clark's statement announcing the uit said that Christiana and Dela- ware Realty "are personal holding! is is holding separate contract ne- Helmstedt. of taking secrets from the depart- foreign power, Russia. The British military government ment's files with the intent of in- sent a transport official to the Ber- juring this. country and aiding a lin boundary checkpoint to investi- gate the new snarl in the city's commerce today. The British announced the Rus- sians had seized 11 trucks at the gotiations. Negotiations here with the rep- resentatives of the North and West producing about tons a year, were described by Lewis as but there was no prog- ress to report either. He also is meeting with Harry M. Moses, chief, negotiator for TJ. S. Steel Corporation, at this resort. VIoses fears his mines, producing tons a year, will be closed down July 13. ampanies of the members of the duj >ont family." if AmmifrfpP frfi Quit Justice department attorneys said V-UITimil ICC IU y Ul I hey understand that no one outside f the family holds stock in these companies, which in turn control! E. I. du Pont de Nemours. Clark asserted: "This case is However, he restrained them from working on any Saturday. The same contract terms will main in force despite the termina- tion of the one-year agreemeni tonight. The order blanketed in all east- of-Mississippi operations, including those of the Southern Coal .Pro- ducers association and .the tr. S Steel Corporation, with which Lew- Probe on Klan A congression- al investigating group washed its ..ciB" directed to the hands today of further inquiry into She admits she took papers up the single Alabama's hoojed nightrider trou- she told the jury they were for use concentration of industrial power in connection with her work, statf checkpoint late yesterday, escorted book. bles. After a brief hearing yesterday, Civil Service examination and a I The growth of du Pont, Representative Byrne (D.-N. Y.) Motors, and United States Rubber he had no plans for continuing them to a military'headquarters She swore she loved Gubitchev Positions of market dominance in the Berlin suburb, Pankow, and un- and met nun for that reason their respective fields has been loaded the cargoes, mostly perish- able fruits, vegetables and fish. not espionage, as charged by the marked by the elimination of many government. described a class at a month every consumer who hasjthf.IJ bought cigarettes on which the reg- outside Chicago in 1847 on communis' summer .house ular has not been paid, must file a return with the tax commis- sioner showing the quantity pur- chased. Those who fail to file a return or of a people and that there is such a thing as the dajjger of fascism pay the guilty of tax imposed would be a misdemeanor on cort viction and subject to a fine of not less than or more than WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and continued warm tonight, with local ;hundershowers followed by clear- ng atid cooler Friday. Low tonight 70, high Friday '85. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at. 12 m.- today: Maximum, 67; noon, 95; precipitation, none; sun sets to- at sun rises tomorrow at Additional Weather on Page -M.) Green said he explained at the class "that communists never ad- vocate the use of force and violence but that violence is part of the life growing In this that is growing in this trial is an ex- ample of it." According to the defense, violence could result only from a fascist as- sault', on a democratic or socialist regime. Investors Mutual Declares Dividend Minneapolis The directors of Investors today, .de- clared a quarterly dividend of cents a share. The current derived ex- clusively from, interest and dividend income, Is payable 1949, to shareholders of -record as of June 30, 1949. independent businesses and a de- Jcline in the strength and vigor of those that survived. The relief sought in this case will open the way for small and medium-sized manu- facturers to compete for business in markets which have long been closed to them. One Hundred thousand gallons of kerosene belonging to the Company go .up in flames after Chinese Nationalists' aerial attack near Shanghai. 'The- damage was done at about time the British steamship Anchises was bombed. (AJP. Wirephoto to Ttie Republican-Herald.) Hickenlooper Ends Part of Atomic Probe Washington Hicken-; looper (R-Iowa) today ended the first phase of his'case against the Atomic Energy commission which he has .charged with "incredible mismanagement." Hickenlooper announced to the joint Senate-House atomic commit- 'xe, which, has been hearing the charges, that he feels he can pro- ceed no further publicly until the committee has.acted in closed ses- sion upon sortie- other of his case., He referred to his charges of commission laxity in security mat- ers, which the committee has said he must present behind closed doors; j some international phases of atomic energy operations, 'and "certain 'more or less technical In the meantime, the commission will present'What Chairman David Lilienthal called an'. "account- ing of our stewardship" Tjeginnlng next Wednesday. make this succinct, yet comprehensive- as Lilienthal said. "It should not take many days." 'an investigation into flogging inci- dents which already are under study by F.B J. agents and Alabama law enforcement authorities. Byrne is chairman of a House judiciary subcommittee whioh heard testimony from three Alabama news- paper men yesterday. Car Kills Milwaukeean Milwaukee Gust Karras, 72, Milwaukee, died in a hospital yesterday after being struck by an auto at an intersection. He was Milwaukee county's 32nd traffic fatality of the year. NWA Sued by Kin Of Crash Victim Minneapolis A damage suit growing' out of the crash of a Northwest .Airlines plane near Winona last August 29 was filed in district court here Wed- nesday. Mrs. Eleanor Smith, 5848 Oakland avenue, brought 'the suit as-administratrix of the es- tate of her sister, Ruth M. French, 50, of Toungstown, -mho. was killed in the crash. Mrs. Smith asked damages and for loss of persona) effects of the victim. In the crash, 37 persons were killed, Including three roem- of the crew. By The Associated Press A month-long drought is reach- ing the "disaster" stage in southern New England, a Massachusetts Farm Bureau federation official said to- day. A hot, rainless June over the area, as weK as in parts of New York and New has damaged farm, vegetable and fruit crops; Twenty per cent of the hay crop in southern New England has been lost because of the dry weather, said Carleton L. Pickett, head of the federation. There appeared no Im- mediate prospect of heavy rain in the dry-stricken areas. The most serious effect oC the dry spell, Pickett said, is on pasture land. Nearly adequate rainfall was re- ported in Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont. Earlier this month, however, hazardous, fire conditions had been reported in wooded areas in the three states. New York city's 35 days of drought neared a record. Only .16 inches of rain fell in the metropolitan area' this month, compared with inches for June, 1894, the previ- ous low precipitation. New Jersey has had, no heavy rainfalls for 39 days and crops have suffered heavy damage. Across the country, Portland re- xjrted the worst frost to the grow- ng season in 19 years hit the Kia- math basin of Oregon. Damage in and potato fields appeared leavy. Temperatures skidded to as ow as 18 degrees above yesterday. There was snow along the Cascade ange and measured six inches at Mount Hood. Two inches of new snow fell in he Olympic mountains across Pu-get ound.from Seattle yesterday. Ta- oma's 45 above was the coldest une 29 in 58 years. Temperatures .were in the ver most of the centra! and south- rn states yesterday and more hot, umid weather -was forecast today. The mercury hit above 100 in parts f the plains states. Pleasant tem- eratures were reported in most of le eastern New England, and Pa- ific coast states. Martin County Set For Centennial Fete Fairmont, Minn. Martin county's four-day celebration mark- ing the Minnesota Centennial gets under way here tomorrow with the Kiddie Parade. Leading this first major event of the county-wide festivities will be a XJ. S. Marine detachment from the Twin Cities and three visiting bands. Eleven communities, most of which have already celebrated lo- caljy, will participate. The leaders-1- from each community celebration group worked together on county wide plans from January 1 till yes- terday, when the final details of this 'four-day event were settled. Here are some of the high spots: About SOO entries are expected tor the Northwest States Palomino Show Sunday, for which more than in prize money has been raised locally. Festivities will be climaxed Mon- day with the "combined Fourth of July-Centennial parade. Nearly 300 units have signed up and about half of the Palominos are expected to be kept over for the display. More than 800 persons will take part in 'a historical pageant Mon- day, called "a1 centorama." Those scheduled to appear Include Bebe; Shopp of Hopkins, Miss America of Mary Durey of Minnesota's Centennial queen, and the. Martin county- queen, who is et to. be selected. An even dozen lands and drum and bugle corps will also take part. ;