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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 30, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Clonr mid ft (inulnr ionljrhti Thurmlny fair Jn Thurmlny Jn niornlnff. Full Leaied Wire News Report of The Associated Prew Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 4 8, NO. 114 WINONA, MINNESOTA. WEDNESDAY EVENING. JUNE 30. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS own in Democrats D The Dumps By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington The glum rc.ilgna- tlon ot the lending Democrats has to bo seen to be believed. In the htippy Isolation of the White House Preslclcnt Truman Is reported to retain his tistinl chirpy optimism Something, ho tells his callers, will turn up, and then dwells lovingly on the series of unlikely chances by which he rciichcd his present eminence. But the Republican ticket of Dowcy and Warren has plunged tho Domoc.rntlc party bosses, their labor allies, the Democratic leaders Jn Congress and even some among the President's personal advisers Into n state of dreadful gloom. Tho truth Is that Democrntlcj leadership has been prepared for. TDowoy or tho equivalent. But they had always supposed that If a modern-minded Republican headed tho ticket, ho would bo balanced by some ono like Houso Majority Loader Chnrles H.illeck or Senator Slavs Defy Russ; Urge Balkan Bloc Balloon Over Berlin Raises False Scare Food Planes Used to Plunder City, Soviet Charges Secretary Marshall salrt today the United States will promptly" with basic qucntlons raised the Soviet blockade of Berlin. Bill he Riivn no hint what action is contemplated. (In London, Foreign Secre- tary Ernest Bcvln said the west- ern allies aic considering :i di- rect approach to the Kremlin In an attempt to settle the Berlin crisis.) Marshall salrt In a statement "We Intend to stay" In Berlin. About the time his statement w.-is Issued, it ivas learned the Army Air Force is trohllntr, for tlio time belnp, the number of 1J-29 Superfortresses In Europe. That raises the number to 30. John W. Brlcker, who would open to ensy attack. be FURTHERMORE, by nominating Dowoy nnd Warren, tho Republi- cans deprived tho Democratic lead- ership of what had always been tholr only real hope. This was that nn Isolationist-conservative Repub- lican tho nomination, say, of Speaker Joseph W. Martin could bo made tho pretext for n, move- ment to draft General Dwlght D. Elsenhower ns tho Democratic stan- dard bearer. Tho strongest advocates of drafting Elsenhower, llko Frank- lin D. Rocvifivclt, Jr., now accept the fact that this project has become .Impractical. A good many of them even hope that Elsenhower will somehow reltcrntn his earlier state- ment taking hlmsolf out of the preslclentlal race. They want this to happen so that the opposition to Trumiiri may crystallize more rnndlly around some other candl- Berlin A lone Russian barrage balloon used for artillery range spotting raised ft fnlse scare today on the aerial food ferry line to Soviet-blockaded Berlin. In the mlxup American transport pilots were warned to fly above the level of supposed obstacles to their missions. When the confusion of confllctinfi reports nnd rumors had settled down, It was determined that: 1. The single balloon Russian artillery practice neitr Magdeburg is flown to help flcuro mnsrc anil hearing antl, the Russians have reported periodically, Is never up for more than .in hour at a time. 2, The Russians officially In- formed the British here that Iho old captive balloon hence- forth would never no higher than feet. "Thf Russian's have assured Ber- lin's four-power air safety center that there is only one balloon, a U, S. military offllcal said. The American balloon lasted for about a half hour, Lifeline Threat Senator Alexander Wiley Wls.) blows out a candle atop a giant Wisconsin cheese in Wash- ington. The a ton of on display in a local warehouse. Jt wasu shipped to Washington to call attention to the fact that the Badger state is celebrating the 100th anni- versary of its admission to the CA.P. Wirephoto.) U. S. Help to Nations Aiding Reds Denied ECA Spending 44% Short of Goal Set for First 3 Months Washington 'JPj ECA Adminis- trator Paul G. Hoffman said today American aid may be shut off from any Marshall plan country which sends war-potential goods into So- viet bloc countries. He made that statement at ft news conference where the question of British sale of jet plane engines to Russia was raised. The Economic Cooperation admin- jistrator said certainly any sales of war-potential goods to Soviet-bloc countries will be considered cause for discussions looking to a possible shutdown of American aid. i Hoffman emphasized this policy! would apply not only to American- made recovery goods financed with ECA dollars, but to products pro- duced by the 16 Marshall plan countries themselves. This represented a broadening of TJ.S. policy or. the issue of "contra- band" shipments into the Russian sphere. Previously ECA has stated Newsman Best Gets Life for War Treason V. M. Molotov, front center, Soviet foreign minister, is welcomed at Okecic airport near Warsaw, his arrival to attend the eastern European foreign ministers conference. Left to right. Poland, today on Poan, oay on s ara o foreground are: Zgymunt Modzelewski, Polish foreign minister: Prem er Jose f Cyranklevrtcz of Wllctor Lebediev, Russian ambassador to Poland, and Marshal Michal Rola-Zymierski, Polish minister of national defense. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) _ it would shut off aid If Marshall plan shipments were diverted to Russia. The meeting with reporters mark- ed the end of operations. agency closed Its first quarter with set aside for Eu- ropean recovery shipments. That amount is about 56 per cent of the unofficial goal originally set for shipments to Europe in ECA's Boston Robert H. Best, the flrst three months of operations. American newspaperman and radio propagandist for the German Nazis for a month, was sentenced to- day to life imprisonment for trea- on. The sentence was imposed by Fed- eral Judge Francis J. W. Ford who also ordered Best to pay a fine of Hoffman said the remaining 44 per cent will be carried over com- pletely Into the July-September aid for each country. Hoffman also said: 1. Despite great improvement In European crop prospects, ECA in- tends to go ahead with planned food shipments in. order to improve the European diet. All Calm; Last British Troops Leave Palestine Haifa, last pritlsh troops left the soil of troubled, thus ending 31 years of British military occupation of the Holy land. In strict military order, the few remaining soldiers withdrew behind barbed wire barricades to troop ships and landing craft. British planes from an aircraft car- nfter hearing T. Vincent Qulnn, as- sistant attorney general of the Unit- ed States, appeal for imposition of Jie death penalty. Best's counsel, Charles W. Bart- :ett, asked the court lor leniency on Judge Ford Imposed the sentence 2. EGA does not intend to demand Trumnn will bo Philadelphia, despite this wlde- o -v-..- a supposed The betting b of course approxl- mass of otetacles Just jw old mntely OP to one that PrcMdcnt baUoou that has flown nlonB v. at In the corridor between Berlin the British zone. The false report, presumably bas- ed on information from pilots, first came from Frankfurt and was quickly questioned by American air authorities here. Pilots already had been warned to fly abovo the foot level of the supposed obstacles. The balloon scare developed soon after tho Soviet command and the Russian press in Germany lctt asfcca tne court nor leniency cro Excited U. S. Air Force o ;iclals. Best WQS fanatt isncctlro: n. threat to the aU me-i vp thmioht. ImTto a what he thought best for his country." Bpreiul clcMro to mriko a real show- ing with Douglas or some ono like him. Working for Truman's renoml- natlon arc two oddly vlcctcd poli- tical ngont.i. Oscar Chapman, the tinder secretary of tho Interior, and his old court-Jester, that expert mixer of business nnd politics, George- Alton, .TOST HOW AND when Allen was readmitted to White Houso favor Is not precisely known. His re.aclmts- slon Is nil the stranger. In view of the fnet that he has been tnlklnff firound Washington of in 1C52." which Implies ncknowl-1 mand expressed, a hope that rclgement of Truman's Inevitable regulations would be defeat. In nny cnse. Allen nnd Chap- man, much more than the Demo- cratic chairman, Senator J. Howard McOratli. have been the Truman contact men with the in tho cotirftry. And they are very had made cracks about the food ferry efforts from the west. The Russian press published a suggestion that the food planes were carrying loot out of Berlin on their return trips. The Russian high com- confident they have wwctl up Itx advance. everything Yet the virtual certainty of Presl- Amerlcan nlr officials stoutly denied the Russian charge of plun- dering. They said most planes of the big freight fleet wore returning to western Germany empty. Those returning loaded, they said, carried passengers and. household fumlfhings belonging to Americans leaving Berlin on transfers Into.the dent Twmnn'i renomlnatlon does; S. occupation or going home rot rnenn that the Prudent has to the United States, n hnppvtime ahea'l of him During recent specula ion on use Jn thef place, It Is still probable of balloons General Lucius D. Clay, that the great northern commander 'n Euiopc natrnps, like Ed Flynn ot the asked what he would do if nnVi r.fco AI-VPV nf Chlc-iKo will tell'such obstacles appeared. ?ho FrMldent n'am'v some tlmel "We'd deal with them as during Lr Vi-rrnnvon't'ori tri-xt hU thu he replied. This prcsum- ,s meant they would be shot nble that, they will suggest Truman's. the Tame Bear Chews off Arm Of Boy, 12 Teorla, IH. Twelve- year-old Johnny Dlckerson climbed a three-foot fence to get closer to the cage of two bears in the city's zoo at Glen Oaks park yesterday. He stood near the cage and fed grapes to a 250- pound male Himalayan bear, through the bars. Its mate, also was in the cage, Suddenly, "Tuffy" seized Johnny and pulled him against the bars of the cage and clawed at his left arm. As he screamed, A. B. Eadcs, a concessionaire in the park, grabbed a cane from an elderly man. He Jumped the fence and -thrust the cane into the bear's mouth, forcing it to release Its hold on Dlckerson, Dlckerson's left arm was chewed off above the elbow. The remainder of the arm was amputated at the shoulder after the boy was taken to a hospital. The two bears, Zookeeper Dick Houlihan said, had been con- sidered tame. currency reform along American lines of policy, but will await action by the countries themselves to stabilize their money. However, Hoffman warned that If demoralized 'currency In any country threatens to wreck that nation's re- covery, the American government "can refuse to invest the dollars of the American taxpayer." Repeatedly, Hoffman emphasized that the TJnited States intends to promote a partnership with Europe "without In the slightest degree in- fringing upon the national sover- eignty of any nation." Asked whether Yugoslavia might be brought into the Marshall plan because of present friction between Moscow and Marshal Tito's regime, Hoffman replied: "As far as I can read the news- paper accounts, there is no indica- tion that Yugoslavia won't remain very much In the eastern Farm Bureau Top Lauds Congress St. to the for- ward looking farm legislation of the 80th Congress, the American farmer Is assured a sound economic future, according to Allan B. Kline, presi- dent of the American Farm Bureau federation.. Kline added, "I cen view with con- fidence an agricultural prosperity under this program." He spoke here sod ot the n Is expected j tor the good partv. If this occurs. Truman to make his usual reply, "not a quitter." In thl northern lenders, with the possible exception of the Chicago organlna-j tlon. arc pretty certain to do nothlnej further. Yet the experience will; Imrtlly be enjoyable for the bc-j Iraguerecl President. AS FOR THK CONVENTION it- nelf, Messrs. Chapman, Allen nndi McOrnth will have to step pretty lively to prevent II. from being one' long" horror. The nttaek on Trumnn will come both frnm the Demo- cratic party's left nnd fight. The southerners of the" right have more or less agreed to accept the party's 10-M civil rights plunk, but are insisting on cuiaUtylnc: it with a; states' rights plank. This will throw j the fnt into the flre In the platform committee, The southerners are also planning to nominate such men Harry F. Byrd of Virginia, George of Georgia and Governor j', J. Strom Thurmond of South Una as their section's favorite sons, j .In short, the purpose of the southern Democrats Is still to give the Prcsl- dent the maximum of trouble. I As fcr the left-wing Democrats, the labor groups and such organiza- tions (us the Americans for Demo- cratic Action have lately been work-i ing to get what Is called an "open) convention." Most of those making the fight, like Leon Henderson, have been comparative amateurs In prac- tical politics. Yet President Truman nnd his agents hiivo only teen able to obtain advance commitments from 30-1 of the convention delegates. The rest lire unlnstructcd. Measure to Ban Nun Teachers Leads in N. D. Fargo, N. D. A measure to prohibit nuns from teaching in North Dakota's public schools drew an Increasingly strong vote of ap- proval early today as returns mounted In the state's primary elec- tion. The margin was by no means de- cisive, however, and the- con- troversial measure shared Interest with close-battles for several state offices and two other initiated measures. A heavy, possibly rec- ord primary vote was cast. In the headline fight for the Republican nomination for gover- nor. Governor Fred G. Aandahl was leading Ervln Schumacher to with '661 of the state's precincts counted. A veterans' bonus measure ap- peared headed for almost certain passage. 2 Launch Blast Survivors Saved Cedar Key, harrow- Ing story of three days without food and drinking water in the Gulf of Mexico after the fishing boat Hazel exploded and burned was told today jy two survivors of the ill-fated craft. The Merle Potts and William Sanders, a barber, both of found yesterday by Collier, caretaker at nearby Seahorse Island. The body of Mrs. Ted Hill, a third member of the party of 14 aboard ;he 38-foot boat, was found off Snake Key by Clyde Coulter and several other persons who joined in the surface hunt. last night before some mld-j Levy County Sheriff G. T. Rob- western Farm Bureau Sanders told him four other members of the .party may be alive. They broke away from a group of nine survivors clinging to- gether in the water. Monday morning and swam for an island. That was the last Sanders saw of them. Two of the remaining five sank Monday night, including Sanders' wife. Mrs. Hill went down yes'. r- day morning. Sanders and Mrs. Potts, rescued from a bird rack off Sea Horse Is- land by Collier, were suffering from exposure, shock and numerous scratches Sanders said' were made by needle fish. They were taken to 'is al- Ocala Jn ambulances. 12 states, now attending their an- nual training school. He said he based his outlook on two fundamentals of the congres- sional" provision for variable price supports of, 60 to 90 per cent of parity and second, a ten- year modernization plan for the par- ity formula. Kline pointed out that the public has an interest in the well-being of farmers, saying steel production Is cut to one-fifth of .normal in depres- sion times while "agriculture could not cut production am', still feed a nation. 'The he added, ways there. But even the best farm program will not work unless the consumer has money to satisfy his demand. Grasshoppers Ravage Crops In Mississippi Smoke Still Rises from the wreckage of the vehicular bridge across the Bay of St. Louis between Bay St. Louis, and Hender- son Point. which was destroyed by n. fire the night of June 27. The flames destroyed n half-mile section of the bridge from the maln- Jntul to the drawbridge, resulting in the detourlng of heavy traffic on U. S. highway 90, (A.P. Bassflcld, Miss. Desperate farmers are praying for rain and fighting with flre a hungry army of grasshoppers that is widening a path of destruction through corn and cot- ten different localities have been laid waste by the crunch- ing, crawling insect masses. Governor Fielding L. Wright and Adjutant General W. P. Wilson in- spected the scene yesterday. Wilson made arrangements tor dispatch a C-47'Na.tional Guard plane-to Kan- sas City for needed poison, if it can- not be obtained from nearby New Orleans. Dr .Clay Lyle, a state entomolo- gist, has advised the farmers to use white arsenic cr toxaphene. Farmers have been herding the hoppers to- gether and attacking with burning fuel oil. The farmers said a heavy rain would halt the insect crush. ricr task force buzzed overhead. Lieutenant General Gordon H. A. MacMillan, Britain's last military commander in Palestine, was the last British soldier- to leave Pales- tine, in the evacuation which be- gan on May 15 when Britain gave up its manuate. Colonel Joseph Hoffman of Bal- timore, Md., headed the group of United Nations truce observers who will supervise the big port during the tT.N. truce period. The end of Britain's military rule came quietly, in strange contrast to the years of shootings and bomb- In small groups, marine com- mandos marched from their posts on Mount Carrot. Then they with- drew from the gates of the port all that remained under Brit- was a small barbed wire ________around the entrance of a landing ship through which filed the last British troops.. White-capped Jewish police took over the guard posts ats the marines retired. Haifa's Jews delayed celebrating the event until late this afternoon when the new flag of Israel will be run up over the port city. Bitterness between Briton and Jew persisted to the end. Jewish officials invited MacMillan to r farewell luncheon yesterday, bu the British commander canceled his acceptance when he heard three British tanks had been stolen. One was recovered. Americans Aid Japs in Quake Area Relief Work Fukul, supplies poured today into a 55-mile long strip of western Japan laid waste by a great earthquake that crumpled tills city of and left In ruins a score or more other towns, Military government, granting that this money accord may have been tha set off the Million U. S.-Belgrade Accord Near Bulgaria Backs Up Tito; Leader's Fate Still Mystery Ixmdon Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia, visited building construction sites near Belgrade this afternoon, the Belgrade radio said tonight, It was the first disclosure of Tito's whereabouts since Mon- day's attack by the CoRiinform on his leadership of the Yugo- slav Communist party. London The Yugoslav Communist party asserted that country's independence today from outside domination. Shortly before it had called cominform charges against Premier Marshal Tito and other Red lenders of Yugoslavia "lies, slander and absurd." The Yugoslav communists pro- posed a Balkan bloc of Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Albania and recom- mended that the Yugoslav army strengthened because it the freedom and independence of the people of Yugoslavia." The United States and Yugoslavia were reported near final agreement today on a financial deal which, would net Marshal Tito's govern- ment about The extended negotiations over Man Offers 6 of 10 ChUdren for Adoption Saranac Lake, N. Gates, 52, a World War I veteran, today offered six of his ten children lor adoption because of his Inability to find a place for them to live. The children offered for adoption are a boy, 14, and flve girls ranging in age from 17 to three. Four chil- dren are grown, and three are mar- ried- Inhuman Importation of Wild Animals Banned Tru- man signed into law today a bill prohibiting inhumane and unheaJth- ful importation of wild animals and birds into the United States. The law provides that the secre- tary of treasury shall prescribe con- ditions and issue permits for their transportation to this country. Fail- ure of the Importer to live up t.o the conditions would be regarded as an unlawful act. many bodies may never be found, stuck to an estimate of dead and seriously injured through- out the area. (Occupation headquarters In To- kyo, however, on the basis of Ameri- can medical workers' reports from the scene, put the recovered dead at 56, seriously injured at and slightly injured at It obvi- ously did not include the 200 chil- dren reported by military govern- ment officers to have been crushed to death in a movie theater. (Kyodo news agency reported from. Fukui that police estimated total casualties would exceed dead and injured in Fukul prefecture and 39 dead and 190 injured in Ishikawa prefecture to the north. (The agency said buildings and dwellings were destroyed in the two prefectures.) Sleepless and weary, Americans and Japanese worked side by side looking lor the dead and issuing food and medicine to the living. Long lines of Japanese men and women stood before emergency aid stations to be treated for injuries. Fukui city, once a bustling silk manufacturing center, slowly was returning to life. Regular bus serv- ice was resumed between Takefu and Fukul, a distance of 12 miles. Within the city people moved by oicycle, on foot or in trucks. At least 50 streetcars were stalled on the 'quake-warped tracks. Many were gutted by subsequent flre. Wheat Support Price Indicated Agriculture de- partment officials indicated Tues- day the government's support prices for 1948-crop wheat will average about a bushel nationally for grain stored on farms. Rates will be higher at terminals to reflect handling and transporta- tion charges from farms. Wheat was selling for a national average of at th'e farm on June 15, the department reported. The average is based on the June 15 plwity price of The department Is required by law to support the grain at not less than 90 per cent of parity as of June 1. The July 1 parity is expected to be unchanged from that of mid-June, The support prices averaged about for last year's crop. The new support prices will be announced formally within a day r so. The department supports prices by means of loans to farmers. Loan provide growers an alternative out- .et if the market does not offer ___ _. _._ issues that set off the cominform blast Monday against the Belgrade chief. Washington officials, watching Tito's defiance of the communist high command with obvious sur- prise and delight, kept mum on any possible connection between the financial deal and the Yugoslav- cominform scrap. The Bulgarian government said today "the sound foundations of our relations with Yugoslavia are unshaken" by the cominform blast against Marshal Tito. There was no direct comment on. the proposal today by the Yugoslav Communist party for forming ft Balkan bloc to unite the Albanian. Bulgarian and Yugoslav peoples "on the principles of national equality." Tito himself remained as elusive ta ever. Presumably his voice domi- nated the two Yugoslav utterances because he is the communist chler of state and secretary general of the Yugoslav Communist posi- tion like that of Stalin in Russia, Tito variously was reported at his summer palace in Bled, In Belgrade, on an Adriatic island, in Austria and in Moscow. Avoid Break The British foreign office said Russia and Yugoslavia split over the "degree of Interference which can be exercised by the Kremlin I them as much as the Joan rate. STALIN LOSING TOUCH? Washington Marshal Tito's revolt against Moscuw dictation en- dangers the whole powerful system by which the Kremlin runs the satellite nations along its borders. This is one of the most important angles of the Yugoslav communist crisis which is under intense study at the State department. Cither as- pects of top interest here include the question ol' whether Premier Stalin and his associates are "losing their touch" in the management of International communism since such a thing as this has never happened before. One set that seems fairly safe la this: Stalin's old friend and trusted advisor, Colonel General Andrei A. Zhdanov, is being pressed to find some way out of this crisis that will avoid permanent harm to the communist system. If he docs not, It At this point it is necessary to put in a word about how the Soviet control system operates. The Rus- sian government does not of Itself control the Yugoslav or any other government. The Communist party does the controlling. The Commu- nist party is run by the central committees of the party in the Soviet union. The communist lead- ers, such people as Stalin, Zhdanov and Foreign Minister Molotov, con- trol these pieces of party machinery. They also control the Russian gov- ernment. In turn, the communist group j party program, including the pro- posal of a. Balkan bloc with Albania and Bulgaria, carries the defiance of Moscow a step further. Still Communist By this action, despite his insist- ence that he is still a good commu- nist and a close friend of Russia, Tito has challenged the very core of Soviet communist foreign policy. That core is that through the com- munist chain of command the Kremlin must control each of the eastern European countries sepa- rately. There has been considerable spec- in Yugoslav policy." British sources said both Russia, and Yugoslavia "seem to be trying to avoid nn open break, but only time can show whether they will be able to maintain the status quo. These informants said it was con- sidered likely that Tito had sought a free hand for dealing with the western powers to obtain vitally needed machinery for reconstruc- tion, and had run into Soviet ob- jections. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and vicinity: Clear and ft little cooler tonight; lowest 53. Thursday fair in the forenoon, in- creasing cloudiness in the after- Official observations for the 21 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 80; minimum, 55; noon, 70- precipitation, .30 of an inch; sun sets tonight at sun rises sets tonight morrow at ____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mill. Prec, 45 60 .02 Bemidji Chicago