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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 29, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cool Tonight; Friday Partly Cloudy, Warmer Baseball Friday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 113 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 29, 1950 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Koreans Hold Line South of Seoul Golling Defends Wabasha Probe Jury Returns Verdict For Dr. Ochsner By Gordon R. Closway After two hours and 40 minutes deliberation, a United States district court jury decided late Wednesday afternoon that no damages should be assessed against Dr. C. O. Ochsner, Wabasha surgeon, in a case brought by a Roanoke, Va., man and wife who claimed Dr. Ochsner had left a surgical pack in her abdomen during an operation in January, 1948, The verdict for the defendant the action was returned to Federal Judge Dennis Donovan of Duluth at p.m. The jury be- gan its deliberations at 2 p.m. Plaintiffs in the action were Mr. and Mrs. Gaylord Barney of Ro- anoke. Mrs. Earney contended that because of the gauze pack left in her abdomen, she is unable to bear children. She said the pack was removed in a second opera- tion, at' Roanoke, in June of 1948 Talmadge Re-elected In Georgia Investigation Within Scope Of Duty, Claim Cites Law Requiring Report on All Illegal Practices Atlanta By Charles Barrett re-elected tion, at KoanoKe, m uuue but she didn't fully recover ttorneys for Dr. Ochsner, system headed Talmadge toward rle> ?e f the courtroom when theifour more years of "white supre- accused returned and thanked macv" rule in an era of crowing January of this year. Foley Thanks Jurors John R. Foley of Wabasha, one of the attorneys for Dr. Ochsner, was in the courtroom when the verdict was returned and thanked the jurors on behalf of his client "It was a just he today, "and naturally we are happy about it. It com- pletely vindicates Dr. Ochsner, the Wabasha Community clin- Jc and St. Elizabeth's hos- pital." The verdict Indicates the jurors were of the opinion that the evi- dence of carelessness and negli- gence on the part of Dr. Ochsner was not conclusive and that there was a doubt in Ihelr minds. In Us instructions. Judge Dono van told the jurors that if there was a doubt in their minds or delicate balance of testimony, they should find for the defendant. First ballot of.the jury was re- ported to be seven to five for the defendant and after more than two; hours of discussion, the verdict; was unanimous. Some of the testimony by doc- tors and nurses in Virginia said the gauze pack was 24 inches long. Jurors are believed to have mea- sured the pack and found It ac- tually to be 43 inches long. Judge Donovan thanked the jur- ors for their services and excused them. St. Paul Richard A. Coll- ing, state public examiner, said to- day that the state" legislature did not intend that his office should overlook the "grave, despicable, corrupt acts, such a bribery." Golling replied to claims by Judge Karl Finkelnburg of Winona i that the examiner acted ras ed, tobacco-chewing Herman in the case of John E. Low- ._ v toward madge. A unique county unit system headed to UI strength in yesterday's Democratic! primary. _ Thompson held a steady lead m _ Thompson held a steady lead m, wlc examiner wlth re popular votes but that isnt what, t t audit anfl iiwestiga counts m Georgia-it's county return, from 1 179 of precincts, and 154 of 159 counties, I y J? L gave Talmadge a lead in 116 coun-l Goju ted provisions of a ties and 272 unit votes; Thompson law whicn ne said have Been led m 38 counties with 126 to be appiicable to coun- VOteS. tinrt irtfrpcticratinnc Conducting the case for Dr. the late farmer. of part Law statutes governing the dut- t audit anfl iiwestiga Qf state Golling House Approves Excise Tax Cut ty audits and investigations. he said, "This same law has made it a specific duty of the public examiner, when the audit of a county government discloses malfeasances, misfeas- ance or nonfeasance in any office of the county, to file his report with the county attorney. "The county attorney, after re- ceiving the report, must institute such civil and criminal proceed- ings as the law and protection of the public interests require. Defined as Crimes USE OF LAND FORCES UP TO TRUMAN G.l.'s in Japan Reported Alerted For Move to Korea By John M. Hightower Tru- man was apparently confronted to- day with a decision on whether to order American troops, as well as combat planes and warships, into the fight to save southern Korea from Communist conquest. A possible further commitment of American forces was indicated by a report from Tokyo saying some U. S. troop units in Japan had been alerted to be ready for action. Highly placed informants here said late last night that no deci- sion to put them in action had yet been made. It was also said that when a decision was made either for or against using troops, it would be taken fay the President himself. Heartened By U. S. Bomber attacks which today blasted invad- ers from Kimpo airfield, 16 miles west northwest of North Korean- held Seoul, South Korean defense forces today stabilized their main battle line, indicated on the map above with a jagged line and arrows, along the Han and Pukhan rivers, from Kspyong, about 20 miles northeast of Seoul, westward to the sea at Inchon. Defenders have been ordered to hold the line at all 'costs to protect the main American aerial beachhead at Suwon, 20 miles south of Seoul and advance headquarters for General MacArthur'x field officers. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Communist Control Law Asked for U.S. By Edwin B. Haakinson senators applied pressure today for weimea congressional action on a "Communist control" bill before Congress "The offenses mentioned in thisjadjourns. They claimed wide public support. law have been defined by ourj issue T nnn ine issue ex- courts as nonfeasance, misfeasance! conducting- else tax-cutting bill "veto proof- d malfeasatice, m other Leader Ochsner was R. A. Scallen of Min- ing" it with a a year a neapolls, assisted by Mr. Foley boost in new levies on big and Judge L. F. Murphy of i na Attorneys for the plaintiffs! But the ultimate fate of any tax we're Charles Noonan and Horace reduction at all may be tied 'upon Hitch of Minneapolis and Walter the Korean war ....Ibylaw The House action tossed the bill! v. that the public examiner, report on the conduct of! Scott of Roanoke. Mr. Noonan conducted the plaintiff's case. it, revise it, or kill it, depending Because attorneys for the plain- on developments whether more tiff in another action scheduled for money for American fighting trial Wednesday afternoon were equipment will be needed. not in court, Judge Donovan dis- missed the case. j LT16 CflSC i t jt-wwi-Uf uuw w Called for trial was the personal publican move to split the bill injury suit brought by John S. Jor- Eense'n against the Chicago Great Western railway. Plunkett a n d tax reduction, the Republicans Plunkett of Austin were attorneys tried to get separate votes on one for Jorgensen. The railroad was bill reducing excises, and then on represented by John McEachron of another dealing with the tax in- Minneapolis. ua----qj Informed that the Plunkett law provisions of the one-package mea- Bu't failing in this effort many firm was not in court, Judge Don- sure. ovan said, "n they aren't here in ten minutes. I'll dismiss the case. The lawyers must be ready to go to trial when the case is called. Quite a sum of money is being paid to tie jurors and we can't wait for attorneys. The public is complaining about high taxes. Let's once. get on with trial at Mr. McEachron then moved that the Jorgensen action be dismissed without prejudice to the railroad and the motion was granted. The selection of a jury in the Swanson-Clark cases then got un der way. Holiday May Traffic Kill 385 Chicago Three hundred and eighty-five may die, and the biggest traffic jam in history will pile up in the 102 hours between Friday evening and midnight of July 4. the National Safety Council predicted today. Of the millions who take to the highways for the holiday about 385 won't get home. They'll be the un- fortunates whose trips will end in morgues and mortuaries, victims of their own or "the other fellow's" carelessness. "Nearly all drivers know by now that holidays demand extra cau- tion and behave the council said in a statement. a certain reckless minority will cause about 385 deaths and un- counted injuries if past experience is repeated again this The council said vehi- cles will be on the move during the four days. They will use gallons of gasoline in rolling up miles. over to the Senate, which may take that our lawmak- (Continued on Page 19, Column 6) GOLLING Just ahead of its final vote the House rejected, 238 to 147, a Re- creasing and loophole plugging Republicans, committed to excise reduction, joined with Democrats in the final vote for the bill. The House, with this vote and with its work far ahead of the Sen- ate, then made ready to begin tomorrow a ten-day July 4th re- cess. The tax bill would slash the ex- cises, many of them imposed in World War n, on jewelry, furs, pocketbooks, movies, baby bottle warmers and scores of other items. These cuts might become effec- tive September 1 or October 1. While slashing the excises sometimes called nuisance or sale.; taxes the measure would make up the revenue loss by the boost on big corporations, loophole plug- ging and other tax law revisions. Soo Locks Closed To General Public Sault Ste. Marie, the interests of security the Soo Locks are now closed to the pubic. The order, applyng for an in- definite period, was issued yester- y. No one without special identifi- cation will be permitted inside the gates until further notce, said an announcement. Clifford Aune, locks superintend- ent, said the order came from Lieu- tenant Colonel John D. Bristor, dis- trict engineer for the Army's De- troit district, corps of engineers. Still, the restrictions are not as tight as during the last war. At that time crew members of all ships passing through the locks were screened by troops on guard. The latest order, however, is stifl'er than its immediate predeces- sor of a day earlier. On Tuesday the locks were ordered closed from Auto Industry Ready to Shift To War Work L that might u and other ------up law-making July 31. A strategy session late yesterday of the Senate Republican policy I committee produced the new move, apparently timed to the U. S. ulti- matum against Communism in the Far Pacific. Chairman Taft (R.-Ohio) of the Republican policy makers tsld re- porters that the proposal to require the registration and restriction of Communists in this country is "suf- By David J. Wilkie, ficiently important" to ask that it Associated Press Automotive Editor be added to the list of "must legis nation's giant lation." auto industry built worth of armament in World War bill or o armam it could build much more much port a Communist registration faster if another emergency arose, reported favorably more than two curity measures." That's the view of high auto in- dustry sources today. Nobody doubts the industry has a tentative program for arms production in another war. But its expecutives don't talk about war production possibilities excepting in generalities. Yet it probably isn't much of a secret that just about eveiy auto industry plant has been surveyed as to its adaptability to armament production and tha.t every manu- facturer knows what'he will be asked to make. Because it was caught unpre- pared the auto industry needed many months to convert to all-out war work after Pearl Harbor. Informed sources say that if an- cne IOCKS were oraereu uiuacu iium i-.nJ..-it.w 11 p. m. to 7 a. m. for ten days as other emergency arises the conver- a 'temporary expedient test of se- sion to arms production will be quick add and decisive. Lieutenant Robert Wayne, right, of Garden City, L. I, flying a F-82 Shooting Star fighter, is recorded as one of the first to score against North Korea aircraft. He knocked down two Russian-built Yak m fighters, left, over Kimpo airport near the fallen South Korea capital city of Seoul. Taft Backs BUI Taft said Republicans would sup- months ago by a 12 to one vote of the Senate judiciary committees. They may propose some changes, he added. Co-sponsors of this measure are two Republicans, Senators Mundt of South Dakota and Ferguson of Michigan, and a Democrat, Sena- tor Olin D. Johnston of South Caro- lina. Taft said Republican Leader Wherry of Nebraska would ask Democratic Leader Lucas to add this to the pre-adjournment legis- lative schedule. Lucas, asked about this, said he must consult the Senate Democra- tic policy committee before any de- cision. It was a good bet that tic leaders would be reluctant to cer- tain to sprout many campaign year speeches in the a list that already is overcrowded. Killed in Senate The pending.Senate measure is a revision of a former anti-Commu- nist measure, known as the Mundt- Nixon bill, that won overwhelming approval in the House two years ago but died in the Senate. It would require registration of all members of the Communist par- ty and all officials of so-called "Communist front" organizations. It would deny government jobs or passports to Communists and im- pose heavy penalties for violations. Mundt and Ferguson appeared at the closed-door G.O.P. policy ses- sion to win backing of that group for consideration. "The climate is certainly condu cive for congressional passage of this right Mundt told report- ers. "If we are asking our boys to die fighting in Korea and other areas we certainly should protect them from sabotage behind their backs here at home." Ferguson said the measure would handle Communists and all subver- sives in "the American way, with public records and hearings and full access to the courts." Mac Arthur Sees Tight Defense In Fighting Zone War At a Glance By The Associated Press Korean forces behind pounding of seven Ameri- can B-29 Superforts reoccupy Kimpo airfield in counteroffensive. Defenders ordered to hold Han river line, running south of Seoul, at all costs. General MacArthur returns to Japan after flying visit to front which apparently heartened him. Superforts blast many Red-held targets with "good results." U. S. Warships shell Communist installations. Communist radio says U. S. planes bombed Pyongyang, North Korea capital, but there is no confirmation. Truman reported weighing whether to order U. S. ground troops into action in Korea following alert to troop units in Japan. U, S, scans reports of troop movements in Com- munist bloc countries near Yugoslavia and Middle East. Lake Nations ignores Russia's legal challenges, pushes assembling of international force to repel Korea invalers. denounces as illegal the United Nations order to members to use armed force to stop Korean aggression. Soviet public appears calm. Australian and New Zealand fleet units of- fered to U. S. to aid in Korean situation, promising mighty sea force for United Nations. MacArthur returned today from a dramatis imaeu. tour of Korea and his headquarters said the front had been stabilized Speculation of some the Han river just south of fallen Seoul, that he might act today rested on I U. S. Superforts and American navai units from Japan thundered blasted Seoul's airfield, which was reported reoccured es, even witn tne neip tnus lar giv _________________-----------by southern troops. A headquarters announcement said U. S. warships hit North Ko- rean naval and ground units near Inchon, the port of Seoul west ol the lost capital of South Korea. American warships, ordered to prevent Communist seaborne rein- forcements from .landing, shelled North Korean naval and ground units near the Communist-held South Korea port of Inchon, on the Yellow sea coast. The Cruiser Ju- neau patrolled the east coast to pre- vent strenghtening of Communist beachheads. MacArthur returned from the fighting front after seeing for him- self what the situation was. He said thai the southerners had stif- fened and appeared heartened, An American fighter drove off North Korean plane that tried to attack the unarmed C-54 transport in which the commander of all U. S. forces in the Far East flew to Korea and back 15 hours later. View Battle MacArthur and his key officers drove by automobile to the edge of Seoul and saw the toughening southern resistance a direct re- sult of mounting American aid. The main battle has stabilized along the Han river just South of the capital which fell to the Reds yesterday, reported Associat- ed Press Correspondent Russell Brines who made the trip with MacArthur. This was the encouraging pic- ture reported by Brines: American bombing and supply operations have been stepped up. South Korean forces have lost some of their initial shock. They are regrouping hundreds of infan- trymen who were cut up by the Red drive, spearheaded by Russian-built tanks, that rolled over Seoul yesterday. MacArthur appeared heartened and so did the Koreans.. MacAr- thur's officers said they believe the South Koreans can hold their pres- ent line. Some of them face an equal force of Reds along a 75-mile front. Moscow The fighting in This line stretches along the Han Korea has made the Russian people from its confluence with the Puk- en by the United States, have been, unable to check the Communist ad- j vance. Prompt Aid Necesasry Moreover the swift sweep of the tank-led columns indicated that the time for further American action, if it is taken, may be relatively short. A Tokyo dispatch said top authori- ties there believed American troops action could not be long delayed if South Korea was to be saved. Whether General Douglas Mac- Arthur's dramatic flying visit to the Korean front had any relation to his ideas on using American troops could only be guessed at here; but the very disclosure of an alert to some ground forces indicated he may favor stronger American ac- tion and has gone to the combat zone to see how it can be made ef- fective. In his declaration of policy Tues- day Mr. Truman made no refer- ence to the use of troops, saying only that he had ordered air and sea forces to support the South Korean government. In addition to the question about the use of combat troops, depend- ing on how the actual fighting de- veloped, top officials soberly watch- ed for clues of Russian reactions. Kus; Action Awaited Two points have been considered of utmost importance In future! Kremlin conduct: Whether Soviet! leaders would tell the Korean Com- muists to stop fighting and pull out. and, if they did not do that, what attitude they would take toward aiding the Communists. Early today Russia announced that it considers illegal the United Nations resolution of Tuesday night calling on members to take police the United States -and Britain are doing against the North Koreans. The Russian posi- tion was set forth in a note to U.N, Secretary-General Trygve Lie. Although this made Russia's at- titude public and official it did not appear to change the situation ma- terially as Russia has boycotted U.N. activities for months. More- over no one here expected the Rus- sians to contribute forces to use Vice-Adroiral Charles T. Joy, above, is in command of the U. S. warships based in Japan. These are the light antiaircraft cruiser Juneau and four de- stroyers. President Truman or- dered U. S. planes and war- ships in the Far East to aid South Korean forces. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Russians Not Overly Excited By Korean War against their Korean satellite, Extension of Pike's ACP Tni-m Hnnncarl accom- Atl lermUpposed dicate this week has been just like beachhead at Suwon, 20 any other. Moscow residents fol- , 0{ Secul low the Korean situation in news- ntL offi Senate bers of the joint Atomic Energy fashion. Nothing even resembling undue UCiS Ul bile JVilllj Abuuiili j committee voted five to four today I agitation among the people has ap- to ask the Senate to reject the nom--------J ination of Acting Atomic Energy Chairman Sumner T. Pike for a new four year term. Senator Edwin C. Johnson (D.- Colo.) cast the deciding vote against Pike in a committee that otherwise split along straight party lines. Chairman McMahon (D.-Conn.) announced he will report the nom-j peared. ant General George E. Stratemey-1 er, commander of U. S. Far East Air Forces. Shortly after MacArthur's plane set down in Korea, Stratemeyer's ;area. set down in auawuiieyer The city's summer social season headquarters announced in Tokyo laic is at its height for the diplomatic corps, with numerous parties be- ing given. Last night black and bare shoulders scurried to ra- the Boeing superfortresses made their first attack this dios to hear President Truman speak to the American newspaper guild. Reception was good. The local newspapers have con- ination adversely to the Senate. tinued to follow the Korean sit- Senate rejection of appointments I uation closely. Here were some of usually follow such committee today's headlines: "Peoples Army Liberates City of tion. McMahon said that because of a pending foreign arms bill, the Sen-, ate cannot act on the Pike nomina- tion until next week, probably after July 4. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Fair and continued cool tonight; lowest 50. Friday partly cloudy and somewhat warmer with chance of showers in the late afternoon or evening; high- est 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations tor the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maxmum, 75; minimum, 52; noon, 75; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Addtional weather on Page 19. Seoul." "Report from Command Peoples Army Korean Peoples Democratic Republic." "Aggressive Actions by United States in Korea." "American Reports on Military Actions in Korea." Aggression Against Korean Peoples Democratic Republic was Prepared." The Korean situation certainly is being talked about. But it is difficult to say whether it is as hot a topic among the Russian people as the current situation in the Soviet union's big league football race or the nice weather Moscow has been having. The foreign diplomatic corps, however, has not been so busy in a long time. Drawing rooms buzz with whispered confidences, ques- Airfield Blasted The big bombers capable of carrying- atomic bombs blasted Seoul's Kimpo airfield "with con- ventional bombs. F.E.A.F. head- quarters did not disclose how many participated but said primary tar- gets were hit with "good results." All returned to their base, presum- ably Guam. The Korean mission in Tokyo said that South Korean forces, aid- ed by the Superfort assault, storm- ed back on the offensive. They were driving back the heavy Red concentration of Soviet-made tanks from the western sector of the cap- ital, it asserted. The mission also declared fierce fighting was going on at Kimpo airfield, 16 miles west-northwest of Seoul, and at Red-held Uijongbu, 12 miles north of Seoul. Before the mission issued its en- couraging statement, the southern forces were reported in grave con- dition: So bad that authoritative sources in Tokyo said some Amer- ican combat troops had been plac- ed on the alert to move into Korea 'at a moment's notice." So far no U. S. ground combat Witn wnispereo, ou tions and statements, all largely troops have been sent to the war based en the Korean question. zone. ;