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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 29, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Fair tnnlrlit and with nindprttte tomperaturo. Full Lowed Wire Newt Report of The Associated Preii Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 48. NO. 113 MINNESOTA. TUESDAY EVENING. JUNE 29. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Smell of Munich in Berlin Crisis By Josoph and Stewart Alsop over tho strange ciuadrcnnlal rites of the political conventions has tended to obscure ono grim fact. That Is that within ton to 20 days the United States (and England and France) may havo to rrmko the most crucial decision since tho war, The Soviet blockade on food and supplies for Borlln may soon bo lifted. But If It Is not, tho Berlin population will begin to starve In less than three weeks. And the western powers will then havn to deckle whether to leave Berlin or to find some way to force tho Soviets to reopen tho sup- ly lines. Moreover, even If, as has been re- ported, tho Russians soon lift or modify their blockade of the western sectors of Berlin, the cat-and-mouse game which the Russians have start- ed will not be. played out, for the Soviets aro clearly determined to force tho western powers out of tho German capital. And short of shooting, blockade Is the Only Sov- iet weapon to achieve that end. IT IS INTERESTING that even now, although lights are burning late in the State department and in tho British and French foreign U. S. Preparing Answer on Berlin Tito Spanked By Soviet for Eyeing West Slav Desire for Western Goods Irks Kremlin By The Associated Press A brawl in the international com- fa'mlly with Yugoslavia's premier Marshal Tito as the main out In the open today. Tito, long regarded as n pillar of communism and n steady follower of tho party line, was denounced yesterday by the cominform the communist international informa- tion told to mend his ways or be purged. The cominform blast, first pub- lished In Prague, accused Tito and his top aides of pursuing a hateful policy toward Russia, of leaning to- ward the West and of departing from the party line by "undertaking an entirely wrong policy on the principal questions of foreign and internal Prom all appearances, the de- nunciation caught many communists offices, no flnnl decision on the western reaction to n since the reaction was blockade has been taken. It has, not so prompt as is customary. not been taken simply because It is hoped almost desperately that it will never have to be taken. Thin hopo springs from the fact that tho Soviet and tho starving of the German population in one grave and evident weakness. The Russians are now using every means at their disposal, Including the most overt appeals to German nationalism, to win the German people to their side in the struggle to gnln control of all Germany. And starving people aro not usually warmly Inclined to thoso responsible for their starva- tion. Therefore, It is the short-range Intention of the western powers to exploit this Soviet weakness to the utmost. If the Soviets continue their blockade. Trucks and railway rars will bo filled with food and There was no immediate comeback from Inside Yugoslavia. Tito himself was reported to be at his summer home in Bled, In northwestern Yugoslavia. A high Yugoslav diplo- matic source in Rome declared "Marshal Tito is still in power." That was last night. Probably 'Taken Care Of At Lake Success, Dr. Jan Fapanek. former Czech U, N. delegate ex- pressed belief that Tito may be in gravo personal danger, while high U. S. diplomatic officials in Wash-j ington expressed the opinion that the Yugoslav marshal and his as- sociates may already have been "taken care of." By "taken care they meant Tito may have been removed as head of Yugoslavia's governi. ?nt, or merely "immobilized" for a period of thinking and liquid- Super Chief Derailed in Arizona Yards Locomotive, Three Tip Over at Winslow Santa Fe railroad's luxury passenger train, the Super Chief, was derailed today in the Winslow yards, Morris Richards, editor of the Winslow Mall, said he was told the train "turned over." Richards said he was Informed "several" persons were 'injured. He said all doctors in the city were summoned to the scene of the wreck. Santa Fe spokesmen reported the four-unit diesel locomotive and three cars overturned, the following sleeper was listing at a 45 degree angle and the next three Pullman cars were derailed but upright. The eastbound Super Chief was a 12-car train. The accident occur- red at a, m. The flrse report said the locomo- When Fire Destroyed a lour-story plant ol the Pruett-Schaiffer Chemical Company at Pittsburgh this morning exploding naW and paint oiums made it sound like an artillery barrage Fu-e H. Davis estimated damage at Two men were hurt. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican Herald.) _______________.._ _______ Jap Quake Casualties May Be High As supplies for the hungry Germans of! ated. Berlin, drawn up nt the borders! The text of: the cominform's of the Soviet and western zones, a few hours out of Berlin, Kvery medium ot Information, Including tho radio and tho western-licensed Berlin press, will be used to make it known to tho Bcrllncrs that these supplies arn available If tho Russ- ians will let tho trucks and trains through, THUS, IF THE Beriinors arc to jitarvc, they will at least know who Is responsible for their starvation. It Is hoped and believed that for political reasons the Soviets cannot afford to accept this responsibility. Yet It Is certainly possible? that the strategists In the Kremlin, cither now or later, may decide that the prlzo of a- western evacuation of Berlin is worth the price of the hatred of some millions of impo- tent Ocrmnn.i. What then? That question was clearly para- mount some weeks ago when one of theso predicted from Berlin the blockade which the Soviets havo now Instituted. The final answer to the question docs not depend on General Lucius Clay, General Sir Brian Robertson or tho other western officials on the spot. Since It Is a matter Involv- ing pcaco or war. It depends rather on decisions matin In Washington, word blast seemed to Indicate that Tito and his men may yet have a chance. It said, at one point: "The aim of these sound elements of the Communist party of Yugo- slavia Is to force their present lead- ing factors to confess openly and honestly their faults ar.d correct them; to part from nationalism; to return to internationalism and in every way to fix the united social- istic front against imperialism. Or if tho present leaders of the Com- munist party of Yugoslavia prove unable to do this task, to change them and to raise from below a new leadership of the Communist party in Yugoslavia. The Information bureau does not doubt that the Communist party can fulfill this task." Nonetheless, the cominform state- Imcnt showed, this will be an uphill struggle, because by recent acts: "The 'central committee of the Communist party ot Yugoslavia puts Itself and the Yugoslav Communist party outside the family of brotherly communist parties, outside the com- munist front and, therefore, outside the rank of the information bur- T.ooks Toward West American and British officials in Gcrmanw thought perhaps Yugo- and Paris, that strong desire for goods from havo not yet been taken. Yet In; (jlc machinery and! Berlin tho question has been n sub-j manufactured K0ods might have Jcct of anxious discussion at somc connection with Tito's levels of tho western command, and j lroublcs- tho alternative western responses slRrls 0; dissension inside to a continued Soviet blockade have .Yugoslavia were seen when Srcten for weeks been grimly obvious. Tho western powers can leave Berlin, having first announced that they arc leaving only to save the German population from the star ___ vatlon with which Russian actions; the havo threatened them, The Soviet i Zujovlc and Andrea Hcbrang, for- mer ministers in the government, were purged. Cominform, said they were thrown out of the party "be- cause they had dared to criticize conceptions of the niid to express themselves union could then be forced out friendship of Yugoslavia the United Nations for flagrant1 wltn soviet Russia." breach of treaties, and the whole Some saw It as another hint of Soviet sphere Isolated from the rest trouble when Marshal Tito's 5Cth of the world while a constant vlgl- 1 birthday passed last May 25 without lant guard is posted nround it. 'the customary congratulatory rr.cs- Ccrtaln subsidiary measures could Ungc from Prime Minister jn London, Yugoslav diplomats no severance of relations bo bc taken: for example, there has been discussion of the possibility the Berlin Germans who have most courageously fought, the commu- nists. YKT THKKK Is no use blinking i the fact that n western evacuation of Berlin, even under these dreum- stances, wotiltl have a strong smell, of Munich. The alternative Is some- j how to force the Soviets to reopen the .supply lines Into Berlin. No one, cither In Berlin or Washington, is certain Just how this could be clone. How to force the Russians, for example, to repair a railway brldne which they have allowed to break down? As one official put it: "You can't repair a railway with tommy-gunners and And whatever technique is used to force the reopening of the supply lines, tho risk ot war Is always im- plicit, however small the risk may be. Election year or no election year, nnd whether or not the Soviets now temporarily raso the blockade, the western response to Soviet pressure In Berlin Is clearly n subject which requires plenty of hard, sober thought. (Continued on Co.umn 2.) TITO Narcotics Found on Garbage Scow Now fortune In smuggled morphine and heroine was found yesterday on iv scow after officers had spent four days (llKRlnc through 200 tons Value of the. dope was esti- mated variously from to Six persons arc being held on charges of smuggling narcotics. Sifting of garbage on a scow anchored off Statcn Island be- gan after police were tipped that ;i dope smuggler, fearful of cap- ture, had tossed a. burlap bag containing the narcotics onto the scow from a liner. Discovery of the dope was an- nounced by police. Big Dog Found Mile At Sea Qulncy, ocean- going great Dane dog, picked up a mile at sea, was responding to treatment of his rescuers to- day. George and Kenneth McManus reported they were attracted to the dog yesterday by a faint bark which they first thought was that of a seal. _ The 125-pound, tan colored animal apparently had been in the water a considerable length of time. It was completely ex- not too done-in to refuse a big helping of ham- burger when they reached shore. There was no immediate ex- planation of how the dog got so far from shore. The McManus' held the ap- parently valuable canine over- night in the hope its owner would appear before they turned it over to the Animal Rescue league. Warren Confers With Dewey on Campaign Plans By Henry Leader rawlinjr. N. Y, Governor Thomas E. Dcwcy and Governor Earl Warren put their heads to- gether today to map an election campaign designed to make the most of their respective vote-get- ting talents. As the Republican presidential nominee, Dewey is expected to as- sume the leading sustained frontal assault on the Democratic administration's conduct of foreign policy. On the broad shoulders of his running mate will faK a large share of the burden of winning the west for the G.O.P. next November. The Californlan will be called up- on to convince the Rocky mountain All Americans in Area Escape Serious-Injury Quake at a Glance per cent, of the destroyed. Some fires itlll burning, but under control. The original estimate of 600 casualties la not confirmed." police are 95 dead, 150 injured, 101 bouses destroyed or damaged. Initial reports that the entire town was destroyed with 300 dead and injured were found to be erroneous. casualties and minor damage. Headquarters said the In- formation was furnished by Japanese police, Japanese Ked Cross units and welfare ministry disaster workers. By Franfc.L. White shattered Rennebohm Urges 4-Year Term for Badger Governor Governor Oscar Rennebohm wants the olHce of gov- ernor to be a four-year1 term instead of two. He made the recommendation in an address to the Wisconsin Con- ference of Association last night. Governor Rennebohm said he be- lieved the state executive could ac- complish more in one four-year term than in two consecutive two- year terms. "The same opinion is held by most Tough Diplomatic Moves Forecast; Food Flown to City States officials were reported ready- ing new, tough diplomatic moves today to crack Russia s land White House and State department officials main- tained a Uglit-Jipped silence, indications mounted ttiat a diplo- matic stroke aimed directly at Inhumanity Of Kremlin Denounced By KIchard Kasischke British military governor today denounced as "ruth- less inhumanity" the Soviet blockade of Berlin. The German city government pre- pared an appeal for United Nations intervention. Reports from Copen- hagen said approaches had been track rounding a curve jmade to the Danish government to near the Winslow roundhouse and plowed into several cars in an ad- jacent parking lot. The Santa Fe had no report of any injuries. Labor Complaint Issued Against Lewis Union transmit the appeal. The British commander. General Sir Briari Robertson, made his de- nunciation at a meeting of the Ger- man zonal advisory council for the British zone at Hamburg. His strong language indicated he probably had received a rebuff from tile Russians on his demand of last Saturday that they lift immediately their transport embargo on Berlin or take blame for starving Washington Robert N. Denham, National Labor Relations board general counsel, Issued an un- fair labor practice complaint today against district 31 of John L. Lewis' United Mine Workers of America. Denham charged that 17. M. W, members, obstructed entrances of four West Virginia coal mines and refused to let non-union, workers come up from underground until they signed U. M. W. membership The incident occurred during the six-week mine shutdown over the miners' pension dispute in March. A hearing on the complaint will be held before n NLRB trial ex- aminer August 10. The U M. W.'s district 31 also is accused in the complaint of violating the Tart-Hartley labor act at the four mines by conducting mass picketing and beating up non- of the two-year men that I talked to j union -workers in seeking to compel at the recent governors' conference them to cease work and ;oin tlic union. Mine Shut-Oown Charged The complaint charges the union Fukui, Pukul area felt new earth tremors tonight. Military government of- ficers estimated quake casualties Monday's earth- would mount to and Pacilic coast states that a Re-ias It reported publican victory will mean adequate 'less.) dead and injured Japanese. No new damage was reported. All Americans in the stricken area escaped serious injury but a number were bruised and burned slightly. American relief reached the quake scene to aid the injured and lomeless. 200 Children Crushed Military government officers said 200 children were crushed to death when a motion picture theater col- apsed in the flrst shock. Their have been recovered. At a school 22 more children and two adults were reported crushed. Major General Joseph W. Swing, U. S. Army flrst corps commander, said he doubted the death list for the whole stricken area would cx- ceed 300 but the total injured may eventually reach He said there wxs no evidence of any tidal waves striking the shore from the Sea of Japan. The governor of Fukul prefecture estimated were killed in the violent quake. (The Tokyo news- paper Asahi gave the number of dead and injured in the prefecture home- at Portsmouth, N. he said. The governor declared he was not advocating consecutive four-year terms by one governor. "However, a governor should be eligible to run again alter a lapse of four he said. The chief executive warned that the fuel outlook for the state this winter is poor and predicted the oil shortage would be as bad as it was last winter. "We must conserve, wat'ih and be careful or we will go tbrjugh the same situation which wi: suffered last he said. Governor Rennebohm told the executives they should n con- stant check on state and national government officials. Failure to do so might lead to si complete central- ization of the government, he de- clared. Plans are under way to acquire an federal aid ior land reclamation. Warren In one of the nation's fore- most champions of reclamation. Still ringing in western ears is President Truman's criticism of the G.O.P.-controllod 80th Congress for failing to give the West sill the money it said it needed for irriga- tion and reclamation. Today's conference of the Re- publican standard bearers has as Its locale the Quaker hill farm of Like Big Bald Americans here who went through the 'quake, said it was almost as if Pukul. which was leveled by Superforts late In the war, was hit by an atom bomb. The city of 000 is heavily damaged. The first tremors burst water mains. Fires flashed but Ameri- cans and Japanese were helpless before the flames without water. wooden Dowey, two miles outside Pawling. Hnlr tne clty> rebuilt The two governors huddled twice houses and structures, went down in but the first temblor or so. Ninety-five per cent of what was left was burned and scorched and turned last Friday at Philadelphia, they had no chance to talk at length. So Dewey invited Warren to come to his Dutchess county re- treat today and bring with him Mrs .Warren and their three daugh- Warrens have been sight- seeing in New York city since Sun- day. tcrs. The He Asked For It Chicago Constantino A, Fotltch, former Yugoslav envoy to the United States, said today that into rubble. A few of the Americans here suf- fered minor cuts, bruises and burns. Many lost their possessions. Military personnel, totaling 17 officers, 17 enlisted men and two civilians, fought valiantly through- out the night and day to fcelp the suffering Japanese. Flames still seared their faces as they led the Japanese to safety on "Tito finally got what he asked edge of the ravaged town. forced the mines to shut down by closing up the exits and permitted the non-union workers to come up only If they signed U. M. W. union membership applications. -As a condition of release from the complaint sa d, the employes were required to sign ap- plications for membership in the UIAlPfour coal mines are in Preston W Va A hearing on the NLKB com- plaint pending against the U. M.W. The other one was filed by the Southern Coal Producers association on charges that Lewis and the TJ M. W. failed to bargain with the southern, association in the recent 1948 contract negotiations. entire building in Milwaukee for Lewis eventually agreed to bar- state use Rennebohm said. He re- gain with the Southern Association f, Jated that the state now is paying a year for rent in several of-1 flees scattered throughout the city. NLRB obtained a federal court injunction June 4 requiring him to do so. Kremlin might be unleashed to- morrow or Thursday. The nature of any such plan was cloaked in strictest secrecy, but signs pointed to a stern note de- manding that Russia lift the eight- day old blockade' and quit other unity-hampering take responsibility for the consequences. The Air Force meanwhile stood ready to rush more cargo planes to the beleaguered German .capital if needed to help ferry food and other urgently needed supplies to residents cut off in the western zones. Planes on Way Already some 39 giant C-54's wero winging their way to Germany from as far away as Alaska and the Caribbean. An Air Force spokesman said no further requests for planes had been received from XT. S. occupation au- thorities. But he told a reporter scores more of the transport craft were available. Meanwhile diplomatic and mili- tary officials held a fast-breaking scries of conferences here and abroad which pointed to an early break in the Berlin impasse. __ ___ These were the major develop- Berllners of the western occupation ments; sectors. i. under Secretary of State Lov- ctt conferred with President Tru- man yesterday and later attended Wliite House cabinet session. There was no official word on the topics under discussion, but it was learned that one of them, was the Berlin situation. 2. Under Secretary of the Army William Draper and U. S. Ambassa- dor Lewis W. Douglas went into m. London huddle with Britain's For- eign Secretary Ernest Bevin. Dra- per than flew to Berlin to Joint Lieutenant General A. C. Wede- mcyer of the U. S. general staff for Nations was "the only institution to which Berlin can appeal in its pres- ent distress." Tile city's parliament is to meet late today to consider the appeal. She said the note as drafted could "not be considered an affront (Continued on Pasre Iff, Column 3.) KREMLIN Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and tonight and Wednesday with moderate tem- Sir Brian said continuation of the blockade would constitute an act of ruthless inhumanity unparalleled in world history and would earn world condemnation. Helpless Punished "The people of the world will con- demn unhesitatingly this effort to gain political advantage by an at- tempt to starve the he as- serted. He added that Britain's course in the Berlin crisis was firm. Frau Louise Schroeder, Berlin's socialist lord mayor, said the city government had decided the United conferences with the American commander, General Lucius D. Clay. jronlRomcry Called 3. Prime Minister Attlee sum- moned Field Marshal Viscount Montgomery, chief of the British im- perial general staff, to a special cabinet session last night. Bevin meantime put ofT until Wednesday a. statement on over-all British policy in Germany which he had been scheduled to make be- fore Parliament. yesterday. The series of conferences seemed to Indicate American and British officials were speeding groundwork "4. T Tor the diplomatic moves presum- pcrature. Low tonight 56, belng forked out at top levels. Wednesday 82 j fhe fact that Bevin postponed his LOCAL wt.AJ.HtM. 'parliamentary report until Wcdnes- Offlcial observations for the 24 that thc United States and Britain may be planning simul- taneous statements then. Authorities here laid stress on. actions rather than words to re- solve the deadlock. They pointed out that the immediate task con- fronting the western powers wns to prevent starvation of Germans in their occupation zones. ____ __ U.N. Action on comparatively cool nights and gcnojBerlin Considered rally sunny Cooler hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 76; minimum, GO; noon, 76: precipitation, .18; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota-Wisconsin: Tempera- tures will average near normal to two degrees below normal. Normal maximum 77 north to 86 south. Normal minimum 54 north to 63 south. Slow warming trend with average one-tenth inch curring as scattered or thundcrshowcrs Saturday TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Lake Success An American spokesman snid today the United less ls considering a request from. itcd Nations Secretary General WATER SPORT Three girls reach for the ball during an cxcitinr water game at London's Hyde Fark. Bemidji 64 53 Chicago....... 88 68 Denver 77 s- JDcs Moines 74 61 Duluih 71 50 Int. Falls 77 52 Kansas City.....78 CG Los CO Miami S7 77 Mpls. St. Paul 78 58 New Orleans......95 75 New York ........88 72 Seattle S3 57 Plioenix ..........108 72 Washington........ 95 75 Edmonton 76 43 Regina 77 46 The P.os GG 53 Winnipeg 76 51 .1C .29 .03 .88 .ii .06 .04 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Trygvc Lie for action in the security council to break the Berlin dead- lock. Lie was reported studying whether to put the Berlin situation before the council. He could do this under .1 charter article providing he can call the council's attention to any situation likely to threaten peace. The American spokesman said the request hnd been referred to the State department and an answer was. expected later today. Patrolman Kills I! Wife, Surrenders Inspector i Howard Fornwn said today that "Patrolman John Mudrick shot his wife to death, then methodically reported the slaying and helped. IclJow-oIficcrs in Uic routine of his .90 .03 Stage Today Change 14 12 2.0 6.3 3.4 4.4 2.8 3.4 5.5 9.2 7.5 1.9 4.6 .1 .1 -1 .1 Red Wing Lake City Reads 12 Dam 4, T.W. Dam 5, T.W. Dam 5A, T.W. Winor.a........ 13 Dam 6, Pool Dam 6, T.W. Dakota Dam 7, Pool Dam 7, T.W. La Crossc Tributary Streams Chippewa at Durand 1.8 Zumbro at Thcilman 2.8 Buffalo above Alma 1.5 Trempealeau at Dodge .2 Black at Neillsvi'.le 3.3 Black at Galesville 2.2 La Crosse at W. Salem 1.6 Root at Houston G.5 RIA'ER FORECAST (From Hastings to GuUo.nberg) During the next 48 hours, stages will remain practically stationary throughout the district. Rainfall ,he past ten days has been absorbed into the soil or taken up in storage. own arrest. -i- A H- .6 .1 -2 -3 Mudrick, 36, a suburban Dcnrborn policeman for four years, was held for investigation with no charge against him. The victim, Clara Mudrick, 32, was found early today on the floor of her home, face down, eight shots in her body. Arresting officers said Mudrick -1 told of quarreling with his estrang- wife over his demand for a di- She agreed to give him one. -1 according to their account, but would not put tho agreement in writing. Forman said Mudrick called police headquarters after the shooting and told the desk: "There's been a shooting at 5932 Kcckel .avenue. Send an ambulance and the homicide detectives." When officers arrived, Forman went on, Mudrick met them and said: There's the body. There's the Then, according to Forman, Mud- rick stretched out his wrists for the handcuffs nnd here Is your man." ;