Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 28, 1952, Winona, Minnesota
Thundershowers And Warmer Tonight Winona at Waseca 8 p. m. Sunday KWNO AM and FM VOIUME 52, NO. 113 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 28, 195? FOURTEEN PAGES TODAY Acheson Asks Pact On Berlin By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Secretary o State Dean Acheson's little noticec mission to Europe has a simple central object. This is to persuade our frightened, ill-defended and divided European allies to accept the risk of geieral war, rather than to abandon Berlin to renew- ed Soviet pressure. There have been all sorts of signs in recent week's that a new Soviet aggressive move may be in the offing, and on balance a second Berlin blockade, ostensibly initiated by the East German pup- pet government, has seemed the most likely move. Shortly before Acheson left for Europe, he took the leading part in forcing through the National Security Council, a crucial policy decision on the American response to such a move against Berlin, Would Avoid Airlift Acheson took the position that Berlin could under no circum- stances be abandoned to the So- viets, and the Council agreed. The Council also agreed that another airlift, undertaken with no end in sight, would be a defensive and inadequate response, especially since the Soviets can now wreck an airlift simply by jamming the radar at the Berlin airfields. This left just one way to hold Berlin breaking any blockade by the direct use of military force. This does not mean, however, that if a blockade is imposed on a Monday, an armed convoy need necessarily be ordered to break it on a Tuesday. Sufficient stockpiles of food and other necessities have been built up in the Western sect- ors of Berlin so that there is more room for maneuver than there was when the first blockade was imposed in 1948. Western Berlin now has sufficient stocks to carry the city, without an airlift, for about six months. Therefore a mil- itary showdown need not come im- mediately after a blockade is'im- posed mt New Atomic Discovery Hinted Blonde Beverly Ann Steffen, 23, Appleton, a 1952 home economics graduate of the University of Wisconsin, was crowned Alice in Dairyland at Sey- mour, Wis., last night. She will reign at the Wis- consin State Fair in Milwaukee. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Miss Jackie Loughrey, 21, a 5 foot 4 inch red- head from Brooklyn, N. Y., smiles with happiness after she was crowned "Miss United States" in Long Beach, Calif., last night. She was chosen to represent the United States in a contest to be held in Long Beach tonight. TAFT REPUDIATES YALTA Wants Economic Aid To Europe Cut Off By RELMAN MOR'IN Iferred with members of the Vir- Thus according to present inten- tions, the first step by this coun- if Acheson's mission suc- ceeds, by this country's Allies- would be to order full mobiliza- tion. In brief, the Western Allies would publicly prepare to fight a war, if necessary, rather than abandon Berlin. West Would Mobilize Full mobilization by the West during the time provided by the West Berlin stockpiles would, of course, telegraph the punch to Moscow. But telegraphing the punch is thought to be sctually de- sirable, simply because this would give the men in the Kremlin time to think again, and the pol- icymakers still believe that the Soviets wish to avoid a full scale war. This breathing spell would also provide time for final negotiations with the Russians. But these ne- gotiations would be far different from, those undertaken in 1948 by Gen. Bedell Smith, then Ambassa- dor to the Soviet Union, For this time the Western spokesmen would be armed with the warning that unless the blockade were lifted, military force would be used to break it. Then, if these last at- tempts to negotiate failed. Western troops would be ordered to open the land corridor between Berlin and the West. This, in broad outline, is the WASHINGTON Robert ginia delegation and summarized A. Taft prepared today to carry his fight for the Republican presi- dential nomination 'to Chicago, where he plans to see more state delegations early next week. Taft leaves for convention city Sunday night. He made his last public appear- ance at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, where he con- his views on foreign policy in a major speech before the Institute of Public Affairs. Taft made three major points: 1. He believes economic aid to Western Europe should now be cut off. directed at the satel- lite Communist, nations, should be undertaken immediately by this country. The speech was the climax of a long and arduous day, in near- record heat, that Taft spent in Vir- ginia. He held his regular morning" news conference, then met with the 2. The United States should Virginia delegation in a pudinte the Yalta agreement. 3. A policy of "infiltration and U.N. Troops Repulse Three Chinese Attacks Allied Warplanes Renew Attacks on Big Power Plants By STAN CARTER SEOUL, Korea Na- tions infantrymen today threw back three furious assaults by Chinese Reds on the Korean west- ern front. Allied warplanes for the fourth time in a week bombed and strafed hydro-electric plants serving North Korea and Man- churia. Targets of the U.S. Fifth Air I Force fighter-bombers Friday were the switchyards and power plants No. 1 and 2 at Changjin (Chosin) (reservoir in northeastern Korea, 60 miles south of the Manchurian border. Hit for Second Day It was the second straight day that the Changjin generating sta- tions had been hit. They serve Red industry in Manchuria and North Korea. The fighting on the western front centered on a hill called "Baldy." The reinforced Chinese battalion, about 750 men, charged three times and were thrown back each time. United Nations and Communist artillery exchanged furious bar- rages after the attacks. A.P. Correspondent Jim Becker said "Baldy" had little cover be- cause "what little vegetation there was was sawed off by artillery." "The Chinese were firing every- thing they had and we were firing all we had on Becker said after a visit to a hill west of Chor- 'on. The U.S. Eighth Army said the Reds lost 50 to 75 killed and 100 :o 150 wounded in three charges Friday night and early today. The action was another in the series of battles which began at 'T-Bone" few miles to the east. Chinese casualties around 'T-Bone" were more than Pittsburgh Steel Co. Signs With Murray PITTSBURGH CIO United Steelworkers have signed an interim agreement which provides a hourly hike for employes of the Pittsburgh Steel basic producer. The agreement was personally negotiated yesterday by Philip Murray, president of the Steelworkers. It provides a modified union shop and otherwise sub- stantially follows recommendations made weeks ago by the Wage Stabilization Board 'in an" effort 'to avoid a strike which now is in the 26th day. Murray, himself, didn't com- ment after giving the green light to Pittsburgh Steel to immediately start plans for resumption of pro- duction. However, one of his as- 10-Month Controls Extension Planned iJ-Hian viisima ueiesauua m a ,u of uucuun. nuwevtr, uue 01 ds- closed session, addressed the Taft intense sociates_who asked not to be j the agreement "is BULLETIN WASHINGTON WB Com- promise legislation to extend wage-price controls 10 months was approved by the Senate today in a race against time. By B. L. UVJNGSTONE WASHINGTON wi A 10-month extension of wage-price controls, due to expire Monday, was voted I which would have guaran- teed sellers' price markups based on individual, instead of industry- wide, profit, margins before the Ko- rean War erupted. The diluted ver- sion amounts to a restatement of existing law. An administration setback, how- ever, was the committee's deci- Club of Charlottesville in a luncheon speech and finally spoke to some people at the university last night. A resurvey of the delegation in- dicated, however, that his strength in Virginia may be less than he claims. Taft said he counted on 17 of the delegates, but a survey by Associated Press correspondents in- dicated today that the alignment may be 12 for the Ohioan, three for Eisenhower and eight uncom- mitted. In a vote for representative to the National Convention, the Vir- ginia delegation named a Taft man to the Credentials Committee and an Eisenhower man to the Resolu- Four Tanks Destroyed U.N. pilots reported they de- stroyed four Communist tanks dur- ing attacks on enemy positions. Low clouds hampered attacks on the, North Korean supply system. The U.S. Fifth Air Force report- ed it lost six planes over North Korea the past week. One U.S. Sabre jet was lost in an aerial battle and five Allied planes were shot down by ground fire. U.S. Sabre jet pilots shot down one Communist MIG Friday, the Air Force said. U.S. jet fighter-bombers Satur- day pounded a concealed Red motor pool near North Korea's eastern coast with high explosives an important break in the solid front put up by the basic steel industry." No Comment John A. Stephens, vice president of U.S. Steel who has been a chief industry, negotiator during the past few months, said he had no com- ment on the agreement. When asked if any negotiations are planned soon to end the strike, he said merely: U.S. Power Eases Soviet Atomic Scare Scientist Visiting Truman Speaks of Great Development By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON of ma- jor American developments in the j field of atomic energy today eased the shock of jolting new estimates of Soviet atomic and air power. Optimism stemmed from a While House visit of the nation's top atomic experts. One of them, Dr. J. Robert OppEmheimer, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission's General Advisory Committee, said later: "There have been such great de- velopments in atomic energy we felt we should report on these di- rectly to the President. We wish we could say what was in the re- port, but we cannot." The grimmer side of the picture was revealed in screened testimony of top Air Force and Pentagon leaders before the Senate Appro- priations Committee. 'Plus a Reserve' Urging approval of the 46 billion dollar defense money bill, Gen. Nathan F. Twining, acting head of the Air Force, said Russians soon may have enough atomic bombs to launch a surprise at- tack "plus a reserve for succeed- ing tries if the first should fail." Twining said the Russians, while boosting their atomic stockpile, have also developed a powerful long-range bomber capable of de- livering atomic weapons against distant targets. "It is of some significance that a new long-range Soviet bomber of original design was observed over Moscow last he said. The White House visit yesterday of Dr, Oppenheimer and AEC Chairman Gordon Dean touched off wide-spread speculation over what the "great developments" Dr. Op- penheimer mentioned might be. Some believed they could mean success in the search for the hydro- gen "hell under way since Jan. 31, 1950. Others said it might By JOHN CHADWICK be good news about work on the WASHINGTON nation j new atomic submarine and atomic today has its first new immigra-1 airplane, or on progress in the The Worst Hailstorm in Kemptville, Ont, history June 26, wrought damage estimated at more than and injured three persons. A 20-minute barrage of hailstones, some-13 inches in diameter, tore roofs apart, killed dogs, cats and chickens, wrecked cars and smashed windows. Ellen Wilson holds one of the mammoth hailstones that she said "Just missed me." Kemptville is 30 miles south of Ottawa, (AP Wirephoto) Immigration Changes First Since 1798 tion law since 1798. Congress ap- proved it yesterday over the veto of President Truman. It becomes effective in six months. Immigration officials said it sion to retain a provision which case was 11.10j possjbly indicating would exempt processed fruits and an even closer division between the vegetables from pnce control. senator and Gen. Eisenhower by a Senate-House Conference Com- by administration forces. mittee early today in a marathon House adoption of the Talle and tions Committee. The tally in each j and flaming gasoline. The Fifth Air Force reported 150 2Vi-ton trucks, 50 fuel drums and an auto- matic weapon destroyed and more 1 than 100 Reds killed or wounded. been roundly scored among the members. race against time. The compromise, hammered out Cole amendment led Price Stabili- zer Ellis Arnall to comment they pulled the rug from under controls, American position in Berlin, and it of divergent bills passed by the PuueQ T? rug trom una 1 is Acheson's task to persuade our Senate and House, was whisked to I Ut t0 allies to agree to this position. Ob- the Senate's special Saturday ses- viously, this is an immensely dif- ficult task, calling for all Ache- son's persuasive abilities. To break a Berlin blockade by armed force clearly involves the gravest pos- sible risk of war, and our allies, especially the French, simply are not prepared to fight a war. Strong Opposition Nor, to put it bluntly, is this country. Indeed, there is in some quarters in the Pentagon strong opposition to the Acheson-sponsor- ed Security Council decision on sion for action. House considera- tion is scheduled Monday. Senate-House conferees met yes- terday, last night and into today's pre-dawn hours. All in all, the re- sults were accounted an adminis- tration victory after the beating the bill took in the House. Diluted Version The committee abandoned a House provision by Rep. Talle (R-Iowa) which would have snipped controls from commodities not ra- Berlin. This is for the obvious rea- tioned or allocated. Nothing is ra- son that awareness of our mili- tary unreadiness is more acute in the Pentagon. The Pentagon has been particularly insistent that this country mobilize fully before, and not after, the risk of breaking a blockade by force is undertaken Even if, the Western Allies, like the Pentagon, should reluctantly agree in principle to the Ameri can position ca Berlin, it requires no very vivid imagination to see how hard it would be to make this agreement stick in the face of an actual blockade. During the brief breathing spell granted by the Ber- lin stockpiles, tremendous sures would certainly build up in Europe, and even in this country, to abandon Berlin rather than to risk a general war. It is on precisely these pres- sures, of course, that the Soviet rulers will count if they take the momentous decision to blockade Berlin again. No informed official doubts that free Western Berlin is like a cancer in the Soviet sys- tem, and that the Soviets will go to almost any lengths to excise the cancer, if they believe it can be done short of world war. tioned now. Only a few scarce met- als are allocated. out. Price officials said about 11 per cent of the housewife's food money goes for processed fruits and veg- and knocking off controls for these would boost the grocery bill. Credit Curbs Scrapped The compromise bill would all but scrap credit controls and would end rental curbs Sept. 30 except where localities vote to continue them until April 30, 1953. Real es- tate credit checks would also but with a proviso. This qualification has to do with the Federal Reserve Board's Reg- It also watered down another JJlation X> specific House provision, by Rep. Cole (R- down-payment and installment nun- c- iTmiYnc nn nour hmictno tVw Air Force Bases Voted Billion WASHINGTON Oft The House today voted in spe- cial appropriations for American air bases at home and throughout the world. It upheld cuts of 568 million which the appropriations commit- tee made in administration re- quests for air base construction, including fields. The Air Force figures were m- eluded in a military public works program covering all three services for next year. The over-all allotment also was ap- proved but in both cases 4he action was subject to a roll call vote later. on new housing. Under the compromise, Regulation X would be idled as long as the annual rate of housing starts was below 000, about more than now. Instead of the House provision to snip controls from commodities not rationed or allocated, the con- ference committee adopted a Sen- ate-passed statement of policy. This favors ending wage-price checks within the controls law "as rapidly as possible." In the mean- time, it says, ceilings should be lifted wherever wage and price pressures ease. Kept in the bill were Senate and House requests Tru- man, asking him to use the 80-day no-strike provision of the Taft- Hartley Labor in the steel strike, now 'in its 27th day. The Wage Stabilization Board would be deprived of authority to make recommendations union- management issues invoking either wages or matters like the union shop. NOTICE OF PRICE INCREASE Effective Monday, June 30, the carrier delivered prica of The Winona Republican-Herald will be advanced to 35 cents a week. The single copy price will be six cents. General in the cost of production, particu- larly in newsprint and payroll, make the price increase necessary. Newsprint, the paper on which The Republican- Herald is printed, now costs a ton 26 per cent more than it did three years ago. In order to give readers more news coverage, however, this newspaper has increased its news content and now uses about 100 more tons of news- print annually than in 1949, bringing the actual cost of newsprint used to about 41 per cent over the 1949 figure. Three years ago the price of newsprint was a ton. An increase in 1950 raised the price to It climbed to a year ago and this month soared to the current price of an all time high. Newsprint, however, is only one of the many costs Involved in publishing a daily newspaper. Since 1949 The Republican-Herald payroll has risen 27 per cent. There also have been sharp advances in other costs of production such as printing equipment, feature material, supplies, ser- vices and distribution. Most West Coast metropolitan dailies flow are sell- ing for 60 cents a week, not including Sunday publication. Many others throughout the country have raised their prices to 40 cents. The Eau Claire paper upped its rate to 35 cents early this year, and the La Crosse Tribune has found it nec- essary to boost its price from five-to six cents a copy.' Provision has'been made for additional earnings for your carrier boy. is so "We are ready to negotiate at any time naturalization may take Although no negotiations planned with U.S. .Steel or other companies making up the indus- try's "Big one of Murray's associates said he expected "more companies to fall in line soon." He said approximately of the men who struck June 2 now have been covered in interim agreements which have been signed since the strike began. Most of these are in smaller companies. Companies which have signed include Detroit Steel Corp., and Kaiser Steel Company. A few days ago 12 companies in the Pittsburgh area, employing signed pacts which followed the general pat tern of the WSB recommendations The WSB recommended a union shop whereby all Steelworkers must belong to Murray's union Pittsburgh Steel's contract calls for a modified shop. New employes must join the union but can with- draw between their ZOth and 30th j day of work. A Pittsburgh Steel spokesman said per cent of his company's eligible employes already belong to the union "and therefore it was decided no practical purpose could be achieved by continuing the strike on the union shop issue." U.S. Apologizes To Lattimore WASHINGTON UP! The State Department today apologized to Owen Lattimore for the embar- rassment resulting from a stop or- der to prevent him from leaving the country. The department at the same time announced it has revoked the or- der, which was sent to customs officers on June 11. The order was based on a con- fidential report to the central in- telligence agency that Lattimore, Johns Hopkins University profes- sor and Far Eastern expert, was them even longer than that to put planning a trip behind the Iron Curtain. The professor denied he had any such plans. it into full operation. It was a sharp rebuff for the the first overriding of a veto on major legislation since 1947 when Congress put the Taft- Hartley Law on the statute books over his protests. Truman said the new immigra- tion law is unworthy of the nation's ideals. He contended it would sap U.S. leadership for peace. Veto Over-turn Hailed Sen. McCarran a co- i sponsor of the measure with Rep. 'Walter hailed the veto overturn as in the interest of the nation's welfare. Among other things, the bill re- tains the present system of immi- gration quotas based on national origins. It boosts but slightly the number who may enter this coun- try annually. The Senate, following the lead of the House the day before, overrode the President's veto by a vote of j 57 to 26. i A two-thirds majority was rfc quired. With 83 senators voting, supporters of the legislation topped by one the 56 votes needed. A switch of only two senators would have upheld the veto and killed the bill. In the House the margin was wider. There the veto was over- ridden 278 to 113, or 17 more votes than the required majority. With only slight modification, the new law retains the present sys- :em of assigning immigration quo- tas to other nations on the basis of the national origins of the U.S. population in 1920. field of atomic artillery. Some said it might have .some- thing to do with harnessing atomic energy for peacetime purposes. There was no comment from the Pentagon on any of these subjects. Officials kept a tight-lipped silence. Major speculation centered the H-bomb. There has been unofficial talk the first one might be tried out this fall in Eni- wetok tests. H-Bomb May Be Ready Sen. Brien McMahon a congressional authority in the atomic field, hinted strongly June 14 that the H-bomb may have been perfected. He said in an address that if elected is a candi- date for the Democratic nomina- .would order hydrogen weapons "numbered in four fig- ures." "We are crossing the threshold into the hydrogen age of McMahon said. Despite the report by lop Air Force and Pentagon leaders that World War III may be brief but terrible, due to Russian atomic and air progress, the House refused to go along with President Truman's request for in new atomic funds.. Subject to Reconsideration It vol.d instead to [begin a large-scale expansion of WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and Sunday. Local thundershowers late tonight. Warm- er. Low tonight 70, high Sunday afternoon 92. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations, for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 93; minimum, 66; noon, 93; precipitation, .01; sun ets tonight "at sun rises to- morrow at (Additional Weather en Page 2.) atomic energy facilities. The House also rebuffed the AEC and the joint Senate-House Atomic Committee by refusing to grant the AEC authority to go ahead with expansion projects not cov- ered by available funds. Both votes are subject to recon- sideration later. Tlie grim report by Twining and Secretary of the Air Force Fin- letter to senators included these highlights: Expert opinion is that another all-out war, with atomic weapons, would be decided in a few short weeks or years. Intelligence reports indicate Rus- sia now has at least twice as many first-rate combat aircraft organized in units as the United States. The figures: About Russian air- craft in 250 wings; for the U.S., with 143 wings planned by 1955. In addition, Russia has a plane reserve, compared with almost none for this country. "A few airplanes, manned by a few men, can drop an explosive charge equal to that of aU the bombs dropped on Germany dur- ing the last war." American aircraft production is now much larger than Korean losses. One estimated it is "now over 500 a month."