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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 28, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Cooler Tonight and Thursday Baseball Friday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 112 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 28, 1950 TWENTY PAGES Reds Take Seoul; U. S. Jets Attack Dover Mayor, Two Girls Killed in Plane Crash Republican-Herald photos Mayor And Two Young Girls died when a plane crashed near St. Charles early Tuesday night. The twisted wreckage is shown in a ditch along highway 14 shortly after the crash. Traffic on the highway was blocked In both directions for some time as civil aeronautics officials investigated. TODAY- It's Later Than We Thought By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington The invasion o: Southern Korea is an event like Hitler's reoccupatlon of the Rhine- land. It is a moment In history on which the whole world will surely look back, and s.ay, "Then, at that Instant, in that .decision, was when they made their fatal mistake.' It only remains to be seen whether who are thus to be con- demned, will turn out to be the masters of the Kremlin, or the leaders of the United States. This deliberate act of aggression against a nation under Ameri- can protection means, first of all, that everyone has been horribly mistaken, both about the Kremlin's timetable of conquest, and about the progress of Soviet rearma- Dovcr, persons died In a plane crash near here Tuesday night, turning into tragedy an early evening pleasure ride for Dover's mayor and two little girls. Elmer A. Britzius, 57, candidate for the state legislature, widely known retired farmer and businessman, and Joan Herman, nine, were killed outright; Mary Rose Herman.] ten, died en route to a Rochester' hospital. The plane crashed .on highway 14, two miles west of St. Charles about p.m. Tuesday. Britzius was flying his own plane and had) been taking the two sisters for ai pleasure ride to Winona and back. Witnesses said the machine came in for an apparent landing! on a. field next, to the highway, itsj engine sputtered, and then a wingi tip grazed the concrete highway, throwing the plane around and into a ditch. Chinese Agree To Stop Raids From Formosa Bush to Plane By Spencer Moosa Taipei, Formosa China's Nationalists, assured that the U. S, Motorists reportedly rushed tojSeventh fleet will protect Formosa, the wreckage and succeeded in pulling Mary Rose from the de- bris, unconscious but breathing. She died a short time later. Britzius was pinned under the engine and the other young passen. ger was also trapped in the wreck- age. Both were dead when wit- nesses got to the plane. The two sisters often had gone for rides with Britizlus, as had scores of other youngsters in the area. In fact, several were waiting at the landing strip on Britzius' ment. In both these ways, the at- farm near-by for the plane to re- turn, having been promised rides tack mi Korea is infinitely more disturbing than the explosion of the Russian atomic bomb last Septem- ber. But the attack on Southern Korea also has another, even grimmer meaning, which the bomb explosion did not have. It means, in fact, that the Kremlin has already embark- ed upon a great campaign of Hitlerite tactics of terror, with the ultimate object of bringing all of Europe and Asia into the Soviet empire. And it also means that If we do not wish the Kremlin to win this gigan- tic victory, we in America must be prepared now to coun- ter this Soviet terror campaign with utmost firmness. At this fearful moment in Wash- ington, it has at least been en- couraging to see how much pro- gress towards realism has been made, since the time when the re- sponse to the Soviet atomic bomb explosion was a sickening Hood of soothing syrup from every Ameri- can leader. This time, there has at least been no attempt, by any of the respon- sible policy makers, to pretend that what has happened is trivial or unimportant. If jie Soviets bring off the maneuver which they plan- ned so well and so secretly, it is generally acknowledged that the world situation will be rendered al- most unmanageable. The reason for this is sim- ple. In the Far East (where bandwagon psychology is one of the strongest factors in pol- itics) every leader, of every political color. In every coun- try, will note what has happen- ed' and make his arrangements accordingly. Quirlno in the Philippines, Yoshida in Japan, Soekarno and Hatta in Indone- sia, the members of the Bur- mese government and the lead- en of the Bao Dai faction in Indo-Chlna who are now fight- ing- Communists In those two one of them (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) ALSOP last night. Britzius held a private pilot's li- cense and had made a practice of giving neighborhood children free rides. He was a man of many interests, owning several farms in the area, a hotel in Dover, and having invented a number of arti- cles. When only 17, Britzius invented and patented a milk strainer. One of his later inventions a cone- shaped paper popcorn to (Continued on Page 4, Column 4.) PLANE today ordered their planes and sna surgeon. Suit Against Dr. Ochsner in Hands of Jury Attorneys Sum Up Case, Judge Delivers Charge By Gordon R. Closway Did Dr. C. G. Ochsner of Waba- sha, in a careless and negligent manner, leave a sponge or gauze pack in the abdomen of Mrs. Gay- ilord Earney during am operation performed at Wabasha In January, 1 1948? I is Mrs. Earney unable to have I children as a result of the gauze ipack left in her abdomen or Is she I unable to have children because of Jan infection in her reproductive i tubes which existed prior to the operation? If the pack was left in her ab- domen and if as a result she is unable to have children, what amount of damages are she and her husband entitled to? Jury Ponders Issue These questions, in effect, were being deliberated by a United States court jury here this after- noon in a damage action concluded early this afternoon after more than a week of trial be- fore Federal Judge Dennis Donovan of Duluth. Charles A. Noonan of Minnea- polis, chief counsel for the Eameys who now live in Roanoke, Va., asked for a verdict of "Under the law, the only way an error can be he fold the jury during an hour and a half plea this morning, "is by an award of money." He said Mrs. Earney is entitled to for the pain and suffer- ing she underwent for two years j after the Wabasha operation in- cluding a second operation in Vir- ginia in 'June, 1948, in which the sponge was removed from her ab- j domen. Demands Listed Because she is unable to bear j children, she is entitled to more, he asserted. The loss of her services, her companionship and special damages should be worth for her husband, said the at- torney for a total of R. A, Scallen. of Minneapolis, chief counsel for Dr. Ochsner, said in hii plea that the plaintiffs had failed to prove carelessness- or neg- ligence on of the Waba- warships to halt attacks on the Communist mainland. Thus an uneasy truce prevails in the civil war. The Communists are free to violate it, but only at the risk of a clash with the warships, jet fighters and bombers of the U. S. Seventh fleet. The cease fire in no way affects the Nationalist guerrillas on the mainland. They have been report- ed increasingly active in the south and east. For the time being they carry the burden of the struggle. The "Dr. Ochsner wanted to give Mrs. Earney an outside chance to have children and in recommending the best best operation did what in his judgmen he considered the thing to he said. "Now they want to brand him as careless and negligent and they want to reach out for a big bunch of money." He pointed out that soon after the Wabasha operation, Dr. Ochsner did not conceal the fact that he de- tected a mass in Mrs. Barney's uter- _. i us and he attacked as "paper wit-1 atter the doct0rs nurses inj _v _____________ ______ _ who made that we can to prevent such statements) of their to enforce the prin- SOUJH KOREA r 'M-J War at Glance By The Associated Press TOKYO American officer back from air mission reports Seoul apparently captured by Beds, supporting Communist radio claim. American planes bomb and strafe advancing Communists. TJ. S. naval units prepare to counter Communist seaborne moves as new Com- munist landing on coast is re- ported. LAKE SUCCESS Security council, Russia absent, calls on United Nations members use military force to back cease-fire defied by North Korean Com- munists. TAIPEI, Kai-shek heeds American cease- fire demand, orders planes, war- ships halt attacks on Commu- nist Chinese mainland. PEARL HARBOR U. S. Navy readies second task for Pacific duty as Seventh fleet prepares to sail to defend For- mosa. MOSCOW Pravda suggests U. S. "gone too far" with mili- tary aid to South Korea, Chi- nese Nationalists. Gives no hint of what Soviet government will do. Truman Hopes Korean Stand Brings Peace Washington President Tru- man said today he hopes the Unit- ed States decision to challenge the onward march of Communism will mean "peace in the world." The President addressed the Re- serve Officers association whose members stood and cheered when he came before them at the May- flower hotel. Smilingly acknowledging their demonstration, Mr. Truman then! By Eddie Gilmore solemnly told .them; a front page editoriar on President Truman's action a fa the Far East, Pravda asked today if American ruling circles have Before Mr. Truman spoke, gone too far. i caiijug, the-action "without precedent in international relations In postwar the newspaper charged "this is one more mani- festation of the fact that the American ruling circles are not confining themselves to preparations for ag-- gression but have gone over to di- j rect acts of aggression." Then Pravda asked "Have they not gone too (Pravda is the official Commu- nist party newspaper. It frequent- ly gives the first hint of Soviet policy. Its editorial was the first Russian comment on President Truman's announcement of a new Koreans Form Battle Lines 20 Miles South Defense Tightens, Britain Offers Full Naval Aid By Russell Brines Korea's army, scattered and chewed by big Rus- sian-made tanks of the northern invaders, struggled today to form a M.noqu new line a score of miles south of their fallen capital of Seoul. Seoul and its airfield at Kimpo. 16 miles west, fell to the Commun- ist invaders Wednesday after a struggle since the start of the Red onslaught Sunday. Loss of Seoul and Kimpo and con- cession that Inchon, Seoul's port 20 miles west, .was probably unten- able, were confirmed by the United States Defense department in Washington. The Communists, betraying the completeness of their invasion L. V- Arrows On The Map above show how North Korean forces have entered and encircled Seoul, capital of South Korea, according to a broadcast over the Communist radio today. The Communists claimed that the encirclement took place yesterday and that another force had penetrated into the city today. A report from Suwon by Asso- ciated Press Correspondent O. H. P. King said that Kimpo airport, "A" above, 16 miles west and slightly north of Seoul, had been cap- tured by the invaders. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) 75 Hours Ahead Events in Korea are 15 hours ahead of Winona timu. When it is midnight in Winona it is 3 o'clock the following afternoon in Korea. Pravda Charges U. S. With Aggression retary.of Defense Louis Johnson] described the Sunday night White House decision to send planes and warships to the aid of South Ko- rea as "the finest hour in Ameri- can history." Johnson also told the reserve as- sociation that the national defense is stronger than ever before in our peacetime history. This afternoon President Truman declared the "unprovoked invasion" of Korea is an example of the dan- ger Communism presents to all un- developed areas. are determined to maintain their he said. "We must counteract the Communist weapon of fear." The President adressed the annual convention of the American Newspaper Guild. He said; "The Communists use the weapon of fear. They constantly threaten internal violence and aggression. "The recent unprovoked invasion of the republic of Korea by Com- munist armies is an example of the danger to which underdeveloped paticularly are disposed. inessential that we do chief of the Chinese joint general staff, and other high officers. Temporary Order It was emphasized that the cease fire is a temporary measure. The Nationalists do not consider that it ties their hands permanently. They have vowed to carry the war back to the mainland. The American note, in which President Truman said the Seventh fleet would protect Formosa against invasion and called on Chi- ang to order a, cease fire, arrived last night. U. S. Charge d'Affairs Robert Strong took it to Chiang's suburban home. He was accompanied by Foreign Minister George Yeh, who translated the note for President Chiang. Chiang then went into immedi- ate conference with Yeh, Premier Chen Cheng and other officials. The news of President Truman's move was received joyously on Formosa and several newspapers issued one-page extras. Formosa has been steeling itself for an ex- pected Red invasion across the 100- mile-wide waters of Formosa strait. (Continued on Page 3, Column COURT lter- nf of the rhsr Nations char- 2 U. S. Newsmen Injured in Korea Brigadier General John H. Church, above, is in South Ko- _ rea with his entire staS to ad- vise the republic's military forces, according to a radio broadcast from Seoul to the Ko- rean people by President Syng- man Rhee. Tokyo Two American newsmen were injured slightly to- day when an explosion wrecked the Han river bridge south of Seoul, Korea, as they were crossing. The U. S. Army public informa- tion office here said the two, Bur- ton Crane of the New York Times and Frank Gibney of Time Maga- zine, Inc., were flown back to Japan for treatment of their in- juries. A third correspondent in the jeep. Keyes Beech of the Chicago Daily News, escaped unhurt. The three weVe fleeing from Seoul ahead of advancing Commu- nist forces from the north. The bridge was blown by southern forces to slow the Red advance. President Truman holds up his hands to halt an ovation given him this morning in Washington as he stepped to the rostrum to address the Reserve Officers association. He said he hopes the U. S. decision to challenge Communism will mean "peace in the world." Behind him are Defense Secretary Louis Johnson, in dark suit, and Commander John P. Bracken, U.S.N.R., president of the association, at the right. Others are not identified. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) U. S. action in Formosa, said Pravda, "is similar to American occupation of part of Chinese ter- ritory." (President Truman announced the U. S. Seventh fleet would pro- tect Formosa from a Chinese Com- munist attack and called for the Nationalist regime to halt opera- t i o n s against the Red-occupied mainland of The editorial charged the U. S, government with "grossly scorn- ing" the United Nations charter and with "acting as though the United Nations organization did not exist at all." The United States, the party or- gan said, had sought to present the U. N. with a "fait accompli" (accomplished fact) in "undertak- ing its openly aggressive act." "Who authorized the American government to take this Pravda asked. "In putting its arm- ed forces into action, did the Unit- ed States government reach an agreement with the United Nations on its policy about their loyalty to which Truman and Acheson make such a display? Korean Crisis May Kill Tax Slash Chances By Francis M. LeMay 'Washington America's mil- itary move against Communist ag- gression In the Far East has rais- ed doubt that there will be any tax reduction this year. Senate Democratic Leader Lu- cas, of Illinois, said, however, that the fate of the bill to cut excise taxes a billion dollars, now being debated in the House, "depends up- on developments." "We must stand by and he said. "There is no indication now that more money .will be need- ed for the military." One influential Democrat told re- porters that If the development at Korea and Formosa "means war, we will have a tax increase in 30 a decrease." However, he said, the House Is likely to pass the excise reduction bill and then "the Senate can stop If world developments warrant. Debate Opens The tax debate opened yesterday preparations, quickly began broad- casting from Seoul, introduced Lee Sun. Yup, defense minister of the northern regime, as the new mayor of Seoul. i In the broadcast, heard in Tokyo, JLee even ordered Seoul schools to i reopen today. U. S. Air Attacks Carrying out President Truman's orders for American air an 3 naval support for the hard-pressed South Korean troops, the U.S. Far East Air Forces announced its jet fight- ers and light bombers effectively attacked North Korean positions northwest-of Seoul on Wednesday. A summary said troop concentra- tions, truck convoys and railroad yards near Munsan, 25 miles north- west of Seoul, were bombed. It said one American F-82 fighter and a iB-26 light bomber were reported destroyed on the ground by strafing of the Russian-made North Korean planes. In London, Prime Minister Attlee announced Britain has decided to place its naval forces in Japanese waters at the disposal of the United States to support American action in South Korea. Attlee said the British naval forces were of- fered for immediate use. He made the announcement in the House of Commons. United States ground troops are not being employed, but General MacArthur sent a Signal Corps unit to set up a field head- quarters somewhere in South Korea North Carolina, 87-year-old Demo- cratic tax legislation manager, tell- ing the House it had better accept a boost in levies on big corpora- "Where and when did the secur- run into a presidential ve- ity council take the decision freeing to. the hands of the U. S. A. in the Republicans attacked the bill as acts of direct aggression undertak- a "hoax" and' a "phony" tax re- en by iduction that merely' proposes to Pravda answered those taxes out of the left pocket of thus: "As General MacArUiur's ters announced two headquar- American planes were destroyed on the ground in South Korea strafing attacks by enemy fighters. Three others made emergency landings at Suwon. The announcement made no mention of casualties but said one fighter re- turned to Japan damaged by gun- fire. Jet fighters and light bombers struck troop concentrations, truck convoys and railroad yards in the vicinity of Munsan, about 25 miles northwest of Seoul, the summary said. Civilians Fleeing according to Correspond- ent O. H. P. .King, was jammed with civilians running away from, the Reds approaching from the north. Seoul was in panic as the north- ern troops approached. Every road ,j overflowed with fleeing people, lug- ging bundles of whatever they is known, it was not the United Nations nor any other inter- national body that authorized the government of the U. S. A. to un- dertake those actions with regard could gather. Pilots returning from American bombing attacks on the northern invaders said from all appearances the capital was in Red hands. Landing at a southern Japan air base the pilots, some of whose planes were shot up by Red ground force machmeguns, said they saw heavy fighting but were unable to j, lltO-VY UULr ttiitiwiL, vw the taxpayer's pants instead of how the battle was go_ right pocket. The measure embodies a a year boost in taxes on big corporations, to help offset the revenue loss from excise reduc- yesterday announced." (The Pravda editorial presum- to Korea and China which Truman stipulation that President Truman has laid down as a con- dition to his approving any excise neasure. The excise cuts, if the bill be- comes law, probably would be ef- fective September 1, or perhaps October 1. They would include ably was written before the U. N. security council a.dopted an Ameri- can resolution last night .recom- mending that U. N. members fur- nish help needed by the U. S.- sponsored South Korean republic to repel the invasion from Russian-1hand sponsored North Korea. slashes in the imposts on fur coats, j No O. S. Pilots Injured None Of the pilots returning to Japan were injured. They reported no Russian-made fighter planes were in the air against them. The fall of Seoul was first re- ported by the Red radio from Pyongyang, northern capital. (Two other Korean radio broad- casts, both from Seoul, said the city had been captured.) On the high seas American naval forces maneuvered to counter any WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and cooler tonight; lowest 52. Thursday fair and cool; highest 74. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations 'or the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 57; noon, 74; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises- to- morrow at Additional weather on page 3. bags, jewelry, cosmetics, movies, telephones and scores of j amphibious operation by the Corn- other items. munists. Their patrols covered For- mosa, the Nationalist China bas- tion 100 miles off the Chinese coast. Swift jets and light bombers were thrown into the battle on the orders of President Truman to save the young South Korean Republic from Truman Signs Farm Price Aid Bill Tru- man today signed a bill boosting by the funds for the government price support program. The additional authorization is for use of the Agriculture depart- ment's Commodity Credit corpora- tion, which previously had been given for the price support program. being overrun by the Russian arm- ed northern forces. An earlier statement from head- quarters said an undetermined number of these sky raiders from Japan had loosed 500-pound bombs on Communist targets in bombing and strafing missions. The jets carry two of the 500-pounders. on 1 bombing missions. ;