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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 27, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Occasional Showers Tonight And Saturday See Today's Farm Roundup Page 10 VOLUME 52, NO. 112 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 27, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY Seating Fight Will Help Ike By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON As the Repub- lican convention comes closer and closer, one point becomes clearer and clearer. Sheer fear of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower drove Sen. Robert A. Taft's strategists to choose the least favorable battle- field for their finish fight at Chi- cago. Everyone is still counting noses for the first ballot, the second bal- lot, and so on. But in fact the real Taft-Eisenhower test will come be- fore either candidate is even plac- ed in nomination, when the Re- publican convention passes on the question of the stolen Southern del- egates. If the Taft forces can seal their delegates from Texas and Louisiana, three quarters of the bandwagon hoppers will hop to Taft. And if the Taft steamroller breaks down on this crucial ques- tion, everyone will know the steamroller is only a one-hoss shay after all. The question of the Southern del- egates is thus the battlefield chos- en by Sen. Taft's own managers. By now, moreover, ample evidence has accumulated to prove that the Taft people do not think very well of their own choice. Sought Texas Deal Item: The Taft leader in impor- tant Dallas County, Joe C. Thomp- son, Jr., (a "real Republican" who registered to vote in the 1950 Texas Democratic Primary) made a bold try for a deal on a local basis. He offered the Texan Eisenhower leader, Jack Porter, 19 of the 38 Texas delegates, with the proviso that Taft's henchman, Henry Zwei- fel, must not be unseated as na- tional committeeman. Item: On at least two occasions, similar approaches were made to Herbert Brownell, who handles the I national delegate count for the Eis- enhower camp. The second time he formerly was "inclined to be Gen. Dwight ..D. Eisen- hower but now he is "getting More Than Three Tons of beef are represented in this picture taken at Eagle, Pa., by this pair of full-blooded Holstein steers, which their owner, Harvey Funderwhite, above, today said he be- lieved were record-holders for weight. at left, weighs pounds while "Punk" weighs pounds. Most large steers, Funderwhite says, weigh between and pounds. Pete and Punk are as "docile as a pair of their owner claims. They are seven years old. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Jam on Money Bills Broken, Congress May Quit Next Week Fine Reports Self Close to Views of Ike HARRISBURG, Pa. Of) Gov. John S. Fine of Pennsylvania says around, a representative of Sen. against' Taft offered to sweeten the deal for Brownell, by seating the pro Eisenhower delegates from Geor- closer and closer" to the views of gia as well as giving half of Texas the Republican presidential as- to Eisenhower. pirant. Item: The supposedly impartial National Republican chairman, Guy Gabrielson, was also sent to feel out Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge on Sen. Taft's behalf. This scene must have been rather comic, since Gabrielson approached the problem circuitously, and ended by urging some kind of arrangement, because we don't want to wash our dirty linen in public. Agree to Fight "Whose dirty Sen. Lodge is reported to have inquired crisp- ly. "We haven't got any dirty linen, and if the Taft people want their dirty linen washed in public, why that's their choice." After these various feelers had been rejected, Sen. Taft said an- grily, "Lodge would rather have the issue than the which in a sense is perfectly true. The reason for this can be seen on the face of the figures. If the Fine, in a radio interview yester- day, still refused to say who he favors for the GOP presidential nomination. He has Indicated he will make his choice known be- fore convention time. "Until Eisenhower's return from Europe, and until he answered a number of questions and made Ike Demands Housecleaning In Washington Can't Be Soft In Face of Reds, He Says DENVER Ul Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower took a strong party stand here last night in an attack on what he called "the men too long in Democratic party. The Republican presidential as- pirant ticked off charges of in- ternal corruption, fear and inde- cision in foreign policy and runa- way big government against the Democrats, whom he accused of "complacency, negligence and cyn- icism." The general, speaking before some in Denver's Coliseum, spoke particularly to the nation's youth. He said they are sick at heart and cynical because of cor- ruption in high places, but added that the "idealism and energy of But the cool air which earlier youth" can be trusted to meet the moved across the Canadian border I moral issues of the campaign. into the Northern Plains pushed I An Epidemic southward yesterday across the' Death Toll in Hot Spell 44 in 2 Days By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Refreshing breezes from Canada cooled off some areas in the na- tion's sun-baked eastern half of the counry today. But for millions of the East and South there appeared no quick end of the early summer heat wave. The death toll from the record-breaking hot spell in the last two days mounted to 44. Thousands of persons suffered heat prostrations. The prolonged hot weather in the South increased the threat of se- vere damage to crops. Temperatures were generally around the 100-degree mark again yesterday in most of the vast area hit by June's oppressive weather. All-time high records for the date and for June were toppled in many cities. Great Lakes region and into parts of Indiana, Illinois and Ohio. Temp- eratures, in the 90s for three days, dropped as much as 20 degrees. There also was some cooling in I Of domestic matters Eisenhower said there has been corruption be- fore, "but never before has- it reached such epidemic proper- and EaStern some Fine said, "I was I during the day. New York State. The hot and humid extended from Southern and Western New England southward along the At- lantic Coast and westward to the Lower Great Lakes region, the Ohio and Middle Mississippi Val- eys, the Central Plains states and over the Gulf States. A storm swept into New England rom Canada last night and within minutes temperatures tumbled as much as 20 degrees from record highs which reached 102 degrees inclined to be against him. I felt he might be in favor of a program in Europe which would continue the tremendous expenditures we've been making. Chasm Lessened "Since his return I have lessened that chasm of thought because of what he said. Let me say I'm getting closer and closer to Eisen- At the same time, violent than- derstorms hit eastern parts of New the war He said 177 persons have been discharged from the'Internal Rev- enue Bureau in a little more than 12 months for improper activities, and that the figure does not include others who quit "because of ill health." "Other agencies of the govern- ment have been infected with the same he said, and their exposure has been due to the ef- forts of the Republican members of Congress. Referring to world affairs, the general stated, "we are too ready to trust the godless as brought on communiza- Rebellious Prisoners who barricaded them- selves in a clothing factory at Eddyville State Prison, Eddyville, Ky., Thursday are searched by guards after they had surrendered. They were Sullen Convicts Riot 2nd Day in Kentucky By KLYE VANCE EDDYVILLE, Ky. fresh riot broke out at the state 'prison to- day, and state police in Mayfield described it as "bloodier than yester- day" when eight convicts and a guard were injured. First reports said several persons had been injured in the new main test is coming on the South- j hower ern delegations, contested Southern] The goveraor refused to say this delegates have got to participate means he's drawing away from Sen. Robert A. Taft. An Associated Press poll made this week of Pennsylvania's 70- vote delegation to the convention shows 32 delegates favor Eisen- hower, 24 lean towards Taft while 14 remain undecided or unwilling to express an opinion. Gov. Fine is generally credited with being able to guide the votes of some 32 dele- gates. Fine said he believed the more conservative Republicans are for Taft while "those who might be in this main test in order to be of any use to Sen, Taft. One way or another, the senator's minority delegates have got to vote to leg- itimize themselves. To be sure they would be able to do so, was the Taft purpose in naming Walter Hallanan as the Republican con- vention's temporary chairman. One cannot calculate today just how many of the contested South- ern delegates will participate in the main test vote. There is the question of Georgia, for example, where National Committeeman Harry Sommers has a promise from Taft's Southern pro-consul, Brazilla Carroll Reece, that the pro-Eisenhower delegation will be recognized. There is also the ques- tion of just what the test vote will on a rule, or on a spe cific delegation, in which cases the delegates from this one state may be ruled off the floor. At a guess, however, Sen. Taft's. net gain from using his steamroller to seat his minority Southern delegations should not pass 40 to 45 votes on the test roll call. Ike to Benefit But against this gain of 40 to 45 votes in the big test, the Taft people now have to offset certain intangible but vitally important losses. In New York and 'Mary- land, for one thing, Gov. Thomas E. Dewey and Theodore R. Me- Keldin can tell their for Taft if you must when the nominations are made, but stay with us on this Texas-Louisiana steal." Such an appeal will be very hard for even ardent Taft en- thusiasts to resist. By the same token, Gov. Earl Warren of California should find it far easier to vote his big dele- gation solidly against Taft on the Texas-Louisiana issue, than to car- ry the whole delegation into the Eisenhower camp. And in the Taft states, the rather numerous pro- Taft delegates who have been im- pressed and attracted by Gen. Eis- enhower will find it easy to say, "I'm still for the senator for the nomination, but I just can't heip feeling his people have sold him a sour apple on this Texas thing." areas. There were drops in read- ings from 90 to around 76 in less than 30 minutes. The cool front may bring relief for some of the Middle Atlantic states today. No 100-degree heat which hit the area yesterday was in prospect. It was 102 at Lock Haven, Pa., yesterday; 100 in Har- risburg and 98 in Philadelphia. But no relief from the hot and muggy weather appeared immedi- ately for New York City after yes- terday's record-breaking June, 26 mark of 97. It was a steaming tion of China, the splitting of Ger- many, enslavement of Baltic and Balkan countries and struggle in Greece. Can't Be Soft The war in Korea, one of these "black might have been avoided if we had been "less trusting, if we had been less soft and Eisenhower said. Still "Russia's Kremlin masters are not supermen. There is one language they and spiritual strength." The general declared that there above at 1 o'clock this morning must be no taint of Communism in gressive group" of the party favor 'Eisenhower. Organization Man "Although I am a regular or- ganization man I believe I have been aligned with the policies of the independent thinkers of the party. I would say that'more of the independent thinkers are for Eisenhower'than for Taft." In the course of the broadcast Fine denied that a "feud" exists between him and Sen. James H. Duff one of Eisenhower's staunchest supporters. "There's absolutely no founda- tion at all for that sort of Fine said. "We're very friendly, although of course, I don't approve of some of the things he's done, and he doesn't approve of some of the things I have WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy, occasional showers and thunderstorms tonight and Satur- day. Little change in temperature. Low tonight 65, high Saturday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 66; noon, 58; precipitation, .41; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 13. with humidity at 60 per cent. Thousands swarmed to beaches seeking relief and many Long Is- land roads were jammed with New York City residents driving home early today. The heat buckled high- ways in several places, increasing the traffic jam. New Jersey reported 10 deaths from the effects of the heat in the last two days. It was 102 in Newark yesterday. There were seven heat deaths each in Ohio and Pennsyl- four each in New York and land and Tennessee; two in Indiana and one each in Alabama, Georgia, Iowa and South Carolina. Hospitals in the Washington D.C., area reported 183 persons had been responsible places in our society. "In this, we must be just but we dare not be soft." If the country's youth vote in November, he declared, "then we will be on our way to a good, old- fashioned clean-up and clean out." Reading from a prepared text, the general stood on a platform crowded with notables both of pol- itics and of Hollywood. Earlier in the clay the general met with four Western Republican governors, who agreed that Eisen- hower would outstrip Sen. Robert A. Taft as a vote-getter in their states if he should get the nom- ination. To Chicago Next Week The four were Frank Barrett o) Flood of Kansas Wheat Swamps Railroad Yards KANSAS CITY UP) The tre- mendous flood of Kansas wheat swamped railroad yards so bad- ly the carriers will slap an em- bargo on the shipment of most grain at a.m. Saturday. Farmers and elevator operators over the state already are piling wheat on the ground in many places because the hot, dry weath- er has permitted cutting of the bumper crop faster than it can be hauled away. The embargo will apply to grain intended for storage in the markets of the metropolitan Kansas City area, St.Joseph, Mo., and these cities in Kansas: Wichita, Hutch- inson, Salina, Atchison, Wellington, outbreak, which came hardly 12 day-long rebellion. The prisoners surrendered un-, conditionally and promptly at called the bill infamous, p.m. a deadline grimly fixed by Dr. W. E, Watson, state director of -corrections, and Ward- en Jess Buchanan. Backs Up Warden Gov. Lawrence W. Wetherby backed his warden with a threat to call out "the whole National Guard" if necessary. "We are not going to let them get away with anything like he declared. When the unruly felons finally capitulated, and released a guard thirds majority. rioting, eight prisoners had been wounded by gunfire, and the prison machine shop wrecked. Two guards were taken hostage but quickly released, one of them slightly hurt by a blow on the head. Today a tense quiet settled over the 68-year-old, fortress-like peni- tentiary and its inmates in this Western Kentucky town. Buchanan complimented the Rev Paul B. Jaggers, the Baptist chap- and Dodge City. lain who made the final appeal to That announcement was made j the mutinous convicts. by R. E. Clark, manager of the While Jaggers was pleading with five Marines aboard were killed rgbeis JQ gjye up, the mob's today when a "flying House Ready For Debate on Foreign Aid Senators, Anxious To Get Out of Town, Speed Work By RUSSELL BRINES And JOE HALL WASHINGTON log-jam of Congress' money bills finally has a multi-billion dol- lar scale. And the breakup is proceeding so fast that leaders were talking with some confidence today of be- ing able to wind up the and the 82nd good a week from tomorrow. The House scheduled the opening of debate today on its last pending appropriation billion dollars in new funds for foreign aid, mili- tary projects and other purposes next year. And the Senate, which has been lagging far behind the House, was in the throes of a get-out-of-town fever. Progress Thursday These were the actions the Sen- ate took yesterday: military bill Ap- proved by Appropriations Commit- tee after brief consideration and sent to the floor. compromise Treas- ury-Postoffice without debate and sent to President Tru- man, the first of the fiscal 1953 bills to reach the President's desk. State Commerce Justice and sent to conference with the House to ad- just differences. legislative bill carry- ing funds for by Appropriations Committee for floor action. The legislative measure was o be passed and sent conference ninth money bill to be acted on by the Senate out of 11 that must be passed before Congress can quit. Provision Modified In approving it yesterday the Appropriations Committee modified a House provision which would have given the lawmakers the priv- ilege of claiming income tax ex- emption on all their living costs during congressional sessions. The committee kept the tax reduction feature but limited the exemption to the first of such costs. In the House, administration _ leaders saw little chance of re- 278 to more than a two-1 storing the 25 per cent cut made stripped of their clothes in the search for weapons. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Immigration Bill Passed Over Truman's Veto WASHINGTON UP! Congress wrote the McCarran-Walter immi- Cation bill into law today over I President Truman's veto. Truman Truman vetoed the bill day, Co-sponsored by Sen. McCar- ran (D-Nev) and Rep. Walter CD- it revises and codifies all existing laws on immigration and naturalization. The President said he was in favor of some of its provisions, but said its flaws outweighed its good points. He said that to him the bill smacked of thought control. The Senate overrode the veto by 57 to 26. This was five votes more to held hostage, during eight hours of to Ilve volfs rintino nrisnners hari been i than the two-thirds majority need- ed to overrule a presidential veto. The House margin yesterday was 5 Marines Killed In Plane Crash CHERRY POINT, N. C. UO-All closed car section of Associa- treated for heat prostration in the Wyoming, Edward F. Arn of Kan- last two days. The number included sas, Val Peterson of Nebraska and 13 firemen who were overcome j Dan Thornton of Colorado. Only fighting a warehouse fire in 101- degree weather yesterday. Thirty-five soldiers at Camp Gor- don, Augusta, Ga., were treated at the post hospital yesterday for heat prostration. The mercury climbed to a sizzling 107 yesterday, one of the highest readings in the country. Miami reported a high of 89 as compared with a record of 91 for June 26. But readings above 100 were general in the Deep South. It was a record 100 in Jacksonville and 98 in Tampa. Other top marks in the South included 108 in Bamberg, S. C.; 102 in Richmond; 100 in Nashville. St. Louis continued to swelter, with a high of 99, the same read- ing reported in Kansas City. Ford Shutting Down All Assembly Plants BULLETIN DETROIT Ford Motor Co. announced today if if shutting down all its Ford assembly plants md out of four of its Lincoln- Mercury pltnts after Monday bt- of itiMi shortage. j Barrett has refused to commit himself as an Eisenhower support- er, and he said, "I suspect Eisen- hower 'might get a few more of the so-called independent and Dem- ocratic votes." Gen. Eisenhower will go to Chi- cago next week personally to duct his campaign. Sen, Taft's campaign manager, David S. Ingalls, when told in Philadelphia of the proposed move, said, he is shifting "in a last fran- tic effort to salvage his flounder- ing political ship." Youth Killed in Owatonna Car Crash OWATONNA, Minn. Schroht, 16, Owatonna was killed and his brother Floyd, 18, was in- jured seriously early today when their car struck a bridge abutment on Highway 14 six miles west of Owatonna. The accident occurred about 2 a.m. while the boys were en route borne. Floyd was taken to Owa- tonna Hospital with a fractured tion of American Railroads. He said the embargo would not apply to grain that is to be sold on the cash market, and grain for which previous storage arrange- ments have been made. In addi- tion, shippers who can obtain stor- age commitments after the em- bargo takes effect will be able to move their grain. ringleader tried unsuccessfully to continue the revolt. "Stay and die like ex- horted Benny Rayborn, a tough- ened 34-year-old lifer sentenced from Louisville for armed robbery. But the prisoners yielded to the clergyman's promise of safe con- duct to their cells. plane crashed and burned two miles from the Cherry Point Ma- rine Corps Air Station, its home base. The plane was on a routine training flight. The cause of the crash was not learned. Names of the victims will not be by the Appropriations Committee in President Truman's 280 request for defense construc- tion, foreign aid, atomic energy ex- pansion and other things. In fact, an attempt was expected to make even deeper cuts in for- eign, military and economic aid. The committee recommended including funds for gov- erning occupied areas of Germany and Triesle. Moreover, in an accompanying statement, the committee told the administration it should stop pledg- ing funds to foreign countries be- fore Congress has voted the money. Mutual in the bill are to implement'the program recently voted by Congress. The other ap- propriations will supplement funds already voted for the current fis- released until next of kin are noti- fied. Acheson's Apology to Britain On New Raids Irks Congress By JACK RUTLEDGE WASHINGTON of State Acheson is going to have to do some explaining to Congress about his reported apology to Brit- ain for not telling that country in advance of the American bombing of North Korean power stations. Sen. Bridges (R-NH) told the Senate yesterday the "a shocking thing." And Sen. Knowland who brought the matter to the Senate's attention by reading a London news report about it, de- manded that a full text of Ach- eson's remarks be made available to Congress. Larger Share of Burden Knowland said if Britain wants a bigger voice in the conduct of the Korean War, he would have no objection provided the British assumed a larger share of the burden. The London account said Ach- eson reportedly made the apology it 200 members representing both Houses of Parliament during a 20-minute meeting yesterday. Acheson was reported to have told them American officials had intended to notify the British de- fense minister, Field Marshal Lord Alexander, and Selwyn Lloyd, Brit- ish minister of state for foreign affairs, who arrived in Washington last Saturday. But, he is reported to have ex- plained, due to a mixup over whether a State or Defense Depart- ment official was to make the noti- fication neither was informed. Military Action Further complicating the picture, the State Department said only last Wednesday the British were not informed in advance because the raid was within the scope of military action which could be taken by the United States without consulting its allies. The raid occurred Monday. It caused an immediate stir in Labor party circles in the British Parlia- ment, with fears voiced that it might cause the war to spread. The London report said Acheson justified the raid at length in his talk with the British legislators and was applauded at the end. But there was no applause for him in the Congress. In addition to the protests over his reported apology, Sen. Morse (R-Ore) said Acheson should be removed because the State Depart- ment was denying passports to American citizens without giving specific reasons, even to inquiring senators. cal year, ending June 30, or the j next year beginning July 1. i The Senate committee action on the military spending far the biggest of all the money meas- a surprise yester- day. House That was because the group cut the total in the bill 472 millions below the House figure even though President Truman and his military chiefs had complained that the House total was much too low. The House reduced Truman's requests by about However, the committee did knock off a 46 billion dollar spend- ing ceiling voted by the House for fiscal 1953. This would have held spending six billions under the planned figure. It drew tie heavi- est attacks from the White House and Pentagon. The biggest cut made by the group below the House 298 in Air Force- funds. But Chairman O'Mahoney (D- Wyo) of the military appropria- tions subcommittee insisted there was enongh money in the bill to make scheduled progress toward completion of the 143-wing Air Force by July 1, Presi- dent's target date. House leaders said they would drive for a vote today on the House's 10 billion dollar bill ;