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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 27, 1949, Winona, Minnesota THUNDERSHOWERS TONIGHT, TUESDAY liran BENSON HAS A SWIMMING POOL VOLUME 49, NO. Ill WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JUNE 27, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Report Seizures 'Flush-Deck' Carrier Sought By Navy Fliers Airmen Want Island Removed, Landing Space Increased By Elton C. Fay Washington The Navy.j eager to get a "flush-deck" carrier! for "handling big planes, once con-j sidered making one out of an exist-! ing flattop but later decided itj would cost too much. I Vice Admiral Calvin T. deputy chief of naval operations air, saia in an interview that the! )lan was studied before work; start-1 ed on the United States, the super- arrier on which construction recent- y was halted by Secretary of De- "ense Johnson. The rebuilding project which would have involved a fficiway-type carrier, the Navy's argest was scrapped as "eco- nomically Durgin said vhen estimates indicated It would cost more than The orig- inal cost of the Midway was about 'The Navy realized as early as Durgin said, "that present Brussels, of about 70 per cent of carriers could not operate planes votes cast in Belgium's parliamentary elections made it clear today there contemplated for the future. It be- would be no referendum on the possible return of exiled King Leopold. !gan investigation along several lines The Social Christian party, only pro-Leopold group, led in the tabu- jto improve our present day illation with votes, or 44.4 per cent of the ballots jriers." was far short of the! This Continental South-Trailways bus was headed for Hot Springs' Ark., when it skidded on pier of highway 67 and raked the side of a 109-foot bridge near Garland, Texas. The gaping hole in the front right side of bus first hit bridge and then side-swiped it again. The center section o! the bus is where a boy lost his life in accident. Twenty-five persons were injured and two were killed, (AJP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Vote on Leopold Unlikely in Belgium Ruling The Alsops New Team U.S. Maps Plans By Joseph Alsop President Truman being what, he Is, our future now depends upon the management o! our affairs by Secretary of State Dean G, Acheson and Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson. Enough time has passed to give an idea of the performance of this new team, put in byxthc President to replace the great postwar pilots, George C. Robert A. Lov- ett and James V. Forrestal. And Acheson's return from Paris, after a modest but solid, and exceedingly creditable success, affords a good occasion to take a reading. Acheson has already shown him- self to be what most people always have known him to man of character and great intelligence, an apt and patient negotiator and a shrewd judge of world issues. It took all these qualities to meet the challenge of the abrupt Soviet change of front in Paris: to give awny nothing just because Andrei Vishinsky was suddenly being pleasant; and to pull the plums of a German modus vivenW and a promised Austrian settlement out of the yeasty Paris pudding. Even in this first few months, Acheson has also had some success in the slow task of bringing order out of the immemorial chaos of State department organization. A machine that was built for a coun- try that did not have a foreigt policy cannot be adapted overnigh to make positive, constructive for eign policy on a day-to-day, pro duction line basis. But with the as sistnnce of Under Secretary Jame Webb, who has wisely chosen tc be more administrator than policy maker, Acheson is getting ahead with the job that was begun under Marshall and Lovett. AS TO ACHESON, indeed, then can be only one doubt. The area of crisis is now shifting to the Far East. The policy elaborated by Marshall, Lovett and Forresla specifically excluded Asia Mar- shall, with his strong dislike for the Chinese national government again an'd again prevented his younger partners from formulating a clear Asiatic policy. We have no clear Asiatic policy today and the National Security council at the rather nervously trying to develop one. All of this means that in the Far East Acheson has the job o! laying down new policy lines in- stead of following old ones. Unhap- pily, he comes to his task with the conviction that Marshall was in the right, rather than Lovett and For- restal. His subordinates in the Far Eastern division may be counted upon to encourage any tendency he may have to do too little and to do it too late. The final test of Acheson will be whether he suc- ceeds in Asia as well as his pre- cedessors succeeded in Europe. As for the somewhat more or- nate figure of Louis Johnson, he ctJ.toot be Judged unless Johnson the rnoneyman, Johnson the Amer- (C'ontlnucd ou Page 5, Column S.) ALSOP 3.5 per cent of the total counted. Cost Out at Line absolute majority" It had "campaign-1 Durgin said plans'to convert 000-ton Essex-type carriers also were dropped, for the same reason that scuttled the Midway reconstruction: "It soon became apparent the cost returns also smashing defeat for the ed for. They had pledged a referendum if they received an absolute major- ity. The cated a communists, who lost at least one- fourth of their 1946 supporters, The Liberal istering gains everywhere. ships, particularly if the hangar deck height was to be "At this he said, "it was decided to split this project into two First, a new carrier to handle the large planes, which been-the-uS.S.TJmted' states; and Spaak admitted the, returns consti- tuted "a small defeat for my gov- ernment (a coalition of. Socialists and Social The breakdown of the votes tab- ulated so far was: Party Votes Pet. 194fi __ _______ ___ Socialist Premier Paul Henri conversion, "which was to make as many changes as possible, but not to increase the height of the hangar deck. This type ship would be able to handle the future contemplated many of aircraft." The scrapping of the supercarrier Jproject le'ft only the conversion of 32.5 works, until Johnson's announce- Llberals 13.4 8.9'jment jast week'that two additional lommunists 8.0 12.'flattops in the smaller class also Minor parties had votes, W0uld be modernized. Prairie Island Indians Sought ForU.S.X-Ray The U. S. Department of In- terior's office of Indian affairs wrote today that it will send its X-ray unit to Prairie Island Wednesday to X-ray the "Indian population." The department's field office at Pipestone, Minn., wants help from the city nursing service in X-raying the "Indian popula- tion" on Prairie Island. This wip probably come as a surprise to the government, but the Indians don't live here no more. At least the Winona nursing service is reasonably certain of that. It has asked the govern- ment to try Red Wing, since it understands that the Indians moved up there about three- quarters of a century ago. Most of Nation East of Rockies Still Swelters By The Associated Press Most of the nation east of the The reconstruction of the Essex Rocky mountains sweltered in hu- mid stickiness today, and there was little relief in sight. The U. s. Weather bureau in Chicago said that except for a few spots, no rain had fallen over a hot, humid weekend and none was predicted before Tuesday. Even then light, scattered thundershow- ers won't give much relief, the bu- reau forecast. West of the Rockies it was gen- erally copier. A line of .thunder- storms-was reported moving from Kansas up altrTough iie showers were to dissipate by the time they reached Minneapolis. But there were a few rainy spots in 'the country. Northern .Maine, which hadn't any rain for weeks, was bathed in a steady downpour over the weekend. That, freshened wilting crops and decreased the lazard of forest fires in the area. Most of the rest of New England was fair and. hot, Burlington, -Vt.i :ot .22 of an inch of rain last night. A deluge swamped Logansport, Ind., early yesterday. One of the A referendum on the return of types involves a general strengthen- ing of the decks and plane-handling The Rev. A. 3, Soldan shakes shands with Florida's new first lady, the bride of Governor Fuller Warren, center, after he united them in marriage at Los Angeles, Calif., yesterday. The new Mrs. Warren is the former Barbara Jeanne Manning, a sun-tanned California blond. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) Housing Bill Slated :or Truman This Week By Francis M. Le May House approached its first test voting today n a multibillion dollar administration program of public housing and slum clearance. With a long list of amendments and substitute proposals up for ecision after a week of hot debate, confident House leaders predicted the Senate-passed housing bill would go to the White House by Friday s a major victory for President Truman's "fair deal" program. But the opposition, including many Republicans and some south- rn Democrats, refused to give up.! Representative Cole (R-Kan.) saidj e would offer an amendment that! postpone the launching of a ublic housing program for as long s the federal treasury operate i the red. This would be in line with the sharp, double-edged attack already aunched against the bill as: (1 threat to the financial stability heaviest downpours in the northU ffie government> and (2) A long the king was opposed by the Social- ing Of the decks and plane-handling central Indiana city s history flood- control that would sts and Liberals. The royal ques- equipment-but no removal of the ed streets and basements, and ln federal control that would tion dates back to 1940, when the'carriers' or above-deck (snapped off numerous small trees.jtake America down the road to- ting surrendered his army to the structure, and no deepening of the The storm lasted about four hours. Germans and remained in the oc-ihangar decks, cupied country against the advice The height of the hangar deck of his ministers, who fled to Eng-jhas an important bearing- on the and and formed a government in'size of the planes a carrier can sdle. His opponents claimed the king) handle. Want Islands Removed showed no sympathy for the Removal of the island super- derground forces resisting the Ger-jstructure (which contains the ship s mans. After the liberation in he Parliament elected Leopold's irother, Prince Charles, as regent. 'arliament voted that the king ould not mission. Spaak said the trend of the vot- ng indicated the possibility of a new Socialist-Social Christian coali- out vj return wjthout its flignt other navigation and control departments) would be comparatively simple and moder- ate In cost. But to increase the strength of class land to raise it so that the overhead clearance for planes on the under- oreign minister in the present gov- rnment, said he was not enthusias- ,ic about the possibility of retaining his premiership. lying hangar deck would be 28 feet of the present 17 feet, six ion government. Spaak, who also is have changed the balance and increased the 'weight of the ship considerably. There are several reasons why Navy fliers would like to have car-j said. "It's too much of a he riers" without the "island" sticking I up on the starboard side: The rest of Indiana and southern Illinois, got scattered thundershow- ers, and St. Louis had some rain. ward socialism. Administration Democrats anc some Republicans have argued Maximum temperatures which that better by packed the beaches and swimming the strengthen pools in the Midwest and East over the weekend included these: New .York 94, Washington and Philadelphia 96, Richmond, Va., 89, Miami and Pittsburgh 90, Cleveland 84, Detroit 93, Tyndall, S.'D., 104, St. Louis 83, Des Moines 85, and Chicago 88. Las Vegas, Nev., had a typical 107-degree high .for this time of year. On the cooler side in the West were maximums of 62 at San -Fran- cisco, 68 at Los Angeles, 65 at and 60 democracy by reducing juvenile delinquency and crime, improving health and generally giving the people new confidence. The measure, as drawn, calls for construction of public housing- units through local housing authorities in seven years. The ten- ants would pay low than the cost of the housing. The federal government pay up to a year for 40 years, to meet the difference High temperatures in the south- west included Ft. Worth, Texas with 90, while Presidio on the Rio Grande reported a seasonable 104. necessary to cover the-cost of build- ing and operation. House Democratic leaders, in a drive to collect more votes, have agreed to cut tbe figure to public housing units in six years, with annual federal contributions up to which is the way the. Senate approved it. The measure also provides in loans and in grants for slum clear- ance, and a little over for farm housing aids. The total cost is estimated all the way from to in 40 years. While a final showdown may no: :ome before Wednesday, msa sure's backers are claiming a com fortable margin of from 30 to 50 votes among the 433 House mem British Tow Bombed Ship Into Shanghai Shanghai bombed Bri- tish freighter Anchises was refloat- ed today and towed to e. wharf. The ship, hit last Tuesday by a Nationalist bomb, had been beached on a Whangpoo river bank. Her Shanghai agents, Butterfield; and Swire, said the vessel's engine! burden on .the Western powers commanders in Berlin had warne ti-church actions by the govern- ment, which it accused of aiming' at the "extermination of the church of Christ." The letter told Catho- ic communicants their "hour of trial" may be at hand. Prague priests said they believed lie pastoral letter, signed by Arch- lishop Josef Beran of Prague, Archbishop Josef Matocha of Olo- mouc and the country's other Cath- olic bishops, had received wide cir- culation despite police attempts to prevent the letter from being read in pulpits. Priests have reported they were warned in night police visits against reading pastoral letters, the only means for the hierarchy- to tell its slde-of rthe'church-state fight since the Catholic press was shut down by the government. 1 The pastoral letter supported re- ports ot the seizure of the arch- bishop's administrative offices at Prague and his virtual captivity in his palace. "We desire an agreement, not a said tbe letter read by priests to churches Berlin Rail Strike Set to End Thursday By Daniel DC Luce Berlin five-week rail' way strike which has blockaded Berlin almost as effectively as di< the Russians is scheduled to em tomorrow morning. The executive board of the anti communist railway union (UGO bowed to the orders of the Western Allies yesterday and ordered mem bers back to work on the Soviet controlled railways at that time The British, American and French -throughout the country to congre- gations of Czechoslovakia's 000 Catholics. Archbishop Beran did not leave his police-guarded palace to read the letter in person at St. Vttus1 cathedral. He left the pulpit there last week after communist heck- lers broke up his sermon. Although the letter was issued over tbe prelate's signature, it was obviously not printed in his palace, where printing equipment has been seized by the police. A priest who read the letter at St. Vitus' was heard by parishion- ers to warn "if necessary, you must be prepared to follow the said they were whipped for reasons of race, religion or morals, drink- ing- mostly. For a few short weeks there was peace, then out of the coal, iron ore and limestone valleys around Bir- mingham, Ala., came stories of racial tension. Three Negro families bought and sought to occupy homes in a white section. Their houses were bombed. The Negroes re- treated. Other stories of violence followed rapidly. Masked men broke into the home 42-year-old grandmother, her twice and then forced of a struck ler to witness a cross burning in her yard. That same night, June 10, the owner of a cafe serving both white persons and Negroes was threaten- id and forced to watch a cross- burning-. Three days later. a Navy veteran was flogged, a woman and two men were beaten at Dora, Ala., and then to the board a coal miner was dragged from his home at Coaltown and whipped. Klansmen, the Klan consistently has denied any connection with the 80. beatings. As an, aftermath of the outbreak card their, masks in, public. His act las'prompted'some Klansmen to threaten revolt. The: lone lynching in the South this year was .recorded in Irwinton, where a Negro was taken from a' Jail and shot. He had resistedj arrest for a knifing. tyrs. The letter itself prayed for divine mercy "under false and unjust sen- which .was taken as an in- dication that Archbishop Beran and his bishops expect to be jailed. It bore a postscript urging priests tot to let threats keep them from reading it. At the same time it warned them of church punishment if they did not. Through the past week govern- ment officials have accused the hurch of anti-state agitation and threatened legal action. )emocrats Elect Greene as Head Milwaukee Demo- crat Charles P. Greene is back in action as his party's Milwaukee county chairman. Greene, ousted from posts as both state and county Democratic chief- tain last year, was elected to the smaEer job Saturday by a narrow 23-22 margin at a meeting of the statutory committee. The vote placed Greene back in the spot he held prior to his defeat An aroused American Legion In Birmingham formed a committee of 500 to help law enforcement officers bring the masked raiders to justice. Even the sheriff of Jefferson county (Birmingham) had to inform the citizenry that they had the rii to use arms to protect themselves. U.S. Attorney General Tom Clark in Washington ordered the Federal Bureau of Investi- gation to report on the Birming- ham situation. A congressional subcommittee announced a probe to open Wednesday in Washington. The Alabama senate passed an antimask bill and sent it to the house for action tomorrow. Throughout the five month period crosses flamed intermittently across the troubled region. Though many of the victims des- cribe then- torturers as Ku Klux Low tonight 67, cooler Tuesday aft- emoon evening. High Tuesday following his appointment as United States federal jadffe here. Running- against him Saturday and Hacked b'y the same fashion which sup- ported. Tehan was Joseph Reini- bold. Both men are from Milwau- kee. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy with occasional thundershow- ers to night and early Tuesday morning. Mostly warm and humid. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 _____ of violence, the head of the KKK in hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Alabama ordered klansraen to dis- Maximum, 88; minimum, 67; noon, 88; precipitation, none, Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maxi- mum, 81; minimum, 66; noon, 87; precipitation, none: sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at 4 .-28. Weather on Page 10.) ;