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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 27, 1947, Winona, Minnesota EATH-E'R Cluuilr lunltht N Best In Local and wirepbotOB Full Leased Wire News Report of The Auociated Mcotbwr of'the Audit Burvwa of VOLUME 47. NO. I 1 1 WINQNA. MINNESOTA. FRJDAY EVENING, JUNE 27, 1947 Liquor Stamp Held Bar to 3.2 License Ji Qfof A U.S. Charges Violation of U. N. Charter Acheson Asks Action to End Support of Greek Guerrillas By Max Harrel.ton Ijiko Success The United States today chat-Bed that YURO- idavla, Albania and Bulgaria had violated fundamental prlnclplc.i of thp United Nations charter by "u.i- IriR form nKiilan territorial In- trfcrlty and political independence of Orrrcc." This accusation wns made before Mir .Security council by Warren R. Austin, chlrf Si. drlcKiitc, IIH thu roiincti bcKiin debntr (in thr volum- inoai report of the U.N. Balkan investigating commission. Findings Vpholdlnc the commlsslon'it ma- jority aridities that the three Soviet witel'llto utateH had been Hiding Kuerrtlln. flahtcrs In northern Grcecu, Austin cald: "They hnve In fact been com- mittlnK the very kind of acts which .-the United Nations was designed to p-event. and have violated the most important of the basic principles up- on which our organization was founded." Ho pointed out that Bulcarla Albania were not members of the U.N but .said "this docs not mean thai, thi-y nrt> not guilty of having used force In contradiction of the of tho United Nations. Action for Greece Austin then called upon tho coun- cil to toko the "action necessary to prevent further support ot the Greek Kuerrtllivi by Its northern neighbors so that Greece may determine Its own destiny within Us rights ns a sovereign member of these United Austin at tho same time proposed formally that tho council approve the commission's recommendations for T7.N. machinery to keep a care- ful watch over thr, troubled rone where tho four Balkan neighbors have common frontiers. It was Krncrally nitrocd that the debate would continue for dftyH, this has been ono of the most controversial questions considered by the council since- It started op- erating year and R half ago, Pastor Convicted Of Arson; Verdict To Be Appealed Dr. John Lewis, scholarly pastor-on-lcavo of the Calvary Presbyterian church, was convicted today by a Jury of ten men and two women of a charKC of ha vine a (Ire January 25 that did damage to tho church. The Jury ftavr its verdict at a m (C.S.T.i after actual delibera- tion of about elcht hours. The stntfl had charged that thu clergyman fired the church In order to obtain a "blK- ccr and better" edifice. The trial lusted for 10 days. The gaunt clergyman paled and hi.i shoulders sagged 11.1 the verdict wns rend. Conviction on an arson charge in Wisconsin carries n penalty of ono to ten years imprisonment. Defense Attorney Harry V. Mclss- ner announced Immrdlatoly that the verdict would be appealed. Members of tho Jury .inlet the con- viction vertllt was voted on tho Ilfth ballot. _ 40% Wisconsin Surtax Voted By Assembly AVls. WV- A 10 per crnt surtax on Individual and corp- oration Income taxes, dcslKnnd to mlw about annually, primarily for additional school aids, voted by tho Wisconsin as- sembly Thursday. Tho new tax wa.t In tho form of an amendment to a mca.iuro approprt- Mint: about S43.000.000 for tho state's contribution to elementary and high whool operation for tho lO'H-'lO bl- rnnlum. Thr> bill was passed by a vote- of "8 to 15 and sent Imme- diately to tho senate. The appropriation would Increase aids to schools by about over what was contributed by the Mate dtirlnc 10-15-47. Official Jailed for Hiding Red Tie-up Carl A. Mar- M, Itallan-ixjrn former State department xubo'tlctal, wax sentenc- ed today to ono Co thrru years in prison on n chnnir of hlcllnp Com- munist party affiliations In a fed- eral loyalty test. Mnrzanl. a resident of Arlington, Va., was convicted May 22 on all 11 of an Indictment. The maximum penalty that could liavo been asse.'.r.od was ten years' Im- prisonment and fine on each count. He was accused of making false about Communist party tictivitu-s durlns a stale nnd Justice department loyalty investigation last year. Tho V I n C o u n t Bennett of Mlckleham. conservative prlmo minister of Canada from 1030 to lOll.'., died last night at hlft homo ut DorklnB, England. Ho was 70 years old. Born Richard Bedford Ben- nett In Hopcwell Hill. New Brunswick, he became a viscount In the King's birthday honors list on June 12, 1041. He had rrmdc his home in Dor- klnff. Surrey, since early 1039. in 1027 he was chosen head of the Conservative party, then tho opposition, and three years later, in ft campaign against Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie King, his party won 137 of 245 neats and gave Bennett the office of prlmo minister. Ho served out his five-year term and was succeeded by Mac- kenzie King, who has been prime minister since that time. Eisler Gets Year For Contempt Of Congress Washington Eisler today drew the maximum federal court penalty oi" a year in prison and fine for contempt of Con- gresn. Federal District Court 'Justice Alexander Holtzoff paswd tho sen- tence after denying a motion for a new trial and a dramatic personal plea lor mercy from Elsler. who hns been described In Congress as the 'No. 1 Soviet commissar" in this country. Elxler was convicted June 10 of contempt in refusing to take an oath for testimony before tho House committee on un-American actlvl tics last February C. A contempt conviction against Communist Leader Eugene Dennis raised the possibility today of a Su- premo court test of whether the House committee on un-American activities is itself legal, A federal court Jury convicted Dennis, general secretary of the Communist party In the United States, of contempt of Congress last night. The charge can-lea a maxi- mum penalty of one year In prison. His attorney, Louis P. McCabo ot Philadelphia, immediately served notice ot An appeal. McCabe had contended that Dennis refused to answer a subpoena from tho House committee because the committee has no Icscal standing, .Dennl.i. whose real name the IIUM committee has said is Fran- cis Wnldron, took the Jury's verdict calmly and said: "I have Just begun to fight." Tho whlte.i and six live hours. Another admitted communist, Gorhart Elsler, comes up for sen- today in another branch of federal court. He also was convicted of falling to answer n subpoena from tho House committee on un- Amerlcim activities. Elsler has been described in CotiRrcss as the "No. 1 Soviet commissar" in this coun- try. Government Quitting Coal Mines Tonight Idle Now; Full Strike May Follow Vacation nearly two- Uilrds of the nation's miners on strike and a fuel shortage pinch- ing steel mills and railroads, the government prepared for an exit from the .toft coal business at mid- night tonight. Actually the TJ. S. flags at the mines, symbols of eminent op- eration, will not be lowered until Monday noon, but tonight tho min- ers begin a ten-day vacation wJth pay granted In their contract with the Naval Coal Mines administra- tion. The government took over the mines during another strike on May 21, 194G, alter mtto or no coal had been dug for 50 days. The present walkout dated only from last Monday when Congress overrode President Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley labor bill. With- in a few hours several thousands of miners had left the pits; today the number Idle, mainly In protest against the new law, had grown to more than scattered over 11 Housing Shortage Japanese Tokyo Even royalty Is hit by tho current housing shortage. PrlnccsH Asuko, niece of the empress, has been unable to marry Nnrlchlkn scion at Baron Shlmnzu, because they can't find u placu to live. states. Return July 8 The return of the nation's mines in 22 states will leave still unsolved the problem of what will happen next July 8 when the min- ers' vacation ends. No wage con- tract between the mine owners and the Mine Workers has been signed; the miners have always maintained "no contraet. no work." Meanwhile, dwindling stockpiles of coal forced layoffs of steel workr crs and coal-carrying railroads be- gan furloughlng their train crews. With tho possibility of a. major coal strike looming, government au- thorities at Washington said they could not actually estimate how close tho nation Is to a major fuel years that-.information of coal stockpiles unavailable. Agencies collecting this data (Continued on Page 3, Column The Ru.sslon Freighter Suclui.n prepares to take on drums or Deisel fuel oil at Long Beach, Calif. On Thursday, the House or Representatives voted to give the government authority-- to control petroleum exports after hearing reports that the TJ.S.S.R. Is getting larse oil shipments while gasoline rationing is threatened in the United States. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Cautioned by Truman, Leaders Confer on New Law By Harold W. Ward of ;CJ.O. members, cau- tioned by President Truman along with all labor and management to live up to the new Taft-Hartley law, gathered 'today to draft a program of contest_or compliance. Three Powers Open Aid Talks In Paris Today foreigh. ministers of Berlin, Prance and Russia as- sembled here today to try to draft a common response to a United States 'proposal for European eco- nomic reconstruction with American C.I.O. President Philip Murray, convened Ills 51-member executive board to hear an up-to-the-minute size-up of the new statute as com- piled by the labor organization's en- tire legal staff. Attorneys for each of the 43 C.I.O. unions met here yes- terday with General Counsel Lee Pressman. Both the have rejected .F.L'. and the C.I.O, the idea o; general protest "strikes, although A.F.L. Pres-, ident William Green told reporters yesterday that unions throughout1 the nation were urging him to call one to last "until the act is re- pealed." A.F.L. Conference Instead, Green called, a meeting here July. 9 of the heads of the A.F.L'.'s 105 'uffionsV to'go-over tlie law nnd determine a program of same type of session today by Murray and the MINERS Presidential Succession Act Passes Senate The Senate today passed, 50 to 35, legislation suggested by President Truman to line for the Presidency In the absence of a vice-president t ke suro the Earlier, the_Senate rejected 55 to a'V wcllpand frdtMUlly admlnis- President Truman made his ap- peal for compliance by employers and unions in a formal statement at his news conference late yesterday. He called upon both labor and man- agement "to exercise patience and moderation in accommodating them- selves to the changes made neces- sary by the act." "In accordance with the constitu- tional processes of our lie said, "we must all respect Its pro- visions." Mr. Truman formally pledged that the enactment of the Taft- lie will do 31 o proposal by Senator Russell (D.-Ga.) to place Senator Arthur VandcnberR next In line If the presidency should become vacant. Russell offered his proposal as an amendment to a pending bill to establish the speaker of the House as the next successor after the vice-president. Final Arguments In May Trial Begin Today Washington Final argu- ments begin today in the bribe con- spiracy trial of former Representa- tive Andrew J. May (D.-Ky.) and Munitions Makers Henry and Mur- ray Oarsson. Attorneys agreed to limit tho ar- guments-to eight hours for each side and to hold night sessions in order to give the case to tho federal court Jury by the middle of next week. The May, wartime chairman of the House military committee, is accused of taking more than from the Garsson brothers to use his War department Influence for tho string of Garsson arms firms. act "is well and faithfully tercd." aid. The three For- eign Foreign Minister -BldMlt and. to beigfivZtSilt plan of TJ.. S. George C. Marshall. Bevin arrived here by London at .a. m. greeted at the airport by" Biwutt. Molotov arrived yesterday and ceived a similar welcome. Speculation ran to whether the talks would reiult in closer .cooperation between Russia and the western nations or. would intensify disagreements between them evident since .the -war's end.-1 Since .London, Sunday, William L. -IT. 's: under secretary of state 'for-.economic af- fairs, has met with Bevin, Prime Minister Attlee andvother key Brit- ish cabinet ministers, presumably to present the TJ. B. is ex- pected to be on.liand here for1 semi- official "consultations." Clayton is supposed to have told the British leaders what the U. S. government would like European nations to do in their own self-in- House Cuts Funds for Refugee Unit ,_, TTnirrrt the sharing of resources and raw Washington The United materiais nnd the pooling of indus- nHii snrrn become the newest terest help. before asking America for This was reported to cover States will soon become the newest member of the International Ref- ugee organization, formed to care for some persons made homeless by the war in Europe. Only minor differences separated the House and Senate today on bills authorizing this country's partici- pation In the organization, an oH- shoot ol the United Nations. And these appeared easily reconcilable. As passed late yesterday by a standing vote of 124 to 43, the House bill trimmed from the authorized by the Senate as the U. S. contribution. President Nominates National Guard Head Washington Major Gen- eral Kenneth F. Cramer of Wethers- lield, Conn., was nominated by Pres- ident Truman today to be chief of the War department's National Guard bureau for a four-year term. General Cramer would succeed Major General Butler B, Milton- berger of Nebraska, who is retiring because of ill hcnlth. trial equipment, fuel and energy, Officially, the TJ. S. was keeping in the background. This was ,ln line with tho principle laid down by Marshall In the Harvard univer- sity speech June 5 In which he pro- posed his plan. Marshall said that the spark of European recovery must come from Europe itself be- fore America could be expected to help. MacArthur Asks Generation of Jap Supervision MacArthur told, visiting American newspaper executives today that 'Japan-should be "supervised" for "a perhaps with the aid'of' American bomber and flghter planes. The Allied supreme commander mentioned possible supervision "toy the United Nations, but at the same time, he was quoted-as. indicating that a "great our alrpow- cr" from Okinawa .bases :couldi pro- The group of publishers and edi- tors here on'tho Pan American air- ways' Inaugural world flight--spent three hours with the. five-star com- mander. A member of the J. Loy .Malon'ey, managing'editor of the Chicago gave the Associated Iress a report on'Mac- Arthur's views on .various phases of the occupation. Maloncy f'-arther quoted the gen- eral as sayi.ig he did not feel: the Japanese could become militarily strong within 100 years even supervision .were withdrawn. Mac- Arthur polrited out the Japanese are far behind other "nations in technical advances. 11.4 Per Cent Cut in River Funds Asked for Mississippi Flood Control Included An' 11.4 per cent, cut In the civil Junctions-budget of the War department was recommended today by .the House appropriations committee. The-committee advised in a re- port to the House that be appropriated for the activities during the fiscal year starting July l. .Civil functions Include river and harbor and'flood control work, up- krtep of national cemeteries, and maintenance and' operation of the Panama' canal. In making its biggest cuts the committee approved for rivers and harbors, a reduction of the budget, and] for'flood control, a slash. Tho bulk of the. river and harbor funds-was earmarked for mainte- nance and operation of. existing projects. Only is for new construction. The flood .'control fund Includes for. work, on the Missis- sippi river and Its tributaries. Still to be considered by the House are the annual of which hearings 'in .progress, and a foreign relief-deficiency measure on-which bearings start today. The latter', contains budget esti- mates for the loan to oreece and for army-administered relief in occupied for relief In liberated nations: Appropriations of for flood control and river improvement in the Missouri basin 'and upper Mississippi- were recommended. Plans for the river from tho Gar- rison reservoir In'North Dakota to the mouth :at St.: Louis were out- lined in, war' department civil toe.fiscal year would provldo for 670000" in flood, control work, In- cluding more than be- tween Omaha and, Sioux-City, and for channel Improve- ments. This includes for Improvements on the Mississippi between Minneapolis and the mouth of the Missouri. Balance The House. appropriations com- mittee' said the bill would make available for work In the basin fiscal year. The balance of it explained, remains unspent from The garrison .reservoir in North Dakota, the committee said, is the key to flood'control in the entire Missouri valley. It will hold .be- tween and acre feet of water when completed. "The. committee is disappointed that greater progress has not been made In adjusting the controversies over the height of the dam and the settlement with the Fort Berthold Indians tor their lands In the reser- voir the-House members com- mented in their report mado public with the bill. for Garrison The recommended funds for Gar- rison are which the com- mittee said It believes is "all that may be .properly, spent within the years -after settlement has been achieved." The committee recommended that army engineers "DOS- lonlt_wl-II1 v stssre rs: are srs nhoto to Tho BepubUcan-HiraKL i_T, ss New Plane Passes First Flight -Test .ton The Inde- at Fort'Randall, S. D., "for the high earth-fill dam now'contemplated." The. lower .dam might save in v construction costs, the committee, and would .permit completion, of -the' project sooner.'1: Recommendations- for .river Im- provement Include: (Figure? are tot new -money :only) Mississippi river between.-5 Missouri river and Missouri riv- er between Kansas City and the mouth, Missouri river between Kansas- City and Sioux City Missouri, river at Fort Peck, Mont., Jimmy Inman, Nine, displays the four and one-half pound largemoutli boss and the 20-ccnt rod he used to hook the flsh in Centennial Park lake in Nash- ville. Term. Jimmy's "extensive" outfit Includes the rod, a 50-cent lure and a length of wrapping twine. The tricycle Is used for -.transportation from home to the lake, three blocks away. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Premier Quits in Java; Conflict With Dutch Seen Jogjakarta, by a solid front of opposition to his moderate policies, Premier Sutan SJahrir quit as head of the Indone- sian republic's cabinet today and In- donesian sources said "only a mir- acle" could prevent renewed armed conflict with the Dutch. A Dutch spokesman in Batavia, however, said the Netherlands East Indies government expected Presi- dent Soekarno. in his first move as head of an, emergency presidential cabinet, to request arbitration of the current crisis by a third power or by the United Nations. The spokesman said the NEI government bad-been .informed un- officially that a letter irom Soekar- no containing such an arbitration request probably would be delivered to'H. J. van acting gov- ernor general, some time today. SJahrir stepped out during an all- night cabinet meeting at which he found all Indonesian par- tics aligned against his policy of making concessions to the Nether- lands in negotiations concerning for- mation of an interim government for the TJnited States of Indonesia, which is slated to attain independ- ence on January 1, 1949. President Soekarno immediately accepted the 37-year-old premier's resignation but ordered members ol SJohrir's cabinet to retain their portfolios until a new cabinet could be formed under the president's per- sonal leadership. An Indonesian spokesman, one of SJshrir's associates, predicted that Dutch army units would begin oper- ations within "two or three days" as a result of SJahrir's fall. Indonesian sources close to the government said Soekarno undoubt- edly would reject any further com- promises, since the fate of the SJahrir cabinet represented a harsh defeat for Indonesian moderates. 40 Scientists to Study at Bikini Washington sun rises tomorrow at _______ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pet. Bemidji S3 Des Moines 86 Duluth si int. Falls 73 Mpls.-St. Paul 89 New Orleans 91 Phoenix ...........106 Rcginu 70 The Pas G8 52 69 58 53 68 75 M 47 .26 .70 K1VER BULLETIN JHood Stage 24 hr. Red Wins Lake City Dulnth, after delegates had voted to seek lifting of some' oi his anti-gambling bans. Governor Luther Youngdahl last night launched into a full-scale de- fense of his entire law enforcement campaign at the annual banquet of ihe Minnesota! Veterans of Foreign Wars 28th.-' encampment. .His as an after- math ot convention charges that the 1947 legislature had been "inter- ested only in slot machines and punchboards" to the detriment of veterans leglslation.- Youngdahr told the banquet pendcnce has passed its first flight test and soori, its builders announce, will be ready for President Truman. Douglas aircraft officials said the two-hour teat was the "first of a series which, the new .presidential DC-6, transport will; undergo here ..._, before belniz turned -aW' to tne toto the tens of ol army air ttansport command-next "I will take the abuse and brick- Tuesday. guests he "remained .deeply con- the kind'of environment our children are in." "How can we 'to earn the-confidence and-.respect of other nations when, we fall .to clean house at home' and continue to pay for .annual crime running Dam 4. T.W. Dam 5, T.W. Dam 5A. T.W btU M long M I know that I am forgotten. for law should be the prime pre- cept of adults in setting the pat- tern- for coming generations." Willie supporting the chief execu- tive's law enforcement campaign generally, the resolution enacted by the convention asked that a spe- cial, session ot the legislature be summoned to lift the gaming bans insofar as they applied to bingo games and raffles conducted by non-profit organizations. George G. McPartlin, St. Paul, encampment legislative committee chairman, voiced tlie all-out at- tack on the recent legislature. "On tile basis of their he declared, "not one single Min- nesota legislator deserves to be re- turned to that body. Veterans were almost entirely bypassed by them In. their avid attention to punch- boards and slot machines. Tlie state bonus, housing and any oUicr legislation aimed at aiding those who helped win tlie war, were all 12 13 12 C.7 0.5 G.O 6.8 4.S 6.1 65 7.0 G.7 3.4 9.6 5.8 7.3 3. J. .1 Dam 6, Pool Dam 6, T.W. Dakota (C.P.) Dam 7. Pool Dam 7, T.W. La Crosse Tributary Streams Chlppcwa at Durond.. 3.6 Zumbrb at Theilman.. 2.G Buffalo above Alma.... -2 3 Trempealeau at Dodge. .6 -1 Black at Galesville-----3.0 La Crosse at W. Salem 1.3 -1 Root at Houston ......C.G RIVER FORECAST (From Hastincs to Guttenbecr) Effective rains the past 24 houn will produce rises from Hastings to La Crosse with average amounts of 3 to .4 foot over Sunday. From Genoa to below Prairie du ChSen the river will fall slowly, then be- come stationary by Monday. change indicated on trtbut-irtes ex- cept the Trempealeau river will rise sharply. ;