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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 23, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COOLER TONIGHT, FRIDAY LUVERNE HAS A SWIMMING POOL VOLUME 49, NO. 108 WINONA, MINNESOTA; THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-TWO PAGES Spectators At The Capitol in Washington today greeted Secretary of State Dean Acheson with ap- plause as he arrived to report at closed session of the House foreign affairs committee on the recent ministers' conference in Paris.. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Storm Washes Out Acheson Repeats Dam at Whitewater Pad, Anns Plea To House Group St. Charles, the third time this week, heavy rains have washed out a temporary dam at the swimming pool in White- water State park. Governors Eye Senate Chances At Conference Annual Sessions Come to End at Colorado Springs By Jack Bell Colorado Springs, Colo. A crop of senatorial candidates ap- peared to be sprouting today as the nation's governors ended their 41st annual conference. At least three the new conference chairman, Kan- sas' Republican Governor Frank being counted here as probable entrants in next year's Senate races. Pennsylvania's Republican Gov- ernor James H. Duff and Colorado's Democratic Governor Lee Knous are linked with Carlson .as likely candidates. But nobody professed to know anything about the future plans of New York's Governor Thomas E. Dewey, the 1948 G.O.P. presidential nominee. Best bet was that if Dewey runs again at all, it will be for re-election as governor next year. Dewey's, running mate on last Washington Secretary of McConnon Leads Fight On Aphids in Dakotas Barge Traffic Doubled on Upper River The damage has delayed for at least two-weeks the completion of [state Acheson re-emphasized today! the park swimming pool which had been scheduled for July 20. Arthur W. Ohland, park superintendent, liiid that the washouts have inflict- More Candor Suggested on Atomic Power Berkeley, could be more "candor" about the pro- spects for atomic power without endangering national security, says Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer.! ed loss of in materials. The dam, built as a temporary structure to divert water from the stream into the pool, was washed out by a cloudburst Sunday eve- ning. Repairs were made Monday on the gates, but another rainstorm Monday night again sent water rip- ping through the dam. Workmen piled up 175 sand bags in the gap in an effort to stem the flow of muddy water, but last night's storm again sent the crest over the gate and washed sandbags downstream. Rainfall this week has totaled time to the ''ut- most importance" of approving the North' Atlantic pact and European arms program at this congressional session. Acheson also urged action by June 30 on a bill to provide of economic aid for Korea. The secretary spent more than two hours with the House foreign affairs committee and issued a brief statement afterward. He under- scored what he had told the Senate foreign relations committee yester- action on the treaty and year's ticket, California's1 Governor Warren, is being listed as al- certain to seek re-election. Friends said they are willing to bet that Ohio's Democratic Gov- ernor Frank Lausche, sometimes] St. Paul Barge traffic on the Upper Mississippi river through May is nearly double the tonnage for the same period of 1948, preliminary estimates by the corps of engineers, St. Paul, showed today. Total tannage of receipts and shipments is this year compared with last year. Democrats See Public Housing Victory Near By Francis M. Le May talked as a possible opponent for I Washington Republican Senator Robert A.! Democrats Taft, instead will run for governor confidently predicted again. None of the three governors, how- ever, would admit publicly that they are eyeing the Senate. All took active parts in the three days of conference debate's which ended with passage of a series of resolu- tions. In one of these, the governors gave a general endorsement to the arms program-are needed to back i administration's foreign policies, in- 11T-1 TinTimf in _ f 4-L. _ up America's policy in Europe. eluding of the United Na- il "f OL-LJ-' .i-ISJl Li Ul. LiUG U He told the senators that thejtions, the European Recovery pro- inability of the western delegates! gram and the North Atlantic pact. at the conference to come to any) The resolution's call for Senate "It seems to me that we never! 1.67 inches in Winona. Sunday the will find out whether atomic, en- ternoon when tie first lightning! a storm broke, a total of .78 inch real- agreement with 'Russia ergy for civilian use would good thing unless we are told more about what can and cannot be expected of the famed nuclear physicist said. His comment was in answer to questions of reporters who callec yesterday at his cubbyhole office at the University of California, where he is teaching a short spe- cial summer course. Oppenheimer is director of .the Institute tor Ad- vanced Study at Princeton Univer- sity. On the issue of disclosing the number of atom bombs possessed by the United States, Oppenheimer said it was "primarily a matter ol political wisdom." He expressed the opinion that some information on the size of the stockpile could be made public without harm. He suggested that universities go slow about requiring loyalty oaths. "We want free world but we do not want to lose our free coun- try In dealing with some of the lesser issues he said. Personally, he added, "I have sign- ed so many loyalty oaths that one more wouldn't make much differ- "to implement the pact and storm fell in this vicinity.-Monday's pre- cipitation was .54 inclv- and Wed- nesday night, .35 inch. Temperatures have ranged from a humid high of 96 degrees Mon- day to a low of 60 degrees fol- lowing the storm Monday night. In the past 24 hours, the- mercury dropped to 65 after a daytime high of 89 degrees. The weatherman forecasts partly cloudy and slightly cool- er weather for tonight and Fri- day. High for tomorrow is ex- pected to be 77 and 62 the min- imum. The Root river rose 0.8 foot at Hokah, the biggest rise in many weeks. However, no appreciable change in the Mississippi river stages was expected here. Air National Guard Plans Practice Raids -.-.._ force and effect" -ted generally was regarded as indirect approval of the proposed Senator Vandenberg of Michigan, program to rearm western victory as the slam-bang House de- bate on public which I started off with a fist into its second, day. I House leaders claimed a margin of 30 votes for President' Truman's hotly contested housing bill, one of the major domestic of his "fair deal" legislative program. Speaker Rayburn (D-Texas) told reporters the administration is sure to win. However, lawmakers spearhead- ing an opposition team of Republi- cans and southern Democrats in- sisted the issue is still in doubt. Here Is The Path the American Airlines' "City of San Antonio" followed in crash landing at Memphis, Term., injuring at least 34. It skidded across a field and a highway into a tree. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) that the ad- a Republican leader in foreign af- fairs, said afterwards that "Con- gress can't adjourn-without acting on both." Democratic Leader 'Lucas of Illinois expressed much the same opinion. So did Senator Connally chairman of the foreign relations committee. Acheson's plea also got backing from the nation's state governors, meeting at Colorado Springs, Colo. They passed a unanimous resolution urging swift pact approval, followed by any action needed to give the treaty "full force and effect.' Only the Senate need approve the Atlantic treaty. Both House and Senate would have to okay the plan to rearm this country's west- ern European friends. Europe. Astrid Survivors Sail for U.S. On Elizabeth Southampton, England Six St. Paul St. Paul and Du- Oppenheimer said the on Sunday. prp rtninp1 m-fullTr !vt -r ,uth will be targets for a practice bombing attack by the 71st fighter wing of the Air National Guard were doing "wonderfully well" in atomic research even though they were spending virtunlly no money on it. Most of this work, he added, is in theoretical physics. Faribault Sheriff Doubts Man Held Linked With Slaying St. Paul Building Shutdown Spreads Minneapolis The construc- tion work shutdown was spreading In Minneapolis today and union officials predicted it would be corn- Monday. Colonel Ernest R. Berg, Minn- eapolis, commander of the Minn- esota squadron to take part, said the flight would include more than; 60 bombers and fighting planes. I The first group win take off t'hTpTo- from St. Louis to simulate a foray( jects had been halted. against Des Moines, Iowa. Planesj The unions are demanding a stationed there wm first seek toj ten cents an hour wage increase, intercept the bombers and later Employers have made no offer join them for a similar sortie since a fact finding commission against Sioux City, Iowa, where more planes will join the flight. Eight fighters and a bomber will "defend" St. Paul before joining the flight for the attack on Du- luth. The group is expected to be Faribault. Mimi.-Lfl-A suspect ?ver St' Paul between 10 a.m. and __ n YYI e_____ in' the Faribnult rape murder case still was being held In jail here j today but Sheriff John Simon said he was reasonably certain the man had no connection with the case. He was brought here from St. Paul by crime bureau agents after being picked up .tor qnestioning in connection with the slaying of seven- year-old Harlow O'Brien. Victim in the Faribault case was Fred Morsching, 19. The man who killed Morsching then raped his 17-year old girl companion. The incidents took place the night of May 22. She looked at the latest suspect but said, while he resembled her) attacker, she couldn't say definitely whether he was or was not the man. Sheriff Simon said the man first admitted and Inter denied he had committed the crimes, but that he and other officials are inclined to] believe the denial. He is being held while'some de- tails of his statements are checked. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winoaa end vicinity: Partly cloudy and a little cooler tonight and Frfdny. Low tonight 62, high Friday 77. IOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 89; minimum, 65; noon. 34; precipitation, .35; sun sets totu'ght at sun rises to- morrow ac Additional weather on page 19. Sunday, with the foray recommended a seven and a half cents an hour increase. Some independent contractors in both towns have signed up for the ten cent increase. Thus far only major construction projects in Minneapolis have been affected, but in St. Paul even small home construction jobs were survivors of the sunken steamer Princess Astrid sailed today on the uxury liner Queen Elizabeth with- out a piece of luggage. Four of them were traveling to the United States to get a new start in life with the clothes they wore when they scrambled into the Coplon Defends Loyalty By Karl R. Bauman Coplon's impassioned defense of her morals and her loyalty brought her close to the end of her cross-examination today. ministration proposal imperils1 the financial soundness of the govern- ment. The legislation proposes a vast program of slum clearance, low- rent public housing and farm hous- ing aids. Its cost has been estimat- ed all the way from to The tension broke Into a fist- swinging brawl yesterday. The principals were the 83-year-old dean of the House, Representative Sa- bath a stout supporter of land now you are trying to brand j the bill and Representative Cox (D-'nie as a harlot! 69, a bitter opponent. A scuffle developed in an argu- Government Prosecutor John M. Kelley, Jr., said he might finish Ilia questioning before the end of the day. As Kelley hammered away yesterday at Miss Coplon's--story of a kissless Russian Engineer Valentine A. Gubitchev, the calm she had displayed during most of her long espionage trial evap- orated. Once she leaned forward in the witness chair and shouted: "You have branded me as a spy! ment 'over how long Cox. could speak on the bill. Sabath was con- trolling the time at that point. The word "liar" was flung and each of the two landed a couple of blows as they stood toe-to-toe on the House floor. She swore trysts with that her all-night Justice Department tl_ nother member separated them; Lawyer N. P. Shapiro in Baltimore and Philadelphia hotels and in his Washington apartment involved noi improper conduct. She has testi- fied that these meetings occurred at a time when she thought she loved Gubitchev. Astrid's lifeboats. They slept last damage was done Later Sa-jtnat Snapiro is a part Of this _ _ j. j. cHrtnl- ViafiJr- nnc4 nigh in the ship's purser. "We had to borrowed leave every- sorry. As the debate progressed, Rep- thing behind in Czechoslovakia ex- D. Roosevelt........ _ _ cept our clothes and personal be-lfr> KeUev suggested that her attorney, 'a co-lArchibald Palmer, call him. Palmer operative housing program for mod longings and now they're at the bottom of the said Mrs, Anna Duda, 40. "But we saved our passports and money because when we started our trip we put them in linen bags and fastened them around our necks." Mrs. Duda With her sons, Tho- nas, 14, and John, 11, is traveling -o Bridgeport, Conn., to join her husband, a timber foreman. Mrs. Elena Klembus, 22-year-old dark haired Hungarian, is joining her husband, an upholsterer, in Arnold, Pa. "Even my handbag went down with the she said, "but I saved my money and passport by stuffing them in the pockets of hour after the ships leave here. erate income families. u New Stem Rust Threatens Wheat Moscow, Idaho A new po- tential threat to the nation's wheat industry was described yesterday at a meeting of 100 agronomists from the 11 western states. Dr. F. C. Elliott .said a virulent new stem rust, 15-B, is attacking wheat varieties previously known for their resistance to rust. He said the rust has shown up in Ohio, Minnesota and Canada. Re- search men hope to develop resis- tance to the breeding with disease by cross- Russian wheat va- His Shirt Drenched with blood, an unidentified Negro wields a club to ward off members of a crowd after he was beaten at St Louis, Mo. Police rescued him after he was backed up on a house porch on this street, adjacent to a park where whites and Negroes fought over rights to a city-owned swimming pool. (A.P. Wirephoto.) riety, but major problems are in- volved. Dr. Elliott is research agronomist at Washington State j college. j Groups meeting here are the I western branches of the American Socity of Agronomy, the Interna- tional Crop Improvement associa- tion, the Alfalfa Improvement Con> ference and the Wheat Improve- ment Conference. Couple Selected as State's 'Happiest Married' Minneapolis Dr. and Mrs. Charles G. Forrest, Clearbrook, to- day were tagged "Minnesota's hap- piest married couple." The two, who have been married 46 years, were chosen after more than "nominating" letters were scanned by judges. "Our home has always been full of affection, understand- ing and good Mrs. Georg-e Hoppe, Minneapolis, a daughter of the Forrest's, wrote. The search was conducted by. the Minneapolis Aquatennial associa- tion and "bride and A.B.C. radio program. The Forrests will ride in the Aquatennial parade July 23 and fly the next day to Califor- nia for a "second honeymoon" as guests of the radio program. Dutch Plane Falls Off Italy, 30 to 40 Dead Italy tffl A four-enginec K.L.M. (Royal Dutch Airlines) plane crashed in the sea off this southeastern Italian port today, kil- ling between 30 and 40 persons., Americans, Dutch and Turks were said to have been aboard. Ap- parently there were no survivors. A Barl port official said 24 bod- ies had been recovered, many bad- ly burned. These included 16 men, five women and three children, he said. Recovery of other bodies believed trapped in the wreckage was hind- ered by choppy seas. Italian navy i prepared here in Winona divers and patrol craft were with water at the airports must When his name came up again m the recovery operations. be done under trained supervision. yesterday, Miss Coplon said The plane crashed in bright, clear By Tuesday North Dakota had have come to tne conclusion whole she stormed. She demanded that Kelley call Shapiro, a Justice department at- torney, as a witness in the trial. told reporters he had no intention of doing so. Shapiro Implicated Kelley brought Shapiro's name into Tuesday after having the dependant repeat the story of her romance with Gubitchev. Sha- piro has not comment. been available for Area Sprayed With Parathion Wheat, Oats Main Target of Pests; Fought From Air By Adolph Bremer Because Winona's McConnon Company had the right answer to "What have you got for the green the Winona firm today is leading the all-out aerial war against the insect in North and South Dakota. Some acres of crops, threatened by the green aphid, have already been sprayed with "outstandingly good ac- cording to a McConnon officer. And since -the initial aerial test at Winner, S. D., last Friday, the poison has been leaving Winona by railroad, truck and plane for Da- kota airfields, where H. O. Mc- Connon, the firm's vice-president, directed the start of the fight. The poison that is working the miracle for the small crops in the 3akotas is paratnion, a phosphate base poison U. S. military mis- sions-brought to the United States from Germany after World War n. Controlled Pea Loose It had been used successfully earlier this year on the pea louse a first cousin of the green aphid but when General Man- ager James McConnon was asked 'or help last week by an aphid- harassed S. D. agricultural depart- ment official, he promptly sug- gested parathion. "I'm no Mr. Mc- Connon admits, "But when he said 'green bug1 I remembered read- ing something." Mr. McConnon from that "read- ing" diagnosed correctly that it was the "green aphid" attacking- the small crops rather than the "green bug." On the basis of the success the company had had with parathion against the pea louse, he recom- mended parathion. Farmers and county agents in the stricken area had tried "every- thing" up to this time, and the agriculture official was ready to try anything. That telephone conversation- was last Thursday. On that advice, a plane was flown into Winona, and it took supply of the parathion emulsion and H. G. McConnon to Winner. The next day Friday the 'irst. fields were sprayed from a plane. First Results Good Results were good, more planes were enlisted, meetings were held and parathion was hailed as the crop-saver, according to H. G. McConnon. There was one hitch. He warned tie farmers and county agents that he chemical is highly poisonous nd for that reason its distribution must be confined to specialized air- spraym the too, had told her that he loved neriweather. A'iight northeast wind wa and wanted her to marry him, but that her relations with him were Platonic. blowing. Some accounts said th transport went down in flames from a height of about feet. "I did not want to marry him! K.L.M. officials in Rome indicat because I did not love she snapped at Kelley. She said Shapiro first learned of iubitchev when she asked his help n choosing a necktie she gave the Russian for Christmas, 1948. She added that Shapiro disapproved of her dating a Russian, and argued with her about it. ed the plane may have been of its course and possibly was trying for an emergency landing at an airport near Bari. The plane wa, en route from Batavia, Java, tc Amsterdam. Baggage and other ef heard about it, too, and McConnon was beseiged with requests. A North Dakota plane flew in here Tuesday for a parathion supply, and S. A. Rohwer, Washington, D. C., assistant chief of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, U. S. De- partment of Agriculture, called to ask if McConnon's had enough. The answer was-yes. The .first spraying was done in fects recovered indicated at least North Dakota yesterday with "out- some of the passengers boarded tbi aircraft in Batavia. Convict Gambles With Life In Third Medical Experiment Ossining, N. T. By gambling with his life, a Sing Sing prisoner has helped write recent medical history. Even today, doctors are wait- ing to see if he will live or die as a result of the latest experi- ment for which he volunteered. The dramatic role that 49- year-old Louis Boy has played in major medical tests was de- tailed yesterday for the first time. Some of his deeds had been told previously, but he had re- mained anonymous. And au- thorities had not disclosed that the same man-'had figured in several tests any of which might have killed him. Boy is serving a life term for his part in the 1931 mur- der of a garage cashier during a New York city holdup. He was convicted with two other men. They'were, sentenced to electrocution, but Boy's sentence was commuted in 1932 by then Governor Franklin D. Roose- velt. In 1942, the i government was testing atabrine as a .weapon against malaria. To determine if the drug was polsoncus, Boy volunteered to take it. It didn't hurt him. Later, millions of American service men in the war used the drug to stave off malaria. In 1943, a "guinea pig" was needed on which ,to test a new influenza vaccine developed by the Rockefeller institute. Boy again volunteered, and escaped possible death. Several weeks ago, in a last- ditch attempt by doctors to save the life of a small girl dying of leukemia, Boy submit- ted "to a blood exchange during which, ite took a quantity of the child's infected blood into his own body. The girl later died. Doctors say Boy seems all right, but it may -be, months before they know if he will survive. V standing good according to James McConnon. Two Tears of Research then, is the payoff for two years of research by McConnon's entomologist, H. H. Harris, who has ixperiraented with the poison on ,he pea louse and corn borer in the laboratory and recently on the pea louse or aphid in the field. Parathion was used extensively on the pea aphid in the Rochester vicinity recently with good results, James McConnon said. But its use on the green an insect one-sixteenth ot an inch ong when full not a shot in the dark, was a scientific guess. It now appears to be helping the "armers, who pay from between and an acre for the spray and spraying. Says H. G. McConnon, who re- urned to Winona last night: "The aphid infestation came as such a complete surprise, neither growers nor county agents were prepared to meet it. "The cold, moist -spring proved deal for hatching the green bugs. the time, It was poor'for heir natural enemies, principal of 'hich is the so-called lady bug. A spell of continuing hot; weather now aid materially in the aphid extermination campaign, through Continued on Pace 3, Column 5.) MCCONNON ;