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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 23, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER nhnweri ton (fhi, eon lor morn In cloudy And oaoler. Full Leated Wire Report of The Associated Pretm Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 48, NO. 108 wiNONA. MINNESOTA. WEDNESDAY EVENING. JUNE 23. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Stassen and Taft Could Stop Dewey By Joseph and Stewart Al.nop Philadelphia The central fig- ure or tho opening phase of the Republican convention Is the brisk competent, ambitious governor of Now York. Thomas E, Dewey wants tho presidency so brully he can taste it. Ho Is so close to getting the Republican nomlntitlon that he must already Imagine ho hears the deaf- ening, delicious rorir of the ovatlor lor tho victor. He Is pressing so hare that Irreverent gossips say ho has Already promised a single, unhap- pily liullvlslblo collectorshlp of the Bureau of Internal Revenue to no loss than three of the hungry faith- ful. And ho would have the thing In tho bug if a few people liked him Just a little bit better, The lenders whoso dislike threat- ens Governor Dewey are Hnrold Stasson, Governor Earl Warren ol California and Governor James Duff of Pennsylvania. If these three should combine with Governor Drls- coll of New Jersey to start a boom for Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, Downy's chances of being nominated would be drastically reduced. Or if Harold Stassen should agree to sup- port Senator Robert A, Taft In re- turn for second place on the ticket Taft would become a very real chal- lenge to his New York rival. A TAFT-STASSEN ticket has boon' (i secret Taft objective for some time, although Taft was read- ing Stowen out of tho Republican party only a few weeks ago. In the sciua'lld closing hours of tho Con- gress, Tatt's Philadelphia floor man- ager, Congressman George Bender was talking a Tatt-Stassen deal to every Stasscnlto in sight. Now the Idea of tho deal has been publicly endorsed by no less a titan than Colonel Robert R. McCormlck, whose eagerness to get Taft Into tho presi- dency seems to have overcome his detestation for Stassen. Tho story behind all this mystifying maneu- vering casts a rather sharp, unlovely light, both on tho character of this convention and on Governor Dew- Stop Deweyites Woo Vandenberg Miners' Anti-Strike Order Dismissed Washington T. Alan Goldsborough dismissed today his court order banning the United Mine Workers from leaving their Jobs. Goldsborough acted on n motion by the Justice department. When H, Graham Morison, as- sistant attorney general, offered the motion the Justice commented that dispute over operation of the pen- sion fund. Goldsborough Issued it after he had flned Lewis and the U.M.W. for contempt of court for failure to obey a temporary order by Fed- eral Judge Matthew P. McGuire banning a strike. Since this order stemmed from a pension fund dispute in, which Goldsborough yesterday upheld Lewis' payment plan, the Justice iHLrllUti UHU J UiDL-JUW j-Vij-i the matter In effect had been dls-1 department took the position the Posed of yesterday. .....order wuld have no cflccb m ha- Goklsborough referred to his de- cision upholding John L. Lewis' plan to pay retired miners a ?100 month- ly pension. Tho court order against, a strike was Issued by Goldsborough. April 21 to end a walkout resulting from ey's problem. Downy's problem, essentially, is to capture- ono of tho big stato dele- gations which, added to his present strength, should curry his band- wagon across tho finish line. All things considered, Illinois has long been about his best bet. Tho Illinois ravorlto son is Governor Dwlght Orcen, who in Just the sort of poli- tician who could bo expected to make his way as Colonel McCor- mlck's creature. Under McCormick's influence, Illinois is committed to TaTt. But there are already at least eight Dcwcy men In the group, and over forty of tho Illinois delegates nrn state office-holders. If Green could be induced to break away from McCormlck, tho office-holders would follow. Taft would lose Illi- nois. ACCORDINGLY, some time ago, It began to bo known that Dewey was trying to tempt Governor Orccn, who longs to ascend to the empyrean ot national politics. What must conrsoly be called a deal seems to have been ottered. Green was to (Continued on Page 5, Column 1.) ALSOI'S Weather FOHECASTS Wlnonu and vicinity Mostly cloudy, local showers or thunder- storms early tonight, becoming cool- er toward morning. Thursday partly cloudy and cooler. Low tonight SO; high Thursday IS. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 81; minimum, 71: noon, precipitation, .OC; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomor- row ot TKMPEBATOnES Ermldjl Chicago ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Prcc. 1.12 .6-1 .42 2.64 no 88 GO 68 43 Dus Molncs 65 Duluth 55 45 International Falls., M 01 Kansas City H2 C8 Los Angeles........ 72 5f> Miami .............SB 81 Mpl.s.-Sc. Paul 80 64. New Orlonns 78 Nrw York 66 5f> Sriiltlr 49 Phoenix ffi 70 Washington 85 Winnipeg 70 60 DAILY KIVER BULLETIN Flood Stago 24-hr, Stage Today Change Red Wing 14 2.G Lake City 6.3 Reads 12 3-5 Dam 4, T.W..... Dam fx T.W..... 2.4 Dam 5A. T.W. 3.2 Wlnona........ 13 5-4 Dam Pool P.2 Dam 0. 4.2 Dam 7, Pool 0.5 Dam 7, T.W..... l.B Crossr 12 4.8 Tributary Streams Chtpprwa at Diirand 1.8 Zumbro at Thi'llmnn nuffalo above Alma 1.6 Ti-emjiciilcnu nt Dodge .5 Illurk nt CmU'KVtllc 2.4 Crnssc nt W. Sulcm 1.6 Root at Houxton 5.0 UlVKlt FORECAST (l-'rnm llustlnps to Guttcnbcrc) A very slight opening of all gates throughout, the district will produce rises ot .1 foot or less at all tallwatcr gauges the next 24 hours, Lower pools will remain practically sta- tionary. Allies Snub Soviet Berlin Money Reform New Red Currency Declared Violation of 4-Power Rules Berlin (fP) The -western allies, In defiance of the Russians, declared today that a newly proclaimed Rus- sian currency will be void in the western sectors of Berlin. They said, in a proclamation to the people ot the city, that a sepa- rate currency will be introduced in the three western sectors. The an- nouncement was broadcast by the U. S. sponsored radio station, Bias. The three western commandants lor the city ordered all banks and i business institutions except rood and drug stores closed, A moratorium 'on debts was ordered. The Russian order for currency reform In Berlin, announced early this morning, "violates the rules of four-power the west- ern power proclamation said. "The three western occupation powers therefore declare the order over currency reform in Berlin null and it said. The Berlin magistrate, executive body of the city government, de- cided at a special meeting a short Herbert Hoover, given the first real ovation time before not to accept the Rus- tinl nvention soberl counselled his sian order for the entire city It ing a work stoppage that might arise over a contract talk dead- lock. The miners and operators now are engaged in bargaining for a new wage agreement to replace one ex- piring June 30. Ovation for Hoover Former President Asks to Save World From Communism, Slavery Stassen, Taft Map Strategy of the Republican national convention, soberly counselled party Tuesday night to produce leadership and inspiration to the world from communism and slavery. The delegates, alternates and guests who packed this hall listened, attentively as Hoover set a new tone by avoiding that Not a Candidate For U. S. Senate, Stassen Declares By Adolph Johnson A.P. Special Service Philadelphia "A move of desperation" Is Harold Stossen's de- scription of tho withdrawal of Sen- ator Edward Martin of Pennsylva- nia in favor of Governor Thomas.E, Dcwcy of New York lor the Repub- .Ican presidential nomination. And, Stassen added at a news con- ference Tuesday, he stands to gain and Dewey to lose as a result of Martin's action, "The sudden Grundy-Dewcy agree- ment without consultation with the Pennsylvania delegation Is a con- fession of Stassen told reporters. "It means that the smoke-filled room has been resorted to even .be- fore tho balloting begins. It indi- cates the Orundy leadership felt it could not control the delegates and had to act without a caucus. "This move of desperation has im- proved our prospects." (Grundy Is Joo Grundy, a party leader in Pennsylvania.) Stassen was asked, as he is at every news conference, whether he would accept the vice-presidency. He made his usual reply: am in the race for the presidential nomi- Still trying to learn Stassen's plans If he is not nominated, another New Money The Soviet announcement of the partisanship and by refraining !ncw currency followed by four days from a single mention of President Roosevelt, President Truman, or the New Deal, The only living ex-president pleaded instead for Republicans to rise to -their responsibilities with wise and prompt statesmanship as trustees of the "cause of human liberty." Hoover received the first real of tho convention. Delegates and alternates rosel't from their chairs with one accord and started cheering when Hoover was escorted to the platform by Notional Chairman Carroll Rcece after 45 minutes of oratory by Speaker of the House Joseph W. Martin, Jr., of Massachusetts. Iowa Leads Parade As Hoover waved a friendly greet- ing, state banners started dancing and, led by Iowa and California, a parade! started. The band piayc.d "Glory, Glory Hallelujah" in Hoover's honor, with its final line which the delegates 'His truth is marching roared out: on introduction of a. new mark in the western zones occupied by the Am- ericans, British and French. The Russians sought to include Berlin in their new currency area as part of the Soviet occupation zone. The western powers opposed. They maintain Berlin Js a four- power city, although deep Inside the Russian-occupied part of Germany, and that nothing can be done about it without the consent of all four occupying powers. The result appeared to be that this city of persons will have two kinds of eastern type and a western type. Just how this financial mess will turn out, no one could be found bravo enough lo hazard even a guess. Everyone agreed on a one-word description: 'chaos." 4-Power Meets The Russians agreed to four-power negotiations on currency for Berlin yesterday. But after five hours of deliberating the negotiators ad- journed last night without decision. Within two hours the Russians is- sued their proclamations Bcpublican Slate Chairmen from seven Midwest and Mountain states discuss strategy at breakfast before today's session of the G.O.P. national convention. Left to right: Whitney GiUllland, Iowa. Vernon Romney, Utah; A. T. Howard, Neb.; Joe Bottum. Jr.. S. D.: Ewing T. Kerr, Wyo.; Bemhard LeVander Minn and Charles R. Fischer, Iowa. (A.P. wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Driving Greek Army Shelled From Albania Psychiatrist Sees Louis Win by Early Round K.O. (Editor's Note: Using methcas cf scientific analysis. Dr. J. L. Moreno, psychiatrist, picks the probable winner of Thursday's championship fight. His find- ings follow.) By J. L. Moreno, M. D. New York W) Joe Louis should knock out Walcott Thursday night, probably in the early rounds. The fight was originally scheduled for tonight. Tills is the greatest probability, based upon scientific methods of prediction. Just letting my emotions 50, my own personal hunch would have been for Joe Walcott to win. But that would be because I like the way he fights. I feel sympathy for him, a, family nran so near suc- cess after so many lean years. But the scientific data points this way: Martin, acting" as the convention's ing the new Soviet currency, lalrman, for 17 minutes tried un- "In the Russians said, i-n vinit-. the unrnar to "the only money in circulation will chairman. __ successfully to halt the uproar to let Hoover proceed. An abortive "we want Stassen" cry came from the galleries but it died out quickly. Deeply touched, Hoover said he found it difficult to express his ap- preciation of the welcome. There was frequent spontaneous applause as Hoover spoke, although his oratorical manner has nevSr been one to generate wild enthusi- asm. But the 17-minute ovation1 which followed his arrival on the platform was evidence of the warm respect in which he is held. the only money in be the money of the Soviet oc- cupation zone." They said violators will be punished. The German news agency also quoted the Russian, finance cKief as warning the western powers that unless they accept the Soviet cur- rency reform "economic sanctions" would be applied. This was taken to mean the So- viets intend to try and cut off all supplies to Berlin, questionervnsked whether Minnesota; Warm applause again came at Republicans could pick him for the Scuate. "They can't nominate me unless I run, and I will not Stassen answered. The term of Senator Joseph H. Ball, Republican, expires this year. He is a candidate for re-election. Stassen opened his Jammed news conference by saying he had received encouraging news from the Colorado delegation. The delegation voted to give him seven flrst ballot votes, with four for Senator Robert Taft, three for Dewey and one for Speak- er Joe Martin. "That Is a better result for us than any advance estimates had Indlcat- "I feel there will be a succession of this kind of results. As this news comes out you will see some addl- marks of desperation such as the conclusion of Hoover's address. This, however, lasted less than three minutes. The aging elder statesman, coun- seling his parly at a con- vention for the third time since he was defeated for u second term in the 1D32 Roosevelt landslide, had second billing for the evening. Speaker Joseph W. Martin. Jr., of Massachusetts, taking the gavel as permanent chairman, delivered (Continued on Papc 5, Column 5.) HOOVER R.E.A. Loan to Go to Jackson Co-op Washington Anti-Red Bill To Be Pressed In Next Congress "Washington A renewed drive for anti-communist legislation will be pressed in the next Con- gress, Senator Wiley (R.-Wls.) said today. The chairman of the Senate judi- ciary committee told a reporter the Mundt-Nlxon bill will be presented in new form to take care of con- stitutional objections to the House- passed measure. Wiley said Attorney Louis to win by a knockout. The biggest chance for it is within By L. S. Chakalcs Greek army troops pushing to encircle some guer- rillas in the Grammos mountain area have been shelled from across the Albanian border, press dis- patches from Kozane said today. The dispatches, from second army corps headquarters, said some rebel forces withdrew into Albania, west of Pyrsoyani. Later, the correspond- ent for the newspaper Embros said, the insurgents re-entered Greece from Amarandos and attacked a Greek flank. the rounds. Another dispatch said the Greek forces were shelled from the vil- lages of Kamenlk and Maria, three miles east of the Albania town of Leskovic. It was reported the heavy artillery and witnessed by members of a United Nations Balkans commission obser- vation team. Latest reports from the northern front indicated that elements of the crack ninth division had crack- ed the rebel defense line from the Albanian border to Pyrsoyani and southwestward to Kerasovon. This line extends some 11 miles north- east of Konitsa. Heavy fighting-was reported to- day in the approaches to the heights of Klcptls, regarded as the key to Atomic Control Clash Goes to U.N. Assembly take big battle in the United Nations assembly be- tween Russia and the western powers over atomic energy control is certain this fall. That was assured late yesterday when Andrei A. Gromyko, Soviet deputy foreign minister, overrode a majority of the security council with Russia's 26th veto. His act killed the approval by nine council members of an atomic control scheme based on the orig- inal plan, offered June 14, 194.6, by Bernard M. Baruch, United States delegate. then the The Soviet Walcott victory decision, 3 Louis by decision. 4. A knockout by Walcott Is only an outs'.de chance. Greeks deployed their forces In an all out attempt to crush the com- munist rebellion led by Markos Vafiades. Ukraine also voted against majority. The majority followed previously laid plans and followed up the veto, which had been expected with a resolution calling for the of records of the two-year atomic deadlock to the assembly. Gromyko opposed this resolution also but did not insist on what he said was his right U) veto it. He stood aside with Dmitri Z, Manuil- sky, Soviet Ukrainian foreign min- ister, and the records were sent to the assembly by a 9 to 0 vote. Faris El Khouri of Syria, council chairman for tills month, ruled that United Nations atomic energy Here's Typical Convention Day for Minnesota Delegate Philadelphia So you think It would be fun to be a delegate to a national party convention? Before you get too far out on a limb let's consider how one Minne- sota delegate to the G.O.P. conven- Jeanne Fischer of St. a typical convention day. Up at a. m., she picked up two guests and escorted them to a breakfast given by Minnesota wom- en delegates for other women dele- gates. The breakfast ran until 10 m, Then she dashed out to Conven- tion hall to attend the morning one of her assigned delegates and spent three quarters of an hour with him at the Stassen head- quarters. The next hour and a half were devoted to planning and is- suing invitations for a Minnesota party for Young Republicans. commission still had the atomic problem under consideration. The commission voted this spring to suspend talks until the assembly found there was some base lor agreement between. Russia and the western nations. Russ, Satellites Hold Strategy Parley at Warsaw ed a surprise conference of her Nominating Talks On Tap for Today; Balloting Thursday By Jacfc Bel) Convention Hall, Arthur H. Vandenberg gave an okay today for his name to ;o formally before the Republican nominating convention, and leaders of spreading "stop Dew- ey" coalition Immediately sought to enlist his backers. Senator Robert A. Taft. heading the "slop Dewey" moves with Harold E. Stassen, told reporters he and ;tasscn have invited Governors Kim Siglcr of Michigan anJ Earl Warren of California to a conference. Siglcr leads the Michigan delegation booming Vandeuberg for the nomi- nation. As Tart and Stassen outlined thn situation in separate news confer- ences, their aim is this: First, to convince Dewey and tho convention that the New York gov- ernor cannot be nominated. Second, to let the convention dele- gates decide without pressure among he other presidential hopefuls. Taft and Stassen had conferred together Just before their meetings with reporters. Governor James H. Duff of Pennsylvania, sat in on the conference. Duff Is leading an anti-Dewey fac- tion in the big Pennsylvania delega- tion. That group Is to caucus tonight and Duff said, "We will have a can- didate" to oppose the efforts to line up the delegation for Dewey. Stassen told reporters there la 'great resentment" among the delc- .jates over the attempt to swing tho Pennsylvania delegates to Dewey. Senator Edward Martin withdrew yesterday as Pennsylvania's favorite son candidate and plumped for Dewey. Stassen called this the 'Dewcy-Grundy deal." The refer- ence was to Joe Gmndy, long-time Republican political power in Penn- sylvania. Open Convention Stassen also said the aim of the stop-Dewey forces is to get an "open one where the delegates would make their decisions on the convention floor. Both Stassen nnd Taft professed to believe Dewey Js stopped. Taft predicted that Dcwcy will not have as many as 400 votes on the second ballot, and he added: "I think the second will be his highest." It will take 548 votes to win the nomination. The Ohioan said he believes his total will begin to climb from the second ballot on and that he will be nominated on about the fourth or fifth ballot. He said: "I think Governor Dewey lias got to be nominated on the second bal- ,ot or not at all, and I don't believe that he will be nominated on the second." Taft said the series of conferences he has been holding with other can- didates has two purposes. The first, ic added, is to make sure that every delegation will be able to carry out ts original plan without being sub- icctcd to what he called a Dowey 'blitz." He said the second purpose is to find out whether there is any pos- sibility of the coalition agreeing on some one candidate. He said there agreement on Camo 9 p. m. and still no dinner, European satellites to War- so Mrs. Fischer slipped out for sandwich on her way lo the Con- vention hall for the evening session. Sho never did get any dinner, in- cidentally. Back at Stassen staff headquar- ters at midnight after the evening session, she talked for two hours with delegates from several states When that wound up at In the hope of winning their votes n. m., ex- for her candidate. At she gave up and went to quarters to pick up her afternoon Says Mrs. Fischer: "If your feet hold The next two hours she spent in Clark's information that the origi- some place, but never again. frantic and unsuccessful reach the three delegates she had might violate, the constitution left to talk with. At X lope it wiU Hussian and nounced yesterday n loan of p. m. she Had lunch. make changes before Congress quit to the Jackson Electric Co-Operative Finally at p. m. she located the Grundy-Dcwcy move." BALLOT NO. 16 16 11 56 39 23 19 25 13 13 16 35 41 25 today which may map a bat- tte against the western alliesj plan to sot up a west German state. Summoned to the parley were: Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Romania and Hungary. All of these nations were among the signers of the Cominform (Com- munist International Information organized in Poland last fight the Marshall There was no indication whcth- imunist leaders of France and who also signed the Comin- e arrival of ____ planes at near- by Okccie airport. There were re- ports that -Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov was heading the _____ delegation, but this could not be immediately confirmed. Police officials closed all normal Information channels and declined to sny who was attending the con- ference or what its purpose might Hundreds of Polish troops, armed with tommy guns, were at the air- port at an early hour and lined tUc streets into Warsaw. Bulletins Warsaw Russia anil six eastern European satellites were reported authoritatively tonight lo be considering creation of n. separate stale in eastern Ger- many. Chicago Two frciRht steamships collided in a. heavy tog ofT Devils island in Lake Superior today, the Coast Guard reported. Oshkosh, roan killed and five persons in- jured, several critically, when an automobile and a truck collided near here today. The dead "man was Will Kocpkc, 70, of route 1, Van Dyne. point, but that it would be discussed further at this afternoon's session. No Darkliorse Asked whether he believes the conferees would emerge from tha next session with a. darkhorse can- didate, Tatt replied: "I don't think so." Taft announced that one of those who will second his nomination will be a delegate from Dewey's own New York. He refused to disclose the name of the delegate. For the first time in the big hall here, Vandenberg banners put in an appearance. A truck drove up with a load of them soon after SiRlcr an- nounced he had the Michigan sena- tor's consent to put his name before the convention. Vandenberg stuck by his stand that he is not actively seeking the nomination. But Governor Siglcr said he had obtained the senator's consent for him to put up his name, Dewey's drive got another push, this time from Missouri. Senator James P. Kern, chairman of the Missouri delegation, issued this an- nouncement: "I have decided to support Governor Dewey-. I look forward to his nomination on an early ballot. 1 believe he will bo the next President of the United States." The big item today is the nomi- nating speeches. Balloting will prob- ably not begin until tomorrow al- though that was not dcfintcly settled. It may begin tonight. Any doubt that Dewey's name would be the first to Ro before the convention was removed when the Alabama delegation voted 8-G to yield its first place on the alpha- betical roll call to Pennsylvania so that Senator Edward Martin could nominate the New Yorker. An Associated Press survey of delegate intentions pointed up the formidable task confronting the 'stop Dewey" forces. Based in many cases on official delegation polls and in others on the best guess of responsible mem- bers, this survey indicated that if Dewey throws in his full strength (Continued on Page fi, Column 1.) CONTENTION ;