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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 21, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Continued Cool, Showers Sunday Afternoon Chiefs at Albert Lea 8 p. m. Sunday KWNO AM-FM VOL. 52, NO. 107 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 21, 1952 FOURTEEN PAGES TODAY Harriman May Get Nomination By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON W. Aver- ell Harriman have a serious chance for the Democratic nomination? It is time to ask this question, since Harriman's remarkable victory over Sen. Esti Kefauver in the Democratic primary here in Wash ington. For all his great ability, it has been hard to take Harriman, a shy and very wealthy man who has never run for political office be- fore, really seriously as a presiden- tial candidate. But a man who can beat the formidable Kefauver by four to one, even in a relatively obscure primary contest, cannot be laughed off, .Harriman has been displaying an impressive combina- tion of courage and shrewdness in his new political role. And especial- ly since the primary here, a good many hard-headed political pro- fessionals are beginning to think that he just might make it. I The Harriman strategy is clearly a sort of bold three-horse parlay, i The first assumption is that Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois will be right out of the running by conven-1 tion time. Harriman himself as-' sens that he is in the race to the end, Stevenson or no Stevenson. But his warmest supporters priv- ately agree that Harriman will Sgt. Gertrude C. York, right, bids goodbye to Lt. Shirley R. Heinze at Fort Monroe, Va., as she leaves on a re-enlistment furlough. A six-time grandmother Sgt. York hopes to visit Germany but first heads west to visit grandchildren in Lowell, Ind., and Chicago. Lt. Heinze is from Houston, Tex. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Lattimore Barred From Leaving U S By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON State Department has ordered this coun- stand very little chance indeed, if j try's customs exits barred to Owen Lattimore while it investigates an Stevenson lets it be known that he will run. Weatherman "official" tip he was arranging a visit behind the Iron Curtain. Lattimore is the Johns Hopkins University professor who has been Intimates who have recently talk-i a frequent target of accusations by Sen. Joseph McCarthy ed to Stevenson at length have i On the Senate floor, McCarthy has denounced him as an alleged Red -1 spy and "chief architect" of the j Truman administration's Far East I policy. I Lattimore's denials of such char- ges have been vigorous. A few months ago, under days-long ques- inniirnr iirrni.ii j tioning by a Senate subcommittee, ttrriVfll and again that he he does take himself right out Of' the race, he will do whatever he can to help Harriman. With Stev- enson out of the running, Harriman backers claim, Harriman will go to come away convinced that the odds are slightly in favor of his becom- ing a candidate, especially if Sen. Robert A. Taft is nominated by the Republicans. Yet Stevenson does have strong personal and other rea- sons for not wanting the nomina- the convention with a first ballot strength of over 300 votes. The second assumption on which the Harriman strategy is obviously based is that there will be a cru- cial struggle at the convention be- tween the Northern and Southern wings of the Democratic party on the civil rights issue. Harriman himself is passionately sincere in Of Summer Summer arrived officially in Wi- nona at a.m. today with one minor complications: The weather- man ignored it. The hot season had a cool recep- boot The temperature in Winona was his advocacy of all-out civil rights j 35 at the moment summer arrived legislation. But as Harriman's own j this raorning and rose on, to S9 victory m the Washington primary _, _ strikingly showed, the civil rights noon today- The high Fndfly issue ,is also a matter of enor- mous practical political import- ance. It is a burning issue among never has had any Communist connections. The Institute of Pacif- ic Relations, of which Lattimore was a trustee, was a focal point of the committee's search for pos- sible subversive influences on U.S. Far East policy, Will Be Halted The latest development involving otherwise. Lattimore was first reported by j Urges Defense Speech the Baltimore Sun yesterday morn-1 3, He flew to Denver to urge I ing. It said the State Department I Eisenhower to deliver a forthright a wet one to issued orders Lattimore should j speech on national defense and a be halted if he tried to. leave the I program for world peace but United States. Ike Joins Battle For Support of Texas Delegates Hoffman Reports Trouble Raising Funds for General By EDWARD O. ETHELL DENVER (ft Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, apparently ready for some political slug- ging, pointed for Texas today and the middle of his first bitter po- litical fight. All indications before his depar- ture from Denver were that his flying week-end dash to Texas and Nevada was the first departure Ei- senhower will make from the care- fully polite routine he has been 'following in his quest for the Re- publican presidential nomination. Beyond that, advisers said, there will be a forthright speech on na tional security, a stronger fight for western votes, another conference with Gov. John S. Fine seeking Fine's bloc of Pennsylvania votes and an appearance at Chicago to talk with more delegates prior to the nomination. More Funds Needed Meanwhile, Paul G. Hoffman, ad- viser to the National Citizens Com- mittee for Eisenhower, said he was having trouble raising funds' for the general's campaign. He said the effort wasn't going in the red, but he added that Wall Street is not behind the campaign. Hoffman told reporters that Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, the gener- al's chief opponent for the GOP nomination, is "more attractive to the people of great money" than the general. Hoffman said the larg- est contribution he has picked up ,n a recent money-raising- trip was He did not identify the con- tributor. Hoffman also told reporters in a news conference late yesterday: L He would not accept appoint- ment as secretary of state. He be- ieves his job is to remain as head of the Ford Foundation, 2. The Republicans, with Eisen- lower as their nominee, would at- iract three to four million young people's votes the party won't get Taft Sees Unity reign Agreement With Ike Predicted Spring Grove Here We Come! Members of the Ambassadors and Miss Adeline Wendt, 1951 Steam- boat Days Queen, were making ready to leave the city at a.m. today for the Spring Grove Centennial Celebration -when this picture was taken. A 20-car caravan of Winona businessmen and their wives formed on Mankato Avenue where cars received door panel banners proclaiming "A Big Hello from Winona." Left to right are Frank J. Wilder, chairman of the Merchants Bureau; Harold J. Doerer, fixing placard to the car door; Miss Wendt, and Philip A. Baumann, president of the Winona Association of Commerce. Carlus Walter is chairman of good will tours for the Ambassadors; Cecil Gordon is envoy in charge and Edward L. Hostettler is Ambassador Su- preme. (Republican-Herald photo) was an un-summery 61. More- jver, a pesky drizzle brought .29 of an inch of rainfall to the city the minorities in the big from noon Friday to noon today. and the Democratic leaders in the i The official weather forecast for Ne cisco Northern industrial areas must have this minority vote in order to A Northern bloc, led by Sena- tors Hubert Humphrey of Minne- sota, and Herbert Lehman, of New York, has already been organized, to write the strongest possible civil rights plank into the Democratic platform, come what may. This bloc probably has the votes to tri- umph over other leaders who favor compromise with the South. Such a triumph, it is reasoned, will be a victory for Harriman, and a bad setback for the front- running Kefauver, whose stand on Civil rights has been equivocal. For example, Sen. Humphrey, (who will control a crucial 40 or so un- committed votes from his area) could not comfortably lead a bitter fight on civil rights, and then sup- port the lukewarm Kefauver af- ter winning his fight. Other North- ern leaders, with the crucial minority vote in mind, will come over to Harriman. The third part of the Harriman three-horse parlay assumes the support of President Truman when the chips are down. As Truman is reported to have remarked to one White House visitor, in obvious ref- erence to Kefauver, "A lot of peo- j pie forget that a President of the! United States, even when he's not j a candidate himself, has a lot to i say about wBo gets nominated." In the Harriman camp, Truman is credited with controlling upwards of 200 votes at the convention, and i Ys influencing many more. If Stev- enson is out of the running, it is reasoned, these votes should go to Harriman, the only candidate who has gone down the line for the whole Truman program. Obviously all three assumptions on which the Harriman strategy is based are risky in the extreme. There will be plenty of Democratic leaders, North and South, who will want at all costs to avoid a party split on the civil rights is- sue. Harriman's all-out stand on the whole Fair Deal program, in- cluding civil rights, involves the danger of his becoming an essen- tially sectional candidate, like Sen, Richard Russell, with strong sec- tional support, but without the sup- port necessary for a clear major- calls for an unrelenting continua- tion of the cool spell tonight and Sunday with a chance of showers late Sunday afternoon or night. The low tonight will be 55 again and the high Sunday 65. It's not expected to go above 65 this aft- ernoon. It was 38 above early today in Rumford, Me., and in Northern Midwest areas temperatures were in the 40s. At the same time it All day just before office quitting time the State Department maintained a no-com- ment attitude. Then it acknow- ledged that such an order had gone out. The department's statement said in part: "An allegation was made recent- ly to the department that Mr.Owen Lattimore was making arrange- ments for a possible visit to the USSR and-or its satellites. The department immediately began an investigation of this allegation. "Pending the results of this in- vestigation, the Customs Bureau was notified that Mr. Lattimore (who was not in possession of a passport duly validated for such travel) should not be permitted to the U.S." Yor an 51 ina 1 of Every 10 Unfit for Draft WASHINGTON Just abou one out of every ten men classifie in the draft is turning up as unfi for military duty. Selective Service reported yes terday that of youths ex amined from 1948 up to last Apri 30, a total of had been classified as 4-F. That's 11.6 pe cent. Both the healthiest and unhealth iest showings were made outsidi the Continental United States. The Canal Zone had the bes1 4-F out of 477 regis ity. The For example, there are plenty felt a of other "unite the party" drive for the well-liked Vice President Alben Barkley, or a sudden switch of the Kefauver supporters to Sen. Paul Douglas, which is not to be ruled out. Yet any three-horse parlay is a risky out of for a 32.8 percentage Among the states, South Dakota made the best of its registrants classified 4-F, a 6.5 percentage. The highest rate of rejections for military duty in the states was hi South out of for 21.4 per cent. n Boys Jar Town With Tank Blast VALLEY STREAM, N.Y. (Si Two small boys...a couple of mid- get empty gaso- line boom! whole Valley Stream area jar yesterday. The one-ton, tank was lifted into the girders of the trestle under which it was stored and twisted around a steel beam. The two boys were burned. The boys Carl Heutber, 11, and Robert Muhr, 11 wanted to business, and Harriman's bold ven- see how much noise a firecracker ture should at least be well worth would make when exploded in the watching. I tank. mott declined to say whether the State Department had been told Lattimore was not asked whether he planned a trip behind the Iron Curtain. Such journeys are banned by the department unkss specific- ally authorized. Not Being Watched Asked if Lattimore is being watched, McDermott replied: "Not to my knowledge.' As to where the tip originated, he said it came from an official source, adding: "The department doesn't take action on fantasies or inanities." Pressed by newsmen, McDer- mott said the source was not con- gress. Last night, after the State De- partment announcement, Latti- more said he has no plans for go- ng anywhere out of the country. Any such talk is he said, and he wondered how it got started. A Johns Hopkins spokesman earlier said Lattimore told univer- sity officials several weeks ago he might be asked by the University if New Delhi in India to teach here for an academic year. The pokesman said the university .greed to grant him leave if the iffer materialized. On Capitol Hill, Sen. McCarthy old the Senate the department's action was of the type taken only n "a very, very serious case." 'oseph J. Flynn, assistant survey- r of customs, said the serviced asked to bar the departure of U.S. itizens about six times a year. feel Strike Forces 'vlash to Shut Down DETROIT motors auto lants at Milwaukee and Kenosha, Vis., will be closed Monday be- ause of the steel strike, H. A. evlieg, vice president in charge manufacturing for Nash-Kel- inator Corp. announced yesterday. The layoff will affect about reduction employes at each Wis- onsin plant. "found he's already decided he j must speak out on the subject." Hoffman believes it will come in a 15-minute television and radio speech Monday night. 4. He wants the general to move his headquarters from Denver to Chicago by the time the GOP con- vention opens July 7. Eisenhower's takeoff time from i Denver was a.m., EST. He j was due to land at Pen-in Air j Force Base after a hour flight and motor to nearby Denison, Tex, i After an appearance there, his j schedule called for a stop at Den- I ton before going to Dallas for con- ferences and a speech to be broad- I cast and telecast. I t Aides said he will "take off his I gloves" to wade into the middle of the Texas fight over two delega- tions, one backing him and the other Taft. Various Eisenhower campaign leaders have termed the situation an attempted "steal" by Taft backers. To Visit Hoover Dam The general's party leaves Dal- las Sunday at p.m., EST, by plane for Las Vegas, Nev.; Hoover Dam, and another talk. It will re- turn to Denver Sunday night. The Hoover Dam visit took on added significance after a confer- ence yesterday with a delegation from Washington State. Eisenhow- er has been at a loss on many spe- cific questions tossed at him this week on reclamation and western agriculture. Visitors said he an- swered only in broad, general terms. Ike Conservatism Disappoints Stassen By LEE UNDER PHILADELPHIA Harold E. Stassen, who still hopes to be the Republican presidential nominee, says he is "disappointed" in Gen. New Attempts To Settle Steel Strike Made Dwight D. Eisenhower's "conserv- ative views" and believes Sen. Robert A. Taft's only chance is to win nomination on the first ballot. This doesn't mean that Stassen predicts victory for Taft in the Re- Pennsylvania Delegation Badly Split PITTSBURGH John S. Fine of Pennsylvania, who may be one of the key figures at the Re- Senator Doubts Differences Great On Other Problems WASHINGTON Sen. Robert A. Taft predicted today he and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower will agree at Chicago on a foreign policy plank and remove what Taft called the "dangerous element" of a party split. Taft, battling Eisenhower for the Republican presidential nomina- tion, told a news conference he sees no great difference in principle between him and the general on. either foreign or domestic issues. The Ohio senator, predicting his own nomination on an early ballot in the GOP convention opening July 7, also charged Eisenhower forces had used state patronage in efforts to "pressure" Taft dele- gates in New York and New Jersey to vote for the general. Taft told reporters he believes that a party split over foreign policy can be avoided by efforts of John Foster Dulles, former State Department adviser, to draft a plank in that field. Dulles has been named special adviser to the GOP platform committee. "I believe Mr, Dulles is in a position to draft a plan that will be acceptable and eliminate the only dangerous element of a split in the Taft said. Although Eisenhower has been quoted as calling Taft an "isola- tionist." The Ohio senator said sees only a difference in methods, not in viewpoint, between them. Taft renewed his offer to settle the dispute over Texas' 38 dele- gates, where Eisenhower backers raised the cry of on a compromise basis. He denied that he had made ten- 1 _ -_ yL ujt- ut. Ule AG- w wiai, iic jjcu LCU- publican presidential contest at the j publican National Convention next I talive offers of the vice presiden- Chicago convention. Far from it. month, says he's never seen such tial nomination or of any cabinet NEW YORK attempts to settle the steel strike by direct negotiations between top industry and union officials were made here secretly yesterday, it was reliably learned, but the effort was unsuc- cessful. Such negotiations under White House auspices were broken off in Washington in a June 9, Reportedly here for yesterday's j talks were Philip Murray, presi- j Hc says he's certain that no candi- date will win on the first ballot, stale's though supporters of Taft and Ei-1 Chicago, senhower have claimed their man will do it. bitterness as that among this post to any person in anticipation state's 70-member delegation to of his own nomination. Not Counted Out In an interview with The Asso- ciated Press yesterday, the 45- year-old former Minnesota gover- nor said Taft and Eisenhower "both are overclaiming their dele- gate strength." He added: 'Don't count me out. I have a better chance today than I did in 1948." Does that mean that Stassen feels he could be the compromise choice? "Yes and he replied. "But deadlock (Earl) Warren of California i and Gen. (Douglas) MacArthur cannot be overlooked. "MacArthur, particularly, is a dent of the CIO United Steelwork-1-very potent figure, and he must be ers; Arthur J. Goldberg, the! considered. However, I can't ex- union's general counsel; Benjamin i Press my F. Fairless, president ol the United [because I sentiments about him don't know how he NewSpy Counts Against Briton LONDON ijfi _ Britain today brought four more charges of violating the nation's official se- crets act against William Martin Marshall, a 24-year-old Foreign Of- fice radio operator accused of spy- ing for Russia. Government Prosecutor J. S. Bass told a Magistrate's Court that three of the new charges accused Marshall of slipping the Soviets Pa., so Gen. Eisenhower could j information on three days in April, meet Pennsylvania's delegates. A I May and June. The fourth charge, similar get-together is planned for j Bass said, accused Marshall' of Backers of both Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) are bidding for Fine's support. So far. Fine says he's uncommitted to to any other candidate. The governor told a news con- ference yesterday there's little hope of achieving harmony within his delegation. 20 for Ike The latest Associated Press poll shows 20 of Pennsylvania's dele- gates committed to Eisenhower. 18 to Taft and 32 uncommitted. Fine said he may not make liis presidential choice before the con- vention opens. A week ago yesterday he helped arrange a picnic at Gettysburg, the delegates with Sen. Taft, In recent weeks the governor also has States Steel Corp.; C. L. Austin, I domestically. We'll find that) talked politics wjth Gen. Dougias president of the Jones Laughlin I ms Keynote address (to the j MacArthur, a Taft supporter and 'Obtaining information. i The prosecutor asked that Mar- shall be held without bail until Steel Corp.; Charles White, presi- dent of the Republic Steel Com- pany, and others. National Award for General Excellence Comes to Paper The Republican-Herald will receive another national award, this for "general ex- tonight in Buffalo, N. Y. The award third place in the major division of the 1951 National Editorial Association Better Newspaper contest- will be presented at the 67th annual convention of the as- sociation, an organization of American newspapers. Bases for judging the gen- eral excellence division were mechanical excellence, gener- al and news cov- erage, literary excellence, pro- motion of community interests, editorial page and advertising enterprise. Chairman of the judging committee was Merritt E. Ben- son, professor in the School of Journalism, University of Washington in Seattle. Referr- ing to The Republican-Herald, Prof. Benson said, "General and departmental coverage of news coupled with a fine mech- anical production job proved a strong factor in the selection of The Republican-Herald as a winner. Much enterprise is evi- denced in the advertising col- umns and the editorial page is pleasing in appearance and in- teresting in content." Two California newspapers won first and second general excellence awards: The San Jose News and The Monterey Peninsula Herald, respectively. Two other Minnesota news- papers also receive NEA hon- ors. The Austin Daily Herald won first place in the "Best Advertising" classification, and the Rochester Post-Bulletin won a third-place typography award. Last year The Republican- Herald received four NEA honors at Seattle. In' Buffalo tonight to ac- cept the award on behalf of the newspaper is David Mof- fitt, promotion manager. Fea- tured speaker at tonight's con- vention banquet at the Statler Hotel in Buffalo will be John Foster Dulles, U. S. foreign policy expert, on the subject "What Is Wrong With Our For- eign Republican Lack of Funds Stassen said he deliberately halt- ed his political activity the past month so that all attention might be focused on Eisenhower on his return from Europe. He added that "lack of funds also forced me to curtail many activities." Only one Stassen headquarters, in Philadel- phia, remains open. Before Eisenhower left Europe Stassen said that although he was staying in the presidential race until the end, he favored Eisen- hower over Taft. He even suggest- ed publicly to Taft that the two of them get together and support "Ike" for the GOP nomination. Taft rejected the idea. "I doubt if I would have ever made the Stassen said, "if I had known that Eisenhower would speak out so conservatively on so many vital domestic issues. "I wish very much that both Ei- senhower and Taft were a bit more liberal in their viewpoints. "My effort will be to unite the party on a more liberal program and to lead it to its first, victory in 20 years next November." 29 Million Visit National Forests WASHINGTON IB Twenty-nine million persons visited National Forests last year for hunting, fish- ing, hiking and winter sports, the Agriculture Department says. The number was an all-time high. the convention keynoter. Saying he has never known such bitterness "as exists between the Eisenhower and Taft Fine' asserted: Hopes for Harmony "I'm sure that even if a majority of (Pennsylvania) delegates were j charged with passing information to vote for Sen. Taft on the first j usefuj to an cnemy to pavej RUZ- or second ballot it would not lead netsov, second secretary of the Soviet Embassy. next Thursday. He said the govern- ment wanted more time to prepare its case. Magistrate Clyde T. Wil- son agreed. Marshall was arrested June 13 after meeting another man in King George's Park in suburban Wands- worth. The following day he was said, Sen. Jim Duff (James H. Duff, R-Pa) and the Eisenhower folow- -Wlien arrestet] Marshall least a fair share of them .-j fany charge the Taft camp. Hc was given his first hearjDg "And I am just as much con- jlast Saturday and appeared for the viaced that if a majority were to second d tod At ith h would not follow suit." Asked what he thought of GOP harmony after the convention has made its choice, Fine declared: i "We can only hope we can com- pose our differences after July and get together for the general elec-1 tion next November." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona.and and continued cool tonight and Sunday with a chance of showers late Sunday afternoon or night. Low tonight 55, high Sunday 65, LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 61; minimum, 55; noon, 59; precipitation, .29; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional we.ather on Page 12. Amphibious Team WASHINGTON Wi-The Marines, whose battle specialty is spear- heading landing operations, are or- ganizing their first permanent am- phibious training team in Japan. The Marine Corps sent a troop training "unit to Japan in 1946 to help the Army in its amphibious training. Another team went over" in 1950. The Army troops with whom they worked eventually par-' ticipated in landings in Korea, in- cluding the big amphibious opera- tion at Inchon. The Marine Corps, in announc- ing the new organization yester- day, did not say where it would be located but it was understood to be near Yokosuka. Brig. Gen. Wil- liam W. Davies will command the unit. ;