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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 21, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT, WEDNESDAY NEW ULM HAS A SWIMMING POOL VOLUME 49, NO. 106 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JUNE 21, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY End Service Rows. Johnson Warns Republican-Herald photo Mayor Cy Smith today received his Winona Centennial-Steamboat Days button from three of Wi- nona's queens. From left to right they are Miss Rosalie Miss Patricia Weishorn, Mayor Smith and Miss Muriel Morris., The Steamboat Days buttons are on sale throughout the city and may be ob- tained from Boy Scouts, Junior Chamber of Commerce and Winona Activity Group members as well as many stores and business places. The button will serve as an admission ticket to several of the Steam- boat Days avents, which are to be held in Winona July 14-17. Babich Starts Life Sentence At Waupun After Conviction The Alsops Bill of Rights Gets Pushed Around a Bit By Joseph AIsop Washington It is getting to be very unprogressive to believe that the bill of rights .means what it says. All the same, there are still some old-fashioned Americans who obstinately cling to this unenlight- ened belief. And these few reaction- aries may be interested they may even be aroused by the case of Milton Babich was whisked off to Waupun prison last night just 45 minutes after a jury labeled him the murderer of his wife's kid sister...... His bride, Kathleen, who is expecting a baby in mid-July, screamed out, "Lies, police are telling as the jury announced its verdict: Guilty of murder in the first degree. Babich did not change expression at the verdict. He glanced over his shoulder at Kathleen. He rose, stood before the bench and declar- ed, "I am not guilty of first degree murder." Municipal Judge Herbert J. Steffes then sentenced him to the Wisconsin state prison at Waupun "at hard labor for the rest of your natural life." But under Wisconsin law, he will be eligible for parole after 20 years. His sentence was pronounced just! Dr. Oppenheimer. Frank E. Oppenheimer and his wife. Jaquenette, are the incidental casualties of the most recent of the House un-American activities com- mittee's clamorous headline hunts. Coplon Tells Of Her Plans To Write Book Washington Judith Coplon three months to the day after the weighted body of Patricia Birming- ham, 16, was fished from the Mil- waukee river by firemen search- ing for a suicide victim. Kathleen broke into hysterical screams and was comforted by the defendant's older brother, Victor. Both glared at Detective Lawrence Last week the committee who was instrumental in that the Oppenheimers had briefly j obtaining a statement from the belonged to the Communist party, when they were both young and) Kathleen's mother, Mrs. Albert foolish, in the time before the war. It did not matter that both Op- j nial of espionage activity today and was turned over to the government for cross examination. After she had testified for about 12 hours under the guidance of De- fense Lawyer Archibald Palmer, Palmer suddenly turned to prose- cutor John M. Kelley, and said "your witness, Mr. Kelley." Miss Coplon's story added up to this: T. Birmingham, tried to comfort, her daughter, but was rebuffed. Byrnes Warning Raises Bars on New Social Aid Humphrey Plans To Intensify Work For Program Republi- cans and sober Democrats agreed today that former Secretary of State Byrnes' warning against a "welfare state" has put a fresh drag on social legislation in Con- gress. .G.O.P. lawmakers were openly joyous at the plea for a cut in gov- ernment spending and social pro- grams sounded by the ex-senator from South Carolina. With a couple of exceptions, Dem- ocrats had little to say publicly. But off the record they left no doubt Byrnes had made tougher their job of pushing some of Presi- dent Truman's legislation through Congress. They also said that stiffened re- sistance from opponents of the pro- gram may make the present ses- sion of Congress last longer. Some had hoped to adjourn by the end of July. Byrnes, who played a key role in the New Deal as an administra- tion leader on Capitol Hill, spoke at Lexington, Ky., last Saturday at the bicentennial celebration of- Washington and Lee university. He said that if some of the wel- fare legislation now before Con- gress should be adopted, "there is danger that the whether farmer, manufacturer, lawyer or soon be an economic galley slave pulling an oar in the galley of the state." the Senate and House Republican, jubilation Army Jets Buzz Winona Air Force jets F-80 "Shooting Stars" from Selfridge Air Force base, Mt. Clemens, out of the Winona municipal airport dedication celebration Sunday by bad weather, gave Winona a show today. At p. m., the jets flew low over the making one pass from the east to the west, and a second pass from the west to the cast The al- though two days late, was a sa- lute to this city and its new air- port. The jets were sent from Self- ridge base to Wold-Chamberlain field at Minneapolis last Friday to be ready to participate in the Sunday show here. The pilots were in Winona Saturday night for the dedication banquet. Then, when they were about to fly to Winona Sunday, bad weather between here and Min- neapolis kept them grounded. They remained grounded all day by weather at noon today paid Winona a, but impressive. Most everyone in the city raced out- side when they heard the thun- derous roar of the world's fastest airplanes. They missed them, because of their terrific speed of 600 miles an hour, on the first saw them on their sec- ond fly-over. After completing- the second fly-over and while near the east limits of the city, the jets began their a rate of hundreds of miles an hour. Pilots of the formation were Captain Duff Dufresnc of St. Paul, Lieutenant Joe McCaddon, Minneapolis; Lieutenant Pat O'- Connel, St. Minneso- tans sent here especially for the Winona Lieu- tcnat Bob Lemke, Wabeno, Wis. They represent one of the crack stunt teams from Self- ridge Air Force base. Captain Dufresne is one of the finest aerial shots in the country and hag held tbe individual record. He is a survivor of two flame- outs in the F-8-F's, one in Min- neapolis while landing and one over a desert area at night. "The jet pilots didn't forget LeKoy Backus, general chairman of the airport dedica- tion celebration said this after- noon after the Dufresne team had flown over. "We really ap- preciated their call today." Parking Issue Controversial Despite Plurality for Meters A plurality of the downtown mer- chants participating in the Associ- ation of Commerce parking meter survey favor an installation of meters, but the A. of C. still con- siders the meters "a controversial viding meters are approved. A large majority of those In both yesterday issue. That's what the A. of C. told the city council in a letter Monday eve- ning, which was a report on the survey requested by the council. Forty-seven would support meters, 32 do not, the survey showed. Secretary-Manager A, J. Anderson cent, of the 170 firms and Individ- senator Bridges (R-N.H.) referred to Byrnes as "that great states- man." .He-added that Byrnes now Is 'taking the blinders off the Ameri- can people and I hope the Congress will be impressed." Representative Curtis (R-Neb.) told the House Byrnes is to be con- gratulated. It doesn't take a genius, added, to see that the govern- ment is too large. Senator Humphrey one of the few Democrats whoj would comment openly, told a re-1 porter that Byrnes' speech obvi-i ously will "fortify those who op-l pose" the President's social wel-l fare program. But at the same time, he added, "for those of us who are support- queried had responded, and noted: survey -indicates that the use of parking meters, even over a limited area, is a controversial issue. Forty-three firms believe that we have a parking problem in our city, whereas 31 are of the opinion that we do not." "Most of the firms which were opposed to parking meters did not designate a preference for a limit- ed area that should be covered pro- who did reply to the question concerning the area for meters favored instal- lation on Third street from John- son to Market and on Main and Center streets from Fourth to Sec- ond." The council filed the letter and accompanying replies, thanked the A. of C. for its co-operation and reported that 81 replies, or 48 per hoped that the A. of C. would for- ward any additional Second Ward Alderman Henry V. Parks, chairman of the parking committee, said-.ttiat FIB ommend withholding any further action on parking meters until City Attorney S. D. J. Bruski checks the legality of the parking meter vote recorded last April. The question is whether the vote was a man- datory referendum or a sentiment vote. Mr. Bruski has suggested that if it is a mandatory, referendum, then parking meters were defeated, although there were more "yes" than "no" votes. In a referendum those who do not vote are counted as having voted against the ques- tion. The A, of C. also reported on the basis of its survey that two-hour meters were defeated 29-20; that receipts from meters should be used to develop off-street parking areas in the opinion of 40, while six op- pose, that 43 favor and 17 oppose Fears Nation's Defenses Hurt By Wrangling Cautions Against Too Much Trust In Atomic Bomb of De- jfense Johnson acknowledged today that "severely contested" Army- Navy-Air 'Force disagreements have hampered the work of the national defense establishment. He said, however, that they were sincere disagreements and added that despite them "there exists to- day a readiness and defense po- tential superior to that of any pre- vious period in our nation's peace- time history." Johnson's address, prepared for the graduation of officers attending the National War college, was heard by President Truman and other high officials. It was the de- fense chief's first major policy speech since he took over the job in March. He spoke harsh words about Russia, describing that na- tion as "conspiratorial" and "des- It is because of Russia that the United States must maintain a strong military machine, he said, adding that this nation should not i place too much trust on mere pos- session of the atomic bomb. "Within a few short he said, "we may witness the end of this era of atomic era whose end will be signalled by the explosion of some other nation's bomb. "Prom that day on, our advan- tage in strategic bombing will rest development of a portion of Levee park as a parking area. not in monopoly possession of the atom bomb but in our superior ,_ stockpile, our production capacity Some merchants' comments about and m effectiveness and quan- meters: tity of aircraft required to deliver For !those bombs." "By all means Winona needs the] But, Johnson added, while "air meters. Take a look at our has given .a promise cf bor towns: They get along with them. All we need is to have them to like them." completed her long, repeated de- the. Proera.m it will serve as a warning to Intensify our. efforts." He said it will help bring into "sharper focus" the whole conflict over the President's requests for social legislation. These include public housing, federal aid to edu- cation, expanded social security and a higher minimum wage. So far none of these proposals las passed Congress, although jousing and education bills have been approved by the Senate. Senator Pepper (D-Fla.) spoke at .ength in the Senate in defense of penheimers had learned better, andjshe told reporters she was pushed had left the party eight years by Victor, not Kathleen. It did not matter that Oppenheimerl Babich was not permitted to see! She never passed any govern-j these and similar proposals, which ment secrets to Valentine A. Gubit-ihe said were written into the Dem- chev, a Russian engineer campaign platform. I whom she was arrested and he He said he not surprised was emphatically not a party mem- his wife after the verdict was an-i ber when 'he was one of the physi- cists working in the Manhattan dis- trict project. It did not matter that Oppenheimer's temporary aberration had no slightest connection with his brother, the great physicist. Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer. What mat- tered was just one thing. Frank Oppenheimer's position caused the committee's revelation to make the most wonderfully satisfying head lines. NO HEADLINES were made, o course, by what followed. Yet it de- serves to be recorded also that Op- penheimer has now lost his post as a professor of physics at the Uni- versity of Minnesota: that his chances of continuing a fruitful teaching career have been sharply reduced, and that all his once- bright prospects are now darkly overcast. In short, this individual this citizen, has been sacrificed to the congressional headline hunger ns cheerfully as though he were rabbit. To be sure, the new casualty is just the sort of fellow that con- gressmen like least. This dark, youngish man, with his nervous. In- tense manner, obviously suffers from idealism almost in the way that so many of the congressmen's favor- ite lobbyists suffer from gas on the stomach. He is an intellectual, a brilliant scientist, a bit of a Bohe- i never asked her to do so. Peace in German" Pledged by BiS 4 By Joseph Dynan Big Four foreign ministers ended four weeks debate last night with, a pledge for east-west peace in Germany and general agreement of an Austrian' independence treaty. As the conference closed, the following results were announced: (Continued on Page 7, Column ALSOP 2.) Justice Goes 60-40 Singapore A board of the inquiry at the Singapore marine court has ruled that both the ships Richmond Hill (British) and the William Tilghman (American) were to be blamed for their collision about 20 miles from Singapore on April 9. The court distributed the blame 60- 40 with the Richmond Hill getting the heavier share. Papers found in her purse were nounced at p. m. He left but in connection with she ice examination she planned to take sat in his father's car he showed frighten her so she had no intention of disclosing any that Kathleen was Today she said she destroyed (Continued on Page 9, BABICH manuscript for the book rather than have it fall- into the hands of the at Byrnes' speech because "I un derstand that during the last cam paign he declined an invitation to address himself to the country for his president, his party and his party's platform." Kandiyohi Holding Centennial Pageant Willmar, More than 400 residents will take .part in a Centennial pageant of Kandiyohi county, "Sweet Land of to be presented tonight and Wed- nesday night at the fair grounds here. Rev. Clarence Johnson, a Lutheran pastor, wrote the script, and production was by Mrs. Mar- A six-point? statement of principles to guide negotiations in Ger- many. This featured a Russian promise not to reimpose a blockade of Berlin, in return for efforts to re- vive east-west trade in the former Reich. A joint communique announcing a series of agreements on the out- standing issues in the Austrian treaty and instructing the deputies to wrap up the document by Sep- tember 1. Agreement among the four minis- ters to maintain contact and hold another meeting In New York next fall during the United National gen- Schroeder Asks More State Weather Service St. L. Schroeder state aeronautics commissioner, said today Minnesota's weather re- porting service has not kept pace with its development of airports and the steadily increasing of air tourist traffic. eral assembly. An American has by no ground or naval forces In a position. The decision on which serv- ice to emphasize at any given time, he said, rests with tbe joint chiefs of staff, whom "I shall not knowingly repudiate unless convinced .their views are in conflict with other con- siderations bey-d their prov- ince." On the subject of inter-service rivalry, Johnson declared: "To those who contend that each "Modern in method and in ac- cord with installations in any other progressive 'In my opinion parking meters are the thing needed to clear up our downtown problem." Against T personally believe parking meters would drive business away from out city." "If the local businessmen will park their cars in residential two or three blocks from store or office, Second, Third and Fourth streets might have vacants." "Parking meters do not solve the parking problem. In fact, meters enable anyone to hold space for all day for 45 cents. We all need the fairs by any single service is an deputy, ausiness. Why charge the public ,o transact, business. Let Winona e different." Meanwhile, a three-man commit- tee, which called itself the Second Street Committee is mailing cards, some of which have been received by aldermen. The card reads: "Mr. Business Man, 'Confidential' Our city now has the best auto- mobile parking supervision in the northwest. 'KEEP IT.' Parking meters are no better, taut worse They drive away customers, farm- ers, and country people, Clog up inlet and outlet. Se-wise, Be-brave and unfraid of any propaganda. DE- gamuellFEAT PARKING METERS, Keep service must be the of its own needs, I sole arbiter would reply that this nation can no longer tol- erate the autonomous conduct of any service. "The unaudited conduct of its af- Reber, told newsmen he was confi-'our city free. Do not chase busi- dent the four powers would agree on outside city or to Goodview an Austrian text in time for taxes have. Save session, when it and Wi- and nf ATTS. noerties. 4.0 jouse Lnem, wi your forces out of He reported that 12 persons lost their, lives in aircraft accidents in Minnesota in the eight-day period from June 12-19. The commissioner said that one of the accidents, resulting In two fatalities, was due to unauthorized low flying. The other three mis- jorie Fulton of the Willmar High haps involved nonresidents who school faculty. Fliers Escape Wet From Lake Crash Park Kapids, E, Martin, owner and pilot of the ship, and Leo Thome, both of Minneapo- lis, escaped with a wetting when their plane was caught in a sudden storm and tipped over in little Mantrap lake, ten miles north of here. The two reported they were able to wade to shore. They ship was only slightly damaged. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Fair to- night and Wednesday, 'cooler to- Milton Babich, 19, above, sits disconsolately in court chamber last night at Milwaukee after hearing jury convict him of slaying Patricia Birmingham, 16-year-old sister of his wife, just before he was returned to courtroom to be sentenced to life imprison- ment. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) night, low 64; warmer Wednesday, jhigh 86. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 96; minimum, 68; noon, 80; precipitation, .54; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 10. Soviet Claim Met The way toward Austrian agree- ment was cleared after the West met the Soviet claim on Austria for German assets and Rus- sia dropped her support of Yugoslav claims oh Austria. On Germany the four nations were less definite. They acknowledged they had failed to reunify the coun- try politically and economically, but promised to try and do better in the future. They pledged themselves not only to encourage inter-zonal trade and commerce in Germany but also to facilitate the movement of "persons, and information. also agreed, according to Foreign Minister Robert your deep regret. Call on neighbors to do likewise. They French were flying to or from the airports in Minnesota's vacation area. "In each of these three Schroeder said, "the Immediate cause of the accidents and fatali- ties was flight under weather con- ditions which were extremely haz- ardous." Schroeder said that more observ- ing stations are needed to gather and report weather information and more broadcasting stations are nec- essary to disseminate the informa- tion. The commissioner believes that the airplane accidents at Truman Acheson and British Foreign Secre- and Ferham might have been tary Ernest Bevin prepared to leave avoided if the pilots bad been aware of the safe, useable airports within a few miles of the places where the accidents occurred. A possible solution advanced by Schroeder was that the "H" type radio beacons be installed at key points through out Minneso t a toough the department of aeronau- acs. He suggested such places as International Falls, Bemidji, De- troit Lakes, Mankato and Fairmont. Schuman, to respect each other's po- litical set-ups, even though they do not agree with them. Hectic Ending Tlie conference had a hectic end- ing when Russia sought unsuccess- fully to make a last-minute change in the Big Four's communique. As U. S. Secretary of State Dean for their home capitals, word came that Russia's Andrei Vishinsky wanted the communique held up and a new meeting called. It seemed Vishinsky had been rep- rimanded by Moscow for one point on the Austrian treaty regarding oil profits. After a hurried session at the French foreign office, it was decid- ed to take up the point through dip- dmatic channels and the ministers left. READS Aner, motion picture comedian, caUhes up with his reading in his hotel room at Rome, Italy, where he is pre- pzrinc to appear in a new film. open invitation to spendthrift de- fense. And the waste of our re- sources In spendthrift defense is an invitation to disaster. "The problem of resolving con- flicts within the armed forces is not a simple task of knocking heads he added. "These differences exist not so much in the acrimonious criticism of one service by another as they (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) JOHNSON Mrs. Mesta Named Luxembourg Envoy Perle Mes- ta, Newport, R. L, and Washington D.C. society leader and Democratic party fund raiser, was nominated by President Truman today to be minister to Luxembourg. The nomination had been forecast for several weeks since the Presi- dent told reporters he bad several women under consideration for dip- lomatic posts. The Luxembourg as- signment up to now has been borne by the U. S. ambassador at Brus- sels, Belgium. Mrs. Mesta has been a close friend of the Truman family for some time. She originally came from Oklahoma where her family was interested in oil. For several years she has been one of the lead- ers of Washington society. However I her nomination listed her residence Jas Rhode Island. She is the third woman to be nominated for a diplomatic post. Mrs. Daisy Harriman formerly was minister to Norway and Mrs. Ruth Bryan Owen Rohde, daughter of the late William Jennings Bryan, minister to Denmark. President Truman recently nam- ed Mrs. Georgia Neese Clark of Kansas to be treasurer of the Uni- ted States. Body of Fairchild Officer Returning body of Air Force First Lieutenant Marion S. Lightfoot of Fairchild, Wis., is among 20 returned from the Far East aboard the Army Transport General H. J. Gaffey. Lieutenant Lightfoot's next of kin is Francis M. Lightfoot, Fairchlld. ;