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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 21, 1948, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER Montly cloudy tonlghl and Tuendnr, llffht rivln tonljtht, warmer Tuesday. IS HERE Dial 97-5 for the In Radio Full Leased Wire News Report of The Pren Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 48. NO. 106 "WINQNA. MINNESOTA. MONDAY EVENING, JUNE 21. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY THE ALSOPS Pressure on G.OP to Pick Liberal By Joseph and Stewart Al.iop stage Is sc horo for tho final struggle between tho isolationists and men the Vandenborg school, between the backward-looking and modern- minded Republicans. Tho issues have been made brutally plain by tho recent behavior of tho leaders of tho House of Representatives. Tho situation Is too uncertain, more- over, to rulo out altogether an isola- tionist victory, in the form of the nomination of Senator Robert A, Taft, ot Speaker Joseph W. Martin, or oven Senator John Brlcker. The curious thing the gigantic risk these Republicans arc willing to take in order to Insure domination ot thdr party by men and ideas of tho vintage of 1920. For the isola- tionists may hopo for victory. Yet offstage, in tho wings, there lurks n figure whoso emergence could turn victory into dust and ashes In the isolationists' mouths. That figure, of course, la Dwight D, Elsenhower. THERE IS A lot of rather futile gossip horo at Philadelphia about Republicans who still desire to draft General Elsenhower as a Republi- can candidate. Such talk is foolish, because General Elsenhower will no conceivably accept a Frcsklentla nomination while any alternative ex- ists. If a movement to draft Elsen- hower got anywhere at this conven- tion, which It almost certainly wll not, General Elsenhower could be expected to tell the Republicans to name Instead Senator Arthur H Vandcnberg, for whom he enter- tains o, deep admiration, A very different situation will arise, however, If the present con- vention chooses Taft or Martin or Brlckor as Its standard bearer. If tho ensuing Democratic convention did not set aside Harry S. Truman, tho country would then hava to chooso between Truman and an Isolationist. Tho election of an Iso- lationist to lead the United States would become a clear the case of Senator Taft, perhaps even a probability. As any one can discover from his statements for the record. General Elsenhower passion- ately believes that reversion to iso- lationism will "imperil the survival, not of the United States alone but of tho whole free world. It Is truo that General Elsenhower has formally removed himself from consideration. It is even an open secret that some time ago he told certain close friends he would never nccopt tho Democratic nomination no matter how repugnant the Re- publican nominee. But this was when it Keomed reasonably likely that President Truman could de- feat an isolationist. Now the pic- ture has changed. It Is difficult to believe that a man of Eisenhower's character would stand idly by. THERE IS ALSO a good deal of moro factual evidence which should bo considered. Whon Franklin D, Roosovclt. Jr., came out for Eisen- hower, for example, the White House sent a message to the General ask- ing him to remove Himself from tho Democratic race as he had from the Republican. The argument pressed upon him Was stronvtly that nt that time, when the Italian election impended, It was vital in Europe to Klvc an Impression of American unity behind Truman. Yet Elsenhower kept silent. There urn excellent reasons for suspecting that he kept silent be- cause he thought that his granting tho President's request would cm bolclrn tho Republicans to name an isolationist. The clatiKcr ot an Isola- tionist Republican bt-liiR chosen is also tho main motive of a number of Democrats who arc now working nlsht and day to prevent their own party's convention from being sowed up In advance for Truman. Among these men, Senator Lister Hill, former Representative Joseph Casey, of Massachusetts, and tho youiiKCr RooHovelt have all been dis- tinctly effective. Truman now has less than 250 Democratic votes de- cisively committed to him. Several delegations, such as Minnesota's, have already refused nny commit ment, with the situation envisioned here specifically in mind. Even posi- tively committed delegates, like a law group In California, are known to bu ready to abstain from voting if Elsenhower's name Is placed in nomination with any assurance of his acceptance. WOULD UK KVKK Kl'ant such as- surance? Clearly, nothing on ourth will Induce him to become the Dem- ocratic nominee if Viindenberg or Dcwey or Stassen or Earl Warrrn Is chosen by the Republicans. Perhaps today hr thinks that nothing on earth will make him accept the Democratic nomination, even It Taft or Martin or J3nckcr is successful at this convention. But Elsenhower cannot today ImciKino the pressure that would then bo placed on him. The pres- sure would come, not from tho in- terested, politicians for whom he has little respect but from the American people whom ho has served all his life. Ho would be asked to stand, not as a party man, which ho would hate, but as a leader ot the people above party, which he propcdy is, It is still likely that the forward- looking Republican majority will tlefcat the backward-lookers. But if tho backward-lookers win, these correspondents would like to ven- ture tho prediction that the draft- ing or Elsenhower by the Demo- crats would become a pood 50-50 bet. Platform Fight On at Convention Union Political Spending Ban Lift Upheld Washington The supreme court upheld today a lower court which threw out an Indictment against the C.I.O. for spending union money for political purposes, But the high court emphasized that it was not passing on constitu- tionality of the Toft-Hartley law's ban on such spending. The court's judgment was unani- mous. Justice Read delivered the decision. Justices Frankfurter and Rutlcclgc wrote concurring opin- ions. Justices Black, Douglas and Murphy joined In Rutledge's opin- ion. The ruling has been awaited anxiously by union leaders with ambitious plans for taking part in this year's presidential campaign. It decided a test case created by a deliberate violation of the law by the CJ.O. antl C.I.O. President Philip Murray. Thu case applied to only one sec- tion of the act. That section pro- hibits labor organizations from con- tributing or spending union funds for or. against a candidate in f. fed- eral election. N. J. Powder Plant Blast Kills Three Kcnvll, N. J. An earth- shaking explosion in the big Her- cules powder dynamite company plant hero today killed three men, a company statement said. State police blocked off highways in the Hercules plant area. The blast was felt over a 50 mile radius. State police said it sounded like a 'clap of thunder." Yellow-reddish smoke Berlin Supply Train Pinch On Again West Reich Money Reform Basis of Rail Stoppage Berlin Supply trains for Berlin's 10.000 or so Americans are at a standstill today because of a United States Russian deadlock stemming from currency reform. The Soviet commander in Ger- many later declared the money re- form completes the division of Ger- many. TJ. S. freight trains to Berlin must pass through the Soviet occupation zone and American authorities stop- ped them last night rather than submit their cargoes to Soviet in- spection. The air remained the only supply channel. Russian officials Insisted Inspec- tion was necessary to keep smugglers from bringing currency worthless in the western zones into the Soviet zone and Berlin, where It is still good. Germany's old relchsmarks lose their worth in the U. S., British and French zones Under a currency re- form begun by the three western powers yesterday to fight inflation and the black market. They are being replaced by a new unit the Deutsche mark whose value is to be made known, probably next week. This reform was announced Fri- day night. Marshal Vasslly D. Sokol- ovsky, Soviet commander and mili- tary governor for Germany, then barred western -zone money, both new and old, from his zone high in the sky over tho Hercules area, Soot and burnt paper fluttered down near Dover, about ten miles away. The Hercules Powder Company was the scene in September, 1940, of a blast that killed 52 persons. The Hercules plant telephone operator said that no information 2ould be given by phone. Tho Morristown state police bar- racks reported the first loud blast it a. m. The first explosion "almost kicked me out of 'my said a police officer at North Arlington, many miles from Kenvil. 'greater Berlin." The Russians set up controls to Ikeep the money out, effective Frl- billowed day midnight. Last night, the first Berlin-bound U. S, military freight train to enter the Russian zone since Friday was halted at Marien- born, Soviet check point. The U. S. Army pulled the train back, Thus Russians wanted to open the cars and inspect the cargo, whereas 'previously the presentation of cargo lists was said an American transport official. "We said. 'No.' This issue has been re- ported to the highest levels for a ieclsion." Aid Bill'As Price Supports Pass; T-E-W Dies Supports Renewal Ford Offers UAW Seen Chilling 11-Cent Boost Detroit The Ford Motor Company today offered a 11 to 14- cent an hour wage increase to its CJ.O. United Auto Workers. The proposal called for a 14-cent an hour boost to employes making or more an hour. Those mak- ,ng less than would receive 11 cents an hour. Ford said this system would "erase many of tho inequities in our pres- ent wage structure." Bullet ins Chicago Tho Ray "Sujra.r" Robinson-Bernard Do- cnscn world's welter weight championship fight was post- poned today to next Monday nlRlit because of threatening weather. Washington tfTV- A post- war order for Kurt C. Lu- dccke. former member of the party, to leave the coun- try was upheld today by the .supreme court, five to four. Washington The su- preme court today refused to in- terfere with a lower court dici- slon -which upheld constitution- ality of the noncommunist nf- flcliivlt provision of the Taft- llartley labor law. Farm Issue Philadelphia. Republicans figured today they have dealt a blow although perhaps not a knockout to Democratic plans for hitting the farm issue hard in the coming presidential election cam- paign. The new farm program passed by the G.O.P.-controlled Congress in its closing hours yesterday provides for permanent government prlcel supports. But it did not touch upon a sec- ond major farm request from Presi- dent Truman. That was for a "stand-by" program to divert pos- sible future food surpluses to low- income families instead of allowing them, as the chief executive said, "to to waste while people are hun- The new program continues pres- Washington Word Weary legislators today eet about defending, or lambasting, the pre-cocventlon i record they finished writing in yes- terday's dreary windup of the 80th Congress. Looking ahead to the November elections, Republicans asserted it one of the best Congresses ever. Democrats took up President Tru- man's cry that it was one of the worst in history. In November, the entire membership of the House and one-third of the Senate come up for the voters to decide. G.O.P. leaders in the final gruell- ent price supports for most farm products another year. They would have expired December 31. The price props then will drop to lower levels, depending on supplies. Russians Snatch Prisoner From American M.P. Vienna, Russian soldiers at gunpoint snatched a prlboner today from an American military policeman on patrol in Vienna's in- ternational zone. Sergeant Merrill Allen, of Ston- tcrprcter for the American crimi- nal investigation division. Nanseck was said to have been causing a disturbance. With Allen at the time Stassen Sees Strong Third On 1st Ballot Philadelphia Harold Stas- ing two days and. nights had given Mr. Truman few. of -the things he asked for: for for- eign aid, a peacetime draft of men 19 through 25 In the final new system, of farm price supports. One major bin for which there had been last minute hope didn't make it. No general housing legis- lation was passed, although a very minor part of such a bill squeezed through. Whether there would be additions to the legislative record in this elec- tion year was left up in the air. The Republican leaders retained the right to summon their colleagues back to Washington. Mr. Truman can do so, under the constitution. But whether he would want to recall the Congress which rebuffed his recommendations so re- peatedly was another question. House and Senate Republicans, far, __ from seeing eye-to-eye during thejwith those of Senator Robert Talt Arabs Accuse Jews of Fresh Truce Violations Cairo The Arab league re ported today new complaints o Jewish violations of the Palestine cease-fire have been made to Coun Folke Bernadotte, United. Nations mediator. The league secretariat genera, made public a cable received from the Syrian government accusing the Jews of setting fire to four Galilee Arab villages, the latest last Thurs- sen of Minnesota predicted today he will be a strong third on the first ballot at the_ Republican na- tional convention and win the pres- idential nomination on the ntoth. At a news conference an hour be- fore the convention opened, the former Minnesota governor also: Forecast he will have more votes from women delegates and war veterans who are delegates tnan any other candidate. Denied his forces are working sesslon, disagreed again over the wisdom of a summer or early fall session, To Reconvene Speaker Martin (R.-Mass.) said Congress probably will be convened again. But Senator Taft his policy counterpart in the Senate, said In Philadelphia: "I do not think it will be necessary." Senator McGrath (D.-R. I.) set Oversize Fish Drowns Italian Angling Champ Rome reported the drowning at Ventotene [Russian M. P. grabbed the wheel yesterday of Massimo D'Asta, Italy's "'v'-1" "mro tlsh, French and policemen. As Allen was driving past the Russian headquarters, he said the underwater fishing champion It was believed he fired an. arrow into a fish too big for him to handle and that it pulled him down by the arrow's cord tied around his wris of the car in which they were riding and shouted for help. Two Russian officers and two soldiers took the p-.'lsoner away and held Alien for, 15 minutes, he reported. Nanscck was released a few hours later. "The 'privilege' Congress has tak- en care of its special interest friends and frankly told the plain people it has r.o time left to legislate for he said. He challenged the Republicans toi "construct a tent big enough reach from Senator Vandenberg to Congressman Taber." That was a reference to the fight within the G.O.P. ranks over the size of the appropriation to finance the European Recovery program. Actually, there was little fight left when Congress finally got around to of Ohio or any other candidate, Said he is pleased with the de- cision of New Jersey and Pennsyl- vania delegations to support fav- orite sons. Said he believes the outlook Is for a strong foreign policy plank in the party platform. "Our foreign policy plank, he added, "should show the United States Is determined to exercise leadership to prevent a third world war and build conditions for bet- ter living all over the world." Stassen said he believes many delegates still are in the process of making up their minds. day. Indian Takes Over Mountbatten Post New Delhi Lord Mount- batten retired as governor general today and free India's self-rule by her own people became complete. Oriental splendor and western pageantry blended as elder states- man Chakravarthi Rajagopalacharl took the oath as Mountbatten's suc- cessor, becoming the first Indian ever to hold this important post. Rajagopalachari, 69, Js an advo- cate of communal harmony and secular government. Mountbatten took of! for England with his wife and daughter. About persons thronged the munici- pal grounds last night to say good e. Rajagopalacharl popularly known as C. a lawyer, a skill- ed political strategist and adminis- trator and an exponent of Mohandas K. Gandhi's policy of non-violence. He is regarded as one of the most brilliant men in India. Feeling of Confidence Pervades Proposed Foreign Policy Plank Too Internationalistic By Jack BcU Convention Hall, Philadelphia Republicans got their con- vention off to a flag-waving, band- blaring start today with the battle for their presidential nomination still wide open. The first session was gavclcd Jnto order at a. m., and recessed at a. m. In between, there was the usual noisy show, the songs, the oratory, launching one of these once-cvery- lour-years party conclaves. But be- hind this facade two things stood out: One is the general air of confi- dence that this Is a Republican this convention is nam- ing the next president of the United States. The other is the great un- certainty still among the rank-and- flle delegates as to who that man is. Signs of a. scrap over the party's platform also were cropping up. Some Congress members, Just getting a good look at it, were re- ported to feel a proposed foreign policy plank is too "internationalist." Hold Back So many big states are holding back on commitments that it looks ike most anything can happen on the presidential nomination. Governor Thomas E. Dewey and Senator Robert A. Taft acKnow- Icdgedly were out in front, but acklng the votes at this time to assure the nomination. Each, said he felt certain of winning. So did Harold E. Stassen. Stassen said he be a "strong third" on the first ballot and the winner on the ninth. Senator Arthur A. Vandenberg's friends were not calling their shots In that manner. But they claimed Vandenberg is in a good, position to step out toward the end and runoff, with the big prize. of a half dozen others talked similarly. The actual balloting will not start before Wednesday, or maybe Thurs- day. Meantime, the G.O-P.'s biggest oratorical guns will belabor the Democrats and the party will adopt Its platform. Today's first session was just sort of a warm up for song and welcoming talks, plus wham- ming of the Democrats by G.O.P. National Chairman Carroll Recce. Sessions Opens The first session of the convention was called to order by Walter S. Hallanan of West Virginia, chair- man of the arrangements committee. The delegates were crammed into seats on the convention floor be- neath scantly-nlled galleries. Each, state's delegates sat beneath red. and blue placards bearing the names of the states. It looked as though most ot the delegates, or their alternates, were on hand. Governor James H. Duff of Penn- sylvania brought the Keystone state's welcome. He urged the delegates to help give the world spiritual leadership. Duff said the world situation "is ;oo profound to be resolved solely jy drawing a dollar mark across ;he pages of history." Draft Machinery Awaits Truman Pen Washington The nation's military leaders were ready today approving" the foreign" aid bill in military leaders were reay thPcP hours yesterday. into action Harold E Stassen, Minnesota, presidential hopeful, breakfasts before today's busy Republican con- vention procrfim. "The smiling Stassen is at the Bellevuc Stratford hotel with Mrs. Stassen, right, and Mrs M. L. Spencer, Winona, a Minnesota booster for Stassen. CAP. Wirephoto to The Republican- HenUd.7 Major Measures Aside from the draft, foreign aid i and farm bills, these other major measures -were cleared during the weekend session. Housing: Authority for a govern- ment-financed secondary market for G. I. home loan mortgages. The bill is only one section of the contro- versial Taft-Ellender-Wagner hous- ing bill and the equally controver- sial Wolcott bill which the House passed In lieu of the T-E-W meas- ure. Senate insistence on authority for slum clearance and public hous- iing, and House refusal to accept these features, resulted in the dead- lock. Federal employes: A pay boost of a year for postal workers and S330 a year for most other federal workers. The bill also carries a hike In some mail rates, including an in- crease to 15 cents for special delivery and six cents for airmail. Atomic energy: Extension of the terms of the five present atomic energy commission members for 23 months. Mr. Truman had asked a new five-year term for Chairman David E. Lilienthal and staggered terms from, four to one years for the other four members. Displaced persons: Authority for European war refugees to enter this country in. the two years starting July 1. ing a two-million man defense force President Truman pushes the draft button. Not until 90 days after Mr. Tru- man signs the selective service re- vival bill can through be inducted Into the armed forces. But the defense chiefs were rush- ing plans to set up the training machinery for the thousands of peacetime draftees. Congress gave them over to do the Job of strengthening the Army, Navy and Air Force. General Omar N. Bradley, Army chief of said passage of the draft bill is a long step "toward preventing foreign conflict." He told a news conference in Los Angeles yesterday it will "back our leadership in the world and will strengthen our foreign policy." As to the chances of an emergency arising, Bradley said: "We're faced with the possibility anything might happen. No one It would be 14 rnen in the Kremlin." Major Share Bradley's forces received the major share of the defense billions Con- gress handed out and will set the largest number of men through the peacetime draft. On the dollar score, the Army got the Navy A appropriation, to build the Air Force up to 70 groups, also included funds for the Army and Navy. The fanfare which featured the beginning of the previous drafts will be missing this time. There will be no drawing of num- bers Irom a goldfish bowl in Wash- ington. Instead of a lottery, the order of induction will be decided by age. Tentative plans call for beginning the draft with 21-year-olds. Under this plan men who turned 21 on Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight and Tuesday. Occa- sional light rain or drizzle tonight. Warmer Tuesday. Low tonight 58; high, Tuesday 74. Minnesota: Rain ending tonight. Tuesday partly cloudy, warmer south and central and a few scat- showers extreme northwest. Wisconsin: Rain in northeast to- night. Tuesday partly cloudy. Warmer south. ___ ____ LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at noon Sunday: Maximum, 75; minimum, 51; noon, 71; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 jours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73; minimum, 54: noon, J6; precipitation, 31; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at ____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Min. Prccip. Bemidji........77 Chicago 76 74 62 Denver DCS Moines Duluth 79 Int. Falls 78 Kansas City 69 Los Angeles 94 78 74 January 1 would be first in line for] Miami 84 Induction, January 2 next and so' 72 on through December 31. Other Groups Whether all eligibles in the first age group will be called before draft- ing is started Irom another group still is to be decided. The office of selective service rec- ords, caretaker of the wartime draft records and planning agency for the peacetime draft, will be absorbed by the new selective service organ- ization. Major General Lewis B. Dam 5A, T.W. Winona........ 13 Dakota Dam 7, T.W. La Crosse .....12 Hershey, who headed the wartime Dam 5, T.W. draft, presumably will bead the new agency. Approximately local draft boards will be set up. There were 6442 boards during the wartime draft. The local boards, like before, will be appointed- by the governors. The Army probatly will call be- tween and inductees during the first 12 months of the new draft. Mpls.-St. Paul New Orleans New York Phoenix Washington Winnipeg ......79 52 G2 52 61 43 67 60 54 76 64 69 60 57 .18 .18 .25 .44. .21 .01 1.62 .01 .36 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change Red Wing Lake City Reads Dam 4, T.W. 14 12 2.5 6.1 3.4 4.2 3.2 5.5 7.4 1.8 4.8 Tributary Streams -1- -I -1 Chippewa. at Durand 1.2 Buffalo Alma, 1.5 Black at Neillsville 2.7 La Crosse at W. Salem 1.6 Boot at Houston. -----5.9 3 ;