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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 20, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Thundersfiowers Tonight, Sunday Fair, Cooler Chiefs at OwatonitiiA Sunday, P- VOLUME 53, NO. 105 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 20, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES s Demand Return or Prisoners This A View Of The Crowd assembled on 17th Street in New York City in the Union Square area Friday night about an hour before the execu- tion of atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. The throng gathered for a meeting sponsored by the Committee to Secure Justice in the Rosen- berg Case. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) TODAY Satellites Test New Red Policy ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON; This week is likely to go "down in history as the week when everybody's satellite raised Cain. The situation is stl insanely fluid, but at least on point is generally accepted in th higher circles of the America; government. The riots in Berlin and the release of war prisoner in Seoul have sharply interrupted if they have not actually reversed the well-marked new trend of Sov iet policy. Too little attention has been paid, at least by the general publi in the United States, to this new Soviet trend away from the rigid ities of Stalin's last years. It was going may the American policy makers with their hardest choices. It' is worth defin ing with some precision. In brief it has had four main phases. First, Moscow and Peking broke the deadlock in the Korean truce talks, with the obvious intention o: creating a new international atmo sphere. Too Many Upsets Second, Moscow immediately sought to exploit the new atmos- Colorado Snowdrifts Trap 28 Sightseers phere by launching an intensive deadly serious drive for a four- power meeting on the highest level which got a welcoming response from, Sir Winston Churchill anc other leading Allied statesmen. Third, all sorts of screws were loosened, in Russia proper, in the satellites, and in the minor deal- ings between the Soviets and the West. Domestic political consider- ation undoubtedly weighed heavily in the decision to loosen the screws in Russia and the satellites, but this general screw-loosening was also needful, as preparation for a different kind of Soviet-West- ern relationship. Fourth and finally, Moscow be- gan to give important hints, only about a fortnight ago, of the kind of cat it was preparing, in these different ways, to bring out of the bag. Only a few days ago, it was already a 2-to-l shot that the So- viet .leaders meant to make a ser- ious, solid offer of German uni- fication. .The main features of the offer would have been permission (Continued on Page 5, Column 3.) ALSOPS Farmer Dies of Burns ST. PAUL 85-year-old retired farmer, George Knecht, died in Ancker Hospital early to- day from burns suffered Thursday night when his night shirt' caught lire. He had gone to sleep while smoking his pipe. DENVER Twenty-eight sightseers and two bus drivers, trapped for hours by snowdrifts atop Mt. Evans, reached safety early today. Two rescues by a highway department snowplow and oth- er equipment were necessary before the tourists finally got down from near the top of the peak, about 50 miles west of Denver. None suffered ill effects. Drifts up to four feet deep, dumped by an unseasonable snowstorm, stalled the bus, a limousine carrying seven oth- er persons and at least two cars on the mountain Friday. House Approves Ike's Billion Foreign Aid Bi'l By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON ffi-Rep. Vorys (R-Ohio) said today the House, by approving intact a foreign aid program, has given President Eisenhower a 2-1 "vote of confidence to go out and make a record around the world." Indiana Bus Crash Kills 2, Injures 41 PERU, Ind. A chartered bus carrying women on a religious pilgrimage crashed into a car to- day, killing two persons and injur- !ing 41 others. The men killed were occupants i'of a car that went out of control and was slammed broadside by (the bus. Most of the injured were mem- bers of St. Paul's Guild of Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church in Indianapolis. They were enroute to South Bend I to visit St. Mary's College and the Vorys led the administration! University of Notre Dame, fight yesterday to prevent slashes Tne dead were identified as Cline in the foreign aid program which Loy and RoDert Turner both of finally was approved by a 280-108 Kokomo, Ind. roll call, after a sharp seven-hour debate. More Democrats than Re- Rhee Urges Clark Turn Over Anti-Red POWs President Claims More Should Be Given Releases By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL Korea's acting Prime Minister demanded that Gen. Mark Clark immediately turn over to his government for release anti-Communist Korean pris- oners still held in Allied stockades. And the U. N. commander re- leased a scathing letter accusing South Korea's fiery President Syngman Rhee of breaking a "personal commitment" in the "precipitous aad shocking" release of anti-Red prisoners this week. Stinging Rebuke Rhee and his cabinet met this morning to study a stinging rebuke from President Eisenhower and government sources said the Cabi- net might discuss Rhee's answer. Eisenhower accused Rhee of vio- lating U. N. Command authority in ordering the prisoners freed. Forty-five more anti-Communist Koreans fled from three U. N. prison camps Friday night and early Saturday. The U. N. Pris- oner Command said nine were recaptured. One South Korean was killed and one U. S. soldier was wounded at a camp near Pusan. South Korea's Acting Prime Min- ister Yung Tai Pyun, in a letter dated demanded that Clark turn over all anti-Red pris-1 oners still in Allied hands. "We must liberate them all preferably in a manner leas likely to cause he said And Pyun warned: "I should like to call your at tention to the mutual need of re framing from saying or doing anything that might likely pro voke passions of the (Korean] masses, which once let loose may easily go out of control. If there is any talk to be done, it had bet ter be managed quietly, we be- lieve." Pyun's letter, written after the mass escape of about pris- oners early Thursday, said: "We regret very much that severa' scores of prisoners were killed and injured by United Nations guards." About anti-Red prisoners fled from seven U. N. camps Thursday night and Friday night. South Korean guards, acting on or- ders of President Rhee, turned their backs as the prisoners es- caped. Clark Tells Rhee Clark told Rhee in his letter, Emsnuel Bloch, chief counsel for the Rosen- bergs, sat dejectedly in a Washington hotel room last night as he heard by radio that his clients had died in the electric chair. An unidentified young woman aide to the lawyer wept. Bloch told newsmen "American democracy died with the Rosenbergs." (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) The bus rolled over several times publicans voted for Strong Democratic support also helped GOP leaders beat down a dozen attempts to slice the total bj as much as half a billion dollars Speaker Joseph W. Martin (R- Mass) and Rep. Rayburn of Tex- as, the Democratic leader, both urged support for the President. The measure now goes to the Senate. There it may encounter ess trouble than was created in .he House yesterday by a coali- ion of Midwestern Republican: and some Southern Democrats. Che bill would only authorize 'unds. Actual appropriations must >e voted in perhaps a presaging another fight. On final passage in the House, .19 Republicans. 160 Democrats and one Independent voted for the measure. It was opposed by 81 Re- sublicans and 27 Democrats. Vorys said only 78 Republicans oted for the foreign aid program ast year with S5 opposed, and the of 41 supporting votes "makes this a party matter for the long mil" to approve the appropria- ions. But Rep. George S. Long (D-Lal nd other Democrats said they aved the President on what Vorys abeled in advance as a vote of onfidence on foreign policy. Rep. Lyle (D-Tex) said in a sep- rate interview he believed the ma- ority of House members "were filling to approve a high ceiling ut want to see what happens in he next few weeks in unsettled 'orld conditions before putting up ie money." one witness eight times. said as many as Red Papers Blast Rosenbergs Death LONDON H) Communists on both sides of the Iron Curtain fully exploited today the execution of U. S. atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Even some pro-Ameri- can newspapers in Western Europe criticized the executions. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and able cloudiness and cooler local thundershowers. Sunday fair offensive in two years. in released in Tokyo, that he could "not at this time estimate the ul- timate consequences" of Rhee's ae tion in releasing the prisoners. The U. N. commander said he was "profoundly shocked by this unilateral abrogation of your per- sonal commitment, which was so freely and voluntarily given that you would not take unilateral action with R 0 K forces under my control until aft- er full and franfc discussion with me. Clark said he could not estimate the "effect on the common cause for which we have sacrificed so much during these past several years." Four marching throngs of Ko- reans paraded through Seoul's downtown streets, celebrating re- lease of the prisoners. Korean civi- lians have been ordered by their government to hide and feed the prisoners. Allied soldiers were conducting desultory searches for the prison- ers who have melted into South Korea's teeming millions. Rosenbergs Die Quietly Without Telling Secrets Temporary Mail Rate Set for NC Airlines WASHINGTON B) Civil Aeronautics Board has set a tem- porary mail rate of 61.72 cents a mile for North Central Airlines, formerly lines. Wisconsin Central Air- Red Radio Weeps Tears Over U.S. 'Child Beggars' LONDON Moscow radio wept copious crocodile tears today for the "child beggars of New York" who it now appears subsisted on Russian kasha' and borsch dur- ing a visit of a Soviet ship. The crew of the Soviet steam- ihip Suchan came home to happy Moscow with a pitiful tale of suffering in such American har- ;ors as Los Angeles and New _ York. j crying, milled around a speaker's The saddest sight for the eyes j stand in New York's Union Square. of the visiting comrades was when I Street fights broke out in' Paris, he Suchan anchored in New York. I and several policemen were re- ,et Comrade Valchuk, captain, sec- ported wounded. In London, thou- By RELMAN MORIN SING SING PRISON, Ossining N. Y. Rosenberg an his wife, Ethel walked quietly t the electric chair last night an were executed for the crime c delivering to Soviet Russia th secrets of the atomic bomb. Neither of the condemned spie talked, nor attempted to talk, a the last moments came. Both entered the death chambe: in Sing Sing a few moments a firm step and a stony face. They were exe cuted shortly before sunset so tha the grim task would be finished before the beginning of the Jewisl i Sabbath. It was the day after their 14th wedding anniversary, i They were the first non-militarj convicts in the history of the United States to be executed for espionage. Their bodies will be claimed b, their families but prison official's said' they had not been notified when. Crowds Demonstrate At the hour of retribution, crowds gathered, demonstrating, in New York, .London and Paris. Hysteri- cal, sympathizers, screaming anc ond class, tell about the trip: "In Los Angeles we saw half naked hungry children, one if whom, a small Negro, stretched mt his hand and said two. cents, mister. We would frequently meet sands roved the streets, waving copies of the Communist newspap- er, Daily Worker, which carried a single word in giant der." In Dublin, two bottles of kero- uch small beggars later on." Isene thrown through the win- But, in New York: "They used! dow toe u- s- information office, o come to us in whole groups. The sailors shared their food with hem and the eyes of these poor, mall sufferers would fill with tears vhen they received kasha (cereal) They did not explode. nd rich Ukrainian borsch (beet Allies Lose 19 Planes Behind Red Lines By MILO FARNETI SEOUL air power suffered its heaviest losses of the Korean War the past week while helping to check the mightiest Red and cooler. Low tonight 64, high Sunday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 rn. today: Maximum, 103; minimum, 72; noon, 91; precipitation, .55; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Centra! Observations) High temperature last 24 hours was 92 at p.m. Friday, low 71 at a.m. today, noon 89. There was an overcast at feet, visi- bility was 15 miles, the barometer was 29.51, falling slowly and the wind from the southeast at 15 miles an hour. Humidity 60 per Nineteen Sabre down behind Commun- ist lines, the Air Force announced. Fourteen were lost to anti-air- craft guns and five to unexplained causes. None was lost in dogfights, in which Sabre jets shot down 19 Red MIG jets. Day and night, U. N. warplanes p in record waves dumped bombs and Jellied gasoline on Communist troops to play a major role in stemming the greatest Red drive since drive which dented South Korean lines up to two miles. The worst previous Allied plane loss was 16 in the week of Feb. 5-11, 1952. Nine Sabre jetr. were shot down by Red guns, and three more of the swept-wing jets failed to return from enemy territory for unex- plained failure. causes, probably engine Previous high Sabre toll for a week was four for the period ending .April 19. One Mustang and three Thunder- jet fighter-bombers and one twin- jet Australian Meteor fighter-bomb- er also were lost to ground fire. The loss of a Star night fighter and one Tbunderjet also was un- explained. Today, the Communist push had slackened to platoon and corn- But in Ossining, where the pris- on is located, the night was quiet. Heavy details of police and state troopers, guarding temporary bar- ricades, met no demonstrators. As the fixed hour approached, two telephone lines were opened between the office of Warden Wilfred L. Denno and Washington to be in touch with the White House and the office of Attorney-General Herbert Brown- ell. Together Last Day The Rosenbergs spent most of their last day together. Warden Denno said they talked from about noon to p. m. (EST) in the woman's wing of the prison. They were separated by a wire screen. The party of official witnesses entered the death chamber a few moments before 7 p. m. It is a square room. Behind the electric chair was a white, wheeled table. In front were four rows (Continued on Page 10, Column 4.} ROSENBERGS Rosenberg Case May Cost About WASHINGTON (ffi The govern- II J.VJ.1 U1J Ailt ment has not yet tallied the full Allies Told They Must Control ROKs New Terms for Armistice Appear Nearly Impossible MUNSAN ut) The Reds today angrily told the Allies if the U. N. wants a truce it must control South Korea's rebellious govern- ment and recapture anti- Red war prisoners freed by Presi- dent Syngman Rhee. Although the Communists pro- tested violently at Rhee's arbitrary action, they did not rule out an armistice. But their terms appeared' near Korean prisoners have melted into the countryside with Rhee's blessing and the split between South Korea and the U. N. Command apparently was growing deeper. South Korea's acting prime min- ister, Y. T. Pyun, made public a letter to Gen. Mark Clark, U. N. commander, demanding freedom, for anti-Reds left in Allied stockades. It was written Thurs- day, a few hours after the first big break. Warns Clark Pyun said Rhee does not regard recent prisoner-exchange terms "equally binding on us" and warned Clark bluntly against "say- ing or doing anything that might likely provoke passions of the (Ko- rean) masses, which once let may easily go out of control." At almost the same time, Clark made public a letter written the same day blistering Rhee, and ac- cusing him of breaking recent as- surances that South Korea would make no arbitrary moves without consulting Clark. Rhee's action has cracked the unity of the Allies and the made the most of it. The Communists listed their de- mands "in a letter handed to the Allied truce delegation in a 25-min- Ad- dressed directly to Clark, it end- cost of convicting Julius and Ethel ed: "We are awaiting the reply of Rosenberg as atom spies and send- ing them to the electric chair. Justice Department officials to- day offered a "very rough estimate" that the bill will run somewhere around This would cover the salaries of department attorneys especially assigned to the case, the printing of briefs and similar expenses. Voter Markings Urged MANILA The National Move- ment for Free Elections proposed :o the Philippines Congress re- cently that it authorize the use of ndelible ink to mark voters in the November presidential election and pany-sized assaults, while the Reds thus prevent them from balloting apparently probed for weak spots in South Korean lines on the East- Central front more than once Philippine voters are required to affix their thumb- mark on T ballot- Ike Arranges Showdown With Reed on Taxes By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON Eisenhower arranged a face-to- ace showdown today with. Rep. Reed chief congressional oe of the President's plea to ex- end the excess profits tax. Under present law, the tax ex pires in 10 days. Reed is chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, the group that normally must" start all ax bills through Congress. But so far he has cot agreed even to call his committee togeth r for a vote on the President's >roposal, a stern test of Eisen- ower's leadership in Congress. Republican congressional leaders ave indicated confidence the com- nittee, if called, would vote to >ring the bill to the floor, and lat Congress then would enact it. The President invited Reed to the White House today in an ef- ort to break the roadblock. Informed sources said Eisenhow- r would make a direct, personal ipeal to the committee chairman 3 convene his committee for a ote on the issue. There was no indication whether eed would yield. Reed, oldest Re- ublican in continuous service in ie House, has never said he ould refuse to bring the tax ex- tension to a vote. Nor has he said when or whether he would do so. GOP leaders apparently have made little headway in their ef- forts to persuade the determined New Yorker. Eisenhower urged a six-months extension of the unpopular tax- in a special message to Congress more than a month ago. The ways and means committee concluded hearings one week ago today. Reed has insisted the tax pre- vents business growth, and hence revenue which would be raised by letting it die on schedule. your side." The Allied delegates made no an- swer _ and the meeting recessed in- definitely at Communist request, subject to call by either side. Expected Protest- da Washington, U. S. officials had no comment, but said they expected a strong protest.) In t.heir the Reds warned ominously, "Your side must bear the serious responsibility for this and asked a series of blunt questions: 'Ts the United Nations Command able to control the South Korean government and army? "If not, does the armistice in Korea include the Syngman clique? "If it is not included, what as- surance is there for the implemen- tation of the armistice agreement on the part of South Korea? "If it is included, then your side must be responsible' for recover- ing immediately all the i of war who are at lib- President I erty and your side must give assurance that similar .incidents will not recur in the future." The Red total did not include 36 who escaped Friday night and Sat- urday. I The Reds repeated their charges that the Allies must have known beforehand of the release and therefore "connived" in the es- capes. Flicker of Tenseness An Allied spokesman said North Korean Gen. Nam II read the let- ter with a flicker of tenseness, but no other sign of anger was dis- played in the conference hut. Later, Dr. Karl Hong Ki, a South Korean government spokesman, de- nounced the letter as "false accu- sation directed at the United States to cause a split between the U. S. and the'Republic of Korea." Clark's letter to Rhee was short but direct. He wrote that he could "not at this time estimate the ul- timate consequences" of Rhee'i "precipitous' and shocking" act Clark said Rhee had personally assured both him and the U. S. ambassador to Korea, Ellis O. Briggs, that he would not take any such action until "full and frank discussion with me" but "your actions today (Thursday) have clearly abrogated these assur- ances." Pyun wrote Clark that Rhee's reasons for releasing the without consultation was "too ob- vious to need any explanation." "Even to be consulted, however slightly, about our contemplated action would have been unbearably embarrassing to he said. "I lope that you will take this weE- meant silence not too badly." Pyun wrote that "it is clear'i to Rhee that "no matter how you feel about the stand this government las been taking on the POW ques- tion, you are duty-bound to abide iy the (PpW exchange) agreement terms which we do not regard a> equally binding on us." ;