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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 20, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight Saturday Morning Clear in Afternoon SEND YOUR LETTERS BY AIRMAIL VOL. 52, NO. 106 FIVE CENTS PER COP' WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 20, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY Russians May Risk War Now By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON According t highly credible sources, George F Kennan is, at least seriously dis turbed, if not downright alarmed as a result of his re-exposure to the peculiar atmosphere of Mos cow. For several reasons, this first re action of our new ambassador to the Soviet Union is immeasurably more significant than the first, or indeed the last impression of any ordinary diplomat. Kennan, after all, is a partner in the remark- able team of American experts on Russia the other member is Charles E. Bohlen whose opin- ions have gone so far to shape the policies of the Western world. In his celebrated "Mr. X" article in "Foreign Kennan him- self provided the public rationale of America's postwar dealings with Russia. Knowing more than almost any other diplomats about their subject-, Kennan's and Bohlen's judgments have carried the great- est weight in London and Paris as well as Washington. On many oc- casions they have proven the acute- ness of their perceptions. For in- stance, they both warned, force- fully but fruitlessly, that the Chi- nese would intervene in Korea if Gen. MacArthur sent his armies to the Yalu. Then too, this first reaction of Kennan's is important be- cause of a peculiar phenomen- on that is familiar to all dip- lomats, and, indeed, to all newspapermen who travel much abroad. You can visit a foreign country with the greatest regularity. You can know all its leading men and be closely acquainted with its his- tory. When absent, you can follow its trends and tendencies through labyrinths of documents. But when you return to this country, you rarely fail to be taken by surprise by some unexpected change of fo-1 cus, emphasis or atmosphere. j In judging a foreign country, there are no complete substitutes for breathing its air, smelling its smells and hearing its the rude personal contact with the foreign reality. George Kennan, who was last assigned to the Mos- cow embassy in a subordinate post in the war years, has now under- gone this renewed contact with the real thing. The result has been a ouse Vot Russ-Swedish Tension High Max Conrad's wife and 10 children gather around a globe at their home in Minneapolis to pick out Sola, Norway, where Max set his light plane down Thursday after a flight from Washington, D. C. Scanning the map, from left to right, are: Judy, 19, holding 9-month-old Ann; Betsy, 18; Katie, 11; Chrissy, 8; Mrs. Conrad; Molly. 14; Checo, 2; Terry, 9; Nicky, 4 and 16- year-old Jane. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Steel Strike Will Halt Arms Output Within Few Weeks By ELTON C. FAY change of emphasis. The change of emphasis hardly amounts to more, according to re-1 in port, than an increase of worry, of concern, and indeed of uncer- tainty about what the next Soviet move may be. Yet this change in Kennan is as meaningful, in its way, as a sudden change in racing odds by the most expert bookmak- er in the business. Since he expressed them frankly and publicly, the views held by Kennan when he left for Moscow are easy to sum- marize. While no dreamer of empty dreams about grandiose deals with the Politburo, Ken- nan then was sanguine about the possibility of negotiating specific Soviet-American differ, ences. While perfectly clear, too, that the Soviets would never cease their customary sapping, mining and infiltrat- ing, Kennan was also very con- fident that the Kremlin wished to avoid any risk of general war. WASHINGTON and the military say the nation's arms from jet engines to atom bombs and nuclear come to a virtual halt within a few weeks if the steel strike continues. A survey of manufacturers and defense experts today showed that enough steel is on hand to eke out production until some time in August, but that in some in- stances the impact of the steel pro- duction stoppage already is being People Willing lo Meet Taxes, Russell Believes SPOKANE, Wash. Rich- ard B. Russell (D-Ga) said last felt. The situation goes beyond the non-delivery of finished weapons themselves. If the hard steels needed for tools can't be had, the weapons can't be made. The effect of that can be far-reaching. Secretary of Defense Lovett, calling the potential effect of the strike very serious, already has' moved Oslo Welcomes Max Conrad OSLO, Norway Conrad, the flying pop from Winona, Minn., Dew into Oslo today in the tiny plane which carried him solo across the Atlantic. Hundreds were at the airport to Sun the shooting which resulted greet him. Conrad, father of 10, is i in its being downed, bringing greetings to the mayors The Swedes angrily rejected of Scandinavian cities'from the! these charges Wednesday and re- promoters of the Minneapolis i peated their claims that the plane j Cabinet Studies Latest Note From Moscow Reds Charge Plane Flew Over Russian Areas STOCKHOLM, Sweden The Swedish cabinet met today to study the latest Russian blast in the flurry of angry notes exchanged between the two nations following the shooting down of a Swedish flying boat by Soviet jet fighters. Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky handed the Russian message to Swedish Ambassador Rolf Sohlman last night in Mos- cow. It emphatically denied the Swed- ish version of tlie shooting inci- dent, which has aroused a storm of anti-Russian emotion in this tra- i ditionally neutral country, and de-! manded an end Jo alleged Swedish violations of Soviet frontiers. The ill-fated plane a Catalina rescue craft with seven men aboard was downed Monday in I the Baltic sea. All tlie crewmen were picked up -by a German freighter. The Swedes immediately protest- ed to Moscow, claiming that the catalina had been unarmed and had kept at least 12 miles from Soviet territory. The Russians claim their territorial waters ex- tend 12 nautical miles from shore. Russ Countercharge The Russians countercharged on Tuesday that the plane had flown over Soviet boundaries and had be- C. R. White, Fireman of a freight locomotive involved in a three-engine crash in Toronto, Canada, grimaces with pain as he lies trapped in the cab of the engine. An unidentified doctor, left, gave medical treatment to White while rescue workers worked for over an hour with acetlyene torches to free him. No one was killed in the crash. White suffered a broken leg and burns on the face, hands and body. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) flying to various cities until about national waters. Ike Steps Into Hot Texas Fight (Editor's note: For weeks. Texas has been seething with strife between the supporters of Gen. Dwight Eisenhower and Sen. Robert A. Taft. The question is: Whose delegates are entitled to represent hte Lone Star State at the GOP National Convention July 7? Two rival slates have come into being. This is the most explosive and intriguing developments of this red-hot elec- tion The result may be a decisive factor in the GOP nom- ination for the presidency. Dave Cheavens, veteran AP capital cor- respondent at Austin, explains how and why tlie argument came into being.) By DAVE CHEAVENS AUSTIN, Tex. wi_It's two-gun Texas political warfare in rugged frontier style that Gen. Dwight Eisenhower steps into tomorrow when by ReP- Cole which would he visits his birthplace at Denison, on the Red River. have controls in 00 days on s Would Lift Price Checks On Most Goods Curbs Could Be Reimposed on Rationed Goods WASHINGTON tf! The House today voted to end price controls on virtually all consumer goods. The vote was subject to reconsid- eration. By a vote of 146 to 88, the House decided there should be no price controls on items which are not rationed or allocated. Controls also would be lifted on items which have been selling at below ceiling prices for at least three months. At present no goods are rationed, and only a few metals are being allocated. The effect of the amendment, if it remains in the bill, would be lo remove just about all price con- trols or force the Office of Price Stabilization to order retioning of things it wants kept under price ceilings. The amendment was offered by Rep. Talle and supported heavily by Republicans. Democrats almost soldily opposed it, but many were absent. Free Enterprise Talle said the amendment would encourage free enterprise. Opponents, led by Chairman Spence, of the House Banking Committee, claimed it would amount to killing controls. Controls could be reimposed whenever materials are allocated or rationed. "In essence, this is saying there will be no price control de- clared Rep; Hays who opposed tlie amendment. Before adopting the Talle amend- ment, the House beat a substitute by Rep. Cole which would It's a showdown between old guard Republicans, who inherited the prices July 10 in his Piper Cub. "I've got to be back in Minne- apolis by July he told report- ers. "That's my wedding anniver- sary and my wife might like to see me by Summer Officially Begins Tomorrow night he believes the people are j channels the comparatively small i willing to make the present tax I amounts of steel production and sacrifice to keep the United States Steel stiU availaWe. Tomon band of GOP newcomers, who say rfTi. i ,-----T> i uano. 01 ijur newcomers, wno say The latest Russian note declared they want to put some new life in- these Swedish statements to the old party. diet the facts and are void of all foundation." It also demanded that That's "violations should not ture." The Swedish foreign office ad- mitted today that Swedish planes had flown, over Russian territorial waters twice during July, 1951. it amounts to from not in short gov- strong. On a swing through the West in his bid for support at the Demo- cratic National Convention in Chi- cago, the presidential aspirant said he doesn't see how taxes could be reduced now without wrecking Here one must note an absolute- ly vital fact. Kennan's belief, that the .Kremlin has been taught a les- son by Korea, and will hereafter avoid moves involving risk of gen- eral war, has been the central as- sumption of American world policy the rearmament program. To cut taxes now would mean canceling contracts for arms and "I don't think the people would approve of canceling these con- he said. At a question and answer session with some of Washington's 22 con vi wuiju puimy i "ii-ii aujiie ui w dMiiugLun s con- for a great ma'-y months. It heads I vention delegates, Russell said he the planning papers. It has deter-j would have seized the steel plants Pass Defense Goods One action was to get steel out of warehouses and into weapons- making plants. The CIO Steelwork- ers Union headquarters at Pitts- burgh telegraphed orders last night to pass such defense materials through picket lines. The Defense Department has requested contractors to shift steel orders to non-struck plants. There aren't many of these. But the department expects both a. m. time.) Tomorrow marks the arrival of the summer solstice, when the sun rises farthest north of east, reaches its greatest noontime altitude, and sets equally far north of west. At this time, when the sun at- tains its farthest north declination, summer begins officially for the northern hemisphere. Johnny Johnston, Singer, to Wed LAS VEGAS, Nev. UP) Singer Wednesday, tlie Stockholm ernment also admitted a [territory on June 13, Increased Irritation There was little immediate re action to the new _ because it at a late hour. me planning papers, it nas deter- woum nave seized the steel plants it p w p- i- mined the tempo of the defense to avert a strike in the industry. I manding rf JW T" effort. It is America's great cal- But he said he would have done S CoiSri culated risk. it under thP sPwtive lfliel, said last mght 0? cS lir the vast tonnages needed. J' Soviet note, received the con- key to winning the Republican nomination. 30 for Taft Thirty of the Old Guard's con-, vention delegates are known to be for Sen. Taft, four for Eisenhower, j and four for Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur. Pennsylvania GOP Vows to Back Nominee PHILADELPHIA 1hungry Pennsylvania Republicans tion are instructed for Eisenhower ,_ einn and five are instructed for Taft. down to unity din- The two opposing delegations ap- ners in Philadelphia and Harris- peared after the battle at Min-jburg last night and lustily vowed IKUSR.H uagoiaaet aeeiarea: tne otiler witn illegal tactics. _._ "The new Russian note, unfor- 'in the contests from 24 counties from the GOP Conventlon tion to business or living costs. with a periodic review of the price situation every 90 days. That lest by a voice vote. A series of test votes yesterday established that a coalition of Re- publicans and Southern Democrats could call their own shots and back them up with votes. House Democrats they hoped to complete action on the controls bill today. Some Repub- licans thought the measure might have to be put over until next week. Contains Basic Powers The bill, containing all the basic economic control powers, was due to expire at the end of this month. The Senate already has passed an extension bill, but differences be- _.UUv.ui> U1JJ.U1 J HiC l-Ull LCOtiJ .LI U 111 UUUIIUCO tunately, must be taken to mean I preceding the Mineral Wells con- that the Russians want to main- j vention, the Old Guard-dominated tain and increase irritation between State Executive Committee gener the Soviet Union and Sweden." The 16-man foreign affairs com- mittee of the Swedish Parliament yesterday heard reports on the shooting incident from army com- mander in chief Gen. Nils Swed- lund, and Maj. Gen. Richard Aker- it under the Selective Service Act the strike lijiY. I 44, me 1JC1CUL1VC OCi VJIJC The particular phenomenon that i which allows the government to has most disturbed Kennan is un- derstood to be the Soviet cam paign of "Hate-America" propa ganda. which apparently has to b seen at first hand to be believed Only a few weeks ago all the pro paganda stops were pulled out, sc that the intensity of venom agains America now equals the Sovie venom against the Nazis in war time. The American people (in stead of the conventional "Imper ialist have sud- denly become the main propagan da targets. And these streams of venom are now, for the first time, being beamed squarely at the Rus- sian people. According to the high sources already mentioned, Kennan has made no final judgment on the future meaning of the fantas- tic "Hate-America" campaign and other unpleasant signs that the Kremlin is preparing its people for a time of peril. What has happened, apparent- ly, is that Kennan's former confidence that the Kremlin would shirk major risks has been considerably diluted. Nor is this surprising, for one sus- pects Kennan argued himself a certain over-positive- r.ess, in his constant and cour- ageous struggle against the too simplified and extreme view of the Soviets which is com- mon here. seize an industry that in time of war or other emergency, fails to fulfill government contracts. "I'm afraid of the doctrine of inherent power, which President Truman used he said. in seizing the military aircraft date. affected production to He added in a statement, how- ever, that "if the strike lasts long enough there are certain to be gaps in the pipeline" of supplies and "obviously, aircraft produc- tion will be affected." i i ueiense scan cniet. York clothier, plan to be married The newspaper Stockholms-Tid- in Mexico on June- 28 after he ob-1 ningen reported the committee also Iress KatnrynaGraysone Miss Grayson has an interlocu- tory decree from Johnston in Call- fornia, but he told newsmen he plans to take Mrs. Carmel to Lon- don with him in August when he fulfills a singing engagement at the Palladium. Miss Grayson's divorce will i October. not be final until by the captain of the German, freighter Muensterland, which res- cued the Catalina's seven crewmen from the Baltic. The search continued for a Swed- ish transport plane missing since June 13 and also feared lost to Soviet attack. The Catalina had been aiding in the hunt for this 1 plane when it was shot down. as the party's presidential candi- date. Upwards of party W6re ui uaiLy tain- The administration took several I hard lumps yesterday and ap- cam-; peared in for even rougher treat- split two. The Eisenhower faction main- tained it had majorities and that its conventions were called and held according to state and party law. They said in each case they had taken the declarations of party loyalty, as set up by the State Executive Committee. Swamping Charged In reply, the Taft people said the precinct conventions were swamped with Repub- coats in the oppressive heat of Philadelphia's Convention Hall and loudly hurrahed demands for "bold national leadership" made by keynote speakers from both sides of the Taft-Eisenhower po- litical fence. Sen, Everett M. Dirksen the man selected to deliver the, "fa? STchicfagoSSkvraSS I ment today. Rep. Boiling (D-Mo) made a. fruitless effort to give the Presi- dent power to seize and operate the steel mills up to six months. That was ruled out of order and the House dfdn't get a chance to vote. The House did vote, however, to oils-cheese section of last year's act in modified form, despite ad- ministrajjon pleas that it be re- pealed. i s take over the conservative state ,strucnk a goods from abroad. _ chord of unity by assailing Demo- D _ [Continued on Page IS, Column 4) cratic leadership and omitting mention of the men they support. or im- vju competitive a' goods from abroad. The section was modified to permit the secre- IKE Republican-Herald to Give A WARD for HEROISM The RpDublipan-T-TprslH tnH'nr The Republican-Herald today announces es tablishment of an Award for Heroism. The purpose of the award is to give formal recognition to persons regard for their own personal to prevent another's injury or death, or the destruction of valuable property. In past years, the Winona area has recorded deeds of this nature, but no provision for public recognition existed. This Republican-Herald award provides a means for honoring the hero, making his deed fully known and expressing the gratitude of the public. The award will be given to residents of the Winona area who .perform acts of heroism and to nonresidents who perform heroic acts while in the Winona area. The Republican-Herald Award for Heroism consists of S100 in cash and a certificate describ- ing the deed. In addition, the names of all recipients of the award will be inscribed on a Heroism Plaque to be mounted in Winorfa City Hall. reports describing heroic has been little local recognition of Tms Republican-Herald award recti- fies this1 deficiency. Regardless of age or sex, any Winona area resident is eligible for the award no matter where he performs-a heroic act. Any nonresident is eligible provided his heroic deed is performed while within the Winona area. For the purpose of this award, the Winona area will be-consid- -ered generallyJfas that in which The Republican- Herald is circulated, as designated by the Audit Bureau of Circulations and shown by the shaded area in the map on Page 8 of today's Republi- can-Herald. A five-man board will determine eligibility. for the award. The members of the board are J. M. George, Winona attorney; C. A. Choate, vice president of H. Choate Co.; A. J. Ander- son, secretary of the Winona Association of Com- merce; L. E. Pfeiffer, Winona mayor; and M. H. White, publisher of The Republican-Herald. The Republican-Herald or any member of the board should be notified when -happenings occur that might be considered heroic. The board then will investigate circumstances of the case and determine whether or not deed is in fact an act of heroism. The board will use three general rules to guide 'them in reaching a decision: J. The act must have been in attempt fo prevent injury or death to another or to pre- vent the destruction of valuable property. 2. The person who performed the act must have submitted himself ta degree of danger. 3. The act by its nature mutt bt and beyond that which normally could be ex- pected of the person who performed it. For example, a drowning rescue may not always be an act of heroism. A fireman in the line of duty performs rescues and prevents de- struction of valuable property as a routine mat- ters Normally he would not be eligible for the award unless he should perform an act clearly above and beyond the call of duty. The Republican-Herald Award for Heroism was inspired last year when a Minneapolis rail- road fireman sprinted ahead of a fast-moving freight to rescue a two-year-old Winona boy from certain death ,on the tracks in the Milwau- kee Railroad yard. C. A. Choate, who extended the community's gratitude on Choate's radio program the next morning, discussed with The Republican-Herald publisher the possibility of establishing such an award, suggesting the newspaper as the ideal institution to sponsor an Award for Heroism. tary to increase the quotas by as much as 10 per cent if he thinks it will help international relations. The administration suffered an- other reverse when the House adopted an amendment by Rep. Ramsay (-D-WVa) requiring that, j when American production of non- j defense goods is limited by raw 'materials allocations, imports of such goods be held down to the 1947-49 average. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight with show- ers locally tonight and continuing into early Saturday morning. Warmer Saturday. Generally fair late Saturday morning and after- noon. Low tonight 60, high Satur- day 72. LOCAL-WEATHER Official observations for .the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 81; minimum, 60" noon, 58; precipitation, .48; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page li. ;