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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 20, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Local Showers Tonight, Cooler Wednesday Baseball Tonight p. m.- KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 105 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JUNE 20, 1950 EIGHTEEN PAGES State Health Plan Pattern Western Forests Dry, Fire Peril At Ail-Time High Floods Damage Pacific Northwest, Canadian Areas By The Associated Press Rain-starved Colorado and Wyo- ming forests are so dry that a vet- eran forest ranger says he's "nev- er seen comparable situation." And a U. S. Weather bureau spokesman checked his charts and added that "there's been no rain to speak of in some parts since June 3, and then very little. It's quite a serious condition." W. S. (Slim) Davis, a fire con- trol officer for the U. S. Forest service, said in Denver that sev- en Colorado national forests have a "high fire danger." In short they're ready to roar into wild in fernos at the drop of a match, or a bolt of lightning. The Weather bureau spokesman at Chicago said reports of the area showed a "continual cri tical situation" there because of the lack of rain. Floods In West But there was no lack of mols- ture in the Pacific northwest. There the outlook was that flood- ing rivers there were "still rising but at a decreasing rate." In Boundary county in northern Ida- ho, martial law was declared yes- terday. The Kootenai river splash- ed over dikes protecting 30.00C acres of rich farmlands. National Guardsmen were called to the Bon- ners Ferry, Ida., area to battle the rampaging river. In the Middle West, small craft warnings were up on Lakes Super- ior, and Michigan, as whip- ping winds up to 30 M.P.H. lash- ed the waters. Forecasters predicted a continu- ed cool period of the central Atlan- tic coast regions, but said they ex- pected upper New York and New England to have some by Cut in Excise Taxes Forecast With Higher Corpora tion Levy Indiana Plane Congress Ready Crash Kills 4 tonight or tomorrow. Pleasant In los Angelei Visiting in the Los An geles area can expect pleasant weather today the weathermen said, with temperatures during the day In the mid seventies, and pos- sibly a little higher tomorrow. In western Canada, fear was ex- pressed that the unruly Fraser riv- er today might boll up as high as the crest reached In 1948's dis- astrous flood. Six hundred Canadians faced with isolation were asked to evacu- ate yesterday from Harrison Hot Springs, a summer resort 75 miles east of Vancouver, B.C. Supreme Soviet Re-elects Stalin Moscow A cheering, ap- plauding Supreme Soviet (parlia-j ment) voted unanimously last night to continue Premier Joseph Stalin's government in office. Eleven Communist party politburo members were present as the joint houses of parliament also voted support of resolutions demanding prohibition of atomic weapons and branding as war criminals officials of the first government to use atom weapons. The resolutions they endorsed were those adopted at a "World Pence Partisans congress" at Stock- holm. The parliament also went on rec- ord to express a "conviction that the Soviet government will continue to pursue its constant policy of peace and friendship among the nations within the United Nations and elsewhere defend international peace and security." Speakers during the discussion on the Stockholm peace resolutions at- tacked United States and British government policies as "imperialist and aggressive" and said that Rus-j sia has mastered atomic energy for creative uses. The meeting also re-elected Niko- lai M. Shvernik chairman of the Supreme Soviet presidium, a posi- tion equivalent to president of the Soviet Union. Shvernik, 62, was first elected to the post March 19, 1946. He is one of 13 members ofi the politburo. The semiannual session of thej parliament ran for a week. During that time, it approved the Soviet budget for 1950. Detroit Population Gains 1950 popu- lation is gain of 165 over 1940, but not large enough to keep the rating of "nation's fourth, largest city." Los Angeles has a 1950 popula- tion of It added to its 1940 population of Democratic tax law managers made ready today to ram through the House a bill slashing excise taxes by 000 a year, after tacking on a cor- poration tax boost to avoid a veto. The House ways and means com- mittee voted in new taxes late yesterday. It was de- signed to meet President Truman's Schuman Opens Talks on Coal, Steel Merger Predicts New Era in Western European Life Min- ewherore i wusigr from six Western Euro- jpean nations, assembled here to This would cut the tax load ofc f ?ha? 'VeTeel 'we small corporations earning from ,us f t to but jump the w'u not be Permitted to fa 1 or quit f j f __JJ.l, mti- -fmipVilrtrV IrtVl i present 38 per cent income tax rate I for the biggest corporations to al- 'most 41 per cent. Administration leaders immedi- ately predicted the tax bill, in a form suitable to the President will be handed to the White House in time for Congress to adjorn July 31. However, this schedule assumes prompt approval by the House, where the bill is expected to come up next week, and the less likely prospect of quick Senate passage. Cuts Seen on Sept. 1 If it goes through, excises now imposed will be slashed prob- ably on September 1 on fur coats, movies, jewelry, travel tick- Dr. Wilson Oty Health Officer without finishing our job." The conference which Schuman opened in the Foreign Ministry Salle De 1'Horlage (clock room) was.historic, he said, because never before had the West European states delegated a "fraction of their sovereignty to an independent, supra-national authority." Urging his proposal to put West- ern Europe's coal and steel and industries under control of an in-j ternational body empowered to make binding decisions, Schuman said the nations must find means "outside our national limits" to create a more rational economic structure, to cheapen production and to open new markets. The six nations represented to- Dr. H. H. Wilson Dr. R. H. Wilson was elected the city's new health officer by the city council Monday evening. He is to fill the unexpired two- year term of the late Dr. Samuel Scbaefer. -The term expires the, third Monday in April, 1952. Dr. Wilson has an office at 76 East Fourth street, across the street from the city building. As the health officer, he is the head of a department that includes sanitary and food inspectors, a laboratory, a dairy inspector, a city dumpman and a public health nursing service. A part-time office, the job pays a month. In addition, the state department of health pays 50 cents for each birth or death re- ported. There were three candidates for the post: Dr. Wilson, Dr. Herbert jv.B. Heise and Dr. Roger F. Hart- wick. The nine aldermen took a secret ballot and voted five to four for Dr. Wilson over Dr. Heise. The lelection then was made unanimous. U.S. 370-Page Report Given Governors At Conference ets, luggage, telephones, tiresi, day_prancei western Germany, tubes, baby bottle warmers anajBelgiurn Italy the Netherlands and scores of other items. I have agreed to The big corporation tax boost, if i the idea. Britain has held back. --------j u., Displaying Rigid Army Discipline, Princess Patricia's Canadian light infantrymen step over a fallen comrade who collapsed in the sun during a drill at Calgary, Alta. lay unconscious for 25 min- utes. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) approved by House and Senate, (would just about cover completely 'the estimated excise cut. The committee, by a ten per cent withholding on corporation dividends, loophole plugging and various other tax changes, already had found ways to pick up an es- timated in addition to the from corporations. In the long-delayed crucial vote on corporation income tax rates Lebanon, Ind. Four per- ;ons were found dead today in the wreckage of a small plane in a 'ield seven miles south of here. The dead were identified as: Kobert A. Lahr, 30, Lafay- ette flying instructor. Clinton Edward Ferguson, 41, Battle Ground, student pi- lot. His wife, Mrs. Marcia Fer- guson, 41. Her son, Ronald Partridge, eight. The single-engine plane appar- ently had crashed so silently last night that it failed to awaken a 'armer who lives 400 yards away. It seemed to have plunged head-on nto the ground. Its nose was bur- ed two feet in the ground. Lahr, airport, instructor Lafayette, at Halsmer giving Ferguson, a close friend, lying lessons. The party had flown to Fort SVayne, Ind., where Lahr attended i drill of the 163rd Fighter Squad- ron of the Indiana Air National Guard, The plane took off from Baer field at Fort Wayne at ten o'clock (C.D.T.) last night with enough fuel to fly until midnight. State police at Ligonier reported yesterday, the vote was report- !authority. ed unofficially at 14 to 11, with 14 j Democrats supporting the change j and the one Democrat and ten Re- publicans opposing. Rate Changes Explained Here's what the committee vot-j ed: 1, A flat 21 per cent normal tax rate on all corporation earnings. 2. A flat 20 per cent surtax rate on air corporation taxable earnings over This means a tax rate of 21 per cent on the first and 41 per Schuman expressed a hope that the British later would join the pool. "We cannot conceive of Europe without he declared, adding, "we this reassures that the British government hopes for the success of our work." Following today's opening meet- ing, the delegates will hold secret sessions to plan details of the work- ing of the pooland its controlling To Give F.B.I. 300 More Men By Don Whitehead Washington J. Edgar Hoover's campaign for 300 addi- tional F.B.I. agents to hunt down Communist spies appeared today to be tabbed for victory. The House appropriations com-li949. mittee and a Senate appropriations! The corporation income tax now cent on all over The new rates, if finally approved, would become effective on the taxable year beginning after December 31 subcommittee were agreed to approve the tor's request. dlrec- (next 25 per cent on the next 53 per cent from The Senate subcommittee's to and 36 per cent on ommendation is expected to be ac-j 550 000 Irt -full cepted in turn by the full appro- priations group and the Senate. Hoover told" senators two months ago in a secret session that there are known Communists and some Red sympathizers in the United States who form a po- tential fifth column of traitors. He said at that time that the Communists were more active today than Fascist and Nazi agents ever were during World War II. Hoover's testimony, released on June 8, left a deep impression on lawmakers. One senator, who ask- ed that his name be withheld, said both the House and Senate groups felt Hoover should get the full num- the plane missing at 1 a.m. today. Of agents he requested plus A watch found on Ferguson's body had stopped at 400 additional other em- I ployes to help carry the Federal Shriners Parade In Los Angeles Los Angeles Mecca moved west today as an estimated Shriners swarmed over Los Angeles and its far flung environs for the 76th annual session of the imperial council. Today was a day of parades for delegates from 67 most of them marching in their urging vigorous efforts to save colorful uniforms behind blaringisoutheast Asia. They emphasized Johnson Urged To Recommend Aid for Fomosa By Russell Brines Tokyo (jP) The question of whether XT. S. Defense Secretary Louis Johnson may recommend prompt American aid to Formosa World Aid Program Urged on Governors White Sulphur W. of State Acheson tion." Funds Authorized Congress has authorized 000 to initiate the program but has yet to appropriate the money. Acheson urged Congress to give quick approval and deplored what [better than two to one. appealed to the nation's governors today to support President Truman's program for aid for the world's backward areas. "By aiding the people of under-developed areas to deal with thelr basic problems of food, health and he said, "we shall be strengthening their resistance against extremism of whatever kind." Acheson spoke before the state governors who have gathered lor a four-day study of domestic and world problems. In his prepared speech, the sec- retary dealt entirely with_ United States efforts to help strengthen the free world and maintain world peace. The administration has advanfr ed the aid to backward areas pro- "point four" after its position in President Truman's inaugural an Impor- tant factor in building peace. Ach- eson said that while this program would be a moderate one, the re- sults "will make a great contribu- Woman Nominated For Congressional Seat in Maine Portland, her own pleasant surprise Miss Lucia M, Cormier It Democratic congress- ional nominee today. The plump, attractive Rumford book store owner won the stand- out victory In Maine primaries. The Democratic national commit- teewoman, who is 38, beat Dr. Adrian H. Scolten of Portland in the first district. Her margin was he said were "narrow isolationist" was still unanswered here on the bill. After a second day of briefing by top American officers on Far East- ern defense, one officer depicted The effect of these he said, "has been to obscure the bas- ic elements of self-help In the pro- Secretary Johnson as "leaning our gram and to obscure the fact that way." The officer, who cannot be jit deals with fundamental prob< identified, favors immediate aid for Formosa, threatened by the Chinese Communists. Another high ranking official said the secretary had so carefully hid- den his reactions to headquarters that none could be sure how he stood on the Formosan question. lems of community sanitation and agriculture." The secretary put the governors on notice that the administration may borrow some of their experi- enced state officials under the pro- gram. He said: "It may cause inconvenience to Major General Earle E. Partridge, part with these men for a period, acting commander of the Far East I but we believe that once the citi- zens of your state understand what Air Forces, and his staff officers stressed the danger of allowing For- mosa to fall into enemy hands, re- liable sources said. The Nationalist 1 well-being, they will be willing to Chinese held island is 350 miles I accept the inconvenience cheerful- Representative Robert Hale (R) will be Miss Cormier's September election foe. He was renominated for a flfth term with a four to one margin over Ray W. Stetson. Both are Portlanders. Earl 8. Grant, president of Portland Business college, will con- test Republican Governor Fred- erick G. Payne's re-election. Granl had a margin of almost two to one over Leland B. Currier of Litch- fleld, former Democratic state sen- ator. Payne was unopposed as were Improvement Asked In Food Given Institution Inmates By Jack.B. Mackay St. Paul A national pro- gram of mental health care, pat- terned after that inaugurated in Minnesota by Governor Young- dahl, was in prospect today at the governors conference at White Sul- zens 01 your Kepublicall Representatives Charles this work is about, and how anrt prank Fpllows and d contributes to our own peace and from Okinawa, big U. S. air base. Air officers also strongly support- ed the views of General MacArthur, occupation chief, and his strategists work load. The wreckage was discovered of Investigation's heavv bands- Mounted units included-280 desire to retain aU their pres of investigations six cameis from Far Eastern air bases at top the lare wis" and aboard a11 malmer'efficiency equipped with the latest weird conveyances, ranging from types of aircraft. In general, American military strategy in Asia is built around the use of long range air power as the a clover field this morning Claude Armstrong, who lives three and Brunswick est force of undercover agents the Federal Bureau of Investigation! ever had and allow for greatly in- creased activity in seeking out sub- versives and foreign spies. In asking Congress for added funds for increasing his force, Hoover said Communist agents were after U.S. information dealing with atomic research, jet propulsion, radar, coastal maps, military air- ports, biological warfare and in- dustrial resources. Some of these spies, he said, are hiding behind i diplomatic passports. He argued the F.B.I. must in- crease its efforts to preserve in- ternal security. And he added: "If we are to preserve our internal security in times of emergency, it a 1901 one-cylinder automobile from Louisville, Ky., to a cable streetcar from San Francisco. Despite a local traction strike, nobles found their way around in chartered taxis and cars of accom- modating citizens. Several deputa- tions from far northern locales de- clared they brought their own sour- dough just in case the also-current bakers' strike proves inconvenient. Officially the conclave opened Sunday and will continue through Thursday. Traffic congestion reached a peak almost unprecedented in Los An- geles. Many delegates, aware of the trolley strike, brought their cars and space in parking lots was virtually nonexistent. Even so, most major initial striking force. Briefing of-1 administration proposes to do fleers today, it was understood, j about halting the advance of Corn- stressed the strategic importance ofjmunism in Asia. Duff is a Repub- bases in Japan and Okinawa which are within bombing range of many key Soviet targets on the main- land. lluiiCAjaUClit, JW, is incumbent that the identities of retained regular maxi- those who work-against the peace mum Of about 75 cents a and security of America be estab- lished." 2 Rochester Women Pilots Honored Rochester, Minn. Two Ro- chester girls, Evelyn Knowlton and such space as was available. A few outlying lots cashed in on the sit- uation by upping the fee to as much as SI an hour. The housing problem was equally severe. Some delegates from Pittsburgh's Syria lodge, for in- stance, were expected and accom- modated. But another 650 arrived yesterday, by auto. Their reserva- Marietta Sonnenberg, will repre-jtions had been canceled by over- sent the Minnesota chapter at theiloaded railroads but they came any- national convention of Ninety-Nines, Iway. A lucky few among them Alfred Dean Slack, 44-year- old Syracuse, N. Y., chemist, leaves Oneida county jail at Utica, N. Y., this morning. Slack will be taken to Knoxville, Tenn., to face a charge of -espionage. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) international organization of Wo- men pilots, when it meets this week at Bracketville, Texas. The two left yesterday for St. Louis where they will join a derby race to Bracketville. Miss Knowlton is publicity chair- man of the Minnesota chapter and Miss Sonnenberg is history chair- man and chairman of the Amelia 'Earhart scholarship fund. Can't Hire Experts crat, who will compete with Fel- lows in the third district. Nelson's election opponent will be TT _ John J. Maloney, Jr., 38, of Lewis- U. S. officials said one reason fm f for Acheson's appeal for aid was that the administration is having difficulty rounding up experts who are willing to accept assignments in out-of-the-way countries for any period of time. Governor James H. Duff of Pen- nsylvania told a reporter In ad- vance of Acheson's talk that he hoped to find out what the Truman lican candidate for the Senate this fall. Acheson's "point four" discus- sion did not go into this broad question. ton, who won a three-way Demo- cratic fight in the second congress- ional district. Phone Wage Pact Agreement Signed New York A wage agree- ment was signed today by the long lines department of the Am- erican Telephone Company, and Division Ten, C.I.O. Communica- tions Workers of America, a com- pany spokesman announced. If rati- fied, it will affect members in 40 states. found shelter in a high school gym- nasium at Santa Monica, 20 miles away. On the serious side, Al Malaikah temple, Los Angeles, laid the cor- nerstone yesterday for the 17th Shrine crippled children's hospital in ceremonies conducted by Impe- rial Potentafe Harold Lloyd and Ellsworth Meyer, grand master of Masons in California. These U. S. Military Leaders are in Tokyo to discuss America's defense position in Communist ridden Asia. Left to right are: General Omar Bradley, chairman of the U. S. joint chiefs of staff; Secretary of Defense Johnson and General Douglas MacArthur, Far East commander. They are shown as Bradley and Johnson arrived at Haneda airfield in Tokyo where they were met by MacArthur. (AJP. Wirephoto.) phur Springs, W. Va. How Minnesota is pacing the country may best be seen in the summary of recommendations made to the governors conference by the Council of State Govern- ments. The recommendations in the 370- page document closely parallel de- velopments in Minnesota. The re- port was made at the unanimous request of the governors at their conference a year ago. In common with the Minnesota program, the mental health policy act sponsored by Youngdahl's ad- ministration, the administrative steps to date, and the recommen- dations place high emphasis on the selection and training of person- nel. The priority assigned to the psychiatric aide is especially stressed. Rap Mechanical Restraints A condemnation of the use of mechanical restraints is contained .n the report. At the beginning of Minnesota's mental health drive, jetween 800 and patients were in strait-jackets and other re- straints. Today, the seven mental hospit- Willmar, Rochester, St. Peter, Fergus Falls, Hastings, Moose Lake, and Anoka have virtually eliminated what Gover- nor Youngdahl has termed "bar- baric devices." In food, too, Minnesota is in ad- vance of the country. The report asks for improved food standards for patients. Today Minnesota goes even farther in protecting the pa- tients' food service by the "single standard" provision in the act. This means that the same general diet must be served patients and employes alike. In line with the council's rec- ommendations also is the appoint- ment of a commissioner of mental lealth. That position is now held )y Dr. Ralph Rossen of Minneapo- Is, former superintendent in the Hastings state hospital. The council also calls for im- proved budgeting procedures, r. step the state program took a yea ago in bringing in the public ad- ministration service of Chicago to Install management and cost-ac- counting procedures. Set Up Mental Health Council In the field of children services, prevention, and the administration of federal mental health funds, Minnesota again is backed by the council's report. A unit for the emotionally disturbed child is to be established at the Hastings state hospital. By executive order Governor recently took another step that the council asks all gov- ernors to do. He created the in- terdepartmental mental health council, composed of heads of in- stitutions, welfare, health, educa- tion, and youth conservation. Com- missioner Rossen serves as chair- lan. Purpose of the interdepartment- al council is to utilize facilities in state government for a total at- tack on mental illness, particular- ly paying attention to the problems of children. The council's report emphasizes the great need for extensive re- search into the causes of mental disorder and into inproved tech- niques in treatment. Outmoded legal terminology should be deleted from statutes and amendments should be enacted recognizing mental illness as dis- ease, the council report recom- mends. "The use of such terminology is damaging to the patient's self-es- teem and may hamper his recov- the report warns. The council also urged that state hospitals should be encouraged to provide adequate facilities- for un- der-graduate and graduate psychi- atric training of nurses and for the field training of clinical psy- chologists, psychiatric social work- ers, occupational and physical therapists, and mental hospital chaplains. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday with chance of local showers tonight. Cooler tonight and Wednesday. Low tonight 54, high Wednesday 68. LOCAL-WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 77; minimum, 54; noon, 75; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 13. ;