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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 19, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Thundershowers Tonight or Saturday, Cooler Take Your Republican-Herald On Your Vacation VOLUME 53, NO. 104 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 19, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Fate of Korean Truce May Be Known by Night By GEORGE A. MCARTHUR MUNSAN (gi fate of the Korean armistice may be deter- mined within a few hours when Allied and Red negotiators meet in full-dress session at Panmun- jom. The next move apparently is up to the they gave no hint 1000 anti-Red Korean prisoners. The armistice draft appears ready for signature as soon as Chinese, English and Korean trans- lations are approved. Observers predicted Rhee's ar- bitrary action probably would not block signing of the truce, but they feared trouble later when the when they asked for a meeting at Allies must account for and hand 11 a.m. Saturday (9 p.m. Friday, over Red. prisoners. The negotiators might approve final truce details. Or the Reds may protest President Syngman Rhee's defiant release of. about TODAY Ignoring Problems Of Defense By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON It is unprece- dented for a mere magazine arti- cle to be passed on by the National Security Council. The highest _pol- icy-making organ of the American government is not in the business of giving clearances. In the past, indeed, the Council has only taken advance notice of such portentous Few Recaptured And there is the possibility Rhee could expand this first open re- volt against the U. N., upsettnig the whole agreement. The UNC has assured the Reds it is taking "every step" to re- 'capture the escaped prisoners, but it has found only a handful. The task appeared almost hopeless as the prisoners homes with the blessing the South' Korean government. Meanwhile, Rhee made public a letter he wrote President Eisen- hower Wednesday in which he ap- parently rejected Eisenhower's of- fer of economic and military aid and a promise to negotiate a se- curity pact if South Korea would accept a truce. Rhee pleaded with Eisenhower to find some other answer than a "death warrant" armistice. "The XJ. N. is now putting pres- sure on us he said, "and is joining hands, it seems, with the enemy in this matter of armistice terms." He accused the U. S. and the official utterances as the an-ju. N. of backing down on early nouncement of the first Soviet j war objectives of "a united, inde- atomic explosion in September, .1949. In'- an informal sense, at any rate, the first exception to these rules is an article on "Atomic Weapons and American by Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, ap- pearing in the current issue of Foreign Affairs. This article by the great scien- tists who had the largest respon- sibility for the bomb-that fell on osenoergs Tonight; Douglas Overruled, 6 to 3 The 1952 Automobile in which Elmer Fleischfresser sped to his death is pic- tured here after it had been righted to extricate the youth's body. The car traveled 235 feet after it demolished the Roy Buchmiller automobile.. Fleischfresser was thrown from his car and pinned beneath it. It Might Have Been Struck by a train, but this car was demolished when it was rammed at about 100 miles per hour by another car. The front was also badly damaged. D. M. Sweeney, caretaker of Merrick State Park, checks the damage. (Republican-Herald pendent and democratic Korea and the punishment of the aggressors." As the critical full-dress session approached, there were these other developments: 1. The Reds called off Friday's meeting of interpreters believed working on the armistice draft at Panmunjom. 2. The official Red Peiping radio accused Rhee of releasing .the prisoners in order to impress them Hiroshima, was originally prepar- into South K0rean army and ed as an address to a select group added tne "Americans deliberate- of students of foreign relations. The ly connived" by taking no meas. il_____T. i V _, address, though off the record, caused expressions of concern by the staff of the National Security Council. Hence the Security Coun- ures to prevent the breakouts. It also said the sincerity of the "J. S. is "indeed put to an acid test." 3. Communist army engineers cil had to be asked whether there j abniptly stopped construction of was .any obstacle, when Foreign Affairs wanted to give the ad- dress to a larger public. A spe- cies of "nihil which was not a- normal clearance, and did not imply either approval or dis- approval, was granted in the end. Armament Race Against this background, there is special interest in Dr. Oppenheim- er's efforts to look at the atomic armaments race in "the large light of history, if indeed there is to be and to "reveal the nature of it, without revealing any- thing." Dr. Oppenheimer, it should be noted, is neither specific nor sensational. He does not deal in a building at Panmunjom which some observers thought might be used for the truce signing cere- mony. There was no explanation. Prisoner Agreement 4. Allied troops continued prepa- rations for prisoner exchange and top Allied officers who will serve on a joint Red-Allied military commission after the armistice arrived in Munsan. The actual prisoner agreement makes no mention of numbers but says all prisoners opposing return to their homeland will be turned over to a repatriation commission within 60 days. The UNC has told the Reds about numbers of atomic bombs or pre-147 000 anti.Red prisoners would go cise methods of delivery, in kilo- tons or raegadeaths. He simply records his own "rough guess" as to Soviet atomic progress. "I he writes, "that the U.S.S.R. is about four years be- hind us. And I think that the scale friction'between The of its operation is not as big as. South Korean government. How- ours was four years ago. It i__n_ be something like half as Remarking that "this sounds comfortably he then to the commission. If the Allied command fails to meet this number, the Commu- nists possibly could hold out on Allied prisoners. The Reds have been aware of the ever, both sides have gone along steadily toward a truce agreement, apparently in the belief it is up to the Allies to make South Korea proceeds to show the coldness in the comfort of our so-called "atom- 1 two mem- ic lead." He reminds his readers bgrs of ae five_Mti0n repatriation West Demands Russ End Berlin Tank Blockade By TOM REEDY BERLIN Uft East Berlin's Russian-protected Communist gov- ernors launched a frantic back-to- work propaganda campaign today -i. '4. CfMM'ot in tacit admission that Soviet _ tanks, troops and a summary exe- gradual curve here, sped more than 200 feet, on the shoulder of the Winona Youth Dies As Car Crashes at About 100 M.P.H. By FRED LEIGHTON Republican-Herald Area Editor FOUNTAIN CITY, Wis. An 18-year-old Winona youth was killed caf he was drivjng left Highway 35 on a that the primitive bomb that fell on Hiroshima killed people. He suggests that an atomic lead does not matter very much when both sides have enough bombs, much more terrible than the bomb that fell on Hiroshima, so that they can utterly destroy each other. He bleakly remarks that in these cir- (Continued on Page 5, Column 6.) ALSOPS Chicago Cab Driver Arrested in New Ulm NEW ULM, Minn. (81 A. 20- year-old Chicago taxicab driver, Joe Lee, was arrested here today a 6-weeks-old infant he said was his daughter, on a charge of transporting a stolen automobile across state lines. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy, occasional thun- dershowers late tonight or Satur- day. Cooler. Low tonight 74, high Saturday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 98; minimum, 82; noon, 96; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 92 at a. m., min. 84 at a. m. scattered layer of clouds at feet, thin and brok- en layer at visibility 15 miles, wind 5 miles per f-our from southeast, humidity 56 per ba- rometer 29.65 steady. cution had not ended major resist- ance to their puppet government. From across the tank-closed frontier, the Big Three Western Allies sternly demanded that the Soviets end their blockade of the city's eastern part, and condemned yesterday's firing squad execution of a jobless West Berlin truck driver as an "act of brutality which will shock the conscience of the world." As West Berlin lowered all its flags to half staff in mourning for the dead of the Eastern rebellion against Communism, Red Radio Berlin incessantly pumped 'out promises of reforms and appeals for the captive East Germans to support the government. Urge Return to Work Streetcorner loudspeakers in the Soviet sector blared: "It is the patriotic duty of every citizen to quietly take up the tools of Ms daily labor." West Berlin took this as evidence that the general strike which touched off Wednesday's vio- lent rioting still is under way, or at least threatening the Red re- gime. With 200 Russian tanks and 000 Soviet troops sealing the en- tire East-West Berlin frontier, __________ r commission to handle Red POWs j there was no way of knowing now who refuse to go home, reacted to I many East Germans were staying Rhee's prisoner release. I sullenly home. Switzerland warned that the Reports filtering into the West action might lead her to reconsider said that the Russians had im- her decision to serve. An martial law and the "rules foreign office spokesman in New I of could mean more Delhi said South Korea "must one handled by the United Nations." lend of their zone to the other. More Break From Prison Camps By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN SEOUL Hi New and bloody mass breaks from Allied'stockades today swelled to nearly the legion of anti-Communist war pris- road, smashed into a parked car and Crushed it against a tree and then continued another 235 feet. Elmer W. Fleischfresser, son of Mr. and Mrs. William H. Fleisch- fresser, 1010 W. Wabasha St., was thrown from his automobile and pinned beneath it. He suffered a badly fractured skull. Death was instantaneous, Buffalo County Traffic Offi- cer Henry Zeichert estimated the car was traveling 100 miles an hour when it struck the parked car owned by Roy Buchmiller. Speed limit at that point is 25 miles per hour. Zeichert was called to the scene of the crash moments after it oc- curred. "The minute, I saw the car I knew it was the same auto- mobile I chased earlier in the eve-' 1952 model with special white fenders on the rear. There isn't another car like it in this area." Zeichert revealed he chased the car on. Highway 35 toward Foun- tain City at p. m. from a point near Prairie Moon Tavern, Elmer W. Fleischfresser Girl Companion Of Youth Tells Events of Night Buffalo County Traffic Officer Henry Zeichert said this noon that crash victim Elmer Fleischfresser purchased a half pint bottle of whisky at a. Cochrane tavern and later drank tfie entire bottle, with- out taking a breath, about a half hour hffore his speeding automo- bile took him to his death at .Foun- tain City early today. Zeichert said he learned of the whisky-drinking episode in an in- terview with one of two girls who left Winona at 9 p. m. with Fleisch- fresser and later refused to ac- company him following an alterca- tion. Purchase of whisky by a person not 21 years of age is illegal in Wisconsin; Beer can legaDy be purchased and consumed in that state by a person 18 years of age. Neither beer nor whisky can be purchased or consumed in' Minne- sota by a person under 21. Drank, Danced, She Sayi Zeichert quoted the 18-year-old Government Holds 2nd Surplus Ship LONG BEACH W! The federal government has seized a second ship here.this week in its'drive against non-American ownership of war surplus vessels. The tankship Destiny was seized yesterday on-charges that its registration violates fed- eral shipping laws. The seizure took place .after -the Banker dis- charged barrels of crude oil, brought from Faq, Iraq, and consigned to the Richfield Oil Corp. Egypt Proclaimed Republic, Naguib Named President CAIRO, Egypt mili- tary rulers proclaimed their na- tion a republic last night, ending the 148-year-old dynasty of for- mer King Farouk and his fore- bears and installing Premier-Mai. Gen. Mohammed Naguib as the country's first president. At the same time the Army Rev- olutionary Council, which d e- Also investigating were Buffalo County Sheriff Glenn A. Davis and Buffalo County Coroner H. G. Stohr, both of Alma. Stohr said this morning there will be no in- quest. He indicated a Fountain City physician will issue a death certificate that Fleischfresser died of a fractured skull. Stohr and Zeichert said an em- pty half-pint bottle of whisky and "We are under no obligation to cans of beer were found in the support or participate in any oper- 1 crash car. _ ation brought on by the govern-! The crash scene is in north lu ment of the Republic of South Fountain City-taown as German- oners liberated in South Korea's bold defiance of the U. N. Command. Korea and not by decision of the and is gust south ot the More than bolted from five prison camps and a hospital last j United Nations." Corps of Engineers boat yards night and early today on the heels of those ordered released Wednes- day by President Syngman Rhee Canadian Troops Won't Support Rhee After Truce TORONTO, Ont. Min- ister Lester B. Pearson said last night .that .Canadian troops in Ko- rea will not be used to support any fighting the South Koreans may launch against the North Koreans after an armistice. Pearson, who also is, President of the U. N. General Assembly, told a political campaign rally: two miles south of Cochrane. "I j speed." was doing close to 100 miles an .The traffic offecr quoted the hour couldn't begin to keep gr as saying the car pulled UlUHUIldJ. J1 girl as saying she and a 19-year-old tnroned parouk last July and has friend went directly to Prairie j been power behind Naguib Moon Tavern two miles southeast ever sincg three -of its of Coehrane where they, danced and drank beer until about 11 p. m. She told the officer Fleischfresser said he wanted to buy whisky, and the youth and for Co'chrane, members were taking over key Cabinet posts. Chief of these was Lt. Col. Gam- al Abdel Nasser, Naguib's .closest and actin2 AJmy 6 j became vice-premier and interior minister. up. He just walked right away. "I went as far as Fountain City trying to keep him" in sight, but I lost him. I couldn't tell whether he went through Fountain City or around the block." Zeichert did not see the car again until he was called to the crash scene. Other Investigators I in front- of the tavern, and Elmer went inside. When he came out he had this half pint bottle of whisky." The party of three returned to Prairie Moon, Zeichert reported he was told. Fleischfresser apparent- ly drove off alone a short time later, Zeicliert said. It was then that the traffic, officer attempted to tail the speeding youth "at speeds up to 100 miles an hour." Fleischfresser again returned to (Continued on Page 3, Column 7) GIRL of the Republic of Korea. U. N. Command headquarters in Tokyo placed at the total Koreans escaping in the past two days, and those anti-Red Ko- reans remaining in custody. The figures differed somewhat with those released by the U. N. pris- oner of war command, which said its totals were "rough." Those making the break early today included 494 who battled U. S Marines at Ascom City camp, near Seoul's big port of Inchon on the west coast. The U. N. Command said the Leathernecks had replaced ROK guards at the camp -before the South Koreans had opportunity "for collusion." In Moscow, the Soviet press carried the story under head- ing "provocatory .actions of the Syngman Rhee clique." The reports published there implied collusion1 between some American "authori- ties and the South Koreans. Additionally, Russian newspap- ers published U. S. Secretary of State Dulles' comment that Rhee violated "the authority of the United Nations and Prime Minister Churchill's state- ment deploring the prisoners' re- lease. Rhee has voiced vigorous opposi- tion to any armistice leaving Ko- rea divided. Besides the mass break early Friday at Ascom City, hundreds of prisoners bolted at U. N. Camp 4 at Yongchon, in South-Central Ko- rea; Camp No. 5 at Sang-Mudai and Puean and a handful at Taegu. "US "We must condemn the last government of the Republic of Korea which might prejudice an armistice agreement, which we hoped would be the first step in bringing about peace and unifi- cation of that unhappy land." Minnesota Game Warden Suspended ST. 'PAUL.UP) Game Warden Paul Farrell, Excelsior, was or- dered- suspended, today while con- servation department officials in- vestigate his accounts relating to trapping permits and pelt sales for the Minnetonka State Game Ref- uge. of his car had struck the parked automobile. He was found under, his own car, his head "very badly crushed." The car, headed for Winona, ended up on its side, on the left side of the road. Fleischfresser was alone. There were no witnesses, Zeichert said, although residents of the area heard the crash. The Buchmiller car was "com- pletely demolished." It was "wrap- ped around a tree." The Fleisch- fresser car was extensively dam- aged. Acquaintances of the youth said the car had been in a garage for repairs recently. Zeichert' quoted "several indiv- (Continued on Page 3, Column 7) YOUTH The Council's proclamation said Naguib would serve as president and the end of the three-year "transitional period" set up early this year. After that, the proclamation continued, "The peo- ple will have the last word in choosing the shape of the republic, designating a new president when a plebiscite on the constitution takes place." Eventual proclamation of the re- public had been expected since a strong tide of anti-monarchist feel- ing broke into the open with the departure of Farouk. Warden Sets Execution For 6 p. m. Last Minute Plea To Save Atom Spy Pair Denied by Ike BULLETIN OSSINING, N. Y. Sing Singr Warden'Wilfred Denno announced that Julius and Ethel Rosen- berg would be executed tonight at 6 p. m. CST. WASHINGTON (m The Rosen- berg atom spy and Ethel lost their pleas today to President Eisenhower and the Su- preme Court to save them from the electric chair. And prison officials tentatively set 9 o'clock (CST) tonight as hour for their date with death. In mid-afternoon, their one last chance to escape the executioner's switch apparently was through confession of the whole espionage conspiracy of which they give atomic secrets to Russia. Eisenhower shut the door against commutation .under any other cir- cumstances in a statement re- jecting a clementy plea. The Pres- ident declared: "-----I can only say that, by immeasurably increasing the chances of atomic war the Rosen- bergs may have condemned to death tens of millions of innocent people all over the world. "The execution of two. human beings is a grave matter. But even graver is the thought of the. millions of dead whose-deaths may be directly attributable to what these spies have done." Ike's Pronouncement Eisenhower issued his pro- nouncement within two hours aft- er the Supreme Court by a 6-3 vote set aside a stay of execution granted by Justice William Doug- las on Wednesday. The court brushed away, too, after brief consideration frenzied efforts by the lawyers for the Ro- senbergs to get a new stay from the court itself. la another last effort, the law- yers' asked a stay from Justice Black as an individual justice the same course Douglas had fol- lowed. Emanual Bloch, chief attorney for the Rosenbergs, fired off a. telegram to Eisenhower asking for a chance to argue the case for clemency. He said too he was going to the White House in an effort to make a face-to-face appeal to the President. 'Democracy's Enemies' But even as he was talking to reporters the White House an- nounced the President's decision that he would not save the spies. Eisenhower said he was con- vinced the Rosenbergs had been (Continued on Page. 14, Column 1.) ROSENBERGS Prison Guards took up positions behind bar- riers outside Sing Sing Prison at Y., to check possible- demonstrations- on behalf -of tnt convicted atom spies Juljus and Ethel whose execution is set for tonight (AP Wirephoto to ;