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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 19, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight and Tuesday, Warmer Baseball Tuesday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 104 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JUNE 19, 1950 TWENTY PAGES TODAY- N. Y. Bookie Surrender To Russians Top Fear By Joseph Alsop Washington We have perhaps three or four years to enjoy our- selves, if we go on with business- as-usual, politics-as-usual and self- delusion-as-usual. The joyride, one hopes, will be very agreeable. But at the end will come a big bang, or more likely a small, self-pitying whimper. And our world, the free world of the West, will then come to an end. Such is the best summary this correspondent can offer, of all the mingled experiences of a long ex- pedilion of inquiry abroad. It is offered despite a belief that, unlike Hitler, the masters of the Kremlin do not want a general war, because of the inner weaknesses of the Soviet system. The danger now, in fact, is much less a gen- eral war than an enormous sur- render, which 'will give the Krem- lin all the fruits of victory without a shot being fired. Only a very simple act of im- agination Is necessary, in order to understand this danger which hangs over us. First, you must imagine a Soviet Union with its war preparations completed, hav- ing a substantial stock of atomic weapons, an impressive strategic air force, a vast army, and every other auxiliary of military power. Second, you must imagine that this great Soviet military power is con- fronted by a half-armed America, and above all by a Western Eur- ope without serious defenses in the air or on the ground. THIS WILL BE THE WORLD rather soon, unless the Western nations take drastic measures to rebuild their defenses. this intensified defense effort must begin at once if it is to show realj results by the time of danger, 1953-'54. No one should be misled) on these points by the barrage of soothing lies, about new weapons now and so forth, that is emanat- 1 voting on amendments is set to start tomorrow afternoon. ,__ .v, Guilty Mrs. Eugenie Anderson, left foreground, U. S. ambassador to Denmark, meets Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt on the latter's arrival at Copenhagen's Kastrup airport. Also at the airport is John White, left, in light suit. American ballad singer, and Gustav Rasmussen, Danish foreign minister, partly hidden behind Mrs. Roosevelt. The widow of the late President is touring Scandinavia after unveiling a statue of her hus- band at Oslo. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Senate Speeds Debate On Social Security Bill By Edwin B. Haakinson Democratic and Republican leaders teamed up today in an effort to speed passage oi an expanded social security Ing from the politics-as-usual ex- perts in Washington. The consequences of this new world situation of unchallenge- able Soviet strength confronting ir- redeemable Western weakness are also mathematically predict- able. After all, It is only a little more than a decade since Hitler took the Rhineland and Austria, the Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia! and Danzig, without firing a shot. Hitler did all this simply by in- spiring the terror that saps the will to resist. In the new world sit- uation that is now arising, Western Europe in the Fifties will be Czech- oslovakia in the Thirties. Even now, the Kremlin strate- gists are already preparing for the time when, as they hope, they will be able to terrify Europe into sub- mission. They are transforming the Western Europe Communist parties into simple para-military groupings, with the sole function of creating disorder and division at the most useful moment. They are using all means, like the "Par- tisans of Peace" with their terror propaganda about atomic warfare, in order to foster in Europe a mood of appeasement and submis- sion. They will certainly create this mood, if the United States now abdicates as leader of the West Senators Urge Lie Be Ousted For China Stand separate interviews, Democratic Leader Lucas of Illinois and Senator Taft G.O.P. policy leader, told a reporter they expect the social security measure to go through in about the form It came from the Senate finance commit- .tee. Lucas is pushing for one amend- jment that would increase the tax- I able wage base to a year. It now is with employes and employers each contributing per cent of wages up to this amount. I Senator George finance I committee chairman and in charge of the bill, was expected to go along with the Lucas proposal if he and other Democrats would Republi- Jdrop other amendments, can senators said yesterday Trygvel Passed by House Lie should be ousted as secretary I The Senate bill would add an es- general of the United Nations unless persons to the he withdraws his proposal for rec ognltion of Communist China. now covered by the old age and survivors insurance pro- gram. In a joint statement, Senators Both it and a similar measure al- Bridges of New Hampshire and (ready passed by the House would Knowland of California accused Lie sharply increase monthly benefit of being a tool, if not an actual j payme'nts to aged persons, but the ally, of the Reds, and called on the Senate committee dropped House admin if he dstration to seek his discharge j provisions for increases in doesn't stop urging that a'laLed old age assistance p: the re- program. Chinese Communist be seated on j These are the payments to aged the U. N. security council. persons and others who qualify on "Lie says, in effect, if Russia a needs basis rather than under the not accept the rules of the i so-called insurance. N.. the rules must be Both Senators George and Milli- order to go on a national joyride. tneir statement said. "He adopts the j kin former finance chair- Maine Voting Today After Sluggish Drive Portland, Me. After a sluggish campaign traditionally Republican Maine votes today In primaries marked by a Democrat- ic woman's bid to go to Congress. Pert, plump Miss Lucia M. Cor- mier, 38, is opposed in the first district by Kansas-born Dr. Adrian H. Scolten of Portland. Miss Cormier, a Rumford Book- Store owner, is Democratic nation- al committeewoman. Dr. Scolten was the party's U. S. Senate nom- inee two years ago. He lost to Sen- ator Margaret Chase Smith Democratic contests outnumber Republican for major nominations. Nominees for governor, two more house seats, the legislature and county offices also will be chosen. Although only partly cloudy weather is forecast, voting is ex- pected to be com- parable to the record low of 58.073 pa: in 1942. Worker Killed In Accident At Winona Dam Morris Long, 35, Alma Electrician Caught in Machine A maintenance electrician at Wi- nona lock and dam 5-A was fatally injured at a. m. today when he was caught in dam gate machin- ery. Morris A. Long, 35, of Alma, suf- fered a crushed chest and died shortly after the accident. Long was checking an electrical limit switch in miter gate machinery when he was entangled. Harold Olson, lockmaster, said repairs to the switch had to be made with the machinery in oper- ation. Gustav A. Schmidt, a lock- man, was working with Long and turned off the machine as quickly as he could. Long was dead before a Wjnona physician arrived. The doctor said ;he electrician had suffered a crush- ed left chest. Long had been, employed by the U. S. Corps of Engineers for about four years. Prior to that he served n the Navy. As a maintenance electrician, he worked at the Winona dam, the Alma dam and at the Fountain City boatyards. He is survived by his wife. Blanche and two children; Judy 7 and 3avid 3. came to Alma from Forest Lake, Minn. McGrath Studies Full Report on Amerasia Case Gen- eral McGrath said today the Jus- ice department will decide soon whether to make public a full re- port of the 1945 Amerasia case as recommended by a federal grand McGrath's comment to a reporter came after a weekend bristling with new developments involving the charges of Senator McCarthy Wis.) that the State department harbors Communists and Commun- ist sympathizers. A key part of those charges, Mc- Carthy has said, concerns the five- year-old episode in which six per- sons were arrested after the F.B.I. ihad found hundreds of secret gov- Millionaire Gambler Frank Erickson, profiled in center, is hem- med in as he is led away to arrange ball in special sessions court at New York city this morning. Erickson, admitted operator of a nation-wide bookmaking business, has just pleaded guilty to 60 counts of bookmaking and conspiracy. Other men with their backs to the camera are unidentified. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) Mac Arthur Traces Defenses in Asia With few issues there was little ernment documents in the offices campaigning I of the now-defunct magazine Amer- The only Republican contest in the first congressional district.! These were the developments: Ray W. Stetson, 36-year-old Port-' l. Three more Republicans joined By Russell Brines MacArthur today outlined America's defense position in Red-menaced Asia for Defense Secretary Johnson f.nd Gen- eral Bradley. He reportedly called it serious but not hopeless. The commander of United States forces in the Far East, it was understood, also urged prompt American materiel assistance to For- mosa, last-stand bastion of the Chinese nationalists, and for southeast Asia. Discussion in the momentous three-hour conference with the sec- retary and the chairman of thej U. S. joint chiefs of staff. This! would involve the vital matter of American bases in Japan. The talks here are expected to lay the foundation for decisions in Washington on Far Eastern policy. One informed Japanese source said the Johnson-Bradley visit is being watched with "the greatest antici- pation ever placed on any mission! from the United States." Efforts are being increased to reach agreement among Japanese political leaders on the question of) future American bases. Details Secret Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida hopes to get all nists support a peace treaty with the Western powers and continued American use of bases here. Detailed conversations on poli- tical phases of a treaty apparently will await tomorrow's return of State Department Adviser John OUR ALLIES WILL THEN grow bitter against us. And we shall grow bitter against ourselves, as the real meaning of our act be- comes apparent. The whole Allan- same tool, if not their actual ally "What Lie proposes is more than mere craven appeasement. It is sur- render, abject capitulation." The two senators said the United tic alliance will be rent with should use its veto, if nee- crimination and rendered impotent essary. to prevent a Chinese .Corn- act even before the final crisis, munist from taking a seat on the danger, they to act. even before the final crisis. Assume Assume inai Idestroy the United Nations by hold- mams defenseless, and that the ex- t h head rf each free inu- frv thp Senate nol- tevof ircreastas old age icy oi increasing pm age land lawver, is'trying to party members who have cri- Foster Dulles from Korea, Representative Robert Hale's re-lticized McCarthy's methods in at-1 Secrecy shrouded the derails of I tacking the State department. Thejthe Johnson Bradley MacArthur rren of conference and also a later session Duff of'the visiting defense chiefs had with public assistance program, L relief or dole by some critics. V. Keenan of Mars hill is Since reaching the agreement to i the lone Democratic candidate in vote Tuesday upon all amend-j the third district, where Fellows ments and then the bill. Senate de-! seeks a sixth term, bate hfis lagged on social security! Fighting for the right'to battle and this has permitted the in the September general nomination to a fifth term. La.ctu.iJK J. Governor Fredrick G. Payne i three-governors Earl Warren of conference and also a later session Tnmnc- TT of'the _. General E. N. 'Almond. Mac- an- e and Representatives Charles P. (California and James H. e a u t> and cutting down on the Nelson and Frank Fellows are un-jPennsylvama, and Senator Bridges V rtaF No oublic assistance program, termed I opposed on the Republican _ slate, of New Hampshire-also had some Arthur s chie; of an JNO as ineffective by Soviet re-armament. If the present line is held in the Far East, the first move will then probably be a new Soviet blockade in Berlin. There will be no airlift to answer this blockade, because! the Soviels now have the power j to disrupt the airlift by radar-jam-j ming. There will be nothing to except abandon the Berlin position, j or send an armed convoy into thej city, or threaten the Soviet Union with atomic bombardment. Anyone who recalls the first Ber-( lin blockade, and the horrified re- sponse to- General Lucius Clay's project for an armed convoy, can predict the future choice. The na- tions of Western Europe, in the very shadow of the new Soviet power, wholly open to Russian atomic attack, half-paralyzed by their sense of weakness and wholly alienated from this country, will violently protest against any "war- like" measures. Disunion will be- to dispose of other matters. Thus it was possible to open de- bate today on extension of the a dictate 'do it our way! peacetime draft act, now set to ex- ipire June 24. election are Earl S. Grant, Port- land business college president, and Leland B. Currier of Litch- field, a former Democratic state Senator. Kidney From Dead Woman Transplanted in Operation criticism of the way Democrats have I nouncement concerning these talks handled the Communist-in-govern- j .s 2. An official transcript of testi- ever. mony taken by the Senate commit- tee investigating McCarthy's charges showed that Amerasia Defendant Emmanuel S. Larsen spoke of for- mer Navy Lieutenant Andrew Roth as a "real Communist" and "the reportedly made by his top officers to Johnson and Bradley in a "briefing" yesterday: Fear Loss of Formosa That Formosa's fall to the Chi- nese Communists would be a serious threat to the U. S. Pacific's de- AJLSOP (Continued on Page 4, Column 3) B NWA Asks Service Cut at Aberdeen Aberdeen, S. D. offi- cials said Saturday Northwest Air- lines has applied to the Civil Aero- nautics board for authority to sus- pend service temporarily at Aber- deen. Mayor R. S. Wallace said Northwest cited operating losses at I Aberdeen. Harvey C. Jewett. Jr., municipal airport board said the city will oppose the north-j west application. I Chicago A kidney from a dead woman has been transplanted in another wom- an in an operation which doc- tors said is the first of its kind ever performed. Dr. Richard M. Lawler said the surgery was performed Saturday morning in Little Company of Mary hospital and that the patient was in "good condition" early today. Her condition was normal and she had talked to her husband, hos- pital attendants reported. Dr. Lawler, a member of the hospital staff and senior at- tending surgeon at Cook coun- ty hospital, directed the operation. It was begun ten minutes after the donor of the healthy kidney died and re- quired an hour and a half. Dr. Lawler removed the dis- eased kidney from Mrs. Ruth Tucker, 49, of Chicago. The healthy kidney frorn the dead woman, in an adjoining operating room, was removed by Dr. James West, also a staff member at Little Com- pany of Mary and associate attending surgeon at Cook county hospital. The two surgeons were as- sisted by Dr. Patrick H. Mc- Nulty and Dr. Raymond Pat- rick Murphy. Working simultaneously, one team of surgeons removed the diseased kidney from Mrs. Tucker while the other team removed a kidney the dead woman. Dr. West handed the healthy kidney through a door to Dr. Lawler and within 45 minutes, the transplantation had been completed and blood was flow- ing through, .the kidney placed in Mrs. Tucker. Dr. Lawler said that as soon as the clamps were removed from the blood vessels, the or- gan changed to a healthy pink color. Mrs. Tucker was suffering from polycystic kidney, a dis- ease in which cysts in the kid- ney fill with urine which can- not be released. The disease usually is fatal. Dr. Lawler said the right kidney is functioning only ten per cent of normal, but it was not removed. Mrs. Tucker entered the hos- pital five weeks ago while doc- tors sought a suitable donor. The woman who consented to give her kidney after death al- so was 49 years old, of the same physical size and with the same blood type. She died from hemorrhage of the vari- cose veins of the esophagus and cirrhosis of the liver...Her name was not The operation was graphed and was some 35 doctors and surgeons. After the kidney was remov- ed from the dead woman it was placed in a physiological saline solution with heparin. Heparin also was injected into the kidney to prevent clotting of blood in the organ! The artery, vein and ureter were connected to the corres- ponding vessels in Mrs. Tuck- er's body with black silk thread. The ureter carries the urine to the bladder. principal conspirator" in the case. Both men were among the six line which runs from the persons arrested in the case; Larsen I Aleutians through Japan and Oki- and Amerasia Editor Philip Jaffejnawa to th? Philippines, were fined; Roth and the other 1 That Formosa could be outflank- three never were brought to trial. 3. McCarthy demanded that the Senate inquiry group open its doors to the public when it takes testi- mony Thursday from State Depart- ment Consular Official John S. Ser- of the six accused in the Amerasia episode five years ago. The committee plans to hear ser- jvice, as it has other Amerasia wit- nesses, behind closed doors. 4. The State department accused McCarthy of "deliberate distortion of the public record" in saying that Dean secretary of ed if the Reds were to sweep over all southeast Asia. That reinforcements in all cate-j gories should be speeded to the Fan East command. Camp Williams Crashes Injure Three Pilots helped create a Red Po-JNational Guard pilots were recover-! Crash' Story Hoax, Pilot Admits Reno. hero of a flaming plane crash and a five day trek across sun parched Nevada desert? Gosh no, con- fessed chagrined Allan Lee Pearce, 23, of Oklahoma City, he was the victim of a "lost month" in Reno bars. It all started, he related from a cell in the county jail, when an Oklahoma City whom he refused to refused to get out of bed to keep a date. Many drinks later and about poorer, Pearce was picked up Saturday night by Deputy Sheriff Stanley Power of Fern- lee wandering in the desert 40 miles northeast of Reno. He gasped out a story of a flaming plane crash on a flight from Seattle to Albuquerque, N. M., and of five tortuous days walking in the sun-parched desert. At that time he iden- tified himself as John E. Chenau, 24, of Austin, Texas. "What can they do to a guy for he asked. Police were noncommittal but they booked him on a hold- ing of air- plane theft. Authorities began checking in San Diego where Pearce said his mother, Mrs. Wanda Merle Pearce, lived. He wouldn't give her street address. At first he had said she was Mrs. Wanda Chenau living at 215 E street, Austin, Texas. Why the cock and bull story about the plane crash? Well, said Pearce whose wanderings took him into Canada, "I didn't want my relatives to hear about my situation." Ex-Mayo Clinic Doctor Succumbs Gambling Probe Achieves First Big Conviction 60-Year Sentence, Fines Possible Penalty New Gam- bler Prank Erickson pleaded guilty today to charges of conspiracy and bookmaking. Erickson, admitted operator of a. nation-wide bookmaking business, pleaded guilty to all 60 counts against him. His plea was entered by his attorney, Sol Gelb, who told Justice Nathan D. Perlman in spe- cial session court: "The defendant wishes to withdraw his plea of not guilty and plead guilty to the informa- tion." The maximum penalty on each count of the charge Is a year in jai! and a fine, which makes the 54-yea'r-old big-time gambler sub- ject to a possible sentence of 60 years in prison and in fines. The information charged one count of conspiracy and 59 counts of bockmaking. District Attorney Frank S. Hogan said he would ask the "stiffest sentence" for the gam- bler. Justice Perlman June 28 for sentencing. Erickson was continued in bail. The gambler never has spent a. day in jail. There are reports that Erickson pleaded guilty In an attempt to les- sen his penalty. Speculation also circulated that the guilty plea was entered as a means of protecting big-money bettors. Some of these businessmen-bettors reportedly wa- gered up to daily through Erickson, Several of them had appeared be- fore the grand jury which made the charges against Erickson. The jury Investigation came after a raid on ErickBon's plush park avenue offices by a squad of district attorney's men. They confiscated a truckload of records and data. The raid was an upshot of Erick- son's admission before a Senate in- vestigating subcommittee that he operated a coast- jto-coast, law-breaking: bookmaking enterprise. Val Bjornson, Schmahl File For Treasurer land by approving a loan to that country in 1946. 5. Officials disclosed that Cardi- nal Spellman had sought the meet- ing he had Friday with Deputy Un- dersecretary of State John E. Peuri- to discuss U. S. repre- sentation at the Vatican. Peurifoy denied speculation that he ha.d ini- tiated the meeting so he could ask the cardinal to "cap off" McCarthy. Philippine Mission At Manila Planned Minneapolis Mission work will be started in the Philippine ing today from injuries suffered Clmic staff member in three separate crashes. Two of the men-----Lieutenants Robert Bigelow, formerly of Ash- land, Wis., and William Elsham, Minneapolis were being treated at the Tomah Veterans hospital. The third, Lieutenant Robert Bride, Madison, was released at Madison General hospital following treat- ment. Bigelow and Elsham were with. [Minnesota Guard units training ihere. Both were piloting F-81's 'when their engines failed. Elsham. fractured one leg and Bigelow three vertebrae in parachuting several hundred feet. Saturday at the church's annual convention. Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln Clubine of Portland, will open a mission in Manila this fall. St. hot political con- test for the Republican nomination for state treasurer shaped up today. Julius A. Schmahl, 83-year-old state treasurer, and Valdimar (Val) Bjorson, 43-year-old Twin Cities radio commentator and newspaper editorial writer, filed for the same post this morning. Schmahl has served as treasurer since 1926, with the exception of one term, 1937-39, when he was de- feated by a Farmer-Labor oppon- ent, C. A. Halverson. Schmahl's office asked for a fil- ing form this morning and a few minutes later a messenger brought the papers to Arnold Gandrud, chief clerk in the secretary of state's of- fice, with the filing fee. Shortly afterward Bjornson ap- peared in person and filed. He is- sued a statement in which he said 'that petitions and comments corn- ling from many parts of the state evidence that the rank and file of Minnesota voters desire new recruits for strong Republican 'leadership." j "My decision to file for the treas- Bjornson said, "is based primarily on the conviction that I Minnesota's Republican slate should be a working team In which candi- jdates make the necessary contribu- jtion to aggressive advocacy of party principles." Bjornson leaves tomorrow on a four-week tour of Scandinavia on a working assignment for the two newspapers. He said that on his return July 17 he will enter upon of "a vigorous primary campaign." Schmahl said he had "no corn- Saturday" night at his home. Iment." wnento 'bailedlout of j the Wiley-Smith Clinic here, died J RatnrHow niphf. at. his home. i his widow and i E, V. Smith, Jr., Surviving are three sons, Dr. Eugene and Joseph, all of Fond duj WEATHER Lac; and a daughter, Mrs. Ken- neth C. Bender, Minneapolis. Fu- neral services will be held Tuesday. U. S. Employes Elect Officers St. Cloud, Minn. Lloyd H. Bargabus, St. Cloud, Saturday was re-elected president of the Minne- Ji4Uicu sota State Federation of Federal Bride suffered only minor Employes. J: Bruce Siefer, St. Islands by the Evangelical Free Bride suffered only minor church of America, it was ries when his engine qui? about five Paul, will serve as first vice-presi- _t milix: smith west-, nf Prairie du Sac.ident and Lillian Peterson, fat. FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally fair tonight and Tuesday, somewhat higher afternoon temperature. Low- lest tonight 54, highest Tuesday aft- 'ernoon 70. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending- at 12 m. Sunday. Maximum, 71; minimum, 47; noon, 51; precipitation, .36. For the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; minimum. 48; noon, precipitation, .49; sun sets to- mes souwes o ,un tamDrraw His unit is stationed at Truax Field, Cloud, secretary-treasurer. Th ejmght at 7.53, sun rises tomorrow Madison, red Friday. Alllbree decided to publish a semi-jat i annual mimeographed paper. Additional Weather on Page 17 ;