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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 19, 1948, Winona, Minnesota EATHER (ntilrht nnd Sunday, warmer Full Wire News Report of The Associated Pren VOLUME 48. NO. J 05 WINONA. MINNESOTA. SATURDAY EVENING. JUNE 19. 1948 Member of the Audit Bureau of "FIVE CENTS PER COPY IS HERE Dial 37.5 for the Bert in Radio TWELVE PAGES THE ALSOPS on For Control Of G.O.P. By Joseph nnd Stewnrt Alsop Washington This is nt last the eve of the Republicans' grand quad- rennial chowder march, barbecue nncl delegate roping contest. One or theso correspondents who has Just returned from abroad can report that the whole froo world Is wait- Ing for tho outcome with agonized anxiety. This time tho Republicans' decision will settle not merely the fate of this nation but the course ot world history. Under the cir- cumstances, it seems a sound Idea to try to sec what tho issue at Philadelphia will really be. Tho Issue expresses itself in the natural grouping of tho candidates. In varying degrees. Senator Arthur H. Vimdenberg, Oovcrnor Thomas E Dowcy, Oovcrnor Earl Warren nnd Harold Stassen all belong to tho modern-minded, forward-look- ing wing of tho Republican On tho other hand, Senator Robert A. Taft, Speaker Joseph W. Martin' and Senator John Brlcker are clear- ly right-wing Republicans, whose eyes aro fixed upon tho past. THERE IS A BATTLE for contro: ot tho Republican party between tho two factions. And since the tone of tho Republican party deter- mines tho tone of American con- servatism, tho real Issue at Phila- delphia will be tho future of Ameri- can conservatism. This is what bo at stake. To bo sure, there are all sorts ot and crlss-crosslngs to bo noted among tho candidates Oovcrnor Dewcy, for example, is the most conspicuous of the mod- crn-mlndccl Republicans. Yet he has been generously supported with con- tributions from a group of New York bankers, some of whom really prefer tho Tatt-Martln-Brlcker brand of Republicanism. They are lor Dewey, as one of them suc- cinctly put it. "because wo don't think wo can quite get away with Tuft or Yet if nominated and elected, Eewey will have ob- ligations to theso men which will Incvltflbly influence his policies and appointments, Again ho will also have heavy obligations to the Orundy-Owlctt-Martln group In the Republican organization In Penn- sylvania, which Is the stronghold of prc-McKlnley thinking, IN SHORT, tho necessities of delegate collecting have hung a largo collection of albatrosses around Dcwoy's rock. And tho presence of those rather rtolsomo birds will make tho choice of Dewcy some- thing Of n compromise. Equally. Taft is far less conservative than Martin or Brlcker. But theso quali- fications do not really matter. What matters is that Tfttt is tho candi- date or Colonel Robert R. McCor- mlck. What, matters, in short, is belongs to the two factions nncl what thoy very broadly stand modern-minded Republican: stand very broadly, for n strong, international foreign policy, and lust enough regulation ot business to provlclo moderate, compromise solutions oj such major national W miii. All-Night Draft Filibuster Broken A V Delegating-Claiming Spree Covers Taft-Dewey Moves conservation Vandenberg Raps Cross-Country Truman Tour By Jack Bell Philadelphia, A spree of delegate claiming covered today swift backstage moves by Governor Thomas E. Dewey and Senator Rob- ert A. Taft to line up needed votes for the G.O.F. presidential nom- ination. And Senator Arthur Vandenberg parted the curtain cloaking his candldacv to blast Presi- Russ Clamp New Block On Berlin Ban All Allied and German Travel Into City By Wes Gallagher troops blocked all Allied and German ground, travel into Berlin today in a swift reac- tion to western-zone currency re- form. Allied officials planned a meeting to decide what to do about It. The Russians ordered the blockade last night a few hours after the ent Trun for the western speak- 1 United States Britain and Prance from which Mr. Truman had announced a new currency re- to Washington yesterday, ing trip returned To delegates gathering here lor the Republican convention, Van- denberg sounded suspiciously like a man who might be enticed Into leading his party's anti-Truman as- sault in November when he told a radio audience last night: "It Is a little early to subordinate form in western Germany begin- ning tomorrow. Their reported purpose was to keep worthless Allied marks out of the Russian zone. Marshal Vasslly D. Sokolovsky, Soviet commander and military governor, issued a 000-word proclamation forbidding importation the national welfare to partisan I new and old, sniping- At least, It can be said that' J Congress has remained faithfully at I work during this critical fortnight. "It has not shared the presiden- tial luxury of a, self-serving political vacation at a moment when tho government should be on the job in Washington.'' of Harold E. Stnsscn former Minnesota governor and one tho candidates for the Republican nomination, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., of Massachusetts lust'before the foreign relations committee heard Stasscn at a session In Philadelphia, ________________ Stassen Warns of Rumors, Denies Convention Deals By Jack BoU E. Stassen said today there will be lots of rumors of "deals" and "bits of slander" heard before the Republican convention opens Monday. "We'll have no part of he told a news conference. Stassen said the "best news" he had today was that a pre- liminary survey showed that among the approximately 300 dele- .ujnu j o j. Lewis Claims Mine Operators Support Plan L, Lewis told. Justice T- Alan Goldsborough today that coal operators producing convention who1 are world war veterans, he will have a majority of them on the first bal- lot. Asked about reports of possible with other presidential as- pirants, the Mlnncsotan replied: "I think you can put it down In your books that there will be a new rumor of a deal every hour and a new bit of slander every half hour early today of western Into greater Berlin and the Russian zone. Some circles, however, Interpret- ed the Russian action as another attempt to drive the western pow- ers from Berlin. Russian-controlled newspapers renewed demands that the Allies quit the city. General Lucius D. Clay, American Vandcnbers: Position Unchanged I commander and military governor, Almost without exception, back- ne would meet later today with ers of G.O.P. hopefuls agreed and French colleagues to de- would have been a mighty fine what action should be taken against the Soviet moves. German travelers arriving in Frankfurt said the Russians had concentrated tanks and armored cars at the crossing point between Berba in the American zone and Eisenach in the Soviet zone. They said the idea seemed to be to thing if their own candidates could have used such a biting choice of words to answer Mr. Truman's at- tack on what the President has called the nation's "worst" Con- gress. While It gave supporters of the Michigan senator new hope that he might be open for the nomination, ril this view was not reflected by Van- discourage denberg's closest associates. with the miners In their fight. Lewis submitted an affidavit nt the start nf a hearing on a petition of Coal Operator Ezra Van Horn for a, court order against Lewis. Van Horn is seeking the order to halt pension and other welfare pay- ments from the fund col- lected in the past year from a ten- cent royalty. Van Horn, as the oper- ators' trustee for the fund, objects to money-spending plan, which has, the convention closes, pension'have no part of cither." Asked if the latest "deal" We'll might have resulted from reported talks with Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio, Stassen said he had not talked with either Taft or Governor Thomas E. Dewey for several weeks. He also denied he had had any con- ferences seeking to delay a conven- One of these said that there has boon no change In Vandenberg's stand, that he isn't a candidate but would not refuse a nomination which came without his conniving. Writing the Vandenberg boom off, the Dewey and Taft camps fired their heaviest artillery In a battle to which both tried to rele- gate Harold E. Stassen to the role of a bystander. Despite public claims to the con- trary, it was nose-on-the-face plain to most of the politicians here that neither had :ined up anything like the 548 votes needed for the nom- ination. With, their first ballot strength fairly well set, both started chip- ping away at the strength of Stas- sen, favorite sons and each other. Although It was denied by Dewey's top strategists, reports came from, usually reliable sources that the New York governor's forces had put out a vice-presiden- tial feeler toward Governor Dwight Green of Illinois. This would be In the nature of a travel Into Russian-oc- cupied territory. Only persons who could prove residence there were let problems as housing, of resources, power Qy "Lewis and Senator and tho provision ot adequate (R.-N. Bridges is r.eut- sncurlty. Viindrnberp, Dowcy. Stiis- K sen arid Warren aro businessmen's candidates. Just as much as Tart. Martin utul Brlcker. But thoy arc the candidates of businessmen like Paul Hoffman, nncl not of business- men Hko Colonel McCormlck and General Robert. Wood. They do not want to do more than Is absolutely necc.isnry, cither In tho way ot pro- ral trustee for the fund. Lewis said several coal companies have notified Van Horn they "have disapproved, disavowed and dis- associated themselves from this liti- gation." He said these companies incli'de the West Virginia Coal and Cokci Company headed by Charles Dorrnnce. vltlltiK funds for reconstruction ofi Lewis also argued that Van Horn free world abroad, or altering the economy at home. But they rccog- that the national government was told by those coal companies he "does not represent them In his present attempt to prevent activa- rrnlly must do something to solve] Uon tnc ao47 fund." tho problems listed and a host ot others. AMONG T1IK Republican right- wingers, Senator Tuft Is In the curlou.i position ot advocating domestically a program of social welfare lit leant right, wing supports him because, clcsplto occii-Momi! bouts of Up serv- ice, ho Is u thoroughly unconverted Isolationist. As for Speaker Martin nncl Senator Brlcker. their basic policy is to do nothing really deci- sive nbout any national or Inter- national relying on Provi- dence or free enterprise to provide thr solution. The only laws they believe lu strongly iu'e protective tariffs mid legislation aimed at the political These aro the cUUer- eners between the factions. Slnco the United States Is now t.he prop and leader ot the cause ot freedom everywhere, nnd since the Republican candidate Is very likely to be elected In November, It is not surprising that the outcome at Philadelphia Is awaited with nl- moM breathless suspense, not only here In America, but all over the world. Among those watching most anxiously, It must bo added, are the masters ot the Kremlin. For If this country rutuvns to isolationism and extreme reaction, their game will be as good as won. Lewis asked the court to dismiss s for favorite sons orincxt Tnursday. ither than Dewey, Taft I Green, the convention keynoter, Still thinking he will win by the ninth ballot, Stassen said there will be 350 votes candidates ot and Stassen, on the first ballot. The remaining approximately 750 will be divided three ways without any major spread between high and low, lie added. Asked whether he believed Presi- dent Truman would be the Demo- cratic candidate, Stnsscn said: "I feel the Democrats are saddled with him and tho western trip of the President put tho saddle on tighter." Minneapolis Boy Strangles on Tie Minneapolis James, nine- through, they said; interzonal pass- es of others were not honored. The four-power city of Berlin Is surrounded by Soviet-occupied terri- tory. Tht Russian action left only one which the western Allies, Army and civilian personnel could reach the city from the west. Soviet troops closed the Interna- tional highway used by the western powers to all traffic leading to Ber- lin, They allowed Allied personnel to leave but not to enter the city. Search Crews Dig Into Debris Of Plane Wreck Mt. Carmel, Fa.. Search crews dug deeper today into the charred debris of a DC-6 airliner to uncover clues bodies among the thumb, three and one-half wirepnotoj._______ Consress May Not Be Able to Quit Tonight he night. Only a let the legislators get away. "We've just got too much to do, he said. Martin made the statement to reporters Taft said today finally to- In the legislation log Jam, Martin said, would aiter a con- (R.- Republicans Start Work on Farm Planks By Ovid Martin Philadelphia Republican for 24 unidentified the 43 victims of a foray in strength Into Taft terrl- crasyi ncar here two days ago. tory, claim for the Ohloan's backers NinetCen others, including actress without much dispute they will get 50 of Illinois' 56 votes on ;he second convention ballot about Van Horn's petition for an son of Mr. and Mrs. An- tlon. The ___ pcnslon-for-mlners dispute already has caused one coal strike vnnr and now threatens anoth- >ca. was said to have turned down the feeler in favor of waiting to sec what develops when more delegates (Continued on Page 2, Column CONVENTION contract negotiations. This could holn erase the threat of a strike art- younger brother hanging cr the present contract June 30. thony Weber, was accidentally strangled by a necktie at his homcj lust night. Coroner Russell R, Helm said the boy had gone to his second floor room to change clothes for supper. When he failed to reappear, Wayne Weber, 22, went upstairs to find his by his clothes Bulletins Senate approved today a bill to admit homeless Europeans in two years, Jt goes to the White House. expires'necktie nenv a horizontal 'pole and several hooks. Washington President Truman today signed 70 bills ac- cumulated during his 15-day swing through the west. Presidential Press Secretary Charles G. Koss told reporters that ten more measures passed in Mr. Truman's absence now arc on the President's desk and still olucrs .arc en route. Beryl Wallace and two infants, al- ready have been positively Identi- fied. But the mangled remains of Miss Wallace's producer. Earl Carroll of Broadway and Hollywood, still lay in a mound of smashed humanity in an emergency morgue. Several of the identified bodies- there wasn't a single one intact" were shipped out during the night in hermetically sealed coffins to their families. Meanwhile, Investigators contin- ued another day of attempting to reconstruct the circumstances which surrounded the disaster In this an- thracite region. The disintegration Is almost said Joseph C. FJuett, of the civil aeronautics board, "but we are hopeful that our experts may be able to ascertain happened." how this thing In addition to Miss Wallace, Mrs. Joy Marcus and her infant child, Chicago; Mrs. L. O. Weiser and her infant child, Chicago; Miss Kay Thorpe, Chicago; and Richard Schember, Elgin, m, first officer of the plane, have been identified jn addition to others. fercnce with Senator Whether Congress will return be- tween the Republican, and Demo- cratic conventions, or after both of them, he said, has not been de- cided. Three hours earlier, Taft, chair- man of the Senate G.O.P. policy committee, had mentioned the pos- sibility that Congress might be forced to put off quitting "until maybe Monday." Martin spoke shortly after the Senate had removed one of the big barriers to adjournment. It passed a compromise draft bill after an all- night filibuster by Senators Taylor (D.-Idaho) and Langer (K.-X. The filibuster ended when. Taylor was ruled off the floor by a techni- cality. The draft bill, worked out by a Joint committee of the two houses, --i... would make men 19 through 25 a tower level ject to induction for 21 months serv- "rnuram ice, but not before 90 days alter the Mil is finally enacted. The filibuster began at p. m., CST, yesterday and alternated be- tween Taylor and Langer through the night until a. m. At that point, Senator Brewster (R.-Maine) protested a telegram Taylor was containing references not convention platform drafters lean- ed favorably today toward a farm group plan for taking a swat a the high cost of living particu- larly of food and farm fiber pro- ducts. That plan would lower artlficia: props the government maintains un- der farm prices after this year. gency shortage did not develop. Before Committee A resolutions subcommittee on agriculture put the Idea In ft sug- gested farm plank. It was set to be considered by the full committee today along with planks on other domestic and foreign issues drafted Senate O.K.'s Army Calls In 90 Days Senators Taylor and Langer Talk for 17 Hours Washington The Senate passed a compromise draft bill by voice vote today after breaking an all-night filibuster. As It now to House measure would start drafting men aged 19 through 25 for 21 months service, starting 90 days after final enactment. Approval by voice vote came after the Senate first broke the filibuster of Senators Taylor (D.-Idaho) and Langer